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Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 



PHILIP P. CALVERT, Ph.D., Editor. 
E. T. CRESSON, JR., Associate Editor. 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D., Editor Emeritus. 









The several numbers of the NEWS for 1911 were mailed at the 
Philadelphia Post Office as follows : 

January . . . Dec. 31, 1910 

February . . . Jan. 30, 1911 
March . . . Feb. 28, " 
April . . . Mar. 31, " 
May . . . Apr. 28, " 
June . . . May 31, " 
July June 30, " 
October . . . Oct. 6, " 
November . . Oct. 30, " 

The date of mailing the December, 1911, number will be 
announced in the issue for January, 1912. 




(Notes and articles on geographical distribution are indexed under the names of the 
States or countries concerned, and not under the species listed therein, except in the case 
of new or redescribed forms. * indicates new generic, specific or subspecific names.) 


Academy of Natural Sciences 
of Philadelphia, Entomo- 
logical Section, 46, 138, 237, 


Td., Entomological Lectures at 86 
African Entomological Re- 
search Committee 181 

American Association Eco- 
nomic Entomologists, 190, 421 
American Entomological So- 
ciety 138, 284, 335, 479 

American Society of Zoolo- 
gists 95 

Animal Behavior, Journal of 84 

Antilles, Expedition to 423 

Arcadia 326 

Arizona, Collecting in South- 
ern 339 

Rat as host of earwig 469 

Bermuda. Insects of 384 

Birds following insects, 287, 420 
Birds, Insect parasites of ..19, 75 
'Books, Insects injurious to, 41. 


Bromeliadicolous animals. 405-411 
Brooklyn Entomological So- 
ciety 139 

Cell-studies on Insects 95 

Coition between different spe- 
cies 272 

Colorado State Biol. Survey 277 
Disease and Insects, 45, 92, 181, 
228, 333, 432, 467, 469, 471. 

Editorial Changes l 

Editorials, 41, 83, 130, 177, 225, 
276, 325, 369, 417, 465- 

Entomological building for 
Massachusetts Agricultural 

College 13, 97 

Entomological Literature, 39, 40, 
42, 84, 86, 87, 131, 134, 177, 179, 
1 80, 182, 183, 232, 279, 326, 328, 
369, 371, 374, 423, 471- 
Entomological Society of 

America 187. 416, 421 

Faeces and flies 228 

Feldman Collecting Social, 47. 04. 
188, 285. 383, 477- 

Fish captured by Bug 372 

Fungi transported by Am- 
brosia beetles 470 

Gall insects (see under Dip- 

tera and Hymenoptera). 
Genotypes, Determination of. 278 
Georgia, List of Insects of.. 39 

Guiana, Expedition to 423 

Gypsy Moth, Destroying the. 225 
Hamster-rat, Orthopterous 

parasite of 468 

Honorary degrees for Ento- 
mologists 371 

House-flies, Campaign against 373 
Instruction, Entomological, in 

Europe, 188, in U. S., 97. 
International Anti-Locust 

Commission 327 

International Entomological 

Congress 66 

Jelly rain [of eggs] 420 

Labeling specimens 465 

Lake Laboratory, Ohio State 

University '79 

Le Conte, J. E 276 



Le Conte, J. L., Portrait of... 277 
Local Distribution, Possible 

Causes of 229 

Mershon expedition to the 
Charity Islands, Lake 

Huron 230 

Mimicry 336, 384 

Myrmecophilous insects, 274, 466, 


Newark Entomological So- 
ciety 139, 286 

New Species, Publication of.. 325 

Nomenclature question 130 

Number of Eggs laid by in- 
sects 14 

Nursery stock in Europe, In- 
spection of 144 

Obituary : 

Coquillett, D. W 337 

Giron 192 

Leveille, E. A 192 

McAllister, J. W 479 

McCook, H. C 433 

Meichel, J 479 

Palmer, E 239 

Perrin, E. A. de 192 

Piaget, E 288 

Plateau, F 239 

Reed, E. C 192 

Scudder, S. H., 288. 289, 

Selys-Longchamps, M. 

F. R. de 179 

Tutt, J. W 191 

v. d. Weele, H. W. ... 287 
Personals : 

Aldrich, J. M ., 180 

Avebury, Lord 133 

Bond, F. E 131 

Bradley, J. C 373 

Brown, S 131 

Busck, A 4 

Calvert, P. P 2 

Crampton, G. C 216 

Cresson, E. T., Jr 2 

Daecke, E 2 

Fenyes, A 227 

Gates, B. N 178 

Geddes, J. M 423 

Gillin, T. F 131 

Girault, A. A 373 

Hardenberg, C. B 41 

Hebard, M 47 

Holland, W. J 226 

Howard, L. 371 

MacGillivray, A. D. .. 373 

McMillan, D. K 230 

Michelson, A. A 83 

Moore, J. P 87 

Newstead, R 371 

Pilsbry, H. A 86 

Porter, A. F 423 

Rehn, J. A. G 47 

Robinson, W 357 

Schwarz, E. A 4 

Scudder, S. H 224 

Skinner, H. . . .2, 82, 86, 3/1 

Snodgrass. R. E 178 

Trimen, R 217 

Wellman. C 413 

Wheeler, W. M 27 

Willing, T. N 41 

Wright, W. G 12 

Phoresie 194 

Plants attacked or visited by in- 
sects : 

Agaricus 274 

Agropyron glaucum . . 441, 

442. 443- 

Alder 210 

Apple 173. 174 

Artemisia dractmculoidcs. 


Ash 174 

Bean 176 

Birch 176 

Blackberry 114 



Blue-stem 441, 442 

Bromeliads, 96, 381, 402-410 

Buck bush 172 

Bugle weed 173 

Carynota mera 143 

Citharexylum quadran- 

gulare 301 

Coffea lib erica 305 

Colorado blue-stem, 441, 442 

Crataegus 467 

Enchanter's nightshade, 173 
Euphorbia robusta .... 462 
Evening primrose .... 112 

Eeverwort 176 

Eiddlewood 301 

Fra.rimis velutina 129 

Grape 384 

Grindclia sqiiarrosa . . . 440 

Hickory 172, 480 

Hicorea pecan 134 

Hop tree 174 

Hydrangea arborescens 478 
Japanese Hemlock .... 386 

Lafhyrus 359 

Ledum groenlandicunt ..217 
Lycopersicum esculen- 

tum 303 

Lycopus europaeus .... 309 

Maple 173, 176 

Mentha spp 309 

Mimusops Jie.vandra . . 224 
Oaks (see Quercus) 
Oenothera biennis ... 112 

Oleander 167, 168 

Olive 167, 168 

Orange 167, 168 

Peach 383 

Pecan 134 

Pepper 167, 168 

Peppermint 173 

Persimmon 172, 176 

Pitcher plant 194 

Poplar 173 

Plum 174, 176 

Prickly ash 174 

Quercus, 82, 242, 245, 477. 

Ranunculus acris 309 

Rhododendron cataw- 

biense 273 

Rose 477 

Sarracenia sledgei 194 

Sassafras 172, 176 

Smilacina racemosa . . . 346 

Sweet gum 143 

Tomato 303 

Trumpet vine 286 

Tsufja 386 

Veronica becrnbunsn. 300 
Viburnum accrifoJitim. . 477 

Walnut 176 

Wheat 442 

Willow 176 

Post card. Entomological . . . 370 
Preparation of Scientific 

papers 360 

Preservatives against Der- 

mestids 418 

Puget Sound Marine Sta- 
tion 292 

Rat fleas and tapeworms 469 

Reviews : 

Banks' Manual of Phil- 
ippine Silk Culture.. 47? 
Blatchley's Coleoptera 

of Indiana 46 

Boyce's Mosquito or 

Man 92 

Burr's Orthopt. of West 

Europe 185 

Doane's Insects and 

Disease 45 

Hancock's Nature 
Sketches in Temper- 
ate America 334 



Harris' List of N. 

Amer. Cicindelidae . . 283 
Horvath's Taxonomy of 

Family Names 431 

Howard's House Fly 

Disease Carrier . . . 333 
Kellogg's The Animals 

and Man 335 

Kirby's Catalogue of 

Orthoptera 158 

Ross' Reduction of 

Domestic Mosquitoes, 432 
Smith's Report on the 
Insects of New Jer- 
sey 93, 182 

Walden's Euplexoptera 
and Orthoptera of 

Connecticut 4/6 

Week's Illustrations of 

Diurnal Lepidoptera, 284 
Salt and Alkaline Lakes of 

U. S., Investigation of 180 

Sexual dimorphism. Great, 480 
Silk Culture, Banks' Manual 

of Philippine 475 

Simplified spelling 262 

Sleeping Sickness Commis- 
sion 226 

Snails, Dipterous larvae para- 
sitic in 326 

St. Louis Entomological Club, 383 
Students in Entomology, 

Number of 17 

Tapeworms, Fleas as inter- 
mediate hosts of 469 

Termitophilous insects 274 

Theses for doctorates, Ento- 
mological 464 

Transvaal, Entomology in ... 41 
Tropical Entomology, Liver- 
pool chair in 84, 371 

Venezuela, Bond Expedi- 
tion to 131 

United States Dep't of Agri- 
culture 131 


Aranens, Use of name 418 

Costa Rica, A. of 405 

Courtship in Tarantulas 127 

llpeira 461 

Erlophyes 129 

Illinois, Spider from 461 

Number of eggs laid by 

Spider 461 

Peckham collection of Spiders, 460 

sericata, Epeira 461 


abruptus, Enoclerns 121 

acerbus*, Enoclerus 119 

Allendesalazaria 132 

Ambrosia beetles transporting 

fungi 470 

analis, Enoclerus 120 

Arizona, C. of, 71, 117, 122, 271, 


Athous 275 

australis*, Pleocoma 65 

Axion 71 

bagoiformis, Listronotits .... 178 

bcyeri, Plusiotis 326 

Biologia Centrali-Americana, 

Curculionidae of 223 

bipunctata, Cymatodera 117 

bituberculata, Hydnocera .... 123 

brevis, Dorcus 354 

California, C. of, 64, 117, 118, 119, 


Calotillus* 115 

carolinae*, Scaphisoma 275 

Carrion-feeding C 324, 336 

castoris, Platypsylla 227, 288 

Catalogus Coleopterorum ... 86 

Clirysomela 305 

Cicindela 271, 283 

Colorado, C. of 72, 118 

Costa Rica, C. of 405 

Cymatodera 1 16, 117 

damicornis, Orthopleura 134 


delicatula, Cymatodera 116 

Dermestids, Preservatives 

against 4^ 

Dorcus 354 

ebttrneocinctus*, Calotillus ... 115 

Ellipotonia 123 

Enoclerus 118 

Eurycranus 124 

Fiori collection 374 

Hammula* , Hyperaspis later- 

alis 72 

Florida, C. of 1 16, 189 

foveolatum, Tylodcrma 112 

gigantea*, Hornia 16 

Georgia, C. of 275 

Hornia 16, 17, 132 

Hydnoccra 122, 123 

Hyperaspis 72-74 

Illinois, C. of 72 

incompletus*, A.vion 71 

Indiana, C. of 46, 74 

Kansas, C. of 15 

koebelei*, Psyllobora 71 

laticornis, Ellipotoma 123 

lengi*, Athons 275 

Leonidia 16 

Maine, C. of 119 

inanitlia*, Cicindela 272 

ine.ricana*, Plydnocera 122 

Mexico, C. of, 1 1 6, 117, 119, 122, 

123, 125, 326. 

Montana, C. of 72 

Xc-vada, C. of 73, 74, 117, 120 

New Jersey, C. of 239, 354, 355, 

383, 384. 

New Mexico, C. of 122 

New York, C. of 272 

North Carolina, C. of 273-275 

Nova Scotia, C. of 306 

ocreatus, Enoclerus 118 

opife.r, Enoclerus 120 

Pennsylvania, C. of, 47, 48, 0,4, o r 

134, 383, 384, 477, 478, 479- 

Phoresie .................... 194 

Pleocoma ................... 64 

plicata, Chlamys ............ 114 

ploribunda*, Hyperaspis .... 74 

Plus! otis ........... 326, 356, 479 

Prionostichaeus* ............ 125 

pulchellus*, Eurycranus ..... 124 

Psyllobora ................. 71 

rufivcntris, Enoclerus quadri- 

guttatus .................. 119 

santa-clarae, Cicindela ....... 271 

Scaphiomicrus .............. 275 

Scaplrisoma ................. 275 

Schilsky collection .......... 373 

South Carolina, C. of ....... 226 

spinolae, Enoclerus ......... 119 

staphylea, Chrysomela ...... 306 

snperba*, Hydnocera ....... 122 

Texas, C. of ..... 120, 356, 478-9 

turbata, Cymatodera ........ 1 17 

Tyloderma .................. 1 1- 

Utah, C. of ............. 120, 178 

t'irescens*, Pinacodcra ...... 275 

rnlturina, Cicindela ......... 271 

wellmani* , Hyperaspis ...... 7- 

wolcotti*, Hyperaspis ...... 73 

u'oodii, Plusiotis ........ 356, 479 


abdoininalis*, Endaphis ...... 

Adclphomyia ................ 

americana*, Endapliis ....... 

. Inoplieles .................. 

Arizona, D. of .......... 129, 

Asphondylia ............ 109, 

California, D. of ........ 447. 

California, New flea from ... 
Cat flea .................... 

Cayor worm ............... 

Ceylon, D. of ............... 

Chironomid larvae parasitic 
in snails ................. 

coffeae*, Hyperdiplosis ...... 



I s " 





Contarinia 33 

Costa Rica, D. of 4S 

Criorhina 3*8 

Ctenocephalus 226 

Ctenophthalmus 445 

Culex 95 

Dasyneura 210, 346 

Dog flea 226 

Eggs of chironomids, Jelly 

rain of 4 21 

Endaphis 128, 224 

eupatorii*, Hyperdiplosis .... no 

Eustalomyia 3 21 

fasciatus, Ceratophyllus 469 

nsherii*, Syrphus 3 T 9 

flava*, Sacandaga 35 J 

Fleas 226, 445, 469, 471 

Flies and disease ...228, 333, 467 

fronto, Tabanus 133 

fungicola*, Toxomyia 302 

Gall midges, 10, 109, 128, 210, 224, 

301, 346. 

heiseri*, Ctenophthalmus .... 445 

hirta*, Endaphis 224 

Hyperdiplosis no, 305 

Idana 3 2 o 

infumatum, Clanoneurum . . . 480 

laetus, Microdon 319 

Lestodiplosis 10 

Limnobia 85 

lycopersici*, Contarinia 303 

marginata*, Idana 320 

melanocerus, Tabanus 133 

Miastor larvae 227 

Microdon 319 

Mosquitoes fed by ants 466 

New Jersey, D. of, 48, 182, 188, 

285, 384- 
New York, D. of, 85, 227, 346, 349- 

nigriventris*, Criorhina (Pen- 

thesilia) 318 

oestriformis, Eristalis 299 

parietina, Limnobia 85 

pattersoni*, Asphondylia 301 

Pennsylvania, D. of, 48, 188, 318- 
322, 384, 477, 478, 480. 

Penthesilia 318 

Peru, D. of 10, 128 

peruviana*, Lestodiplosis .... 10 

Phoresie 194 

Pyrellia 321 

v. Roeder collection and li- 
brary 373 

Sacandaga* 349 

senilis, Adelphomyia 352 

serena, Pyrellia 321 

serrulata, Dasyneura 210 

smilacinae*, Dasyneura 346 

Tabanus 133 

Theobaldia 95 

Toxomyia* 302 

trimaculatus, Tabanus 133 

Tse-tse flies 277 

vincenti*, Asphondylia 109 

vittipes, Eustalomyia 321 

West Indies, D. of 109, 301-5 


(See Rhynchota). 


Amphibolips 198 

amygdalina*, Caliroa 263 

Anagrus 207, 209 

Anaphes 364 

Anaphoidea 215 

Andricus 69, 70, 198 

Anthophora, Parasites of ..17, 132 

Ants 143, 405-7, 419, 4?8 

Ants, Coleoptera associated 

with 274 

Ants, Green Tree, of North 

Queensland 327 

Ants, Mosquitoes fed by .... 466 
Ants paralyzed by secretion 

of bug 468 



Apterostigma 406 fn. 

aspidioti*, Polynema ....358, 367 

Biastes 26 

Brazil, H. of 407 fn. 

brittanum*, Polynema 366 

caepulaeformis*, Andricus .. 69 

California, H. of 67-69, 357 

calif arnica*, Philonix 69 

Caliroa 263 

chrysolepidis*. Holcaspis .... 68 

clavula*, Dryophanta 67 

Colorado, H. of ... .82, 210, 462-4 

confertus, Sphecodes 211 

consobrinus, Polynema 467 

Costa Rica, H. of 405, 407 

Cuba, H. of 27 

cynipseus, Litus 363 

diana*. Anaplioidca 215 

Dicopus 347 

Dryocosmus 197 

Dryophanta 67, 357 

durangensis*, Andricus 198 

England, H. of 216, 363-8 

enocki, Litus 363 

Eriocamp aides 263 

euchariforme, Polynema. .365, 368 

favus*, Dryocosmus 197 

felti* Osmia 18 

Gall flies 67, 82, 197, 357 

Genotypes of H 218 

Georgia, H. of 467 

Italitus*, Dicopus 347 

I leminomada 26 

lictcrus*, Sphecodes 212 

Holcaspis 68, 82 

incarnatus, Anagnis 207 

Indiana, H. of 70, 211, 213 

Utus 363 

Lophyrus 95 

Louisiana, H. of .... 198, 263, 265 

Massachusetts, H. of 70 

melitina*, Prosopis 214 

Mexico, H. of 198, 358 

Migration of Ants 419, 

Mimatomus 464 

multipunctata*, Dryophanta . . 67 
New Hampshire, H. of ...211-215 

New Jersey, H. of 70, 95 

New York, H. of 18, 211 

nigra*, Amphibolips 198 

.Vomadita 26 

Nomadosoma* 24 

Nomenclatural changes 218 

North Carolina, H. of 214 

Oregon, H. of 357 

Osmia 18 

paraplcsius*, Sphecodes 213 

Pasites 24 

peltatus*, Mimatomus 464 

Pennsylvania, H. of .... 198, 321 

Philonix- 69 

Phoresie 194 

pilipes, Pasites 24 

pisiformis*, Andricus "0 

Polynema 358, 365, 366, 467 

pratensis, Anaphes 364, 368 

Prosopis 213-215 

pulchella*, Dryophanta 357 

punctual, Anaphes 364 

Quebec, H. of 349 

Rhode Island, H. of 213 

Saunders' collection 272 

shawi*, Sphecodes 212 

Sphecodes 211-213 

spiritus*, Anagrus 20*1 

striaticorne, Polynema ...365, 367 

Syntoinaspis 82 

telepora*, Prosopis 213 

Tenthredinoidea, Genotypes of _M^ 

Texas, H. of 4" 

^'nrreni*, Syntomaspis s! - 

\\isconsin, H. of -'i? 


Achalants 3 

Acronycta 39 

Adelpha 4 '-I 



Alberta, L. of 108. 231, 400 

amicora*, Acronycta 312 

amnemonella*, Diatraea 203 

Anacrusis 125 

angustella*, Diatraea 205 

Archylus 265 

Argynnis 108 

Arizona, L. of, 3, 266, 267, 293, 312, 

379, 415. 

A tteva 229 

aurea, A tteva 229 

battoides, Lycaena 259 

behri, Colias 220 

bellifactella*, Diatraea 205 

bellus, Mastor 267 

berthellus*, Diatraea 206 

beutenmulleri, Catocala . . 140, 180 
Brazil, L. of, 125, 202, 203, 205- 


bredowi, Adelpha 414 

Breeding L 172-176 

British Columbia, L. of, 108, 399, 

California, L. of, n, 220, 228, 259, 

293, 415. 

calif 'arnica, Adelpha 414 

Canada, L. of 316 

Cannibalism in L 174 

carteri, Protambulyx 41 

Catalogus Lepidopterorum, 379 

Catalpa sphinx 47 

Catocala ...139, HO, 175, 180, 371 

cethura, Euchloe 1 1 

Chilo 206 

chlorina*, Stenoma 126 

clytie, Thecla 293 

Colias 220 

Colorado, L. of, 220, 259, 268, 311, 

400, 413, 462. 

Connecticut, L,. of 370 

continent*, Diatraea 202 

Costa Rica, L. of 258, 405 

dacotac*, Pamphila sassacus.. 412 

Dakota, L. of South 412 

Datana 300 

Diatraea 199 

dissimilis*, Stenoma 126 

enoptes, Lycaena 259 

Erebus 37O 

Eresia 412 

Euchaeria 13 

Euchloe ii 

Eurycttarus 193. 

faunellus*, Cr ambus 207 

Florida, L. of ...41, in, 226, 439 
Gas lamps for attracting 

moths 87 

Georgia, L. of 412 

glaucon, Lycaena 259 

grandiosella* , Diatraea 205 

grenadensis*, Diatraea sac- 

cliaralis 200 

Guiana, L. of 202, 203, 206 

Gypsy moth 225 

Heterodhroa 414 

Hiibner's Exotic Butterflies.. 379 

Hyperchiria 144 

Idaho, L. of 413 

iheringi*, Anacrusis 125 

Illinois, L. of 359, 399 

immaculata*, Parnassius .... 108 

incarnata, Hyperchiria 144 

ines, Thecla 293 

instruct ella*, Diatraea 201 

Iowa, L. of 412 

/air, Catocala 140 

Judith, Catocala 140 

leda, Thecla 293 

lopiusa*, Papilio 439 

Lycaena 238, 259, 359 

lygdamus, Lycaena 359 

magnifactella*, Diatraea .... 201 
Manitoba, L. of, 309, 314, 315, 399, 

400, 401. 

Massachusetts, L. of 316 

Mastor 267 



Megathymus 300 

Mesocia 266 

metra*, Acronycta 311 

-Mexico, L. of, 144, 201, 202, 204, 

205, 293, 415, 439. 
Microlepidoptera, Methods of 

capturing and breeding . . . 141 

Migrations of L 48, 371, 415 

minimifacta*, Diatraea 202 

Mississippi, L. of 194 

Missouri in 1910, L. of, 170, 322, 

montana*, Pamphilct pawnee, 413 

Myriads of moths 371 

navajo*, Megathymus 300 

neomexicana*, Datana 300 

Nephelodes 397 

Nevada, L. of 259 

Xew Jersey, L. of. 47, 48, 140, 141, 

142, 238, 383, 384. 
New Mexico, L. of ..268, 300, 413 

Nicaragua, L. of 200 

Norape 266 

North Carolina, L. of 203 

Number of yearly broods of 

L. in New Jersey 238 

odora, Erebus 370 

Oregon, L. of 259, 415 

oslari*, Chionobas alberta . . . 220 

Pairs, Pupation in 370 

PamphUa 412, 413 

Panama, L. of 200 

pallida*, Pamphila mystic . . . 412 

pallidostricta*, Diatraea 205 

Palpi, Libythea bachmani 

without 3/9 

Papaiema 140 

Papilio 438, 439 

pedibarbata*, Diatraea 202 

pedidocta*, Diatraea 201 

Pennsylvania, L. of, 229, 371, 399, 

415, 422, 477- 
Phoresie 196 

phylace, Mastor 267 

Pinning L 285 

ponceana*, Papilio 438 

psendoccllus*, Achalarus .... 3 

quinquemacula*, Pamphila .. 413 

Ramaca 266 

Resemblance of L. to a caddis 

fly 384 

i Rhode Island, L. of 399 

saccharalis, Diatraea 199, 200 

sakuntala*, Argynnis 108 

Saskatchewan, L. of 400 

scminole*, Eresia tc.raiia . . . 412 

socialis, Euchaeria 13 

South Carolina, L. of 203 

South Dakota, L. of 412 

Starlings picking Arctia co- 
coons 287 

Stenoma 1 26 

streckeri, C 'alias nastes 231 

strigipenella*, Diatraea 206 

tabernella*, Diatraea sac- 
charalis 200 

Tallant collection of Lep., 41, 81 

tenet, Archylus 265 

Tennessee, L. of 142, 316 

Texas, L. of 415 

Thecla 293 

Timctcs in, 226 

tracyi*, Eiirycttarus 10.; 

tristis*, Acronycta 316 

/ nrpis*, Acronycta 311 

Utah, L. of 259, 312, 413 

utahensis*, Pamphila sylrun- 

oides 413 

Virginia, L. of 203 

icarneri, Catocala 140, 180 

Washington, L. of 311 

Weeks' Illustrations of Diur- 
nal L 284 

West Indies, L. of, 200. 2O2, 203 

Wisconsin, L. of 370 

\\ \oming, L. of 108 

seacolella* , Dalraca 



agonns, Goniodcs 23 

Bolivian birds, M. from ... 19 

Californian birds, M. from . . 75 

Colpocephalum sp 77 

Docophorus 19, 75, 76 

epiphanes*, Lipeunis 21 

fissi-signatus*, Docophorus . . 19 

Lipeurns 21 

nionaclms*, Docophorus per- 

tusus 75 

stictum*, Colpocephalum .... 77 

NEUROPTERA (excl. Mallophaga 

and Odonata). 

Bromeliadicolous caddis- worm 411 
fasciatus, Chauliodes in Phila- 
delphia 478 

North Carolina, Panorpa of.. 274 
Pennsylvania, Trichoptera of, 384 
Termes, Coleop. associated 
with 274 


Aciagrion ? 344 

angustipennis, Calopteryx ... 148 

Anisopleura 149 

Bayadera 150 

Biologia Centrali-Americana, 

Odon. of 39 

Brazil, O. of 393, 395 

brimleyi*, Gomphus 221 

Calopteryx 148 

Causes of Local Distribution 

of Odon 229 

avillaris, Gomphus 222 

cliinensis, Neurobasis 147 

chirripa, Cora 51, 58 

comes, Anisopleura 149 

Cora larva 49, 96, 138, 153 

Costa Rica, O. of, 49, 96, 380, 381, 

402-410, 449-458. 

Cyclophylla 394 

Gomphoides 79, 393 

(iomphiis 221 

High altitudes, O. from ..380, 381 

Ictinus 395 

Illinois, O. of 395 

India, O. of, 147, M9, ISO, 153, 342- 

344, 394, 395- 

indica Bayadera 150 

iphigenia, Mecistogaster 457 

Jamaica, O. of 151 

Kentucky, O. of 148 

lineatus, Onychogomphus . . . 395 

Macrogomphus 396 

Mecistogaster, 96, 381, 402-410, 


Mexico, O. of 402, 449, 457 

Migration of 419 

modestus, Mecistogaster, 96, 381, 

402-410, 449-460. 

Neurobasis 147 

New Jersey, O. of 420 

North Carolina, O. of ....79, 222 
Nymphs, 49, 96, 138, 147, 153, 342, 

392, 449- 

Ortholestes 152 

Pennsylvania, O. of 336 

Phenacolestes 479 

Philoganga 153 

Plant-dwelling larvae, 402-410, 


Podagrion nymph 342 

Pseudagrion? 344 


abort ivits, Nemobius fascia- 
tus 10 

Adimantus 251 

Africa, O. of 480 

Africa, O. of Lake region of 

Central 237 

agraeaoidcs*, BertonieUa . . . 255 
angustipennis, Melanoplus ... 

atlanis, Melanoplus 8 

atlas*, Hormctica 248 

BertonieUa* 255 

B la tell a 14 



collare, Spharagemon 3 

Columbia, O. of District of, 37, 157 
Connecticut, Walden's O. of, 4?6 

Costa Rica, O. of 405 

esau, Arixena, on bat 469 

frigida, Arphia 7 

Georgia, O. of 31, 32, 155 

germanica, Blatella 14 

gracilicornis, Sisantum 250 

Hemimerus 468 

Hormetica 248 

Indiana, O. of 381 

Illinois, O. of 381 

Isophya 252 

Kirby's Catalogue of 158 

Lutosa 257 

maculatus, Hippiscus 7 

Manitoba, O. of 5 

Massachusetts, O. of 28 

melanochloris*, Isophya .... 252 

Musical Habits of 28, 154 

neglectus, Gryllus pennsyl- 

vanicus 9 

New England, O. of 28 

New York, O. of 28 

Nomenclatural changes in O.. 158 

North Carolina, O. of 238, 387 

Ominexecha 251 

Paraguay, O. of 247 

paranensis*, Lutosa 257 

Parasitic 468 

Paratenodera feeding on Ci- 
cada 478 

Pennsylvania, O. of 190, 237 

Resemblance of O. to Mem- 

bracidae 336 

Si'xual dimorphism, Great . . . 480 

simplex, Eritettix 238 

Sisantum 250 

t'ircns, Ommexecha 251 

z'itticeps, Adimantus 251 

Western Europe, O. of 185 

Western U. S., O. of . 


Africa, R. of 416 

agropyronensis*, Chaitophorus, 44- 

Aleyrodes 462, 463 

ameiricanus, Lethocerus (Be- 

lostoma) 373 

Arizona, R. of 269-271 

arisonensis*, Dendrocoris, 269, 270 
artemisiae*, Chaitophorus . . . 443 

Aspidiotus 385, 386 

Atarsos* 440 

Atlantic States, R. of 246 

Belostoma captures fish 373 

Black scale 167 

Brachycolus 441 

British Columbia, R. of 246 

buenoi*, Gerris 246 

California, R. of 167 

Capyella 416 

Chailophorus 442, 443 

Cicada, Mantis feeding on ... 4/8 
Coccidae, Parasites of, 10, 224, 358 

Colorado, R. of 440-444, 462 

Columbia, R. of District of . . 245 

Conorhitnis 238 

Costa Rica, Heteroptera of . . 405 

Dendrocoris 268 

euphorbiarum*, Aleyrodes 

pruinosus 462 

Euschistus 95 

Gerris 246 

gr'nidcliae*, Atarsos 44 

Illinois, R. of 241, 245 

Kansas, R. of 443 

ledi*. Pseudococcus 217 

Membracidae Habits of .... 143 
Membracidae, Models of ... 228 
Menibnu-idae. Resemblance of 

Orthoptera to 

Moulting of Membnu-idar ... i \.\ 

Xrw Jersey, R. of 142. t^J 

New York, R. of i\7 

. Capyella 1 1 ^ 



oleae, Saissetia 167 

Periodical cicada ....142, 177, 189 

Phyllaphis 243, 245 

Pseudococcus 217 

pteridis, Mastopoda 440 

Ptilocerus ochraceus, Ants 

paralyzed by secretion of . . 468 

querci, Eriosoma 241 

reticulatus*, Dendrocoris, 269, 270 

Saissetia 167 

Saunders' "collection 272 

Taxonomy of Family Names, 431 

tritici*, Brachycolus 441 

tsugae*, Aspidiotus 385 


(Indexed under Diptera). 


Alexander, C. P 86, 349 

Allard, H. A 28, 154 

Banks, N 194, 419 

Barber, H. G 268 

Barnes, W 265, 267 

Bergroth, E 416 

Beutenmuller, W 67, 197, 357 

Bishop, S. C 346 

Bower, H. M 359 

Brehme, H. H 144, 287 

Brimley, C. S 133, 3^7 

Britton, W. E 373 

Bueno, J. R. T 246 

Burgess, A. F 422 

Calvert, P. P., 40, 49, Si, 83, 130, 

177, 223, 325, 335, 370, 402, 417, 

420, 438, 449, 465 and Index. 

Caudell, A. N 159 

Champion, G. C 132, 178 

Clemence, V. L 3, 11, 226 

Cockerell, T. D. A., 18, 82, 217, 


Coolidge, K. R., 3, 11, 40, 226, 327, 


Cresson, E. T., Jr., 42, 87, 134, 183, 
233, 279, 328, 338, 374, 423, 471- 

Davis, J. J 241 

Dod, F. H. W 397 

Doll, J 300 

Dow, R. P 139, 271 

Dury, C 273 

Dyar, H. G 199 

Fall, H. F 64 

Felt, E. P., 10, 109, 128, 227, 232, 

Fenyes A 227 

Gillette, C. P 440 

Girault, A. A., 14, 112, 114, 207, 

215, 347, 358, 363, 4H, 46i, 467. 
Greene, G. M., 48, 95, 190, 286, 

384, 479- 

Grinnell, F., Jr 293 

Grossbeck, J. A 143 

Haskin, J. R 293 

Hebard, M 5 

Hill, M. D 421 

Howard, L. 97 

Ilg, C 220 

Jones, J. M 193 

Kearfott, W. D 125 

Kellogg, V. L 19, 75 

Kirkaldy, G. W 246 

Knab, F 306 

Lovell, J. H 211 

MacGillivray, A. D i SS 

Marlatt, C. L 385 

McCoy, G. W. 445 

McDunnough, J. ...180, 265, 267 

Meiners, E. P 370 

Montgomery, T. H., Jr 437 

Morton, K. J 411 

Muttkowski, R 221, 460 

Needham, J. G 145, 342, 392 

Nunenmacher, F. W 71 

O'Brien, R. A 327 

Osborn, H 179 

Paine, J. II 19, 75 



Petrunkevitch, A 127 

Pilate, G. R 371 

Pollard, C. L 79 

Porter, A. F 87 

Quayle, H. J 167 

Read, E. W 370 

Rehn, J. A. G., 5, 42, 87, 134, 

164 fn., 165 fn., 183, 187, 233, 

247, 279, 291, 328, 374, 423, 471, 


Reinick, W. R 41 

Riiey, W. A 93 

Rohwer, S. A 24, 218, 263 

Rowley, R. R 170 

Ruthven, A. G 230 

Sanders, J. G 370 

Schaus, W 206, 207, 438 

Schroers, P. A 322 

Schwarz, H 383 

Scudder, S. H 277 

Sherman, F., Jr 387 

Skinner, H., i, 46, 47, 94, 108, in, 
138, 139, 220, 225, 226, 231, 277, 
283, 284, 292, 300, 334, 354, 381, 
412, 414, 415, 432, 476, 480. 

Slosson, A. T 41 

Smith, J. B 309 

Stamm. J. C 423 

Stiles, C. W 131, 278 

Van Duzee, E. P 432 

Van Dyke, E. C 220 

Walton, W. R 182, 318 

Washburn, F. L 422 

Wellman, C 15 

Wheeler, W. M. . . .406 fn., 407 fn. 

Wickham, H. F 17, 46 

Williamson, E. B 229 

Wolcott, A. B 115 

Wolf, H. T 420 

JANUARY, 1911. 


Vol. XXII. 

No. 1. 

Major John Eatton Le Conte, 1784-1860. 

PHILIP P. CALVERT, Ph.D., Editor. 
E. T. CRESSON, JR., Associate Editor. 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D., Editor Emeritus. 




J. A. G. REHN. 






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Published monthly, excepting August and September, in charge of the Entomo- 

logical Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, 

and the American Entomological Society. 



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H. diffinis, A. luna, P. cecropia, T. polyphemus and eggs of Catocala cara, 
piatrix, innubens, vidua, retecta, 

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Second-hand books and excerpts relating to natural history. CATALOGS 

When Writing Please Mention " Kntomolojfical News." 


Plate I. 







JANUARY, 1911. 

No. i. 


Editorial Changes i 

Coolidg;e& Clemence AnewHesperid 3 
Rehn and Hebard Orthoptera found 

about Avveme, Manitoba 5 

Felt A new Lestodiplosis Jo 

Coolidge- A dav with Euchloe cethura n 
Girault Standards of the number of 

eggs laid by Insects IX 14 

Wellman A new American Sitarine 

Beetle (Col., Lvttid.) 15 

Cockerell A new Bee from N. Y. State 18 

and Paine Mallophaga from 

Bolivian Birds 19 

Rohwer A new genus of Nomadine 

Bees 24 

Allard The Musical Habits of some 
New England Orthoptera in Sep- 
tember 28 

Editorial 40 

Notes and News 41 

Entomological Literature 42 

Doings of Societies 46 

Editorial Changes. 

(Plate I) 

On the thirteenth of October, nineteen hundred and ten, the 
Chairman of the joint Publication Committee of the Entomo- 
logical Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phil- 
adelphia and of the American Entomological Society, having 
in charge ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, received the following letter : 

"Philadelphia, Oct. I2th, 1910. 

"Chairman Publication Committee. 

''I hereby tender my resignation as editor of ENTOMOLOGI- 
CAL NEWS to take effect December fifteenth, 1910. At that 
time, if I am alive, I will have served twenty-one years as 
editor of the journal, and the NEWS may be considered to be 
of age and over the nursing period. I will still have a warm 
interest in its welfare, and will do what I can to make its 
future a success. I suggest that you call a meeting of your 
Committee in the near future for the purpose of selecting an 
editor and an associate editor. 

"Very sincerely, 



The Committees held a meeting on October twenty-seventh 
and, knowing that it had been Doctor Skinner's intention for 
many months past to lay down his editorship, accepted his 
resignation, and elected him Editor Emeritus. Dr. Philip P. 
Calvert, associate editor since January, 1893, was chosen 
editor and Mr. E. T. Cresson, Jr., associate editor. To the 
vacancy created in the Advisory Committee by Mr. Cresson's 
election as associate editor, Mr. Erich Daecke was chosen. 

The new editors think that they may fittingly present to 
their subscribers and readers at this time a portrait and brief 
sketch of the Editor Emeritus to whom this journal is chiefly 
indebted for its past life. 

Henry Skinner was born in Philadelphia, March 27, 1861. 
He studied in the college and medical school of the University 
of Pennsylvania, receiving his M.D. degree in 1884. He en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine until 1901, when he devoted 
his whole time to entomology, becoming in that year an as- 
sistant to the Curators of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
in charge of the Entomological department of that institution. 
Previously, from December, 1889, on, as Curator of the Amer- 
ican Entomological Society and Custodian of the Entomolog- 
ical Section of the Academy, he had given only a part of his 
time to the care of the collections of insects. 

ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS was begun with the number for 
January, 1890, with Eugene M. Aaron as editor and an Ad- 
visory Committee consisting of Messrs. George H. Horn, M.D., 
Ezra T. Cresson, Henry Skinner, M.D., and Philip P. Calvert. 
With the number for March, 1890, Dr. Skinner began his 
editorial connection with this journal which he has now loos- 
ened, but not severed. Volume I of the NEWS comprised 168 
pages and no plates; Volume XXI, 484 pages and 14 plates, 
an increase for which we thank our numerous friends and 
supporters of the past score of years. 

May they continue to give us the support which they have 
given to our Editor Emeritus. May he enjoy many years of 
health and strength and the happiness of seeing his "nursling" 
grow and prosper ! 


A. New Hesperid. 

Achalarus pseudocellus, spec. nov. 

$, Upper surface of primaries, brownish-black, somewhat lighter 
along the external margin, and sparsely dusted with whitish atoms; 
a macular band extending from costa across end of cell and abruptly 
terminating about 2.5 mm. from lower angle ; this band is divided by 
the nervules into five spots as follows: first, quadrate; second, elon- 
gate; third, with the nervules, y-shaped, and projecting outwardly; 
fourth, quadrate; and the fifth, triangular; the formation of this band 
is similar to that of cellus and is quite regular, the fifth spot, however, 
varying considerably in size and shape; color of first spot, pure yellow; 
the second, orange, slightly tinted with yellow anteriorly; the others 
all orange; midway between this band and the apex a small procurved 
whitish-yellow bar; otherwise immaculate. Secondaries concolorous 
with primaries, immaculate. Fringes of primaries at lower angle 
whitish, becoming black checkered as they approach the apex, where 
there is usually a distinct whitish patch of fringes. Fringes of sec- 
ondaries checkered black and gray. Primaries beneath with spots re- 
produced; color as above but considerably lighter along outer margin 
and dusted sparsely with grayish scales; inner angle clouded with buff; 
in some specimens a distinct whitish point below bar of costa, and in 
others another similar point immediately outward of end of costal bar; 
one or both of these may reappear faintly on the upp^r surface. Sec- 
ondaries beneath brownish ; two irregular, wavy dark brown bands, 
heavier than the ground color; between these bands and along the 
outer margins the coloration is pallid ; scattered gray scales, heavier 
at anal angle than elsewhere. Fringes of primaries beneath as above; 
on secondaries the fringes are brownish, the whitish of above being 
greatly diminished. Antennae brown, with a white color at base of 
club; beneath whitish-yellow; thorax and abdomen dark brown; palpi 

Expanse. 1.30 to 1.50 inch. 

9-- We do not discover any essential differences in the female, 
either as to size or ornamentation. 

Type Loc. Ramsey Canon, Huachtica Mountains, Cochise 
County, Arizona. 5.000 7.000 feet altitude. 

Described from 2 $ $ and 259 types in the collections 
of Coolid^e and Clemence, and from 67 co-types, five of these 
in the collection of Dr. Barnes. 


Our first specimens of pseudocellus were taken on June 7th, 
and from then on until July loth it was on the wing in abun- 
dance. Ccllus first appeared about the middle of June, but was 
not plentiful until July. We at once noted that there were 
two distinct species, and upon careful examination we found 
very striking characters. The white color at the base of the 
club in the new species is distinctive, and the undersides of 
the secondaries are not flecked with the prominent blue metal- 
lic scales of ccllns. Pseudocellus is also of a considerably 
smaller size, although varying somewhat. The band of the 
primaries above in cell us is clear yellow, but orange in pseudo- 
cellus. The fringes of the upper surface of the secondaries 
in cellus are yellow, but gray in pseudocellus. The above 
differences will at once serve to distinguish the two species. 
Moreover, Dr. William Barnes writes us that, "We have looked 
over our box of cellus, and find that we have about one hun- 
dred of the large form and thirty or forty of the smaller. 
Have series of each and find they are very uniform. There 
is no doubt but there are two species, and I think without 
doubt the larger one is cellus, as it agrees quite well with the 
figure of Boisduval and Leconte, and we can go no further 
as there is no description." 

Dr. J. McDunnough has very kindly examined and drawn 
the genitalia of both species, and we find them to be obviously 
different. We shall deal with this in a future article. He also 
writes that a specimen of pseudocellus in the Barnes collec- 
tion bears the label, "W. Va.," while all the others are from 
Arizona. It is rather astonishing that such a striking species 
should so long have escaped notice. 

Messrs. E. A. Schwarz and August Busck, of the Bureau of En- 
tomology, U. S. Department of Agriculture, will leave for Panama in 
January to search for parasites of the citrus white fly (Aleyrodes 
citri) and the cotton boll weevil and allied species, and to make a 
study of the entomological fauna of the canal zone. 


Orthoptera found about Aweme, Manitoba. 

During the season of 1909 the following series of Orthoptera 
was taken by Mr. Norman Criddle, and is now in the collection 
of the junior author, with the exception of sets from the larger 
series, which are in the collection of The Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia. A collection was also made by 
Mr. Criddle for Dr. E. M. Walker, and the records have been 
published in the Canadian Entomologist, Volume XLII, Nos. 
8, 9, 10 and n. 

Dr. Walker records the following species from Aweme, 
which are not in our series: Labia minor (L.), Tctrix ornatus 
(Say) Cordillacris cincrca (Brun.), Philobostroma quadriin- 
uculatum (Thorn.), Encoptoloplnts parz'iis Sc., Camnula pel- 
lucida (Sc.), Hippiscns ncglcctus (Thorn.), Scuddcria curvi- 
cauda (DeG.), Idionotus brevipes Caud., Udeopsylla nigra Sc., 
and Oecant hits nigricornis quadripunctatus Beut. 

The species in our series not before recorded from Aweme 
are as follows: Akentetits unicolor McN., Mecostcthus lineatus 
(Sc.), Melanoptits fcmur-rubntm (DeG.), Mclanoplus pack- 
ardii Sc., Melanoplus Inridus Dodge, Melanoplus bivittatus 
(Say), Conocephalus saltans Sc. Of these Melanoplus luridus 
Dodge is recorded from Western Canada for the first time; 
Akentetits unicolor McN. and Melanoplus packardii Sc. are 
first records for Manitoba. 

The notes on habitat have been supplied by Mr. Criddle. 

Acrydium granulatum Kirby. 
June 3 ; 2 $ . 

Acrydium acadicum (Sc.) 

June 2, 3, 4 ; 2 $ , 5 9 . 3 in dry woodland, I in damp open 


Acrydium hancocki (Morse). 
June 2, 4 ; 2 ? . i damp open woods ; i in dry woodland. 

Akentetus unicolor McNeill. 
Aug. 22 ; i ? . On dry prairie. This species has formerly 


been recorded from but one Canadian locality, Walsh, Sas- 
katchewan. There is no trace of rudimentary accessory lateral 
carinae of the pronotum. 

Amphitornus coloradus (Thorn.) 
Aug. 22; I $ , 7 ? . Grass prairie land. 

Chloealtis abdominalis (Thorn.) 

July 29; i$ ; Aug. 3; I $ ; Sept. 15, 29; i $ , 3 $ . One 
specimen was taken in meadowland, the rest from the prairie. 
This species appears late in the season ; July 29 is the earliest 
date among numerous records given by Dr. Walker for the 
capture of an adult. The junior author also found that at 
Pequaming, Michigan, the species did not appear until August. 

Chorthippus curtipennis (Harr.) 

Aug. 3, 9, 18, 21, 27, 29; 16$ , 109 ; Sept. 25; 55, 7$. 
The series was taken in meadowlands. 3 $ and 6 $ only, 
have long wings ; but two specimens have the lateral lobes of 
the pronotum distinctly green. 

Gomphocerus clavatus Thorn. 

June 29; T$ ; July 10; i $ , i 5 ; Aug. 3, 22, 25 ; I $ , 5 5 . 
Four specimens were taken in damp meadowlands, the rest 
on the dry prairie. 

Stirapleura decussata Sc. 

June 7, 9; 3 $ , 3 3 ; July 9, 21, 29; i $ , 7 9 . The speci- 
mens were taken on dry sandy land and on a dry hillside. 

Ageneotettix deorum Sc. 

Syn. A. scudden (Brun.) 

Aug. 22 ; 4, 5 . Taken on the dry prairie. The Eremnus 
scudderi, recorded by Dr. Walker, is based solely on McNeill's 
combination of these names. The genus Eremnus, as later 
shown by McNeill, is invalid and must be replaced by Ageneo- 

Mecostethus lineatus (Sc.) 

Aug. 30; i $ . Meadow. This is the first definite Canadian 
record for this species. 


Mecostethus gracilis (Sc.) 
Aug. 9, 18, 19, 30; 7 $ . Damp meadowland. 

Arphia frigida (Sc.) 

May 1 6, i 5 ; June 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 29; 
2a<2 , 19 5 ; July i, 29; 3 $ , 2 9 . As in Dr. Walker's series 
from Saskatchewan, these specimens exhibit a great variability 
in the color of the wings. The great majority of the speci- 
mens are yellow-winged ; one specimen has wings of quite as 
deep a shade of red as A. psendonietana, while specimens hav- 
ing wings of a color intermediate between these two types 
number quite a few. The yellow sutural stripe of the teg- 
mina is present in but two specimens. 

Arphia pseudonietana (Thorn.) 

Aug. 13, 1 8, 27, 30; $$ , 3 $ . Sept. 6, 30; 2 $ , i 9 . All 
taken on the prairie. 

Hippiscus tuberculatus (Pal. de B.) 

May 26, i $ ; June 3, 5, 9, 10, 19, 21, 23; 95 , 5 9 . Label- 
led : damp meadow, near woods, dry land, open meadow in 

Hippiscus maculatus Sc. 

June 2, 9, 19, 23 ; 7 $ , 5 $ . Labelled : dry prairie, dry sandy 
hill, dry sandy land. All the specimens before us have the 
disc of the wing very pale lemon yellow, with the exception 
of one male which has that part of the wing colored pale sal- 
mon pink. With the small amount of material at hand we 
are unable to decide the validity of the several closely allied 
species: Hippiscus maculatus, tigrinus, latifasciatiis and 
zapotccus (?). The series before us belongs assuredly to but 
one species ; we have used the name "maculatus" as the spec- 
imens agree with the description of that species, and of the 
species above mentioned this name has priority of date. As 
Dr. Walker has mentioned in his recent paper, Scudder's char- 
acters for this genus are almost wholly useless, and, in con- 
sequence, it probably contains numerous synonyms. 

Dissosteira Carolina (Linn.) 
July 30, 2 $ , i $ . All taken on a sand bank. 


Spharagemon collate (Sc.) 

Aug. 18, 27, 30; ii $ , 10 9 ; Sept. 6, i $ ; Oct. i, 2$ . Few 
of this series have the collar of the pronotum marked lighter 
than the general color of the insect. All taken on the prairie, 
many in sandy situations. 

Spharagemon bolli Sc. 

July 26, i $ ; Aug. 19, i 9 . Both specimens captured on the 

Mestobregma kiowa Thorn. 

July 26, 29; 12 $ , 5 5 ; Aug. 3, 26; i $ , i 9 . All taken on 
dry hillsides and prairie land. 

Trimerotropis agrestis .McN. 

Aug. 22; 17 $ , 8 9 . All taken in drifting sand. 

Circotettix undulatus Thorn. 

July 25, 26; 2$ , 3 9 ; Treesbank, Manitoba. The specimens 
were taken on a sand beach. 

Melanoplus atlanis Riley. 

July 10, 13, 14, 15, 1 6, 24; 105,99 : Aug. 11, 14, 18; 53, 
3 9 : Sep. 15, 16, 18, 25 ; 4 5 , i 9 : Oct. i ; 2 9 . All but six 
specimens of this series of thirty-four, have the caudal tibiae 
colored pale glaucous. Taken in dry fields, cultivated land, 
low lands and on the sandy prairie. 

Melanoplus dawsoni (Sc.) 

Aug. 3 ; r 9 : Sep. 15, 29 ; 3 $ , i 9 : Oct. i ; 3 $ , 2 9 . The 
series was captured on the dry prairie, on the edge of wet land 
and in meadowlands. All are brachypterous. 

Melanoplus gladstoni Sc. 

Aug. 15, 21, 22, 23 ; 6 5,3 9 : Sep. 15, 16, 18, 25, 29 ; 3 $ , 
6 9 : Oct. i, 2, 3 ; 3 $ , 3 9 . Almost the entire series was cap- 
tured on the prairie. A very few specimens were taken in the 
dry scrub and in damp meadow lands. 

Melanoplus femur-rubrum (DeG.) 
Aug. 30 ; i 9 . In meadow. 


Melanoplus extremus (Walk.) 

July i ; i 5 . In damp meadow. In this individual the teg- 
mina extend to the base of the genicular arch. 

Melanoplus angustipennis (Dodge). 

July 14, 15, 19; 4' $, i$ : Aug. 15; 4$, 2 9- : Sep. 8, 16; 
2 $ , 2 $ : Oct. i, 6; 8 $ , i 9 . Captured in the following locali- 
ties : dry field, dry edge of bush, low open bush, prairie, damp 
meadow, edge of wood. The low bush land seems to be the 
favorite habitat of this species. All the specimens in this 
series have red tibiae. 

Melanoplus packardii Sc. 

July 14, 15:45,9$. All taken in a dry field. 

Melanoplus minor (Sc.) 

June 22, 23 : i $ , i $ . The male was captured on dry land, 
the female in a damp meadow. 

Melanoplus luridus (Dodge). 

Aug. 3, 15, 30; 2 $ , i 5 : Sep. 16; i $ . Taken in low open 
bush, dry field and dry sandy land. 

Melanoplus bivittatus (Say). 

July 14, 15; 2$ , i $ : Aug. 19, 30; 5 $ : Oct. 1,6; 4$ . This 
series was captured in meadowlands and cultivated areas. 

Scudderia pistillata Brunn. 

Aug. 8, 9, ii, 14, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 27; ii $ , 5 9 . Labelled; 
in meadowland, in high weeds in meadow, among sandy hills, 
in dry bushy land; the last situation being apparently pre- 
ferred by this species. 

Conocephalus fasciatus (DeG.) 

Aug. 21, 22; i $ , 8 $ , i nymph. All taken in meadowland. 

Conocephalus saltans (Sc.) 

Aug. 3 ; i $ , i 5 - Taken on the prairie. 

Anabrus simplex Hald. 

July 18, 23 ; 4 $ . Captured on the prairie. 

Gryllus pennsylvanicus form neglectus Sc. 

June 21 ; 3 $ , 2 $. : Sep. 12, 13, 22, 23 ; 5 $ , 2 9 . 


9 Caudal Femur. Ovipositor. 

June 21 9.5 mm. n 

June 21 9.5 mm. n 

Sep. 12 9.5 mm. 16.5 

Sep. 23 10 mm. 17 

Nemobius fasciatus form abortivus Caud. 

Sep. 22; 4$ : Oct. 5, 6; 3.. The series was collected in 

Length, elytra, male, 4 to 4.5 mm., female 3 to 5 mm., poste- 
rior femora, male 4.5 to 5 mm., female 5.2-6 mm., ovipositor, 
5 to 8 mm. Two of the females have short rounded tegmina, 
these two' have ovipositors 5 and 7 mm. in length. 

A New Lestodiplosis. 

BY E. P. FELT, Albany, N. Y. 

The species described below was reared by Mr. C. H. T. 
Townsend of Piura, Peru, from Hemichionaspis minor Mas- 
kell, and submitted to the author for determination through 
Dr. L. O. Howard, Chief of the Federal Bureau of Entomol- 

Lestodiplosis peruviana n. sp. 

Male. Length, i mm. Antennae twice the length of the body^ 
rather thickly haired, yellowish, the basal nodes of the flagellate seg- 
ments slightly fuscous ; fourteen segments, the fifth having the two 
portions of the stem, each with a length about three and one-half 
times the diameter, the basal enlargement subglobose, with a sparse 
sub-basal whorl of long, stout setae and a well developed circumfilum, 
the loops of the latter extending nearly to the base of the distal en- 
largement, which latter is pyriform, has a length one-half greater than 
its diameter, a sparse whorl of long, stout setae and basal circumnlum 
with rather short loops; the distal node with loops reaching nearly 
to the apex of the segment; terminal segment having the basal por- 
tion of the stem with a length six times its diameter, the distal en- 
largement subcylindric with a length three times its diameter and nar- 
rowly rounded apically. Palpi; first segment probably quadrate, the 
second rectangular, with a length over twice its diameter, the third 
as long as the second, more slender, the fourth one-half longer than 
the third, more slender. Face probably yellowish. Mesonotum pre- 


sumably light brown, the submedian lines sparsely haired. Scutellum 
and post-scutellum presumably yellowish. Abdomen sparsely haired, 
apparently yellowish, with a fuscous spot basally. Wings faintly spot- 
ted near the middle of the third vein and along the branches of the 
fifth ; subcosta uniting with costa near the basal third, the third vein 
just before the apex, the fifth at the distal fourth, its branch near the 
basal half. Halteres yellowish, reddish orange subapically. Coxae 
yellowish; femora, tibiae and tarsi a variable fuscous straw; claws 
slender, evenly curved, simple, the pulvilli nearly as long as the claws. 
Genitalia ; basal clasp segment long, slender, with a small, triangular 
lobe at the internal basal angle; terminal clasp segment somewhat 
swollen basally ; dorsal plate long, deeply and triangularly emargin- 
ate, the lobes rounded and sparsely setose ; ventral plate probably 
broadly rounded, setose. Other structures indistinct. 

Larva. Length, 1.5 to 2 mm.; probably yellowish orange. Head 
long, tapering to a narrowly rounded apex. Antennae slender, taper- 
ing and with a length nearly twice the diameter of the head ; breast- 
bone apparently wanting, ocular spot indistinct. Skin finely 
shagreened, the segments dorsally, each with subdorsal, sublateral and 
lateral setae near the anterior third, the longest having a length equal 
to about half the body diameter; terminal segment reduced, with a 
diameter about half that of the preceding segments and distally with 
a median, rounded process. Conical, fleshy prolegs occur on body 
segments 2-10. 

The above descriptions were drafted from balsam mounts 
and the color characteristics as a consequence are hardly those 
of the living insect. 

A Day with Euchloe cethura. 

Euchloe cethura, a butterfly confined to Southern Cali- 
fornia, is a much to be desired prize. About Pasadena we 
looked for it minutely, but always without success, and it 
seems at the present time to have disappeared. In former 
years, however, it was taken here in considerable numbers and 
is said to have been abundant at Elysian Park, between this 
city and Los Angeles. 

Learning that it occurred quite commonly in the vicinity 
of San Bernardino, we decided to pay a visit there in quest 


of the little beauty, and incidentally pay our respects to Mr. 
William Greenwood Wright, the pioneer Lepidopterist and 
author of the "Butterflies of the West Coast." March 6th 
found Pasadena wrapped in a dense fog, and for a time we 
feared that our prospects were very meagre. However, after 
an hour's ride from Pasadena, passing through mile after mile 
of citrus groves, we were greeted by the sun shining forth un- 
hindered by fog or clouds. San Bernardino, with its snow 
capped mountains looming up behind it, was reached about 
ten, and we proceeded at once to F Street, where we were 
fortunate in finding Mr. Wright at home. Hearing we were 
fellow "bugologists" he greeted us with open arms and de- 
voted himself entirely to our entertainment. Several hours 
was spent in looking over his valuable and extensive collec- 
tions, with exception of his types which he has wisely placed 
in safe storage. Then, hitching up "the old hoss shay," we 
drove to Little Mountain, about two miles to the north of the 
city, accompanied by our host, who assured us we would be 
successful. After a hard scramble we reached the summit, 
and Mr. Wright, though he must be well along in the sixties, 
kept pace with us, giving one of the best illustrations of what 
the study of entomology accomplishes for her students, per- 
fect health in old age. 

In less than half an hour our first cethura was bagged, 
and before the day's hunt was over, seven more fell victims 
to our butterfly nets. One of the specimens taken is typical 
of E. cethura descrti which Mr. Wright, in his Butterflies of 
the West Coast, describes as a desert form of cethura. It 
seems, however, to be but an individual variant. Little atten- 
tion was paid to other species, but occasionally a specimen 
reached the "Happy Flying Grounds" via the unlimited Cya- 
nide Route. Thecla dumetorum was in its prime, flying in 
large numbers, and T. iroides was not uncommon. Up on the 
summit the little Alypia riding sii gyrated about and we could 
have taken a large series had we so desired. Now and then 
the swift Cotias eurydice whizzed by, and a stray Papilio soli- 


caon flew lazily about. Tlwuaos jnrenalis we found abundant, 
and several early Melitaea u'rightii and M. an gust a were net- 
ted. The everywhere P. rapac, E. sara reakirti and others 
were noticed. We had an additional pleasure in having the 
exact type localities of Melitaea zvrightii, M. an gust a and M. 
ccrrita pointed out to us. 

About three o'clock our appetites got the best of us, and 
in a half falling-sliding manner we returned to the buggy, 
where cold chicken, pie, and other related species of edibles 
awaited us. Needless to say, we were quite as successful with 
these as we had been with the butterflies. Still another pleas- 
ant hour remained before our train pulled out, and we found 
the time all too short. Mr. Wright ceremoniously labeled the 
day "Cerrita Day," after M. cerrita, over whose type locality 
we had sacrilegiously tramped. The laws of nomenclature 
compels us, to our regret, to change the name to "Wrightii 
Day," perhaps more appropriate, as cerrita was taken in com- 
pany with and appears to be but an extreme aberration of M. 
leanira wrighti Edwards. 

Truly, we shall look back with pleasure to "Wrightii Day" 
our first introduction to the dainty Euchloc ccthura, and to 
William Greenwood Wright, one of the few men now living 
who had for his contemporaries and friends such men as Wm. 
H. Edwards, Henry Edwards, Samuel H. Scudder, Hermann 
Strecker, and Dr. Behr. 

Euchaeria socialis The larval nest of this interesting 
species, closely allied to our Neophasia, is put to a curious use 
by the Mexicans in the Sierra Madres of Sonora. The nest, 
being of a tough and leathery texture, is deprived of its occu- 
pants and becomes metamorphosed into an excellent tobacco 
pouch. Many a senor, senora and dark-eyed senorita defty 
roll their cigaritos from species of "My Lady Nicotine" drawn 
from plundered larval nests of E. socialis. 

The Trustees of the Mass. Agric. College dedicated the new building 
for Entomology and Zoology Friday, Nov. n, 1910, at Amherst, Mass. 


[Jan., 'ii 

Standards of the number of eggs laid by Insects IX." 

Being Averages Obtained by Actual Count of the Combined Eggs 
from Twenty (20) Depositions or Masses. 




Date 1910 

No. counted 
per mass 


Av. per 
Egg Mass 

Max. Min. 



Sep. 20 















39 5 


4 8 



4 8 



























Oct. i 








































48 34 



The egg-capsules used here were taken from living females 
occurring in a kitchen of a hospital at Dunning (Chicago), 
Illinois, September 15, 1910; they had all been rotated. When 
the embryos neared perfectness they were dissected out and 
counted. This procedure is not necessary, however, for the 
outline of each egg is well denned exteriorly and their num- 
ber is easily determined. As a rule there are an equal number 
of eggs in both sides of any single capsule, hence the even 
numbers shown in the table. 

Wheeler (Journal of Morphology, Boston, III, 1889, p. 292) 
states that oviposition occurs at all times of the year. The 
same author (Ib., p. 301) gives the average number of eggs 

* For the first eight of this series, see ENT. NEWS, 1901 , p. 305 ; 1904, pp. 2-3 ; 1905, p. 
167 ; 1906, p. 6 ; 1907, p. 89 ; 1908, pp. 4, 383 ; 1909, pp. 355-357- 


iii a capsule (taken from 34 specimens) as being near 40 and 
the range from 28 to 58. "The number varies in different 
localities and is doubtless dependent on the food of the female 
insect. In several capsules obtained where amylaceous food 
was abundant the average was much higher than in a much 
greater number of capsules obtained from a place where fatty 
food was the only diet." 

In the same place on a later page (p. 302) he again states: 
"Taschenberg (46) claims that the female regularly lays only 
one capsule and dies soon after its deposition. My observa- 
tions on fifty females, whose wings were clipped as soon as 
they had formed their first capsule, have convinced me that 
they certainly lay two perfect capsules as a rule, and possibly 
more, in the course of the year." Wheeler is also certain that 
the young hatch without assistance from the female a fact easily 
observed by keeping egg-capsules isolated and protected from 
dryness. The young escape without difficulty from them. 

It follows from what has been written in this connection that 
the total number of eggs deposited by single females of this 
species will have to be determined by observation on living 
females kept under as natural conditions as possible. The 
number must average at or above 80. 

A New American Sitarine Beetle (Col., Lyttid.). 

BY CREIGHTON WELLMAN, Oakland, California. 

The writer recently received for determination from Pro- 
fessor S. J. Hunter, of the University of Kansas, a collection 
of Lyttidae secured last June by Mr. F. X. Williams, of the 
same University, in Gove County, Kansas. Among the speci- 
mens are a series found by Mr. Williams in bees' nests and 
which represent an interesting new species described in the 
following paper. 

These insects belong to the genus Hornia Riley (hitherto 
known to contain but a single species) which is the only genus 
representative of the Sitarini yet found in the western hem- 


isphere with the exception of the Old and New Mexican genus 
Lconidia Ckll. (containing two species) from which Hornia 
may be separated by the following table : 

1. (2) Antennae of 10 articles, abdomen partly membranous, claws 

unarmed Hornia Riley. 

2. (i) Antennae of 10 articles, abdomen entirely subcorneous, claws 

armed with a long basal spine Leonidia Ckll. 

The new Hornia may be characterized as follows : 

Hornia gigantea n. sp. 

Color, head dark castaneous with irregular ferrugineous markings 
on the frons and vertex, thorax black clouded with castaneous, scutel- 
lum brownish black, elytra transparently ferrugineous the sutural mar- 
gins slightly infuscate, abdomen with chitinous portions colored much 
as head and thorax, legs black ; head broadly triangular, back and 
sides with black pubescence ; labrum transverse, somewhat excavated 
on its upper surface, apically broadly rounded, the free edge thickly 
fringed with short golden hairs a few of which are paler and subsetac- 
eous, the lateral margins slightly raised, the punctuation finer and 
thicker towards the center; clypcus transverse, anterior border almost 
straight, sides and posterior border somewhat convex, punctuation 
rather stronger and more irregular than that of labrum; mandibles 
black, robust, rather sharply truncate ; labial palpi with last article longer 
than the other two and fusiform, the extreme apex knobbed; maxillary 
palfii with first article minute, second very long, obconical, third shorter, 
also obconical, the last rather shorter than preceding, fusiform (slight- 
ly obconical) apex broadly and roundly truncate; antennae submonili- 
form, first article shortly subglobose, second similar but smaller, third 
to tenth gradually becoming more cylindrical and slenderer, last article 
slightly loneer, apically narrowed and truncate, the joint between the 
tenth and eleventh articles indistinct; eyes small; neck distinct, head 
and thorax not closely joined; pronohim convex, almost subglobose, 
narrowed in front and behind, posterior margin everted, pubescence 
black and most abundant at sides; scuteUum transverse, roundly tri- 
angular, with a few deep punctures; elytra irregularly and roundly 
triangular, ora somewhat raised but not prominent, surface irregular- 
ly rugose, with a few erect black hairs; abdomen large, as in Meloe 
L., membranous, nine dorsal and seven ventral chitinous plates obvi- 
ously visible; legs with femora robust, sparsely pubescent, tibiae more 
strongly pubescent ; tarsi small, claws slender. 

Sexual characters : $ , the punctuation of the head is sparse, fine 
and deep, the antennae reach to the middle of the elytra (5.5 mm. in 


the type), the thorax is sparsely and finely punctured, a few coaise 
punctures intermixed in the center of the disk, the eyes are reniform, 
the scutellum small, the elytra about twice as large as in the 9 , and 
the front tibiae armed ; 9 , the head is more coarsely sculptured, the 
punctures being larger, thicker and more irregular, the antennae reach 
not quite to the middle of the thorax (3.5 mm. in type), the thorax is 
very coarsely and strongly punctured, especially on the anterior por- 
tion of the disk, the eyes are longly oval, the scutellum large, the 
elytra much smaller and more hairy than in the $, and the front tibiae 

Early stages: Exuvia of third larva hairless and unarmed, nymph 
Calmost completely transformed), $, much as in imago but not chiti- 

Length, $, TO mm.; width, 6.7 mm.; 9, length, 19 mm.; width, 7.2 
mm. (types); extremes, 24x9.5 mm. $, 14x5.1 mm. 9. 

Geog. Dist., Gove Co., Kansas (2813 ft.), June, 1910, "para- 
site in the nests of Anthophora occidentals," 17 specimens 
(F. X. Williams). 

Types ( $ , 9 , nymph, larval skin) in the collection of the 
University of Kansas; cotypes: eight in the collection of the 
University of Kansas, six in the writer's collection. 

The variation in the size of the elytra, in the color and in 
the dimensions of the specimens is considerable. They may 
be told at a glance from the only other species in the genus 
(minutipennis Rilev) by the marked difference in facies. The 
following table will facilitate the more exact separation of the 
two species : 

1. (2) Light ferrugineous, head slightly wider than pronotum, which 

is subparallel at sides minutipennis Riley. 

2. (i) Dark castaneous, head almost a third wider than pronotum, 

which is markedly arcuate at sides gigantea Wellm. 

The species just tabulated represent the extreme of degen- 
eration from parasitic habits as it occurs among the Lyttidae, 
and Mr. \Yilliams' discovery is most important, suggesting as 
it does that further careful examination of bees' nests may 
reveal other striking additions to our coleopterous fauna. 

PROFESSOR H. F. WICKHAM, Professor of Entomology at the State 
University of Iowa at Iowa City, Iowa, wrote in November : "Although 
entomology is entirely elective here, I have 100 students working at it." 


A new Bee from New York State 

By T. D. A. COCKERELL, Boulder, Colorado. 

I have just received from Dr. E. P. Felt a couple of speci- 
mens of Osmia, collected at Karner, N. Y., June 24, 1902. Dr. 
Felt writes that he has reared a parasite from the species, and 
is anxious to know its name. It proves to be new, and may be 
described as follows : 

Osmia felti n. sp. 

? . Length about 12-13 mm. ; head and thorax strongly and closely 
punctured, dark blue, suffused with green, especially on supraclypeal 
area, front, mesothorax, scutellums and metathorax ; head rather large. 
broad, cheeks large and swollen ; clypeus normal, very densely punc- 
tured, with the lower margin black, smooth and shining, straight, with- 
out teeth or emargination ; mandibles thick, tridentate; antennae black, 
scape punctured; no distinct malar space; hair of head and thorax 
above white, with a faint creamy tinge; a little fuscous hair about 
ocelli ; hair of face white, but of clypeus largely or moderately mixed 
with dark fuscous; lower part of cheeks with some fuscous hair: hair 
of thorax nowhere mixed with dark, that of pleura, metathorax etc. all 
white; area of metathorax wholly dull, granular, faintly rugulose at 
base; tegulae shining piceous; wings strongly brownish infuscated; 
b. n. going basad of t. m. ; legs black, not even the hind coxae metallic; 
middle femora swollen and obtusely angulate below ; hair of hind 
tarsi dark fuscous; abdomen shining, rather sparsely punctured, dark 
steel blue, with white hair on first segment, very short thin fuscous 
hair on the others, and a slight fringe of minute shining hairs (not 
making a visible band) on the third and following segments; sides 
with some white hair; ventral scnpa black; last dorsal segment with 
appressed pale yellowish hair. 

In all thin,?? this is very close to 0. densa Cresson, but 
densa has much long- coarse black hair on the face and front, 
the dark hair of the abdomen is longer and more evident, while 
the shining red or pale hair so evident on the middle basitarsus 
of densa is scarcely or not developed in felti. 

The type locality of 0. densa is Pike's Peak, Colorado. It ex- 
tends thence northwestward to Washington State. O. felti 
might be regarded as a geographical race or sub-species, but 
even so it would deserve recognition. 


Mallophaga from Bolivian Birds. 

By V. L. KELLOGG and J. H. PAIXE, Stanford University, 


The following" determinations and descriptions of new spe- 
cies of Mallophaga refer to a small collection of specimens 
from Bolivian birds in 1901 by the late Perry O. Simons. 
(This unfortunate collector of birds for the British Museum 
was murdered by Indians in the Bolivian mountains in 1902 


In Simons' notes the birds are listed only under Bolivian 
vernacular or descriptive English names, and we are unable 
to ascribe them with certainty to their proper species. The 
English names reveal at least their general sort, as duck, hum- 
ming bird, eagle, etc. 

Docophorus laticeps Giebel. 

Several specimens from the "white-headed oriole" (Choro, 
Bolivia, 3500 metres, dry season). 

Docophorus communis Nitzsch. 
Specimens from "bird" (Choro, Bolivia). 

Docophorus fissi-signatus n. sp. (Fig. 1.) 

Two females from "desert curlew" (Lagonillas, Bolivia). 
This species belongs to Piaget's type fisignati from the Spoon 

bills and Ibises and is the second of this type that we have 

found on curlews in this country. 

Description of female. Body length, 2.4 mm. ; width, 1.06 mm. 
Signature double. Head : Length, .66 mm. ; width, .68 mm. ; quite dark 
in color except for the clypeus ; signature double, somewhat lighter 
in color than the rest of the head except for its two posterior pro- 
longations ; margin and space between the portions of the signature 
transparent. Clypeus truncate; rounded on the angles, sides slightly 
diverging, suture distinct. The antennal bands extend over half the 
length of the clypeus. A prominent hair arises just forward of the 
termination of the antenn.-il band and another shorter one on the 
margin at the termination of this hand; also a short hair near the 
suture with another long one arising on the dorsal surface further 
forward ; a hair arising from the ventral surface extending beyond 



[Jan., 'n 

the lateral margin near the center. On the margin just behind the 
clypeal suture are three rather long hairs, a short one on the base of 
the trabeculae and a long one on the margin near the basal segment 
of the antennae. Temples broadly rounded with three long hairs and 
three short spines; a hair and one spine arising from the prominent 
eye. Occiput nearly straight, very slightly sinuous ; the occipital 
bands are prominent and are prolonged in the antennals. Second seg- 
ment of antennae nearly as long as the last three; third shortest; sec- 
ond and third very light in color, the basal and terminal two being 
somewhat darker. 

Thorax shorter than head and nar- 
rower; length, .4 mm. Prothorax, a 
trifle less than half that length; 
quadrangular with a lateral marginal 
band which also extends along the 
posterior margin nearly to the center. 
Median portion of segment light in 
color. Metathorax with sides di- 
verging, posterior angles broadly 
rounded and posterior margin con- 
vex ; a row of pustulated hairs ex- 
tends around from the straight 
diverging sides half way to the center 
of the posterior margin. There are 
two blotches leaving a narrow un- 
colored line down the center ; darker 
marginal bands extend from the an- 
terior angles to the median uncolored 
FIG. i Docophorus fissi-signatus n. s. 9 line. 

Abdomen elliptical with segments of nearly equal length except the 
ninth, which is very small and bilobed; color pale except for the 
dark, sharply denned, triangular transverse blotches on the first seven 
segments which extend in about two-thirds of the way to the center; 
These segments also have pitchy lateral bands. A spiracle occurs in 
a clear space on segments two to seven. The eighth segment is dark 
in color except along the margin ; two hairs arise near the center of 
this segment from clear pustules. The last two segments are round- 
ed, the eighth with straight, almost parallel lateral sides, and a 
fringe of hairs on the posterior margin. There is a row of hairs 
across the middle of each of the preceding segments and several in 
each posterior angle. 

Vol. xxii] 



Nirmus fuscus Nitzsch. 

Several specimens from "hawk" (Cochabamba, Bolivia) ; 
also from "hawk" (Charuplaya, Bolivia). 

Lipeurus temporalis Nitzsch. 
Several specimens from "river duck" (Charuplaya, Bolivia). 

Lipeurus epiphanes n. sp. (Fig. 2.) 

Male and female from "desert curlew" (Lagonillas, Bo- 

Description of female. Body length, 2.88 mm. ; width, .56 mm. 
Head : Length, .6 mm. ; width, .34 mm. ; conical. Clypeus parabolic 
in front, sides almost straight and parallel ; edge transparent with 
signature concentric to it ; suture distinct ; a rather long hair at the 

FIG. 2 Lipeurus epifihanes n. sp. a, female; 6, tactile hairs ( f the postero-latcral 
angle of the metalhorax ; c, head of male ; d, last abdominal segments of male. 

angle between the straight side and the parabolic front, and three 
long ones at the suture. Sides of head behind the clypeal suture 
straight, diverging to the antennae and bordered by the prominent 
antennal bands; these bands turn inward at the clypeal suture, fol- 


lowing it and almost meeting at the center; three hairs, evenly spaced, 
on the margin between the clypeal suture and the short trabeculae 
and another one arising on the ventral surface extending beyond the 
margin at a point between the anterior two of those mentioned above. 
From a point near the posterior ends of the antennal bands arise two 
internal bands which extend obliquely inward a short distance, then 
curve forward and run parallel to the posterior lateral angles of the 
clypeal signature. A narrow dark band extends entirely around the 
posterior part of the head connecting the ocular bands ; temples al- 
most straight and slightly converging behind the eyes, rounded at 
the posterior angles ; occipital margin concave ; occipital bands nar- 
row, distinct. Eye prominent with a short hair on the dorsal sur- 
face and a short spine at its posterior margin ; six short hairs and 
spines on the temples. Antennae pale, second segment as long as the 
last two, third segment shortest. In the male antenna the first seg- 
ment is large and about as long as the following three segments to- 
gether ; the second segment comes next in length and the fourth is 
the shortest; the third has a narrow pointed appendage; there is a 
horseshoe-shaped blotch at the base of the first segment. 

Thorax trapezoidal ; prothorax quadrilateral, with sides slightly di- 
verging behind; coxae show through plainly; length, 16 mm.; width, 
28 mm. Metathorax length, .36 mm. ; width at posterior angles, .4 
mm.; sides diverging behind; posterior angles rounded; lateral mar- 
gins notched at a point about one-third the distance from the an- 
terior angles with a dark blotch, probably marking the suture be- 
tween the metathorax and mesothorax. There are six hairs arising 
from the dorsal surface in the posterior angles ; the outer one is very 
long and arises from a large curious papilla; the second is short, 
arising from a small papilla ; the other four are very long and close 
together in a group. (See b, Fig. 2.) 

The abdomen is long and rather narrow, expanding slightly to the 
fourth segment which is widest ; last segment bilobed, straight across 
the posterior margin in the male. There are narrow dark lateral 
bands on each segment except the last and transverse .blotches, which 
extend about a third the way across the body, and there are also 
faint lengthwise median blotches. Each lateral band extends into 
the segment in front and has two long appendages which curve back 
making a clear space in the anterior margin of the transverse blotch 
of the segment to which the lateral band belongs. The blotch on 
the last segment is median and bilobed ; the margin of this segment 
is transparent. There are about six hairs on each segment except the 
last, and several hairs in the posterior angles. In the male the pos- 
terior margin of the last segment is straight. The genitalia of the 
male are as shown in Fig. 2, d. 


Goniodes aliceps Tasch. 

Four specimens from "Colloma" (San Ernesto, Bolivia), 
"Colloma" being merely the local name, we are able to make 
from it no determination of the bird, but from the kinds of 
its parasites we can say, almost with certainty, that it is some 
species of Tinamou, probably Cryf>tnrus sp. 

Goniodes agonus Nitzsch. 

Six specimens, including one 
male, from "Colloma" (San Ernes- 
to, Bolivia) collected with G. ali- 
ceps. The male of the curious 
species has not heretofore been re- 
corded. Our male specimen unfor- 
tunately has the head damaged and 

FIG. 3 Last abdominal segments 

of Goniodes agonus Nitzsch. c? the antennae lost. We figure (fig. 
3) the last segments of the abdomen which differ greatly from 
the female. 

Colpocephalum osborni Kellogg. 

Several specimens from "red-headed bustard" (Choro, Boli- 
via, 3700 metres, dry season). 

Colpocephalum flavescens Nitzsch. 

Two females from <|l hawk" (Charuplaya, Bolivia, 1350 
metres, dry season) : 

Menopon maestum Kellogg and Chapman. 
Three specimens from "bird" (Choro, Bolivia). 

Menopon sp. (juv.). 
One specimen from "blue finch" (Choro, Bolivia). 

Trinoton luridum Nitzsch. 
One specimen from "river duck" (Charuplaya, Bolivia). 

Trinoton lituratum Nitzsch. 
Two specimens from "river duck" (Charuplaya, Bolivia). 


Laemobothrium sp. 

Two specimens from "grasshopper hawk" (Charuplaya, 
Bolivia). Although this species differs obviously from any 
Laemobothrium yet described in satisfactory manner, we 
shall not add a new species to this genus until the existing 
species determinations have been thoroughly revised. The 
genus is at present in a simply impossible condition. 

Physostomum doratophorum Carriker. 

Several specimens from three (three species?) "humming- 
birds." (Choro. Bolivia.) 

A New Genus of Nomadine Bees. 

BY S. A. ROHWER, Washington, D. C. 

Some time ago Professor T. D. A. Cockerell requested in- 
formation as to the generic position of Pasites pilipes Cresson. 
Late in October, Mr. J. C. Crawford, Jr., examined Cresson's 
type, which is in Philadelphia, making sure that the speci- 
mens in the U. S. National Museum were the same species as 
the type. On examination it was found that this species rep- 
resents a new generic, or subgeneric, group in the family 
Nomadidae, differing from Pasites and the other genera in a 
number of points. The accompanying figures were made from 
camera lucida sketches : 

Nomadosoma new genus. 

Type of the genus: Pasites pilipes Cresson (Cuba). 

Rather small bees of Nomadine habitus ; smooth and shin- 
ing; mandibles simple; maxillary palpi as in figure i; labial 
palpi four-jointed, the two basal joints as in figure 2, the two 
apical joints were accidentally broken ; third antennal joint but 
little shorter than joints four and five; frontal carina almost 
wanting; scutellum flat, level with the mesonotum, somewhat 
depressed in the posterior middle ; anterior coxae with short 
tubercles, which are more distinct in the male, legs of the fe- 
male more hairy than in male, and more hairy than in most 

Vol. xxii] 


Holarctic species of Nomada; gaster as in Nomada, except 
that it is more flattened in female, with the venter more than 


normally pubescent, tergal segments shining very sparsely 
punctured; last apical segment of the male entire; fore wing 
as in figure 3, hind wings normal for Nomada. 

FIG. i. Maxillary palpi of Nomadosoma pilipes (Cresson , with the articulating maxilla. 

The shining appearance, flat scutellum and two cubital cells 
distinguish this at once from its allies. In Robertson's tables 
(Can. Ent. Vol. 35, 1903, p. 173, etc.) Nomadosoma runs in 
with Plwr Robertson and Holonomada Robertson. The male 

FIG. 2. Two 

fo basal joints of labial palpi and tongue of Nomadosoma pilipes (Cresson). 


runs to Holonomada Robertson. If the cox?e were said to be 
spined both sexes would run. to Ciphen Robertson. 

In Ashmead's tables (Tr. Am. Ent. Soc., Vol. 27, 1899, p. 
49, etc.) it will not run satisfactorily. 

In Cockerell and Atkin's table based on the trophi (Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 7, Vol. 10, July, 1902, p. 42, etc.) Noma- 
dosoma runs to Nomada fucata Panzer. 

Pasites Jurine, Biastcs Panzer and Nomadita Mocsary be- 
long to the Nomadinse and have two cubital cells. Pasites and 
Biastes have the gaster of the female of the cylindrical Noma- 
dine type, the third antennal joint is much shorter than four 
plus five, the frontal carina is strong, the body is strongly 
punctured ; Pasites has the radial cell truncate and the scutel- 
lum bilobate ; Biastes has the scutellum rounded. Nomadita 
Mocsary, which is known from the male only, may have the 
venation as in Heminomada Cockerell, but as it is compared 
with Biastes perhaps has the venation as in that genus. It has, 
however, a strong frontal carina and the "scutellum bitubercu- 

Heminomada Cockerell has the first transverse cubitus (not 
the second) wanting, and differs in many other ways from 

Nomadosoma pilipes (Cresson). 

Cresson (Proc. Ent. Soc. Phila., Vol. 4, 1865, p. 183) de- 
scribed his Pasites pilipes as follows : 

"Chestnut-brown, polished; sides of face, clypeus, collar, tubercles, 
two spots on pleura, postscutellum and narrow bands on abdomen, 
white; hind legs of $ densely pilose; wings hyaline, costa- apical mar- 
gin fuscous. 

"Female. Chestnut-brown polished, clothed with pale pubescence; 
face flat, highly polished, impunctate ; sides of the face obscurely, 
and the clypeus, whitish; cheeks and labrum densely pubescent; anten- 
nae piceous, paler at base. Thorax indistinctly punctured, pleura and 
metathorax rather densely clothed with silvery-white pubescence; a 
line on the collar, tubercles, two spots on pleura, two small spots on 
scutellum, and the post-scutellum, white; scutellum slightly subbilo- 
bate; tegulce brown, the outer margins pale. Wings hyaline, faintly 
tinged with fuscous, slightly iridescent, the costa-apical margin broad- 

Vol. xxii] 


ly fuscous. Legs chestnut-brown, clothed with pale pubescence, which 
is long and dense on the posterior tibiae and tarsi; posterior coxas dilated 
and flattened, with a whitish spot at tip. Abdomen broadly ovate, 
convex, polished, rather densely clothed with short pale pubescence 
on the sides and apex; on the middle of the first, second, fourth and 
fifth segments above, a narrow, rather uneven, whitish fascia, that on 
the fourth segment interrupted on the middle ; on each extreme side 
of the third segment a short, narrow, whitish line ; apical segment trun- 
cate, densely clothed with fuscous pubescence ; beneath chestnut-brown, 
immaculate. Length 3^ lines; expanse of wings 6 l /2 lines. 

"Male. Resembles the female, except the abdomen is longer, not 
so broad, and pointed at tip as in males of Nomada; the posterior legs 
are not densely pilose as in the $ . Length 3 lines ; expanse of wings 
5 l / 2 lines. 

"Collection. Ent. Soc. Phila. Two specimens. 

"This species has much the general appearance of a Noma- 
da, and in the $ specimen, the only difference I can see is, that 
the anterior wings have only two submarginal cells, instead of 

FIG. 3. Anterior wing of Nomadosoma pilipes (Cresson). 

three ; but in the 9 , the form is more robust, and the hind 
legs are densely pilose, which is never the case in the females 

of Nomada." 

The chestnut color in the specimens in the U. S. National 
Museum is replaced almost entirely by black. The female 
came from Cuba, the male was collected by Mr. A. Busck at 
Baracoa, Cuba, Aug., 1902. 

PROFESSOR W. M. WHEELER, of the Department of Economic Ento- 
mology Bussey Institution, Harvard University, started on his vaca- 
tion November i and spent some days in the Huachuca Mountains, 


The Musical Habits of Some New England Orthop- 

tera in September. 

By H. A. ALLARD, United States Department of Agriculture, 

Washington, D. C. 

Primarily to become better acquainted with the call notes of 
some New England katydids and grasshoppers, the writer 
spent the first three weeks of September, 1910, at Oxford, 
Mass. Throughout this period the days and evenings were 
pleasantly occupied in rambles through the fields and pastures 
in the beautiful Fort Hill region.* The stridulations of a num- 
ber of musical Orthoptera were carefully studied. Observa- 
tions concerning these may be of some aid to those who have 
become interested in the habits of musical insects. 

The following species, including a few unmusical ones, were 
observed or captured: 

In the fields and meadows : Orchelimum vulgar e Harris ; 
ConocepJialus ensiger Harris; Amblycorypha rotiindifolia 
Scudd. ; Scudderia texensis S. & P. ; Scudderia furcata Brun- 
ner ; Xiphidium fasciatuin DeG. ; Xiphidium brevipcnne Scudd. ; 
Gryllus pennsylvanicus Burm. ; Nemobins fasciatus (vittatus) 
Harris; Stenobothrns curtipcnnis Harris; Melanoplus femora- 
ius Burm. ; Encoptolophus sordidus Burm. In weeds, vines 
and shrubbery: Occanthus niveus DeG.; Oecanthus angusti- 
pennis Fitch; Oecanthus nigricornis Walker; Oecanthus quad- 
ripunctatus Beut. Beneath leaves in damp localities: Ne- 
mobius palustris Blatchley. In wells, beneath stone piles, etc. : 
Ceuthophilus maculatus Harris. In lofty trees: Cyrtophyllus 
perspicillatus Linn.t 

* About Sept. 22 the writer spent several days at Crestwood, Yon- 
kers, N. Y. During warm, sunny afternoons many males of Con- 
ocephalus triops, Linn., were stridulating in the fields and meadows. 
In a small area hardly larger than 25 square feet, and overgrown with 
grass, weeds and asters the writer captured half a dozen specimen^. 
The note is a keen continuous z-z-z-z-z-z-z-z. This Conocephalus is 
probably common throughout western and southern Connecticut, as 
the writer heard the same stridulation in this region on his way into 
New York from Providence. 

f. The writer is indebted to Mr. A. N. Caudell, of the U. S. Nation- 
al Museum, who has kindly confirmed or made all identifications of 
Orthoptera listed in this paper. 


The writer arrived at Mr. Howard's farm on Fort Hill in 
the afternoon of August 29, 1910. At this time the nights had 
become very cool, damp and autumn-like. Light frosts were 
expected in low grounds in some localities. As far as the eye 
could see across the hills, the fields were a fresh, alluring emer- 
ald green. Hosts of stridulating creatures were active by day 
and by night, producing a chorus of soothing sounds and har- 

In the clover fields and in the weeds by the roadsides were 
small colonies of Orchclimum nil gar e Harris. The notes of 
this locust are rather soft, and are delivered in a leisurely man- 
ner, tsip-tsip-tsip-tseeeeeeeeeeeeeee. This locust is a late sum- 
mer species and stridulates persistently by night as well as by 
day. At night, especially if the weather is chilly, its notes are 
not as brisk and as persistent as the day notes. Scudder says 
of its notes : "The night song differs from that of the day 
simply in its slower movement ; the pitch of both is at B flat, 
two octaves above middle C." 

I. ate in the evening and well into the night Conocephalus 
ensiger Harris, adds to the noisy chorus of insect sounds. This 
locust prefers the fresh herbage of cultivated fields, and is es- 
pecially to be looked for in the fields of corn. One oftentimes 
finds a noisy singer verched 6 or 7 feet from the ground on a 
corn stalk or tassel. 

The call notes of this Conocephalus are intermittent and fol- 
low each other Bather briskly, tsip-tsip-tsip-tsip. These stridu- 
lations are continued indefinitely, and. to the writer's ears, lack 
any decided harshness or buzzing characteristic of C. bnineri 
and others. They are rather soft and lisping, recalling to mind 
the staccato lisps of an Orchelimum. C. ciisigcr is the only 
species with which the writer has become acquainted in this 
regior It is a very common species in nearly all upland lo- 
calities. One sometimes meets with it in large colonies among 
the luxuriant weeds and grasses in lowlands. 

McNeill says of this Conocephalns: "Its song is a loud 
rasping zip-zip-zip repeated indefinitely." He also states that 


it recalls the staccato lisps of Orchdimum vulgare. The last 
comparison is more accurate, since the notes of this Cono- 
cephalus do not impress me as at all rasping. 

A very common katydid at this season is the pretty Ambly- 
corypha rotundifolia Scndd. Its notes may be heard at all 
times during the day as well as during: warm nights. This 
Amblycorypha occurs everywhere in the grass, weeds and 
shrubbery of fields and pastures. It was especially abundant 
among the shrubby pasture growths, consisting mainly of spe- 
cies of Vaccinium, Gaylnssacia, Kahma angnstifolict, and the 
two species of Spiraea, i. e., tomcntosa and salicifolia. Its 
notes are soft and lisping and continue indefinitely. They may 
be expressed thus : Tsip-i-tsip-i-tsip-i-tsip-i-tsip. These stridu- 
lations recall the dainty lispings of part of the song of Am- 
blycorypha ithleri. The writer's observations of its stridula- 
tions are very similar to those of Scudder. 

Scudderia texensis S. & P. prefers particularly the open grass 
and clover fields. At Oxford, Mass., the writer has studied 
two distinct methods of stridulation produced at will by this 
Scudderia. The usual note heard from Massachusetts to Geor- 
gia is a soft sh-sh-sh-sh-sh-sh occasionally repeated. This note 
is produced by a rapid shuffling of the wings very briefly. At 
other times and much more rarely the call consists of a succes- 
sion of sharp, keen, distinctly rasping notes slowly delivered, 
/eet-zeet-zeet-zeet. These notes, which are so unlike the usual 
call, are usually answered at once in a similar manner by an- 
other individual elsewhere. One is at first tempted to assign 
them to some other insect. 

By creeping carefully toward a musician, the writer has 
watched this mode of stridulation close at hand. The tegmina 
are very slowly and deliberated opened and rasped upon each 
other slowly several times. These notes are really more in 
keeping with the incisive notes of other Scudderias. It is evi- 
dent that these notes are not accidental. They probably convey 
some definite meaning to other individuals within earshot. 

Scudderia texensis becomes noisy as soon as the afternoon 


sun gets low, and continues to stridulate into the evening. 
These locusts sometimes congregate in small colonies of half 
a dozen or more in favored spots. It is a persistent singer, al- 
though its notes are delivered at rather irregular and infrequent 
intervals, a characteristic of most Scudderias. I have as yet 
noted only the usual sh-sh-sh-sh at Thompson's Mills, Georgia, 
where it is very common. 

Scnddcria fnrcata Brunner, is possibly less common in cen- 
tral Massachusetts than the preceding species. At least it is 
much less frequently heard in stridulation. Its calls are de- 
livered only at long and irregular intervals, and consist of a 
single, keen, incisive zeep, or sometimes three slowly in suc- 
cession, zeep-zeep-zeep. 

One warm, sunn}' afternoon in early September, 1910, in 
order to locate and capture one of these katydids which had 
just produced its single zeep. the writer lay down on the grass 
in the vicinity and waited. The insect did not repeat its note 
until nearly two hours later, after which the capture was easily 
made. This katydid stridulates during afternoons and less 
frequently at night. Its call is delivered only at long and ir- 
regular intervals, so that much patience must be exercised to 
locate a singer. Riley's description of the notes of Scndderia 
fnrcata is very exact: "It consists of a softer zeep, zeep, 
sometimes uttered singly but generally thrice in succession." 

A few times the writer has heard in this locality as late as 
the last week of October the single incisive zeep of some be- 
lated katydid. The call usually issued from the green foliage 
of some shrub or apple tree which had delayed shedding the 
leaves. It is possible that this was the call of Scndderia fnr- 
cata. Scndderia texensis had long since become silenced by 
the cold days and nights of this season. 

The tiny Xiphidhun fasciatnm DeG. prefers the tangles of 
weeds and grasses bordering the grass fields, and may often- 
times be found in large colonies. Its notes are extremely faint, 
and in manner of delivery are the exact counterpart of an 
Orchelimum's notes. The staccato lisps nearly always precede 


the phrase tseeeeeeeeeeeeeee. The entire song may be writ- 
ten thus: Tip-tip-tip-tseeeeeeeeeeeeeee. The entire stridula- 
tion is so faint as to escape the hearing. The staccato lisps, 
tip-tip-tip, were so faint the writer could hear them only by 
the closest attention, although the wings could be seen in mo- 
tion at the time. 

At this season of the year, with the usual New England 
breezes stirring the herbage violently, and accompanied by the 
incessant chirpings of Gryllns pcnnsylvanicus and Nemobius 
fasciatns rittatus, the attenuated lispings of Xiphidium fascia- 
turn became quite inaudible. It seems as if the notes of the 
New England individuals are considerably fainter than those 
the writer has studied in Northern Georgia. Representing 
graphically the preceding staccato lisps by dots and the pro- 
longed phrases tseeeeeeeeeeeeeee by dashes, the successive 
notes of an individual which the writer observed in a box 
were thus: 

It is evident that from three to six staccato lisps preceded each 
time the phrase tseeeeeeeeeeeeeee. This method of repre- 
senting the notes at once shows the relative frequency of the 
staccato lisps and the longer phrases, as these vary greatly with 
different species, both Xiphidiums and Orchelimums. 

McNeil says of Xiphidium fasciatum : "Its song is a faint 
echo of that of Orchelimum vulgare. with the zip-zip omitted." 
He speaks also of its "faint little quaver." It is evident that 
McNeil had failed to catch the staccato lisps which are always 
present in the call notes of this tiny locust. 

Another tiny Xiphidium occurring in all situations in com- 
pany with Xiphidium fasciatum is Xiphidium brcvipenne 
Scudd. It is possibly less common in this locality than fascia- 
tum. The writer could not determine its stridulations in the 
field, so a number of males and females were placed in a paste- 
board box together with some grass. In a few minutes a num- 
ber were in continuous song throughout the afternoon and 
night. The stridulations of this Xiphidium are the least audi- 


ble of any locust the writer has ever observed. Although a 
persistent singer, the notes become inaudible only a few feet 
away. In the fields they are quite lost amidst the sounds of 
rustling foliage, the chirpings of crickets, etc. 

The notes of Xiplridiiim brcvipcnne are very brief and much 
more hurried in their delivery than those of X. fasciatum. In 
this respect they approach more nearly the dainty stridulations 
of X. nemorale Scudd. In the song of X. brevipenne usually 
only one or two almost inaudible staccato lisps precede one, 
two or even three of the brief, faint phrases, tseeeeeee-tseeeeee. 
The phrases tseeeee are of much longer duration in the song of 
X. fasciatum, and are rarely heard without the preceding stac- 
cato lisps which are of indefinite number. 

Graphically represented, the notes of an individual X. brevi- 
penne were as follows: . .- 

Gryllus pennsylvanicus Burm., at this season may be found 
in great numbers crawling over the grassy upland fields chirp- 
ing incessantly in the sunshine. Its notes in New England are 
always a brief intermittent musical chirp-chirp-chirp. 

Nemobins fasciatus (t'ittatus') DeG. occupies the grassy fields 
and pastures everywhere, trilling incessantly during the hours 
of sunshine. In some localities the trill is very brief and 
shrill tiiii-tiiii-tiiii. In others the trill is exceedingly high and 
indefinitely prolonged ti-ti-ti-ti-ti-ti-ti-ti. The prolonged tril- 
lers appear to be confined almost entirely to dry, grassy, up- 
land situations. The intermittent singers seem to prefer low, 
wet grounds. This distribution is rather clearly defined. 


Piers who has carefully studied some of the Nova Scotia 
Orthoptera, found this Nemobius exceedingly abundant in the 
fields around Halifax.* His excellent description of its inter- 
mittent notes is as follows: "Its notes are one of the most 
familiar sounds of autumn and are heard both during the day 
and night. The stridulation is produced by lifting the wing 
covers about 45 degrees above the abdomen and then shuffling 
them together producing a sound resembling the word plee-e-e-e 
plee-e-e-e plee-e-e-e or cree-e-e-e. It has been suggested that 
these notes can be reproduced by taking a silver half dollar be- 
tween the fingers and striking the coin with the edge of a 

A very common little grasshopper in nearly all warm, sunny, 
grassy situations is Stcnobothrus cnrtipennis Harris. The 
writer found this insect particularly common in dry upland 
fields with a sunny southern exposure. Small colonies were 
always evident by their brief faint silken lispings several times 
repeated at irregular intervals. This little Acridian is heard 
only during the day. Its stridulations are produced by sawing 
the inner surface of both thighs simultaneously against the 
edges of the tegmina. Blatchley finds it more abundant in In- 
diana in damp grounds near tamarack swamps. 

Melanoplns fcmoratus Burm., and Encoptolophus sordidns 
Burm., are two common field insects in late summer and early 
autumn. The former is clumsy and apparently unmusical. 
The latter is a vigorous flyer and produces a lively crepitation 
during its flight movements over the fields. 

Four fragile-bodied musical tree crickets occupy almost ex- 
clusively the shrubbery and vines. These are all species of 
Oecanthus, namely, 0. mveus, O. angustipenms, O. nigricornis 
and O. quadripimctatus. 

Oecanthus niveus DeG. is usually called the fall cricket. 
This beautiful pearly-winged creature takes up its abode in 
our grape arbors, hedges, etc. Its notes are low, deep-toned. 

*. '''Preliminary Notes on the Orthoptera of Nova Scotia," hy 
Harry Piers, in Proceedings and Transactions of the Nova Scotia 
Institute of Science, Vol. IX, 1895-96. 


and solemn in their effect upon the mind. Single singers some- 
times continue to stridulate by day, but the great synchronal 
chorus begins at evening. If the night is warm and moon- 
light, waves of solemn, rhythmical music soon swing backward 
and forward between the hedges. It is worth while to hear 
this grand, antiphonal serenade, for it induces a peculiar, in- 
describable psychic state an intermingling of sadness and re- 
poseful meditation. It is a "slumbrous breathing" to the mind 
of Thoreau. Hawthorne calls it an "audible stillness" which 
"if moonlight could be heard, it would sound like that." Laf- 
cadio Hearn in Japan may as well have heard these same sol^ 
emn cricket sounds when he wrote: "The pleasure-pain of 
autumn's beauty, the weird sweetness of the voices of the 
night, the magical quickening of remembrance by echoes of 
forest and field." This tree cricket sings until the nights be- 
come so cold that the intermittent c-r-e-a-k c-r-e-a-k is very 
slowly delivered. The notes of this cricket have been more 
carefully described than the notes of most other species, by 
Davis, McNeil, Fitch, Burroughs, Thoreau, Hawthorne and 

Scudder's description of the song of Oecanthns niretis does 
not well apply to the intermittent notes of this cricket. He 
says : "The song of the male is an exceedingly shrill and rapid 
continuous trill ; its 'dry rosined wings' must play upon each 
other with wonderful rapidity, for at its slowest, and the rapid- 
ity varies somewhat, there are at least sixteen beats a second ; 
the trill is nearly uniform and lasts for from two or three sec- 
onds to a minute or two."* The shrill pitch and the prolong- 
ed trill make it very probable that Scudder had heard the trill 
of 0. nigricornis or 0. quadripunctatus. McNeil aptly re- 
marks that Scudder's description and musical notation of 
ui; ens "seems to be the song of fasciatus." 

Oecanthns angnstipennis Fitch, is considerably less com- 
mon than the other species of Oecanthns at Oxford, Mass. It 
prefers the abundant foliage of the sweet fern, and is very 

*. "Some American Crickets," by S. H. Scudder, in Harper's Maga- 
zine, Vol. XCIII, October 1896. 


musical on cloudy days and at night. It may sometimes be 
heard in low trees. This tree cricket appears to be more sus- 
ceptible to cold than the others, and sooner becomes silent at 
the approach of autumn. Its notes are a faint, intermittent 
phrase treeeeeee with nearly equal intervals of silence in- 
tervening. Davis accurately describes it as "a faint, continu- 
ous whir, lasting- only about five seconds, with an equal inter- 
val of rest." Blatchley's description is very similar. W. Faxon* 
describes them as "consisting of a trill of several seconds' 
duration succeeded by a short pause; this song suggests the 
spring note of the toad heard afar off." 

Occanthns nigricornis Walker is not as arboreal in its habits 
as the preceding species. It dwells among weeds, grass and 
golden rods nearly everywhere in fields and pastures. Its song 
is a steady, quavering, sustained trill. The trill of some in- 
dividuals is strong, deep and rich-toned, recalling the mellow 
trill of 0. latipennis. The pitch and volume of sound vary 
noticeably with different individuals of this species. This 
Oecanthus is a common species at Oxford, Mass., in August 
and September. 

Oecanthus quadripunctatus Beut. is also a common species, 
preferring the same environment of weeds and low shrubs as 
0. nigricornis. The writer has been unable to find any con- 
stant differences which serve to distinguish the trills of these 
two species. That of 0. quadripunctatus is long sustained and 
sometimes shrill. The notes of other individuals are stronger 
and deeper-toned, recalling the melodious trill of O. latipennis 
as do those of 0. nigricornis. The stimulations of 0. qnadri- 
punctatus in New England have always seemed louder and 
lower-toned to the writer than the weaker and shriller trilling 
of the same species in Northern Georgia. This Oecanthus is 
a persistent triller throughout the days and nights. Faxon 
says: "Song similar to No. 3 (meaning 0. nigricornis} but 
clearer in tone and no doubt sufficiently distinct on close ac- 

*. "Habits and Notes of the New England Species of Oecanthus," 
by Walter Faxon, in Psyche, Vol. 9, No. 300, April 1901. 


quaintance." The writer has not yet been able to distinguish 
them this readily. 

Beneath the matted leaves and grass in damp spots and 
gullies by the roadsides, and in low, wet grounds the little 
Nemobius palustris Blatchley, dwells. In such situations 
small colonies of four or five individuals may be heard in 
stridulation. The striclulation of this pretty Nemobius is a 
faint, quavering, high pitched trill almost indistinguishable 
from the trill of the more southern Nemobius janus Kirby. 
The notes of these two species are so closely alike that the 
writer thought he had heard N. palustris around Washington, 
D. C. It proved to be the trill of N. janus, however. Its \veak 
trill and the habit of keeping well concealed beneath stones 
and leaves, together with its local and irregular distribution in 
any locality have no doubt caused this little cricket to be many 
times overlooked. In comparison with N, fasciatus vittatus, it 
is not an especially common species at Oxford, Mass. A 
naturalist, how r ever, familiar with its habits and stridulation 
could capture a fair supply of specimens in this region. It is 
a very shy cricket and can rarely be seen in stridulation. 

The writer has taken Ceuthophilus maculatus Harris, several 
times at Oxford, Mass. Once or twice it was found deep down 
in the crevices of a stone pile, and at other times in crannies 
in covered wells. It is an unmusical insect. 

At Oxford, Mass., the big katydid, Cyrtophyllus perspic Hia- 
tus L., is not especially common judging from the numbers 
heard in song at different localities. In some localities it is en- 
tirely absent, especially in the West Oxford district. Each 
year one or two small colonies may be heard in some big 
maples on Mr. Howard's farm near Fort Hill. It is an ex- 
ceedingly common and noisy insect in some big woods near 
Quinnebaug, Connecticut. 

This katydid stridulates almost entirely after dark, although 
its notes are sometimes heard during the day. There are few 
insect stridulations as loud, rasping and grating as those of 
Cyrtoplivllus perspicillatus. It is not by any means an easy 


matter to locate and capture one of these insects on the topmost 
branches of a maple. The writer heard a few of these katy- 
dids on Fort Hill as late as September 20, 1910. 

At this season when the nights were coolest the notes of this 
katydid were so slowly and difficultly delivered that they had 
become almost painfully rasping- and grating in character. One 
dark, windy night the writer spent an hour or more trying to 
locate a male in the top of a lofty maple. By the aid of lighted 
matches the position of the insect was located. The insect was 
so benumbed with cold that it could barely rasp its tegmina 
upon each other. 

Scudder says that its stridulation "has a shocking lack of 
melody * * so that the air is filled by these noisy trou- 

badours with an indescribably confused and grating clatter." 

In many respects autumn is a particularly favorable season 
for the study of musical insects. Insects are very susceptible 
to changes of temperature. Many musical insects, which in 
midsummer stridulate almost entirely after dark, gradually 
cease their nocturnal stridulations as the autumn nights become 
colder. Day by day, as the season advances, and the chill of 
evening becomes more noticeable, the musical katydids and 
crickets usher in their chorus a little earlier each afternoon, 
until practically all the nocturnal singers are in full chorus 
shortly after midday. At Oxford, Mass., the writer entered 
the following notes in his journal concerning lower tempera- 
tures and insect stridulations. 

September 15, 1910, "following recent rains the nights have 
become very cold. They would be almost silent but for the 
slow, painful raspings of a few individuals of Cyrtophyllns 
perspicillatus and the synchronal music of Oecanthus niveits. 
Amblycorypha rotundifolia becomes quite silent, or at least 
barely audible if the nights are not too cold. Conocephalus 
ensiger is less sensitive to the cold and continues to stridulate 
persistently, even after Amblycorypha rotundifolia has been 
silenced by the evening chill. 

Insects which I heard almost entirely after dark a few weeks 


ago I now hear from midday until sunset, when most species 
again become practically silent. If the afternoon is warm and 
sunny, however, the fields and pastures are filled with various 
insect sounds. By the roadsides, in the fields among golden 
rods and asters, the happy musicians disport themselves. Am- 
blycorypha rotundifolia, Conocephalics cnsiger, Orchelimum 
ndgare, Scudderia tc.vcnsis, Scudderia furcata, all are as 
noisy as they can make themselves. It is a simple matter now 
to observe and capture almost any musician, for all seem less 
inclined to fly after experiencing the cold nights of this season. 

If the weather moderates suddenly and the evenings become 
warm with threatening thunderstorms, the usual nocturnal 
awakening follows. Oecanthus nivcus suddenly starts the 
warm night air into an almost audible pulsation; the big Cyr- 
tophyllus perspicillatus rasps out a faster tune ; Conocephalus 
cnsiger, Ainblycorypha rotundifolia and Scudderia furcata lisp 
their loudest each in his own manner, until it seems as if the 
silent shrubs of a few nights ago had transformed their leaves 
into living, lisping creatures." 

Although the stridulations of insects become noticeably 
slower and fainter in cold weather, the pitch and manner of 
delivery characteristic of each species does not materially 

MR. J. CHESTER BRADLEY, Special Assistant Entomologist of the 
Georgia State Board of Entomology, Atlanta, Georgia, has undertaken 
the preparation of a preliminary catalog of insects of that State, and 
will appreciate greatly any co-operation on the part of those possessing 
r.ecords of Georgia specimens. 

DR. F. D. GODMAN has acknowledged the receipt, in London, of the 
first and principal set of his own Mexican and Central American 
Odonata, described and enumerated in the Blologia Ccntrali Ameri- 
cana, from Dr. P. P. Calvert. The specimens will be placed in the 
British Museum of Natural History. 

MR. R. J. TILYARD'S recently published "Monograph of the genus 
Synthemis" (Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1910, Vol. XXXV, 
pp. 312-377, 6 plates, 2 of them colored) contains some observations 
on Corduline dragonflies and their affinities, of interest to students 
of this group in all parts of the world. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL, NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change in form, will be given free, when they are wanted; and this 
should be so stated on the MS., along \yith the number desired. The 
receipt of all papers will be acknowledged? Ed. 


In another place in this number attention has been called to 
editorial changes in the NEWS staff and the hope has been ex- 
pressed that the friends^nd supporters of this journal in the 
past will continue their ^Rd as contributors to its pages and as 
subscribers to its resources. We ask not only for the systematic, 
life-history, anatomic and physiologic papers on insects, arach- 
nids and myriopods, but also for the proceedings of entomolog- 
ical clubs and societies and all notes, brief or longer, which, to 
quote the original prospectus of the NEWS, dated December I, 
1889, "will keep entomologists en rapport with what is being 
accomplished in serials and by monographs at home and 
abroad, and which will also give the items of interesting news 
concerning explorations and explorers, collections and col- 

NOTICE that after January 10, 1911, the NEWS 
will be mailed only to those who have renewed their sub- 



SINCE the NEWS is not strictly adverse to the publication of non- 
scientific entomological articles, I have to record a brief contribution 
which may not be without interest. Most entomologists are, I pre- 
sume, without sympathy for the average novel, but two recent books 
from the pen of Gene Stratton-Porter, "Freckles"' and "A Girl of the 
Limberlost," may not only offer some entertainment to Lepidopterists, 
but the beginner may possibly gain some knowledge from them. Such 
statements as are made in the latter work, however, that Citheronia 
regalis is the rarest moth in America and "worth a dollar apiece" 
are unfortunate, as they may prove misleading to any who might be 
influenced by these two books to enter the study of entomology. 



Notes and. Ne\vs. 


THE Department of Zoology and Entomology of the Ohio State 
University, lately issued an invitation to its friends to call and in- 
spect the collection of Butterflies and Moths recently donated by Mrs. 
Catherine Tallant, of Richmond, Indiana, to the Department ; a special 
exhibition of this collection was given on December 8th, gth and loth, 
1910, in Biological Hall, of the University. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN promises to be a magnificent 
foundation when entirely completed. It contains two colleges the 
College of Arts and Science and the College of Agriculture. Prof. 
T. N. Willing, the well known entomologist, is Professor of Natural 
History and Secretary of the College of Agriculture. The college is 
indebted to Prof. Willing for the use of his well-chosen museum, con- 
sisting of plants, insects, birds, fur bearing and other animals peculiar 
to Saskatchewan. The University is locked in the flourishing town of 

PROTAMBULYX CARTERI. In Dr. William Barnes' List of North 
American Sphingidae, recently published in Psyche (Vol. XVII, No. 5), 
he refers to Protambulyx oarteri R. & J. He writes: "Rothschild and 
Jordan give Florida as a locality for this new species on the strength 
of a single $ received from the Kny-Scheerer Company." 

I, myself, captured this specimen and sent it to Baron Rothschild, 
Dr. Lagai of the Kny-Scheerer Company kindly including it in a lot 
of Lepidqptera he was sending at the time. After some delay and 
an offer from the Baron to purchase the specimen it was returned to 
me. It is now in my collection, having a label in the handwriting of 
its describer. I have several others of the same species, taken by 
myself at light in Miami, Florida. ANNIE TRUMBULL SLOSSON. 

THE undersigned has been working upon the subject of "Insects 
Injurious to Books" for a number of years, and would be thankful 
for any information of this character that the readers may be able to 
give him. WM. R. REINICK, The Free Library of Philadelphia, I7th 
and Spring Garden Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. 

WE HAVE lately received an interesting letter from Prof. C. B. 
Hardenberg, M.A., Government Entomologist, Transvaal Department 
of Agriculture, Pretoria, Africa. He has fourteen men in the Ento- 
mological Department, seven being employed as fruit and plant in- 
spectors. The entomologist is inaugurating a system of note-keeping 


and recording like that used in the Bureau at Washington. Up to 
date methods for the care of specimens are also being introduced 
and new collections are being made as rapidly as possible. "Collecting 
goes on here all the year, especially in the northern parts of the 
country and the 'low veld' and I am papering a lot of duplicates 
for future use. This country is a paradise for Orthoptera, especially 
Locustidae and Mantidae, the latter often attaining the most absurd 
shapes and configurations. They are most abundantly found in the 
wild Acacias, or thorn bushes which dot the veld. 

"Taking everything into consideration it is a very interesting 
country entomologically. Very little life-history work or scientific 
investigation has been done, in fact only the surface has been 
skimmed here and there, and there is an exceedingly large field for 
an enthusiastic worker."' 

Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

|^^"A11 publications noted in the following list are dated 1910 unless 
otherwise noted. 

2 Transactions, American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. 
3 The American Naturalist. 4 The Canadian Entomologist. 7 
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 9 -The 
Entomologist, London. 11 Annals and Magazine of Natural His- 
tory, London. 14 Proceedings, Zoological Society of London. 35 
Annales, Societe Entomologique de Belgique. 38 Wiener En- 
tomologische Zeitung. 40 Societas Entomologica, Zurich. 47 
The Zoologist, London. 55 Le Naturaliste, Paris. 86 Annales, 
Societe Entomologique de France, Paris. 89 Zoologische Jahr- 
bucher, Jena. 92 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Insektenbiolo- 
gie, Berlin. 97 Zeitschrift fur wissenchaftliche Zoologie, Leipzig. 
123 Bulletin, Wisconsin Natural History Society, Milwaukee. 128 
Proceedings, Linnean Society of New South Wales, Sidney. 141 


Proceedings, Indiana Academy of Sciences, Indianapolis. 142 
Report, Michigan Academy of Sciences, Lansing. 181 Guide to 
Nature, Sound Beach, Conn. 186 Journal of Economic Biology, 
London. 198 Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, 
Woods Hole, Mass. 218 Mikrokosmos. Zeitschrift fur die prak- 
tische Betatigung aller Naturfreunde, Stuttgart. 239 Annales, 
Biologic Lacustre, Brussels. 297 Bulletin, Indiana Department of 
Geology and Natural Resources, Indianapolis. 298 Ofversigt, 
Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Forhandlingar. A. Mathematik 
och Naturvetenskaper, Helsingfors. 299 Mitteilungen der Natur- 
historischen Gesellschaft zu Hanover. 300 Ontario Natural 
Science Bulletin, Guelph. 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Blatchley, W. S. The life zones of 
Indiana as illustrated by the distribution of Orthoptera and Coleop- 
tera within the state, 141, 1908, 185-191. Brocher, F. Les phe- 
nomenes capillaires. Leur importance dans la biologic aquatique, 
239, iv, 89-138. Observations biologiques sur quelques Dipteres 
et Hymenopteres dits "aquatiques," 239, iv, 170-186. Burrill, A. C. 
Pine-cone willow gall abundant. Grape-vine gilbert gall, 123, 
vii, 130-131. Doane, R. W. Insects and disease. A popular ac- 
count of the way in which insects may spread or cause some of 
our common diseases, 227 pp. 1910. Henry Holt & Co. Girault, 
A. A. Notes on variation in duration of similar periods of em- 
bryonic development; its bearing on the theory of effective tem- 
peratures, 123,, viii, 10-20. Smith, J. B. The insects of New Jer- 
sey (list). Annual report of the New Jersey State Museum for 
1909. 880 pp. 

APTERA & NEUROPTERA. Bugnion, E. Observations rel- 
atives a 1'industrie des termites, 86, Ixxix, 129-144. Calvert, P. P. 
Zoological researches in Costa Rica. Old Penn. Weekly re- 
view of the University of Pennsylvania, Vol. ix, pp. 165-170. Dampf, 
A. Mesopsylla eructa n. g. n. sp., ein neuer Floh von der Spring- 
maus nebst Beitragen zur Kenntnis der gattung Palaeopsylla, 89, 
Suppl. 12, 609-664. Fahrenholz, H. Neue Lause. (II Die Larven 
von Pediculus capitis, 299 D, 1st Jahrb., 57-75, 1910. Frieden- 
thal, H. Haarparasiten und Haarkrankheiten des Menschen, 218, 
viii, 156-163. Muttkowski, R. A. New records of Wisconsin 
Dragonflies, 123, viii, 53-59. Tillyard, R. J. Studies in the life- 
histories of Australian Odonata, 128, xxxiv, 697-708, 1909. 

ORTHOPTERA. Schleip, W. Der Farbenwechsel von Dixip- 
pus morosus, 89, xxx, 45-132. Walker, E. M. The Orthoptera of 

Western Canada, 4,, xlii, 333-340, 351-356 (*). 

HEMIPTERA. Cockerell, T. D. A. A new Aleyrodes on Am- 


brosia, 4, xlii, 370-371 (*). Herrick, G. W. Tragionia celtis n. sp. 
4, xlii, 373-374. Pierantoni, U. Ueber den Ursprung und die 
Struktur des eiformigen Korpers von Dactylopius citri und des 
grunen Korpers von Aphis brassicae, 40, xxv, 61-62. Poppius, B. 
Neue Ceratocombiden, 298, Hi, No. 1, 1-14 (*). 

LEPIDOPTERA. Barnes & McDunnough. A new Thecla 
from Texas, 4, xlii, 365-366 (*). Coolidge, K. R. Notes on the 
genus Thecla, 4, xlii, 374-375. Cosens, A. Lepidopterous galls on 
species of Solidago, 4, xlii, 371-372. Dampf, A. Zur Kenntnis 
gehausetragender Lepidopterenlarven, 89, Suppl. 12, 512-608. 
Forbes, W. T. M. Larva of Ptochoryctis tsugensis, 4, xlii, 364. 
Frohawk,, F. W. The number of larval stages of Lycaena acis, 9, 
xliii, 305-306. Gibson, A. A list of butterflies taken at Toronto 
Ontario, 300, 1910, No. 6, 35-44. Kutschera, G. Die Larchentrieb- 
motte, 218, viii, 163-165. Mitterberger, K. Zur Kenntnis der ersten 
Stande von Cacoecia histrionama, 92 ( , vi, 353-354. Pierce, F. N. 
Value of genitalia, 9, xliii, 304. Prout, L. B. New Neotropical 
Geometriedae (continued), 11, vi, 232-247, 316-333, 432-440, 508-526. 
Reiff, W. Ueber das Zirpen der Raupen, 123, vii, 109-110. Richter, 
V. K. Beschreibung der Eier von Pieris rapae, Agrotis forcipula, 
und Mamestra reticulata, 92, vi, 352-353. Rowland-Brown, H. 
A note on the new classification of certain Hesperid butterflies, 9, 
xliii, 306-309. Russell, H. M. The pecan cigar case-bearer (Cole- 
ophora caryaefoliella), 7,, Bull. No. 64, pt. x. Smith, J. B. New 
species of Noctuidae for 1910, No. 2, 2, xxxvi, 251-266. Thierry- 
Mieg, P. Descriptions de lepidopteres nouveaux, 35, liv, 384-390. 
Descriptions de lepidopteres nouveaux, 55, xxxii, 235, 247-248. Wol- 
ley Dod, F. H. A new Autographa from the Alberta rockies, 4, 
xlii, 349-350 (*). 

DIPTERA. Brues, C. T. Some further remarks on the sys- 
tematic affinities of the Phoridae, with descriptions of new species, 
123, vii, 102-108 (*). Coquillett, D. W. .Corrections to my paper 
on the type-species of the No. American genera of Diptera, 4, 
xlii, 375-378. Graenicher, S. A preliminary list of the flies of 
Wisconsin belonging to the families Bombyliidae, Syrphidae and 
Conopidae, 123, viii, 32-44. Reeves, C. D. A remedy for the Black- 
fly pest in certain streams of the southern peninsula of Michigan, 
142, xii, 77-78. Speiser, P. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Dipteren- 
Gruppe Heleinae, 89, Suppl. 12, 735-754. 

COLEOPTERA. Blatchley, W. S. The Coleoptera or beetles 
of Indiana, 297, i, 1386 pp. (*). Bowe, M. Beetles and how to col- 
lect them (popular account), 181, iii, 289-293. Buhk, F. Stridu- 
lationsapparat bei Spercheus emarginatus, 92, vi, 342-346. Gebien, 


H. Coleopterorum catalogus. Pars 22: Tenebrionidae II, 167-354. 
Holste, G. Das Nervensystem von Dytiscus marginalis, Ein Beit- 
rag zur Morphologic des Insektenkorpers, 97, xcvi, 419-476. Kolbe, 
H. Ueber die Phileurinen Amerikas, 35, liv, 330-354 (*). Lameere, 
A. Revision des Prionides (cont.), 35, liv, 368-383. McDermott, 
F. A. A note on the light-emission of some American Lampyridae, 
4, xlii, 357-363. Moser, J. Beitrag zur kenntnis der Cetoniden, 35, 
liv, 355-367. Netolitzky, F. Bemerkungen zur Systematik in der 
Gattung Bembidion Latr., 38, xxix, 209-228. Wolcott, A. B. The 
Cleridae of the public museum of the city of Milwaukee, 123, vii, 
93-102 (*). Xambeu, C. Moeurs & metamorphoses des especes du 
genre Rhizotrogus, 55, xxxii, 233-235. 

HYMENOPTERA. Brues, C. T. Notes and descriptions of 
N. A. parasitic Hymenoptera VIII, 123, viii, 45-52 (*). A prelim- 
inary list of the Proctotrypoid Hymenoptera of Washington with 
descriptions of new species, 123, vii, 111-122 (*). Butterfield, E. P. 
Bees killed by wasps (note), 47, xiv, 396. Cockerell, T. D. A. 
Some insects from Steamboat Springs, Colorado, II., 4, xlii, 366-370 
(*). Ferton, C. Notes detachees sur 1'instinct des hymenopteres 
melliferes, 86, Ixxix, 145-178. Lovell, J. H. The color sense of the 
honey-bee: can bees distinguish colors? 3, xliv, 673-692. Managan, 
J. Some remarks on the parasites of the large larch sawfly 
Nematus erichsonii, 186, v, 92-94. O'Brien, R. A. Remarks on the 
habits of the Green Tree-Ant of Australia (note), 14, 1910, 669-670. 
Schrottky, C. Neue sudamerikanische Arten der Bienengattung 
Anthidium, 38, xxix, 267-271. Turner, C. H. Experiments on color- 
vision of the honey bee, 198, xix, 257-279. 

INSECTS AND DISEASE: A popular account of the way in which insects 
may spread or cause some of our common diseases, with many original 
illustrations from photographs, by R. W. Doane, A. B., Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Entomology Leland Stanford Junior University. Henry Holt 
and Company, New York, 1910. Price $1.50, net; by mail $1.62. The 
wonderful growth of the study of insect-carried disease has necessi- 
tated a book of this character. While the literature of the subject 
is very large it is scattered through many publications in this country 
and abroad and not very accessible to the lay student. This work epit- 
omizes the subject in a clear manner and affords the interested reader 
a general knowledge of this important subject. The illustrations are 
numerous and well chosen and there is a selected bibliography append- 
ed. It is not so many years ago when the writer of this notice 
made the remark that house-flies carry typhoid fever, to one of the now 
prominent students of the subject, who said he did not believe such a 


thing possible. The same thing happened in regard to malaria. The 
subject of the insect transmission of disease is not a new subject, but 
its great importance has only been realized in the last ten years. The 
time is rapidly approaching, when the necessity will arise for books 
on this important subject relating to one insect, for instance, the house- 
fly. We are glad to see the present work as we believe it will occupy 
a useful place. H. S. 

This work is characterized by the author as an illustrated descriptive 
catalogue of the beetles of his State, exclusive of the Rhynchophora. 
It represents an enormous amount of labor, which, however, seems 
fully justified by the results. Its chief importance lies in the fact that 
it is the only American work yet published which will serve to give, 
within a single volume, really efficient aid in identifying the Coleopter- 
ous fauna of a large district. It is a difficult matter to get a publisher 
for so extensive a treatise unless it deals with a subject much more 
popular than this one. 

Mr. Blatchley has followed, in the main, the "Classification" of 
Le Conte and Horn, relying for specific keys chiefly upon the papers 
of monographers whose works are cited in the proper places. The 
result, therefore, is a very orthodox production in which the beginner 
will find little in conflict with views already published. Following the 
keys, more extended descriptions of each species are given, with notes 
upon rarity, modes of occurrence and dates. The whole forms a book 
of nearly 1400 pages illustrated by 590 figures. In it are treated 3312 
species. 2512 of which are known to occur in Indiana and 79 are now 
described as new to science. 

The typography is good, so are the figures which are largely original 
and will be a most welcome addition to the stock available for future 
writers. The book is just what has been needed by students of this 
order in the central States, and will certainly be much sought after by 
public and private libraries. It is handled by the Nature Publishing 
Co., of Indianapolis, although it was brought out by Mr. Blatchley as 
Bulletin I of the Indiana Department of Zooloey and Natural Re- 
sources, in his capacity of State Geologist. H. F. WICKHAM. 

Doings of Societies. 

Meeting of November 17, 1910. Mr. H. W. Wenzel, Vice- 
Director, presided. Ten persons were present. 

Mr. Rehn made some remarks on the trip made by Mr. 


Morgan Hebard and himself during the past summer in, search 
of Orthoptera. Portions of Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, 
Idaho, Oregon, Washington, California, Nevada, Arizona, New 
Mexico and Texas were visited and extensive collections made. 
The object of the expedition was to extend the reconnaissance 
work done in previous years by the same individuals, paying 
particular attention to certain previously unstudied or poorly 
studied regions such as the Snake River desert, Idaho ; eastern 
Oregon ; Mt. Hood, Oregon ; the Walker Lake region, 
Nevada; Ventura Mts., California; the Gila desert, Arizona, 
and the Baboquivari Mountains and surrounding valleys, Ari- 
zona. The returns exceeded the great expectations and hun- 
dreds of field notes were made, bearing on the distribution and 
plant relation of many species. A number of new species are 
known to be included in the collection. Numerous photographs 
illustrating the types of country visited were exhibited. 

Mr. H. S. Harbeck was elected an Associate of the Section. 

HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Recorder. 


A regular meeting was held October iQth, 1910, at 1523 S. 
1 3th Street, Philadelphia. Thirteen members were present; 
Messrs. Dickerson, of New Brunswick, N. J., and Viereck 
and Crawford, of Washington, D. C., visitors. 

President Harbeck in the chair. 

Dr. Skinner said he had noticed the scarcity of insects, even 
of the common species, on his recent trip to Europe. He de- 
scribed the various collections in the British Museum and 
gave an account of the meetings of the World's Entomological 
Congress in Brussels. 

Mr. Dickerson said the Catalpa sphinx seems to be traveling 
in a northeasterly direction in Ne\v Jersey, he having seen 
specimens from Springfield. He described the parasites' at- 
tack on the larvae. 

Mr. Daecke exhibited a male Dytiscus harrisi Kirby (Col.) 
collected at Highspire, Pa., June 17, 1910, by W. R. Fischer, 
which seems to be the only Pennsylvania record ; also two 


specimens of Calobata geoinetra Desv. (Dip.) collected by him- 
self at Eberlys Mill, Pa., July 12, 1910, and July 14, 1910. 
This latter species was first turned up in Pennsylvania by Mr. 
Champlain, It is a Texas species and is gradually working 
its way north. Mr. Daecke also said he was in the vicinity of 
the place where he had found Lema se.vpunctata Oliv. (Col.) 
on the Virginia day flower last year, and upon examining 
them found the same species this year. 

Mr. Laurent described a yard in Wildwood Crest which con- 
tains several flower beds and covers about half an acre. He 
said that on October 6th, this year, this bed contained about 
5000 specimens of Danais pie. rip pus Linn. (Lep.) evidently 
gathering to migrate, because when he visited the same place 
next day none were to be found. 

There then followed a general discussion by all present on 
the common house fly. 

Mr. C. T. Greene exhibited and recorded the following Dip- 
tcra collected by himself: Phortica alboguttata Wahlberg, 
from Lehigh Gap, July 12, 1906, a European species which 
Osten Sacken's Catalog says occurs in N. A. on authority of 
"Loew in litt" ; Phorantha calyptrata Coq. Castle Rock, Pa., 
September 26, 1909, listed from District of Columbia, Virgin- 
ia and Kentucky; Alophora nitida Coq., Pemberton, N. J., 
July ii, 1909, listed from Potomac Creek, Virginia and Can- 

Dr. Skinner said he had been elected president of the sec- 
tion on Nomenclature at the Entomological Congress, in which 
all the discussions were in English, German, French and Span- 
ish. He said it was the practice in many parts of Europe to 
label all the specimens which are under the eye at the time of 
description "type," but after much argument, pro and con, it 
was finally decided upon that a rule be passed to have only a 
single type. Adjourned to the annex. 

GEO. M. GREENE, Secretary. 


Page 467, line six from the bottom, for foeresteri read foerstcri. 

Page 469, for Pterygophorns civetus read P. cinctus. 

Page 470, seventh line from bottom, for discordal read discoidal. 



Official Organ of the Association of Economic Entomologists 

Editor, E. Porter Felt. Albany, N. Y., State 
Entomologist, New York. 

Associate Editor, W. E. Britten, New Haven, 
Conn., State Entomologist, Conn. 

Business Manager, E. Dwight Sanderson, 
University of West Virginia, Morgantown, 
W. Va. 


L. O. Howard, Chief, Bureau of Entomology, 

U. S. Dept Agr. 

S. A. Forbes. State Entomologist, Illinois. 
C P. Gillette, State Entomologist, Colorado. 

H. T. Fernald, Prof, of Entomology, Mass. 
Agr. College. 

Herbert Osborn, Prof, of Zoology, Ohio State 

Wilmon Newell, State Entomologist, Texas. 

The only journal devoted exclusively to economic entomology. Publishes the Proceedings 
of the American Association Economic Entomologists and the latest and best work in economic 

Individuals and libraries who desire complete sets should subscribe at once while a few 
sets of Volume 1 may be obtained before the price is advanced. 

Six illustrated issues per year bimonthly 50 to 100 pages Subscription in United States, 
Canada and Mexico, $2 oo; and in foreign countries, $2.50 per year in advance. Sample copy on 





Established 1875 

Incorporated (Mass.) 1892 

Incorporated (Conn ) 1910 

From our Charter: " For the purpose of the promotion of scientific education ; the advance- 
ment of science ; the collection in museums of natural and scientific specimens ; the employment 
of observers and teachers in the different departments of science, and the general diffusion of 

The Agassiz Association is under the control of a Board of Trustees. It is for all ages, all 
places, all degrees of mental attainments and wealth. Our membership is from kindergarten to 
university, in homes and institutions and social circles among all occupations, including those 
who are aided and those who aid us in knowledge and money. 

Includes several of the largest Scientific Societies in the United States, also 
Chapters and Members everywhere you are cordially invited to become a 

Send 10 cents for full particulars and sample copy of "The Guide to Nature." 

One Dollar a Year. 





6, Gunterstone Road, West Kensington, London, W. 

Catalogue No. 19 for 1910, 50 pp., mailed free on demand. 

Explanatory Catalogue with descriptions of over 300 sp. 12c. 

Fine series of Mimicry and Seasonal Dimorphism. 

When Writing Pleaae Mention " Entomological News." 




Department of Natural Science 

404-410 W. 27th St., New York 

North American and Exotic Insects of all Orders in Perfect Condition 

Ornithoptera victoria regis. New Guinea 

Pair $45-oo 

Ornithoptera nrinlleanna, saloinnensis, 

New Guinea Pair 7.50 

Papilio blnmei, India. Each i 25 

Papilio /aglazai, Toboroi, New Guinea. 

Each i?-5o 

Urania croesus, East Africa. Each 2.50-3 oo 

Atiaats atlas, India. Each i.oo 

Metosamia godmam, Mexico. Each 375 

Caligtila simla, India. Each. 
Epiphora Bauhiniae, Africa. 

Anther ea menippe. Pair 

Ntidaurelia ringleri. Pair.... 
Imbrasia epimethea. Pair.... 



4 50 

Urania croesus. 

Please send your list ot Desiderata for Quotation 


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Eight Awards and Medals 

Gold Medal 

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North American and exotic insects of all orders in perfect condition. 

Single specimens and collections illustrating mimicry, protective coloration, 

dimorphism, collections of representatives of the different orders of insects, etc. 

Series of specimens illustrating insect life, color variation, etc. 

Metamorphoses of insects. 

We manufacture all kinds of insect boxes and cases (Schmitt insect boxes 
Lepidoptera boxes, etc.), cabinets, nets, insects pins, forceps, etc.. 

Riker specimen mounts at reduced prices. 

Catalogues arid special circulars free on application. 

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Whmi Writing Please Mention "Entomological News." 

Stookhausen. Printer, 53-55 N. 7th Street, Philadelphia. 

FEBRUARY, 1911. 


Vol. XXII. 

No. 2. 

Major John Eatton Le Conte, 1784-1860. 

PHILIP P. CALVERT, Ph.D., Editor. 
E. T. CRESSON, JR., Associate Editor. 

HENRY SKINNER, M. D., Editor Emeritus. 




J. A. G. REHN. 






Entered at the Philadelphia Post-Office as Second-Class Mattt 


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Plate II. 







FEBRUARY, 1911. 

No. 2. 


Calvert Studies on Costa Rican Odo- 

nata 49 

Fall The Tenth Pleocoma (Col.) 64 

Beutenmuller Descriptions of New 

Species of Cynipidae ( Hym.) 67 

Nunenmacher Studies Amongst the 

Coccinellidae, No 2 (Col.) 71 

Kellogg and Paine Mallophaga from 

Californian Birds 75 


Pollard A Remarkable Dragonfly .... 
Cockerell A new Chalcidid from an 

Oak Gall (Hym.) 82 

Editorial 83 

Notes and News 84 

Entomological Literature 87 

Doings of Societies 94 

Studies on Costa Rican Odonata. 
I The Larva of Cora. 

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. 

(With Plates II and III) 

In the course of our entomological researches in Costa Rica, 
a brief outline of which has already appeared in ENTOMOLOG- 
ICAL NEWS,* I collected some Odonate larvae of a form hith- 
erto undescribed and which, it now appears, are certainly of 
the genus Cora. One of these was found at Peralta, Costa 
Rica, March 24, 1910, in a shallow brook in the woods west 
of the railroad station, clinging to a submerged stone. The 
altitude was about 335 meters, or iioo feet. This larva died a 
few days later and was preserved in alcohol. A second is 
recorded in our diary, from Juan Vinas, April 27, 1910, as 
follows: "About half a mile farther [westward from the 
farther waterfall along the railroad from Juan Vinas station] 
is a third fall, or rather cascade, reached by a little trail 
through a bit of exceedingly thick damp woods full of wild 
ginger [Costus sp., Costa Rican name canagria], heliconias, 

* Vol. XXI, pp. 334-337, July, 1910. 



ferns and caladiums. The stream is extremely pretty and 
ought to be a favorite haunt of many forest-loving species, 
but the day was very dark with intervals of rain and we saw 
no adult dragonflies. After long hunting among the fallen 
leaves and stones of the brook, P. found a larva with extra 
gills along the sides of the abdomen. This we suspect may be 
the larva of Cora, a point still to be determined however." 

The diary for April 29, 1910, also at Juan Vinas, reads: 
"To-day was exceedingly dark and at times with very thick 
mist, altho' there was no heavy rain. While A. wrote in the 
morning, P. collected some food for some living dragon-larvae 
gathered here. While so doing he found another and some- 
what larger larva of the sort which we suspect to belong to 
the genus Cora. It is remarkable in having attached to each 
side of some of the forward abdominal segments a finger-like 
gill, a peculiarity possessed by no other American dragon-larva 
as far as known. Our chief interest in larva-raising now centres 
on these two individuals." 

Still at Juan Vinas, the diary of May 2, 1910, records: 
"With a lunch, rubber poncho and umbrella, the latter two for 
investigating the farther waterfall, I set out for that spot, 
examining the ditch along the [railroad] tracks which carries 
the water from this fall. In going and coming, I found in 
all three of the supposed Cora larvae in this outflow. Those 
found last week lacked the caudal gills which, altho' forming 
part of the proper' equipment of a whole suborder of dragonfly 
larvae, seem to be of indifferent use and value, for many larvae 
lose them by accident or by the bite of a brother or an enemy 
and yet pass their larval existence as tranquilly and accomplish 
their transformations as successfully as their brethren. * * * 
The three larvae found to-day have their caudal, as well as 
their lateral, abdominal gills, which latter have already been 
briefly mentioned. The three caudal gills are very odd-looking. 
They appear as if cut off straight across the tip, instead of 
tapering as usual, the straight edge [i c. tip] then scalloped 
into three points. Each gill is much inflated and, as the gills 


are each [a fifth] as long as the short 'pudgy' body, the effect 

is to give the larva the appearance of 'tail-heavy.' When first 

taken into the hand these three larvae remained motionless, 

'playing 'possum' as it were for a minute or two, and then 

took to their legs with some speed. In spite of their double 

equipment of gills, the Cora (?) larvae found do not frequent 

a different abiding place from less richly 'engilled' dragons, 

their fellow inhabitants being larvae of Hetaerina, Argia and 

common types of Libellulinae." The ditch in which these 

larvae were found was at this time one to two feet wide and 

rarely as much as eight inches deep ; it contained many small 

stones on the under sides of which the larvae were found. The 

waterfall, whose outflow it was, was perhaps thirty feet high and 

was in turn fed by a stream descending in occasional cascades 

through forest from a height of several hundred feet higher. 

We took or saw images of Cora chirripa at this waterfall in 

different months, at previous visits, and on April 30 and May 

2, 1910. The altitude at which all the Cora larvae from Juan 

Vinas were found was about 1000 meters, or 3300 feet. 

On April 30, 1910, Mrs. Calvert went from Juan Yinas to 
our headquarters at Cartago, taking with her the Cora larvae 
of April 27 and 29, and placed them in our rearing jars. I 
followed on May 4 with the three larvae of May 2. At 6:50 
P. M. of the same day occurred the great earthquake which 
destroyed Cartago. Its effect upon our larvae in rearing has 
been briefly described in the NEWS as quoted, but by the great- 
est good fortune the bottle containing the Cora larvae of May 
2 was the single one of all our living Odonata that rolled 
out and escaped destruction from the fallen wall. Two of the 
larvae were alive and were carried in safety to our steamship at 
Port Limon. A second died May 7, and the third, with a 
supply of mosquito eggs to furnish food, started with us on the 
voyage to New York, but expired on May 14, three days be- 
fore we landed. Each larva, as soon as its death was discov- 
ered, was placed in alcohol, but evidently was not in a condition 
for histological study. This fact must be remembered in judg- 


ing of the shrunken condition of some parts, e. g. the tissues 
represented in figs. 20 and 25. 

There thus have been available for the present description four 
larvae which may be designated as follows : 

No. I. $. Peralta as above, total length including antennae and 
caudal gills 16.5 mm.; length of body excluding the parts named 11.5 

No. 2. $ . Juan Vinas, May 2, in fragments. 

No. 3. $. Juan Vifias, May 2, measurements as above, 20.5 and 17 
mm. respectively. 

No. 4. 9 . Juan Vinas, May 2, measurements the same as those 
of No. 3. 

No. 3 has furnished dissections of internal organs. Nos. i and 4 
have been kept almost intact. 


Head deeply concave posteriorly (Plate III, fig. 21) for reception 
of the prothorax. Compound eyes and ocelli distinct. Six pale yellow- 
ish spots indistinctly visible on the upper surface of the head, two in 
front of the median ocellus, one anterior to and one posterior to each 
lateral ocellus ; some of these spots wanting in some specimens. 

Antennae 7-jointed, but the last joint only visible under the com- 
pound microscope (PI. II, fig. 10) ; ratios of the lengths of the joints, 
in a detached antenna under a cover-glass. 21, 26, 17, n, g, 5.5, 3; 
joints i to 6 successively decreasing in thickness; joints i and 2 clothed 
with a dense pile, which is longest in larva No. i, and consists of flat- 
tened scales as shown in fig. 5. A similar pile is found on many other 
parts of the body, such as the anterior margin of the nasus, the lateral 
margins of the head posterior to the middle of the compound eyes, 
margins and ridges of the thoracic and abdominal segments, of legs and 
of wing-pads, a transverse ante-apical line on abdominal segments i-io 
for the entire width of the dorsum, much of the surfaces of the caudal 
gills, etc. This pile is longer and more conspicuous on larva No. i than 
on the other three. Joints 3-7 of the antennae have a decreasingly 
smaller amount of pile. 

Mandibles stout two-branched, external branch larger, its apex with 
five teeth, first two teeth, counting from the dorsal margin, less distinct 
from each other than are the other three, fourth tooth longest. In- 
ternal branch in larvae Nos. i, 3 and 4 larger on the left mandible than 
on the right mandible (right mandible lacking in larva No. 2) and on 
the left mandible its apex is truncated and with seven teeth or crena- 
tions, dorsal-most largest (Plate II, fig. 16). On the right mandible 
the apex of the internal branch is pointed and has only two teeth. 


Maxillae with the inner lobe attenuate at tip, which bears three 
short internal teeth, and three long, slender, curved, internal processes 
and a row of strong setae. (PL III, figs. 29, 31). Lubiitm, when fold- 
ed at rest, reaching back to the bases of the prothoracic legs but not 
as far as the hind ventral prothoracic margin ; median (mental) lobe 
but very slightly produced distad in the middle and with a very slight 
median cleft, distal margin crenulate with a very short seta between 
each crenulation and its neighbor; just within the crenulations a short 
distance on each side of the median cleft is a small pointed tooth (fig. 
28, /*) on the dorsal surface; mental setae few (2-4 on each side of 
the median line both on dorsal and ventral surfaces) and short; lateral 
lobes with a long curved tapering terminal spine and three distal 
teeth of which the most internal (mesial) is shortest and is truncate 
while the other two are pointed. (PI. Ill, figs. 27, 28, 30). 

Prothorax with three lateral tubercles, a dorso-lateral (a) which 
is dorsal to an antero-lateral (b) and, posterior to (b), a postero-later- 
al (c). On the mesothorax the place of a of the prothorax is occupied 
by the spiracle, b is present while c is represented by a double tubercle. 
None of these tubercles are represented on the metathorax which has an 
indistinct spiracle on its lateral surface (PI. II, 14, msp). Front wing 
pads reach to the hind end of abdominal segment 6 in larva No. I, to 
the hind end of segment 4 in larvae Xos. 3 and 4. Hind wing-pads reach 
almost to the mid-length of segment 7 in larva No. i, to mid-length of 
segment 5 in Nos. 3 and 4. (In PI. II, fig. 14, the wing-pads have been 
divaricated and are not in exactly normal positions, hence the difference 
between the preceding sentence and the figure). Legs not of a burrow- 
ing type, tarsi 3-jointed with an empodium-like structure (PI. II, figs. 

6. 12). 

Abdomen triangular in cross-section, of ten complete segments, 
which decrease slightly in width from I to 8; 9 and 10 distinctly narrow- 
er owing to their lateral margins not being produced laterad as far as 
on the segments preceding (PI. II, fig. 15). A curved, caudad-directed, 
mid-dorsal hook on segments 2-9 (larva No. i) or 1-9 (larvae Nos. 3 
and 4), hooks increasing in length from segment i or 2 to segment 7 
or 8, that of 9 slightly shorter than that of 8. (PI. II, fig. 14). Hind 
dorsal margin of segment 10 with a wide median notch whose depth 
is half, or less than half, the length of the segment. (PI. II, fig. 8). 
Segments 2-7 each with a pair of tapering, finger-like ventral gills. 
Rudiments of $ genitalia on the ventral side of segment 2 indistinct 
in larva No. i ; in larva No. 3 they consist of two distinct black lines 
reaching from the intersegmental groove of 1-2 to behind the hind end 
of the sternite of 2. Rudiments of $ gonapophyses are present on 
segment 9 of larvae Nos. I and 3 (PI. II, fig. 18). Rudiments of $ 
gonapophyses are shown in PI. II, figs. 7, 8, 14, 15. 


The three caudal gills together are much wider than the abdomen 
at its widest part. Each one is petiolate at base and much enlarged in 
all diameters beyond the petiole. Median gill approximately equal in 
length to that of segments 8+9+10, much enlarged dorso-ventrally and 
less so laterally immediately after the petiole, thence increasing in 
height gradually and slightly to the apex which is triangulate in profile 
view, the ventral angle most obtuse, the median angle most acute, the 
dorsal angle projecting not as far caudad as the other two. At a little 
less than half length from the base there is an angular protuberance on 
each side at about one-fourth height of the gill from the dorsal crest, 
so that there are in all five angular projections on this gill. Most of 
the chitin of this gill is brown and opaque, or at most only translucent, 
and is covered with scales, but on each of the two lateral faces there is 
an area of colorless transparent chitin occupying the ventral two-fifths 
of the height and about four-fifths of the length from the base caudad 
(PI. II, fig. 14) lacking scales. 

Each lateral caudal gill is somewhat longer than the median gill, 
roughly triangular in cross-section, one surface being convex, the other 
two approximately plane. These latter two are ventral and internal 
(mesial) respectively, the convex surface is lateral (external) and 
dorsal and greater in extent than either of the other two. There are 
four angular protuberances : one at half-length, or a little less than 
half-length, of the gill on the middle of the convex dorso-external sur- 
face; one at three-fourths of the length of the gill on the convex sur- 
face close to the margin of the mesial surface; one at seven-eighths of 
the length of the gill on the middle of the convex surface ; and one, the 
most obtuse, forming the apex of the gill. The convex dorso-external 
surface of the gill is of brown chitin and scale-covered, the ventral and 
mesial surfaces chiefly of colorless, transparent chitin and lacking scales, 
except along the margins where each meets the dorso-external sur- 
face respectively. (PI. II, figs. 3, 4, 9, 14, 15). 

Between the bases of the three caudal gills are the rudiments of 
the superior appendages or 'cercoids' of the imago (PI. II, figs. 7, 8, 
sa) and the supra-anal (spl) and sub-anal (sbl) laminae. The rudi- 
ments of the 'cercoids' are simple, cylindrical or conical, with rounded 
apices, and vary in length, in the four larvae, from about one-third to 
more than one-half of the length of abdominal segment 10. The sub- 
anal plates reach to about mid-length of the 'cercoids' ; each one is de- 
pressed, its apex squarely truncate but produced apparently into a short 
spine at its mesial angle when viewed dorsally or ventrally; this ap- 
parent spine is the end view of a vertical lamina. 

The main abdominal traclieal trunks and their branches are shown 
in PI. Ill, figs. 22, 20; PI. II, figs. 9, 17, 19. The ventral gills of ab- 
dominal segments 2-7 receive each two tracheae from two separate 


branches of the main lateral trachea and the gill tracheae divide and 
redivide inside each gill (PI. Ill, figs. 20, 25, 26). Owing to the opacity 
of the chitin, the thickness of the gills and the obstacles met in clear- 
ing them, I have not been able to make out more than the main branches 
of the tracheae supplying the caudal gills (PI. II, fig. 9). The stomach 
is supplied from two anterior and two posterior tracheae, one anterior 
and one posterior on its right side and similarly on its left side. The 
right and left anterior gastric tracheae lie parallel and close together 
on the dorsal surface of the oesophagus and crop ; each is probably a 
derivative from the main dorsal trunk of its own side of the body, but 
this was not definitely ascertained. At the anterior end of the stomach 
each anterior gastric trachea divides into a set of (two) dorsal and a 
set of (four) lateral branches as shown in PI. II, figs. 13 and 17. The 
fourth, or ventralmost, lateral branch apparently forms an anasto- 
mosis with the corresponding branch of the opposite side of the 

The hind-gut or intestine is likewise supplied by branches from the 
main dorsal tracheal trunks. The trachea which passes to the ileum also 
furnishes the posterior gastric trachea for the same side of the 
stomach. The rectal epithelium appears to form three (glandular?) 
dorsals and two laterals. (Fig. 19, rdrt, Idrt, rlrt, llrt). After the 
drawings forming figures 13, 17 and 19 were made, the alimentary canal 
was slit open lengthwise, stained, dehydrated, cleared and mounted in 
balsam. No definite indications of rectal tracheal gills were found and 
the rectal walls appear much less richly tracheated than those of the 
stomach. The rectal epithelium appears to form three (glandular?) 
areas. The gastric epithelium was disintegrated. No food was found 
in the alimentary canal. 

The three thoracic pairs of ganglia are clearly distinct from each 
other. Posteriorly are seven pairs of smaller ganglia, located as fol- 
lows : I in metathorax, 2 in anterior part of abdominal segment 2, 3 
in hind part of segment 3, 4 at the articulation of segments 4 and 5, 5 
in anterior end of segment 6, 6 in anterior end of segment 7, 7 in the 
middle of segment 8. The nerve cord in the male larva dissected (No. 
3) passed to the right of the distinct rudiments of the genitalia pro- 
jecting dorsad into the cavity of segments i and 2. 



In current classifications Cora is placed in the Caloptery- 
ginae or Calopterygidae ( = : Agrioninae of the catalogues of 
Kirby, Muttkowski, etc.). Most of the Calopterygine larvae 


hitherto described (Cf. Karsch, 1893, pp. 42, 48; Needham, 
I 93^ P- 220) have the first antennal joint very long, as long 
as all the other, or as several of the other, joints added together. 
Cora larva has the first antennal joint shorter than the second 
and in this respect, as in others mentioned below, shows a re- 
semblance to the Old World larvae described by Hagen (1880, 
p. Ixv) as pertaining to the legion Euphaea* of de Selys, and 
to a Mexican fragment doubtfully referred to Cora (1. c., p. 

The scales forming a more or less dense pile on different 
parts of the body of Cora larvae are structures which have 
met little or no notice in the literature on the Odonata. They 
occur in shapes varying from almost hair-like to that in which 
the width is at least more than half the length (Cf. PL II, 
figs. 4, 5, n, 3 in the order named). The central and more or 
less arborescently-branched portion of each scale is thicker 
than the often hardly discernible marginal areas. 

Biramous mandibles hitherto have been noted only in 
Euphaea larvae of all the Odonata, and that very briefly 
(Needham, 19030, p. 743). I am not able at present to de- 
termine whether the two-branched condition there is the same 
as that here described for the larvae of Cora or not. The re- 
markable features of these mandibles is the possibility of inde- 
pendent movement of the inner branch along the dotted line 
shown in PL II, fig. 16, and the difference in the form of this 
branch in the right and left mandibles of the same individual 
noted above. Heymons (1896 b, taf. II, fig. 29) has figured 
the mandibles in a young larva of Ephemera vulgata which 
are also two-branched but, in contrast to the larval mandible 
of Cora, the inner branch is larger than the outer. 

The very shallow median cleft of the median lobe of the 
labium was hardly to be expected in larvae so apparently 
primitive in other features as our Cora larvae are. In this 
respect also it agrees with Euphaea larvae, as far as can be 

* The name of the type genus of this legion, Euphaea, is now re- 
placed by Psendophaea Kirby. 


judged from Hagen's description (1880, p. xlv). If Miss But- 
ler's theory (1904, pp. 114, 119) of the homologies of the 
labium be correct, then the small, pointed teeth (PI. Ill, fig. 
28 /*) near the middle of the distal margin, would represent 
the apices of the original laciniae. The interpretation of Bor- 
ner (1909, p. 113) is different and is essentially that of Ger- 
stacker, Heymons and others. 

Hagen (1880, p. Ixv) noted the existence of "une plantula 
entre les onglets" of Euphaea larvae and remarked (p. Ixvii) 
"La presence d'une plantula entre les onglets est aussi un 
caractere unique chez les Odonates." The empodium-like 
structure mentioned above for Cora and shown in PI. II, fig. 
12, appears to be an homologous part. 

The existence of tracheal gills on abdominal segments 2-7 
is the most interesting feature of Cora larvae. The only 
Odonata previously known to possess such structures are the 
larvae referred to Euphaea and Anisoplcura in the very brief 
description of Hagen (1880). One of these larvae was figured 
by Folsom in Packard (1898, p. 469). Hagen stated that 
there were gills on abdominal segments 1-8, Folsom found 
them on 2-8 only. There are, therefore, one pair less in Cora 
larvae. Hagen compared these gills of Euphaea and Anis- 
opleura to those of Sialis, but makes no mention of Ephemerid 
larvae in this connection. Heymons (1896 a, pp. 88-90) com- 
pared the abdominal gills of Ephemerid and Sialis larvae, re- 
garded them in both cases as derived from abdominal ap- 
pendages and noted the agreement in the pointed form of the 
gills of the early larval stages of both groups. The gills of 
the second to seventh abdominal segments of Cora larva fur- 
nish an addition to this parallel. That the lateral gills of 
Ephemerid larvae are homologous with the thoracic legs is 
not universally accepted, however. Diirken (1907, 1909) and 
Borner (19090) are the latest representatives of the two views 
which look upon the Ephemerid lateral gills as dorsal and not 
homologous with legs and as ventral and homologous, respec- 
tively. We may not compare the lateral gills of Euphaea, 


Am&opleura and Cora larvae with those of the Ephemerid 
larvae until much fuller data are at hand regarding the de- 
tailed structure, position, musculature and tracheation of each. 
The present study of Cora larvae supplies much fuller informa- 
tion than exists for either of the other two Odonate genera 
mentioned. The markedly ventral position of the gills in 
question in Cora is in itself some evidence against homolo- 
gizing these structures with those of the Ephemeridae and 
in favor of their own serial homology with thoracic legs. No 
traces of these gills are present on the exterior of the abdo- 
men of images of Cora preserved in alcohol immediately 
after capture. 

The caudal tracheal gills of Cora larvae are very different 
in shape from the similarly situated gills of all other Odonate 
larvae yet described, including those of Euphaca (cf. Folsom's 
figure, /. c.) and Aniso pleura, of which latter I possess a pho- 
tograph from Hagen's specimen, taken and given to me by 
Prof. J. G. Needham. In both of these latter two genera the 
caudal gills taper posteriorly to an acute apex. 

As related in the opening pages of this paper, the attempt to 
rear these larvae to transformation was unsuccessful. That 
they are the larvae of Cora and, so far as the Juan Vinas 
specimens at least are concerned, the larvae of Cora chirripa 
Calvert (1907, p. 348) is rendered practically certain from a 
comparison of the wing-rudiments of larva No. 4 with those 
of an imago of this species taken at the same ditch April 30, 
1910. The left hind wing-pad of larva No. 4 was slit open, 
the wing rudiment removed from within and examined in 
alcohol under the compound microscope. The inner and outer 
surfaces of the rudiment gave the views represented in PI. Ill, 
figs. 23 and 24 respectively. The veins shown in these figures 
are bands of reddish-brown pigment granules in the rudiment 
itself. The left hind wing of the imago mentioned was com- 
pared with camera drawings of the two surfaces of the wing- 
rudiment of the larva. At first the identification of the larval 
wing veins proceeded slowly until it occurred to me that per- 


haps the two surfaces of the wing rudiment might present only 
convex and concave veins respectively. Turning then to the 
imaginal wing the following lists were made proceeding in 
every case from the anterior toward the posterior wing margin. 
Convex veins: proximal half of the wing, C, Ri, Rs, M/}., A 
and Cu2; distal half, C, Ri, Mia, two supplementary sectors, 
Rs, three supplementary sectors, M/|., Cu2a, Cu2b. 

Concave veins: proximal half of wing, Sc, Mi, M3, Cui ; 
distal half. Mi, two supplementary sectors, M2, one supple- 
mentary sector, M3, two supplementary sectors, Cui, one sup- 
plementary sector between Cu2a and Cu2b. 

As is well known the inner surface of the wing-pad and 
wing-rudiment of an Odonate larva corresponds to the upper 
surface of the imaginal wing, and the outer surface in the 
larva to the under surface in the imago. On comparing the 
list of convex veins with the drawing of the inner surface of 
the wing-rudiment and the list of concave veins with that of 
the outer surface of the wing-rudiment, it was seen that a 
close correspondence existed with these exceptions : that C 
(costa) showed on both surfaces, as also did a thickening all 
along the posterior margin and to greater or less extents Sc 
(sub-costa), Ri (first branch of radius), Mi (first branch of 
media), A (anal), Cu2b and the supplementary sector between 
Cu2a and Ci\2b. The wing-rudiment was then cleared in cedar 
oil and examined in strong transmitted sunlight, when the 
vein-rudiments of both inner and outer surfaces could be seen 
from either surface by proper focussing, whereas before clear- 
ing only those of the surface turned up toward the lens could 
be discerned. All the vein-rudiments now appeared in their 
proper sequence giving the alternation of convex and concave 
veins so easily seen in an imaginal wing. Careful focussing 
also revealed the fact that at this stage the veins are developed 
only upon one surface of the wing-rudiment, either inner or 
outer, except in the case of the costa and of the thickening 
along the hind margin. The other exceptions noted above are 
all veins near the margins where the wing-rudiment is thinner 


and where they can be seen through it. Even in these ex- 
ceptions the veins appear fainter and narrower on one sur- 
face than the other and are stronger and wider on their proper 
surface, e. g. Sc and Mi, concave veins, on the outer surface; 
Ri, A and Cu2b, convex veins, on the inner surface. 

Another fact shown by these comparisons and the figures 
is that the cross-veins only appear continuous from one longi- 
tudinal vein to another when the two longitudinal veins so 
connected are two, one of which immediately follows the other 
in the imaginal wing. (Cf. the cross-veins between Ri and 
Mi and between Mi and M2 in PI. Ill, fig. 24.) 

It would thus appear that each longitudinal vein develops on 
one surface of the wing-rudiment before it appears on the 
other surface. Before transformation is reached each vein 
has formed on both surfaces of the future wing but not neces- 
sarily equally on both surfaces, as may be seen from Hagen's 
figures (1889) from photographs of wings split into their two 
laminae immediately after transformation and expansion. 

These facts of the development of the veins on one surface 
of the wing-rudiment before the other have a practical value 
in identifying Odonate larvae by this method and do not seem 
to be included in Prof. Needham's (1904, p. 687) suggestions 
on this point. 

In the larva of Cora there exist the following generalized 
features : antennae with no hypertrophied joint, biramous man- 
dibles, paired ventral tracheal gills (if they be morphologically 
equivalent to legs), and perhaps the empodium-like part, side 
by side with specialized features in the form of cuticular 
scales, almost completely fused halves of the labium and thick- 
ened, shortened caudal gills. If to these generalized parts of 
the larva we add the generalized features of the imaginal 
venation pointed out or implied by Prof. Needham (19030, 
pp. 731, 746), we have good grounds for looking on Cora and 
its allies as being in many respects the most primitive of living 



BORNER, C. 1909 a. Die Tracheenkiemen der Ephemeriden, Zool. 
Anzeig. XXXIII, Nr. 24-25. Jan. 5. 

IBID. 1909 b. Neue Homologien zwischen Crustaccen vnd Hexa- 
poden. Die Beissmandibel der Insekten und ihre phylogenetische Be- 
deutung. Archi- und Metapterygota. Zool. Anzeig. XXXIV, Nr. 3-4. 
Mar. 2. 

BUTLER, H. 1904. The labium of the Odonata. Trans. Amer. Ent. 
Soc. XXX. 

CALVERT, P. P. 1901-1909. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Neuron- 
tera : Odonata. 

DiiRKEN, B. 1907. Die Tracheenkiemenmuskulatur der Ephemeri- 
den unter Beriicksichtigung der Morphologic des Insektenfliigels. 
Zeitschr. wiss. Zool. LXXXVII. 

IBID. 1909. Zur Frage nach der Morphologic der Kiemen der 
Ephemeriden-Larven. Zool. Anzeig. XXXIV. June 29. 

HAGEN, H. 1880. Essai d'un Synopsis des Larves de Calopter- 
ygines. Comp. Rend. Soc. Ent. Belg. ler Mai. 

IBID. 1889. Spaltung eines Fliigels urn das doppelte Adernetz zu 
zeigen. Zool. Anzeig. Nr. 312. 

HEYMONS, R. 1896 a. Ueber die Lebensweise und Entwicklung 
von Ephemera vulgata. Sitzungsber. Gesell. naturforsch. Freunde Ber- 

IBID. 1896 b. Grundziige der Entwickelung und des Korperbaues 
von Odonaten und Ephemeriden. Anhang Abhdl. Konigl. preuss. Akad. 
Wiss. Berlin. 

KARSCH, F. 1893. Die Insekten der Berglandschaft Adeli im Hinter- 
lande von Togo (Westafrika). Berlin. Ent. Zeit. XXXVIII. 

NEEDHAM, J. G. 1903 a. A Genealogic Study of Dragon-fly Wing 
Venation. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. XXVI. 

IBID. 1903 b. Life Histories of Odonata, suborder Zygoptcn. N. 
York State Museum, Bulletin 68. 

IBID 1904. New Dragon-fly nymphs in the United States National 
Museum. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. XXVII. 

PACKARD, A. S. 1898. A Text-book of Entomology, New York. 
The Macmillan Co. 


Larva of Cora. 

Fig. i. Left latero-ventral view of larva No. 4 9. 
Fig. 2. Dorsal view of larva No. 3 $ . Right caudal gill lacking. 
Figs, i and 2 from photographs of alcoholic specimens. X 2.6. 


Fig. 3. Small fragment of surface of left caudal trachea! gill, 
larva No. 3, showing two scales and four articular pits for others. X 


Fig. 4. Scale from same gill as fig. 3. X 210. 
Fig. 5. Scale from first antennal joint shown in fig. 10. X 210. 
Fig. 6. First left tibia and tarsus of larva No. 4. X 8.5. 
Fig. 7. End view, hind end of abdomen of larva No. 2 $, caudal 
gills removed. X 8.5. 

Fig. 8. Dorsal view, hind end of abdomen of larva No. 2 $ , caudal 
gills removed. X 8.5. 

Fig. 9. Left caudal gill, ventro-mesial view, combined from draw- 
ings from larvae Nos. i, 2, 3, to show tracheation. The dotted line in- 
dicates the boundary between a central, clearer, unsealed area and an 
opaque, scaled margin. X 5.8. 

Fig. 10. Right antenna, dorsal view, larva No. 3, $ . X 16.5. 
Fig. ii. Scale from tibia or tarsus of fig. 6. X 210. 
Fig. 12. Ventral surface of distal end of tarsus. X 8.5. 
Fig. 13. Dorsal view of branches of left anterior gastric trachea 
shown in fig. 17. X about 12.5. 

Fig. 14. Right lateral view of metathorax and abdomen of larva 
No. 4, $ . X 5-5- 

Fig. 15. Ventral view of same. X 5.5. 

Fig. 16. Left mandible, mesial surface, larva No. 2, $ . X 21. The 
dotted line shows the line of flexure of the internal branch. 

Fig. 17. Left side of stomach to show tracheation, larva No. 3, <5 . 
X about 12.5. 

Fig. 18. Ninth abdominal segment to show gonapophyses, larva 
No. 3, $ X 5.5. 

Fig. 19. Left latero-dorsal view of intestine to show tracheal sup- 
ply, larva No. 3, $ ; Malpighian tubules omitted. X about 12.5. 

Fig. 20. Right gill of fifth abdominal segment, larva No. 3, $ . 
The gill has been left untouched, the viscera of the segment removed 
with the exception of the tracheae supplying the gill. To the left of 
chr a portion of the chitinous ventral wall of the segment is shown, to 
the right of chr is a portion of the tergite which has been turned out- 
ward (laterad) to show the structures within the segment. The por- 
tions of the two main tracheal trunks rdt and rlt have been turned 
outward to give a clearer view of the branches to the gill. Compare 
with the fifth abdominal segment in fig. 22. X about 23. 

Fig. 21. Dorsal view of head, larva No. 4, 9. The dotted lines 
show the outlines of pale marks. X 7.8. 

Fig. 22. Dorsal view of chief thoracic and abdominal viscera, 
larva No. 3, $ . The body has been opened along the mid-dorsal line. 
The ganglion has been omitted from second abdominal segment, the 


wing-pads from left side, the dorsal longitudinal abdominal muscles 
from the right; not all of these muscles (dim} are shown even on the 
left side. X 7.8. 

Fig. 23. Inner surface of left hind wing-rudiment ( = : upper sur- 
face of imaginal wing) with the outline of its enveloping wing-pad, 
wp, larva No. 4, $ . X 12.4. 

Fig. 24. Outer surface of the same (= : under surface of imaginal 
wing). X 12.4. 

Fig. 25. Transverse section of right gill of sixth abdominal seg- 
ment of larva No. 3, $ . X 55.5. 

Fig. 26. Transverse section of chief tracheal trunk of same gill in 
section immediately following that shown in fig. 25. X 55.5. 

Fig. 27. Distal end of lateral lobe from fig. 30. X 28. 

Fig. 28. Inner (dorsal) surface of distal end of median lobe from 
fig. 30. X 28. 

Fig. 29. Distal end of left maxilla from fig. 31. X 25. 

Fig. 30. Ventral (outer) surface of labium, larva No. 2, $ . X 8. 

Fig. 31. Left maxilla and hypopharynx, ventral view, larva No. 
2, 9. X 13. 

Abbreviations Used in the Plates. 

A, Anal vein (= proximal part of second sector of triangle of Selys). 
clir, Chitinous ridge forming lateral margin of an abdominal segment. 
GUI, Cu2, First and second branches of cubitus vein (= first and distal 

part of second sectors of triangle of de Selys). 
d, di, d2, Dorsal branches of lagt. 
dim, Dorsal longitudinal muscles. 
gm, Gill muscle fibres. 
gp, Gonapophyses. 
gt, Gill trachea. 

im, Interarticular membrane between first antennal joint and head. 
IX, Ninth abdominal segment. 
/, /I-/4, Lateral branches of lagt. 
lagt. Left anterior gastric trachea. 
/ t -. Point of attachment of left caudal gill. 
Idt, Left dorsal trachea. 
Idrt, Left dorsal rectal trachea. 
///, Left lateral trachea. 
//;/, Left lateral rectal trachea. 
Ipgt, Left posterior gastric trachea. 
Mi, M2, MS, A/4, Branches of media vein ( == principal, nodal, median 

and short sectors of de Selys respectively). 
Mia, Branch of Ml ( = ultra-nodal sector of de Selys). 
meg, Median caudal gill. 


mg, Metathoracic (+ first abdominal?) ganglion. 

msp, Metathoracic spiracle. 

wit, Malpighian tubes. 

oc, Oesophagus. 

Ri, First branch of radius vein (= median vein of de Selys). 

1-4, Fourth lateral branch of right anterior gastric trachea. 

rcg, Point of attachment of right caudal gill. 

rcgt, Right caudal gill trachea. 

rdrt, Right dorsal rectal trachea. 

rdt, Right dorsal trachea. 

rlrt. Right lateral rectal trachea. 

rlt, Right lateral trachea. 

Ks, Radial sector (= sub-nodal sector of de Selys). 

so, Superior appendages of imago ('Cercoids'). 

Sc, Subcosta vein. 

sbl, Sub-anal lamina. 

sp, Site of future spiracle. 

spl, Supra-anal lamina. 

tab. Tendon of abductor mandibulae. 

tad, Tendon of adductor mandibulae. 

ts, Testes. 

t*, Tooth on median labial lobe. 

u, Undetermined tube. 

rd, Vas deferens (beginning of). 

wm, Wing muscle. 

wp, Outline of wing-pad. 

X, Tenth abdominal segment. 

The Tenth Pleocoma (Col.). 


On the 1 2th of last October, Mr. Chas. Camp, a student in 
the Pasadena High School, while repairing a trail in a small 
canon in the mountains near Sierra Madre, cut into a large 
beetle a few inches below the surface, the remains of which 
he brought to me for identification. 

The specimen proved to be a female Pleocoma; a most in- 
teresting discovery, inasmuch as no representative of the 
genus had ever been found in this vicinity. One hundred and 
fifty miles north, along the South Fork of the Kaweah River 


Plate III. 



is the home of P. hoppingi; from the Cuyamaca Mts., one hun- 
dred miles south came the unique type of P. puncticollis, and 
in the Santa Monica Mts., near the coast, and not more than 
thirty miles distant a single wing cover of a Pleocoma has 
been picked up, showing the presence of the genus in that 
somewhat isolated range. The Sierra Madre Mts. ought then 
by good rights to harbor a species of this remarkable genus, 
but the obscure habits, and the ephemeral existence of the 
perfect insects has enabled them to escape detection up to this 

In the absence of the male it was not possible to identify 
Mr. Camp's specimen with certainty, and he was urged to 
keep a sharp lookout for males during or immediately follow- 
ing the next rain. This was done, and on the I5th of Novem- 
ber during a drizzling rain nineteen males were taken in about 
an hour at the same spot in an area not more than one hun- 
dred feet across. The beetles flew slowly and apparently aim- 
lessly, keeping as a rule a foot or two above the ground. Mr. 
Camp was unable to define the extent of the flight, either in 
time or space, but there is little doubt that both were quite lim- 
ited. Unfortunately no special attempt was made to locate the 
females, and it is doubtful if it will now be possible to secure 
any this season. 

A careful study of the males indicates rather close relation- 
ship with fimbriata and puncticollis, but with a sufficiently 
marked and constant deviation from either to warrant a dis- 
tinctive name. The following description and comparative 
notes are therefore offered: 

P. australis n. sp. 

Male. Black, shining, glabrous above, the long hairs of the marginal 
fringe and under surface reddish brown. Antennae and cephalic 
structure very nearly as in fimbriata. Prothorax slightly more than 
twice as wide as long in horizontal projection, sides arcuately con- 
vergent in front, subparallel and feebly or barely perceptibly sinuate 
posteriorly, the hind angles obtuse but well defined and usually slightly 
prominent ; disk flattened and obliquely declivous in front, the median 
line broadly vaguely impressed anteriorly and again more narrowly 


so for a short distance at base ; sides with the usual impression ; sur- 
face closely moderately coarsely punctate throughout. Elytra obvi- 
ously wider at base than the prothorax, varying from a little less to a 
little more than 3-10 longer than wide, sides nearly parallel, surface 
finely lightly punctured between the feebly defined geminate striae. 

Length, 241/2-28 mm.; width, 14-1554 mm. 

Female. Castaneous, of the usual robust form; the clypeus more 
narrowly but very distinctly triangularly emarginate ; surface sculpture 
rougher than in the male, as is usual. 

Habitat. Bailey Canon, San Gabriel Mts., near Sierra Ma- 
dre, California; elevation 2500 ft. 

Compared with fimbriata the present species differs most 
conspicuously in the more coarsely and closely punctured tho- 
rax and smoother elytra ; there are, however, a number of 
other differences which are evident on closer attention. Three 
males in my collection from Eldorado Co. are undoubtedly 
typical representatives of fimbriata; all these agree in being 
relatively broader than any of the new series ; the prothorax is 
scarcely narrower than the base of the elytra, with the sides 
more rounded posteriorly and with ill defined hind angles, the 
cephalic horn is also longer and more slender than in australis, 
in which it is distinctly more triangular when viewed laterally. 
In all my typical fimbriata the third antennal joint is shorter 
than the next two combined ; in australis it is equal to the next 
two, and in puncticollis it is said to be longer than the two fol- 
lowing. Puncticollis differs conspicuously in having the long 
hair of the under body black. 

THE COMMITTEE appointed to represent and look after the interests 
of the International Entomological Congress for the United States 
consists of Dr. Philip P. Calvert, Prof. T. D. A. Cockerell. Prof. T. H. 
Comstock, Prof. H. C. Fall, Prof. C. P. Gillette. Dr. W. J. Holland. 
Prof. A. D. Hopkins, Dr. L. O. Howard, Prof. C. W. Johnson, Prof. 
V. L. Kellogg, Prof. Herbert Osborn, Dr. John B. Smith, Dr. Ch. W. 
Stiles, Dr. Creiehton Wellman. Dr. W. M. Wheeler. The committee 
for Canada is Dr. C. J. S. Bethune, Dr. C. G. Hewitt, Henry H. Ly- 
man. The Permanent Executive Committee consists of Dr. Malcolm 
Ilurr, Dr. Walther Horn, Dr. K. Jordan, P. Lesne, G. Severin, Henry 

The Executive Committee will meet in Paris in August of this year 
to arrange for the Second International Congress to be held in Ox- 
ford, England, in 1913, 


Descriptions of New Species of Cynipidae (Hym.)- 

By WILLIAM BEUTENMULLER, American Museum of Natural 

History, New York. 

Dryophanta clavula, sp. nov. 

Female. Head rufous, infuscated along the face and on the vertex 
around the ocelli,, evenly and finely reticulately punctate, sparsely 
hairy, eyes black. Antennae i4-jointed, first joint stout, short, second 
joint much smaller and stout, third to sixth joints long and slender, 
third longest; remaining joints short and subequal, dusky brown, some- 
what darker toward the tip. Thorax pitchy brown, rufous posteriorly 
and anteriorly at the sides, microscopically pitted, especially anteriorly, 
shining and with scattered decumbent, yellowish hairs. Parapsidal 
grooves deep and distinct, widely separated anteriorly and running 
obliquely backward to the scutellum, where they are close together. 
Median groove wanting. Anterior parallel lines broad, shining, smooth 
and scarcely extending to the middle of the thorax. Grooves at base 
of wings scarcely evident. Scutellum subopaque, dull rufous, finely 
and evenly rugose with an almost imperceptible basal groove. Abdo- 
men pitchy brown, somewhat rufous ventrally, smooth, shining ; ventral 
sheath yellowish with long hairs. Legs dull yellowish brown with 
short hairs. Wings hyaline, pubescent, veins brown, heavily marked, 
especially the cross-veins ; apical region with about seven small brown 
dots and a larger brown patch, and with three large brown clouds 
about the middle of the wings. Radial area closed with the veins 
thickened at the costa. Areolet present. Cubitus faint and extending 
to the first cross-vein. Length 1.5-2 mm. 

Gall. On the under side of the leaves of a species of white oak 
(probably Qucrcus douglasi). -Monothalamous. Narrow and almost 
parallel to about the middle, thence suddenly becoming inflated into 
a club with the apex pointed. At the extreme base it is slightly broader 
and is attached by a point to the leaf. The gall very much resembles 
a miniature Indian club in shape. Brown in color, and the larva lives 
in the inflated part of the gall in a rounded cell. Length, 5-7 mm. ; 
width of narrow part, I mm., of thickened part, 1.75 mm. 

Habitat: California (Napa and Sonoma Countries). De- 
scribed from twelve specimens. 

Type Collection U. S. National Museum. 

Dryophanta multipunctata sp. nov. 

Female. Head yellowish brown, face broadly infuscated, eyes and 
ocelli black, microscopically, evenly granulose and pubescent. Antennae 
J4-jointed, first joint stout, second joint stout and much shorter than 


the first; third joint very long and slender, fourth to sixth joints slen- 
der, subequal and shorter than the third; remaining joints gradually 
becoming shorter and slightly thicker toward the tip, pitchy brown 
black and pubescent. Thorax shining, finely and evenly pitted, with 
decumbent yellowish hairs, pitchy brown, somewhat rufous between 
the parapsidal grooves at the scutellum. Parapsidal grooves rather 
deep, widely separated anteriorly and converging at the scutellum, 
where they are moderately, widely separated. Anterior parallel lines 
very fine and indistinct. Lateral grooves distinct. Median groove 
wanting. Scutellum pitchy brown inclined to rufous, finely and evenly 
pitted, with yellowish hairs, basal groove not distinct. Abdomen pitchy 
black or dull rufous, smooth and shining dorsally, and covered with 
short pale hairs at the sides and venter. Legs pitchy brown or dull 
yellowish brown, pubescent. Wings hyaline, veins brown, cross-veins 
very heavy, outer portion of wings beyond the middle with many small 
brown spots, except in the radial area; about the middle of the wings 
two brown clouds situated on the veins. Areolet present. Cubitus con- 
tinuous to the first cross-vein. Length, 2.75-3 mm. 

Gall. On the under side of the leaves of a species of oak. Mono- 
thalamous. Gray brown, spherical, sometimes slightly flattened at the 
base where the gall is attached to the leaf. The gall is irregularly 
wrinkled and covered with a dense, short and compact wooly substance 
and hairs. In general appearance it resembles the gall of Philonlx 
lanaeglolntli. Diameter about 5 mm. 

Habitat Kern County, California, December 6th, 1892. 
Type United States National Museum. 
Described from two specimens and two galls. 

Holcaspis chrysolepidis sp. nov. 

Female. Head, thorax and scutellum pale yellowish brown, abdomen 
somewhat darker with the dorsal region infuscated ; legs slightly paler 
with the claws black. Antennae yellowish brown, terminal joints 
darker. Head very finely and evenly granulated, pubescent; ocelli and 
eyes black. Antennae 14- jointed. Thorax finely and evenly punctate 
with pale decumbent hairs. Parapsidal grooves very fine, less distinct 
anteriorly and almost parallel. Anterior parallel lines distinct, shining 
and extending to the middle of the thorax. Lateral grooves sharply 
defined, long and shining. Scutellum hairy, finely and evenly rugose. 
Abdomen shining, smooth, with a small patch of hairs at the base later- 
ally. Legs pubescent. Wings long, yellowish hyaline, veins yellowish 
and are usually closely pressed together. Width 5-10 mm. Height 4-7 

Gall. On the twigs of oak (Quercus chrysolepidis}. Monothalamous. 
Hard woody. Irregular in shape, somewhat rounded, sides flattened, 


slightly oblique, ridged around the upper part of the sides, apex 
rounded. They occur singly and in rows of two, three, four or more, 
and are usually closely pressed together. Width 5-10 mm. Height 
4-7 mm. 

Habitat Placer Co., California, November and December. 

Types United States National Museum. 

Described from nine examples. 

The gall of this species was figured by me in the Bulle- 
tin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. XXVI, 
plate VIII, figs. 8 and 9. 

Philonix californica sp. nov. 

Female. Head pitchy brown black, minutely rugose with scattered, 
short hairs. Antennae 13-jointed; first joint stout, cylindrical; second 
joint shorter, stout and rounded at the tip; third joint very long and 
slender; fourth, fifth and sixth joints slender and shorter than the 
third; remaining joints gradually becoming shorter and thicker toward 
the thirteenth, all pitchy brown and pubescent. Thorax pitchy brown 
or dull rufous, evenly rugose, somewhat wrinkled and with a few 
scattered hairs. Parapsidal grooves very fine and somewhat lost in the 
rough surface anteriorly, convergent at the scutellum. Scutellum 
evenly rugose like the thorax, and of the same color. Abdomen com- 
pressed convex at the sides and rather sharply keeled on the dorsum 
and venter, dark pitchy brown, smooth and shining. Legs pitchy brown, 
somewhat paler than the abdomen and pubescent. Wings aborted, not 
extending to the middle of the abdomen. Length i mm. 

Gall. On the upper surface of the leaves of a species of white oak. 
Monothalamous. Rounded, flattened disc-like, becoming slightly ele- 
vated toward the middle. The sides are flat and very thin, and the gall 
rests closely on the leaf. The larva lives in the center of the elevated 
part. The color is pinkish or purplish, with the apex sometimes yel- 
lowish. Width, 3 to 4 mm. Height, i mm. 

Habitat Kern Co., California, January. 
Type United States National Museum. 
Described from fiv.e females. 

Andricus caepulaeformis sp. nov. 

Female. Head large, broader than the thorax, reddish brown, evenly 
and finely granulose. Antennae 14-jointed; first joint very stout and 
inflated; second joint short, subcylindrical; third joint very long and 
slender; fourth joint also slender, shorter than the third, remaining 
joints subequal, all blackish except the basal one which is rufous. 
Thorax minutely granulose with a few hairs. Parapsidal grooves pres- 


ent, but not prominent, almost parallel. Anterior parallel lines scarcely 
evident. Median line running from the scutellum to about the middle 
of the thorax, not distinct. Pleurae with a large, smooth shining area. 
Scutellum rufous, rugose, foveae at base oblique and opaque. Abdomen 
reddish brown, posterior half piceous, smooth and shining. Legs red- 
dish brown, long .and slender, pubescent. Wings (immature) hyaline, 
veins brown. Length, 4 mm. 

Gall. In clusters around the twig of black oak (Qucrcus velutina). 
Monothalamous. Rounded with the apex pointed, and the sides longi- 
tudinally grooved. The rounded part is hollow and rather thin walled, 
and the base of the gall is imbedded in a cavity in the twig. Rose 
colored, hard and woody (when dry). In general appearance the gall 
resembles a very small seed onion. Length 5-8 mm. Width 4-5 mm. 

Habitat Indiana. (Mel. T. Cook). 

Andricus pisiformis sp. nov. 

Female. Head dark reddish brown, finely granulated and with short 
pale hairs. Antennae i3-jointed, reddish brown, terminal joints black- 
ish. Thorax dark pitchy brown, reddish brown along the parapsidal 
grooves and laterally, minutely reticulated and with many pits, from 
each of which arises a short, decumbent, yellowish hair. Parapsidal 
grooves deep and well denned. Median groove distinct, and less so 
anteriorly. Lateral grooves deep. Anterior parallel lines not extend- 
ing to the middle of the thorax. Scutellum reddish brown, rugose and 
with two large, deep, shining black foveae at the base. These are sep- 
arated by a fine ridge. Pleurae pubescent, with a rather large shining 
area, pitchy brown. Abdomen subglobose, inflated, pitchy brown, 
smooth and shining. Legs brown, punctate and pubescent. Wings 
hyaline, veins brown, cross-veins heavy. Areolet small. Cubitus not 
reaching the first cross-vein. Length 2-3.50 mm. 

Gall. On the terminal twigs of white oak {Quercus alba) and post 
oak (Quercus minor) from the middle of May to early in June. Mono- 
thalamous. Spherical or pea-like. Milky white or pale greenish white, 
speckled and marbled with green or lilac. Fleshy when fresh, hard 
and woody when old and dry. It is hollow inside with no separate 
larval chamber. It is evidently a bud gall. Diameter 3-6 mm. 

Habitat New Jersey (Lakehurst) ; Massachusetts (Bos- 

The flies mature in the gall during the latter part of Sep- 
tember and in October, but do not emerge until the following 
spring. The gall is a pretty object and looks like a very small 
marble. The specimens on white oak from Boston were col- 
lected by Miss Cora H. Clarke at the Arnold Arboretum. 


Studies Amongst the Coccinellidae, No. 2, (Col.). 

By F. W. NUNENMACHER, Piedmont, California. 
Since my last paper on Coccinellidae* several friends and 
correspondents have sent me material in various genera in- 
cluding several species new to science, and as some of these 
are of considerable interest it seems worth while to publish 
the following descriptions at this time: 

Genus PSYLLOBORA Mulsant. 
Psyllobora koebelei n. sp. 

$. Color: Whitish yellow with chocolate brown markings disposed 
as follows : Pronotum with the five common discal spots, each elytron 
with one juxta-scutellar and one median basal dot, one marginal small 
dot placed a little before the middle, and one irregular blotch roughly 
quadrate in form, placed its own width from the margin and close to 
the suture and rather behind the middle. Mouth parts testaceous; 
ventral surface black except mesothoracic episterna, which are white 
and last four ventral segments, which are testaceous, as are the legs. 
Form convex, subovate; head, impunctate; pronotum very finely and 
sparsely punctured ; elytra moderately coarsely punctured ; ventral sur- 
face, sternum moderately coarsely punctured ; abdomen smooth. 

Length, 2.25 mm. Width, 2 mm. 

Type $ in my collection. 

Type locality Nogales, Santa Cruz Co., Ariz. vi. 02. 

This species, which feeds on the scale infesting mistletoe, 
comes nearest to P. luctuosa Muls., from which it can readily 
be told by the elytral design. The type was kindly given me 
by Mr. A. Koebele in whose collection there are several speci- 
mens. According to his observations (No. 2426), this species, 
when alive, has a ground color of beautiful shimmering sil- 
very green. 

Genus AXION Mulsant. 
Axion incompletus n. sp. 

$. Color: Head light ferrugineous, pronotum and elytra black, 
the former with the anterior angles ferrugineous and a beaded line of 
the same color along the entire anterior margin, each elytron with a 
median double coalescing spot at the callus, nearer the margin than the 
suture, the shape of this spot being obliquely and roundly oblong with 
a prolongation towards the base of the elytron; ventral surface uni- 

* See ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for April, 1909, p. 161 ff. 


formly ferrugineous except the head, which is infuscate, mesosternum, 
tibiae and tarsi piceous. Form as in tripustulatus DeG., head slightly 
nitid, almost impunctate ; maxillary palpi black, last article inflated, 
somewhat flattened, truncate and excavated at apex ; pronotum some- 
what shining, almost impunctate ; scutellum very small ; elytra with 
texture as in head and thorax; -ventral surface with sternum finely and 
thickly punctured, except the mesosternum, which is smooth and very 
nitid, ventral sternites finely, thickly and striately punctured except the 
base of the segments, which are smooth ; fifth ventral rather deeply 
notched ; legs with femora slightly rugose, tibiae smooth and sparsely 

Type $ in my collection. 

Type locality Lincoln Park Beach, Chicago, 111., (Wol- 

This form can be told at a glance from tripustulatus DeG. 
by the absence of the sutural spot. I owe the type to the 
kindness of my friend, Mr. Frederick Knab, of Washington, 

D. C. 

Genus HYPERASPIS Chevrolat. 

Hyperaspis lateralis, var. flammula n. var. 

Color, structure and ornamentation as in lateralis Muls., except that 
the marginal vitta of each elytron is longer and is connected with the 
common discal spot by an isthmus of the same color as the vitta and 
spot ; this isthmus rises from a point at about the posterior third of 
the vitta. 

Type $ 5 and one cotype ( 2 ) in my collection. 

Type locality Montana. 

Geo. Dist. Montana, 2 specimens ; Golden, Col. vii, 18. 
09. one specimen (W. J. Gerhard). 

I have seen examples of this variety in several collections 
in the east including the Horn collection of the American 
Entomological Society. The $ 2 type was kindly given me 
by Mr. Chas. Liebeck of Philadelphia, the cotype from Col- 
orado by my friend Mr. A. B. Wolcott. In the latter the 
elytral pattern shows slight signs of a reversion towards the 
typical design. 

Hyperaspis wellmani n. sp. 

Color: Shining black, elytra with reddish yellow markings, disposed 
similarly to those of lateralis Muls., except that the marginal vittae 
distinctly increase in width posteriorly and do not reach as nearly the 


base of the elytra as in the species mentioned, also the discal and sub- 
apical spots are constantly smaller and regularly circular, ventral sur- 
face black except that portion of the reflexed margin of the elytra 
occupied by the marginal vittae. Form regularly oval ; head very 
sparsely and minutely punctured; pronotum a little more heavily and 
thickly punctured; scutellum large with a few coarse punctures; elytra 
more thickly punctured than head, but less thickly than pronotum ; 
ventral surface with mesosternum smooth, episternum of mesothorax 
very coarsely punctured. Head of $ chrome yellow, the anterior bor- 
der of the pronotum narrowly, and the lateral borders heavily mar- 
gined with the same color, the lateral margin not quite reaching the 
base, anterior pair of legs and tarsi of all yellowish. 

$ . Entirely black except elytral markings, tarsi dark fuscous. 

Length. $ 2.5 mm., $ 3.1 mm. 

Width. $ 1.7 mm., $ 2.1 mm. 

Type $ $ and five cotypes, one $ and four $ $ , in my 

Type locality Goldfield, Esmeralda Co., Nevada, vi. 27. 07 

In general form and markings the specimens are remark- 
ably constant. I have many times bred lateralis and the larva 
of wellmani is strikingly different from that species. The fol- 
lowing table will aid in separating the adults : 

1. (2) Marginal vittae broad, not increasing posteriorly, episternum of 

mesothorax mediumly punctured, foveae for reception of 
hind tibiae rather shallow, size large and form more convex 
than the following species lateralis 

2. (i) Marginal vittae narrow, distinctly increasing posteriorly, epi- 

sternum of mesothorax very coarsely punctured, foveae for 
reception of hind tibiae deep, size smaller and less convex 
than preceding species wellmani 

Hyperaspis wolcotti n. sp. 

9- Color: Head, pronotum and scutellum black, the pronotum with 
rather wide stramineous lateral margins, elytra piceous with stramine- 
ous markings arranged as follows : A wide marginal, strongly sinuous 
vitta extending from the humeral angle of each elytron to a point near 
the suturoapical angle ; for about its posterior third, this vitta does not 
entirely reach the margin of the elytron ; a narrow edging of the elytral 
ground color appearing outside of the vitta ; the apical end of the vitta 
is constricted near the extremity tending to form an apical spot ; a sec- 
ond straight juxta-sutural oblique vitta extends from the base of the 
elytron to about two-thirds its length, the obliquity being from near 


the scutellum outwards and backwards ; ventral surface uniformly dark- 
fuscous, legs dark testaceous. Form narrowly oval, not very convex 
with sides subparallel ; head shining, very sparsely and minutely punc- 
tured; maxillary palpi dark testaceous, last article securiform, the apex 
strongly pointed; pronotum very shining, rather more strongly densely 
punctured than the head ; scutellum small with a few minute punctures ; 
elytra much more coarsely and thickly punctured than the pronotum ; 
ventral surface, sternum moderately coarsely punctured except meso- 
sternum, which is smoother in center; episternum of mesothorax more 
heavily punctured, abdominal segments with bases rather smooth but 
becoming more coarsely punctured and pubescent towards the sides ; 
legs with ridges, somewhat pubescent. 
Length. 9 2.25 mm., width 1.25 mm. 

Type 9 and two cotypes in my collection. 

Type locality Buffiington, Ind. (Pine Barrens) vii. 26. 10. 
(A. B. Wolcott). 

This species can be readily separated from any of the oth- 
er species by the elytral pattern and less convex subparallel 
form. The type was received from my friend, Mr. A. B. Wol- 

Hyperaspis ploribunda n. sp. 

$ 9 Color : Head, pronotum and scutellum black, elytra dark fus- 
cous, palpi, antennae, tarsi and inflexed sides of elytra very dark testa- 
ceous. Form, oblong oval, depressed, somewhat widened posteriorly; 
head extremely finely, sparsely and shallowly punctured; pronotum 
finely and closely punctured ; elytra less thickly and closely punctured 
than pronotum, the punctuation being thickest and coarsest towards the 
scutellum ; the punctures are all very shallow ; ventral surface sparsely 
and shallowly punctured. 

$ smaller than $ , with sixth ventral slightly notched. 

Length. $ 1.5 mm., $ 1.75 mm. 

Width. $ i.i mm., $ 1.25 mm. 

Type $ 9 in my collection. 

Type locality Goldfield, Esmeralda Co., Nevada, vi. 29. 07. 
four specimens. (Nunemnacher'). 

When I first collected these insects I thought they were 
specimens of H. arcnatus Lee. 

I wish to express my thanks to my friend Dr. Creighton 
Wellman, of Oakland, for advice and criticism during the 
preparation of this paper. 

Vol. xxii] 



Mallophaga from Californian Birds. 

By V. L. KELLOGG and J. H. PAINE, Stanford University, 


The following determinations of Mallophaga and records 
of hosts are based on specimens taken from various birds at 
Monterey, California, by Mr. Jos. Clemans, Chaplain of the 
I5th Infantry Regiment, stationed at the Presidio. 

Docophorus pertusus Nitzsch, var. monachus n. var. 
One male from the Virginia rail, Rallns virginianus (Mon- 
terey, California). 

The type, D. pertusus, has been 
found on the following birds in Cali- 
fornia : Fulica americana, Erismatura 
rubida, and Colymbus nigricollis cali- 
fornicus. The sinuous posterior mar- 
gin of the first abdominal segment 
shown in the figure of the variety is 
also found in the type, though it has 
not been referred to heretofore. 

The variety differs in the greater 
number of hairs found on the clypeus 
and on the abdomen. On the clypeus 
of the type there are two small hairs 
near the trabeculae while in the vari- 
ety there are about eight on each side 
extending from the trabeculae to the 
expansion of the pincer-like organs. 
On the posterior margin of each seg- 
ment of the abdomen in the type are 
found not more than four hairs while in the variety they are 
numerous, sixteen occurring on the fifth segment with the 
number diminishing anteriorly and posteriorly. 

Docophorus pertusus Nitzsch. 

One young specimen from the American coot Fulica ameri- 
cana (Monterey, Cal.) 

Fig. i. Docophorus pertusus 
Nitzsch. var. monachus n. 
var. Female. 


Docophorus icterodes Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the American coot, Fulica aniericana 
(Monterey, California.) 

Docophorus platyrhynchus Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the western red-tailed hawk, Buteo bore- 
alis calurus (Monterey, Cal.) 

Docophorus communis Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the shumagin fox sparrow, Passerella iliaca 
unalaschcensis (Monterey, Cal.) 

Docophorus mirus Kellogg. 

Specimens from Townsend warbler, Dendroica toivnsendi, 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Docophorus singularis Kellogg and Chapman. 
Specimens from the varied thrush, Hesperocichla naevia 
naevia. (Monterey, California). 

Docophorus incisus Kellogg. 

Specimens from the pied-billed grebe, Polidyinbus podiceps, 
cidentalis, (Monterey, Cal.) 

Nirmus fuscomarginatus Denny var. americanus Kellogg. 
Specimens from the pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps 
(Monterey, Cal.); also (straggler?) from the varied thrush, 
Hesperocichla naevia naevia (Monterey, Cal.) 

Nirmus furvus Nitzsch. 

Specimens from Wilson snipe, Gallinago delicata (Mont- 
erey, Cal.) ; also from Virginia rail, Ralhts virginianus 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Nirmus fuscus Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the western red-tailed hawk, Buteo bore- 
alis calurus (Monterey, Cal.) 

Nirmus foedus Kellogg and Chapman. 

Specimen from the black phoebe, Sayornis nigricans semi- 
atra (Monterey, Cal.)' also (straggler?) from the pied-bill- 
ed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps (Monterey, Cal.) 


Nirmus vulgatus Kellogg. 

Specimens from the Shumagin fox sparrow, Passerella 
iliaca unalaschcensis (Monterey, Cal.). 

Oncophorus minutus Nitzsch. 

Specimen from the American coot, Fnlica americana 
(Monterey, Cal.); also (straggler?) from the western blue- 
bird, Sialia mexicana occidentalis (Monterey, Cal.) 

Cncophorus bisetosus Piaget, var. californicus Kellogg and Chap- 

Specimens from the Virginia rail, Rallus virginianus 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Lipeurus temporalis Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the shoveller duck, Spatula c&ypeata 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Laemobothorium sp. 

Two specimens from the desert sparrow hawk, Falco spar- 
verius deserticolus (Monterey, Cal.) Until this genus is 
thoroughly revised we shall not attempt to make any species 
determination in it. 

Physostomum sp. 

One young specimen from Townsend warbler, Dendroica 
townsendi (Monterey, Cal.) 

Trinoton luridum Nitzsch. 

One specimen of this duck-infesting species, accredited, but 
certainly wrongly, to a desert sparrow hawk, Falco spar- 
verius deserticolus (Monterey, Cal.) The insect probably 
came from the shoveller duck, Spatula clypeata. 

Trinoton lituratum Nitzsch. 

One specimen from the shoveller duck, Spatula clypeata, 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Colpocephalum stictum n. sp. (Fig. 2). 

A single male specimen from Gallinago dclicata, Wilson's 
snipe (Monterey, Cal.) This is an elongated species with 
conspicuous blotches on head, thorax and abdomen. 


[Feb., '11 

Description of Male. Length 1.4 mm., width across abdomen .42 mm. 
Yellow brown in color with conspicuous dark chestnut markings. 

Head. Length .34 mm., width .4 mm., thus being unusually long in 
comparison with its width. Front slightly convex with three short 

spines on either side and two short 
hairs on the angles where the front 
merges into the diverging sides The 
prominent ocular emargination is al- 
most filled by the eye and the last seg- 
ment of the antennae. Ocular 
blotches dark chestnut; ocular bands 
indistinct except where they broad- 
en to form light brown blotches at 
their anterior ends. The ocular 
fringe extends around the angle on 
to the temples. Temples broadly 
rounded, occiput concave. Two oc- 
cipital triangles of dark chestnut col- 
or connected by a dark band on the 
occipital margin and extending for- 
ward. Occipital bands wanting. 
There are four hairs on the angle 
before the ocular emargination, one 
larger than the others ; five hairs on 
the temple, three long and two short- 
er ; also two hairs on the occiput near 
the center. 

Thorax. Length .34 mm., width 
34 mm p ro thorax lenticular, the 
anterior margin more flattened than 

the posterior, which latter bears a row of about twelve hairs. Meta- 
thorax trapezoidal ; very dark chestnut blotches occurring in both an- 
terior and posterior angles, and the latter angles bearing two hairs 
and a spine ; also about six hairs on the posterior margin which is 
straight. Legs pale with a fringe of hairs on the outer edge of the 

Abdomen. Length .78 mm. Last segment rounded; lateral band 
of each segment, except the last, with two dark chestnut appendages 
curving inward, one at each end of the segment, becoming lighter in 
color in the posterior segments. Very long hairs in the posterior 
angles of some of the segments. A row of hairs across each segment 
and numerous short hairs around the posterior margin of the last seg- 
ment. Transverse blotches slightly darker than general ground color of 
insect. Genitalia inconspicuous, being only slightly chitinized. 

n. sp. 


Colpocephalum flavescens Nitzsch. 

Two males from the desert sparrow hawk, Falco sparver- 
ius dcserticohis (Monterey, Cal.) 

Menopon tridens Nitzsch. 

Specimens from the pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps 
(Monterey, Cal.) 

Menopon tridens Xitzsch, var. pacificum Kellogg. 
Specimens from the pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps, 
the common loon, Gavia linker, the shoveller duck, Spatula 
clypeata, the American coot, Fnlica americana and (strag- 
gler?) the desert sparrow hawk, Falco s parvenus desertico- 
Ins, all from Monterey, California. 

Menopon sp. 

One specimen from the shoveller duck, Spatula clypeata 
(Monterey, California.) 

A Remarkable Dragonfly (Odon.). 

By CHARLES Louis POLLARD, Public Museum, Staten Island 
Association of Arts and Sciences, New Brighton, New York. 

In the account of a collecting trip in North Carolina last 
year, presented before the New York Entomological Society 
on December 21, 1909, by Mr. George P. Engelhardt and 
myself, reference was made to the capture of a dragonfly, 
Gomphoidcs ambigua Selys, as being the first record of the 
occurrence of this tropical American species within the Uni- 
ted States (see Journ. N. Y. Ent. Soc. v. 18, p. 130). 

The specimen, a male, was taken with numerous other 
Odonata on the shores of Greenfield Pond, near Wilmington, 
N. C, on August I, 1909. I am unable to recall the circum- 
stances of its capture, as I was engaged in general collecting 
at the time, and did not recognize the insect as unusual. It 
was sent with other species to Mr. R. P. Currie, of the Uni- 
ted States Department of Agriculture, who made the follow- 
ing comment in returning it : 


"Gomphoides ambigua has been reported hitherto only from 
Mexico and Guatemala and is thus new to the United States. 
It seems strange that it should have been taken in North 

When recently examining the collection of Odonata in the 
museum of the Staten Island Association of Arts and 
Sciences, Mr. Charles Schaeffer was inclined to question the 
identification, basing his opinion on two Mexican specimens 
in the Brooklyn museum, which had been determined by Pro- 
fessor Philip P. Calvert, and which differed from the Wil- 
mington insect. I thereupon sent the latter to Professor Cal- 
vert, who courteously replied at length, giving the results of 
his examination. The letter is of such interest that it is 
quoted in detail : 

"The dragonfly from Wilmington, N. C, which you sent 
me for determination falls under Gomphoides ambigua Selys, 
by my key to the Mexican, Central American and West In- 
dian species of this genus in the Biologia Centrali-Americana, 
volume Neuroptera. A comparison with specimens shows, 
however, that the Wilmington example, while possessing the 
very distinct median notch in the posterior dorsal margin of 
the last abdominal segment of ambigua, differs from ambigua 
and agrees with producta Selys of the West Indies in having 
the somewhat dilated lateral margin of the Qth segment 
(viewed laterally in profile) convex throughout, instead of 
being convex in its anterior half and concave in its posterior 
half. The sheath of the penis of the Wilmington male is pro- 
jecting, viewed laterally, as^it is in producta but not in am- 
bigua. There is also a slight difference in the shape of the 
hind dorsal margin of the loth segment ******_ The lab- 
rum, being chiefly pale green with only a narrow brown bor- 
der on its free edge, is different from that of either ambigua 
or producta. 

"Producta being the West Indian species, is what one 
would expect at Wilmington. From the above data your 
specimen seems to be intermediate between ambigua and 
producta. It is not outside the range of possibility that the 


Wilmington male may belong to some species described from 
the female only. This is a difficult matter to decide in the 
absence of actual specimens of those species. I am, therefore, 
not able to say more than that your male does not agree with 
the descriptions or specimens of any male Gomphoides. * * 

"In any event, your Wilmington specimen is the most 
northern record for this genus known to me, and therefore 
a very interesting capture." 

It is to be hoped that entomologists visiting the Wilming- 
ton region, and particularly the neighborhood of Greenfield 
Pond, will keep a sharp lookout for species of Gomphoides 
and related genera, as it is quite possible that the individual 
taken by me had been bred in the vicinity, and was not an 
accidental migrant from the West Indies.* 

THE Department of Zoology and Entomology of the Ohio State 
University has recently received as a donation a fine collection of 
Lepidoptera from Mrs. Catherine Tallant, of Richmond, Indiana. The 
collection was made by Mr. W. M. Tallant during a series of years 
in the nineties and up to about 190.=;. It contains mainly species occur- 
ring in central Ohio, especially at Columbus, but has also a number of 
species from different parts of the United States and also some fine 
examples of species occurring in South America, Japan, China, India, 
Ceylon and Africa. The collection contains about 10,000 specimens in 
most excellent condition, very beautifully mounted, and many of the 
species contain very full series, showing variations, etc., which will 
make them of special value for scientific study. They are, for the most 
part, carefully identified, well preserved and will be kept under the 
name of the "Tallant Collection" in good cases and cabinets. Taken 
with the other collections in Lepidoptera, the collection of Odonata left 
by Professor Kellicott, and those in various groups which have been 
accumulated by the efforts of the members of the Department, the 
university is now provided with an excellent collection of insects in- 
cluding representatives in all the different orders. The total number 
of specimens probably approaches close to 100,000. H. O. 

*[ According to Mr. Muttkowski's new catalogue of the Odonata of 
North America (Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Mil- 
waukee, Vol. i, art.i) the name Gomphoides Selys must be transferred 
to what de Selys and others have called Progomphits Selys. For the 
old Gomphoides Mr. Muttkowski proposes Negomphoides. If my 
view, set forth in the 'Biologia,' that Gomphoides Selys, Cyclophylla 
Selys, and Aphylla Selys are but one genus be accepted, the name 
Negomphoides is superfluous as Cyclophylla has priority. P. P. CAL- 


A new Chalcidid from an Oak Gall (Hym.) 

By T. D. A. COCKERELL, University of Colorado, 

Boulder, Colo. 

The beautiful Chalcidid here described was bred by Mr. 
E. R. Warren, the well-known Mammalogist, from galls of 
Holcaspis on an oak (Qnercus undulata Torrey) at Trinidad, 
Colorado. The galls are like those of H. rnbcns, Gillette, but 
the single fly obtained seems different. 

Syntomaspis warreni n. sp. 

9 . Length (exclusive of ovipositor) 4 1-3 mm. ; ovipositor 5 2-5 
mm. ; wings ample, perfectly clear, venation pale fulvo-f erruginous ; 
head broad, peacock green, with faint crimson tints, frontal depressions 
behind antennae shining golden ; eyes bright terra-cotta red ; mandibles 
red except at apex ; sides of face very minutely rugosopunctate, sides 
of front becoming striatulate ; scape and ring-joint ferruginous; fla- 
gellum black, the joints very minutely longitudinally keeled; meso- 
thorax and scutellum with large thimble-like punctures, variegated 
with green and crimson, the posterior part of the scutellum minutely 
granular, with microscopical punctures, and with a marginal sulcus 
crossed by fine ridges ; other parts of thorax variegated with green and 
purple ; anterior coxae brilliant green ; hind coxae very large, crim- 
son-purple ; femora and tibiae bright chestnut red ; tarsi cream color, 
rufescent subapically, black at apex ; lower margin of hind femora 
minutely denticulate beyond the middle, but with no large tooth ; abdo- 
men brilliant magenta, with blue-purple shades, first segment with a 
very large flap, which is strongly notched posteriorly; second segment 
carinate, deeply notched in middle; third segment also deeply notched; 
hind tibiae with two spurs ; stigma sessile ; ovipositor chestnut-red, its 
sheath black. 

Type in U. S. National Museum. 

Mr. J. C. Crawford has kindly compared this insect with 
the material in the National Museum, and writes that it comes 
very close to Syntomaspis californicus Ashm., which is green- 
ish or golden greenish, without the purple tints. The species 
is one of those which might be assigned either to Torymus or 


*- - 

AT THE ANNUAL MEETiNf, of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 
held December soth, in Philadelphia. Dr. Henry Skinner was re-elected 
Professor of Entomology for 1911. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL, NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change In form, will be given free, when they are wanted: and this 
should be so stated on the MS., along with the number desired. The 
receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. Ed. 


The versatility of insects is well shown by the inducements 
which they hold out to man to serve as the objects of his most 
varied study. From papers and references in this number of 
the NEWS we find them continually increasing his catalogues 
of animal forms, exercising his ingenuity to escape their un- 
welcome personal attentions to his body, serving as the mate- 
rial for experiments on the method and manner of inheritance 
or for the examination of minute details of the structure of 
the living cell, illustrating complicated problems of physics, 
disturbing his ideas of the operations of climatic influences 
upon life. All these branches of human intellectual activity 
are of the larger Entomology wherein each of us who reads 
these lines tries to do his part. 

DR. A. A. MICHELSON, of the University of Chicago, delivered the 
seventh lecture upon the J. C. Campbell Foundation of the Sigma Xi 
Society of the Ohio State University on the evening of December 2. 
TTis subject was "Metallic Colors in Birds and Insects." The lecture 
was amply illustrated by lantern and reflectoscope and was concluded 
by an explanation of the most probable cause as found by the lecturer 
as a result of his researches. Science, Dec. 23, 1910. 



Notes and. Ne\vs. 


THE Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has been able to offer 
Liverpool University $50,000 for the establishment of a chair in Tropi- 
cal entomology. At a meeting of the Council of the University it was 
resolved gratefully to accept the offer. Science, Jan. 6, 1911. 

ANNOUNCEMENT of the Journal of Animal Behavior and the Animal 
Behavior Monograph Series. In response to a widely felt .and urgent 
need for a periodical in which studies of the behavior and mental life 
of organisms may satisfactorily be published a journal and a mono- 
graph series have been planned. The Journal of Animal Behavior will 
accept for publication field studies of the habits, instincts, social rela- 
tions, etc., of animals, as well as laboratory studies of animal behavior 
or animal psychology. It is hoped that the organ may serve to bring 
into more sympathetic and mutually helpful relations the "naturalists" 
and the "experimentalists" of America, that it may encourage the 
publication of many carefully made naturalistic observations which at 
present are not published, and that it may present to a wide circle of 
nature-loving readers accurate accounts of the lives of animals. Be- 
ginning with January, 1911, the Journal will appear bi-monthly in 
numbers of approximately 75 pages. Each annual volume of six num- 
bers will consist of not less than 450 pages. The subscription price will 
be $3.00 per volume (foreign, $3.50). This low price to subscribers 
can be maintained only if those who are interested in the study of the 
behavior and psychology of animals promptly subscribe and work for 
the support of the Journal. The Journal is under the editorial direc- 
tion and management of I. Madison Bentley, Assistant Professor of 
Psychology, Cornell University; Harvey A. Carr, Assistant Professor 
of Psychology, University of Chicago ; Samuel J. Holmes, Assistant 
Professor of Zoology, University of Wisconsin ; Herbert S. Jennings, 
Henry Walters Professor of Zoology, Johns Hopkins University; Ed- 
ward L. Thorndike, Professor of Educational Psychology, Teachers' 
College of Columbia University; Margaret F. Washburn, Professor of 
Psychology, Vassar College; John B. Watson, Professor of Experi- 
mental and Comparative Psychology, Johns Hopkins University; Wil- 
liam M. Wheeler, Professor of Economic Entomology, Harvard Uni- 
versity, and Robert M. Yerkes, Assistant Professor of Comparative 
Psychology, Harvard L T niversity. The Journal is not the property of 
any individual, and it is to be conducted solely in the interests of those 
branches of science which it represents. All income from subscrip- 
tions and other sources, above that necessary for the support of the pub- 


lication as it is planned, is to be devoted to its improvement and en- 
largement. Reviews of especially important contributions within its 
field will be published as they are prepared, and, in addition, a number 
especially devoted to reviews, digests, and a bibliography of the con- 
tributions to animal behavior and animal psychology for the year will 
be published annually. This review number is to be in charge of an 
Editor of Reviews It is hoped that this special number may prove 
of value to those readers whose library facilities are meager. The 
Animal Behavior Monograph Series will be published in connection 
with the Journal as a provision for papers which are too length)-, or, 
for other reasons, too costly to be accepted by the Journal. The mono- 
graphs of this series will appear at irregular intervals, and they will 
be grouped in volumes of approximately 450 pages. The separate 
monographs will be sold at prices determined by the cost of manufac- 
ture, and the volume will be sent to regular subscribers for the price of 
$3.00 (foreign, $3.50). Subscribers to the Journal are urged to sub- 
scribe also to the Monograph Series. The Journal of Animal Behavior 
and the Animal Behavior Monograph Series will be published for the 
Editorial Board by Henry Holt and Company, New York. Manu- 
scripts for the Journal may be sent to the managing editor, Professor 
Robert M. Yerkes, Emerson Hall, Cambridge, Massachusetts, or to any 
other member of the Editorial Board. Manuscripts for the Monograph 
Series should be sent to the editor, Professor John B. Watson, the 
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, from whom informa- 
tion may be obtained concerning terms of publication. Books and other 
matter for review in the Journal should be sent to the editor of re- 
views, Professor Margaret F. Washburn, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, 
New York. All business communications should be addressed to the 
Journal of Animal Behavior, Cambridge, Mass. 

NOTES ON LIMNOBIA PARIETINA O. S. The splendid crane-fly, 
Limnobia parietina O. S., has always been regarded as some- 
what of a rarity. It was described by Baron Osten Sacken in 
1861, from specimens taken at Trenton Falls, N. Y., "on 
fences, in September, numerous $ and 9 specimens." It has since 
been recorded from the White Mountains, New Hampshire, and more 
recently (1909), Prof. C W. Johnson has added a few more records: 
Prout's Neck, Me. ; Intervale and Hampton, N. H., and Lake Ganoga, 
North Mountain, Pa. I have mentioned the occurrence of the species 
in Fulton County, N. Y., in ENT. NEWS for June, 1910. I have the 
following notes to add : 

In early September, 1910, a friend and I were on a long fishing 
tramp up into Hamilton Co., N. Y. On the morning of the 2d, while 
passing from Silver Lake, near Arietta, to the White House on the 


west branch of the Sacandaga River, I noticed an abundance of a 
large Tipulid flying about in the dense woods. They proved to be 
Limnobia parietina. The woods along Nine-Mile Creek were dark 
and gloomy, and very little sunshine penetrated to the ground below. 
When the parietina passed from the shadows into the bright sun- 
light they looked very large and conspicuous. There were hundreds 
of specimens about, and they were the only large crane-fly in this 
sort of habitat. They would fly lazily from some resting place, and 
usually alight on the trunk of some nearby tree, head upward. I picked 
seven $ 's and one 2 from such places, or seized them as they flew 
slowly past. It is a notable late summer species, all of the records be- 
ing for late August or September. CHAS. P. ALEXANDER, Ithaca, N. Y. 

THE COLEOPTERORUM CATALOGUE, published by W. Junk, Berlin, 
edited by S. Schenkling, began publication September 15, 1909. Up to 
January i, 1911, the following parts have appeared: i. R. Gestro, 
Rhysodidae ; 2. F. Borchmann, Nilionidae, Othniidae, Aegialitidae, 
Petriidae, Lagriidae; 3, Alleculidae; 4, M. Hagedorn, Ipidae; 5, R. 
Gestro, Cupedidae et Paussidae; 6, H. Wagner, Curculionidae, Apioni- 
nae ; 7, H. von Schonfeldt, Brenthidae; 8, van Roon, Lucanidae : 
9, E. Olivier, Lampyridae ; 10, E. Olivier, Rhagophthalmiclae, Drilidae ; 
ii, A. Leveille, Temnochilidae ; I2 t E. Csiki, Endomychidae ; 13, Sca- 
phidiidae; 14, M. Pic, Hylophilidae ; 15, H. Gebien, Tenebrionidae I; 
16, P. Pape, Brachyceridae ; 17, Ph. Zaitzev, Dryopidae, Cyathoceridae, 
Georyssidae, Heteroceridae; 18, E. Csiki, Platypsyllidae, Orthoperidae, 
Phaenocephalidae, Discolomidae, Sphaeriidae ; 19, M. Bernhauer et 
K. Schubert, Staphylinidae I ; 20, A. Schmidt, Aphodiinae ; 21, K. 
Ahlwarth, Gyrinidae ; 22, H. Gebien, Tenebrionidae II; 23, H. Bick- 
hardt, Histeridae. Part 24, S. Schenkling, Cleridae. is announced 
for immediate publication. All the other families are in preparation. 
The publisher thinks that there is little doubt that the "Catalogus" 
will be completed in about six years. Supplements will be published 
regularly after completion of the work. The literature on the biology 
and development of beetles, chiefly of the injurious species, will be 
listed with special care. 

THE announcements of the Free Lectures of the Ludwick Institute 
to be given in 1911 at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadel- 
phia, contain the following references, direct or indirect to Entomology. 

Scientific Explorers of America and Their Discoveries. By Henry 
A. Pilsbry, Sc.D., Special Curator, Department of Mollusks, Academy 
of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Illustrated by lantern slides. Mon- 
days at 8 P. M. February 13 : Voyages of the XV., XVI., XVII. Cen- 
turies and their Geographical Discoveries. Illustrated with reproduc- 
tions of interesting early maps and charts, showing the progress of 
knowledge of western geography. February 20 and 27 : Zoological and 
Botanical Explorers and Writers of the XVI. and XVII. Centuries- 
Hernandez, Sir Hans Sloane, Bartram, etc. March 6: The Great Ex- 
plorers of South and Central America and their Zoological Discov- 
eries. March 13: Early North American Explorations. 

Entomology. By Henry Skinner, M.D., Conservator, Entomological 
Section, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. Illustrated by 


colored lantern slides. Thursdays at 8 P. M. February 16 : Lepidop- 
tera, Butterflies and Moths; their life histories, habits, transformations 
and distribution. February 23 : Economic Entomology : Insects of the 
Household and the Farm ; Crop and Fruit-tree Pests ; the San Jose 
scale, gypsy moth, brown-tail moth, tussock moth and other shade-tree 
pests. March 2 : The Social Insects or Hymenoptera, Bees, Wasps and 
Ants; their habits, architecture and communities. March 9: Insects 
and Disease. Parasitism. Ticks and mites in relation to Texas fever, 
spotted fever and relapsing fever. Horse-flies, stable-flies, punkies, 
blow-flies, jigger-fleas, bed-bugs. House-flies in relation to typhoid 
fever and tuberculosis. March 16 : Insects and Disease. Mosquitoes, 
their life history ; mosquitoes in relation to malaria, yellow fever and 
filaria. Sleeping sickness and the tsetse fly. Some tropical diseases 
transmitted by insects. 

Animal Coloration and Its Significance in Evolution. By J. Percy 
Moore. Illustrated by lantern slides. Thursdays at 8 P. M. March 
23 : Physical and Physiological Basis of Animal Color. Color in Rela- 
tion to Function and Environment. Color Patterns. March 30: Non- 
adaptive and Adaptive Coloration. Types of Adaptive or Useful Col- 
oration. April 6: Concealing Coloration. April 13: Warning Colors. 
Mimicry, etc. Changeable Colors. Dichromatism and Related Phe- 
nomena. April 20 : Behavior of Color in Heredity. Conclusion. 

HAS anyone had any experience with gas lamps used for attracting 
moths? I am thinking of buying a 2,ooo-candlepower gasoline lamp to 
use in catching moths. A friend of mine in Chicago thinks a gas lamp 
will not attract moths, at least not nearly so many as an electric or 
kerosene lamp will do. He claims the light is too white. I am an- 
xious to hear from someone who has had actual experience. A. F. 
PORTER, Decorah, Iowa. 

Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

2 Transactions, American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. 
4 The Canadian Entomologist. 5 Psyche, Cambridge. Mass. 6 
Journal, New York Entomological Society. 1 U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 11 Annals and Magazine 
of Natural History, London. 16 Bulletin, Societe Nationale d'Ac- 


climation de France, Paris. 18 Ottawa Naturalist. 22 Zoologis- 

cher Anzeiger, Leipzig. 24 Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift. 
38 Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. 40 Societas Entomologica, 
Zurich. 45 Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift. 47 The Zool- 
ogist, London. 55 Le Naturaliste, Paris. 81 Biologisches Cen- 
tralblatt, Erlangen. 84 Entomologische Rundschau. 92 Zeitschrift 
fur wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie, Berlin. 97 Zeitschrift fur 
wissenschaftliche Zoologie, Leipzig. 102 Proceedings, Entomo- 
logical Society of Washington. 143 Ohio Naturalist, Columbia. 
179 Journal of Economic Entomology. 180 Annals, Entomolog- 
ical Society of America. 183 The Glasgow Naturalist. 189 Po- 
mona Journal of Entomology, Claremont, Cala. 193 Entomologis- 
che Blatter, Nurnberg. 216 Entomologische Zeitschrift, Stuttgart. 
278 Annales, Societe Zoologique Suisse et du Museum d'Histoire 
de Geneve, Revue S'uisse de Zoologie. 279 Jenaische Zeitschrift 
fur Naturwissenschaft, Jena. 287 Proceedings, Royal Society of 
Victoria (new Series), Melbourne. 301 Verhandlungen und Mit- 
teilungen des Siebenburgischen Vereins fur Naturwissenschaften 
zu Hermannstadt. 302 Mitteilungen, Naturwissenschaftlichen 
Vereins an der Universitat Wien. 303 Entomologiske Meddelel- 
ser, udgivne af Entomologisk Forening, Copenhagen. 304 An- 
nals. Carnegie Museum. 305 Deutsche Entomologische National- 
Bibliothek, Berlin. 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Bablu, E. Die wirbellose terrestrische 
Fauna der nivalen Region, Ein Beitrag zur Zoogeographie der 
Wirbellosen, 278, xviii, 761-916. Jacobson, E. Hilfsmittel beini 
Fang und Praparieren von Insekten, besonders in den Tropen, 305, 
i, 91-95. Kerr, J. G. List of species of insects described by J. C. 
Fabricius from specimens in Dr. Hunter's collection, 183, ii, 101-111. 
Przibram, H. Experimental-zoologie, 3. Phylogenese (inklusive 
Hereditat), 315 pp., 1910, Leipzig. Rhumbler, L. Ueber eine 
zweckmassige Weiterbildung der Linneschen binaren Nomenklatur, 
Ein vorlaufiger Vorschlag, 22, xxxvi, 453-471. Skinner, A. The use 
of insects and other invertebrates as food by the No. American 
Indians, 6, xviii, 264-267. Swinton, A. H. The vocal and instru- 
mental music of insects, 47, xiv, 299-306, 426-432 (continued). 

APTERA & NEUROPTERA. Bottger, O. Das Gehirn eines 
niederen Insektes (Lepisma saccharina), 279, xlvi, 801-844. Cham- 
berlin,, R. V. Diplopoda from the western states, 180, iii, 233-276 
(*). The Chilopoda of California I., 189, ii, 363-374 (*). Crawford, 
D. L. American Psyllidae II (Triozinae), 189, ii, 347-362 (*). 

ORTHOFTERA. Bruner, L. South American Tettigidae. 304, 
vii, 89-143. Criddle, N. The migration of some native locusts, 18, 
xxiv, 164-166. Severin & Severin The effect of moisture and dry- 


ness on the emergence from the egg of the walking-stick (Diaphero- 
mera femoratus), 179, iii, 479-481. Zacher, F. Tiergeographische, 
phylogenetische und biologische Bemerkungen zu Malcolm Burr's 
Dermapterenfauna von British Indien, Burma und Ceylon, 84, xxvii, 

HEMIPTERA. Chittenden & Marsh Note on the oviposition 
of the tarnished plant-bug, 179, iii, 477-479. Davis, W. T. The 
periodical cicada on Long Island, N. Y., in 1910, 6, xviii, 259-260. 
Distant, W. L. Description of a new species of Cicadidae (from 
Central America), 189, ii, 346 (*). Essig, E. O. Aphididae of 
Southern California V.. 189, ii, 335-338. The citrus mealy-bug 
(Pseudocaccus citri), 189, ii, 289-320. A new mealy bug infesting 
walnut, apple, and pear trees, 189, ii, 339-345 (*). Heidemann, O. 
Description of a new capsid, 102, xii, 200-201 (*). New species of 
Leptoglossus from N. Am., 102, xii, 191-197 (*). Henrich, C. 
Die Blattlaus, Aphididae der Umgebung von Hermannstadt mit 
einen Index und Figurenerklarung, 301, lix, 1-104, 1910. Iches, L. 
Une punaise geante de 1' Argentine (Belostoma annulipes), 16, Ivii, 
468-470. Matausch, I. Entylia Germar and its different forms, 6, 
xviii, 260-263. Schumacher, F. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Biologic 
der Asopiden, 92, vi, 376-383 (continued). Die Discocera-Arten des 
Konigl. Zool. Museums zu Berlin, 22, xxxvi, 471-475. Wilson, H. F. 
A second paper on the genera in the subfamily Callipterinae, 4, 
xlii, 384-388. A Key to the genera of the subfamily Aphidinae and 
notes on synonomy, 180, iii, 314-325. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Andre,, E. Elviages de Lepidopteres Seri- 
cigenes, 16, 1910, 500-510. Barnes & McDunnough Notes on life- 
history of Anisota skinneri, 4, xlii, 400-403. Coolidge, K. R. A Cali- 
fornia orange dog (Papilio sps), 189, ii, 333-334. Melitaea alma, and 
its synonymy, 4, xlii, 403-404. Dyar,, H. G. Notes on Megalopygidae, 
102, xii, 161-176 (*). On Professor Smith's treatment of the forms 
of Graphiphora (Taeniocampa) allied to hibisci, 4, xlii, 399-400. 
Some moths from Claremont, Cala., with notes on certain allied 
species, 189, ii, 375-378 (*). Two new species of Graptolitha, 102, 
xii, 190 (*). Ely, C. R. New Phycitinae and Crambinae, 102, xii, 
202-204 (*). Evers, J. Insekten als Wetterpropheten, 92, vi, 401. 
Forbes, W. T. M. The aquatic caterpillars of Lake Quinsigamond 
(Mass.), 5, xvii, 219-227. Furstorfer, H. Neues ueber die Geni- 
talorgane der Rhopalocera, 216, xxiv, 150-151 (continued). Gross- 
beck, J. A. New species and one new genus of Geometridae, 6, 
xviii, 199-207 (*). Hammar, A. G. Life history of the codling moth 
in northwestern Pennsylvania, 7, Bull. No. 80, pt. vi. Henniger, 
W. F. The Macro-Lepidoptera of Seneca County, Ohio, 143, xi, 233- 
242. Luderwaldt, H. Vergiftungserscheinungen durch Verletzung 


mittelst haariger oder dorniger Ranpen, 92, vi, 398-401. Lyman, 
H. H. Notes on certain species of Graptolitha, 4, xlii, 381-383. 
Martin, L. Die ersten Stande von Elymnias panthera, 305, i, 95-96. 
Postel, G. Nouvelles observations sur la ponte de Malacosma 
(Bombyx) Neustria La Livree, 55, xxxii, 278-280. Reiff, W. 
Argynnis cybele, forma bartschi f. nov., 5, xvii, 252-255 (*). Rus- 
sell, H. M. Notes on the geometrid Gypsochroa sitellata. 102, 
xii, 177-178. Schaus, W. New species of Heterocera from Costa 
Rica III, 11, vi, 561-585 (*). Smith, J. B. New species of Noctuidae 
for 1910. No. 2, 2, xxxvi, 251-266 (*). Stichel, H. Vorarbeiten zu 
einer Revision der Riodinidae, 24, Iv, 9-103 (continued). Strand, E. 
Nevter Gattungsname in der Lepidopterologie. (Nereidania for 
Nereis Warren). 40, xxv, 72. Swett, L. W. Geometrid notes. A 
new variety of Nyctobia, 5, xvii, 255-256 (*). 

DIPTERA. Bepzi, M. Zur Synonymic und systematischen Stel- 
lung einiger Dipteren, 40, xxv, 66-67. Zwei neue sudamerikanischc 
Microdon-Arten, 38, xxix, 319-320. Crawford, D. L. The Mexican 
orange maggot (Anastrepha ludeus), 189, ii, 321-332. Haseman, L. 
The structure and metamorphosis of the alimentary canal of the 
larva of Psychoda alternata, 180, iii, 277-313. Hendel. F. Ueber 
die Nomenklatur der Acalyptratenogattungen nach Th. Beckers 
Katalog der palaarktischen Dipteren Bd. 4, 48, xxix, 307-313. John- 
son, C. W. Some additions to the dipteran fauna of New England, 
5, xvii, 228-235. Knab, F. Coquillett's "The type-species of the 
North American genera of Diptera," 102, xii, 197-200. Krober, O. 
Abnormitaten bei Fliegen, 92, vi, 181, 244-246 (continued). Licht- 
wardt. B. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Nemestriniden. Theil V. 
Ueber Americanische Arten. Th. VI. Ueber Afrikanische Arten, 45, 
1910, 589-624. Michl, E. Eine monstrose Kopfbildung bei Echino- 
myia fere, 302, viii, 58-61. Einiges ueber das sogenannte Ptilinum 
der schizophoren Dipteren, 302, viii, 85-89. Tolg, F. Billaea pec- 
tinata (S'irostoma latum) als Parasit von Cetoniden und Ceramby- 
ciden-Larven, Metamorphose und aussere Morphologic der Larve, 
92, vi, 278-283, 331-336, 387-395 (continued). 

COLEOPTERA. Anon. Liste neuerdinags beschriebener oder 
gezogener Parasiten und ihrer Wirte, 40, xxv, 63-64, 68. Bick- 
hardt, H. Coleopterorum Catalogus, Pars 24; Histeridae, 137 pp. 
Boving, A. Nye Bidrag til Carabernes Udviklingshistorie, 303, 
iii, 319-376. Buhk,, F. Lebensweise und Entwicklung von Sper- 
cheus emarginatus, 84,, xxvii. 127-128 (continued). Chittenden, F. 
H. The oak primer (Elaphidion villosum), 7, Circ. No. 130, 7 pp. 
Frost, C. A. Ethological notes on Elaphrus cicatricosus, 5, xvii, 
256-257. Hunter, W. D. The status of the cotton boll, weevil in 
1909, 7, Circ. No. 122, 12 pp. Kleine, R. Biologische Beobachtun- 


gen an Dendrosoter protuberans, 9, vi, 289-292, 346-349 (continued). 
Die Lariiden und Rhynchophoren und ihre Nahrungspflanzen, 193, 
vi, 261-265, 275-294, 305-339. Kerremans, C. Monographic des 
Buprestides. Lampetis, Tome V. 129-192. Monographic des Bupres- 
tides. Tome V, 193-256 (Damarsila). Lea, A. M. Australian and 
Tasmanian Coleoptera inhabiting or. resorting to the nests of ants, 
bees and termites, 287, xxiii, 116-230, xxv-xxvii. Marsh, H. O. 
Biologic notes on species of Diabrotica in Southern Texas, 7, 
Bull. No. 82, p. 67-84. Ohaus, F. Neue sudamerikanische Dynas- 
tiden, 45, 1910, 671-690. Schaeffer, C. New clavicorn Coleoptera, 
6, xviii, 210-216 (*). Schenkling, S. Coleopterorum catalogus. 
Pars 23. Cleridae. 174 pp. Spaney,, A. Beitrage zur Biologic un- 
serer einheimischen Rosskafer, 45, 1910, 625-634. Titus, E. G. 
On the life history of the alfalfa leaf-weevil, 179, iii, 459-470. Well- 
man, C. The generic and subgeneric types of Lyttidae (Meloidae 
S. Cantharidae), 4, xlii, 389-396. Xamben, C. Moeurs & metamor- 
phoses des Coleopteres de la tribu des Chrysomeliens, 55, xxxii, 
164-167, 179-181, 249-250. Moeurs & metamorphoses des especes du 
genre Rhizotrogus, 55, xxxii, 263-264, 1910. 

HYMENOPTERA. Banks, N. A few new Psammocharidae, 5, 
xvii, 248-251 (*). Brauns, H. Biologisches ueber sudafrikanische 
Hymenoptera, 92, vi, 384-387 (continued). Brun, R. Zur Biologie 
und Psychologic von Formica rufa und anderen Ameisen, 81, xxx. 
524-528 (continued). Cockerell, T. D. A. Some bees from Eldora, 
Colorado. Some bees from Ecuador, 5, xvii, 244-247 (*). Friese, H. 
Neue Bienenarten aus S'ud-Amerika, 45, 1910, 693-711. Gahan, 
A. B. Some synonymy and other notes on Aphidiinae, 102, xii, 
179-189. Girault, A. A. Synonymic and descriptive notes on the 
chalcidoid family Mymaridae, 6, xviii, 233-259 (*). Hoppner, H. 
Zur Biologie der Rubusbewohner, 92,, vi, 161-167, 219-224 (con- 
tinued). Metzer, C. Studien ueber die Honigbiene (Apis mellifica) 
III, Die Verbindung zwischen Vorder-und mitteldarm bei der 
Biene, 97, xcvi, 539-571. Pierce, W. D. On some phases of para- 
sitism displayed by insect enemies of weevils, 179, iii, 451-458. 
Quayle, H. J. Scutellista cyanea, 179, iii, 446-451. Rudow, Dr. 
Afterraupen der Blattwespen und ihre Entwicklung, 84, xxvii, 105- 
109, 119-121, 128-129, 136-137, 142-143 (continued). Schrottky, C. 
Der Wirt von Pedinopelte Kriechb. (Ichneumonidae), 92, vi, 402. 
Neue sudamerikanische Grabwespen, 40, xxv, 69-70. Neue sud- 
amerikanische Hymenoptera. 84, xvii, 168-169 (continued). Two 
new Nomadidae from S. America, 6, xviii, 208-210. Wheeler, W. 
M. The No. American forms of Camponotus fallax, 6, xviii. 216- 
232 (*). The North American forms of Lasius umbratus, 5, xvii, 
235-243 (*). 


of all the interest aroused in the past decade on the subject of the re- 
lation of insects to disease, authoritative discussions, which, at the same 
time are thoroughly interesting for the non-technical reader, are rare. 
There has recently appeared such a book, which holds one's interest from 
beginning to end, Sir Hubert Boyce's "Mosquito or Man."* By ability 
to present the facts in a readable, popular style, no less than by a broad 
first-hand knowledge of his subject, the author, who is dean of the 
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, is peculiarly qualified. 

It is in the field of tropical medicine that the application of the dis- 
coveries of the relations of insects to the transmission of disease has 
been most far-reaching, and Sir Rubert has fittingly given his book the 
sub-title "The Conquest of the Tropical World." After a brief dis- 
cussion of the foundation of the tropical medicine movement in Eng- 
land, he traces the growth of general and applied sanitation in the 
tropics and emphasizes that the greatest value of measures along this 
line has been in the fact that indirectly and incidentally they resulted 
in a reduction in numbers of disease-carrying insects. For instance, 
modern methods of obtaining water supplies have resulted in a great 
reduction of yellow fever throughout the West Indies in the past fifty 
years. But, "the significance of the relationship of the diminution of 
yellow fever to the introduction of pipe-borne water is due entirely to 
the fact that there has been of necessity a diminution of the common 
breeding places of the house mosquito the Stegomyia calopus the 
sole carrier of yellow fever." 

An entertaining and concise account of the discoveries which under- 
lie our present knowledge of insects as carriers of disease is preceded 
by a chapter on "Miasm, Tradition and Prejudice." As one who has 
taken part in many campaigns against disease Dr. Boyce has good rea- 
son to know the depth to which the old doctrine of the miasmatic 
origin of malaria and yellow fever is rooted. t The popular mind is 
not yet freed from the idea of "the deadly miasm, which surrounds you 
on all sides, which you encounter at its worst in the cool eventide or 
early morning," and even yet, in many regions, it is regarded as a mat- 
ter of course that the newcomer must fall a prey to the "acclimation 
fever." On account of this deep-seated belief in man, the pioneer finds 
it far more easy to overthrow the strongholds of the disease-carrying 

* Mosquito or Man? The Conquest of the Tropical World. By Sir 
Rubert Boyce, M.B., F.R.S. London, 1909. John Murray. $3.50. 

f One of our best dictionaries in its revised, 1909 edition, defines ma- 
laria as a fever produced by "morbific exhalations arising from swamps 
or effluvia from the decomposition of animal or vegetable matter." 


mosquito than to overthrow this deep-seated prejudice, which begets 
apathy and indifference, characteristic of the tropical countries where 
these diseases are so prevalent. 

But now, in all parts of the world the campaign against insect car- 
riers of disease is being waged. Most instructive are the accounts 
often from personal experience which the author gives of the re- 
sults of this movement. For instance, the early history of yellow fever 
shows in some epidemics a mortality rate of 69 per cent. It was not 
from want of good food or water, or accommodation that men perish- 
ed. "No, they were struck down by some unseen hand, and medicine 
said that that hand was the miasm. Today we know it to be the mos- 
quito and whereas formerly, acting on the miasm theory not one life was 
ever saved, today, armed with the new knowledge, we visit the mias- 
matic countries with the same feeling of security that we do when we 
ppv a visit to the continent." 

A valuable feature is the discussion of plans of campaign against the 
guilty mosquito. Especially interesting to the American reader is the 
detailed account of the fight against yellow fever in New Orleans, in 
1905, in which Dr. Boyce, as volunteer, played an important part. The 
hook is not limited, as its title would imply, to a consideration of the 
mosquito in the transmission of disease but considers also, though 
briefly, the part played by other insects the tsetse-fly, the rat flea, 
ticks, and the housefly. The hookworm, too, is briefly included in the 

Altogether, the volume is a fascinating one and should be read by 
every one who wishes to keep in touch with the advances of preven- 
tative medicine. He will put it down with the conviction that the author 
is justified in his claim that the tropical world, long retarded in its 
development by its reputation as "the white man's grave," is today be- 
ing steadily and surely conquered. "The three great insect-carried 
scourges of the tropics the greatest enemies that mankind has ever 
had to contend with, namely malaria, yellow fever and sleeping sick- 
ness are now fully in hand and giving way, and with their conquest 
disappears the awful and grinding depression which seems to have 
gripped our forefathers. * * * The tropical world is unfolding once 
again to the pioneers of commerce who now do not dread the unseen 
hand of death as did of old the Spanish Conquistadores of Columbus 
and Cortes." WM. A. RILEY, Cornell University. 

REPORT OF THE INSECTS OE NE\V JERSEY, 1009. This contains the Cura- 
tor's Report ; Insects, their Classification and Distribution and a Sys- 
temic List of the Insects of the State, Alphabetical Index to Localities, 


Explanations of Abbreviations and Acknowledgments, Summary and 
Index. This is another edition of Prof. John B. Smith's well known 
New Jersey list of insects. Two previous lists have appeared, the first 
in 1890 and the second in 1900. The first list contains the names of 
6098 species, the second 8537 and the present list 10385. The work is 
intended to aid students and collectors and also to encourage the study 
of entomology, particularly economic, among teachers, farmers, fruit 
growers and other persons who should be interested in this important 
subject. The success of this State list has led to similar records being 
kept in other States, with a view of publication, and sooner or later, we 
will see them in print. Work of this kind will greatly enhance our 
knowledge of distribution and will be useful in the study of many prob- 
lems connected with both economic and systematic entomology. H. S. 

Doings of Societies. 


At a regular meeting held November i6th, 1910, at 1523 
South Thirteenth street, Philadelphia, fifteen members were 
present. President Harbeck in the chair. 

Mr. H. A. Wenzel spoke of a collecting trip made in August 
to Pocono Lake, Pa., in company with Mr. Greene, of E'aston, 
and mentioned the interesting species collected. Among the 
rarer were Aphodius Icopardus Horn, A. rubripennis Horn and 
Dialytcs striatnlns Say, all collected in cow manure along the 
trails in the thick woods. The latter was also taken under the 
fallen needles of the pine. These three species had been pre- 
viously taken by himself and father at high altitude in Balsam 
Mountains, N. C. He went thro' five or six ant hills with no 
success. Found three or four species of Necrophorus on dead 
animals and in traps. Mr. H. W. Wenzel said that A. rubri- 
pennis was a mountain species and by no means common ; had 
previously been recorded as found only under bear dung ; also 
made some remarks on and displayed his collection of 
Geotrupes and a pupa of one, probably G. scnriopacus Tec. ; de- 
scribed the tunnelling of species of this genus and, when they 
strike an obstruction in the shape of a stone, the manner in 
which they dig around it. 


Mr. Daecke said he had found Cicindela mfiventris Dej. on 
the top of a mountain near Harrisburg; was surprised to find 
it there as it is found in just the opposite conditions in New 

Mr. Harbeck said since finding at Trenton, N. J., the sawfly 
with "four antennae" recorded at the October, 1909, meeting, 
he had found another at the same place and one at Mana- 
hawkin ; he questioned whether they were all freaks or whether 
there was a genus with this characteristic.* This led to a 
general discussion on the subject of freaks including mammals, 
plants and insects. Adjourned to the annex. 

GEO. M. GREENE, Sec'y. 


At the eighth annual meeting of the Eastern Branch, held 
at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, December 28-30, 
1910, the following papers of an entomological character were 
read: Dr. N. M. Stevens CBryn Mawr College) Hetero- 
chromosomes in Mosquitos. Contrary to. the previous exper- 
ience of the speaker that when heterochromosomes were found 
in one member of a genus or family of Coleoptera, Diptera 
or Hemiptera. they are also to be found in other members of 
the same group, she found heterochromosomes clearly differ- 
entiated in Anopheles but not differentiated in Cule.r and 
Theobaldia; this non-differentiation was used as an argument 
against the idea that heterochromosomes are sex-determinants. 
Prof. T. H. Montgomery, Jr. (University of Pennsylvania), 
Origin and significance of Mitochondria. This granular con- 
stituent of cells was studied in living sperm cells of Enschistits 
(Hemipterqn) and was considered to be due not to an extrusion 
of chromatin from the nucleus but probably to a chemical in- 
teraction between nuclear and cytoplasmic material ; it was 
suggested that cells receiving much mitochondria may become 
somatic cells, those receiving little mitochondria may become 

: Mr. E. T. Cresson stated, without having seen these specimens, that 
they were perhaps males of Lophyrus. Ens. 


germ cells. Prof. P. P. Calvert (University of Pennsylvania), 
Newly Found Odonate larvae of special interest from Costa 
Rica. Larvae of Cora with anterior abdominal tracheal gills 
and of Mecistogaster modestus from water between leaf bases 
of arboricolous bromeliads were described and the transfor- 
mation of the latter species shown by a series of photographs 
from life. Dr. A. Petrunkevitch (Yale University) The 
senses, courtship and mating in tarantulas, and A case of re- 
generation in tarantulas, illustrated by very interesting photo- 
graphs and demonstrations. Prof. T. H. Morgan (Columbia 
University), The origin and heredity of four wing mutations 
in Drosophila, and The heredity of red eyes, white eyes and 
pink eyes in Drosophila. 

At the meeting of the American Society of Naturalists held 
in conjunction with the Eastern Branch of the Zoologists, 
Prof. Morgan contributed a paper also dealing with Droso- 
phila under the title : The application of the conception of pure 
lines to sex-limited inheritance and to sexual dimorphism, 
while Prof. J. H. Gerould (Dartmouth College) spoke on 
Polvmorphism and inheritance in Collas phllodice. 

For the meetings of the Central Branch of the American 
Society of Zoologists in conjunction with Section F, Zoology, 
A. A. A. S., held at Minneapolis, Minn., December 28, 29 and 
30, IQIO, the following entomological papers were announc- 
ed: J. F. Abbott (Washington University), Poulton's Theory 
of the Origin of Mimicry in Certain Butterflies ; S. R. Wil- 
liams (Miami University), Comparison of the Arrangement 
of the Eggs in the Nests of Japy'x sp. and Scutigerella im- 
maculata ; S. J. Hunter (University of Kansas), On the 
Transition from Parthenogenesis to Gameogenesis in Aphids. 
IT. (Lantern); Fernandus Payne (University of Indiana), 
The Pomace Fly Bred in the Dark for 67 Generations ; C. E. 
McClung (University of Kansas), Chromosome Individual- 
ity; J. A. Nelson (U. S. Dept. of Agriculture), Origin of the 
Rudiments of the Mesenteron of Honey Bee ; W. J. Baum- 
gartner (University of Kansas), Spermatogenesis in the Mole 



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MARCH, 1911. 

No. 3. 


Howard Address at the Dedication of 
the Entomology and Zoology Build- 
ing of the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College, Nov. n, 1910 97 

Skinner A new Argynnis and a new 
Parnassius (Lep.) 108 

Felt Two new Gall Midges (Dipt.)--. 109 

Girault Notes on Tyloderma foveola- 

tum (Say) (Col ) 112 

Wolcott New American Cleridae,with 
notes on others (Col.) 115 

Kearfott Three new Brazilian Micro- 

Lepidoptera 125 

Felt Endaphis Kieff. in the Americas 

(Dipt.) 128 

Editorial 130 

Notes and News 131 

Entomological Literature 134 

Doings of Societies 138 

Address at the Dedication of the Entomology and 
Zoology Building of the Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College, Nov. 11, 1910.* 

By L. O. HOWARD, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, 

D. C. 

WHEN Professor Fernald began to teach entomology in 
the Maine State College at Orono, in 1872, there was only 
one other teacher of the subject in the United States, and 
that was Dr. Hagen, at Harvard, who had only an occasional 
student. Of earlier attempts to teach entomology on this side 
of the Atlantic there is little of record. W. D. Peck lectured 
at Harvard in the earlier years of the last century, and after 
1831, T. W. Harris, while librarian of Harvard, had a private 
class in entomology, meeting one evening a week, and on Sat- 
urday afternoons went with his class in good weather on a 
ramble. Colonel Higginson writes: "Doctor Harris was so 
simple and eager, his tall spare form and thin face took on 
such a glow and freshness ; he dwelt so lovingly on antennae 
and tarsi and handled so fondly his little insect martyrs, that 
it was enough to make one love this study for life beyond all 
1 tranches of natural science." 

* Reprinted from Science for December 2, 1910. 



Teachers of natural history of those days had to cover 
botany, zoology, geology, human physiology, chemistry and 
natural philosophy. Collections and apparatus were practi- 
cally non-existent. The publication of Harris's "Insects In- 
jurious to Vegetation" in 1841, classic though it was, aroused 
no great interest in the study of insects, and it remained for 
Packard's "Guide to the Study of Insects," published in Salem 
in 1869 and written by a young and enthusiastic worker in- 
spired by Agassiz's training, to place entomology in America 
on a footing so that the subject could be competently studied 
and taught. The influence of Louis Agassiz in fact, perhaps 
even more than is generally realized, was enormous in the 
development of interest in natural history in America, and 
entomology no less than the other branches of the subject 
felt its stimulating effect. Moreover, the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution in those older days under Joseph Henry did much by 
the publication in its "Miscellaneous Collections" of the works 
of Morris, Osten Sacken, Loew and Le Conte to help the 
labors of the earlier group of workers. 

So we find the elder Fernald beginning to teach entomology 
at the Maine State College in 1872, and a year later J. H. 
Comstock began to teach it at Cornell. Fernald, however, 
was professor of natural history and he had to teach all sorts 
of things, while Comstock was confined to entomology and 
invertebrate zoology. Thus, while Fernald was one of the 
early teachers of entomology, Hagen was really the first pro- 
fessor of this subject with Comstock as second. But it is not 
my plan to discuss precedence in this direction. I wish to 
show how recent are the beginnings of the study and how 
rapidly it has advanced. As it happens, I was Comstock's 
first student, and we began to work together in a little cramp- 
ed room in the autumn of 1873, with little material, few books 
and a poor microscope for our equipment. At the Agassiz 
Museum, Hagen had his excellent library and good collection, 
and he had Crotch and Schwarz and Hubbard, and a little 
later, Samuel Henshaw working with him. Fernald was 
working single-handed off in Maine. A few economic entom- 


ologists were busy Fitch in New York, Riley in Missouri, 
Le Baron in Illinois and Glover in \Yashington. The system- 
atic workers and those who studied the habits of insects were 
more numerous Le Conte, Horn, Osten Sacken, Lintner, 
V. T. Chambers, E. T. Cresson, S. H. Scudder, W. H. Ed- 
wards and his colleague T. L. Mead, Henry Edwards, A. R. 
Grote and his colleague Coleman T. Robinson, P. R. Uhler, 
H. F. Bassett, R. H. Stretch, F. G. Sanborn, S. S. Rathvon. 
Cyrus Thomas, H. C. McCook, G. R. Crotch, H. Behr, C. 
Zimmerman, George Dimmock, C. S. Minot, P. S. Sprague, 
F. Blanchard, C. A. Blake, Edward Norton, H. Shimer, T. 
Meehan, E. D. Cope, E. P. Austin, J. Behrens, Jas. Ridings, 
A. J. Cook, W. V. Andrews, Edward Burgess, L. F. Harvey, 

F. H. Snow, G. Lincecum, J. H. Emerton, Mary E. Murtfeldt, 

G. M. Dodge, C. R. Dodge, Thomas G. Gentry, H. K. Mor- 
rison, A. S. Fuller, E. L. Graef, and, across the border in Can- 
ada, Abbe Provancher, William Saunders, Rev. C. J. S. Beth- 
une, William Couper and E. Baynes Reed were about all. 

And it must be remembered that nearly all of these men 
had had no training and were scientifically untaught ; nearly 
all were engaged in professions or in business, and that en- 
tomology was but a side issue and not the sole interest of their 
lives in fact with many of them it was simply an amuse- 
ment, a fad. But I do not intend to detract from the value 
of their work. They and their few predecessors laid a strong 
systematic foundation for the work which has been done since, 
and for that \vhich is still to come. It should be pointed out, 
however, that, systematically speaking, whole groups of the 
North American entomological complex were unknown. The 
Coleoptera and Lepidoptera and certain families in the Dip- 
tera and Hymenoptera had been studied by these men, but 
a field of unknown greatness remained unexplored. 

Something must be said also of the influence of the un- 
usual personality of some of these men in attracting others 
to the study. I have in mind especially Rev. J. G. Morris and 
Henry Ulke, neither of whom is mentioned in the list ; Morris 
because at that period he had stopped publishing and Ulke 


because he had not published at all. Both of these men, rare- 
ly attractive, lived long, Morris dying in 1895 at the a g e f 
ninety-two and Ulke in the present year at eighty-nine, and 
both of them undoubtedly made entomologists of others by 
their personal charm and enthusiasm. 

There were then in 1873 three teachers of entomology, two 
of them just beginning, three state entomologists, one of them 
(Fitch) already at the end of his work, a government entom- 
ologist, who, on account of his mental make-up, was adding 
little to the progress of the science, and a small body of ama- 
teur entomologists engaged in all sorts of occupations, but 
whose systematic work as a whole compared favorably in 
quality with that of the workers of other countries. The 
Canadian Entomologist had been started, and the American 
Entomological Society was publishing good entomological 

At the present time, after thirty-seven years, what a change 
is to be seen ! In the place of the few score self-trained ento- 
mologists, there is now an army. The American Entomologi- 
cal Society is still in existence, and publishes, in addition to its 
Transactions, an admirable entomological journal, Entomol- 
ogical News. The Entomological Society of Washington has 
been founded, with its quarterly Proceedings now well along 
in its twelfth volume. The Albany Entomological Society, 
the New York and Brooklyn societies, the California Ento- 
mological Society, the Society of Southern Economic Ento- 
mologists and the great Association of Economic Entomolo- 
gists with its list of foreign members in all parts of the 
world and its universally-read Journal of Economic Entomol- 
ogy, and, latest of all, the Entomological Society of America 
with its large list of members and fellows and its entirely 
competent annals and its representation the present year at 
the first International Entomological Congress all have 
sprung into healthy and progressive existence since those days. 

In place of the two active state workers in economic en- 
tomology, Le Baron in Illinois and Riley in Missouri, and of 
the single government entomologist, there is now in practically 


every state in the union an efficient entomological staff com- 
posed of trained men ; and at Washington there is a corps 
connected with the Bureau of Entomology comprising six 
hundred and twenty-three individuals, of whom one hundred 
and thirty-one are trained entomologists. In certain states, 
notably California, there are even county and district entomol- 
ogists. It is safe to say that in 1873 there were spent by 
states and the general government for entomological work 
not to exceed ten thousand dollars a year. On the other hand, 
the amount spent by states and the general government for 
this work at the present time much exceeds one million dollars 
a year. As late as 1877, immediately following the disas- 
trous invasions of the Rocky Mountain locust into Colorado, 
Kansas and western Missouri, and which brought about a loss 
certainly equaling two hundred millions of dollars and reduc- 
ed a large population to the verge of starvation, it was with 
the utmost difficulty that Riley and his colleagues were able 
to secure from congress an appropriation of eighteen thousand 
dollars to start the United States Entomological Commission 
on its work of investigation of the causes of the outbreak and 
the remedies to be used in case of future invasions. A con- 
ference of the governors of the various western states and 
territories asked congress for a commission of five experts 
and an appropriation of twenty-five thousand dollars, but 
congress scaled this down to three experts and an appropria- 
tion of eighteen thousand dollars. Within very recent years, 
however, congress has appropriated almost without discussion 
such large sums as two hundred and fifty thousand dollars for 
the investigation of the cotton boll weevil and three hundred 
thousand dollars for the investigation of the gipsy moth and 
the brown-tail moth, while New Jersey has spent more than 
a hundred thousand dollars on the mosquito work, and Mass- 
achusetts alone more than a million on the gipsy moth, the lat- 
ter sum covering the work of a number of years. It is safe, 
in fact, to estimate that there are in the neighborhood of five 
hundred scientifically trained entomologists holding official 
positions in this country at the present time, as against five 
thirty-seven years ago. 


That with our rapidly increasing population a certain part 
of this growth should have occurred would have been quite 
to be expected, yet no such growth has occurred elsewhere, 
and we must search for other explanation than the one of 
normal increase. The first great impetus came with the organ- 
ization of the state agricultural experiment stations in the 
spring of 1888 under the act of congress known as the Hatch 
act. In a short time twenty-eight experiment station ento- 
mologists were appointed. It was difficult to find the right 
men, but Fernald, Comstock and A. J. Cook had been lectur- 
ing to slowly increasing numbers of students, and the places 
were gradually filled and nearly all of them well filled. Most 
of the appointees found that they had to do much teaching 
work, and they had to build up libraries and collections, so 
that there was little time for research work ; but there were 
twenty-eight teachers thrown into the field, for the most part 
young and enthusiastic men, and through their efforts began 
a sudden increase in interest in entomology, and year after 
year their graduates and those of other teachers who had been 
added to their number have rapidly increased the number of 
working entomologists and of those possessing a trained in- 
terest in the study. 

Shortly after these newly appointed experiment station 
workers took their places and began their labors, the gipsy 
moth was discovered in New England. It is due to Mrs. 
Fernald's accurate knowledge of the Lepidoptera that this 
insect was identified with the destructive European pest as 
early as it was ; and this determination at once made it evident 
that strenuous efforts must be made to check the spread of the 
species. The rapid increase of this pest and the remarkable 
work carried on in the state of Massachusetts during the next 
ten years attracted the minds of the people of the country to- 
wards economic entomology as almost never before. 

A few years later the San Jose scale was discovered in the 
eastern United States. The tremendous effect of the spread 
of this most injurious species upon the popular estimation of 
the value of entomological knowledge can hardly be overesti- 


mated. This spread alone is responsible probably for more 
legislation in this country and in other countries than all the 
other features of entomology combined. The San Jose scale 
literature published in the last sixteen years covers hundreds 
of thousands of pages, and hundreds of thousands of dollars 
have been lost through the work of the insect. But through 
the operation of new state laws many additional entomolo- 
gists have been employed, and through their work millions of 
dollars have been saved. 

The discovery in 1894 by Smith, Kilbourne and Salmon 
that Texas fever in cattle is carried by a tick, the discovery by 
Ross in 1898 that malaria is carried by certain mosquitoes, the 
discovery by Reed, Carroll and Lazear in 1900 that yellow 
fever is carried by a mosquito, and the later numerous dis- 
coveries of the role of insects in the carriage of diseases of 
man and animals have still further intensified public interest 
in entomology and have shown anew the importance of ento- 
mological education. Here economic entomology has touched 
a new side of human interest ; it is the health of man and not 
the preservation of his property that is concerned, and the 
interest, therefore, has become a more vital one. 

In 1894 the Mexican cotton boll weevil was discovered with- 
in the territory of the United States, and its spread to the 
north and east year after year has presented an enormous 
problem in economic zoology. The tremendous damage it has 
done and the fears it has aroused in other cotton-growing 
countries have threatened a disturbance in the balance of 
trade for the entire world. The investigation which has been 
carried on has been liberally supported by the general govern- 
ment, and many trained men have been employed in the work. 

The present commanding position which the United States 
holds in entomology and the wide-spread interest felt in all 
entomological questions, the increased support of the govern- 
ment in this direction, and the increased attention given to 
education in economic zoology, are then mainly due to the 
establishment of the experiment stations, to the advent of the 
gipsy moth, to the spread of the San Jose scale in the east, to 


the discovery of the carriage of disease by insects and to the 
remarkable and disastrous spread of the cotton boll weevil 
throughout the south. There are many other causes, such as 
the recent very great development of interest in the practical 
handling of the parasites and predatory enemies of injurious 
species, but these need not be detailed at this time. I have 
said enough perhaps to explain why there are so many trained 
entomologists at present and why the agricultural colleges are 
training so many more; and that brings us to the immediate 
question of the training of economic zoologists. 

In an address on "The State and Zoology" given at Balti- 
more in December, 1900, I called attention to the fact that 
university teachers should make a study of the markets for 
the brains and training of their students ; they should study 
the conditions of those markets and their needs. I showed 
that the men in charge of university departments of scientific 
work should keep closely in touch with the government work- 
along similar lines ; that they should be encouraged to do so 
by the government; that the government should employ their 
services where they can be of use, and that they themselves 
should be able with the intimate knowledge acquired by offi- 
cial association or by close investigation of government work, 
to lay out lines of study which will fit their students to take 
a hand in government work. This, I am glad to say, has been 
done by several of the teachers of zoology in the agricultural 
colleges, and by none more successfully than by the Fernalds, 
of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The men they 
have turned out have taken good rank among the experts of 
the state and government departments. In the bureau of 
which I am the chief I have secured some of our most valua- 
ble workers from this college. Among them I may mention 
A. F. Burgess, W. E. Hinds, W. A. Hooker, A. W. Merrill, 
E. A. Back, H. M. Russell, H. P. Wood, J. H. Hyslop, F. H. 
Jones, F. D. Conden, C. E. Hood, F. A. Johnson, S. S. Cross- 
man, C. W. Hooker and A. I. Bourne ; while among the others 
who have achieved prominence are Dr. E. P. Felt, state ento- 
mologist of New York; Mr. A. H. Kirkland, the former sup- 


erintendent of the gipsy moth service of the state of Mass- 
achusetts; Mr. C. P. Lounsbury, the entomologist of South 
Africa; Mr. H. A. Ballon, the entomologist of the British 
West Indies; Mr. R. I. Smith, entomologist of the state of 
North Carolina; Mr. R. A. Cooley, the entomologist of the 
state of Montana ; Mr. H. C. Gowdey, the entomologist of the 
African colony of Uganda. 

These lists mean an excellent preparation. They mean that 
the Fernalds have studied the market for the brains of their 
students, and that they have turned out men fitted in every 
respect for their pursuit. I have always felt confidence in 
men coming from this laboratory, and that the work done by 
this department has been recognized in the erection of this 
building is a source of gratification to every one connected 
in any way with the men here or with the men who have gone 
out from here. 

But after all this is only one of the evidences of the spread 
of education in this direction. Out in California four years 
ago the university at Berkeley erected a building exclusively 
for the department of entomology. I visited it only a month 
ago, and found Professor Woodworth surrounded by his corps 
of assistants, with the class rooms full of eager students and 
a general air of bustling energy and interest in the work. At 
Cornell, where Professor Comstock began, as I have shown, 
thirty-seven years ago in a small room with no assistants and 
no equipment, there is now a large department occupying 
spacious quarters in the new agricultural building erected by 
the state, with extensive libraries and large collections and 
a corps of six professors, including Professor Comstock him- 
self. Although the department is still that of entomology 
and invertebrate zoology, the entomology is by far the most 
important, and every one of the six professors is teaching en- 
tomology. There are also six assistants, of whom four are 
in biology, one in insect morphology and one in general ento- 
mology. The present year there is an enrollment of 565 in 
the various courses. This includes a registration of 375 in 
general biology and 190 in purely entomological courses. 


In Illinois Professor Forbes has a building devoted entirely 
to entomology. It is not a very large building, but it is suffi- 
ciently commodious and the same interest in the work is 
shown. In strictly entomological courses this year there are 
85 students, of whom 13 are graduate students working in 
advanced courses. The instructors are one professor, one 
assistant professor and two laboratory assistants. Excellent 
courses are given, and good men are being turned out. 

Out in Nebraska Professor Lawrence Bruner started in the 
autumn of 1888 with three students. During the past year 
(1909-10) there were 160 students in the first semester and 
142 in the second semester in the school of agriculture, while 
in the college work there were 21 students throughout the 
year. At the date of present writing there are 23 students 
registered in college courses, while the school of agriculture 
has not yet started. Professor Bruner has one assistant pro- 
fessor and a laboratory instructor. 

Such information as this might, be continued for pages. 
This is sufficient, however, to indicate the advances that have 
been made and the sound condition in which we find instruc- 
tion in economic zoology being carried on at the present time. 
It may be well to suggest here that if any criticism is to be 
made of the training that economic zoologists are receiving 
in our institutions it is that sufficient stress is not laid upon 
the necessity of learning the methods of field work. A young 
man coming from a university or an agricultural college know- 
ing his insects well and well fitted to teach, is at a great dis- 
advantage in going into practical work if he has had no field 
experience, and also if he does not understand agriculture, 
horticulture and the most important art of meeting and hand- 
ling men. 

It will appear from what has been said that the Massach- 
usetts Agricultural College has borne her full share, and the 
Massachusetts Agricultural College in this connection means 
Professor Charles H. Fernald, later with his son Henry. He 
came here in 1886, just before the founding of the agricul- 
tural experiment stations. His published works, both in pure- 


ly scientific and economic directions, have stamped him as of 
the first rank. His work in connection with the magnificent 
efforts of the state of Massachusetts to control the gipsy 
moth and the brown-tail moth has been of the soundest char- 
acter. The affection and respect shown for him by his students 
is indicated almost daily by those who have come to Washing- 
ton, and is easily understood by one who, like myself, has been 
more or less closely associated with him for thirty years. I 
shall never forget the summer of 1880, when he and Mrs. 
Fernald spent some time in Washington working with Pro- 
fessor Comstock, who was at that time chief of the Division 
of Entomology, I myself being his assistant. Professor 
Fernald was a constant inspiration and he was also a constant 
delight on account of his overflowing humor. At that time 
pedlars and mendicants of different kinds were allowed access 
to the rooms, and it was a standing joke of the Professor's, 
when the door opened and one of these men came in, to jump 
to his feet, to appear to recognize him, shake his hand cor- 
dially, ask after his wife and children and the old folks at 
home, which almost invariably so confused the incomer that 
he turned around abruptly and left the room. 

I understand that he is to retire now. I know of no one who 
has made quite so good a record, viewed from every point. 
A number of years ago I was riding with him along a country 
road in eastern Massachusetts, and he said to me, "Howard, 
I have been thinking about myself and of the little I have done, 
and I wonder whether after I shall have gone people will 
think of me as a systematic entomologist or rather as an econ- 
omic entomologist." And I replied instantly, "You forget 
probably the biggest work you have done and the best work, 
and that is as a teacher." And is it not true? The memory 
of Professor Fernald will live after he goes, both as a sys- 
tematist and as a strong economic entomologist, but, greater 
than either, as a teacher ; and this building will be a visible 
monument to his work as long as it shall stand. May he live 
many more years to know and to enjoy the reputations which 
are being made and which shall surely continue to be made by 
the men he has taught. 


A new Argynnis and a new Parnassius (Lcp.)- 
BY HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Philadelphia. 

Argynnis sakuntala n. sp. 

This is a red fulvous species belonging to the rliodope, serene, mon~ 
ticola group. 

In the male the black markings on the upper side of the wings are 
not as intense a black as in rhodope and the red fulvous of the wing is 
not so deep. The under side of the primaries is marked as in rhodope 
but the ground color is not so intense or dark in color. There is a de- 
cided buff space on the secondaries below, between the sub-marginal 
markings and the row of large spots crossing the wing from the costa 
to the inner margin. In rhodope this space is a dark red fulvous or 
ferruginous. The spots crossing the wing number seven and they are 
larger than the corresponding spots in rhodope and only edged with 
black on their inner side. The submarginal crescents are not silvered 
as in rhodope. The basal area is brick red in the form being described 
and deep red fulvous in rhodope. The female is similar but lighter in 
color. In this sex the submarginal crescents are slightly silvered. 

Described from four males and one female. 

Habitat. Ainsworth, B. C., Aug. 13, 1903, Rev. G. H. 
Findley; rtaslo, B. C., July 7, 1890, J. W. Cockle; Laggan, 
Alberta, T. E. Bean. 

Type Locality >Kaslo, B. C. The specimens, excepting 
those from Laggan, were kindly submitted for study by Dr. 
C. Gordon Hewitt, Dominion Entomologist. The Alberta 
specimens and the type are in the collection of the Academy 
of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia. Owing to the fact that 
the above mentioned material in conjunction with a large series 
of rhodope has been made available for study, it seems advis- 
able to name this form. What relation it bears to rhodope in 
nature can't be foretold, but it is sufficiently distinct to call at- 
tention to it in the hope that future study will establish its true 

Parnassius immaculata n. sp. 

Male. Expands 1.25 inches. Primaries marked as in Parnassius 
clodius. Secondaries devoid of spots, the only marking is formed by 
the black scales on the inner margin and on the inner side of the dis- 
coidal area. 

Described from one specimen taken at the Old Faithful 
Geyser, Yellowstone Park, Wyoming, by Mr. W. Judson 
Coxey, and kindly presented by him to the Academy of Natural 
Sciences, of Philadelphia. \Vhat relation this bears to clodius 
I am not prepared to say. Additional material and study in its 
habitat will be necessary to solve the problem. 


Two new Gall Midges (Dipt.). 

BY E. P. FELT, Albany, N. Y. 

The two West Indian species described below were reared 
by Mr. W. H. Patterson, of the School of Agriculture, St. 
Vincent, and recently sent to the writer for determination. 

Asphondylia vincenti n. sp. 

This species was reared from the fruits of Jussiaea linifolia 
and /. suffrutiosa, at St. Vincent, W. I. 

Male. Length 1.75 mm. Antennae nearly as long as the body, 
sparsely short-haired, dark brown ; 14 sessile segments, the fifth with 
a length about five times its diameter; circumfili distinct, very tortuous. 
Palpi : first segment irregularly oval, with a length over twice its diam- 
eter, the second slender, nearly three times the length of the first. 
Mesonotum a nearly uniform slaty brown, the submedian lines sparsely 
haired. Scutellum fuscous yellowish, postscutellum darker. Abdomen 
sparsely haired dark brown. Wings hyaline, costa light brown, sub- 
costa uniting therewith just before the basal half, the third vein 
at the apex of the wing, the fifth just beyond the distal third, 
its branch just before the basal half. Legs mostly a variable 
fuscous yellowish, the tarsal segments being darker, except the yellow- 
ish brown tibiae and first four tarsal segments of the posterior legs ; 
simple claws rather slender, strongly curved, the pulvilli as long as the 
claws. Genitalia ; basal clasp segment short, greatly swollen ; terminal 
clasp segment short, swollen, bidentate apically ; dorsal plate divided, 
the lobes narrowly oval and thickly setose apically; ventral plate small, 
apparently bilobed. 

Female. Length 2 mm. Color characters nearly as in the male. An- 
tennae : the fifth segment with a length about five times its diameter, 
the I2th with a length l /4 greater than its diameter, the I3th a little short- 
er, the I4th flattened, subglobose. Palpi : the first segment with a length 
nearly three times its diameter, the second slender, l / 2 longer ; posterior 
tibiae and first four tarsal segments markedly lighter than in the male. 
Ovipositor when extended about as long as the body, the acicula 
slender, acute ; dorsal pouch moderate sized, the lobes thickly setose 
and narrowly rounded apically. 

Pupa. Length 2 mm. Oval, stout, yellowish brown ; cephalic horns 
moderately long, stout, the inner oblique margins finely serrate ; antennal 
cases extending to the first abdominal segment, the wing cases to the 
fourth and the leg cases to the sixth. Just below the base of the an- 
tennae and on the venter there is a median, triangular, chitinous pro- 


cess, and a little behind that a bidentate, chitinous process with a mi- 
nute median tooth. Pupal skin thickly set with chitinous points or cor- 
rugations. Abdominal segments each with the dorsum ornamented 
with two sparse, transverse rows of stout spines, these becoming irreg- 
ular on the terminal segment, the apex being marked with a group of 
two or three divergent, sublateral spines. 

Larva.. Length 2 mm. Rather stout, white, distinctly segmented ; 
head extremely broad, only the tips of the slightly protuberant mouth- 
parts being fuscous; antennae short, extremely minute, the whole great- 
ly obscured by the large, strongly chitinized breastbone, which latter is 
broad, anteriorly, quadridentate, being divided by a median incision into 
two groups of minor teeth; shaft rather indistinctly chitinized and sup- 
ported by submedian, chitinous, rounded lobes ; skin coarsely shagreen- 

Type Cecid a2i:8, N. Y. State Museum. 

Hyperdiplosis eupatorii n. sp. 

This species was reared from a green, conical gall with a 
length of about 4 mm. and a diameter of 1.5 mm., on the upper 
surface of the leaves of Enpatorium, the insects pupating 
within the deformity. This form is provisionally referred to 
Hyperdiplosis, because it agrees therewith in the triarticulate 
palpi, the reduced circumfili and the deeply and roundly exca- 
vated ventral plate. The antennal stems of the typical Hyper- 
diplosis are more produced and the claws more strongly bent 
than in this West Indian form. 

Male. Length i.i mm. Antennae l /2 longer than the body, thickly 
haired, fuscous yellowish; 14 segments, the fifth having the basal por- 
tion of the stem with a length l /2 greater than its diameter, the distal 
part with a length 2 l / 2 times its diameter ; basal enlargement subglo- 
bose, a sparse subbasal whorl and a subapical circumfilum, the loops 
short and reaching only to the middle of the stem; the distal enlarge- 
ment with a length J^ greater than its diameter, a scattering whorl of 
setae, subbasal and subapical circumfili, the loops of each short, those 
of the distal filum not extending to the tip of the segment ; terminal 
segment having the distal enlargement subcylindric, with a length 2 l /2 
times its diameter and a stout, finger-like process apical!}'. Palpi ; first 
segment short, irregular, the second with a length three times its width, 
the third nearly twice the length of the second, more slender. Mesono- 
tufn light brownish red, the yellowish submedian lines sparsely haired. 
Scutellum and postscutellum yellowish. Abdomen yellowish red, the 
fifth to seventh segments yellowish ; genitalia reddish. Wings hyaline. 


costa light brown, subcosta uniting therewith near the basal third, the 
third vein well beyond the apex, the fifth just before the distal fourth, 
its branch near the basal half. Halteres whitish transparent. Legs a 
nearly uniform fuscous yellowish, the simple claws slender, slightly 
curved, the pulvilli shorter than the claws. Genitalia ; basal clasp seg- 
ment long, stout ; terminal clasp segment rather long, stout, irregularly 
curved; dorsal plate broad, broadly and roundly emarginate, the lobes 
irregularly rounded, sparsely setose ; ventral plate long, broad, broadly 
and very deeply emarginate, the lateral angles rather stout, finger-like, 
setose apically; style long, stout, broadly rounded distally. 

Female. Length 1.5 mm. Antennae nearly as long as the body, 
sparsely haired, dark fuscous ; probably 14 segments, the fifth with a 
stem 1-3 the length of the cylindric basal enlargement, which latter has 
a length about three times its diameter. Palpi : first segment rather 
stout, with a length twice its width, the second a little longer, more 
slender, the third l /$ longer than the second. Coloration nearly as in 
the male, except that the abdomen appears to be deep red. Ovipositor 
short, stout, when extended with a length only about 1-3 that of the 
abdomen ; terminal lobes narrowly elliptical, with a length three times 
the width, rather thickly and coarsely setose. 

Pupa. Length 2.75 mm. Yellowish white ; cephalic horns stout, yel- 
lowish brown ; thorax with a yellowish cast, thoracic horns rather 
stout, curved ; antennal cases extending to the first abdominal segment, 
wing cases to the third abdominal segment, the leg cases to the sixth ; 
abdomen whitish, each of the segments dorsally with a short, trans- 
verse row of two to five stout, chitinous spines, the posterior extremity 
apparently unarmed. 

Type Cecid a2ii6, N. Y. State Museum. 

TIMETES. In rearranging the American Rhopalocera in the collection 
of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia recently, I became 
interested to know whether one or two of the red species of Timetes 
were found in the United States. I found that we only had one au- 
thentic specimen from the United States and it was taken by Mrs. 
Slosson at Biscayne Bay, Florida. This specimen proves to be T. 
peleus Sulz. (petreus Cramer). The other species in our lists is 
eleuchea Hubn, and it is said to have been taken in Texas and Florida. 
It is a species found in Cuba and would be likely to be also found in 
Florida. It is not recorded from Mexico as far as I am aware. Peleus 
and eleuchea are closely related and it is likely that the two have been 
confused. Exact records for these insects are desirable as well as ex- 
act identifications so that we may determine whether we are to list 
both species or only one. I will be pleased to identify any material 
and would also be glad to have exact data of correctly determined 
specimens. HENRY SKINNER.. 


Notes on Tyloderma foveolatum (Say) (Col.). 

BY A. A. GIRAULT, Urbana, Illinois. 

On June I, 1909, at Centralia, Illinois, along a fence around 
a meadow on a farm there were found in a tangle of weeds an 
occasional clump of evening primrose (Oenothera biennis L.). 
every plant in which had been attacked by this common weevil. 
Eggs were then very abundant ; thus on a random plant sixty- 
seven egg-scars were counted. The eggs have the following 
characters : 

Length, 0.80 mm. ; width, 0.65 mm. Short-oval to oval ; surface cov- 
ered with a greyish, deciduous substance not unlike a coating of thin 
sugar and which is opaque and without sculpture. When this is rub- 
bed off, the surface of the egg is polished yellow, with no marked 
sculpture but slightly coriarious or like the surface of some leathers. 
Soft, pliable, easily crushed. Inconspicuous. General color greyish 
yellow; when seen in its natural position, the upper side (and also 
the lower) is slightly flattened. Deposited singly. When examined 
with transmitted light, the egg is liquid yellow or amber, opaque cen- 
trally ; this color persists until hatching. The pruinose coating is eas- 
ily removed by gently rolling the eggs between the fingers. The micro- 
pyle is not conspicuous. 

Several females were observed laying eggs ; the manner 
of doing this is extremely interesting. In the cases observed 
the males were not present. The mother weevil faces toward 
the top of the plant and takes a firm hold. She then proceeds 
to eat out of the stem of the plant a quadrate or oval cavity, 
making it about a half of a millimeter deep. When this is 
completed, she turns about, fits the end of the abdomen into 
the cavity and places an egg. Then assuming her former po- 
sition by turning about, she advances, breaks the skin of the 
plant w r ith her beak and peels a short strip of it down to the 
cavity and tucks it over the egg; this is repeated a number of 
times. Then she commences to peel off in the same manner 
longer strips from above and to one side of the cavity ; these 
longer strips are peeled dow 7 n as far as the bottom end of the 
egg cavity, bent over it and packed with the beak around the 
egg. Finally, she turns about, after crossing over the nidus. 


and commences to peel the long strips from the opposite direc- 
tion, pulling them up as far as the top of the cavity, bending 
them back over it and packing them in and around the egg as 
formerly. In this manner, at the end, she has the egg securely 
protected by a closely kneaded and interwoven network of 
plant tissue which becomes conspicuous by being in the center 
(axially) of a well-defined, denuded area and also because it is 
convex. The whole operation may require from forty-five to 
seventy-five minutes, or perhaps on the average about an hour. 
This method of protecting the egg is certainly ingenious. 

The following general notes were recorded : On June 20. 
1909, females were still laying eggs. To show the compara- 
tively enormous number of these which a single plant may re- 
ceive, two random plants were examined on this date. In the 
case of the first, the main stem bore 204 egg-scars and three 
branches, 22, 13 and 28 respectively, a total of 267. The 
main stem of the second plant bore 97 egg-scars and its three 
branches, 7, 7 and 4 respectively, or a total of 115. This 
means in the case of the main stem that not many areas occur 
which are not entirely covered with the nidi. Most of those 
occurring on the branches faced inward or toward the main 

June 28, a female accompanied by its mate, riding upon its 
back, was observed making an egg-cavity and also a similar 
pair was observed at the same time engaged in completing a 
nidus after deposition ; the males were passive in both in- 
stances. By this date, the adults were less common, the eggs, 
however, still commonly found in the plants ; the larvae were 
more common, perhaps, than the eggs. 

Two weeks later (July 15), adults were still present, engaged 
in oviposition, though noticeably less abundant. The majority 
of plants now opened for examination have their pithy in- 
teriors, especially near the ground, hollowed out and filled with 
brownish frass and debris, like moist ground cloves, those 
larvae which are full-grown at this time (6.25 mm.) being 
buried within the pith and partly concealed by the frass. Far- 


ther up the stem, the hollowed-out channel gradually narrows, 
widening occasionally for some older larva (we may infer 
that first oviposition is done near the surface of the ground, 
later the eggs placed higher up on the stems), so that half 
way up the stem of the plant, merely the narrow, oblique chan- 
nels of the smaller larvae are usually present at this time, none 
of which lead directly from the nidus to the pithy center of 
the stem but instead are more or less diagonal and curved, 
sometimes irregular or tortuous. No pupae have been found 
as yet. The larvae were, of course, in various stages of de- 

On August 7, a badly infested plant taken from the field 
and examined contained full-grown larvae and also pupae. 
No adults have been noticed since the fifteenth of July. No 
other notes were obtained. 

It is easily inferred that but a single generation of this wee- 
vil occurs during a season, the adults emerging in the late 
summer and early autumn and without attempting reproduc- 
tion, hibernate. The next spring, they feed and mate, then con- 
tinue to lay eggs for about two months, and in. course of about 
a month and a half after the first eggs the adults may com- 
mence to emerge, continuing for a month or so. At Butler, 
111., eggs were found on July 16, 1910. Larvae, then, were in 
all stages of development. Mr. E. A. Schwarz, U. S. N. M., 
kindly authoritatively identified the specimens. 

A NOTE ON CHLAMYS PLICATA FABRICIUS. This peculiar chrysomelid 
was abundant on wild blackberry plants at Centralia, 111., during 1909. 
These notes were made concerning it : Larvae present during June ; 
first pupa found in the larval case attached to the stem of a weed, two 
feet up from the ground, on June 28. The first beetle emerged from 
pupae kept in confinement but collected outdoors, on July 7 to 9. On 
July 19, 1909; 10 beetles which emerged a week and a half earlier were 
transferred to a breeding-cage containing fresh foliage of blackberry: 
although they lived for at least a month, they did not reproduce. They 
had been well attended to as regards food. A. A. GIRAULT, Urbana, 


New American Cleridae, with notes on others (Col.). 

By A. B. WOLCOTT, Chicago, 111. 

The material forming the basis of the present article was 
recently received from Prof. H. F. Wickham, by whom it was 
collected and to whom my thanks are due for having gener- 
ously placed in my hands for study all his unique and most 
valued specimens. Nearly all the species herein described as 
new are forms differing greatly from their nearest allies and 
should prove of easy recognition. 

CALLOTILLUS gen. nov. 

Body elongate, moderately convex, winged. Labrum short, 
transverse, truncate; eyes small, finely granulate, internally 
deeply emarginate ; last joint of maxillary palpi subcylindrical, 
of labial palpi securiform ; antennae lo-jointed, joint one mod- 
erately large ; joint two small, suborbicular ; joint three elon- 
gate, triangular, longer than joint one ; joints four to nine tri- 
angular, much larger than preceding joints, as broad as long; 
joint ten compressed, longer than the two preceding joints to- 
gether, obtusely rounded at apex. 

The species for which this genus is erected is Clerus-like in 
form. The structure of the antennae recalls both that of Tiliits 
and Monophylla. The third joint of the antennae is elongate 
triangular, but much narrower and more elongate than the suc- 
ceeding joints. The legs are slender and moderately long. 
The tarsi, five joints of which are visible from above, are 
scarcely one-half as long as the tibiae; they are feebly dilated 
and joints two, three and four are lamellate; the claws are 
bifid, the inner division slightly shorter than the outer portion 
and furnished with a strong tooth at base. Five segments of 
abdomen visible. 

The structure of the tarsi and the antennae bring this genus 
into the group Tillini, where it is best placed between Mono- 
phylla Spin, and Tillus Oliv. 

Type of the genus is the following new species: 

Callotillus eburneocinctus sp. nov. 

Rufous, subopaque; meso- and metasternum rufo-piceous; abdomen 
black, shining, posterior margins of ventral segments pale; antennae 


pale testaceous ; elytra with a narrow, slightly recurved, elevated, 
median fascia pale yellowish, apical half of elytra blue black. Head 
including the feebly prominent eyes not wider than the thorax at apex, 
moderately clothed with whitish pubescence, rather finely very densely 
punctate. Thorax longer than broad, much narrower at base than at 
apex, apical margin arcuate, sides broadly rounded to behind the mid- 
dle, thence gradually convergent to base, less densely but a little more 
coarsely punctured than the head, clothed with short, recumbent, gray- 
ish pubescence, and in apical half with long erect black pilosity which 

Right antenna of Callotillus eburneocinctus n. sp. 

is dense each side of middle, forming a large indefinitely limited 
rounded spot. Elytra broader at base than the thorax at widest part, 
sides parallel in basal half, behind this arcuately broadened then nar- 
rowed to the conjointly rounded apices, humeri moderately prominent, 
each elytron strongly tuberculate at base midway between scutellum 
and humerus, the tubercles clothed with erect black pilosity, basal 
half of elytra rufous, clothed with sparse black pilosity, finely densely 
punctate, apical half blue black, densely clothed with short grey pu- 
bescence with some longer erect black hairs intermixed, as densely but 
more coarsely punctate than basal half, a narrow, slightly elevated 
somewhat recurved, pale yellow median fascia attains the flanks but not 
the suture. Body beneath and abdomen sparsely, finely punctate, clothed 
with sparse whitish pubescence. Legs moderately clothed with whitish 
hairs. Length 5 mm. 

One specimen. Key West, Florida. Type in collection of 
Prof. Wickham. 

Cymatodera delicatula Fall, Canad. Ent., xxxviii, 1906, p. 113. 

A specimen taken at Tepehuanes, Durango, Mex., I refer 
to this species with slight doubt. It differs in no discernible 
structural character from the typical form from Lower Cali- 
fornia. The color in the example before me is, however, so 
different from that of the Lower Californian form that no 
doubt they would be considered distinct were specimens of the 
species from the type locality not before me. 

In the Tepehuanes specimen the body beneath is pale testa- 
ceous, the head entirely black, the thorax as in the type, but 


the elytra are black with a much narrower ante-median fascia, 
which is slightly interrupted at the suture ; the apices of elytra 
not pale. The specimen is 3.5 mm. in length. 

Cymatodera turbata Horn, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., xii, 1885, p. 151. 
This species was also taken at Tepehuanes, Mex., by Prof. 
Wickham. The specimen is typical in every respect with the 
exception of a very slight infuscate cloud at extreme apices of 
elytra. This species has not been recorded as occurring else- 
where than in Texas, if we exclude a Panama record of a spe- 
cies doubtfully determined as turbata. 

Cymatodera comans Wolc., Publ. Field Mus. Chicago, vii, 1910, p. 
351, pi. 6, f. 14-16. 

Two male specimens of this species have been sent me by 
Prof. Wickham since the description was published. Both ex- 
amples were taken at Salton, Cal., August 20, and form an 
interesting record as they were found at 265 feet below sea 
level. A female from Peach Springs, Ariz. (Wickham), is 
considerably smaller than the type, being but 7.5 mm, in 
length. A male from Yerington, Nev. (Baumberger), is of the 
same size as the female from Peach Springs. The present 
known distribution of the species is Utah, Texas, Arizona, Cali- 
fornia and Nevada. 

Cymatodera bipunctata Gorh., Biol. Centr.-Ameri., Col. Ill, 2, 1882, 
p. 135, pi. vii, f. 16. 

A specimen of this very rare species labeled "Jalapa, Mex.," 
was sent me by Prof. Wickham. The species was originally 
described from Oaxaca, Mexico, two specimens being all that 
were known. 

The specimen at hand agrees in every way with the descrip- 
tion with the exception that the sutural margins from the mid- 
dle to apex are very narrowly bordered with black. The struc- 
ture of the antennae is as in inornata, but the outer joints are 
even less dentate. The specimen is a female, hence the termi- 
nal segments of the abdomen furnish no characters of im- 
portance. The length of the specimen is 9.5 mm. 



Gahan, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (8), v, 1910, p. 62 and 65. Clerus Schklg., 
Gen. Ins., Cleridae, 1903, p. 48 (nee. Fabr.). 

The term Enoclerus proposed by Prof. Chas. J. Gahan for 
the American species formerly placed in Clerus is suppressed 
by Sigm. Schenkling in the Coleopterorum Catalogus (W. 
Junk), Cleridae, 1910, p. 51, and placed as a synonym of Clerus 

Prof. Gahan has, I think, plainly demonstrated that the type 
of the genus Clerus is the European mutillarius Fabr., a species 
not congeneric with the American species. Prof. Gahan used 
both the "first species" and "elimination" methods and both 
gave the same result. Se.vguttatus Fabr., which must be ac- 
cepted as the type of Clerus, if the classification of Mr. 
Schenkling be approved, was not included as one of the 
original species, apparently being unknown to Fabricius at the 
time he characterized the genus, the description of se.vguttatus 
appearing in an appendix to the volume. Mutillarius was the 
last of the species originally included in Clerus by Fabricius to 
be removed to another genus. Jacques du Val in 1861 made 
it the type of his genus Pseudoclerops. Therefore there seems 
to be no other course than to consider Pseudoclerops a syno- 
nym of Clerus Fabr., and to retain the name Enoclerus for the 
American species. 

Enoclerus ocreatus Horn, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., xii, 1885, p. 154. 
Specimens of this species occur in Colorado in which the 
antennae and tibiae are quite dark ; these specimens bear a 
great deal of resemblance to an immaculate humeralis Schaeff., 
but the elytra are slightly more depressed and the punctua- 
tion much less inclined to become seriate. 

Enoclerus humeralis Schaeff., Sci. Bull. Brooklyn Inst. Mus., I, 
1905, p. 155. 

This species originally described from Tulare Co., Califor- 
nia, appears to be confined to the Pacific coast region. In the 
collection of Mr. F. S. Daggett there is an example from San 
Bernardino Mts., California, elevation 6,400 ft. My friend, 
Mr. F. W. Nunenmacher, has recently sent me a specimen 


from Del Norte Co., northern California, and from Prof. 
Wickham I have received a specimen for identification which 
is labeled Vernon, B. C. In all these, as in the type, the red 
humeral markings are strongly limited and of the same form. 

Enoclerus quadriguttatus var. rufiventris Spin., Mon. Cler., I, 1844, 
p. 264, pi. xxiii, f. 3. 

A specimen of this variety from Mt. Katahdin, Maine, 5,000 
feet, sent for examination by Prof. Wickham has the usual 
coloration of this variety excepting that the apical margin of 
the prothorax is dull testaceous and the median elytral fascia 
is bright orange-yellow ; a subapical fascia of the same color 
is less evident, being more thoroughly hidden by the dense 
grayish pubescence clothing this part. 

Enoclerus bombycinus Chevr., Col. Mex., cent. I', fasc. 1, 1833, No. 

Three specimens from Tepehuanes, Durango, Mexico, sent 
by Prof. Wickham, are as variable in size as the examples 
from eastern Mexico, but remarkably constant in coloration. 

Enoclerus spinolae Lee., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philad., vi, 1853, p. 

A specimen of this species taken by Prof. Wickham at 
Tepehuanes, Durango, Mexico, has the post median fascia 
nearly complete, the interruption at the suture being very nar- 

This species has on two or more occasions been recorded as 
occurring in Mexico, but no definite locality has been given. 

Enoclerus acerbus sp. nov. 

Closely allied to ichnenmoneus Fabr., from which it differs as fol- 
lows : Form broader and depressed, head and prothorax rather coarse- 
ly rugose, elytra very finely confluently punctate, the general color 
black, a broad median fascia and the abdomen yellow. Head, pro- 
thorax, base of elytra and legs clothed with long erect and semi-erect 
greyish hairs ; these are wanting upon the disk of the prothorax where 
they are replaced by very short, dense black pubescence and longer 
black hairs. Elytra black, a broad median fascia yellow, the anterior 
and posterior margins of fascia sub-parallel but arcuate upon each 
elytron, the convexity being toward the base of elytra, a sub-apical ob- 
lique fascia composed of short greyish pubescence as in ichneumoneus, 


the black portions clothed with short velvety black pubescence, and 
with the fascia with sparse long black hairs. Length 10 mm. 

Elko, Nevada. Type in cabinet of Prof. Wickham. 

A smaller specimen (8.2 mm.) which is not before me at 
the present time is in the collection of the Illinois State Labora- 
tory of Natural History. This specimen is from the "Pea- 
body colln." and bears the locality label "Ut." and the name 
label analis, from which it is entirely distinct. 

Enoclerus opifex Gorh., Biol. Centr.-Amer., Col., iii, 2, 1882, p. 
156, pi. viii, f. 3. 

Two specimens of this interesting addition to our fauna 
were taken at Alpine, Texas (4400-6000 ft.) by Prof. Wick- 
ham. Gorham described opife.v from Mexico, Guatemala and 
Nicaragua. It is quite unlike any other species in our fauna. 
The color is black, shining, the elytra red, a large rounded 
subapical black maculation on each elytron sometimes confluent 
at suture, the black bordered anteriorly by a narrow pale red 
fascia, the extreme apex is black and with the legs is densely 
clothed with gray hairs. The specimens before me are 7.5-8 
mm. in length. Gorham gives the length of this species as 
5.5-8 mm. 

Enoclerus analis Lee., Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N. Y., v, 1849, p. 20. 

This appears to be a much misunderstood species, others 
than the proper species usually bearing this name in collec- 
tions, while analis is as often placed under another name. I 
have even found them placed as abrnptus, a species to which 
they bear but little resemblance. Analis is variable in regard 
to the coloration of the legs and abdomen, the elytra are on 
the contrary quite constant, being in all specimens examined 
red at base and dark before the median fascia which has a 
form not found in any other species occurring in North 
America, and which is somewhat similar to that of rosmarus 
but more deeply and regularly concave and greatly prolonged 
posteriorly at the suture, reaching nearly, or quite to the sub- 
apical fascia; the apex is black (pale in most specimens of 
rosmarus'] and the black space intervening between the pale 


fasciae is much wider than in rosmarus. The legs are usually 
black, but the color varies to the extent of all the tibiae red 
and in some individuals the anterior and sometimes a portion 
of all the femora as well as the tarsi are also red. The color 
of the abdomen as given in the original description and as 
given in the notes subjoined is contradictory, but as due to 
actual variation in color the statements are true ; the abdomen 
varying- from entirely pale red, the apical segment sanguineous 
red, to entirely black, usually, however, with the apical seg- 
ment red. The specimens at hand show that the basal seg- 
ments are the first to become darker, these having at times 
merely an infuscate cloud ; the most common form has the 
three apical segments red. 

Enoclerus abruptus Lee., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philad., 1858, p. 72. 

This is undoubtedly the most variable species of the genus. 
The typical form has the head, thorax and legs red, but forms 
are at hand with the same parts black ; in other specimens the 
head and thorax may be black, the legs red or again these 
conditions may be reversed. The basal maculations of the 
elytra are always present, but in some individuals they are but 
little paler than the basal portion of the elytra ; the width and 
form of the median fascia is very variable, and is usually but 
not always interrupted at the suture. The color of the pale 
parts varies from red to yellow. It is probable that two or 
more of the species now standing as valid are but varieties of 
this species. 

Enoclerus abruptus var. coccineus S'chklg. 

Clerus coccineus Schklg., Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr., 1906. p. 272, 

pi. II, f. 7- 

Clerus corallinus Fall. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., XXXIII, 1907, 
p. 240. 

This is one of the many forms deserving of a varietal name. 
Coccineus was described from northern Mexico but occurs 
in our fauna from Duluth, Minn., through Nebraska and 
Colorado to Texas and New Mexico. 


Enoclerus palmii Schaeff., Journ. N. Y. Ent. Soc., xi, 1904, p. 218. 

This recently described species seems to be not rare in col- 
lections. It is in my collection from Las Vegas, New Mex., 
and Prof. Wickham has taken it at Gallup, New Mex., and 
at Williams, Ariz. There is some variation in size but the 
markings and sculpture are constant. 

Hydnocera superba sp. nov. 

Moderately robust, cyaneous, shining; head and thorax with slight 
greenish tint, the latter sometimes aeneous; elytra violaceous; antennae 
pale testaceous at base, gradually infuscated toward apex; legs blue 
black. Head including the eyes wider than the prothorax, very densely 
but not very coarsely punctate, front impressed each side of middle, 
clothed with short sparse whitish pubescence, with a few long erect 
black hairs intermixed. Thorax broader than long, densely, rather 
coarsely punctate, middle of disk at base impunctate ; sides strongly 
constricted at apex, moderately dilated at middle and straight and par- 
allel at base, lateral fovese deep and distinct, pubescence greyish, short 
sparse and inconspicuous with a few long erect black hairs intermixed. 
Elytra normally covering the abdomen, feebly narrowing to apex ; 
humeri distinct ; surface coarsely, subcribrately punctate, the individual 
punctures mostly well separated, apical two-fifths more finely and 
densely punctate, becoming scabrous toward apex ; apices obtusely 
separately rounded, non-serrate, slightly dehiscent at suture ; clothed 
with short, recumbent greyish pubescence which is most conspicuous 
toward the apices and also forms an indistinct fascia at apical two- 
fifths, also with longer dark hairs which are erect before the fascia 
and semi-recumbent behind it. Body, abdomen and legs very finely 
and densely punctate, moderately clothed with whitish pubescence, the 
legs quite densely. Length 6 mm. 

Two specimens. Tepehuanes, Durango, Mexico. 
Type in collection of Prof. Wickham ; cotype in my collec- 

Hydnocera mexicana sp. nov. 

Robust, aeneous, moderately shining; antennae (except club), tibiae 
and tarsi rufo-testaceous, the tarsi more or less infuscate; abdomen 
black with cupreous reflexions. Head, including the eyes, distinctly 
wider than the prothorax, rather coarsely, very densely punctate, clothed 
with short, whitish, recumbent pubescence and longer sparse black 
pilosity. Thorax wider than long, discal area sparsely, the flanks 
coarsely and densely punctate; sides strongly dilated before the middle, 
strongly constricted near apex, feebly convergent at base; lateral 


foveae moderately distinct ; pubescence and pilosity similar to that of 
head but more dense. Elytra scarcely shorter than the abdomen ; flanks 
slightly convergent posteriorly; wider than the head; humeri distinct; 
disk feebly convex ; coarsely, densely punctate, an area behind the post- 
median fascia confluently punctate, becoming granular at the apices ; 
sparsely clothed with short, recumbent, whitish hairs, long erect black 
hairs conspicuous on basal half; a post-median transverse spot or 
fascia dull testaceous, clothed with long, recumbent, posteriorly directed 
whitish hairs, these also extending anteriorly on suture to about basal 
one-third, thence sinuately to the humeri, behind the fascia these hairs 
also evident, extending nearly half way to apices thence forming an 
arcuate fascia with its convexity toward the apices, the latter obtusely, 
separately rounded, non-serrate and dehiscent at suture. Body beneath 
and abdomen finely, sparsely punctate, clothed with moderately long, 
sparse hairs ; legs clothed with short whitish and longer erect black 
hairs. Length 5. 5.5 mm. 

This species bears a striking resemblance to the North 
American sub fa-s data, the size, color, general form and espe- 
cially the markings being very similar. The upper surface 
more coarsely punctate throughout, the more distinctly mark- 
ed elytral pattern with the post-median color fascia and non- 
serrate elytral apices render it impossible to consider it as 
other than a distinct species. 

Two specimens. Tepehuanes, Durango, Mexico. Type in 
collection of Prof. Wickham ; cotype in my collection. 

Hydnocera bituberculata Chevr., Rev. Mag. Zool., 1874, p. 71. 

A specimen of this graceful but oddly formed little species 
was taken at Jalapa, Mex., and sent me by Prof. Wickham. 
In the original description the color of elytra is given (by im- 
plication) as black, while in the Var. B. the prothorax and 
elytra are said to be blue. In the present specimen the head 
and prothorax are shining dark bluish green and the elytra are 
purplish black. The length is 4 millimeters, agreeing with the 
type in size. The basal tubercles of the elytra are quite con- 

Ellipotoma laticornis Say. 

Enoplium laticornis Say, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist., I, 1835, p. 164. 
Ellipotoma laticornis Wolc., Bull. Ind. Dep. Geol. Nat. Res., I. 
1910, p. 859. 


This species, which I have referred to the genus Ellipotoma 
Spinola, has the antenna? eight-jointed in the male, while in 
the female they are ten-jointed. EUipotoma (Apolopha] tri- 
lineata Chevr. (Rev. Mag. Zool., 1874, p. 324) is very doubt- 
fully distinct from laticornis. Our species is in any event bet- 
ter placed in Ellipotoma than in either Apolopha or Ichnca, 
I agree with the expressed view of Prof. Gahan that Ellipo- 
toma should be removed from the group Hydnocerini and be 
placed near Phylloboenus in the group Enopliini of the sub- 
family Corynetinae. 

Eurycranus pulchellus sp. nov. 

Elongate, bluish-green, shining; abdomen, femora and pronotum 
dark aeneous green, apical margin of the latter dark violaceous ; eyes, 
antennae, parts of the mouth (labrum, mandibles, palpi), tibiae and 
tarsi black ; prosternum and apical half of prothoracic flanks rufous ; 
elytra brilliant green with slight metallic lustre and very shining. Head 
not wider than prothorax at apex, rather finely and densely punctate ; 
eyes feebly convex ; front biimpressed ; clothed with short, sparse, 
whitish pubescence and long, moderately dense erect black pilosity ; 
antennae shorter than the head and thorax. Thorax distinctly wider 
than long, widest at basal third, base and apex sub-equal in width, 
subapical constriction feeble ; sides broadly rounded ; subapical trans- 
verse impressed line feeble; basal impressed line deep; a feeble fovea 
each side at middle ; disk at middle longitudinally sulcate ; surface 
coriaceous, rather coarsely and irregularly punctate; clothed with very 
sparse, recumbent whitish pubescence and long erect black pilosity. 
Elytra subparallel ; apices conjointly rounded ; rather strongly convex ; 
humeri protuberant ; a distinct post-humeral fovea ; scutellar region 
depressed ; coarsely, densely irregularly punctate at base, the sculpture 
becoming scabrous toward apex ; entire lateral margin and apical two- 
thirds of sutural margin bicarinate ; rather densely clothed with long, 
semi-recumbent, coarse, yellowish white pubescence with longer, erect 
black hairs intermixed. Body beneath moderately coarsely, sparsely 
punctate ; legs finely, densely punctate. Venter and legs moderately 
clothed with yellowish white pubescence. Length 6 mm. 

This is the second species of the genus to be made known 
from elsewhere than Chili, which country is the metropolis of 
the genus Eurycranus. Rev. Mr. Gorham (Biol. Centr.- 
Amer., Col. Ill, 2, p. 165) described a species from Guate- 
mala, to which he gave the name viridiaeneus. The present 


species differs from Gorham's species by having- the prothorax 
broader than long (longer than wide in viridiaeneus} ; the 
mouth, antennae and palpi black and the legs dark (these parts 
red in viridiaeneus) and the sculpture of the thorax and elytra 
is quite different. 

One specimen. San Angel, D. F., Mexico. 

Type in collection of Prof. Wickham. 


The above term is here proposed to replace the generic name 
Prionodera Wolc., (Publ. Field Mus., Chicago, VII, 1910, p. 
396) which I find is a homonym of Prionodera Chevr. (Dej. 
Cat. Col, 2nd ed., 1834), a genus of Chrysomelidae. 

Three new Brazilian Micro-Lepidoptera. 

By W. D. KEARFOTT, Montclair, N. J. 
Anacrusis iheringi sp. n. 

Exp. $ 25-26 mm., $ 28-30 mm. 

Head and collar dark chocolate brown, mixed with black ; face and 
palpi pale clay-yellow, speckled with dark brown; antennae clay-yel- 
low, dark brown above ; thorax, abdomen and legs, light clay-yellow. 

Forewing $, pale clay-yellow, transversely finely strigulated with a 
darker shade, the strigulations forming faint costal dashes. On the 
outer half of wing, above middle is a long horizontal chocolate brown 
triangular streak, beginning at end of cell, its upper edge nearly reaches 
apex, but bends acutely downward toward middle of termen, the lower 
edge is broadly concave and below it is a cloud of brownish scales. 
This brown mark is bordered anteriorly by a broad and outwardly by 
a narrow silver white edging. In some specimens there is a tendency 
of the brown mark to become broken near its inner end. In the apex 
is a small white spot transversed by a narrow chocolate brown line. 
Cilia clay-yellow. 

Hindwings light clay-yellow, with a few brown flecks in apex. 

The 9 is generally darker than the male. The triangular mark on 
forewing is replaced by a dot of brown at end of cell in middle of 
wing and half way between this dot and apex is a silvery white round 
spot, enclosing on its inner side a lunate spot of chocolate brown. Be- 
tween these and reaching to costa the ground color is much darker, 
forming a quadrate costal spot. 


The 9 forewing is strongly incised between apex and middle of ter- 
men and below middle is strongly concave, in the $ the upper incision 
is much slighter and the lower half of termen is convex. 

Described from one $ and two $ 's from Sao Paulo, Brazil, 
from Dr. R. von Ihering, of the Museo Paulista, for whom 
the species is named (No. 10-650). Types in my collection. 

Stenoma chlorina sp. n. 

\o C> 

Exp. 24-27 mm. 

Head sordid yellowish brown, face hoary white, palpi dark bronzy 
green with scattered white scales on upper side of both 2nd and 3rd 
joints; thorax light gray; abdomen light yellow, anal tuft ochreous; 
legs, ochreous, tarsi ringed with dark brown. 

Forewing of a shining chlorina-green, the $ in certain lights and 
from certain angles, a lighter, whitish shade is visible, especially be- 
tween upper edge of cell and costa, at end of cell and in a narrow 
terminal line. In the ? this white shade is permanent and parallels 
costa from extreme base to middle of termen ; it is interrupted at mid- 
dle of costa and sends a narrow curved spur to the dot at end of cell, 
and thence to hindmargin ; it is somewhat speckled through its length 
by ground color; in the 9 the terminal whitish line is much more dis- 

There is a dark brown, almost black, spot on the fold at two-fifths 
of wing length from base; at the end of cell is a more intense dot of 
the ground color, surrounded by whitish scales. 

Hindwing dull ochreous brown, cilia clear yellow. 

Described from six specimens from Dr. R. von Ihering, Sao 
Paulo, Brazil (No. 10-860) ; two in Meyrick's collection. 
The forewings of this species are broader than the schlac- 
i group, and more nearly the shape of sciaphilina Z. 

Stenoma dissimilis sp. n. 

Exp. $ 17-22 mm., $ 23-27 mm. 

Head white, suffused with lavender gray in front, face white ; palpi 
white, with an ochreous brown spot, above, at base of 2nd joint, a suf- 
fusion of the same shade in the middle of the terminal joint; thorax 
gray ; abdomen whitish yellow. 

Porewing, ground color, pure white; the lower half of wing bounded 
by fold is gray, with a pinkish-lavender suffusion, its upper edge is 
bordered above by four quadrate spots of a darker degree of the same 
shade, the dorsal margin from base to middle of this patch is dull gray; 


between the outer end of patch and tornus are two flatly triangular 
indian red spots ; from the outward one arises a curved transverse line 
of six gray dots, paralleling the termen. Above the patch, and con- 
necting it to the costa, at inner sixth, is a broad fascia of light brown, 
containing a dark brown streak at its lower edge and inner side of the 
upper half. 

The costa is washed with pale yellow, and there are small shades of 
this color and gray, between costa and dorsal patch, the most prominent 
is a yellowish gray spot at end of cell, near costa, below it a smaller 
and fainter spot, and beyond the latter is a curved mark of light gray. 
Between the row of sub-terminal dots and termen is a curved shade of 
yellowish gray. 

Hindwing white, inwardly shading into ochreous-white. 

$ differs from male in the dorsal patch, which is heavily overlaid 
with blackish brown, especially on the outer half. The shades of ochre- 
ous, red and lavender are also entirely absent. 

Described from seven $ 's and five $ 's from Dr. R. von 
Ihering, Sao Paulo, Brazil (No. 10-631). 

This species belongs to the schlaegeri group, with narrow 
forewing. In the $ there is a distinct narrow dorsal fold or 
roll, and in this sex the scales of the basal patch are long and 

A pair in Dr. Edward Meyrick's collection, and I gratefully 
acknowledge his kindness in comparing this and preceding spe- 
cies with British Museum collections. 

COURTSHIP IN TARANTULAS. The instincts of the male tarantula 
change suddenly at the period of maturity. From a creature with 
domestic habits he develops into a vagabond. Disregarding personal 
danger he constructs a sperm-web into which he throws out his sperm 
and pumps it then into both of his palpi. In the search for the female 
he is entirely dependent upon his sense of touch, his sense of sight 
being entirely inadequate for the purpose. The courtship is therefore 
very short and consists in beating the female with his front legs. The 
danger of being hit by the fangs of the excited female is prevented by 
catching them with the hooks on the front legs. The coitus lasts not 
longer than one half minute, after which the spiders cautiously separ- 
ate. A few weeks later the males die apparently a natural death, 


Endaphis Kieff. in the Americas (Dipt.). 

BY E. P. FELT, Albany, N. Y. 

The discovery of species referable to this genus from widely 
separated points in the New World is interesting. Last fall 
we received from Prof. C. H. T. Townsend, Piura, Peru, two 
specimens of a small midge reared by him from cotton leaves 
badly infested with galls containing mites. It is possible that 
these cotton leaves were also infested by small aphicls, though 
none were observed. The North American species has also 
been reared. The two forms are characterized below. 

Endaphis abdominalis n. sp. 

Male. Length .25 mm. Antennae nearly as long as the body, thick- 
ly haired, yellowish; 14 segments, the first antennal segment greatly 
produced ventrally and probably dorsally, extending to the middle of 
the subglobose second antennal segment, the fifth binodose, the two 
parts of the stem, each with a length over twice its diameter, the en- 
largements subglobose, each with a thick subbasal whorl of long, stout 
setae and a well developed subapical circumfilum, the loops of the lat- 
ter extending to the base of the succeeding enlargement. Palpi quadri- 
articulate, the first and second segments short, the third with a length 
about three times its diameter, the fourth as long as the third. Mesono- 
tum fuscous, the submedian lines yellowish. Scutellum yellowish, 
postscutellum fuscous. Abdomen light yellow, fuscous basally. Geni- 
talia yellowish. Wings hyaline, costa pale straw, subcosta uniting 
therewith at the basal third, the third vein distinctly before the apex, 
the fifth, indistinct distally, at the distal third, its branch near the basal 
third. Halteres yellowish transparent. Coxae and femora yellowish ; 
tibiae fuscous yellowish, the tarsi, especially the distal segments, dark- 
er. Claws long, slender, evenly curved, simple, the pulvilli narrow, 
nearly as long as the claws. Genitalia indistinct. 

Female. Length .3 mm. Antennae extending to the second abdom- 
inal segment, rather thickly haired, fuscous yellowish ; 14 segments, the 
first antennal segment produced, the dorsal tooth extending to the mid- 
dle of the subglobose second antennal segment, the fifth subsessile. 
cylindric, with a length about twice its diameter and thick subbasal and 
subapical whorls of long, stout setae ; terminal segment broadly oval, 
with a length about ^ greater than its diameter, broadly rounded api- 
cally. Palpi probably as in the male. Mesonotum fuscous, the sub- 
median lines yellowish. Scutellum yellowish, postscutellum fuscous. 
Abdomen yellowish, the basal three segments a variable fuscous. The 


slender pulvilli nearly as long as the slender, curved, simple claws. 
Ovipositor short, the lobes narrowly oval, sparsely setose. Other char- 
acters as in the male. The colors are approximate, since the descrip- 
tions were drafted from balsam mounts. 

Received through Dr. L. O. Howard, from Prof. C. H. T. 
Townsend, Piura, Peru, and numbered by him 7009. Easily 
distinguished from E. perfidus Kieff. by its much smaller size 
and the presumably yellow color of the abdomen. 

Endaphis americana n. sp. 

The first North American representative of this European 
genus was reared September 2, 1910, from what appeared to 
be galls of Eriophyes jraxinijlora Felt on Fra.rinns velutina 
collected by Dr. R. E. Kunze, Prescott, Arizona, August I5th. 
There was no doubt as to the foliage having been deformed 
by Eriophyes, since mites were rather abundant and relatively 
large. There may have been a few aphids in addition. 

Description. Female. Length i mm. Antennae extending to the sec- 
ond abdominal segment, yellowish transparent, slightly fuscous; 14 
segments, the first excavated and with the margins produced dorsally 
and ventrally, the se<ond subglobose, the third and fourth free, the 
fifth with a stem about l / the length of the cylindric basal enlarge- 
ment, which latter has a length about 2 l / 2 times its diameter ; subbasal 
and subapical whorls sparse; terminal segment slightly produced, with 
a length about 2 l / 2 times its diameter, broadly rounded apically; mouth- 
parts slightly produced, having a length about 1.3 the diameter of the 
head. Palpi : first segment subquadrate, the second Y 2 longer, the third 
a little longer and broader than the second, the fourth a little longer 
and more dilated than the third ; thorax and base of the abdomen dark 
fuscous yellowish, the latter yellowish white apically. Wings hyaline, 
the membrane rather thickly clothed with narrow, curved, hair-like 
scales ; costa dark brown, subcosta uniting therewith near the basal 
third, the third vein at the distal fourth, the fifth before the distal third, 
its branch at the basal third. Halteres yellowish transparent. Legs whit- 
ish transparent, the distal tarsal segments slightly fuscous ; claws slen- 
der, strongly curved, simple, the pulvilli nearly as long as the claws. 
Ovipositor when extended about 1-3 the length of the abdomen, the 
terminal lobes narrowly lanceolate, with a length about 2^/2 times the 
width and sparsely setose apically. 

Type Cecid 32066, N. Y. State Museum. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
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TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
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Dr. C. W. Stiles, Secretary of the International Commission 
on Zoological Nomenclature, has addressed a letter to the Edi- 
tor of Science, published in the issue of that journal for Jan- 
uary 20, 1911, on the subject of Special Committees for Zoo- 
logical Nomenclature. He writes : 

"The International Commission on Zoological* Nomenclature is try- 
ing a plan of cooperation with international committees representing 
the various branches of zoology in an effort to determine in how far it 
will be possible to reach a unanimous agreement upon the names of the 
most important zoological genera, together with the type species of the 
genera in question The plan adopted is for the secre- 
tary to select three or more specialists of unquestioned international 
reputation in a given group, and to request these workers to add to 
their committee any colleagues whom they may desire. It is hoped that 
by this means preliminary studies of fundamental and permanent value 
may be conducted, and that the contending factions in respect to nomen- 
clature, may be harmoniously united. 

The secretary of the commission on nomenclature is adopting the 
plan of taking man as a center, first working out, so far as may be 
done unanimously, names to be adopted for the animals most intimate- 
ly associated with man, and while the undertaking may require years 
of patient labor, it is hoped eventually to establish a list of not less than 
ten thousand generic names, agreed upon unanimously, first by the spe- 
on nomenclature. It is hoped, further, that by this plan an immense 
cial committee, and then passed upon unanimously by the commission 
number of useless synonyms can be unanimously agreed upon as such, 
and gradually eliminated from general zoological literature. 

The scheme naturally depends upon the amount of cooperation on 
the part of the special committees, which will be formed as rapidly as 
the work will justify." 



This seems to us a step in the right direction. To establish 
names by common consent and the sanction of a supreme in- 
ternational body, instead of by the ever uncertain appeal to 
priority, will do away with one of the chief reproaches to 
zoological work. We hope that entomologists will do their 
utmost to assist the Commission, so that our nomenclature will 
no longer speak a different language this morning from that 
which it uttered last night. 

Notes and. Ne\vs 


DR. E. P. FELT has reviewed the fifth volume (1910) of F. V. Theo- 
bald's Monograph of the Culicidae or Mosquitoes in Science for Jan. 
27, 1911. 

MR. FRANCIS E. BOND, a retired Philadelphia broker, accompanied by 
Mr. Stewardson Brown, botanist of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
and Thomas F. Gillin, an amateur naturalist, are on their way to Ven- 
ezuela, where they will devote at least four months to the collection 
of specimens for the museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
of Philadelphia, and for the Philadelphia Zoological Garden. Although 
the expedition is for the purpose of enriching the collection at the 
museum and the Zoological Garden, the entire expense of the journey 
will be defrayed by Mr. Bond. 

THE scientific services of the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture are described by M. G. Severin (Conservator in the Royal Museum 
of Natural History at Brussels and Secretary General of the recent In- 
ternational Congress of Entomology in that city) in a paper of forty 
pages extracted from the Bulletin de la Societe centrale forestiere de 
Belgique, Brussels, 1910. His account of the history, organization and ac- 
complishments of the department, in which the Bureau of Entomology 
occupies a prominent place, concludes: "Such is a very fragmentary 
view of the department whose activities are very popular in the United 
States. Not only that great country can pride itself on the fruitful 
work of the bureaus, but also the entire world owes it recognition for 
the great value of the scientific and economic works which it pub- 
lishes, for these works contain information useful to all those concern- 
ed with the enrichment of national agricultural productions. Such 
labor satisfies the two principal conditions which science ought to 
fulfil; to understand the secrets of nature pure science, and to be- 
come master of them applied science." 


[Apropos of Dr. Wellman's recent article in the NEWS for January 
1911, on a new species of Hornia, the following from Ent. Monthly 
Mag., XLVII, pp. 16, 17, London (Jan. 1911) is of interest.] My 
friend, Manuel Martinez de la Escalera, during a visit to Horsell last 
week, showed me two living examples of a remarkable Sitarid he had 
just bred from pupae found in the cells of an Anthophora in walls at 
Mogador, Morocco. This insect has recently been described by him as 
a new genus and species under the name Allendesalasaria nymphoides 
(Boletin Soc. Espan. Hist. Nat., 1910, pp. 379-382), but he was ap- 
parently unaware of the fact that there were two extremely closely 
allied known American forms. One of these latter, Hornia minutipen- 
nis, Riley, from Missouri, has simple tarsal claws, the other, Leonia 
rileyi, Duges, from Mexico, has the tarsal claws armed with a very 
long tooth, and both insects also attack Anthophora. Allendesalazaria 
has the tarsal claws formed as in Hornia, and there can be little doubt 
that these two genera must be very closely related.* 
The American insects have been very fully described and figured, and 
their habits noted in detail by Rileyt and DugesJ respectively. Duges 
placed them under a separate section (Horniidcs) of the Meloidae, 
mainly on account of their minute elytra, and this arrangement was 
adopted by me when dealing with the Mexican forms (Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Coleopt, iv, 2, p. 370). The two genera, however, are very nearly 
related to Sitaris, which also attacks Anthophora. The American and 
Moroccan insects are recorded as having been found upon walls in the 
vicinity of the nests of these mason-bees, after the manner of our own 
Sitaris muralis. According to M. Escalera, the female of A. nymphoides 
does not leave the gallery of the bee. It would be interesting to com- 
pare Hornia minutipennis with the Moroccan A. nymphoides, but un- 
fortunately this is not possible. I saw a co-type of Leonia in Paris 
many years ago, in the collection of A. Salle. Hornia is known to me 
from description alone. G. C. CHAMPION, Horsell, Woking: December, 

*Since this note has been in type M. Escalera writes me as follows : 
Allendesalazaria is valid, and may be separated from Hornia by the fol- 
lowing characters : 

Scutellum cordiform; wings one-fifth shorter than the elytra; anten 
nse short (in the 9- a little longer than the head, in the $ as long as 
the head and thorax together), the third joint longer than the others 

Hornia, Riley. 

Scutellum transverse; wings wanting; antennas longer (in the 9 
reaching the posterior border of the prothorax, in the $ extending 
considerably beyond it), the third joint not longer than the others 

Allcndcsalazaria, Esc. 

t Trans. Acad. St. Louis, iii, p. 564, t. 5, figs. 13, a d (1877). 

$ Insect Life, i, no. 7, pp. 211-213, figs. 47, b / (1889). 


LORD AVEBURY (Sir John Lubbock) has been elected a corresponding 
member of the Paris Academy of Sciences, in the section of anatomy 
and zoology. 

15, 1009, I found two larvae of Tabanus, under the bark of a soggy 
log lying in the water of a swamp, the surface of the log being an inch 
or two above the water. One died before I reached home, the other 
was put into a bottle with some wet dirt and rotten wood, and from 
this a male of Tabanus trimaculatus was bred on May 18 of same year. 
The larva that died and which was presumably the same species was 
preserved in alcohol. It measures 37 mm. in length and is white with- 
out markings. 

Late in March of the same year while looking under stones in a 
small, clear woodland stream, I found another Tabanus larva under 
a stone, which was quite lively, and seemed thoroughly at home in the 
clear water. This I kept in a bottle with some wet leaves and practically 
forgot it. However, on May 18 it had transformed to a pupa, and 
thirteen days later, on May 31 a male of Tabanus melanocerus emerged 
from the pupa. The larva was approximately the same size as the 
trimaculatus larvae, and was like them, white without darker bands. 

I have" also on several occasions bred a third species of Tabanus, 
namely T. fronto. ' The larvae of this species occur in the soil of my 
garden, which is rather dry and right on the crest between two water 
sheds, the nearest permanent water being at least a quarter of a mile 
away. These larvae are white with pale brown transverse bands, and 
transform into pupae in June or July, and into flies some two or three 
weeks later. The earliest date on which an adult has emerged is 
July 4 which is also the earliest date on which I have seen the species 
in the field. Two larvae which I have in alcohol are yellower than 
the trimaculatus larva mentioned above, but show no trace of the 
pale brown bands which exist in life. The largest of these two meas- 
ures 36 mm. long and was taken July 5, while the smaller one is 33 
mm., taken on March 31. Both, as also the preserved triinaculatus? 
larva, are well, but not abnormally, extended. The only pupa which 
I have found of this species was under a stone in my back yard. 

Although horseflies do not generally breed away from water, T. 
fronto seems to be an exception, as larvae have been taken in my 
garden in several different years, while the adults occur more com- 
monly in my garden and in my house than any other species of the 
family, the flies quite frequently entering the house, while newly 
emerged specimens have been noted on a number of occasions. I sent 
detailed notes on this species to Prof. J. S. Hine some years ago, but 
do not think he has published anything on the subject as yet. C. S. 
BRIMLEY, Raleigh, N. C. 


ORTHOPLEURA DAMICORNIS.. During July, 1909, at Craighead Station. 
I chopped a Buprestid larvae (Chrysobothrid?) from a dying limb of 
a pecan tree (Hicorea pecan Britt.) The larva was placed in its bur- 
row and kept caged until it shriveled up and died. A few days later 
a small parasite emerged measuring about 6 or 7 mm. in length and 
subsequently grew in size to about 10 or 12 mm. It was observed as 
pupated on April 25, 1910, emerging an adult Ortlwplcura damicornis 
May 19, 1910. This insect was kindly determined for me by Mr. A. B. 
Wolcott of Field Museum, Chicago. F. C. CRAIGHEAD, State College 

Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

1 Proceedings, Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 
2 Transactions, American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. 
4 The Canadian Entomologist. 7 U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture, Bureau of Entomology. 9 The Entomologist, London. 11 
Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London. 22 Zoologi- 
scher Anzeiger, Leipzig. 35 Annalen, Societe Entomologique de 
Belgique. .46 Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, The Hague. 47 
The Zoologist, London. 50 Proceedings, U. S. National Museum. 
54 Journal, Royal Horticultural S'ociety, London. 67 Entomo- 
logiske Tidskrift, Stockholm. 89 Zoologische Jahrbucher, Jena. 
92 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie, Berlin. 143 
Ohio Naturalist, Columbus. 148 New York Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station, Geneva. 166 Internationale Entomologische Zeit- 
schrift, Guben. 181 Guide to Nature, Sound Beach, Conn. 186 
Journal of Economic Biology, London. 187 Jahrbucher des Nas- 
sauischen Vereins fur Naturkunde, Wiesbaden. 193 Entomologi- 
sche Blatter, Nurnberg. 216 Entomologische Zeitschrift, Stutt- 
gart. 238 Anales, Sociedad Cientifica Argentina, Buenos Aires. 
285 Natur-Study Review, Urbana, Illinois. 305 Deutsche Ento- 


mologische National-Bibliothek, Berlin. 306 Journal, College of 
Agriculture, Imperial University of Tokyo. 307 Annales, Societe 
Linneene de Lyon (n. ser.). 308 Bollettino, Societa di Naturalist! 
in Napoli. 309 Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der 
preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens, Bonn. 310 L'Echange, 
Revue Linneene, Moulins. 311 La Science au XXe S'iecle, Paris. 
312 -American Journal of Pharmacy. 313 Bulletin of Entomolog- 
ical Research, London. 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Anon. Cinematographic du vol des In- 
sectes, 311, ix, No. 97, 3 pp. Reinick, W. R. Insects destructive 
to books, 312, 1910, 551-562. Swinton, A. H. The vocal and instru- 
mental music of insects, 47, xv, 14-24. Tragardh, I. Om Berlese's 
apparat for snabb och effektiv insamling of sma leddjur, 67, xxxi, 
35-38. Tucker, E. S. Random notes on entomological field work, 
4, xliii, 22-32. Xambeu, C. Moeurs et metamorphoses des insectes. 
16 Memoire, 3d fasc., 307, Ivii, 67-116. 

APTERA AND NEUROPTERA. Bagnall, R. S. Notes on 
some Thysanoptera, 35, liv, 461-464. Sasaki, C. On the life history 
of Trioza camphorae n. sp. of camphor tree and its injuries, 306, 
ii, 277-286. Van der Weele, H. W. Collections Zoologiques du 
Baron E. de Selys Longchamps. Catalogue systematique et de- 
scriptif. Megaloptera, Fasc. v, pt. 1, 93 pp. 

ORTHOPTERA. Anon. A Locustid injurious to man, 313, 
i, 227. Rehn & Hebard. Records of Georgia and Florida Orthop- 
tera, with the descriptions of one new sp. and one new subsp., 1, 
1910, 585-589 (*). Preliminary studies of No. Carolina Orthoptera, 
1, 1910, 615-650. 

HEMIPTERA. Crosby, C. R. Notes on the life-history of two 
species of Capsidae, 4, xliii, 17-20. Osborn, H. Remarks on the 
genus Scaphoideus with a revised key and descriptions of new 
American species, 143, xi, 249-260 (*). A n. sp. of Tinobregmus, 
143, xi, 261 (*). Pierantoni, U. L'origine di alcuni organi d'Icerya 
purchasi e la simbiosi ereditaria, 308, xxii, 147-150. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Busck, A. On the gall-making moths on 
S'olidago and Aster, with description of two n. sp., 4, xliii, 4-6 (*). 
Chagnon, G. Lepidoptera taken at St. Fabien, Que., 4, xliii, 1-3. 
Coolidge, K. R. On the genus Master. G. & S., 4, xliii, 6-8. Cour- 
voiser, Dr. Entdeckungsreisen und kritische Spaziergange ins 
Gebiet der Lycaeniden, 216, xxiv, .VJ-60, 70-71, 77-79, 81-82, 88-89, 
92-94, 99-101, 106-108, 112, 125-127, 131-132, 135-137, 141-142, 147- 
149, 156, 167-170, 175-177, 181-182, 185, 192, 196-214, 234-236. Elt- 
ringham, H. African mimetic butterflies. Oxford at the Claren- 
don Press, 1910, ]36 pp. Fountaine, M. E. An autumn morning 
in the Alleghany Mountains, 9, xliv, 14-15. Frohawk, F. W. The 


number of larval stages of Lycaena acis, 9, xliv, 13-14. Grossen- 
bacher, J. G. Medullary spots: a contribution to the life history 
of some Cambium miners, 148, Tech. Bui. No. 15; 49-65 pp. Haver- 
horst, P. Over de Staartspitsen onzer Heterocera-poppers, 46. 
liii, 283-304. Isemann, S. Massenflug einer brasilianischen Cos- 
side, 216, xxiv, 231-232. Jacobson, E. Anlaszlich der "Beobach- 
tungen ueber den Polymorphismus von Papilio memnon, 46, liii, 
234-277. Joseph, E. G. On the Lepidoptera Rhopalocera collected 
by W. J. Burchell in Brazil, 1825-30, 11, vi, 9-18. Lindemans, J. 
Een merkwaardig Cethosia Wijfje van Yule-Island (Eng. Nieuw- 
Guinea), 46, liii, 280-281. Rangnow, H. Lebensweise und Zucht 
einer neuen palaearktischen Noctuide (Polia philippsi), 166, iv. 
231-233. Schaus, W. New species of Heterocera from Costa Rica, 
11, vi, 33-84 (*). Scheele, M. Instinkt oder Gedachtnis? 166, iv, 
216-217. Sheldon, W. G. Notes on the life-history of Pararge 
hiera, with description of the full-grown larva, 9, xliv, 1-4. Thierry- 
Mieg, P. Descriptions de lepidopteres nouveaux, 35, liv, 465-469. 
Tragardh, I. Larktradsmalen (Coleophora laricella), 67, xxxi, 
258-264. Clercks minerarmal (Lyonetia clerckella), 67, xxxi, 266- 
271. Walsingham, Lord. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Lepidop- 
tera, Heterocera, iv, 41-48 (*). Weymer, G. Die Grossschmetter- 
linge der Erde. Fauna Americana, 22 Lief, vi, 177-192. Pierella, 
Antirrhaea, Taygetis. 

DIPTERA. Anon. Catching "Flies" by tons a lost industry, 
181, iii, 374-375. A campaign against flies in a town of 6,000, 285. 
vi, 10-14. Mosquito larvae and their natural enemies, 313, i, 213- 
218. Aldrich, J. M. A decision on Meigen's 1800 paper, 4, xliii, 
34-35. Boyce, R. The prevalence, distribution and significance 
of Stegomyia fasciata in West Africa, 313, i, 233-263. Carpenter, 
G. H. Notes on the warble-fly of the reindeer (Oedemagena ta- 
randi), 186, v, 149-156. Cresson, E. T., Jr. Studies in No. Am. 
Dipterology. Pipunculidae, 2, xxxvi, 267-329 (*). Davey, J. B. 
Notes on the habits of Glossina fusca, 313, i, 143-146. Enock, F. 
Two insects affecting wheat and barley crops, 54, xxxvi, 323-330. 
King, H. H. Some observations on the bionomics of Tabanus par, 
and T. taeniola, 313, i, 99-104. Some observations on the bionomics 
of Tabanus ditaeniatus and T. kingi, 313, 1, 265-274. Rothschild, 
N. C. A synopsis of the fleas found on Mus norwegicus decu- 
manus, Mus rattus alexandrinus and Mus musculus, 313, i, 89-98. 
Sharpe, A. Notes on the habits of Glossina morsitans in Nyasa- 
land and the adjoining territories, 313, i, 173-175. Thienemann. A. 
Das Sammeln von Puppenhauten der Chironomiden. Noch ein- 
mal eine Bitte urn Mitarbeit, 22, xxxvii, 62-63. Weber, E. I. 
Ueber regeneratahnliche Flugelmissbildung einer Stubenfliege 


(Musca domestica), 22, xxxvii, 1-7. Wesche, W. On the larval 
and pupal stages of West African Culicidae, 313, i, 7-54. 

COLEOPTERA. Arrow, G. J. Notes on the Lamellicorn bee- 
tles of the genus Golofa with descriptions of three new species, 11, 
vii, 136-141 (*). Bernhauer, M. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Sta- 
phyliniden-Fauna von Zentralamerika, 44, Ix, 350-393 (*). Bow- 
ditch, F. C. Notes on Diabrotica and descriptions of n. sp. (con- 
tinued), 4, xliii, 9-16. Brethes, J. Coleopteros Argentines y Boli- 
vianos, 238, Ixix, 205-227. Champion, G. C. Some new Curculi- 
oninae from Central and South America, 11, vi, 94-98 (*). Biologia 
Centrali-Americana. Rhynchophora: Curculionidae (continued), 
Vol. IV, pt. 7, 151-221 (*). Dalla Torre, K. W. Coleopterorum 
catalogus. Pars 25: Cebrionidae, 18 pp. Deibel, J. Beitrage zur 
Kenntnis von Donacia und Macroplea unter besonderer Beruck- 
sichtigung der Atmung, 89, xxxi, 107-160. Hopkins, A. D. Con- 
tributions toward a monograph of the bark-weevils of the genus 
Pissodes, 1, Tech. Ser. No. 20, 1-68 pp. (*). Kleine, R. Biologi- 
sche Beobachtungen an Pyrochroa coccinea, 193, vii, 13-16. deLa- 
pouge, G. V. Tableaux de determination des formes du genre 
"Carabus," 310, 1910, 4-5, 11-12. Pic, M. S'ur divers Cantharides 
(Telephorides) de 1'Amerique meridionale, 310, 1910, 3-4. Coleop- 
terorum catalogus. Pars 26: Scraptiidae, Pedilidae, 27 pp. Tolg, 
F. Billaea pectinata (Sirostoma latum) als Parasit von Cetoniden 
und Cerambyciden-Larven. Metamorphose und aussere Morpho- 
logic der Larve (Schluss), 92, vi, 426-430. 

HYMENOPTERA. Adlerz, G. Stekellarver som ytterparasiter 
pa fritt kringstrofvande spindlar, 67, xxxi, 97-100. Cockerel!, T. 
D. A. Some bees from Western Canada, 4, xliii, 33-34 (*). Craw- 
ford, J. C. New So. Am. parasitic Hymenoptera, 50, xxxix, 235- 
239. Emery, C. Einiges ueber die Ernahrung der Ameisenlarven 
und die Entwicklung des temporaren Parasitismus bei Formica, 
305, ii, 4-6. Hoppner, H. Beitrage zur Biologic niederrheinischer 
Rubuswohner, 309, Ixvi, 265-275. Roman, A. Notizen zur Schlupf- 
wespensammlung des schwedischen Reichsmuseums, 67, xxxi, 109- 
196 (n. gen.). Schulz, W. A. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Le- 
bensweise, Systematik und geographischen Verbreitung der Tri- 
gonaloiden, 67, xxxi, 103-108. Strand, E. Ueber einige amerikani- 
sche Hymenopteren des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Wiesba- 
den, 187, Ixiii, 9-18. Tragardh, I. Roda tallstekeln (Lophyrus ser- 
tifer), 67, xxxi, 272-279. Tullgren, A. Vaxtsteklar, som angripa 
vara frukttrad, 67, xxxi, 286-295. Viereck, H. L. New sp. of reared 
ichneumon-flies, 50, xxxix, 401-408 (*). Wasmann, E. Gibt es 
erbliche Instinktmodifikationen ini Vcrhalten der Ameisen gegen- 
uber ihren Gasten? 22, xxxvii, 7-18. 


Doings of Societies. 


A meeting was held December 22nd, 1910. Dr. Philip P. 
Calvert, President in the chair. Ten persons present. The 
reports of the Treasurer, Curator and Librarian were read. 
This being the annual business meeting, the following officers 
for 1911 were duly elected: 

President, Philip P. Calvert ; Vice-President, Henry W. 
Wenzel ; Treasurer, E. T. Cresson ; Recording Secretary, Henry 
Skinner; Corresponding Secretary, E. T. Cresson, Jr. ; Curator, 
Henry Skinner ; Librarian, E. T. Cresson, Jr. ; Publication 
Committee, E. T. Cresson, C. F. Seiss and B. H. Smith; Ex- 
ecutive Committee, Philip Laurent, H. W. Wenzel and D. M. 
Castle; Finance Committee, ]. W. McAllister, C. S. Welles 
and D. M. Castle. 

HENRY SKINNER, Secretary. 


A meeting was held December 22nd, 1910. Ten persons 
present. In the absence of the Director and Vice-Director, Dr. 
D. M. Castle presided. The annual reports of the officers were 
read. Mr. E. T. Cresson, Chairman of the Publication Com- 
mittee, stated that on October 2/th last he had received the 
resignation of Dr. Henry Skinner as Editor of ENTOMOLOGICAL 
NEWS and that it had been accepted with regret. Dr. Philip 
P. Calvert was elected Editor, E. T. Cresson, Jr., Associate 
Editor, Erich Daecke was elected a member of the Advisory 
Committee and Dr. Henry Skinner Editor Emeritus. 

Dr. P. P. Calvert exhibited a larva and an adult of the 
Odonate genus Cora from Costa Rica, interesting as possess- 
ing tracheal gills along the ventral side of abdominal segments 
2-7 of the larva. It is the first American species known to pos- 
sess such gills, although Hagen in 1880 described larvae of the 
Oriental genera Euphaea and Aniso pleura which have gills 


similarly situated. Such gills are probably modified abdominal 
legs. The existence of such gills is held to indicate the descent 
of Odonata and Ephemerida from animals with abdominal 

The following were elected to serve as officers for the en- 
suing year : 

Director, Philip Laurent ; Vice-Director, H. W. Wenzel ; 
Treasurer, E. T. Cresson ; Recorder, Henry Skinner, Secre- 
tary, E. T. Cresson, Jr. ; Conservator, Henry Skinner ; Publ. 
Committee, E. T. Cresson and E. T. Cresson, Jr. 



The annual meeting at 55 Stuyvesant Ave., January 12, 1911, 
was attended by 22 members and four visitors. The officers, 
with the exception of the Librarian, were re-elected : President, 
Dr. John B. Smith, Vice-President, Geo. P. Engelhardt : Treas- 
urer, Chris. E. Olsen ; Recording Secretary, R. P. Dow ; Cor- 
responding Secretary, A. C. Weeks; Curator, Geo. Franck; 
Librarian, Silas C. Wheat ; Delegate to the New York Aca- 
demy of Sciences, John B. Smith. 

A dinner is to be held some time during February by the 
Brooklyn, New York and Newark Entomological Societies. 

Mr. William Wasmuth described the eggs of the genus 
Catocala, of which he has bred nearly all the local species. The 
eggs of elonympha and nnbilis differ radically from the others, 
supporting the contention that these species belong to different 
genera. A number of species hibernate as pupae. 

R. P. Dow, Recording Secretary. 


Meeting of September u, 1910; thirteen members and two 
visitors, Messrs. Matausch, of Newark, N. J., and Bird, of 
Rye, N. Y., present. 

Mr. Bird read a paper on "New York City's fifty-mile 


faunal zone as relating to the Noctuid genus Papaipema." 
He dwelt chiefly upon the habits of the various species, and re- 
lated his experience in discovering their life histories. To 
date he has worked out the life histories of all the known 
species in the area treated with the exception of two. The pa- 
per was illustrated by a box of specimens showing the seven 
new species he has discovered within the confines of New 
York City, together with their larvae, pupae and parasites, and 
samples of their work in the plants into which they respectively 

Mr. Buchholz reported the capture, at Lakehurst, of Cato- 
cala similis June 24 and July 10, Hyperaeschra georgica, May 
30, and A crony eta tritona, May 30, July 10 and Sept. 3. He 
remarked that the latter was apparently triple brooded. Cato- 
cala similis larvae were not rare on a species of scrub oak, all 
the larvae collected producing very dark specimens of the 

Meeting of October 9, 1910; nineteen members and two 
visitors, Messrs. Beutenmuller and Matausch, present. 

Mr. Beutenmuller exhibited a small box of Catocalae on 
which he commented as follows : 

C. Judith he had previously made a synonym of C. orba of 
Russia on the strength of Strecker's excellent figure of the up- 
per side, the two, as he pointed out, being identical above. Up- 
on the receipt of a specimen of the former species, however, 
he discovered them to be very different beneath and on struc- 
tural characters proved to belong to different sections of the 
genus, orba falling in with the ultronia group while Judith as- 
sociates with the members of the robinsonii group. From Tex- 
as he received a dark form of C. fair which he said may be 
passing current as C. arnica. C. beutcnmullcri B. & McD., re- 
cently described, is the male of C. zvarneri Poling. 

Mr. Buchholz said that the specimen of Catocala jair taken 
by him at Lakehurst and reported at the April meeting of the 
Society, was an example of the dark varietal form shown by 
Mr. Beutenmiiller. 


Mr. Kearfott spoke at some length on the methods employed 
in capturing, rearing and preparing Micro-lepidoptera and of 
the magnitude of the field for the ardent worker. As an il- 
lustration of what might be done anywhere he said that in New 
Jersey, the insect fauna of which is better known than that of 
any other State, over 50 per cent, of the species recorded during 
the past ten years were new to the State, and that eventually 
the present number of species known from that region about 
1500 will be increased to 3000. 

Micro-lepidoptera in general are very easily bred. The 
larvae are simply collected and placed in small screw-top vials 
in which the food keeps fresh from ten days to two weeks. In 
that period of time most micro-lepidoptera, if not too small 
when collected, will have reached the pupal stage. Occasional- 
ly mould sets in ; but this is unusual, and when it occurs the 
screw-top should be removed and a bit of cheese cloth sub- 

All breeding notes may be put on 8xio cards and filed away, 
the name of the species being added when obtained. 

Very interesting in their life history are certain species of 
Micropterygidae which were discovered mining in the leaves 
of oak, birch and chestnut. The larvae cause blotches on the 
leaves as large as a silver dollar. They become full grown 
in about ten days when they drop to the ground and remain 
as larvae until the following April when the pupal condition is 
assumed. Beyond this stage the species were not reared, the 
group determination being made by the pupae which show the 
peculiar long folded maxillary palpi. 

Equally interesting are the species of Nymphula which have 
been bred by Dr. W. T. M. Forbes. The larval life is spent 
beneath the surface of the water and tracheal gills are develop- 
ed, though functionless spiracles are present as well. 

All Micro-lepidoptera are test captured as adults in the 
evening just after sundown. Mr. Kearfott has taken between 
200 and 300 specimens representing dozens of species in a space 
fifty feet square at this time of day. 


The condition of the white birch forests of Vermont, 
Massachusetts, and to some extent, Maine, is serious as a re- 
sult of the attacks of a species of Bucculatrix which causes 
them to appear as if swept by fire. The minute larvae between 
one-fourth and three-eighths inch in length are at first leaf 
miners, but later come outside to feed. Three to six larvae 
were on each leaf and every leaf on each tree was infested. 
By estimate there were about 100,000 examples to a tree. 
Betula lenta was also sparsely attacked but only where there 
was a dearth of white birches. 

Mr. Brehme reported the occurrence of Catopsila eubule at 
Beach Haven, Ocean Co., on Sept. 27 and the capture of a 
perfectly fresh example of Argynnis idalia at Fairton, N. J. 
on Sept. 16. 

Meeting- in Turn Hall, on November 13, 1910; fourteen 
members present. 

Mr. Buchholz showed two boxes of Catocala gracilis and 
similis which were taken by himself and Mr. Keller at Lake- 
hurst. He also reported Glca trcmula, G. viatica and G. seri- 
cea from the same locality on Sept. 25, and Caripeta angus- 
tiorata on May 30. He took a specimen of Papaipeina duavata 
Bird, at Elizabeth, and P. stenocelis Dyar, a species recently 
described from Virginia, at Lakehurst. 

Mr. Brehme made a few remarks on the Periodical Cicada 
which is due to appear in New Jersey in 1911. He said the 
towers which are usually constructed by the pupae in moist 
situations were extremely abundant in Cape May Co. at the 
present time (Nov. 13, 1910). Millions of them from one to 
three inches high were erected in moist and in absolutely dry 
places. An attempt was made to secure some of the pupae 
by digging into the ground, but apparently they had retreated 
to a considerable depth as none could be found even two and 
a half feet below the surface. 

Mr. Lemmer said he took a specimen of Acronycta cliza- 
bcti at Irvington, N. J. 

Mr. Grossbeck exhibited a specimen of the rare Sphin.v 
franckii from Johnson City, Tennessee. 


Meeting- in Turn Hall, December u, 1910; ten members 
and one visitor, Mr. Matausch, present. 

Mr. Brehme exhibited a box of Hemileuca, showing in small 
series all but three of the North American species. 

Mr. Matausch spoke concerning the Membracidae and 
showed many enlarged water color sketches of both nymphs 
and adults. He outlined his experience in breeding Ceresa 
taurina and Campylenchia curvata. Moulting always takes 
place, so far as his observations went, in the early morning 
hours and the full coloration of the individuals in attained in 
about two hours after moulting. The fact that he has re- 
peatedly found skins of young nymphs on the same twig as 
the fully grown individual indicates that the entire nymphal 
life is passed on one stem. 

Ants frequently attend membracids and particularly the 
young nymphs. He has observed three species attending Van- 
dnzia arcuata and stated that some species of membracids are 
preferred to others. A few species apparently have no ant at- 
tendants at all. Among the species that were bred from nymphs 
by Mr. Matausch were Ceresa paltneri which occurs on sweet 
gum, Carynota mera which feeds on black oak and a species of 
Cyrtolobus which developed on oak. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year were as follows : 
President, Otto Buchholz; V ice-President, F. Lemmer ; Sec- 
retary, H. H. Brehme ; Financial Secretary, T. D. Mayfield ; 
Treasurer, Geo. J. Keller; Librarian, Wm. H. Broadwell. 

JOHN A. GROSSBECK, Secretary. 

Meeting at the Newark Turn Hall, Sunday, January 8, 1911, 
seventeen members present, President Buchholz in the chair. 

Mr. Grossbeck was appointed a Committee of one to repre- 
sent the Newark Society in arranging for a supper and meeting 
of Entomologists with the New York and Brooklyn Societies. 
.Mr. Kearfott's invitation to have the Society meet and look 
over his collection of Micro-lepidoptera on February 12th was 

Mr. Buchholz exhibited a very interesting series of Pseudo- 


hazis eglanterina, nuttalli, shastaensis and denudata which 
brought forth a lengthy discussion between Messrs. Angelman 
Franck and Prof. Smith, about the geographical range and 
variations of these species. 

Mr. Franck stated that he has received a large number of 
Hyperchiria incarnata from the northern border of Mexico, 
which comes so close to H. pamina that he thinks it is only a 
dark form of pamina and that pamina is a geographical form 
of incarnata. 

Prof. Smith gave a very interesting talk on Entomology in 
Europe. He spoke on what he learned on his recent trip to 
Germany, Holland and Belgium where he went for the in- 
terest of the American Nurserymen to protect them from fur- 
ther importation of destructive insects, and to find out under 
what conditions Asolla grows. Prof. Smith said that all nur- 
sery stock that is shipped into Germany is closely inspected and 
the least trace of scale or other insects is sufficient to condemn 
the entire shipment, and the man to whom it is addressed is 
notified and his choice is given to send it to some other State 
or have it destroyed. On the other hand no attention is given to 
stock which leaves Germany, no matter how bad the same may 
be infested, and therefore a constant watch has to be kept on 
nursery stock imported from European countries into the 
United States to prevent further importation of destructive in- 

The Azolla, which was to be introduced into New Jersey to 
plant out in pools, ponds, etc., to prevent mosquitoes breeding, 
will be of no use in New Jersey, as it will not grow on salt 
marshes and cannot survive our cold winters. 

About five hundred specimens were donated by members for 

the new cabinets. 

HERMAN H. BREHME, Secretary. 

Erratum: Line 20 from top of page 55 (February NEWS) 
should read: stomach (PI. II, figs. 17, 19, Ipgt). The rectum 
has four tracheae, two 



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Plate IV. 







APRIL, 1911. 

No. 4. 


Needham Descriptions of Dragonfly 
Nymphs of the Subfamily Calop- 
teryginae i Odpnata I 145 

Allard The Stridulations of some 
Eastern and Southern Crfckets 
(Orth.K 154 

Caudell Some Remarks on Kirby's 
Synonvmic Catalogue of Orthop- 
tera, Vol. Ill, with additional notes 
on Vols. I and II 158 

Quayle The Male of the Black Scale 

(Saissetia oleae Bern. I (Hemip.K . . 167 
Rowley The " Crop " of Lepidopters 

of 1910 170 

Editorial 1 77 

Notes and News 178 

Entomological Literature 183 

Doings of Societies 187 

Obituary James William Tutt 191 

Descriptions of Dragonfly Nymphs of the Subfamily 
Calopteryginae (Odonata). 

BY JAMES G. NEEDHAM, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

(Plates IV, V.) 

The basis of our present knowledge of the immature stages 
of this group of dragonflies was laid by Dr. Hagen in a paper 
but a few pages in length, published in 1880,* under the title 
"Essai d'nn Synopsis des Larvcs des Caloptcrygines." Nymphs 
of Calopteryx had been described earlier, and in that genus 
and in Hetacrina fuller descriptions have appeared since ; but 
with the exception of a few undetermined forms described 
by Karsch in 1893 f and a few figures of nymphal labia pub- 
lished by Miss Hortense Butler in 1904, t that little paper has 
until quite recently represented all our knowledge of the sys- 
tematic relations of the immature stages of the group. Yet 
that paper was merely synoptic, without other descriptions 
than mere diagnostic statements of group characters, and it 
was not illustrated. 

*In C. R. Soc. Ent. Belg., Vol. 23, pp. Ixv-lxvii. Abstracted by Mc- 
Lachlan, in Ent. M. Mag., Vol. 17, p. 90; also in Zool. Anz., Vol. 3, pp. 


t Berl. Ent. Zeit., Vol. 38, pp. 47-48. 
J Trans. Amer. Ent Soc., Vol. 30, pp. 127-128, pi. V, figs. 1-6. 



During 1907 I had the privilege (due to the courtesy of 
Mr. Samuel Henshaw) of studying Hagen's specimens in the 
Museum of Comparative Zoology. Of two of the species 
of the Synopsis, (the Euphaca splcndcns of Ceylon and the 
fragment doubtfully referred to the genus Cora} I could find 
no trace. The others I found and studied, and also two addi- 
tional members of the group here treated, not noticed by 
Hagen in that paper, and perhaps of later acquisition by him. 
By the study of the venation of the developing nymphal wings 
I was able to make closer determination of some of the forms, 
confirming his determination of Ncurobasis, but finding his 
Anisoplcura comes to be in fact a species of Bayadera, and 
his Euphaca disparf to be probably Anisoplcura comes. The 
new descriptions and figures of these forms made at that time 
were laid aside because other matters were more pressing. 
Recently Mr. Tillyard's rearing of the nymph of the Austra- 
lian Diphlebia lestoidcs, * and Dr. Calvert's still more recent 
and most welcome discovery of the nymph of Cora f have re- 
vived my interest in the matter, and have led me to offer 
these notes and figures for publication in the NEWS. 

The greatest interest has attached to the nymphs of the 
"Legion Euphaea" of de Selys, doubtless because of their pos- 
session of paired lateral filamentous tracheal gills on most of 
the abdominal segments (a character appearing in somewhat 
altered form in Cora}. On this account one of Hagen's types 
was figured in Packard's Text-book of Entomology (p. 469). 
The figure is small and inadequate for specific determination ; 
but since it shows no spines on the frons it perhaps represents 
the "Euphaea splendens" of the "Synopsis," which Hagen says 
was verified by Nietner, and which I was unable to find re- 
posing in the collection at the time my studies were made. 
Tillyard has shown that Diphlebia lacks external paired lateral 
gills ; and I am here describing another member of the "Le- 
gion" that lacks them, from Jamaica. The wing venation is 
not well enough preserved to render determination very cer- 

*Proc. Linn. Soc., N. S. Wales, Vol. 34, pp. 370-383, pi. 33, 1909. 
t Entom. News, Vol. 22, pp. 49-64, 1911. 


tain, and no Calopterygine other than Hetaerina is at present 
known from Jamaica. The characters of the caudate gills and 
of the mandibles are sufficiently interesting, even though the 
nymphs are not fully determinable. 

Herewith I describe briefly and illustrate nymphs, I judge 
to belong to the following species: Neurobasis chinensis 
Linn ; Calopteryx angnstipenms Sel. ; Anisopleura comes 
Hagen ; Bayadera indica Sel. ; Unknown nymph from Jamaica. 

Neurobasis chinensis (supposition). (Plate IV, figs. 1-4.) Hagen, 
C. R. Soc. Ent, Belg., Vol. 23, p. Ixv, 1880. 

Several well grown nymphs in which the venation of the 
adult could be in part recognized in the wings enabling me to 
verify generically, at least, Dr. Hagen's supposition. No. 302, 
M. C. Z., "Billespur, Himalaya, India, Carleton, 1872." 

Length, 30; lateral gills, 13 additional; median gill only 9 mm.; 
abdomen, 20 ; mind femur, 7 mm. ; width of head, 3 mm. ; of abdomen, 
2.2 mm. 

Body very elongate, slender and smooth. Head depressed, longer 
than wide, narrowed both ways from the laterally prominent eyes, and 
without dorsal tubercles. Antennae very long, the basal segment being 
about twice as long as the head is wide, fusiform, and pubescent, espe- 
cially upon the inner side, the second segment about one-eighth as long 
as the first, and the remainder comprised in an unjointed slender 
and tapering nagellum, that is somewhat longer than the second joint. 
Labium slender, the hings reaching posteriorly to the mesothorax, 
basal half of the mentum with parallel sides, suddenly widening just 
beyond the middle to the bases of the lateral lobes, and then regularly 
narrowing to the greatly produced tip, the anterior half being occupied 
by a deep and wide oval median cleft, that is closed in front by the 
close apposition and partial adherence of the slender lobes that bound 
it ; these lobes show a slight constriction near the tip, and there is a pair 
of spinules on the inner margins of the cleft at two-thirds its length. 
The median cleft descends through somewhat more than half the 
length of the mentum. The lateral lobes are very slender, almost 
linear, with doubly and finely serrate inner margin, ending in a slender 
and nearly straight hook, above which are two similar but larger hooks 
on end, and above these three that togethei terminate the lateral lobe 
is the usual movable hook on the external margin, with three minute 
spinules just before its base above. 


Legs not remarkably long, but slender. Wing cases reaching the 
fourth abdominal segment. Abdomen long, cylindric. Gills long, 
straight, slowly tapering and then suddenly enlarged just before the 
tips, after which they are abruptly narrowed to the end, the lateral 
ones triquetral, the median flat, with a carina each side, ar"1 one-third 
shorter than the laterals. 

Calopteryx angustipennis (supposition). (Plate IV, figs. 5-8.; 

A single immature female specimen, M. C. Z., No. 307, 
"Green River, near Mammoth Cave, Ky., 4-11-74, Putnam." 

Length 20 mm., lateral gills 12 mm. additional, the median gill 9 
mm., abdomen 13 mm., antenna 8 mm., of which the basal segment 
measures 5 mm., hind femur 8 mm., width of head 3 mm., of abdomen 
2 mm. 

Body very long and slender. Head about as long as wide, depressed 
and very flat above, with a prominent, angulately elevated and an- 
teriorly directed tubercle behind each eye. Eyes small and situated 
at the midlateral margin of the head, and laterally prominent. An- 
tennae very long, the basal segment densely pubescent and longer than 
the head is wide, the second segment one fourth as long as the first 
and the third to the seventh successively shorter and more slender. 
Labium very long and slender, the hinge reaching posteriorly to the 
metathorax ; mentum with sides parallel in basal half, deeply and widely 
cleft in the greatly widened apical half into two slender lobes ; these 
lobes are apposed at apex making an oval inclosure of the cleft ; a pair 
of spinules, one each side, arise from the inner edges of the cleft at 
three-fourths its length. The lateral lobes are slender, with nearly 
parallel sides, the inner margin slightly convex and finely and doubly 
serrate, ending in a short arcuate end hook, that is separated by a deep 
cleft from two other larger similarly shaped hooks upon the end ; above 
these hooks there is on the external margin the usual movable hook, 
which is larger and stouter and regularly arcuate; there is a pair of 
spinules on the lateral margin just before the base of the movable 

Legs very long and slender, each femur with a flattened prominence 
at the end upon its anterior face, that rests against the side of the 
tihia at its base, and is doubtless for leverage in these long legs. 
Wing cases reaching the middle of the 3d abdominal segment (young). 

Abdomen cylindric, or very slightly tapering posteriorly, the lateral 
margins becoming prominent and spinulose on the 8th and Qth seg- 
ments. Gills long, widest near the apex and suddenly tapering to the 
tips, spinulose margined, all slightly decurved, the middle one more 


decidedly so, and becoming oblique at apex ; lateral gills triquetral, the 
median, flatter and with a longitudinal carina upon either face. 

General color yellowish green ; some narrow longitudinal streaks 
and minute spots in pairs on the top of the head, and a broad black 
band extends from the base of the antenna to the thorax, including 
the eye. There are indications of paler transverse bands upon the 
gills and of subapical rings on the femora. 

This species differs markedly from those hitherto known* 
in the form of the middle caudal gill-lamella, its greater brev- 
ity and apical widening and obliquity being very noticeable. 

Anisopleura comes Hagen (supposition). (Plate V, figs. 1-3.) 

Hagen, C. R., Soc. Ent. Belg., Vol. 23, p. Ixvi, 1880, "Euphaea 

Carleton, M. C. Z., No. 301, India. 

Length 21 mm., gills 9 mm. additional, abdomen n mm., hind fe- 
mur 5 mm., width of head 5 mm., of abdomen 4 mm, 

Body rather stout. Coloration lost, owing to action of alcohol. 
Antennae rather stout, 7-jointed, the relative lengths of the segments 
being as i :i :i.3 :i :.8 :.6 :.5. Mandibles conspicuously biramous, the 
outer branch about as large as the inner projecting forward at the 
sides of the mouth outside as in generalized members of the Ephe- 
merinae. Labium very similar to that of Bayadcra shown in fig. 6 of 
plate V. Its lateral lobe differing slightly in the proportions of the 
end hooks, fig. 3. 

Legs stout, thinly fringed with hairs along the superior longitudinal 
carinae. Wing-cases reaching the middle of the 5th abdominal seg- 
ment. Abdomen slowly tapering posteriorly, bearing simple paired 
filamentous gills at the sides of the 2nd to the 8th segments. Caudal 
gills (middle one wanting) inflated at base with a ciliate superior 
carina, tapering to a long slender tail-like apex nearly as long as the 
swollen basal part and clothed with long soft hairs. 

The only clue to the identity of this nymph is found in the 
venation of the developing wings, which are, unfortunately, 
but poorly preserved. These things are evident. Ante- and 
post-nodals in the fore wing are 14 and 16 respectively, and 

*Dr. Fr. Ris has recently characterized the nymphs of the two 
commonest European species (Die Siisswasser-fauna Deutschlands, p. 
47, 1909) and I distinguished two of the commonest N. American forms 
in 1903 (Bull. 68 N. Y. State Museum, P. p. 222). This is the fifth species 
cf Calopteryx nymphs to be made known. 


the latter in the hind wing are of about the same number. 
There are five or six cross veins behind the stigma, with no 
brace vein, nor any apparent furcation of vein Ri at its inner 
end. Quadrangle and sub-quadrangle of the hind wing are 
without cross veins, and the wing ceases to be petiolate (i. e., 
the anal vein separates itself from the anal margin) at the 
third cross vein before the sub-quadrangle. 

Bayadera indica (Plate V, figs. 4-7.) Hagen, C. R., Soc. Ent. 
Belg., Vol. 23, p. Ixvi, 1880, "Anisopleura comes?" 

M. C. Z., No. 300, "India, Carleton." 

The nymph measures in length 22 mm., abdomen 12 mm., hind fe- 
mur 5.5 mm., width of head 5.5 mm., of abdomen 4 mm., gills 6 mm. 

Body rather stout, moderately depressed. Head widest across the 
eyes, the hind angles rather large, well rounded, scurfy hairy, and be- 
tween them there is a strong concavity of the hind margin. Antennae 
7-jointed : ratio of length of segments from base outwards is as i : 
1.5 :2.2 :i.s :i.2 :i :.J. Frons slightly convex, covered with prickly granu- 
lations, its front border, and likewise that of the labium somewhat 
denticulate. Mandibles obscurely biramous, the outer branch a broad 
lateral prominence armed externally with four prominent sharp and 
strong, anteriorly directed teeth. Labium short and broad, the hinge 
reaching posteriorly to the middle of the prothorax. Lateral borders 
of the mentum serrate in the middle, the median lobe well rounded, 
with a narrow, closed median cleft : no raptorial setae : lateral lobes 
short and narrow, with finely denticulate inner margin that ends in a 
truncate prominence scarcely forming an end hook, and above which 
are two sharp incurved hooks on the distal margin, the lower one the 
larger. Movable hook stout, arcuate. 

Prothorax almost as wide as the head, the lateral margins of its 
dorsal shield spinous. Legs short and thinly hairy. Tarsi 3,-3,-3- 
jointed, with a minute plantula between the claws. Wing cases ex- 
tend posteriorly to the apex of the 5th abdominal segment. 

Abdomen stout, with conspicuous lateral gills on segments 2-8, one 
pair on each segment, simple, filiform-conic, constricted at the base, 
each except the 8th longer than the width of its segment. Segment 
10 dorsally excavate behind. Caudal gills three, thick, inflated at base 
and scarcely triquetral, scantily pubescent, contracted at base, widest 
before the middle, and suddenly constricted, and tapering in their 
apical fourth to an acute point. 

An examination of fore and hind wing of one specimen re- 


vealed the venation poorly preserved in the basal part, but well 
enough preserved in the outer two-thirds to show the points 
of origin of sectors, the number of included cell rows, the 
points of doubling of the rows. I made careful comparison 
with the wings of adult Bayadcra indica from the same local- 
ity, and found such close likeness in every part as to leave 
scant doubt as to the species and none at all as to the genus. 
Ante- and post-nodals in the fore wing were 24 and 21 re- 
spectively and the cross veins behind the stigma were, in fore 
and hind wing, 5 and 6 respectively. 

In examining the costal region of the hind wing I noticed 
that the outer edge of it was thinly clothed with intermingled 
hairs and flat scales. 

At the middle of the inner face of the mandible in this spe- 
cies there is a tooth surrounded in part by thin membrane at 
its base and perhaps more or less movable, comparable to the 
articulated appendage to be described in the next species fol- 

Unknown nymph from Jamaica (PI. IV, figs. 8-12). 

A few immature nymphs from Wag-water River, Jamaica, 
Mar. 7 and 10, '77., M. C. Z., 329 and 322. 

Length 15 mm., abdomen 9 mm., gills 5 mm.; width of head 2.5 mm., 
of abdomen 2 mm. 

Body rather stout, somewhat depressed. Head squarish, the hind 
angles a little less prominent than are the eyes at the midlateral mar- 
gins. Hind margin concave between the obtuse hind angles. Top of 
head very flat. Frontal ridge, border of labrum and external lobe of 
the mandible finely denticulate. Antennae 7-jointed, the segments from 
base outward being as to length in the following ratio: I :3 :2 :i.5 :i.2 :i : 
.6. Labium as in Bayadcra. 

Thorax depressed. Legs short, stout, thinly hairy. Wing cases 
reaching (in these immature specimens) only to the middle of the 
third abdominal segment. 

Abdomen cylindric, or very slightly tapering, the first and tenth 
segments somewhat shorter than the intermediate segments. No 
lateral gills : caudal gills three, each cylindric or somewhat inflated in 
its basal three-fifths, scarcely triquetral, but with a thin marginal 
fringe of hairs, the apical two-fifths suddenly contracted and then 
tapering into a long hairy lash-like point. 


There is a trapezoidal dark mark across the dorsum of abdominal 
segments 2-8 or 2-9, narrowly divided on the median line : and there 
is a row of )-or (- marks, either side, concave externally. 

Mandibles short and thick, not biramous, but with a spinous tu- 
bercle standing in the place of the outer ramus, and with a bifid palp- 
like movable tooth upon the middle of the inner face. 

This nymph while agreeing in many respects with the two 
preceding, differs markedly in the absence of lateral abdominal 
gills and of mandibular tusk ; also in the sharpness of the con- 
struction of the middle of the caudal gills dividing them as if 
two-jointed and the greater length of the second antennal seg- 

There is no known Jamaican Calopterygine with which this 
nymph can be associated. The imperfectly preserved venation 
of one specimen shows that quadrangle and subquadrangle 
are without cross veins. There are about 15 post-nodals, and 
there is no brace vein to the stigma. Vein M2 arises a little 
beyond the nodus, and is closely parallel with the radial sec- 
tor throughout a rather undulate course. All the long diagonal 
areas traversing the disc of the wing are occupied by single 
cell rows, and there is a sudden considerable apical divergence 
between veins Rs and M3. In all these characters there is 
considerable resemblance to the Agrionine Ortholcstes, but I 
cannot believe that a nymph so unlike all known Lestinae in 
labium, in gills and in stature is referable to that genus. It 
accords so well with Bay ad era, Diphlebia, etc., that I prefer to 
believe there remains in Wagwater River, Jamaica, an undis- 
covered Calopterygine genus, with rather sparse venation. 

As in the Anisoptera so in the Zygoptera, it is the form of 
the labium that furnishes the most constant and reliable char- 
acters for distinguishing the major groups. The presence or 
absence of lateral gills is of small moment, and the form of 
the caudal gills is unpredictable. Plate IV of this paper rep- 
resents the group which in 1903* I recognized as a sub-family 
under the name Vestalinae ; plate V represents another, that I 

*A genealogic study of dragonfly wing venation. Proc. U. S. Nat. 
Mus., Vol. 26, p. 744. 


Plate Y 



named Epallaginae. Surely the characters contrasted upon 
these two plates are sufficient to justify the separation of these 
two groups. Clearly the Epallaginae are the more primitive. 
Their biramous* mandibles and their lateral abdominal gills 
ally them with the sub-family Ephemerinae of Mayflies, and 
their venation is vastly more primitive than that of the Vesta- 

Since the foregoing- was written I have examined a nymph 
of still another Calopterygine genus from India a single 
nymph from Simla Hills collected and sent me by Dr. N. 
Annandale. It is, unfortunately, a young nymph, perhaps 
about two-thirds grown (the wing tips reach only to the base of 
the third abdominal segment), with no venation showing, the 
specimen being near a moult, its wings crumpled within their 
sheaths. It is more elongate than Bayadcra or Anisopleura 
with slenderer legs, and would be larger when grown (length 
of head and body in the present specimen 18 mm., gills 6 mm. 
additional.) It may perhaps belong to Philoganga. The in- 
flated caudal gills are intermediate in character between those 
of Bayadcra and Anisopleura, being more pointed than the 
one and less so than the other and being without constriction 
at the base of the attenuate apical portion. The mandible is 
also intermediate in the character of the external ramus, which 
is not quite simple, but nearly so, with only minute serratures 
upon its outer side not a row of subequal teeth. The lateral 
abdominal gills are very similar in form, but they are decurved 
beneath the abdomen and scarcely visible from above. They 
occur, as in the others, on segments 2 to 8. 

*The mandible of Cora is not biramous in the sense in which I have 
used the word in this paper : the outer ramus of the forms here de- 
scribed is wanting. The more or less movable piece upon the inner 
face of the mandible, perhaps a little better developed as a movable 
part in Cora than in any of those I have seen, apparently has no coun- 
terpart in the Ephemerine mandible, although there is rather regularly 
a movable palp-like piece situated at the base of the outer ramus of 
the mandible on its inner side in Mayfly nymphs. 



Fig. i. The head and prothorax of Neurobasis chinensis?, from above. 

Fig. 2. End of labium of same, from within. 

Fig- 3- Lateral lobe of the same, from within. 

Fig. 4. End of abdomen, with caudal lamellae, from the side. 

Fig. 5. Head and prothorax of Calopteryx angustipennisf, from above. 

Fig. 6. End of labium of same, from within. 

Fig. 7. Lateral lobe of same, from within. 

Fig. 8. End of abdomen with caudal lamellae, from the side. 


Fig. i.. The nymph of Anisopleura comes?, middle gill wanting. The 
outer ramus of the mandible is exposed at the side of the 

Fig. 2. Lateral lobe of labium of the same. 

Fig. 3. Head and prothorax of Bayadera indicaf, from above. 

Fig. 4. Lateral caudal gill of the same. 

Fig. 5. Mandible of same: a, external ramus; b, internal ramus; c, 
articulate tooth of the inner face. 

Fig. 6. End of labium of same, from within. 

Fig. 7. Lateral lobe of same from within. 

Fig. 8. Head and thorax of nymph from Jamaica, from above. 

Fig. 9. Mandible of same, from above, a, b, c, as in fig. 5. 

Fig. 10. End of labium of same, from within. 

Fig. ii. Lateral lobe of same, from within. 

Fig. 12. An unknown nymph from Jamaica. 

The Stridulations of Some Eastern and Southern 

Crickets * (Orth.). 

BY H. A. ALLARD, U. S. Dept. Agric., Washington, D. C. 

In all parts of our country musical species of crickets are 
more or less common. Although the notes of locusts and 
katydids are strident lispings and raspings, the Stridulations 
of nearly all crickets are characterized by true musical tones. 
These insects have become adapted to a wide range of en- 

*The crickets mentioned in this paper have been identified through 
the kindness of Mr. A. N. Caudell of the U. S. National Museum, 
and all material collected has been added to the U. S. Museum collec- 
tions in his charge. 


vironmental conditions. The mole crickets (Gryllotalpa} 
dwell in subterranean burrows in wet soils. The numerous 
species of Nemobius and Gryllus are almost strictly terrestrial 
in their habits, preferring the grass and dry leaves of fields 
and pastures. In the low herbs and tangles of vines and 
shrubs dwell species of Ana.i'ipha, Phylloscirtus and Oecan- 
thus. In the foliage of the higher shrubs and trees may be 
found Orocharis, Cyrtoxipha and arboreal species of Oecan- 

The notes of all crickets may be classed as either intermit- 
tent or prolonged. The intermittent "singers" include all 
species which chirp or trill briefly, as Oceanthus niveus, 0. 
angustipennis, Cyrtoxipha columbiana and many others. The 
prolonged trillers are always recognized by their uninterrupt- 
ed trillings which may continue indefinitely without pause. 
Oecanthus latipcnnis, O. nigricornis, Phylloscirtus pulchellns, 
Anaxipha exigua and many others have the prolonged trilling 

The habits, range and stridulations of many of our crickets 
are almost entirely unknown. More careful collecting, es- 
pecially throughout the South, will probably add a number of 
new species to our fauna and, at the same time, greatly extend 
the range of many other little known species. Casual collect- 
ing in Northern Georgia by the writer has brought to light in 
this region a number of little known species of locusts and 
crickets. By his discovery of Cyrtoxipha columbiana and 
Orchelimum minor in Northern Georgia the known range of 
these insects has been extended six or seven hundred miles 
farther southward. Likewise, the writer's records of Nemo- 
bius ambitiosus in Northern Georgia extend the range of this 
interesting cricket about 250 miles northward into the upper 
piedmont belt. 

MwgryUus saussiirii, Scudd. The writer first met this crick- 
et at Thompson's Mills, Georgia, late in July 1910. It is a 
ground-dwelling species, and keeps itself well concealed be- 
neath the matted leaves and grass of gardens and orchards. 
It is very irregular in its distribution at Thompson's Mills and 


appears to be more or less solitary in its habits. The writer 
heard it most frequently in a peach orchard near the settle- 
ment and also beneath the soil and leaves in a garden. Its 
notes are very brief, high-pitched musical trills, tzeee-tzeee- 
tzeee with brief intermissions. One individual delivered from 
38 to 39 trills in a minute. This cricket may be heard in 
stridulation very early in the morning and more or less 
throughout the day and at night. It is rather difficult to locate 
and capture one of these crickets by its notes, for these are 
quickly silenced by one's approach. It is usually found beneath 
clods of earth, matted leaves, flat stones and boards. This 
cricket is very lively, and if uncovered leaps about vigorously. 
Its light brown coloration makes it very inconspicuous among 
the similarly colored leaves and soil. This species ,does not 
appear to be especially common at Thompson's Mills. It is 
first heard in midsummer. 

Nemobius ambitiosus, Scudd. The writer first captured this 
little cricket at Thompson's Mills, Ga., early in April, 1910, al- 
though he had heard its stridulations one or two years before in 
the same locality. This pretty Nemobius is the first species to 
appear at Thompson's Mills and dwells among leaves in decidu- 
ous woods. This cricket is especially common on a warm, 
heavily wooded slope bordering a small brook just east of the 
settlement. Its trill is very brief, high-pitched and shrill, 
tiiiiiiii-tiiiiii-tiiiiiiiii-tiiiiiiii. Late in July the writer also met 
with small colonies of this cricket in other localities around 
Thompson's Mills. It is one of the commonest species of 
Nemobius in this vicinity and begins to stridulate as soon as 
spring opens in March and April. In April 1910 very cold 
periods of weather with considerable sleet and snow complete- 
ly silenced these hardy crickets. Notwithstanding this in- 
clement weather these crickets were always in active stridula- 
tion as soon as the clays became warmer. Rehn and Hebard 
have said of this Nemobius in Southern Georgia : "The sound 
produced by the males is quite different from that of any 
other species, but it would be indeed impossible to describe the 
pitch which makes it so." 


The range of this Nemobius extends practically all over 
Florida, since Rehn and Hebard report it from Leon County, 
Orange County, Duval County, Volusia County, Hillsboro 
County, Bade County, and other points.* In Georgia it has 
been found by Hebard and Rehn at Thomasville, southern 
Georgia, and by the writer at Thompson's Mills, northern 
Georgia, which is the second record of Nemobius ainbitiosiis 
in this State. 

A very common Nemobius around Washington, D. C., in 
autumn is Nemobius janus Kirby. This Nemobius is usually 
found in the grass and leaves of damp soils by the roadside and 
in fields. In such situations, if flat rocks are present, numbers 
of the males and females find shelter beneath these. The note 
of Nemobius janus is a weak, low-pitched, prolonged trill, al- 
most indistinguishable from the trill of Nemobius palustris of 
New England, except possibly a little louder. Around Wash- 
ington this cricket continues to trill until December, if the 
weather is mild. 

Gryllus pennsylvanicus var. abbreriatus Serville, also oc- 
curs around Washington. Not infrequently it takes up its 
quarters in the house, announcing its presence by its stridula- 
tions, which are intermittent chirps, possibly louder than the 
chirp of Gryllus pennsylvanicus. 

Gryllodes sigillatus Walker. This cricket is exceedingly 
common at times in the greenhouses of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture at Washington, D. C. This cricket is distribut- 
ed throughout the tropical region of both the Eastern and 
Western Hemispheres, but has been rather widely introduced 
into colder regions where artificial tropical conditions are ap- 
proximated, as in many greenhouses. This cricket is a very 
persistent singer. Its stridnlations are rather shrill, brief 
chirps, so rapidly delivered as to produce an almost continuous 
trill. The notes, though louder, recall the notes of a Nemo- 

*See the following papers bv Rehn and Hebarcl. both in Proceedings 
of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. "The Orthontera 
of Thomas County, Georgia, and Leon County, Florida," Vol. LVI, 
1904. "Orthoptera of Northern Florida," Vol. LIX, 1907. 


Some Remarks on Kirby's Synonymic Catalogue of 

Orthoptera, Vol. Ill, with Additional 

Notes on Vols. I and II. 

BY A. N. CAUDELL, of the Bureau of Entom., U. S. Dept. 
Agric., Washington, D. C. 

Having reviewed the first two volumes of this excellent 
work, 1 I now wish to present some critical notes on the third 
volume. Most of the notes here made pertain to North Amer- 
ican forms. Some miscellaneous notes on volumes I and II, 
additional to my former review of those two volumes, are 

P. 4. Mr. Kirby has overelooked the fact that Phyllotetti.v 
Hancock is a synonym of Choriphyllum Serville. 2 That this 
is true, however, there can be no doubt and the species listed 
under Phyllotetti.v by Kirby should be catalogued under 
Zaphyllonotum Caudell while the genus Phyllotettix and its 
equivalent Phyllonotus Hancock should be listed in synonymy 
under Choriphyllum Serville. 

P. 48. Acrydium abbreviatus Morse is listed as a synonym 
of hancockl. It is really a variety well worthy of a name. The 
same is true of affinis Hancock and costatus Hancock, which 
are varieties respectively of crassum Morse and arenosuin 
Burmeister. As a matter of fact but few varieties are listed 
by Kirby other than as synonyms of the species of which they 
are really varieties. 

P. 50. Tehnatctti.v burri Hancock is here catalogued as 
a species of Hedotettiv but the describer of the species has 
shown it to be a synonym of ParatettLv scaber. 3 

P. 59 Here Mr. Kirby has entered a Tcttigidea gracilis 
Scudder. This seems to be an error as no such species appears 
to have ever been described, no name gracilis, either new or 
otherwise, appearing at the reference cited by Kirby. Thus 

Ent. Soc. Wash., vol. vii, p. 84-88 (1905) ; Can. Ent, vol. xl, 
p. 287-292 (1907). 

2 Caudell, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., vol. xi, p. 113 (1909). 

3 Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., p. 410 (1909). 


the name gracilis of Bruner is not shown to be preoccupied 
and the name e.vigua, which is proposed by Kirby, p. 58, to 
replace it, is unnecessary and falls into synonymy under the 
name it was proposed to replace. 

P. 87. Ta.riarchns septentrionalis was described by Bruner, 
not by Rehn as here listed. 

P. 104. The Tru.valis angusticornis of Stal is a synonym 
of Dichrpmorpha viridis. It is correctly listed on page 125. 

P. 105. Prof. Bruner's paper in Proc. IT. S. Nat. Museum. 
Vol. XXX, p. 613-694 was published June 5, 1906, not in Feb- 
ruary as quoted by Kirby. Thus Bruner's H. lamcllipes should 
be listed in synonymy under Hasinus Rehn, which was de- 
scribed in May of the same year, giving it precedence by a 
month over Bruner's species. 

P. 107. The species enslavae and valida of Rehn are refer- 
red to Syrbula without question by Rehn and Bruner. 

P. 108. The Pedioscirtetes pulchclla of Bruner has been 
referred to the genus Acrocara for the last twenty years. 

P. 109. Acrocara maculipennis is found in the United 
States, having been recorded from Arizona by Rehn and Snow. 
Specimens from that state are in the United States National 

P. no. The genus Gymnes of Scudder is a synonym of 
Bootettix Bruner as first suggested by Bruner 4 and later de- 
finitely established by Caudell. 5 

P. 112. Eupedetes is a synonym of Eritetti.r and Eupedctes 
carinatus Scudder is a synonym of Eritettiv variabilis Bruner." 

P. 115. The Stenobothrus subconspersa of Walker is very 
likely a synonym of Amblytropidia occidentalis Saussure. 

P. 118. Oeonomus Scudder is a synonym of Napaia Mc- 
Neill and Oeonomus altus is a synonym of Napaia gracilis 

P. 122. Kirby omits Orphidclla losamatensis Caudell, Proc. 

4 Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. 52 (1904). 

" Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., vol. xxxiv, p. 73 (1908). 

'Rehn, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., vol. lix, p. 331 (1907). 

1 Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. 90 (1904). 


Ent. Soc. Wash., Vol. XI, p. 113 (1909), a specific name pro- 
posed to replace the walkeri of Bruner, 1906 which was shown 
to be preoccupied by the O. zualkeri of the same author pro- 
posed in 1904. Mr. Kirby erroneously lists this later walkeri 
under the date of 1904 and quotes it, together with the walkcri 
of 1904, in synonymy under punctata DeGeer. The later de- 
scribed walkcri, that of 1906, has nothing to do with the one 
of 1904. It is a distinct species for which the name losani- 
atensis will have to be used. 

P. 125. Dichromorpha brunnca Scudder is a color variety 
of Dichromorpha viridis, not a distinct species as here listed. 

P. 127. Fencstra cannot be credited to Brunner as it was 
used by him in an invalid manner, having 1 no species connected 
with it. 8 The first writer to validate this genus by referring 
to it a valid species was Giglio-Tos 9 who referred to it the 
single new species bohlsii. which is therefore the type. The 
genus Dichroatetti.r of Bruner, based upon the single species 
viridifrons, is a synonym of Fencstra Giglio-Tos, its type 
being synonymous with that of Fencstra as pointed out by 
Rehn. 19 

Mr. Rehn was perfectly correct in replacing the genus 
Fencstra as used by Bruner in 1900 bv the new name Cocyto- 
tctti.v and this genus should be used for the species listed by 
Kirbv under Fencstra: these are pitlchripennis, intermedia, and 
argentina of Bruner and Hncaris of Rehn. 

P. T2&,.Cn!oradeIIa was established by Brunner in 189^ but 
was invalid, having no included species. The next use of the 
name was by Bruner 11 who questionablv referred to it the 
Stenobothriis brunnens of Thomas. This species, being a 
questionably included one, cannot become a geno type accord- 
ing to commonly accepted usages of nomenclature and thus 

8 Such genera are quite generally considered by entomologists as 
nomina ntida. This is certainly the only satisfactory way of treating 
such genera. 

"Zool. Jahrh., vol. viii, p. 807 (1895). 

10 Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., p. 31 (1906). 

11 Ann. Kept. Nebr. Board of Agric., 1896, p. 129 (1897). 


the genus is yet invalid. Now Mr. Kirby uses the genus and 
includes one species which he calls Coloradella brunnea Bruner, 
giving- as the original reference the place where Bruner ques- 
tionably referred Thomas' brunneus to the genus, apparently 
considering that Bruner misidentified Thomas' species. But 
misidentifications should not be perpetuated as distinct names 
and besides a misidentification on Bruner's part is not evident. 
Bruner never having described such a species there is no 
Coloradella brunnea Bruner and therefore the generic name 
Coloradella is still invalid. 

P. 129. Psoloessa buddiana, ferruginea and maculipennis 
are synonyms of P. texana" 

P. 130. Stirapleura mescalero Rehn belongs to the genus 
Psoloessa and as a synonym of texensis" 

P. 134. Scyllma calida Bruner has been recorded from 

P. 135. Ageneotettix arenosus Hancock is a synonym of 
A. scudderi." 

P. 135. The genus Aulocara is, by nearly all essential char- 
acters, Oedipodiian as shown by the writer some years ago." 
P. 159. Gomphocerus clepsydra and carpenteri are syno- 
nyms of davatus. 

P. 166. Staurorhectus glaudpes Rehn has been removed 
to the genus Amblyscapheus and A. lineatus Bruner falls into 
synonymy under this species, glaudpes being the older by a 

P. 172. The Stetheophyma doranii of Goading has long 
since been sunk in synonymy under Chortophaga viridifasdata 

"Rehn & Hebard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., p. 381 (1908); id, 
p. 144 (1909). 

"Rehn & Hebard, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., p. 145, foot-note 

"Rehn, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philad., p. 34, 71 (1907). 
Hart, Bull. 111. State Lab. Nat. Hist., vol. vii, p. 259 (1907). 
1 Caudell, Can. Ent, vol. xxxv, p. 302 (1903). 
Rehn, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., p. 167 (1907). 


18 , 


P. 188. Chorthippus coloradensis McNeill is a synonym of 
C. curtipennis Harris. 18 

P. 1 88. Stenobothrus occipitalis Thomas has long been 
referred to the genus Cordillacris (Alpha}. It is correctly 
entered on p. 116. 

P. 188. Stenobothrus olivaceus Morse has long been re- 
referred to the genus Cor dillacris (= Alpha}. It is correctly 
p. 119. 

P. 195. Records of Arphia fall ax from Florida are probably 
mistakes, the locality intended probably being Mexico. 

P. 196. Arphia teporata is a synonym of A. arcta. 

P. 198. Arphia hesperiphila Rehn is a Lactista and a syn- 
onym of Lactista gibbosa Saussure. 19 It is correctly entered 
on p. 236. 

P. 198. The Oedipoda differentiate here listed is only a 
reference under this name by Riley to the common Melanoplus 
differ entialis. 

P. 204. Hippiscus sierra Rehn belongs to the genus 
Xanthippus if that genus is to be used. In the writer's opin- 
ion the characters used for the differentiation of Sticthippus 
Cratypedes, Xanthippus and Pardolophora, while useful in 
separating species, are not of generic value. The retention of 
these groups as subgenera is not to be encouraged as the ten- 
dency is, at least in Orthoptera, to either suppress subgenera 
or raise them to generic rank. 

P. 205. The generic name Cratypedes was first put into 
print by Scudder 20 but was used in an invalid manner, having 
included only an undescribed species. The next writer to use 
the name was Thomas 21 who validated it by describing under it 
a new species, C. putnami. Thus the genus is creditable to 
Thomas but it is a synonym of Xanthippus Saussure and both 
of these genera, in the reviewer's opinion as stated above, 
should be sunk under Hippiscus Saussure. 

18 Bruner, Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. 92 (1904). 
"Bruner, Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. r68 (1905 ~). 
20 Bull. U. S. Geol. Surv. Terr., vol. ii, p. 267 (1876). 
*Proc. Davenp. Acad. Nat. Sci., vol. i, p. 257 (1876). 


P. 216. The type of Chloebora Saussure is given as species 
No. 6 while but four species are listed, a good illustration of 
this unsatisfactory method of type citation. Ch. grossa may 
be taken as the type of Chloebora. 

P. 234. The Oedipoda belfragii of Stal is best sunk defi- 
nitely in synonymy under Spharagemon aequale as has been 
done questionably for over a decade. Likewise the Dlssosteira 
texensis of Saussure is best disposed of definitely in synonymy 
under Spharagemon aequale as Morse did questionably in 
i895. 22 Bruner 23 quotes this species as a probable synonym of 
Spharagemon cristatitin, but the original diagnosis does not 
seem to justify this, the relationship being more clearly with 

P. 236. Mr. Kirby has here, species No. 3, confused two 
distinct species. The species described by Bruner in 1889 as 
Oedipoda ( ?) occidentalis is a species of Circotetti.r while the 
Scirtcttlca occidentalis of the same author described four years 
later is a quite different species and is a true Scirtcttica. 

P. 238. Lactista boscanus Rehn is a synonym of Tomonotus 
aztecus as shown by Bruner 24 and admitted by Rehn. 20 

P. 244. Dcrotmema lentiginosum Scudder belongs to the 
genus Trimerotropis and is a synonym of T. gracilis 

P. 249. Oedipoda kioiva Thomas belongs to the genus 
Trachyrhachys, not to Trcpidulpus as here listed. The same 
is true of Mestobrcgma pulchella Bruner. 

P. 251. Psinidia amplicornis Caudell is a true Psinidia. 

Conosoa melleola Scudder is a species of Trepidulns. 

Agonozoa McNeill, as shown by Rehn 27 is a synonym of 
T rimer otro pis s. s. Trimerotropis texana Bruner may be con- 
sidered as the type of Agonozoa. 

P. 255. Pseudotrimerotropis Rehn, of which Trimerotropis 

B Psyche, vol. vii, p. 293 (1895). 

23 Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. vii, p. 166 (1905). 

"Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. 169 (1905). 

M Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad., p. 149 (1909). 

28 Caudell, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., vol. xi, p. 113 (1909). 

"Rehn, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., vol. xxvii, p. 334 (1901). 


vinculata Scudder may be taken as type, is based upon char- 
acters which are not, in the reviewer's opinion, of generic im- 
portance and the genus should be sunk in synonymy under 

P. 263. Hadrotettix mundus Scudder belongs to the genus 
Trimerotropis. 23 

Hadrotettix gracilis Bruner was a nomen nudum until it 
was validated by Bruner in 1897. It is now referred to the 
genus Trimerotropis where it is preoccupied and is replaced by 
Trimerotropis bruneri McNeill, a name proposed for that pur- 

P. 278. The Oedipoda venusta of Stal has long been located 
in the genus Spharagcmon. It is a common Pacific coast spe- 

P. 341. Here is another example of the ill working of type 
citation by number, the type of Charilaus Stal being given as 
No. 4, while but three species are catalogued. C. carinatns 
Stal is the type species. 

P. 369. The use of the emended form Rhomalea instead 
of Romalea as originally spelled is not in accordance with the 
laws bearing upon such matters. 

P. 370. The Romalea gloveri here introduced is but a color 
variety of Romalea microptera. 

P. 370. The locality California under Litoscirtus insularis 
should be Lower California. 

P. 434. Ommatolampis brevipennis Thomas is a species of 
Hesperotetti.v. It is correctly entered on p. 499. 

P. 461. Acridium ambigua Thomas is a synonym of Schis- 
tocerca americana Drury. 

P. 462. Acridium frontalis Thomas is a synonym of Hes- 
perotetti.v speciosus Scudder. It is correctly entered on p. 500. 

[* The name Pseudotrimerotrofis was proposed to replace the re- 
stricted Trim erotro pis of McNeill, true Trimerotropis being equal to 
his Agonosoa. The author of the name has never considered it of more 
than subgeneric rank. (J. A. G. R.)] 

"Caudell, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., vol. xi, p. 112 (1909). 


P. 462. Acridium milberti Serville has long been placed in 
synonymy under Melanoplus femoratus Burmeister. 

P. 468. Sauracris hcusta is a misspelling for 5". lacerta. 

P. 493. The Pezotcttix humphreysii of Thomas is a species 
of Melanoplus. 

P. 500. The type of Aeoloplus Scudder is, by original 
designation, Caloptenus regalis Dodge,* not Caloptenus turn- 
bulli Thomas as here stated. 

P. 507. Scudder's Revision of the Melanopli in Proc. U. 
S. Nat. Mus., vol. xx, quoted by Kirby under the various 
genera of this group as 1898 was really published December 
28, 1897, as stated in the list of papers in the completed and 
bound volume of that publication. 

P. 507. The species bruneri Caudell here listed in the genus 
Ascmoplus is catalogued wrongly, its proper position being in 
the genus Aeoloplus. 

P. 542. Pezotettix flavoannulatum LaMunyon is a synonym 
of Dactylotum pictum Thomas. Dactylotum picturatum 
Bruner is to be used for the purpose for which it was erected, 
that is to replace the preoccupied pictum of Gerstaecker. 
Dactylotum longipenne Townsend is a Poecilotettix and a 
synonym of P. sanguineus Scudder and replaces that name, 
being the older and properly established. The synonymy of 
these species was first indicated by Bruner, 29 but he used Scud- 
der's name, wrongly considering longipennis as a MSS name. 

Additional notes on Vol. I. 

The genus Photina is duplicated, appearing on p. 257 and 
again on p. 273. The first reference should be eliminated. 

The types of Hestiasula Saussure, Harpagomantis Kirby 
and Menexenus Stal, like all the genera in this catalogue, are 
indicated by number and, as so often the case, the number 
quoted as that of the type species is greater than the number 
of species included. Error is evident. 

" Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. ii, p. 329 (1908). 

[* This should be Aeolopliis regalis Scudder, not Caloptenus regalis 
Dodge, which Bruner has shown to be a Melanoplus. The regalis of 
Scudder has been renamed bruneri by Caudell. (J. A. G. R.)] 


Additional notes on Vol. II. 

The genus Ephippigera of Serville seems properly establish- 
ed and should be used in place of Ephippigerida Buysson. 
Ephippigera was first proposed by Latreille in 1825 but lacked 
validity, having no species included in it. Serville validated 
the name in 1831 by including under it several valid species. 

Orocharis terebrans Saussure & Zehntner 30 was omitted 
from the catalogue. 

The genus Platy.ryphus of Walker is properly established, 
being the raising of Haan's species platy.vyphus to generic 
rank. The genus is valid, in spite of Walker's apparent hazi- 
ness regarding the matter, and the type is Gryllus platy.vyphus 
Haan. This genus antedates and replaces the genus Ptero- 
plistes of Brunner and the three species listed under that genus 
should be catalogued under Platyxyphus, and Pteroplistes 
sunk in synonymy under that genus. 

Pseudonemobius Saussure, p. 13 of Kirby, should be used 
in place of Paranemobius as this last name is an error and is 
corrected in the list of errors in the back of the work in which 
it is made. Besides the name Paranemobius is a nomen 
nudum, occurring only in a table of genera and without cita- 
tion of described species. Paranemobius was, however, giv- 
en standing by Bolivar in 1900 and thus preoccupies the Para- 
nemobius of Alfken described in 1901. Kirby has replaced 
Alfken's genus by Caconemobius. 

Gryllus lineaticeps Walker, 1869, is preoccupied by Gryllus 
lineaticeps Stal, 1858. Walker's type is apparently lost as it 
is not marked as present in the British Museum. A new name 
for it is needed if it is to remain in our lists as a valid species, 
but, owing to its doubtful status, I think it best to consider it 
eligible for listing only as an unrecognizable species. 

Pterolepis caucasica Fischer is listed on p. 180 under the 
genus Paradrymadusa and on p. 199 under the genus Pnoli- 
doptera. The former is the proper disposition. 

The genus Thliboscelus of Serville was established with a 
single included species, the Locusta camellifolia of Fabricius. 

80 Biol. Cent.-Amer., Orth., vol. i. p. 277 (1897) 


That species is therefore the type of the genus. That Serville 
misidentified Fabricius' species does not alter this fact ac- 
cording to sound nomenclatural reasoning. Thus Thliboscelns 
falls as a synonym of Ptcrophylla Kirby & Spence, both gen- 
era being based upon the same species. The Brazilian insect 
wrongly considered as the camellifoUa by Serville without a 
name as a mere identification is not to be perpetuated as a 
distinct species, though Kirby, p. 345, has followed Brunner, 
Monogr. Pseudoph., p. 148, in doing so in this case. I pro- 
pose the specific name brasiliensis for this insect and refer 
both it and the Cyrtophyllus crepitans of Redtenbacher to the 
genus Pterophylla, considering neither generically distinct 
from the other members of that genus. 

The Male of the Black Scale (Saissetia oleae Bern.) 


BY H. J. QUAYLE, Berkeley, Cal. 

While the black scale (Saissetia oleae Bern.) is very widely 
distributed over the world, little has been known and practi- 
cally nothing published about the male. It was first described 
by Dr. B. W. Griffith, of Los Angeles, in 1893. It was then 
said to be limited to a small area in the vicinity of Los An- 
geles, California. During the past year or two we have taken 
it at various places in the citrus belt from Santa Barbara to 
San Diego. It seemed to be especially abundant during the 
season of 1909. In places where it occurred that year, it 
was not nearly so abundant in the previous year or the year 
following. As many as ninety-seven puparia, from all of 
which males had emerged, have been seen on a single orange 
leaf. The males have been taken from the leaves of orange, 
oleander, pepper and olive. They emerged during the months 
of June, July, August, September, October, November, Decem- 
ber, January and possibly other months, though not yet observ- 

The Second Stage Male. Up to the time of the first moult 
there is no difference between the sexes. After the first moult 


the male becomes decidedly more elongate, resembling more 
nearly a partly grown soft brown scale. Its length is 1.5 mm. 
and width .64. It is of a light brown color with the eyes visi- 
ble in the latter part of the stage as small dark areas on the 
front margin. The anal plates together form a triangle with 
rounded corners, and from the tip of each of these there arises 
three or four small spines, and one large one on the central 
dorsal surface. 

The length of time spent in this stage is about four weeks. 
During this time it is feeding and grows to about five times 
the length of the just-hatched larva. At the end of the stage 
a puparium is formed which completely covers the insect, al- 
though it is transparent and not so readily discernible. 

The Male Puparium. This puparium is a glassy like covering that is 
formed from the secretion of numerous pores over the body surface 
of the insect. Its length is 1.5 mm. and width .5 mm. The surface is 
slightly roughened with a row of granular projections along the dorsal 
line. Two lines beginning at the anterior end converge upward for a 
short distance and then run more nearly parallel, with but a slight con- 
vergence toward the posterior end. Within this the surface is more 
convex, forming a ridge along the dorsal line. Not quite y\ of the 
distance from the anterior end and at a point where the lines begin to 
run parallel, is a cross line or carina. Another lateral carina crosses 
this dorsal strip, or coronet, at J4 the distance from the posterior end. 
Immediately posterior to this cross line are two spiracular channels 
extending to either margin. The other two spiracular channels, ex- 
tending from the coronet to either side, are just before the middle line. 
There is a triangular opening for the anal plates and a cleft from this 
to the posterior end. Along the margin is a series of circular areas 
from which secretions extend to the surface of the leaf thus holding 
the puparium in place. When a puparium was removed 3 or 4 weeks 
after the male had emerged, these connecting threads were still capable 
of being stretched considerably as was observed upon lifting the pu- 

These are found usually on the under side of the leaves of 
the orange, pepper, olive and oleander, chiefly, since these con- 
stitute the principal foot plants of the scale. When the in- 
sect is still beneath it can be detected through this transparent 
covering. If it has not yet transformed to the propupa it oc- 
cupies the entire space beneath extending well out to the mar- 


gins, but in the case of the later stages the insect beneath is 
somewhat narrower. These puparia may remain on the leaves 
for months after the scale has emerged. 

The second stage male is capable of moving up to the time 
the puparium is secreted, which is the preliminary step in the 
change to the propupa. But it is only rarely that any move- 
ment occurs in this stage and hence the males are nearly al- 
ways found on the leaves where the young first settle. 

The Propupa. Length 1.4 mm., greatest width .4 mm. Color light 
brown with red pigment scattered about particularly at posterior end ; 
head reddish ; eyes dark red or brown. Sheath of style short and blunt . 
on either side of the style are two more slender and pointed appendages, 
the cerci extending beyond the style. At the tip are a few short hairs 
or spines. The sheaths of the antennae and legs are scarcely visible on 
the dorsal surface, excepting a broadening, where these lie on the ven- 
tral margin. On the ventral side these are plainly visible and lie in 
close contact with the body. 

The length of the propupal period is from 5 to 8 days during the 
warmer weather. 

The Pupa. Length 1.2 mm., width .4 mm., general color, same as that 
of propupa excepting that there is a larger amount of pigment at the 
anterior end. The head is entirely red. A marked constriction forms 
the neck, making the head appear as arrow-shaped. Eyes black. The 
wing pads are conspicuous and extend to 3rd abdominal segment. The 
style has increased in length so that it is slightly longer than the cerci 
on either side. The antennae, legs and wing pads, while naturally ly- 
ing close to the body, are distinct and readily separated from it. 

Eight to twelve clays are spent in the true pupal stage when 
it changes to the adult. In all the moults after the second 
stage the skin is split at the anterior end and pushed back be- 
yond the puparium. 

The Adult Alale. The fully developed male remains from 
one to three days beneath the puparium before emerging. The 
adult stage can be determined without the removal of the pu- 
parium by the appearance of the long white caudal filaments 
which project out beyond the tip of the puparium. The life 
of the adult male is from one to four days. The following 
description of the male is copied from the notes of Prof. R. 
W. Doane, who worked with the writer during the summer of 


Length exclusive of style i mm.; style .4 mm.; caudal filament .8 mm.; 
antennae .5 mm. ; wing i mm. long, .5 mm. wide ; honey yellow ; head 
darker yellow; anterior pair of upper eyes dark red, posterior pair 
black, smaller ; ventral pair black equal in size to the upper anterior 
pair. Antennae whitish, lo-jointed, first joint short, thick cylindrical; 
second joint about equal to first but oval; third joint about as long as 
second but much more slender, slightly swollen toward the tip ; re- 
maining joints all slender, cylindrical, fourth as long as fifth and sixth 
together ; others sub-equal in length, collar long, cylindrical ; prothorax 
broad shield shaped ; mesothorax more strongly chitinized and wholly 
brown except a yellow shield-shaped area above, between the bases of 
the wings ; metathorax with a slight brownish tinge, legs brownish yel- 
low ; style yellow ; caudal filaments white, slender, tapering, twice as 
long as style ; wings hyaline with a yellowish tinge, with a microscopic 
close-set pubescence. 

The above description is given in detail because the original 
description given by Dr. Griffith is incomplete. The only fig- 
ures of the male that have appeared from original specimens 
are given by Marlatt in the U. S. D. A. year book for 1900. 
"In the figure of the adult there given the black bands are not 
properly placed. Both are too far forward, the first is not 
broad enough, the second too broad, and the yellowish spot be- 
tween the wings does not reach to the base of the wings."- 

When the males emerge the females that hatched at the same 
time have completed their second moult and the letter H is 
evident. Summarizing the length of the life cycle of the male 
it will be during the summer months as follows : First stage, 
\ l / 2 months; second stage, i month, propupa 8 days, pupa 10 
days, adult 3 days. Total, 96 days, or about 3 months. 

The "Crop" of Lepidopters of 19 10. 
BY R. R. ROWLEY, Louisiana, Missouri. 

The early part of the summer of 1910 was anything but en- 
couraging to the collector of lepidopterous insects, barring the 
greater silk moths. There were no butterflies on the wing and 
no larvae on the food plants. True, the first sunny days of 
spring had warmed the chrysalids of ajax and turnus and a 


few swallow tails were in the air and the papaws in full leaf 
but, alas, the frosts, sleets and snows of the latter half of April 
stripped the trees of their foliage and froze the larval life al- 
most to extinction. 

There was some compensation for these losses in the rather 
abundant appearance of cccropia, litna and polyphenins, but, 
all in all, the prospect was gloomy. Everything had to begin 
over again after April 25th ; the trees to releaf and the hardier 
larvae to struggle through a starvation period, but the fruit 
was gone. We measure everything by the crop of fruit out 
here. Common as aja.r usually is here all through the sum- 
mer and as plentiful its eggs and larvae, there was a dearth 
of its every life stage till August. The even more plentiful 
andria was scarce throughout the entire season. 

Not till July was there anything at the electric lights. Then 
the hawks began to come. The freeze that killed the earlier 
larval life also killed many of their enemies, for the later 
broods of caterpillars appeared in unusual numbers and fairly 
healthy, except the Sphinx larvae. 

In August and September larvae were to be found every- 
where. Luna and rcgalis on all their food plants, imperialis 
even more plentiful still, for all the shade trees yielded them 
and the sassafrases. Cecropia was not so much in evidence, 
but polyphenins was abundant. Then, too, in August and 
throughout September the great Papilios hovered over their 
food plants or settled in great bunches about the wet, sandy 
pool margins or the muddy roadside. From one small butter- 
nut tree, scarcely eight inches in diameter, thirteen larvae of 
C. rcgalis were taken, eight of them well grown, three on a 
small persimmon tree and others on sumach. 

It \vas on an east hillside in an old abandoned field where 
the three of us, Harold Davenport, Virgil Smith and the au- 
thor, spent a Saturday in September and came back laden with 
spoils. It was the 24th and a splendid day, and \ve had de- 
cided to make a picnic of it, but we forgot the lunch till it 
was time to quit the woods. The persimmon trees, the sassa- 


fras bushes and the sumach, the hickories and the buck bushes 
were too alluring. We filled all our cans, boxes and paper 
bags with larvae. The hickories gave us luna, juglandis and 
excaecatus ; the persimmons, regalis and lima, and the sassa- 
fras, imperial/is, troilus and crispata. The buck bushes were 
alive with the larvae of diffinis. 

The yield was four "hickory horned devils," four gigantic 
imperialis, eighteen lunae, two juglandis, one excaecatus, thirty 
troilus, fifty diffinis, five Lagoa crispata, and numbers of other 


Elated with our success we spent the next day in the woods, 
but our selection of locality was unfortunate and we did 
poorly. We still found the larvae of troilus, diffinis and luna 
abundant, but the larger caterpillars were nearly wanting. We 
took two imperialis and eight juglandis, but we wandered over 
much territory. We were not herpetologizing, but we killed 
two gigantic copperheads on the hillside and the next day an 
equally gigantic spreadhead. 

Throughout the days of late August we collected regalis 
larvae, and all through September, even to the loth of Octo- 
ber, we gathered up imperialis "worms." 

Of the hawk moths the most abundant were modesta, 
diffinis, excaecatus and geminatus. Hylacus was not so abund- 
ant as usual, pandorus and myron larvae badly parasitized. At 
light, drupiferarum, Carolina, cclcus, pandorus and one myops, 
a rare moth here. Out of twelve eggs and twenty larvae of 
Cressonia juglandis collected during the summer, three moths 
and three chrysalids were obtained. 

These larvae suffer terribly from the microgasters, and it is 
no wonder the species is so rare. Even in the absence of para- 
sites, the larvae of juglandis seem delicate, for the author col- 
lected a number of fertile ova and freshly hatched caterpil- 
lars in early August, and every "worm" of them died before 
the third moult. 

Of the few geminatus larvae picked up in September, all, 
save two, "broke out with parasitic cocoons" and the two later 
died, one even after pupation. 


One day while hunting regal larvae the writer, much to his 
great delight, found two caterpillars of Sphinx kalmiae feed- 
ing in a low ash bush. One of them was attempting to cast 
his skin in the last moult but he was too weak and died. The 
other was later riddled by microgaster larvae. 

A few larvae each of Daremma nndulosa and Ccratomia ani- 
yntor succumbed to their internal enemies. It seems such a 
shame that the great caterpillars of our most beautiful moths 
should suffer so from foes so insignificant. This law of bal- 
ance in nature probably means much to life in general and cer- 
tainly to the vegetable world, but it is hard to convince the 
collector of larvae that his losses are payments to nature of 
any apparent indebtedness. That the delight which one experi- 
ences on finding some treasure of a larva should be turned to 
bitter disappointment in the claiming of this same treasure by 
some parasitic enemy is not much calculated to win an ardent 
admirer of this same so-called eternal fitness of things. 

The author brought to pupation a fine colony of Sphinx 
eremitus larvae from eggs collected by Miss Lulu Berry, of 
Vinton, Iowa, feeding them through on common peppermint, 
although the eggs were found on the leaves of bugle v^ed. 
There was practically no loss in these larvae. 

From eggs furnished by the same collector and found on 
the leaves of Enchanter's nightshade, the writer fed the larvae 
of Amphion nessus on wild grape and secured seven pupae. 

A full grown larva of Smerinthus c.rcaccatus was picked up 
under a maple tree on November 3d, after a number of frosts 
and several severe freezes. It fed on the yellowed leaves of 
soft maple, poplar and apple till November 29th, when it 
ceased eating and died. Of course, it was kept in a jar in the 
house by a fire. 

The disappointment in the searches for Papilio larvae in the 
early part of summer was more than balanced by the abund- 
ant finds in August and September. 

Harold Davenport handled more than two hundred eggs 
and larvae of ajax and obtained a goodly number of chrysalids 


while Virgil Smith, Verner Pinkerton and the author collected 
a goodly number of cresphontes larvae. 

Larvae of turnus were found on hop tree, prickly ash, plum, 
apple and ash, but not plentifully. No searches were made for 
asterias though the imagoes were not rare. As usual, from 
the scarcity of its food plant, phllenor, even in the winged state 
was very scarce. 

While feeding three larvae of re galls in a roomy breeding 
cage and with an overabundance of fresh leaves, the smallest 
caterpillar mysteriously disappeared nor could any trace of it 
be found. The cage was close and no possible show of escape, 
so the only conclusion as to its fate Avas that the larger two 
worms devoured it. Repeatedly has the author lost Catocala 
larvae in the same mysterious manner and Mr. Davenport re- 
ported similar losses among well grown larvae of several 
genera and species. Why caterpillars with an abundance of 
food should resort to cannibalism is inconceivable, and yet 
there is no other way to explain the disappearance of some of 

our "worms." 

From over one hundred pupae of the first brood of Tripto- 
gon modesta (Rothschild and Jordan call this Pachysphinx 
modesta) quite seventy produced imagoes with crippled wings, 
although all chrysalids were on damp earth and strips of cloth 
hung down the sides of the cages. The freshly hatched 
imagoes all climbed up the cloth and yet with everything in 
their favor, they -failed to mature. Thinking the trouble was 
caused by keeping the pupae together in the cages, they were 
separated so that one would emerge in a can or jar per night 
and still there was little improvement in the quality of the 

It is true there was a slight increase in the number of per- 
fect moths after the separation of the chrysalids, but the trouble 
was not obviated. As a matter of fact there were a few more 
deformed females than males. Out of ten moths that emerged 
together, one night, there were but two perfect specimens. It 
is possible that this is another means that nature takes to check 


Out of two lots of eggs of the second brood of modesta 
(nearly two hundred eggs in all) but three chrysalids were se- 
cured, the larvae dying before the third moult. However, one 
lot of these eggs was from a female that mated with a male 
from the same parents. 

Of the first brood, mentioned above, about a fifth failed to 
give imagoes with the rest and are holding over till next spring. 
Three imagoes that appeared fully a month after the rest, were 
very pale in color, while the first moth that emerged had an 
unusually red hind wing, in fact the wing was red all over. 

From a half drowned female Smerinthus excaccatus found 
floating on a tub of water after an all night's rain, one hun- 
dred and five eggs were obtained and from the larvae fed on 
apple, about fifty chrysalids secured. The losses were largely 
when the larvae were small. This is one of the hatches of 
larvae where cannibalism was apparent. 

By far the most interesting larvae of the summer's work 
were the Sphinx eremitus "worms," so hardy and so grotesque 
with their dorsal hump and the black dorsal spot. 

It is often asked if Catocala moths ever come to light like 
most other moths. It is generally denied that they do and yet 
twice this summer in early July the writer saw a Catocala on 
an electric light pole in the full glare of the light but too high 
to be reached. It is almost certain that the species was ilia. 

Now that the summer is gone and the trees are stripped of 
their leaves, cocoon hunting is no mean sport but probably 
more interesting still is the search for Catocala eggs. A few 
boxes and a small chisel are the necessary paraphernalia and 
the loose outer bark and the cracks in the bark of hickory, wal- 
nut, white and bur oak, honey locust, willow, maple, plum and 
crab, are carefully searched for the small ova. 

In our searches for cocoons on the shade maples we had to 
use long fishing poles with end hooks, and the fall on the peb- 
bles of some of the polyphemi proved disastrous. Little or 
no trouble was experienced in collecting the prometheae as 
most of them were found dangling from the twigs of low 


sassafras and persimmon bushes. Frank Caldwell reported 
eight cocoons of promethea from one sassafras, while the au- 
thor took seven from a small bush. The remarkable likeness 
among the cocoons of promethea, cynthia and the gigantic atlas 
is rather surprising inasmuch as all three belong to different 
genera. The caterpillar of each of these moths spins an elon- 
gate cocoon inside a single leaf securely fastened to the twig or 
compound leaf stalk by silk and left to dangle in the breeze. 

One polyphenws cocoon was found on a sassafras bush and 
one on willow, but the latter just under a small birch tree which 
yielded another. The author in the course of three or four 
hours collected ninety-nine promethea cocoons from sassafras 
bushes along a small stream valley that had its 'source in a cul- 
tivated field. Down where the stream flowed through a pas- 
ture not one cocoon was found, although there was an abund- 
ance of the food plants. Near towns cocoons of this moth are 
always rare here in Missouri, and the author has the first one 
yet to find in the city limits of Louisiana, although he has of- 
ten searched for them on persimmon trees. Still, a number of 
years ago, he found them not uncommon on the shade per- 
simmons inside the city limits of Fort Smith, Arkansas. 

This year cecropia cocoons seem scarce and most of our 
finds have been on soft maple and willow, Lowell Pinkerton 
securing the greatest number. 

While most of our large moths are more or less general 
feeders in the caterpillar stage, we expect to find them more 
abundant on special plants, promethea on sassafras, cecropia 
on plum, polyphcmus on maple, luna on walnut, imperialis on 
maple and rcgalis on walnut, and yet all of these except poly- 
phemus and imperialis may be found on persimmon. The au- 
thor has even found the larva of cecropia feeding on fever 
wort, and once fed one through on walnut, securing therefrom 
the darkest moth he ever bred. The larva of io will feed on 
almost any leguminous plant, having been found on garden 
bean vines. It does well on Amorpha. 

T am again under obligations to Miss Margaret Haley for 
the careful typing of this article. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change in form and without covers, will be given free, when they are 
wanted; if more than twenty-five copies are desired, this should be stated 
on the MS. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. Proof will 
be sent to authors for correction only when specially requested. Ed. 



Circular No. 132 of the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Dept. 
of Agriculture, by Mr. C. L. Marlatt, Assistant Chief of the 
Bureau, dated February 13, 1911, calls attention to the Period- 
ical Cicada of the present year. Two important broods of 
this insect, misnamed "locust," will appear. "One of these 
belongs to the 17-year race and extends from New York south- 
ward into North Carolina, in general lying east of the Alle- 
gheny Mountains." Technically it is known as Brood II and, 
although occurring in part of the same territory, must not be 
confused with the great brood X-- of the years 1902 and 
1919. Brood II seems not to have appeared in any locality in 
sufficient abundance to receive a star (*) in Mr. Marlatt's 
records, f the device employed to indicate places (counties) 
where "the cicada occurred in one or more dense swarms." 
Observations made by Mr. H. H. Brehme, in Cape May County, 
New Jersey, in November, 1910, and published in the NEWS 
for March, 1911, page 142, hold out the possibility of such a 
dense swarm next summer. 

The other brood due in 1911 is XXIII "of the southern, or 
13-year race, and covers the lower half of the Mississippi Val- 

fSee especially Bulletin No. 71 of the Bureau, 1907. 


178 ENTOMOLOGICAL XE\VS [April, 'll 

ley. . . .this is one of the largest of the 13-year broods, divid- 
ing this honor with Brood XIX" of 1907 and 1920. 

On account of the overlapping of broods of the 1 7-year and 
13-year races in different parts of the country, some uncer- 
tainty exists as to whether certain records of previous years 
are properly credited to the two broods due this year. Mr. 
Marlatt therefore calls especially for observers in North and 
South Carolina, in northern Missouri, southern Illinois and 
Indiana to note particularly the occurrence or non-occurrence 
of this insect this year. Records and specimens should be 
forwarded to the Bureau at Washington or to competent local 
entomologists and then published. 

As to the protection of nurseries and young orchards from 
the cicadas, the most reliable means "is by collecting the in- 
sects in bags or umbrellas from the trees in early morning or 
late evening, when they are somewhat torpid. Such collec- 
tions should be undertaken at the first appearance of the cicada 
and repeated each day." It would seem possible to use poul- 
try to a large extent to destroy the insects on their emergence 
from the soil. 

Note. "1908" in line 13, page 4, of this Circular is an evident error 
for "1898." 

Notes and News. 


Messrs. R. E. Snodgrass (whose excellent monograph on the 
Anatomy of the Honey Bee appeared in Technical Series No. 18, of 
the Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, of last May) 
and B. N. Gates have resigned their positions with the Bureau. 

LISTRONOTUS BAGOIFORMIS Champ, in Utah. Amongst some Curculion- 
ide sent me some ago by Mr. H. F. Wickham I have found a specimen 
of this species from Provo, Utah. It was described and figured by me 
in the "Biologia" (Col. iv, 4, p. 120, pi. 8, fig. i), in December, 1002, 
and has perhaps not yet been recorded from north of the Mexican 
frontier. The types were found near the City of Mexico. The insect 
is closely related to L. lathtscnlus, Boh. G. C. CHAMPION, Horsell, 
Woking, England. January, 1911. 


THE WORK announced for the Lake Laboratory of the Ohio State 
University for the coming Summer includes a course in Entomology 
and the opportunity to carry on research work in problems upon insect 
life. The entomological work will be in charge of Professor Osborn, 
Invertebrate Zoology under Professor Brookover and Ecology under 
Professor Jennings, all including matter which is of distinct interest 
to entomologists. The session opens June 19, and additional informa- 
tion as to particular courses or the general announcement may be ob- 
tained upon application to the Director. HERBERT OSBORN, Ohio State 
University, Columbus, Ohio. 

A THREE-VOLUME FESTSCHRIFT to Professor Richard Hertwig, of the 
University of Munich, in commemoratiom of his sixtieth birthday (Sept. 
23, 1910) has appeared (Fischer, Jena). Of entomological interest 
among its contents are: Minchin, E. A. On some parasites observed 
in the rat flea (Ceratophyllus fasciatus}. Schtschelkanowzew, J. P. 
Der Bau der mannlichen Geschlechtsorgane von Chelifer und Chernes. 
Zur Kenntniss der Chelonethi im System. Sasaki, C. Life History of 
Schlechtendalia chinensis Jacob Bell (a gall-producing insect). 
Schwangart Ueber die Traubenwickler (Conchylis ambiguella Hiibn, 
und Polychrosis botmna Schiff) und ihre Bekampfung, mit Beriick- 
sichtigung natiirlicher Bekampfungsfaktoren. 

UNDER THE WILL of the late Baron Edmond de Selys Longchamps, 
his sons have been publishing a Catalogue Systematique et Descriptif 
des Collections Zoologiques du Baron Edm. de Selys Longchamps in 
quarto form with colored plates and half-tone text figures. The fol- 
lowing entomological parts have appeared : Fascicules VI. Trichop- 
tera, pts. i and 2, G. Ulmer (Hamburg) ; XVII Cordulines and XVIII- 
XX Aeschnines, R. Martin (Paris) ; V, ist part, Megaloptera and 
VIII Ascalaphidae, H. W. van der Weele (The Hague) ; IX-XI Li- 
bellulines, F. Ris (Rheinau). In manuscript ready for printing are 
Fascicules II Orthoptera, M. Burr (Eastry, Kent) ; III Psocidae, G. 
Enderlein (Stettin), and Termitidae, J. Desneaux (Brussels) ; XII- 
XVI Libellulines, F. Ris; XXIV-XXV Calopterygines, R. Martin. In 
preparation are Fascicules IV Ephemeridae and Perlidae, F. Klapalek 
(Prague) ; V, pts. 2 and 3 Mecoptera, Planipennia and VII Myrmeleon- 
idae, H. W. van der Weele; XXVI. pt. i, Agrionines, F. Forster (Bret- 
ten, Baden). Each group is treated monographically and its considera- 
tion is not limited, in most cases, to the material in the Selys collec- 

The elder son of Baron Edmond de Selys, Baron M. F. Raphael de 
Selys Longchamps, died at the family chateau of Longchamps at 
Waremme, Belgium, January n, 1911, in his seventieth year. 


VOLUME 22 of the Journal of Morphology (Wistar Institute of 
Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia), originally intended as a testi- 
monial by former students and colleagues to the founder of the 
Journal, Professor Charles Otis Whitman, will, in consequence of his 
untimely death, become a Memorial Volume to him. The following 
entomological papers are announced as to be among its contents : 
Moenkhaus, W. J. The influence of inbreeding and selection on the 
fertility and sex ratio in Drosophila. Montgomery, T. H. The 
spermatogenesis of the Hemipteron Euscliistus. Morgan, T. H. Fur- 
ther studies of ovogenesis and spermatogenesis in Phylloxerans and 
Aphids. Wheeler, W. M. The ant colony as an organism. Wilson, 
E. B. A review of the chromosomes of Nezara with some more 
general considerations. 

PROFESSOR J. M. ALDRICH, Moscow, Idaho, has received a grant from 
the Elizabeth Thompson Fund "to investigate the fauna of the waters 
and shores of western salt and alkaline lakes," and will spend a por- 
tion of next summer in a field trip, commencing his studies at Great 
Salt Lake and extending them westward at least as far as Mono Lake, 
Cal. The investigation will include all orders of insects as far as they 
exhibit adaptation to a salt or alkaline environment ; the problems of 
greatest interest, perhaps, are those pertaining to several partially-known 
species of Ephydra, the larvae of which breed in salt and alkaline lakes. 
Professor Aldrich plans to visit all the lakes from which material of 
this kind has been reported, four or five in number, and any other lakes 
of like character along his route. He will be glad to receive sug- 
gestions from any entomologists who have made observations on the 
subject in view, or who may wish to have attention given to any col- 
lateral entomological problem in the interesting field to be visited. 

Newark Entomological Society of Oct. Qth, 1910, as recorded in the 
Ent. News, March, 1911, p. 140, Mr. Beutenmuller is credited with the 
statement that Catocala beutenmiilleri B. & McD. is the male of C. 
zvarneri Poling. I presume the species Mr. Beutenmuller had in mind 
was C. werneri Bied. (Ent. News XX, 76, '09). At the time of de- 
scription both $ and 9 of C. beutenmiilleri were before the writer and 
also the unique type of C. werneri, which is contained in Coll. Barnes. 
While both belong to the veriUiana group, the two species are totally 
unlike in the appearance of the primaries; C. werneri is largely suffus- 
ed with dark brown blotches, whereas C. beutenmulleri in both sexes is 
a clear bluish gray, without traces of brown patches. Their distinctness 
is without question. J. McDuNNOUGH, Decatur, Illinois. 


furthering the work of the African Entomological Research Commit- 
tee, Mr. Andrew Carnegie has been good enough to place at its dis- 
posal a sum of 1,000 a year for three years to defray the cost of send- 
ing a few suitably qualified young men to the United States to study 
the practical applications of entomology which have received so much 
attention in that country. Three of these Carnegie Scholars, as they 
are to be called, have been selected, and two of them are already at 
work in the States. The fact that Dr. L. O. Howard, Chief of the 
Bureau of Entomology at Washington, is personally interesting him- 
self in the matter is a sufficient guarantee that all possible facilities 
will be given to the scholars, and it may be confidently expected that 
the scheme will be of great value to British administration in Africa 
and elsewhere by providing a body of well-trained entomologists 
available for employment in the services of the different Colonial 

It may be mentioned that the Research Committee was appointed in 
June, 1909, by Lord Crewe, the then Secretary of State for the Colonies, 
with the object of promoting the study of the insects which play so 
prominent a part in the spread of disease among men, animals, and 
plants in Africa; that Lord Cromer is its President; and that it includes 
some of the most eminent authorities on entomology and tropical 
medicine in this country. 

During the short period of the Committee's existence satisfactory 
progress has been made. The scheme has been energetically taken up 
by the African Colonies and Protectorates, and the large quantity of 
material already received at the Committee's Office in the Natural 
History Museum at South Kensington has very materially increased 
our knowledge of the insect pests of Africa. The collections of in- 
sects, after being properly identified and recorded, are being distributed 
to the Schools of Tropical Medicine, Universities, Museums, or other 
institutions where they are likely to be of value for the purpose of 
teaching or scientific study. Two skilled entomologists are being em- 
ployed under the direction of the Committee in East and West Africa 
respectively, for the purpose of interesting and instructing the local 
officials in the work, and also of carrying out special investigations. 

The Committee has issued quarterly a scientific journal, entitled the 
"Bulletin of Entomological Research," of which the first volume is 
just completed. It contains many important articles by well-known 
authorities, and is obtaining a wide circulation. Further particulars may 
be obtained from the Secretary of the Committee Mr. Guy Marshall, 
British Museum (Natural History) ; South Kensington, London. 
Colonial Office, 

23rd February, 1911. 


A NEW WORK ON GALLS. The E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuch- 
handlung (Nagele & Dr. Sproesser), of Stuttgart, announce the un- 
dertaking of a pretentious work on galls : Die Zoocecidien, durch 
Tiere erzeugte Pflanzengallen Deutschlands und ihre Bewohner, by 
Ew. H. Riibsaamen, with the collaboration of Messrs. Thomas, Nalepa, 
Kiister, von Schlechtendal, Dittrich, Borner, Griinberg, Mees, Schmiede- 
knecht, Kolbe, Ritzema-Bos and others. The chief value of the work- 
is to lie in 150 plates of large quarto size, for the most part in 13-15 
colors, by Werner & Winter, of Frankfurt-on-the-Main, from 
Riibsaamen's drawings. The text will amount to about 150 sheets 
(Bogen), and will include text-figures. The undertaking has the 
financial support of the German Imperial Ministry of the Interior. 
The first part is announced and the whole is to be finished in 1917. 

CORRECTIONS IN DIPTERA of the New Jersey List of Insects, 1909. 
I have noted the following minor corrections in the list of the order 
Diptera contained in Report on the Insects of New Jersey, 1909, by 
Dr. Jno. B. Smith. 

Page 740, third line from bottom of page, read Therioplectes for 

Page 745, genus Spogostylum, fourth species, read limatnlus for 

Page 752, genus Laphria, third species, read aeatus for "areatus." 
Page 753, figure 312, "Asilns missouriensis." This name is a synonym 
of Proctacanthus milberti and the figure, which is an old one, does not 
delineate either the habitus or generic characters of the genus Asilus 
as at present defined. Dr. Smith expresses the wish that the illustra- 
tion may be eliminated from the literature, to which we say, Amen ! 
Page 755, third genus read Campsicnemus for "Campicnemus." 
Page 755, seventh genus, read Nematoproctus for "Nematoprotus." 
Page 812, genus Agromyza, sixth species, "dimidiatus" Walk. I can 
find no record of any such American species of either Agromyza or 
the old genus Phytonomus in Walker's lists or any of the other dip- 
terological catalogs of more recent date. This species is evidently 
diminuta Walker which is known to mine the leaves of cabbage. 

In Bulletin No. 10, new series, Division of Entomology, U. S. Dept. 
of Agriculture, Mr. D. W. Coquillett records the larvae of this species 
mining the leaves of potato in Missouri, leaves of white clover in 
Washington, D. C., and leaves of cabbage in California. It was also 
bred from a stem of cabbage at Ames, Iowa, by Mr. H. Osborn. In 
Aldrichs' "List of Diptera" Agromyza diininuta is recorded as a 
synonym of A trifolii Burgess on the authority of Mr. Coquillett 
who now recognizes it as a valid species. W. R. WALTON, Bureau of 
Entomology, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.* ' 

* Published by permission of the Chief of the Bureau. 


iDntomologiCcil Liters 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

4 The Canadian Entomologist. 7 U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, Bureau of Entomology. 8 The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine, London. 11 Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
London. 22 Zoologischer Anzeiger, Leipzig. 35 Annales, 
Societe Entomologique de Belgique. 38 Wiener Entomologis- 
che Zeitung. 40 Societas Entomologica, Zurich. 45 Deutsche 
Entomologische Zeitschrift. 90 Revue Scientifique, Paris. 
92 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie. 99 Cor- 
nell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca. 104 
Mittheilungen, Naturhistorisches Museum in Hamburg. 159 
Bollettino, Laboratoria di zoologia generale e agararia della R. S. 
Superiore d' Agricoltura in Portici. 179 Journal of Economic 
Entomology. 189 Pomona Journal of Entomology, Claremont, 
Cala. 191 Natur, Munchen. 194 Genera Insectorum, Diriges 
par P. Wytsman, Bruxelles. 216 Entomologische Zeitschrift, 
Stuttgart. 251 Annales, Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Paris. 
305 Deutsche Entomologische National-Bibliothek, Berlin. 
314 Atti del R. Istituto d'Incoraggiamento di Napoli. 315 
Memoires, Academic Royale de Belgique, Classe des Sciences, 
2d ser., Brussels. 316 Canada Department of Mines, Geological 
Survey Branch, Ottawa. 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Fernald, Osborn, Bruner, etc. Present 
methods of teaching entomology, 179, iv, 63-90. Handlirsch, A. 
Canadian fossil insects, 5. Insects from the Tertiary lake deposits 
of the southern interior of Br. Columbia collected by Lawrence 
M. Lambe in 1906, 316, Mem. 12-P, 93-129 (*). Meissner, O- 
Kurze Bemerkungcn ueber cinige neuere naturwissenchaftliche 
Theorien, 40, xxv, 87-88. Pierantoni, U. Sulla utilizzazione dei 
ragni quali predatori d'insectti nocivi in agricoltura, 314, Ixi, 317- 
321. Plateau,, F. Recherches experimental stir les fleurs ento- 
mophiies peu visitees par les insectes, rendus attractives au moyen 
de liquidcs sucres odorants, 315, ii, fasc. 7, 55 pp. 


APTERA AND NEUROPTERA. A. L. L'Industrie des Ter- 
mites, 90, xlix, 150-151. Crawford, D. L. American Psyllidae III 
(Triozinae), 189, iii, 422-453 (*). Holmgren, N. Versuch einer 
Monographic der amerikanischen Eutermes-Arten, 104, xxvii, 171- 
325 (*). Ulmer, G. Einige sudamerikanische Trichopteren, 35, 
lv, 15-26. 

ORTHOPTERA. Shelford, R. Fam. Blattidae, Subfam Blat- 
tinae (= Periplanetinae), 194, 109 fasc., 27 pp. 

HEMIPTERA. Bergoth, E. On some controversial items 
concerning a few Hemiptera, 35, lv, 28-29. Butler, E. A. A con- 
tribution towards the life-history of Miris laevigatus, 8, xxii, 36-40. 
Crosby, C. R. The apple red bugs (Heterocordylus malinus and 
Lygidea mendax), 99, Bull. No. 291, 213-225. Davidson, W. M. 
Notes on some Aphididae taken in Placer County, Cal., 189, iii, 
398-399. Enslin, E. Gargara genistae und Formica cinerea, 92, 
vii, 19-21. Essig, E. O. Aphididae of So. California V, 189, iii, 
400-403. Notes on Coccidae VI, 189, iii, 404-411. Marlatt, C. L. 
The periodical cicada in 1911, 7, Circ. No. 132, 5 pp. Wilson, H. F. 
Two new genera and seven n. sp. of the family Aphididae, 4, 
xliii, 59-65 (*). 

LEPIDOPTERA. Bird,, H. New histories and species in 
Papaipema and Hydroecia, 4, xliii, 37-47 (*). Comstock, W. P. 
Thecla chrysalus, and its variety citima, 4, xliii, 65-66. Coolidge, 
K. R. Melitaea theona Menetries and its synonymy, 4, xliii, 50- 
52. Fischer,, E. Ei, Raupe und Puppe von Argynnis pandora, 40, 
xxv, 79-80. Gerwein, E. Kopula von Taeniocampa stabilis male 
and gothica female, 92, vii, 27. Ihering, H. V. Ueber sudbrasilia- 
nische Schadlinge der Feige, 305, ii, 20-21. Leigh, H. S. A biolog- 
ical inquiry into the nature of Melanism in Amphidasys betularia, 
216, xxiv, 240. Linstow, V. Der morphologische Geschlechts- 
dimorphismus der Schmetterlingsflugel und seine Bedeutung, 45, 
1910, 45-53. Meyrick, E. Heterocera (Pyrales) Fam. Orneodidae, 
194, 108 fasc., 4 pp. Schaus, W. New species of Heterocera from 
Costa Rica, V, 11, vii, 173-193 (*). Stichel, H. Rhopalocera, Fam. 
Riodinidae. Allgemeines-Subfam. Riodininae, Teil 1, 194, 112a 
fasc., 238 pp. Unzicker, Dr. Citheronia regalis und ihre Zucht, 
Ein Beitrag nach Studien in ihrer Heimat, 92, vii, 21-23. 

DIPTERA. Bezzi, M. Un nuovo genere di Asilidi 159, iv, 174- 
179 (*). Coquillett, W. B. A decision on Meigen's 1800 paper, 4, 
xliii, 66. Kieffer, J. J. Description de quelques Dipteres exotiques. 
(Sciara), 159, iv, 327-328 (*). Martelli, G. Alcune note intorno ai 
costumi ed ai danni della Mosca delle Arance (Ceratitis capitata), 
159, iv, 120-127. Notizie sulla Drosophila ampelophila, 159, iv, 
162-174. Rothschild, N. C. Liste des Siphonaptera du Museum 


d'Histoire Xaturelle de Paris, accompagnee des descriptions des 
especes nouvelles, 251, xii, ^Jj-xllG. Sanders, G. E. Xotes on the 
breeding of Tropidorpria conica, 4, xliii, 48-50. Summers, S. L. M. 
Entomological notes from the London School of tropical medi- 
cine. No. 1, Description of a n. sp. of Tabanidae from Br. Guiana, 
11, vii, 213-215. 

COLEOPTERA. Anon. Das Gehirn eines Kafers, 191, 1911, 
143. Blunck, H. Zur kenntnis der Xatur und Herkunft des 
"milchigen secrets" am Prothorax des Dytiscus marginalis, 22, 
xxxvii, 112-113. Bowditch, F. C. Xotes on Diabrotica and descrip- 
tions of n. sp. (cont), 4, xliii, 53-58. Essig, E. O. The natural 
enemies of the citrus mealy bug, III, 189, iii, 390-397. Hagedorn, 
M. Fam. Ipidae, 194, 111 fasc., 178 pp. Kissel, F. Bie Kissel'sche 
Russelkafer Falle, 92, vii, 23-25. Raffray, A. Coleopterorum cata- 
logus. Pars 27: Pselaphidae, 222 pp. Schmidt, A. Lamellicornia, 
Fam. Aphodiidae, 194, 110 fasc., 155 pp. Schubert, K. Neue 
exotische Staphyliniden, 45, 1910, 1-39. Silvestri, F. Metamorfosi 
del Cybocephalus rufifrons, e notizie sui suoi costumi, 159, iv, 220- 
227. Contribuzioni alia conoscenza degli insetti dannosi e dei lori 
simbionti 1. Galerucella dell' olmo (Galerucella luteola), 159, iv, 

HYMENOPTERA. Howard, L. O. A note on the Indian 
enemies of Aleyrodes citri, with description of a n. sp. of Pros- 
paltella, 179, iv, 130-132 (*). Kieffer, J. J. Description de nouveaux 
Hymenopteres, 159, iv, 105-117 (*). Nouveaux Cynipides exotiques, 
159, iv, 329-342 (*). Fam. Scelionidae. Addenda et corrigenda, 
194, 80b fasc., 61-112. Schmeideknecht, O. Opuscula Ichneumo- 
nolgica Fasc., xxvii, p. 2081-2160. Strand, E. Zwei neue suda- 
merikanische S'tenophasmus (Stephanidae), 38,, xxx, 14-15. Trani, 
E. Di un nuovo Proctotrupidae parassita delle larve degli An- 
threnus musaeorum, 314, Ixi, 19-24. Viehmeyer, H. Hochzeitsflug 
und Hybridation bei den Ameisen, 305, ii, 28-30. 

Burr. London, 1910. 160 pages. Oliver Janson, 44 Great Russell 
Street, W. C. Price 3*. 6d. 

This most useful handbook first appeared in parts in the Entomolo- 
gist's Record and Journal of Variation, forty-three installments having 
been published between 1903 and 1909. In the present little volume 
the matter is presented as first published with several pages of addenda 
dealing with corrections of classification and nomenclature and certain 
additional more recently described species. 

The treatment is concise, yet full enough to serve the purpose of 
the work, which the author says "does not claim to be more than a 
pocket-handbook for the use of collectors in the field." 


The geographic scope of the work covers the region "west of Vienna," 
to pass beyond which "would mean the inclusion of Eastern Europe, 
with Russia, and the Balkans." It might be well to emphasize even 
more' strongly than the author does the fact that the present work is 
the first of anything of a similar character published in the English 
language, our great works of reference on European Orthoptera be- 
ing in German, French and Spanish. 

The generic tables seem to be very carefully constructed, while the 
specific tables present in most cases a wealth of differential characters 
instead of the meagre alternatives so frequently found. Under the 
species are given very graphic descriptions with beclouding technicali- 
ties reduced to a minimum, while such as are used are explained under 
the family headings. 

The geographic information is of the sort which makes one who is 
more than a taxonomist happy, as the author has the ability to give 
in a few terse sentences a clear yet fairly detailed statement of the 
range of a species, generally prefacing the limitations of the range with 
the general region or regions inhabited. 

The number of species of Forficulidae treated is twenty-four, of 
Blattoclea twenty-two, of Mantidea thirteen, of Phasmidea four, of 
Acridiodea one hundred and thirty-five, of Locustodea one hundred and 
sixty-one, of Gryllodea thirty-five. On tabulating the species accord- 
ing to the sections of Western Europe to which they are restricted one 
is first struck with the great number of Iberian (Spain and Portugal) 
forms, thirty-three Acridiodea, sixty-three Locustodea and fourteen 
Gryllodea being found nowhere else in the territory covered, a few 
of them being found in northern Africa as well, although the vast ma- 
jority are indigenous to the peninsula. The next numerical element in 
a tabulation of the species is a Mediterranean one, including species 
found in Spain and Portugal as well as the south coast region of 
France, Italy and the portion of the Adriatic country covered by the 
work. The Acridiodea of this element number twenty-eight, the 
Locustodea forty-eight and the Gryllodea ten. The boreal element is 
numerically far less than either the Iberian or Mediterranean elements. 

In the reviewer's opinion the splitting up of the old blanket genus 
Stenobothrns (pp. 27-28, 32-47) is greatly to be commended, al- 
though the author may not be universally followed in according the 
divisions generic rank. Although Bolivar had previously applied these 
divisions in a subgeneric sense to the Iberian species, the present work 
is the first to assign the more numerous extra-Iberian forms. 

A curious lapse occurs near the bottom of page 16 where Blatta 
germanica is used instead of Blatta orientalis, germanica being properly 
used on the middle of the same page. The latter species, our familiar 


Croton-bug, \ve are told is called "Prussian" in Russia and "Russian" 
in Prussia. 

To our brother Orthopterists we would commend this Synopsis as 
a model of what such a condensed manual should be, and we earnestly 
hope the day may soon come when our own country will have such 
handbooks of not only the Orthoptera but other orders as well. To 
our English friend, who has put so much time and love into the com- 
piling of this work, we give our grateful thanks for what we know will 
be well thumbed by others as well as ourselves. J. A. G. R. 

Doings of Societies. 


The fifth annual meeting was held at the University of Minn- 
esota, Minneapolis, December 27th and 28th, 1910, in the 
School of Mines building. The president, Dr. J. B. Smith, 
presided throughout the session. In the absence of the Sec- 
retary-Treasurer, Professor J. G. Sanders was elected Secre- 
tary pro tern. 

The following papers were read during the session : 

E. L. Dickerson. "Notes on the Tingid Leptobyrsa ex- 
planata Heid." 

J. B. Smith. -"Notes on Sanninoidea e.vitiosa." 

J. P. Jensen. "The structure of spermatophores in crick- 

S. J. Hunter. "The biological survey of the insect life 
of Kansas." 

H. C. and H. H. Severin. -"An experimental study of the 
death-feigning habits of Belostoma (7.aitha) flnmincitm and 
Nepa apiculata Uhler." 

C. H. T. Townsend. -"Announcement of further results 
secured in the study of Tachinidae and allies." 

T. D. A. Cockerell. "Some suggested rules to govern en- 
tomological publications." 

The report of the Committee on Nomenclature was received 
and ordered printed. 

The report of the Executive Committee showed that nine- 
teen new members had been received during the year and 
four lost through death. 


The result of the mail vote ordered by the Society at the 
Boston meeting was, that the annual dues of the Society 
should be two dollars, this to include a subscription to the 
Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 

The following officers were elected : President, Professor 
Herbert Osborn; First Vice-President, Professor Lawrence 
Bruner; Second Vice-President, Professor Alex. D. Mac- 
Gillivray ; Secretary-Treasurer, Professor Alex. D. Mac- 

Additional members of the Executive Committee: Profes- 
sor J. H. Comstock, Professor J. B. Smith, Professor C. J. S. 
Bethune, Dr. W. M. Wheeler, Dr. H. Skinner, Dr. A. D. 

The Annual Public Address was given in Handicraft Hall 
by Professor F. L. Washburn : "The Typhoid Fly in the 
Minnesota Iron Range." ALEX. D. MACGILLIVRAY, Secretary- 


Meeting of Dec. 2ist, 1910, held at 1523 S. I3th St., Phila- 
delphia. Twelve members present; Mr. Lewis H. Traun- 
weiser, visitor. President Harbeck in the chair. 

Prof. Smith commented on the different departments of the 
colleges he visited in Europe and said he was surprised at the 
amount of entomology taught in connection with the medical 
courses, which of course is mostly on insects which are car- 
riers of disease. He gave details of his trip, which was for 
the purpose of looking up the water plant Azolla to be used 
in exterminating mosquitoes, and which was described in the 
NEWS for December. 

A copy of the new New Jersey list of insects was shown. 

Mr. C. T. Greene exhibited and recorded the following 
Diptera, all collected by himself: Masiccra albifrons Town., 
Castle Rock, Pa., VIII-29-'o9; Chactona nitcns Coq., Weno- 
nah, N. J-< IX-5~'io; Tachytrechus mocchus Loew, Bromall, 
Pa., VII-i-'io; and Gymnoplernus clialcochrus Loew, Weno- 
nah, N. J., V-is-'io. 

Dr. Castle said that on his trips to Florida he had taken 


twelve species of Chlacnius and had succeeded in adding two 
to this on his latest trip, C. ma.villosus Horn and hcrbaceus 
Chev. Of the former he believed that only two specimens were 
known and that it was not represented in the Horn Collection, 
while the latter was represented by one specimen. 

Mr. Haimbach invited the Social to hold its next meeting 
at his home, 150 Sumac Street, Wissahickon. Adjourned to 
the Annex. 

Meeting of January 18, 1911, at the home of Frank Haim- 
bach, 150 Sumac Street, Wissahickon, Philadelphia. Thirteen 
members present. Prof. F. M. Webster, of Washington, D. 
C., visitor. President Harbeck in the chair. 

The President read his annual address which was ordered to 
be incorporated in the minutes. 

The following officers were nominated and elected to serve 
for the year 1911: President, F. Haimbach; Vice-President, 
H. A. Wenzel ; Treasurer, H. W. Wenzel ; Secretary, George 
M. Greene; Assistant Secretary, C. T. Greene. 

Prof. Smith said that two or three months ago, just before 
the bad weather, he had received word that something was 
turning up the ground in Cape May County. He sent Mr. 
Brehme down to Sea Isle Junction, and found that it was as 
he had supposed, the Periodical Cicada, but these insects in- 
stead of making chimneys, had made mounds like ant hills, the 
openings of which did not come through to the top but just 
caused upheavals of the ground. The burrow was followed for 
six feet but did not reach the bottom and therefore no larvae 
were secured. In one place Italians were making a cut of 
eight feet but still the bottom of the burrows had not been 
reached. He stated that later some larvae had been sent to 
him from a locality where there was shale and they could only 
go to the depth of a few inches. 

Mr. Wenzel described the manner in which he had dug for 

Prof. Webster mentioned the collectors and collections in a 

1 9/3 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS [April, 'll 

general and humorous manner and then gave an interesting 
talk on imported species of several orders, particularly as to 
their wide distribution. One species, a fly, was bred by Mr. 
Johnson, from the University grounds here and later turned 
up in Arizona. He stated that many varieties of insects were 
imported to this country by the Spaniards, years ago, and also 
that the distribution of the different species was largely aided 
by the Jesuit priests in their travels through different coun- 
tries when they carried with them grains and fruits gathered 
at points where they stopped. 

Mr. Wenzel exhibited a live, wingless female grasshopper, 
Aptenopedcs sphcnarioides Scudder, collected by Mr. Schmitz 
in the street at noon of the date of the meeting, the tempera- 
ture at that time being about 25 deg. Fahrenheit. 

After an elaborate musical program furnished by Mr. Haim- 
bach's family and friends, the members were invited to the 
dining room, where they were again well entertained. 

GEO. M. GREENE, Secretary. 


The twenty-third annual meeting of the American Associa- 
tion of Economic Entomologists was held at Minneapolis, De- 
cember 28 and 29, 1910. The full proceedings are published 
in the Journal of Economic Entomology (the official organ of 
the Association) for February, 1911. Some of the more interest- 
ing features of the proceedings were : The consideration of a 
committee report on a proposed affiliation of the Association 
with ten other non-entomological societies under the name of 
the Affiliated Societies of Agricultural Science, a general 
meeting to be held biennially ; each affiliated society to retain 
its own organization and to hold such other meetings as it 
may elect and to issue its own Proceedings, but the Proceed- 
ings of all to conform to a uniform style of page, paper and 
type. The report of the committee was received and the com- 


mittee continued. The President's address by E. Dwight San- 
derson, was "The Work of the American Association of Eco- 
nomic Entomologists." Prof. T. S. Headlee presented a brief 
report on the work now being prosecuted by some economic 
entomologists in the State universities, agricultural colleges 
and experiment stations of the United States, listing the names 
of 101 projects, and the investigator undertaking each one. 
with his address. 

The adoption of a preamble and resolution that, "Whereas, 
there now exists a great lack of properly trained men for the 
work in economic entomology in the country at large, be it 
Resolved, by the Association that universities and agricultural 
colleges within whose province it naturally falls to supply this 
need, be urged to provide adequate facilities for the thor- 
ough training of capable men for the profession of economic 

A symposium on the present methods of teaching entomol- 
ogy, is represented by four papers by Profs. J. H. Comstock, 
H. T. Fernald, Herbert Osborn and Lawrence Bruner respec- 
tivelv, followed by an extended discussion. 

The same number of the Journal of Economic Entomology 
contains the Proceedings of the ninth annual meeting of the 
American Association of Official Horticultural Inspectors, in- 
cluding an extended paper by C. L. Marlatt on the need of a 
national control of imported nursery stock, and shorter ones 
by Dr. L. O. Howard, G. G. Atwood and F. Windle. 


JAMES WILLIAM TUTT, English Lepidopterist, and Editor 
of the Entomologists' Record and Journal of Variation (Lon- 
don), from 1890 to IQIO, died January 10, 1911, at Rayleigh 
Villa, Westcombe Hill. From a sympathetic notice of his life 
by Dr. T. A. Chapman, in the Entomologist for February, 
1911, we learn that he was born at Strood, Kent, April 26, 
1858. Most of his mature years were spent as a schoolmaster 


in London. He began contributing to the Entomologist in 
1884, was an active member of the City of London (President 
1896-1899) and South London (President 1899) Entomo- 
logical and Natural History Societies, a Fellow of the Ento- 
mological Society of London since 1885, and President-nomin- 
ate of this last at the time of his death. His chief papers and 
books are on Melanism; Tlic Britisli Ptcrophorina; Migration 
of Insects; The British Noctuae and their varieties (4 vol- 
umes) : Practical Hints for the Field Lepidopterist (3 vol- 
umes) ; British Butterflies ; British Moths; Randoms in Al- 
pine Valleys; Woodside, Burnsidc, Hittside and Marsh; Ran- 
dom Recollections and, lastly and chiefly, A Natural History 
of the British Lcpidoptera, of which six thick volumes have 
appeared, I-V, 1899-1906, treating of Moths, and VIII, 1905- 
'06, of Butterflies. These last, says Dr. Chapman, "are note- 
worthy not only for their encyclopedic character in relation to 
each species handled, but also for the critical discussions on 
many points of classification and nomenclature. This, how- 
ever, is not the place for further review, beyond noting the evi- 
dence afforded of Tutt's amazing industry, and the width and 
vigor of his mental grasp." Elsewhere Dr. Chapman re- 
marks, "It was simply impossible for him to be idle; he must 
work away at full steam all the time." 

"His extensive collections, occupying some dozen cabinets 
are less remarkable for the rarities they contain than for pre- 
senting many long series, and for being very largely of his 
own collecting. It is stated that they are to be disposed of 
during the next two years." 

From our contemporaries also we learn of the deaths of the 
following entomologists : 

E. A. LEVIELLE, at the age of 70 years ; EDWYN CARLOS 
REED, Director of the Museo de Concepcion, Chile, on No- 
vember 5, 1910; ELZEAR ABEILLE DE PERRIN, Coleopterist, at 
Marseilles, aged 68 years, and Prof. GIRON, Lepidopterist, of 
the Belgian Entomological Society. 



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Plate VI. 






VOL. XXII. MAY, 1911. No. 5. 


Jones A new North American Moth 

of the Family Psvchidae I Lepid. ) . . 103 

Banks Cases of Phoresie 194 

Beutenmuller Three new Species of 
Cynipidae (Hvm ) 197 

Dyar The American Species of Dia- 
traea Guilding (Lepid., Pvralidae) 199 

Girault A Supposed Occurrence of 

Cockerell A new Coccid on Ledum 
(Hemip.) 217 

Rohwer Additions and Correctionsto 
"The Genotypes of the Sawflies 
and Woodwasps or the Superfam- 
ily Tenthredinoidea tHvmen.) 218 

Skinner A new Variety of Chionobas 220 

Muttkowski A new Gomphus (Odon.j 221 

Anagrus incarnatus Haliday in the Felt Kndaphis hirta n. sp. (Dipt.).... 224 

United States ( Hym.) 207 , F.ditorial 225 

Lovell New Records of Bees: Sphe- ' Notes and News 226 

codes and Prosopis (Hvm.) 211 Entomological Literature 232 

Girault The Occurrence of the Myma- Doings of Societies 237 

rid Genus Anaphoidea Girault in ' Obituary Dr. Edward Palmer 239 

England (Hymen.) 215 I Prof. Felix Plateau 239 

A New North American Moth of the Family 
Psychidae (Lepid.). 

BY FRANK MORTON JONES, Wilmington, Delaware. 

(Plate VI.) 

Eurycttarus tracyi nov. sp. 

Male. Antennae larger and more broadly pectinated than in confed- 
erata, each pectination terminated with a bristly tuft ; thorax heavy, 
densely hairy; abdomen hairy, in dried examples barely exceeding sec- 
ondaries ; wings broad ; primaries short, costa full, apex so rounded that 
no angle is discernible ; secondaries broad, evenly rounded ; color smoky 
brownish gray, the primaries and thorax slightly darker than the sec- 
ondaries and abdomen ; wings without markings, not very opaque, in 
some lights with a brilliant purplish-blue reflection beneath, fainter 
above; expands 17-19 mm; vein 6 absent on both wings, which refers 
this insect (Neum. and Dyar, Jour. N. Y. Ent. Soc. u, 118) to Euryct- 
tarus Hamps. ; the anal vein of primaries forks at half its length from 
base, the upper branch arching in a regular curve, not angled at its 
point of widest separation as in confederate.; vein 8 of primaries not 
stemmed with 9 before reaching cell, or in some examples very shortly 
stemmed (in confederata the stem is as long as the remaining length 
of 8 from stem to margin of wing) ; on secondaries the oblique vein 
from 8 divides the vein at about half its length from base; in confed- 
erate this oblique vein is about one third distant from the base ; other 
differences, due to the widely different wing-shape, will appear by com- 



Larval Case: Length 21-27 mm., and of almost uniform diameter; 
thatched outside with short flat pieces of dried grass, closely applied, 
and overlapped or shingled longitudinally. 

Described from four males bred (May, 1910) from larvae 
and numerous cases collected at Biloxi, Mississippi. Types are 
deposited in the U. S. National Museum and in my own col- 

The female is wingless and grub-like as in the related spe- 
cies; a single female was bred but was not secured in condi- 
tion for detailed description. Like confederata, this insect 
passes the winter as a larva, apparently always in the last lar- 
val stage, and feeds for a short time in early spring, suspend- 
ing its case to some tree, fence, or twig for final transforma- 
tion. Though apparently by choice a grass-feeder in swampy 
places, the spring-time food is often the petals of flowers, and 
several larvae were found devouring the tender yellow petals 
of pitcher plants (Sarracenia sledgei}. Though of less ex- 
panse, this is a much more robust insect than the well-known 
E. confederata G. & R. and its larval case is proportionately 
larger. I take pleasure in dedicating this interesting species to 
Prof. S. M. Tracy, whose hospitality and knowledge of the 
district and its flora added greatly to the pleasure and profit of 
my stay at Biloxi. 

Cases of Phoresie. 

BY NATHAN BANKS, East Falls Church, Va. 

The cases where insects are transported by other insects 
are comparatively few. Among the mites, there are long 
series of forms in which it is the rule that the mite is in some 
of its stages transported by insects. The well-known case of 
the triungulins of Meloidae, being carried by bees, is found in 
all text-books. But there is a considerable number of records 
of other insects being transported by larger insects. Some 
years ago Mrs. Slosson sent me some Chrysopids from Mt. 
Washington that had, clinging to their wings, some small flies. 


Since then I have been interested in listing articles on this sub- 
ject, and the titles, with comment, are herewith presented, rec- 
ognizing, of course, that the list is not complete. 

Meigen, J. W. Systematische Beschreibung der europaischen zwei- 
flugelischen Insekten VII, p. 409, 1838. 

Describes 'Limosina sacra, a Borborid fly found on the under 
surface of the sacred Scarabaeus (Ateuchus saccr). 

Xambeu, P. Bull. Soc. Ent, France, 1877, p. Ixix. Records finding 
a specimen of a Chalcidid. 

Podagrion pachyincnts Dalm., attached to the under wings 
of a Mantis rcligiosa L. ; it waits till the female makes an egg- 
mass, and then deposits its eggs therein. 

Moult on, J. T. Flies riding on a tumble-bug. Amer. Entom., vol. Ill, 
p. 226, 1880. 

Xoticed in Missouri, a small fly (possibly Limosina, from 
the brief description), riding on a tumble bug. 

Sharp, D. Proc. Ent. Soc., London, 1890, p. xxx. 

Exhibited a specimen of one of the bird flies, Ornithomyia 
avicularia, to which were attached by their mandibles several 
specimens of Mallophaga. 

Eaton, A. E. Flies riding on beetle back. Ent. Mo. Mag., 1896, p. 139. 
Borborid fly on back of a coprophagous beetle in England. 

Walker, J. J. Flies riding on beetle back. Ent. Mo. Mag., 1896, p. 161. 
Notes Ateuchus variola sus at Gibraltar with Borborid flies 
upon them. 

Lesne, P. Moeurs du Limosina sacra. Phenomenes de transport 
mutuel chez les animaux articules; origine du parasitisme 
chez les insectes Dipteres. Bull. Soc. Ent., France, 1896, p. 

Gives account of Limosina sacra on specimens of Ateuchus 
laticollis; also notes that larvae of Anther ophagus (Crypto- 
phagid beetles), ride on bees like triungulins of Meloids. Lesne 
proposes the term "phorcsie" for this transportation of one 
insect by another. 


Chobaut, A. Observations sur un Diptere vivant sur les Ateuchus. 
Bull. Soc. Ent, France, 1896, p. 166. 

Confirms the observations of Lesne. 

Bloesch, Ch. Physapodes se sont transporter par les guepes. Feuille 
Jeun. Natur. (3) vol. XXV, p. 75-?6, (1896). 

Slosson, Mrs. A. T. Singular habit of a Cecidomyid Ent. News, 1896. 
p. 238. 

A Cecidomyiid attached to Chrysopa; suggested that the 
cecidomyiid is predaceous on plant lice, that are also preyed 
upon by the Chrysopa larvae. 

Cummings, H. A. Parasites of the house-fly. Science Gossip, 1899. 
(Amer. Mo. Micr. Journ., Oct., 1899, P- 3i8.) 

Notes that in Bermuda a small red ant is carried by the fly. 

Kertesz, K. Dipterologisches aus New Guinea. Termes. Fiizetek. 
XX, p. 611-613, 1897. 

Small flies riding on a large one. 

Biro, L. Commensalismus bei Fliegen.. Termes. Fiizetek. XXII, p. 
200, 1899. (Also Rovartani Lapok, 1897, p. 129). 

Two Agromysa minutissima carried by an Ommatius minor, 
in New Guinea. 

Mik, J. Merkwiirdige Beziehung zwischen Desmometopa m.- atrum 
Meig. aus Europa und Agromyza minutissima V. d. Wulp. aus 
New Guinea. Wien. Ent. Zeit., 1898, p. 146-151. 

Found 13 specimens of a small fly (Desmometopa (Agro- 
mysa) m-atrum) attached to a dead worker bee, that was still 
fresh. Reviews papers by Biro and Kertesz. 

Warner, W. V. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., V. p. 308-309, 1903. 

Exhibited specimen of S cello (Scrphidae} clinging by jaw 
to the side of a grasshopper, Dichromorpha viridis. The 
genus Scelio is parasitic on the eggs of grasshgppers. 

Schulz, W. A. Dipteren als Ektoparasiten an stidamerikanischer Tag- 
faltern. Zool. Anzeiger, XXVIII, p. 42-43, 1904. 

Notes Phoridre attached to butterflies of genera Morplw 
and Helicopsis in Brazil. 


Fletcher, T. B. Ent. Mo. Mag., 1909, p. 168. 

He exhibited at meeting of Ent. Soc. Lond. 2 June, 1909, an 
example of Scarabaeits gangeticus taken on wing, carrying 
small Borborid flies. 

The habit of certain Borborid flies in attaching to copro- 
phagous beetles is evidently world wide, and undoubtedly aids 
them in locating suitable breeding places. The habit of cer- 
tain Hymenopterous egg-parasites of clinging to parents of the 
eggs is quite possibly confined to certain groups. The other 
cases are difficult of classification, and some may be accidental. 

Three new species of Cynipidae (Hym.). 

BY WILLIAM BEUTENMULLER, American Museum of Natural 

History, New York City. 

Dryocosmus favus sp. nov. 

Female. Head black, finely rugoso-punctate, mouth parts dull 
rufous. Antennae 14-jointed, first joint quite stout, second much 
shorter, third long, slender at base and broad at end, fourth about 
one-half as long as the third, fifth shorter than the fourth, sixth to 
last short and almost uniform in size, deep brown, terminal joints al- 
most black. Thorax jet black, smooth and shining, very minutely 
punctate anteriorly and laterally, which parts are slightly hairy. 
Parapsidal grooves sharply defined, with a few short hairs along the 
outer edges. Median groove wanting. Anterior parallel lines very 
short and scarcely evident. Lateral grooves wanting. Pleurae very 
finely rugose, with a rather large polished area. Scutellum finely 
rugose, with a lateral ridge which extends around the apex, foveae at 
base not distinct. Abdomen black, smooth and shining with a few 
short hairs at the base dorsally. Legs pitchy brown pubescent, 
coxae black. Wings hyaline, veins pitchy brown. Radial area partly 
open. Areolet distinct. Cubitus extending to the first cross-vein. 
Length, 3 to 3.50 mm. 

Gall. In clusters from about fifty to one hundred on the trunks of 
young red and scarlet oaks (Quercus rubra and coccinea), immediately 
above the ground, in autumn. Hard and woody (when dry) probably 
soft when fresh, monothalamous. Oblong, narrower at base than at 
apex, which is flat. In form they are somewhat like square tubes or 
five or six-cornered tubes, giving them the appearance of cells of a 
honeycomb. Hollow inside and rather thin-walled. The fly emerges 


from the apex of the gall. Length, 5 mm.; width of apex, 3 mm.; 
diameter of cluster, 28 mm. 

Habitat: Phillips Bluff, La.; Fleetwood, Pa. 

The fly was described from many specimens loaned to me 
by Prof. A. D. Hopkins. The species belongs to the European 
genus Dryocosmns Giraud not heretofore recorded from 
North America. The fly emerges very early in spring and the 
gall reaches maturity late in fall. 

Amphibolips nigra sp. nov. 

Female. Head rugose more so on the cheeks and vertex. Ocelli 
large and smooth. Antennae rather short and stout, i6-jointed. Thorax 
black, coarsely rugose with the parapsidal grooves lost in the rough 
surface. Anterior parallel lines and lateral grooves present, pubescent. 
Pleurae rugose but less so than the thorax on top. Scutellum black, 
coarsely rugose with two large somewhat shining foveae at the base 
separated by a fine ridge. Abdomen black, slightly shining, minutely 
punctate and covered with very short, whitish hairs. Legs black, 
punctate and hairy, tarsi brown. Wings dusky hyaline with a darker 
streak beyond the radial area, veins brown and thick, second cross- 
vein in a brown cloud. Areolet large, cubitus extending to the first 
cross-vein. Radial area open. Length, 5 mm. 

Habitat: Durango, Mexico. February 1-7, 1897 (Dr. 
Edward Palmer). 

Type: United States National Museum. 

Andricus durangensis sp. nov. 

Female. Head very deep reddish brown, cheek and vertex granu- 
lated, face more coarsely sculptured. Antennae 14-jointed, slender. 
Thorax coarsely granulated, very deep reddish brown, almost black. 
Parapsidal grooves, anterior parallel lines, median and lateral grooves 
present distinct, but not sharply defined owing to the rough surface 
of the thorax. In one example the median and parapsidal grooves are 
scarce!}' evident. Pleura rugose. Scutellum coarsely rugose with the 
foveae at base not distinct. Abdomen smooth, shining red. Legs dark 
reddish brown. Wings glassy hyaline, veins brown, first radial vein 
not reaching the costa. Areolet present. Cubitus not touching the 
first cross-vein. Second transverse vein curved. Length, 4 mm. 

Habitat: Durango, Mexico. April 3 May 6. (Dr. Edward 

Type : United States National Museum. 


The American species of Diatraea Guilding (Lepid., 


BY HARRISON G. DYAR, U. S. Nat. Mus., Washing-ton, D. C. 

I have referred (Proc. ent. soc. Wash., xi, 29, 1909) to the 
fact that Sir G. F. Hampson, in his revision of the Crambinac 
(Proc. Zool. soc. Lond., 1895) describes the genus Diatraea 
in his synoptic table as having a frontal prominence, whereas 
the type species, saccharalis Fabr., is really without this struc- 
ture. It is true that in the text the frontal prominence is not 
mentioned, the statement being "frons with a tuft of hairs." 
I was formerly inclined to regard this as an error in the diagno- 
sis, subject to correction, but the examination of further mater- 
ial has convinced me that the frontal prominence is a variable 
character, of less than specific value. The generic table will 
need correction, but the genus Diatraea may include species 
with or without the frontal prominence. 

In the same paper Hampson recognized but three American 
species of Diatraea. This number will have to be considerably 
amplified. I arrange the species at present in the following 
manner : 

i. Saccharalis group. 
Diatraea saccharalis Fabricius. 

This species is divisible into a number of well-marked geo- 
graphical forms. Two of them occur in the United States. 
The typical saccharalis reaches us by the way of the West 
Indies and occurs in Florida. The race crambidoides Grote 
comes from Mexico and occurs in the Gulf States. The fol- 
lowing subspecies are before me : 

Diatraea saccharalis saccharalis Fabricius. 
Phalaena saccharalis Fabricius, Ent. Syst., Ill, 2, 238, 1794. 
Crambus leucaniellns Walker, Cat. Brit. Mus., XXVII, 161, 1863. 

This form is small, the wings rather narrow, but squarely 
tipped and not especially pointed. The front is smooth and 
flat, scarcely at all projecting before the eyes and without any 
trace of the frontal cone or tubercle. Specimens are before 
me from French Guiana (W. Schaus), Cuba (W. Schaus, 


E. A. Schwarz), Trinidad (F. W. Urich) and a single female 
from Peru. Also a female from southern Florida (H. G. 
Dyar). Walker's Crambus leucanicllus was described from 
Santo Domingo and so must belong to this form; but I have 
not seen any males from Santo Domingo. The two females 
before me (A: Busck) agree with Cuban females. 

Diatraea saccharalis grenadensis, new variety. 

A single male is before me. The front is distinctly protub- 
erant, but smooth, without any cone; the hind wings are white, 
the fore wings pale straw color and pointed at apex. The 
specimen looks like a little female. 

Grenada, British West Indies (Schaus collection). 

Type, No. 13610 U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea saccharalis obliteratellus Zeller. 

In this the front is strongly roundedly protuberant and 
there is a minute cone towards the upper part of the front. 
It was described from Brazil. I have females only from 
Castro, Parana, Rio Janeiro and Nova Friburgo (Schaus col- 
lection), besides one from Sapucay, Paraguay (W. T. Foster). 

Diatraea saccharalis tabernella, new variety. 

The front is rather flat, but is drawn out above into a distinct point- 
ed cone, somewhat flattened dorso-ventrally. The hind wings are 
white in the male as well as in the female. The fore wings are straw- 
color, the two lines of dots present in both sexes, but rather weak in 
the females or partly obsolete. The wings are rather narrow, squarely 
shaped, the apex pointed. 

Canal Zone, Panama and Nicaragua. 

Types, male and female, Tabernilla, Canal Zone, Panama 
(A. Busck). 

Type, No. 13611, U. S. National Museum. 

This form may possibly be a distinct species. 

Diatraea saccharalis crambidoides Grote. 

Chilo crambidoides Grote, Can Ent, XII, 15, 1880. 

? Crambus lineosellus Walker, Cat. Brit. Mus., XXVII, 162, 1863. 

In this form the front is roundedly prominent, slightly projecting 
above beyond the eyes, but without cone or tubercle. The male has 
the hind wings dusky, those of the female are white. The wings are 


narrow, outer margin oblique, apex pointed. The male is brownish 
ochre in color, the female straw yellow; the two rows of brown dots 
are distinct in both sexes. 

Range: Mexico, numerous localities. Gulf States and lower 
Mississippi Valley. 

Grote's crambidoides was described from Kansas, so there 
can hardly be any doubt of the application of the name. 
Walker's lineoselhis was described from Honduras, whence 
I have no material. If the names shall be found to refer to the 
same form, Walker's name would have priority. 

Diatraea pedidocta, new species. 

Similar to D. saccharalis crambidoides. The females are even nar- 
rower-winged, brownish ochre instead of straw yellow, while the 
outer row of dots runs closer to the margin and anal angle and is 
darker in color. The fore wings resemble those of male crambi- 
doides rather than those of the female. The hind wings are white. 

Two females, Cordoba, Mexico, January 27, February 27, 
1908 (F. Knab). 

Type, No. 13612, U. S. National Museum. 

This is perhaps only a dark variety of the female of crambi- 
doides Grt. 

Diatraea instructella, new species. 

A large species resembling crambidoides, much larger, the mark- 
ings coarser, the lines of dots distinct, diffused, almost continuous, 
the inner line drawn in at its termination almost to the base of the 
wing. Discal dot distinct, black; terminal dots minute. Hind wing 
w^hite. The front is smooth, rounded, gently convex. 

One female, Popocatepetl Park, Mexico, July, 1906 (W. 
Type, No. 13613, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea magnifactella, new species. 

Another large species of the crambidoides type. Male brownish 
ochreous, the hind wing dusky, almost blackish ; lines of dots on the 
fore wings distinct, approximated. The wings are rather broad, 
square at the apices. Female pale straw yellow, the markings much 
less distinct than in the male. Hind wings soiled yellowish, slightly 
shaded with fuscous toward anal region. The front is prominent and 
has a small central cone, the tip of which projects through the vesti- 


Male and female, Orizaba, Mexico, April, 1908 (R. Miiller) ; 
Male and two females Cuernavaca, Mexico, June and August, 
1906 (W. Schaus) ; one female, Jalapa, two females, Oaxaca, 
Mexico< (Schaus collection). 

Type, No. 13614, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea minimifacta, new species. 

A small square-winged species. The wing is darkly shaded through 
the middle, obscuring the lines, which are sub-continuous and not re- 
solved into dots ; veins brown-lined beyond this shade, terminal black 
dots between the veins with white points before them relieved on the 
brown ground. Hind wing white. Expanse, 18 mm. The front is 
smooth and nearly flat. 

Two females, Trinidad, British West Indies (Schaus col- 
lection, A. Busck). 

Type, No. 13615, U. S. National Museum. 
Diatraea continens, new species. 

Fore wing straw yellow, the veins lined in brown, with faint lines 
between; two brown oblique parallel lines joining a brown cloud at 
apex ; terminal dots small black, discal dot brown. Hind wing white, 
nearly pure. Front smooth and nearly flat. 

One female, Castro, Parana, Brazil (Schaus collection). 
Type, No. 13616, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea pedibarbata, new species. 

Front smooth, rounded, slightly prominent; hind tarsi short, the 
tibiae with a large tuft of hairs. Dark brown, the lines as usual but 
not relieved, obscure against the dark ground. Body parts also dark, 
but hind wing whitish, with only a slight straw-color tinge. Expanse, 
23 mm. 

One male, St. Laurent, Maroni River, French Guiana (W. 
. Schaus). 

Type, No. 13617, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea canella Hampson. 

Diatraea canella Hampson, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (6) XVI, 349, 1895. 

This species has a strong frontal prominence in the form of a plate 
with a point in the center. The general color is reddish gray without 
any of the straw yellow tint. The dots on the fore wing are larger and 
less strigose than usual in the saccharalis group ; they are nearly obso- 
lete in the female, which is of a nearly uniform reddish gray. 


Specimens are before me from Grenada, Trinidad and the 
Guianas. Hampson gives also Brazil, but Brazilian specimens 
before me are separable specifically. The species feeds on 
sugar cane in the larval state, as proved by a bred specimen 
from Mr. F. W. Urich. 

</ Diatraea amnemonella, new species. 

Similar to canclla Hamps., but narrower-winged, the markings more 
diffused and obscured. The female is gray, like the male, while the 
hind wings are white in both sexes. The frontal prominence is a 
central cone, not a plate. 

Male and female, Castro, Parana, Brazil (Schaus collection). 
Type, No. 13618, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea zeacolella, new species. 

Female with the wings broad, the apex square ; color straw yellow, 
the brown lines on the veins conspicuous, generally more so than the 
lines between the veins; no bands of dots, or only slight traces of 
them; terminal dots larger than in saccJiaralis, but yet small, generally 
present; discal dot black, present. 

Male generally larger and somewhat broader winged than sac- 
charalis, the same specific differences present as in the female, but in 
lesser degree ; the two bands of dots are present, but are not intensi- 
fied by dark shades ; the linings on the veins are more contracted than 
in saccharalis. 

Types, five males and nine females, Tryon, North Carolina, 
April 4, June 2, August 2 and 9, 1904 (W. F. Fiske) ; Xinety- 
six Post Office, South Carolina, larvae received July, 1880, 
issued May 9, 1881 (W. L. Anderson) ; Fredericksburg, Vir- 
ginia, issued July 26, 1890 (Dept. Agr., No. 1015?) ; Alexan- 
dria County, Virginia, larvae in Thripsacitui dactyloidcs July 
15, 1891, adults issued August 13 and 21, 1891 (T. Pergande). 

Type, No. 13556, U. S. National Museum. 

The figures published by Dr. Howard of the "larger corn- 
stalk borer." (Insect Life, iv, 95, 1891) represent D. zeacolella. 

This species is transitional toward the next group, the males 
having the markings of the saccliarolis group, whereas the 
females considerably resemble lineolata Walker. 


lesta lisetta Dyar. 
lesta lisetta Dyar, Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash., XI, 29, 1909. 

This little species has the straw-colored wings and rows 
of dots characteristic of the saccharalis group and also the 
essential generic character of the union of vein n with 12. 
But vein 10 is stalked with 8 and 9, and it is therefore neces- 
sary to remove the species from Diatraea, as I have done. 

2. Lineolata group. 
Diatraea lineolata Walker. 

Leucania lineolata Walker, Cat. Brit. Mus., IX, 100, 1856. 

Crambus impersonatellus Walker, Cat. Brit. Mus., XXVII, 163, 1863. 

Chilo nciiricelius Zeller, Mon. Chil. & Cramb., 8, 1863. 

The front has a distinct cone, across which runs a transverse ridge. 
The fore wings are brownish or straw color, the veins brown with 
brown lines between, not strongly contrasted; terminal dots absent or 
minute ; discal dot often absent. 

There is a lightening of the ground color in the interspaces beyond 
the cell, forming a faint pale ray outwardly from the discal dot, 
which is never very distinct, but gives a characteristic appearance. 
Hind wings soiled white in the male, with only a faint yellowish tinge 
in the female. 

We have this species from Cuba, Trinidad, the Guianas, 
Venezuela, Costa Rica, Mexico and southern Arizona, all 
without any marked variation or tendency to local forms, ex- 
cept that in the northern end of its range there is a tendency 
to the loss of the frontal prominence. It is absent in a male 
from Tehuacan before me, in a female from Cuernavaca and 
in the single female from southern Arizona. This is not a 
fixed local character, as other specimens from the same places, 
indistinguishable in color, possess the frontal prominence. 

Diatraea culmicolella Zeller. 
Chilo culmicolellus Zeller, Mon. Chil. & Cramb., 7, 1863. 

This was described from Colombia, and said to differ from 
the preceding only in the obsolescence of the linings and dis- 
cal dot. I have no specimens from Columbia, so let the name 
stand, but I think it will be found to be the same as lineolata 


Diatraea grandiosella, new species. 

A single large female differs from the series of lineolata in its 
brownish color, without any yellow tint. The linings on the veins 
and between are very distinct ; terminal dots minute, black ; discal dot 
obsolete. The front is smooth, without prominence. Hind wings soiled 

One female, Guadalajara, Mexico (Schaus collection). 

Type, No. 13619, U. S. National Museum. 

This may be a variation of lineosella, but it does not match 
any in the series. % In lineolata when the veins are strongly 
lined the intravenular streaks are less strongly marked. In 
grandiosella, all are alike, heavily marked. 

r Diatraea pallidostricta, new species. 

Front conically protuberant, but without any point or ridge. Wings 
as in lineolata, the linings indistinct and blurred, the whitish discal 
ray strong, broad and contrasted. Discal dot minute ; terminal dots 
absent. Hind wing white. 

One female, Sao Paulo, Brazil (Schaus collection). 
Type, No. 13620, U. S. National Museum. 


Diatraea angustella, new species. 

The front is smooth, roundedly protuberant. Wings narrow, pointed 
at apex, much as in lineolata but darker, the veins strongly relieved 
in brown, the intervenular streaks broad and diffused, sometimes en- 
tirely filling the spaces between the veins. No terminal dots. Discal 
dot small, sometimes absent. Hind wings white, slightly soiled in the 
male, faintly yellowish in the female. 

Two males, ten females, Castro, Parana, Brazil (Schaus 

Type, No. 13621, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea bellifactella, new species. 

Front with a cone and transverse chitinous ridge. Wings moder- 
ately broad, the apices depressed. Pale straw color, the veins strongly 
lined in brown ; a brown shade from apex towards end of cell, in the 
male continued across wing by thickenings of the lines on the veins; 
an outer parallel row of thickenings oblique from middle of outer 
margin to middle of inner margin ; streaks between the veins linear, 
not distinct; discal and terminal dots small, blackish. Hind wing 
soiled white in both sexes. 


Male, Sao Paulo, Brazil; female, Castro, Parana, Brazil 
(Schaus collection). 
Type, No. 13622, U. S. National Museum. 

Diatraea strigipennella, new species. 

Chilo strigipennellus Hampson, MS. 

Front with conical prominence with chitinous point at tip. Mark- 
ings as in lineolata, but gray and brown, without straw color. In the 
male two faint curved parallel shaded lines. The pale discal ray is 
fairly conspicuous. 

Specimens are before me from the Guianas and Brazil, in- 
cluding- a female cotype from Castro, Parana. 

Type, No. 13623, U. S. National Museum. 

Sir G. F. Hampson writes that he suppressed his description 
of this species, having concluded that it was the same as 
D. lineolata Walk. It is, however, smaller, and gray, not 
yellow, while the males are narrower-winged and have the two 
parallel curved lines well shown. 

Diatraea berthellus Schaus, new species. 

"Fore wing with the costal portion ochreous brown, shading to yel- 
low costally; a silvery white ray from base to outer margin, widening 
outwardly and diffused below ; a gray area below this ; inner margin 
broadly light yellow at base, the yellow shading into the gray out- 
wardly and lost before the anal angle ; a row of terminal black points ; 
fringe metallic. Expanse, 20 mm. 

Castro, Parana, Brazil," Schaus, MS. 

Type, No. 13624, U. S. National Museum. 

The front has a thick cone with sharp chitinous point. The 
species is wholly unlike the Diatraea species here discussed, 
and is, I think, not properly referable to Diatraea, but rather to 
Chilo. It is true that in the type vein n makes a short anas- 
tomosis with 12, but in the other three specimens it runs free, 
though very close to 12. The majority of the specimens have 
the vein free as in Chilo, while in the type itself there is only 
a short anastomosis, not a complete union of the veins as in 
Diatraea. The species resembles the North American Diatraea 
parallela Kearfott, but that is a typical Diatraea with flat front. 


Crambus faunellus Schaus, new species. 

"Fore wing straw yellow, shaded slightly with brown towards inner 
margin; veins faintly bordered with brown on each side; a brown discal 
dot, one below on vein 2 and a slight one at anal angle. A row of 
terminal black dots between the veins. Hind wings slightly shaded with 
brown except along costa; fringe pale on both wings. Expanse, 31 mm. 

Sao Paulo, Brazil." Schaus, MS. 

Type, No. 13625, U. S. National Museum. 

The front is smooth, antennae of the male slightly thickened 
and flattened, fore wing with vein 7 given off further from 
the apex than 9, n curved and approximated to 12, 4 and 5 
stalked. This brings it in the group with distictellus Hamp- 
son, than which it is much larger and has a terminal row of 
black dots on fore wing. I mention this species here because 
the females were included under Diatraea lineolata in the col- 
lection, to which they bear a strong superficial resemblance. 
They differ from the male only in having the wing slightly 
more pointed, the linings along the veins a little more distinct, 
while the spots are less distinct, and the hind wings are paler, 
being a slightly soiled white. 

A Supposed Occurrence of Anagrus incarnatus Hali- 

day in the United States (Hym.)- 

BY A. A. GIRAULT Urbana, Illinois. 

Sometime during 1909 I received from Professor C. P. Gil- 
lette, of the Colorado Agricultural College, a slide bearing 
single specimens of both sexes of a species of Anagnis Hali- 
day, with the request that I identify it if possible. The slide 
was labelled "probably from eggs of Aphis pomi." Soon af- 
ter its receipt I examined the specimens and decided that they 
could not be separated from Anagnis incarnatus Haliday, 
specimens of which I have as a loan through the ready kind- 
ness of Dr. L. O. Howard. Subsequently, however, a more 
careful comparison showed differences of such character as to 
preclude the sameness of the two sets of specimens and the 
Colorado specimens are therefore representatives of an unde- 
scribed species. At the present time Mymarids of the Euro- 


pean fauna do not occur in this country ; that is to say so far 
as is known. Species of Anagrus are common here as are also 
species of other common genera but I have never met with a 
specimen which was similar to any of the European speci- 
mens in my possession.* 

The new North American species which I shall call Anag- 
rus spiritus is similar in all details of body structure, color, 
antennae and wing ciliation to incarnatus but differs in the 
following particulars : The marginal cilia of the posterior 
wing's at the caudal margin are very long, the longest being 
seven or eight times longer than the greatest width of the 
wing blade, distinctly longer than in incarnatus in that 
species only four or five times longer than the greatest width 
of the wing blade ; otherwise the posterior wings are alike in 
both species. In the American species the parapsidal furrows 
are farther apart, in other words the mesoscutum is broader, 
much broader cephalad than its width at the caudal margin, 
the parapsidal furrows curving cephalo-laterad : in incarnatus 
the parapsidal furrows are but slightly curved cephalo-laterad, 
comparativelv straight, consequently the mesoscutum is nearly 
rectangular but slightly broader at the cephalic margin than it 
is broad at the caudal margin and distinctly longer than wide, 
wedge-shaped. In spiritus it is only slightly longer than its 
greatest width, its caudal margin curved, its shape peltate. In 
incarnatus the caudal margin of this sclerite is nearly straight, 
slightly concaved. The fore wings in both species are nearly 
identical in shape, yet in spiritus they are slightly broader at 
the apex, with the tendency to bear one more line of discal 
ciliation (7 or 8 lines') and with longer marginal cilia. The 
antennae in both are very much alike, yet in the female the 
joints though similar in shape, yet are shorter in spiritus than 
in incarnatus, so that the sixth funicle joint is barely longer 
than the first ; whereas in incarnatus it is distinctly longer than 

*I may add that the differences between the species of Anagnis are 
more subtle than those met with in any other group ; they are distinct 
enough when once seen. 


the first funicle joint by at least a fourth. In spiritus the cephalic 
femora are slightly longer and broader than in the other spe- 
cies, as long as the cephalic tibiae. There are no colorational 
differences between the two species, excepting- that in in earn a- 
tns ("female only) the pedicel and first funicle joint of the an- 
tenna are pallid (white, clear), not so in spiritus. The spe- 
cies is described more in detail herewith. 

Anagrus spiritus species nova. 

Female : Length, 0.65 mm. ; moderately small for the family, usual 
in size for the genus. 

General color yellowish brown (brown pink") suffused with some 
dusky, the abdomen with 4 or 5 transverse dusky bands across it which 
are not conspicuous ; all appendages pallid brownish as is also the 
venation : the trochanters and knees pallid, the wings hyaline except- 
ing the fore wings proximad which are suffused with dusky out as far 
a distance distad of the apex of the marginal vein as the latter is 
long, the fumation more noticeable caudad of the marginal vein. Eyes 
and ocelli ruby red. 

Carina on the vertex present, usual ; eyes reniform ; abdomen slight- 
ly longer than the thorax, pointed but not noticeably or pronouncedly 

Fore wings moderately slender, clavate, curved at about the distal 
third, with very long marginal cilia, the longest about twice longer 
than the greatest wing width (some distance back from the apex), 
shortening abruptly along both margins proximad of the distal third, 
there half shorter and from thence proximad more gradually shortening. 
Discal ciliation of the fore wing arranged across the widest part in 
about 6 longitudinal rows and between the fifth and sixth row in that 
part of the blade is a narrow, long elliptical bare space. Marginal vein 
about four and a half times longer than wide, terminating in a blunt 
point away from the cephalic margin and bearing three long setae. 
Dilatation of the fore wing caudad near base conspicuous,, opposite the 
marginal vein. Posterior wings without discal ciliation excepting the 
paired row along each edge arising from between the bases of the 
marginal cilia. 

Tibial spurs short, straight, single; none of the four tarsal joints 
are long; cephalic tibial spurs usual, that is longer, curved, forked at 
tip forming the usual strigil. Valves of ovipositor distinctly project- 
ing a short distance beyond the end of the abdomen. 

Antennae Q-jointed; scape one and a half times longer than the ped- 

[May. 'ri 


ic first funicle joint. 

icel, the latter obconic, very much larger than tr>ngth of the second 
The latter nearly globular, small, only a third the : funicle ; funicle 3 
funicle joint which is the longest joint of tilling distad ; 5 and u 
slightly shorter, 4 still somewhat shorter but wide ovate, as long as the 
subequal, slightly longer than the preceding. Club -ger than the scape. 
combined lengths of funicle joints 5 and 6, loffh optic, Bausch and 
(From i specimen, two-thirds inch objective, i-inc 
Lomb). tip. 

Male: The same but the abdomen is blunt at tlagellum, gradually 
Antennae 13-jointed, filiform; joints of the rter than funicle 2; 
lengthening distad but funicle I is a third sho'y longer; 10 to 11 
funicle 2 to 5 subequal; 6 to 9 subequal, slighlhe first funicle joint. 
equal, very slightly longer; pedicel shorter than t>- 
(From 2 specimens, the same objective and optic, specimens a pair 
Described from two male and one femalttte mounted on a 
first received from Professor C. P. Gilldple twigs. Proba- 
single slide labelled "Parasites found on ap" The third speci- 
bly from eggs of Aphis pomi, 1904, S. A. J.. Felt, of the New 
men, a male, was received from Dr. E. PrJst of Xew York, 
York State Museum and State Entomolo^Schodack, 24, Apr., 
also mounted on a slide labelled, "a 1456, E. 

'07." v York (E. Scho- 

Habitat: United States Colorado, Nev 
dack). ;tate Laboratory of 

Types: Accession No. 40.809, Illinois Sde and one female 
Natural History, Urbana, Illinois, one mv Cotype No. T v 
mounted on a single slide in balsam. Cofy^hington, D. C., one 
650, United States National Museum, Wa< 
male on a slide in balsam (New York). common species of 

This species is distinguished from the unusually long cilia- 
the genus as I find them in Illinois by its hcate appearance of 
tion of the wings and the finer, more del 
this ciliation. , m e in a letter that 

Postscript: Dr. E. P. Felt has stated t<, previously writtm 
the male specimen received from him, a^nra scrntldttt ( ). S.. 
above, was reared from the galls of Dasyn^rk, March 20, 11)07, 
taken on alder at East Schodack, New Ycfollowing. 
the parasites emerging the 24th of April 1 


New Records of Bees : Sphecodes and Prosopis 


BY JOHN H. LOVELL, Waldoboro, Maine. 
Sphecodes persimilis Lov. & Ckll. 

9 . Hampton, N. H., Sept. 12, 1909, S. A. Shaw. The 
specimen is a little smaller than the type, but otherwise is 
characteristic. The type is an unusually large bee for this 
genus, as it is nearly ten millimeters in length. 

Sphecodes ranunculi Robt. 

9 . Hampton, N. H., June 25, 1908, S. A. Shaw; also both 
sexes from Elkhart, Ind., R. J. Weith. When a bee is mono- 
tropic or oligotropic, the use of the generic name of the flower, 
which it visits, as a specific name for the insect is, at least, 
descriptive and may offset the objection to a noun in the geni- 
tive ; but when the bee is polytropic such names are misnomers 
and should be avoided. 

Sphecodes confertus Say. 

9 . Hampton, N. H., May 10 and 30, S. A. Shaw. Speci- 
mens of both sexes have been collected by R. J. Weith at Elk- 
hart, Ind. 

Say states that this species was collected in Indiana. While 
his description is very brief and indefinite, he mentions twice 
that the punctures are "dense" and twice that they are "close 
set," a degree of punctation which applies to the mesothoracic 
disc of 5\ falcifer Patton much better than to that of S. arren- 
sis of the same author. In the latter species the punctures are 
rather small and far apart, and the whole disc is smoother and 
more shining. S. confertus appears to be identical, therefore, 
with S. falcifer. The Indiana specimen before me, referred to 
S. confertus Say, has the disc of the mesothorax very densely 
and closely punctured so that it is nearly opaque. The female 
of S. falcifer Patton, according to the description, has the 
mandibles "unarmed" and the "labrum deeply emarginate." 
The Indiana specimen has simple mandibles" and the long 


labrum is notched at the apex. There seems to be no other spe- 
cies with which confertus can be identified, and I would, there- 
fore, regard S. falcifer Patton as a synonym of S. confertus 

Sphecodes shawi sp. nov. 

9 . Length 6 mm. Head and thorax black ; abdomen red, the apical 
segments tinged with black. Face finely and densely punctured, clothed 
with pale buff-colored pubescence ; clypeus with large dense punctures ; 
mandibles simple, red, the apices darker. Antennae black, the flagella 
largely red. The disc of the mesothorax finely and rather sparsely 
punctured, shining. Wings dusky hyaline, nervures and stigma dull 
ferruginous ; tegulae partially red ; the second submarginal cell is ex- 
tremely narrow, the distance between the ist and 2nd tranverse cubital 
nervures not much exceeding the width of the basal nervure. Legs 
black, clothed with buff-colored, plumose hairs, the apical tarsi red, 
exteriorly on the center of each hind tibia there is a long red spot. 
The enclosure on the disc of the metathorax is not well defined, 
coarsely reticulated. The abdomen is impunctate except for minute 
hair punctures. 

One specimen from Hampton, N. H., June 8, 1909, S. A. 
Shaw. In a part of its characters this species resembles 
S. pimpinellae which has the second sub-marginal cell very 
short, but the latter has the mandibles bidentate, the tegulae, 
tibiae and tarsi red, and is 7 mm. long. The species is dedi- 
cated to Mr. S. A. Shaw, a most diligent collector of the in- 
sects of New Hampshire, and whose specimens are more care- 
fully mounted than any others I have ever had the privilege 
of examining. 

Sphecodes heterus sp. nov. 

9. Length =; mm. Head and thorax black: abdomen red, 4th and 
5th segments black. Face densely and finely punctured, clothed with 
erravish-white pubescence: mandibles red with darker apices, bidentate ; 
labrum long with an apical median groove; clvpeus with a few sparse 
punctures. Antennae black, flagella brownish in front. Mesothornx 
shining, with rather small, sparse punctures. Wings hvaline, iridescent, 
nervures and stigma dark brown ; tegulae testaceous. Legs black. 
tarsi largely dark. Enclosure on disc of metathorax large and well 
defined, finely reticulated, rugae small. First abdominal segment nearly 
impunctate, 2nd and 3rd finely punctured at extreme base. 


Hampton, N. H., Sept. 9, 1909, S. A. Shaw. This species 
is allied to S. Icvis, but differs in the hyaline wings and the 
sculpturing of the metathorax ; in S. levis the ridges are paral- 

Sphecodes paraplesius sp. nov. 

$. length 3*/2 mm. Head and thorax black; abdomen red, apical 
segments black. Face closely and very finely punctured ; mandibles 
yellowish-red, apices darker; clypeus shining with a few sparse punc- 
tures. Antennae black, flagella reddish. Mesothorax smooth and 
shining, with fine, sparse punctures. Wings hyaline, the margins cloud- 
ed with dusky, nervures and stigma dark brown ; tegulae reddish 
testaceous. Enclosure on metathorax distinct, finely reticulated. Ab- 
domen impunctate, segments 1-3 bright red, the apical margins with 
yellowish reflection ; apical segments black. 

Kingston, R. I., June 10, received from Professor John Bar- 
low. This species and S. banksii are the two smallest species 
of Sphecodes known to me. The resemblance between them 
is so close that I should be inclined to refer them to the same 
species were it not for the fact that the mandibles of S. banksii 
are simple and those of S. paraplesius are distinctly bidentate, 
which according to some taxonomists would place them in 
different genera. In an attempt to segregate the genus Sphe- 
codes into a number of minor genera, the dentition of the man- 
dibles has been employed as a generic character ; but it does 
not appear well adapted for this purpose since it would separ- 
ate species apparently very closely allied. 

Sphecodes arvensis Patton. 

9 . Elkhart, Ind., R. J. Weith. This species is closely al- 
lied to S. dichrous Sm. 
Sphecodes illinoensis Robt. 

$ . Elkhart, Ind., R. J. Weith. A Small species with 
simple mandibles; enclosure on metathorax with parallel 

Prosopis telepora sp. nov. 

$ .Length 4 mm. Face marks pale yellow, elliptical ; the upward 
extensions tapering to a narrow streak along the eye margin ; tubercles 
nearly white, collar and tegulae upspotted ; tibiae in front more or less 


yellow, tarsi dark. Face closely and finely punctured ; clypeus im- 
punctate except for a few minute hair punctures, marked with very 
fine longitudinal striae. Antennae black, flagella chestnut brown be- 
hind. Disc of mesothorax finely and very closely punctured. Wings 
nearly hyaline, nervures and stigma chestnut brown ; tegulae black. 
Enclosure on metathorax well defined, with about six, short parallel 
rugae, the apical half without ridges but marked with minute, irregular, 
transverse striae. Abdomen broadly oblong, finely punctured all 
over, the lateral apical margins of segments 1-3 with thin fasciae. 

$ . Length 4 mm. Clypeus, supraclypeus and sides of face lemon 
yellow ; the lateral face marks are obliquely truncated opposite the 
sockets of the antennae, and from the center of each there extends 
perpendicularly upward a narrow stripe, sometimes slightly enlarged 
at the end ; the supraclypeal mark is longer than wide and terminates 
in an unnotched point between the antennae. Collar and tegulae un- 
spotted ; the tubercles are largely pale yellow ; the tibiae at base ex- 
teriorly and the tarsi are yellow. 

One female, May 31, and two males, April 9 and May 29, 
North Carolina, Southern Pines, A. H. Manee. A stout, little 
bee, not closely allied to any other species. 

Prosopis melitina sp. nov. 

$ . Length j 1 /! mm. A large robust bee only surpassed in size 
among New England species by P. basalis. Black ; the lateral face 
marks irregularly triangular, the upward extensions narrow, obliquely 
truncated opposite the eye sockets, lemon yellow. Collar and tegulae 
black; yellow spots on tubercles; anterior and intermediate legs black, 
but base of posterior tibiae pale yellow ; tarsi dark brown. Face and 
mesothorax closely and rather coarsely punctured, nearly opaque. 
Antennae wholly black. Clypeus with large, indistinct, shallow punc- 
tures. Wings nearly hyaline, their margins slightly clouded with 
fuscous, nervures and stigma dark brown. Enclosure of metathorax 
well defined, coarsely reticulated. Abdomen oblong, stout, nearly 
smooth, with white apical fasciae on the extreme lateral margins of the 
first segment ; segment i with microscopic hair punctures, punctures 
on segments 2 and 3 coarser but very fine. 

Hampton, N. H., July 4, 1907, S. A. Shaw. 

Prosopis ziziae Robt. 

Female, August 20, male, July 19 and Sept. 5, Hampton, 
N. H., S. A. Shaw. 


Prosopis pygmaea Cr. 

Male, June 8 and July 19, Hampton, N. H., S. A. Shaw. 

Prosopis variifrons Cr. 

Female, July 19; male, June 6, Hampton, N. H., S. A. 

Prosopis modesta Say. 

The female was taken June 25, the males, July 19 and Sept. 
6, at Hampton, N. H., by S. A. Shaw. One of the males has 
the first abdominal segment faintly and sparsely punctured all 
over; but in two other specimens the disc of the first segment 
is impunctate. The characters of this species are very well 
shown in a male and female from Washington County, Wis- 
consin, received from Dr. Graenicher. 

The Occurrence of the Mymarid Genus Anaphoidea 
Girault in England (Hymen.). 

BY A. A. GIRAULT, Urbana, Illinois. 

In a collection of beautifully prepared slide mounts of Brit- 
ish Mymaridae, loaned to me for study by Dr. L. O. Howard, 
I found a pair of specimens labelled Eustochus atrip ennis 
which, upon more recent examination, were found to represent 
a species of the genus Anaphoidea and hence wrongly identi- 
fied and labelled. The fact that these specimens were not 
Eustochus had been brought to my attention separately by both 
Dr. Howard and Mr. Fred. Knock, of London, more than two 
years ago, but their letters had been mislaid and were not 
found until I had reached the same conclusion independently. 
The specimens represent a new species which is described here- 

Anaphoidea diana sp. n. 

Female. Length, 0.65 mm. Moderately small ; normal. 

Similar to the other three species of the genus but at once distin- 
guished from the type species in being smaller, the funicle joints of the 
antennae shorter, the second funicle joint of the antenna distinctly 


shorter than the third, not more than twice the length of the first, in 
having slightly narrower fore wings and in being brown* instead of 
black. From conotracheli it differs first in being brown in color, sec- 
ondly and of more importance, in having a shorter second funicle 
joint, not slightly but distinctly shorter than the third, also narrower 
and in having from 8-14 cilia in the midlongitudinal line of the posterior 
wings nearly as in sordidata. From the species pullicrura it differs 
also in being brown in color but more noticeably, as in conotracheli, 
in having the proportionally shorter second funicle joint, the longer 
midlongitudinal line of discal cilia in the posterior wings ; also slight- 
broader fore wings (from 10-13 longitudinal lines of discal cilia across 
the widest blade portion). The male is similar to the female excepting 
the secondary characters of sex. 

The following details are all considered necessary to add here : 
Color uniformly brown, the abdomen darker, the antennae and tibiae 
somewhat lighter, the trochanters, knees, tips of tibiae and proximal 
three tarsal joints pallid yellowish; distal joint of club longer than 
the other. 

Male. The same. Antennae 12-jointed, normal; funicle joints shorter 
than in sordidata, nearly as in conotracheli. 

Described from one male and one female mounted in bal- 
sam on separate slides, each slide labelled, "Fred. Knock, Pre- 
parer. Order Hymenoptera, Family Mymaridae, Genus Eus- 
tochus, Species atripennis. $ (or $~). A Fairy Fly. Spot 
lens 2-inch to */2-inch." 

Habitat. England (London or vicinity ?). 

Types. Type No. 13,663, United States National Museum, 
Washington, D. C. 

One male, one female in balsam, two slides. 

At the Massachusetts Agricultural College Dr. Guy Chester Cramp- 
ton has been appointed associate professor of entomology. Dr. Cramp- 
ton is a native of Alabama. He graduated from Princeton in 1904, 
took two years of graduate work at Cornell University, receiving his 
M.A. there in 1905, followed by two years at the universities of Frei- 
burg, Munich and Berlin, where he received his Ph.D. in 1908. He was 
an instructor in biology at Princeton from 1908 to 1910 and since the 
summer of 1910 has been professor of zoology at Clemson College. 

* It must be taken into consideration that the specimens have been 
in balsam for many years and may have faded from black to brownish 


A new Coccid on Ledum (Hemip.)- 
BY T. D. A. COCKERELL, Boulder, Colorado. 

I have just received from Dr. E. P. Felt a small Dactylopiine 
Coccid collected on small twigs of Ledum groenlandicum (fam. 
Ericaceae) at Sand Lake, N. Y., July 14, 1910. To my aston- 
ishment, it proves to belong to that section of Pseudococcus 
represented by the widely-spread tropical P. filamentosus 
(Ckll.) and P. hymcnoclcae (Ckll.) of the Arizona desert 
country. Lcdum groenlandicum, according to Britton, occurs 
from Greenland to British Columbia, Massachusetts, New Jer- 
sey and Wisconsin. Pseudococcus ledi is very much like P. 
filamentosus, but differs in various details ; the most noticeable 
peculiarity is the hump near the base of the tibia on the outer 
side. The legs and antennae are very short and stout. The 
microscopic measurements are in microns. 

Pseudococcus ledi n. sp. 

$ . Length about 2 mm., broad oval, densely covered with mealy 
secretion, which is strongly tinged with pale yellow ; on boiling in 
caustic potash the insect appears dark blue-green, but the skin is 
colorless and transparent ; antennae and legs very pale brown ; an- 
tennae short and stout, first joint very large, last joint with both hairs 
and curved spines, as in the genus Rhisoecus (cf. Newstead, British 
Coccidse, vol. 2, pi. LXIX. f. 8) ; antennas 7-jointed, the joints measur- 
ing (i.) about 50 long, (2.) about 28 long and 30 wide, (3.) 25 long, 
(4.) 25 long, (5.) 20 long, (6.) 25 long, (7.) 63 long and 23 wide; ter- 
minal hairs of seventh joint about 28 long; so-called mentum dimerous, 
not elongated, about 120 long and 85 wide at base, its bristles very 
small; anal ring with six stout bristles, about 158 long; caudal lobes 
low, with bristles little longer than those of anal ring, and the usual 
round glands and short spine-like structures ; legs very short and 
stout, claw stout, with a rudimentary denticle or protuberance near the 
base, not always evident ; claw digitules well knobbed ; femur with 
trochanter about 163; tibia about 75, humped near base; tarsus (ex- 
cluding claw) about 53; width of femur 53. 

MR. ROLAND TRIMEN, F. R. S., well-known for his work on South 
African Lepidoptera was recently the recipient of the Darwin Medal 
of the Royal Society of London. 


Additions and Corrections to " The Genotypes of 
the Sawflies and Woodwasps, or the Super- 
family Tenthredinoidea '' (Hymen.). 

BY S. A. ROHWER, Bureau of Entomology, U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

In the paper above quoted, published as Part 2, Technical 
Series No. 20, Bureau of Entomology, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, March 4, 1911, certain corrections and 
additions are necessary. 

A careful study of Panzer's "Faunae Insectorum Germanicse 
initia, oder Deutschlands Insecten gesammelt und herausgege- 
ben," discloses the fact that some of the genera were described 
earlier than they had heretofore been supposed to have been. 
The results of this study make certain changes necessary. Cer- 
tain generic names heretofore overlooked are also added. To 
make the work complete, with the corrections, the species 
should be added to the list of genotypes. 

P. 73. Replace Allantus as it is with : 

Allantus Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VII p. 82, T. 12, 1801. 

Type: Tenthredo (Allantus) togata Panzer, Monobasic. 
P. 74. Accredit Astatus to Panzer not Jurine. 
P. 76. Insert following Celidoptera : 

Cepha Billberg, Enumeratio Insectorum p. 98, 1820. 
Type: Sirex tibida Fabricius (Monobasic). 
=Trachelus Jurine (isogenotypic). 
P. 76. Replace Cephaleia as it is with : 

Cephalcia Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VIII p. 86, T. 9, 1805. 
Type : Cephalcia arvensis Panzer. 

= Tenthredo signata Fabricius. 
Insert following Cephalcia : 

Cephaleia Jurine, Nouv. Method. Class. Hym. p. 68, 1807. 
Type : Cephalcia arvensis Panzer. 
= Tenthredo signata Fabricius. 
= Cephalcia Panzer, Isogenotypic. 
P. 77. Insert following Corynophilus : 

Cristiger Gistel, Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs p. 144, 1848. 
Type: Diprion pini (Linnaeus), Monobasic. 
= Diprion Schrank. Isogenotypic. 


P. 77. Strike out " = Nematus Jurine" following Croesus Leach. 
Croesus, Leach is a good genus. 
Replace Cryptus as it'is with: 

Cryptus Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VIII p. 88, T. 17, 1805. 

(non Fabricius 1804.) 

Type: Cryptus segmcntarius Panzer, Monobasic. 
=Arge Schrank. 
P. 78. Replace Dolerus as it is with : 

Dolerus Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VII p. 82, T. 11, 1801. 
Type : Tenthrcdo (Dolerus) pedestris Panzer. 

= Tenthredo pratensis Linnaeus. 
P. 79. Following Einphytus insert : 

=Allantus Panzer. 
Insert following Erythraspides : 

Eudryas Gistel, Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs, p. viii, 1848. 
n. n. for Cladius Rossi (not Cladium Schrader in plants). 
= Cladius Rossi. 
P. 80. After Holcocneme Konow insert : 

= Nematus Panzer. 
P. 84. Replace Neinatus as it is with : 

Nematus Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VII p. 82, T. 10, 1801. 

Type : Tenthredo (Nematus) lucida Panzer, Monobasic. 
P. 87. Following Poecilosoma add : 

not Hubner 1816; not Stephens 1829, etc. 
P. 87. Insert following Polystichophagus : 

Polytaxonus MacGillivray, Can. Ent. vol. 40, p. 368. 1908. 

Type: Taxonus robustus Provancher (designated). 
P. 88. Insert following Probleta : 

Prosecris Gistel, Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs p. X, 1848. 
n. n. for Poecilostoma Dahlbom. 
=Empria Lepelletier. 
Replace Pier onus as it is with : 

Pteronus Panzer, Fauna. Insect. German. VIII p. 87, T. 17, 1805. 
Type: Tenthredo pini Linnaeus, Monobasic. 
= Diprion Schrank, Isogenotypic. 
P. 89. Insert following Spaecophilus : 

Sterictiphora Billberg, Enumeratio Insectorum p. 99, 1820. 
Type: Hylotoina furcata Fabricius (designated, monobasic). 
= (Schizocera Lepelletier 1828, isogenotypic). 

P. 99. The remarks about Croesus Leach being a synonym of Nema- 
tus are incorrect. Nematus must date from Panzer 1801, where it is 
monobasic and will replace Holcocneme Konow. The remarks under 
Nematinus Rohwer are not in accord with these findings, but since 
Nematus Panzer must replace Holcocneme Konow, Nematinus Rohwer 
still replaces Nematus Konow. 
P. 101. For Schultz read Schulz. 


A New Variety of Chionobas. 

By HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Chionobas alberta oslari n. var. 

Male expands 41 mm. and the female 45 mm. 

Male. Primaries : Upperside smoky brown with a wide reddish 
brown band crossing the wing from near the costa to the inner margin, 
broken into quadrate spots by the nervures. On the first and third 
of these are distinct black spots or points and sometimes a faint black 
point on the central quadrate spot. 

Primaries. Underside yellowish brown with the upper and lower 
black point repeated; a black line extends from the costa to the inner 
margin, running parallel to the end of the discoidal cell, then bends 
inwardly to the lower point of the cell and thence to the inner margin. 
The outer end of the cell is black. 

Secondaries. Above smoky brown with margins edged with fuscous 
and a distinct black spot near anal angle. Below marbled with black 
and white with two black parallel stripes or lines crossing the wing from 
the costa to the inner margin; they commence near the middle of the 
costa about 5 mm. apart. The females are similar in markings to the 

This variety is larger than any alberta I have seen. In color 
and markings on the upper side it very much resembles C. 
katahdin. On the under side it is the exact counterpart of C. 
alberta. It probably expresses the relationship between a 
mountain and a plains form. Described from two males and 
two females taken by E. J. Oslar in Deer Creek Canyon, Colo- 
rado, September 25, 1909. Types in collection of the Acad- 
emy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

COUAS BEHRI. From observations which I made, I am inclined to 
believe that the natural haunts of these Alpine insects is in the high 
Southern Sierras and that * * * Mt. Lyell (Middle Sierras) is prac- 
tically their northern range. They are not uncommon at altitudes 
above 10,500 feet in the Southern Sierras (you can almost say that 
you have reached this altitude by the abruptness with which they com- 
mence there) and may be seen on pleasant days the usual thing 
there in early July, flitting from place to place along the meadow-like 
margins of the Alpine streams and lakes (no true meadows are there 
it has too recently recovered itself from the ice cap). I neglected to 
trace a female to find the food plant, but believe that it must be a spe- 
cies of alpine lupine, as that was the only leguminous plant there and 
it was quite abundant. EDWIN C VANDYKE, San Francisco, Cali- 


A new Gomphus (Odonata). 

By RICHARD A. MUTTKOWSKI, Public Museum, Milwaukee, 


Gomphus brimleyi sp. nov. 

Colors olivaceous green and brown on head and thorax, yellow and 
black on abdomen. 

$. Face olivaceous green, a line of pale brown at the upper end of 
the labrum and on the suture of nasus and f rons ; otherwise immacu- 
late. Frontal ridge narrowly edged with yellow. Vertex black, the 
postocellar ridge each side with a rounded spot above the lateral ocel- 
lus, the two spots connected by a fine line of green. A ring of white 
around the base of each antenna. Occiput olive, flatly curved. Head 
yellow behind, a vague black stripe from the occipital edge of the eyes 
to the foramen, which is narrowly margined with black. 

Prothorax brown above, the anterior edge lined with olivaceous 
green ; a median geminate dorsal spot, a latero-dorsal and latero-inf er- 
ior spots of olive. Posterior lobe short, straight, olive, the extreme 
edge lined with brown. 

Thorax olivaceous green, marked with brown. Dorsal carina pale. 
a stripe of brown on each side, both coming together to a point at the 
antealar sinus, each stripe widening in front to twice the width at the 
carinal spine, but not reaching the olive collar. Antehumeral brown, 
narrowed above to a point, separated from the humeral by a pale stripe 
one half its width. Humeral as wide as the antehumeral, but widening 
above to twice the medial width. Sides with a stripe of brown on the 
first and second lateral sutures, the first as wide as the antehumeral, 
the second half as wide; each extending in a fine sutural line to the 
coxae. Interalar spaces olive, the wing bases tipped with yellow. Legs 
brown, the femora beneath and the tibiae externally, olivaceous. Tarsi 
uniformly brown, except the first and second joints of the hind tarsi, 
which have a superior yellow line. 

Abdomen black and yellow, olive at the sides on the basal segments. 
Dorsum with a well-defined line of yellow on i to 8, l /i mm. wide, 
growing brighter yellow toward the apical segments, interrupted nar- 
rowly at the joints. The line ends on 8 at two-thirds in an elongated 
triangle, which is continued to the apex of the segment in a very nar- 
row line. Segments 7-9 with the extreme apex edged with yellow. 
Sides of 1-2, and 3 basally, with lower half olivaceous yellow, 4-6 with 
indeterminate yellow laterally, 7-10 with inferior half bright yellow. 
Segment 9 black above, 10 brown. Appendages brown, black at tips. 

Appendages as long as 10. Superiors divaricate, externally truncate, 
an inner triangular prolongation one half the length of the appendage. 


[May, 'ii 

Inferiors slightly shorter, straight, the extreme apex upturned. Viewed 
laterally, the superior appendage angled at one half, then emarginate 
to three fifths, a small tubercle at the distal end of the emargination, 
an obtuse angle shortly before the acute apices. 

9 . Similar to the male. Occiput very flatly trilobed, the median 
lobe occupying the middle two fourths. Abdomen with more yellow 
on the sides, 10 with a vague line of yellow above. Vulvar lamina 
very short, one eighth the length of 9, emarginate, the lobes somewhat 

Gomphus cavillaris Needham, cf $, figs, i, 3, 5, 7. 
brimleyi n. sp., cf ?, figs. 2, 4, 6, 8. 

Wings hyaline, stigma rufous, costa green. Antenodals, fore wings 
9-10, hind wings 7-8. Postnodals 6-7 on all wings. Rows of cells be- 
yond triangle in fore wing extremely variable, some specimens having 
only one row to close to the level of the nodus, others having two com- 
plete rows, while some are intermediate. 

Abdomen: $ 26-27 mm., $ 24-27 mm. Hind wing: $ 20-22 mm., 
$ 21-22 mm. 

Described from four males and three females, all from 
White Lake, Bladen Co., North Carolina, mid-April, 1910, sent 
to me by Mr. C. S. Brimley. $ holotype, 9 allotype, and 
paratype $ and ? in collection Milwaukee Public Museum. 
The remaining three paratypes in collection Brimley. 

In a recent letter Mr. Brimley writes: "The Gomphi were 
all collected by Mr. Franklin Sherman, our State Entomolo- 
gist, in open pine woods, near the banks of White Lake in Bla- 


den County. He says that they frequented the more open 
spots in the woods, settling on the ground. Years ago he and 
I collected some of the same species at Lumberton, along the 
banks of the Lumber River and in the adjoining mixed woods. 
These last acted in the same manner as G. e.rilis and sordidus; 
that is to say, they kept in the woods, settling on the ground in 
open spaces, but not flying out over the river. 

"I have also a spread specimen from Southern Pines, mak- 
ing three localities (Southern Pines, White Lake and Lumber- 
ton), all in southeastern North Carolina, from which we have 
had this species." 

With great pleasure I dedicate this new Gomphus to Mr. 
C. S. Brirnley, the collector, whose painstaking collections have 
furnished the basis for frequent Odonatological notes by vari- 
ous authors. 

This is the smallest Gomphus known.* It is closely related 
to G. cavillaris Needham, but undoubtedly distinct. Besides 
its smaller size, it can be readily recognized by the well defined 
line of yellow on a black background on the abdomen vague 
and on a brown background in cavillaris. The appendages of 
the $ are narrower and the prolongation more attenuated than 
in cavillaris. The 9 vtilvars are rounded, the emargination 
not angled ; angulate, and the emargination angled in cavillaris, 
as can be readily seen from the figures. (The vulvars of G. 
cavillaris are somewhat overdrawn, as their true proportion to 
the length of the segment is I :io). 

THE CURCULIONIDS of the Biologia Centrali- Americana, worked out 
by Mr. G. C. Champion, have been presented by Dr. F. D. Godman to 
the British Museum of Natural History; they number 2.617 species 
and about IQ.OOO specimens. Mr. Champion is now working at the 
remainder of the Curculionids (Otiorhynchids) commenced by Dr. 
David Sharp, and hopes to get through them this summer. This will 
finish the whole of the Coleoptera of the Biologia. 

[*The dimensions given for Gomphus naci'ius Hagen, from Maine, 
by the late Professor F. L. Harvey, are smaller than those here stated 
for G. brimleyi. See Ent. News, IX, p. 63, 1898. P. P. C.] 


Endaphis hirta n. sp. (Dipt.). 

BY E. P. FELT, Albany, N. Y. 

The species described below was reared by Mr. E. E. Green 
in June, 1894, from a Dactylopius on Mimiisops hexandra, Tan- 
galla, Ceylon, and transmitted to Dr. L. O. Howard, through 
whose courtesy we are permitted to describe it, under date of 
December 3, 1895. The form is so unique that we feel justi- 
fied in describing it though the specimen is in poor condition. 

Male. Length 1.5 mm. Antennae as long as the body, thickly haired, 
light fuscous yellowish, yellowish basally.; 14 segments, the first broad- 
ly obconic, somewhat excavated and with a slight tooth dorsally, the 
second short, subhemispheric, the third slightly fused with the fourth, 
the fifth binodose, the basal portion of the stem with a length a little 
greater than its diameter, the distal part with a length twice its 
diameter; basal enlargement a very oblate spheroid; 'the subbasal 
whorl very thick, the setae long, stout and almost approximate basally; 
the circumfili stout, the loops numerous and extending nearly to the 
base of the practically identical distal enlargement; terminal segment 
having the basal enlargement subglobose, the basal portion of the 
stem with a length nearly twice its diameter, the distal enlargement 
slightly produced, with a length about 34 its diameter and with a short, 
stout apical appendage. Palpi yellowish, the first segment subrectan- 
gular, the second narrowly oval, the third a little .longer and more 
slender, the fourth as long as the third, somewhat dilated. Mesonotum 
fuscous yellowish. Scutellum and postscutellum yellowish. Abdomen 
fuscous yellowish. Wings thickly clothed with long, scale-like hairs. 
Costa yellowish brown, subcosta uniting therewith near the basal 
third, the third vein well before the apex. Halteres yellowish trans- 
parent, fuscous apically. Coxae yellowish, femora fuscous yellowish, 
tibiae and tarsi mostly fuscous. Claws very strongly curved, probably 
simple, the pulvilli not visible in the preparation. Genitalia wanting. 

Type in the United States National Museum. 

This species is easily differentiated from all other forms 
known to the writer by the extremely thick sub-basal whorl of 
long, stout setae on the enlargements of the flagellate seg- 
ments. These setae are so numerous as to be almost approxi- 
mate basally and arranged in a practically straight row. 

DR. SAMUEL H. SCUDDER has been elected a foreign member of the 
Zoological Society of London. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change in form and without covers, will be given free, when they are 
wanted; if more than twenty-five copies are desired, this should be stated 
on the MS. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. Proof will 
be sent to authors for cotrection only when specially requested. Ed. 



Dr. W. E. Britton, State Entomologist of Connecticut, in his 
report for the year 1910, gives a most interesting account of 
his efforts to rid the State of the Gypsy Moth, discovered at 
Wallingford in December, 1909. It is to be hoped that he has 
eradicated this terrible pest in the locality mentioned. The 
work was thoroughly done and nothing omitted that knowledge 
and experience of the subject made possible. 

"While working in a tree, one of the men, Mr. R. W. Bol- 
ton, observed a Gypsy caterpillar crawling along a telephone 
cable which passed between the branches of the tree. This 
method of spreading may account for the caterpillars appear- 
ing in certain trees where all egg-masses had been destroyed 
and a tanglefoot band placed around the trunk. Telephone 
wires passed directly from infested trees into these described." 
One egg-mass was said to contain 1,485 eggs. 

A summary of the work may prove interesting. Egg-masses 
destroyed, 8234: trees banded with burlap. 10,000; trees band 
ed with tanglefoot, 365 ; trees pruned, 904 ; cavities filled with 
cement. 27; cavities covered with tin patches. 1050: caterpil- 
lars destroyed at burlap bands, 8936 ; cocoons destroyed, 95 ; 
number of trees found infested. 248 ; amount of lead arsenate 
used, pounds, 768; tanglefoot used, pounds. 120; burlap used, 
yards, 2493: number of men employed, maximum, 18; cost of 
the work at Wallingford, $3823.24. 

If these insects had been left to their own devices the next 
generation of moths would have produced over two hundred 
millions of caterpillars. H. S. 



Notes and News. 


CICINDELA UNICOLOR Dej. Mr. Edw. D. Harris writes from Camden, 
South Carolina, under date of March 19, "I am taking very fine spec- 
imens of this species here." 

A SPECIAL COMMISSION, to be despatched by the British South Africa 
Company to investigate sleeping sickness in Rhodesia, will include 
Mr. O. Silverlock as entomologist. SCIENCE. 

THE article entitled "A Day with Euchloe cethura," published in the 
NEWS for January, ign, page 11, should be credited to Messrs. Karl 
R. Coolidge and Victor L. Clemence as joint authors, and not to Mr. 
Coolidge alone. 

DR. W. J. HOLLAND, director of the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 
author of the Butterfly Book, the Moth Book and numerous other 
works on Lepidoptera, has received from the Czar of Russia, the insig- 
nia of a knight of the order of St. Stanislas, second class, in recog- 
nition of his services to science. 

DOG AND CAT FLEAS NOT IDENTICAL. At the meeting of the Entomo- 
logical Society of London, on Nov. 16, 1910, the Hon. N. C. Rothschild 
exhibited examples of two species of fleas, Ctenocephalus canis (dog 
flea) and C. felis (cat flea), and stated that, although still frequently 
considered to be identical, they were really quite distinct species. Under 
the microscope it was seen that whereas the head of the dog flea was 
rounded, that of the cat flea was long and flat. The two had been 
united by Dr. Taschenberg under the name of serraticeps, a name which 
most certainly could not be retained. 

TIMETES. Since the publication of the note on Timetes peleus, on 
page in, of the NEWS for March, 1911, I have received additional 
information from Mrs. Annie Trumbull Slosson and Mr. Philip Lau- 
rent. Mrs. Slosson writes as follows : "Your note on Timetes inter 
ests me. I have recognized but one species in Florida and that you 
identified for me as eleucha years ago. I am sending you three spec- 
imens. Their habit of flight is so peculiar that they are difficult to 
capture. They fly very high in the tops of the highest trees, rarely 
coming lower and their thin, delicate, fragile tails break so easily that 
it is hard to secure perfect specimens." 

I was in error in calling the specimen eleucha that Mrs. Slosson sent 
me from Biscayne Bay, Florida. Mr. Laurent says he found the spec- 
ies very common south of Miami, Florida. The specimens he has sent 
me were taken on various days during the month of March. Mr. Lau- 
rent says that all he took were more or less damaged. All of these 
specimens were peleus Sulz. (petreus Cramer). HENRY SKINNER. 


of the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology in Berkeley, has been kind enough 
to send me a bottle with 46 specimens of this curious beetle. The bot- 
tle had the following label : "Taken from fur around nose and face of 
Beaver (Castor canadensis) from Graycom, Stanislaus Co., Calif, (on 
San Joaquin R.) March 25, 1911." 

DR. A. FENYES, of Pasadena, California, recently elected a Fellow 
of the Entomological Society of London, has presented four boxes con- 
taining an admirable collection of North American Aleocharinae 
(Coleoptera) to the Society which, in the absence of any collections 
belonging exclusively to the Society, have been transferred to the 
British Museum of Natural History. ENTOMOLOGIST (London), Jan- 
uary, 1911. 

I shall be pleased to exchange specimens of this interesting species 
for beetles of the Staphylinid subfamily Aleocharinae, in which latter 
group I am especially interested. ADALBERT FENYES, M.D., Pasadena, 

MIASTOR LARVAE. These remarkably interesting larvae, reproduced 
by pedogenesis, are available for laboratory work to a marked degree 
and must be widely distributed as well as allied forms. Very little is 
known concerning American species, largely because their habitat is 
one rarely explored by entomologists. They breed mostly in decaying 
vegetable matter. We have been very successful in finding them under 
partially decayed chestnut bark of stumps, fence rails and sleepers 
which have been cut one or two years earlier. European species have 
been observed under the bark of a variety of trees and even in sugar 
beet residue. These Dipterous maggots with diverging antennae have 
a flattened, triangular head quite different from the strongly convex, 
usually fuscous head of the Sciara larvae occurring in a similar envir- 
onment. They have a length of from 1-20 to ]4, of an inch and may 
be found in colonies containing a few large, white larvae with numer- 
ous smaller, yellowish individuals, though the latter appear more com- 
mon at the present time. Early spring with its abundance of moist 
bark appears to be the most favorable season for finding the larvae. 
The writer would welcome the co-operation of entomologists and 
others in searching for these forms in different parts of the country. 
He will be pleased to determine specimens found under various con- 
ditions, make rearings therefrom if possible, and thus add to our 
knowledge of the sub-family Heteropezinae, a group which should be 
fairly abundant in North America and one deserving careful study.- 
E. P. FELT, State Entomologist's Office, Albany, N. Y. 

[Dr. Felt has published a more extended note on Miastor larvae in 
Science for Feb. 24 1911, page 302. ED.] 


A NEW HEMILEUCA. At the November 2ist, 1910, meeting of the Man- 
chester (England) Entomological Society, as reported in the Entomo- 
logist (London) for January, 1911, Mr. J. H. Watson exhibited "a 
new moth belonging to an aberrant group of the Saturnidae (HemileucJ 
sp.) allied to H. neunwegeni (H. Edwards), the specimens bred from 
pupae collected in the neighborhood of the Truckee Pass, on the Cal- 
ifornia-Nevada divide of the Rocky Mountains." 

FLIES AND DISEASE. At the December, 1910, meeting of the newly 
organized Helminthological Society of Washington, Dr. C. W. Stiles 
discussed the subject of rural sanitation with special reference to the 
disposal of faeces. In comparing the relative merits of the dry and 
wet systems of disposal, he said : "Flies feed and breed in the dry sys- 
tem. In one place about 80 privies were examined. Although lime 
was furnished free, it was only used generously in three cases, and 
flies were breeding in these places as in the others. The faeces are 
collected in wagons and buried; burial under a foot of soil being recom- 
mended. The carts carry and distribute flies. Experiments showed 
that flies developed and crawled up to the surface from fly-blown 
faeces buried under six and a half inches of sand ; they came through 
17 inches in 24 hours ; and flies issued after burial under 48 inches of 
sand. Flies were obtained even after burial under six feet of sand. 
In the last two cases, the sand used was not sterilized but was pure 
sand carefully selected. These are final arguments against the dry 
system. The system favors the sporulation of amoebae. Flies can 
bring to the surface and distribute amoebae spores or typhoid bacilli. 
Under some circumstances privies may be more important than the 
manure piles as breeding places for flies." SCIENCE, Feb. 3, 1911. 

New York Academy of Science, Section of Biology, Dec. 12, IQIO, Mr. 
Ignaz Matausch exhibited a series of six enlarged models in wax which 
he had prepared for the American Museum of Natural History, as well 
as a series of twenty-three colored drawings and a collection of typical 
specimens which had been sent him by Professor F. Silvestri, of 
Portici, Italy. The Membracidre, or tree-hoppers, are among the most 
interesting of insects. Very little is yet known concerning their life 
histories, a subject to which the speaker said he had devoted consider- 
able attention. They are remarkable for their extraordinary variation 
in the form of the prothorax. In order to make an enlarged model 
it is necessary to dismember the insect and to prepare drawings of the 
different parts to a selected scale. The separate parts are then copied 
in clay; plaster molds are then prepared and casts made in wax. 
These are then finished, the details put in, and the whole put together 
and colored. Science. 


ing suggestion occurs in a recent letter.] I want to get more observa- 
tions on our old gravel pits especially. They offer a great opportunity, 
but my time has always been too limited to avail myself of it. I be- 
lieve, however, that these old pits have a richer dragonfly fauna a few 
years after they are abandoned, than they have in later years. The 
dragonflies reach the ponds first their enemies or checks of some sort 
come later. This may go a long way to explain the uniformity of 
odonate life in old marshes such as coastal brackish marshes a few 
widely distributed species a dead level of adaptation. no ebb or flow 
of new odonate life across it. In the newly made pools (ox bow bends, 
bayous, pools at foot of cliffs along rivers, pools in parks, gravel pits, 
etc.) occur the rarer (i, e., more isolated, scattered) species to last a 
greater or lesser number of years and give way to a few common, wide- 
ly distributed species. I don't mean that the common widely distributed 
species necessarily drive away the others possibly in later years fish 
get established in the ponds, and the first dragonfly occupants are 
checked or exterminated by fish, which do not prey on later arrivals. 
E. B. WILLIAMSON, Bluffton, Indiana. 

part of August when I was out collecting, that my attention was called 
to a web which looked to me like a spider's nest, on a small ailan- 
thus bush. By investigating more closely, I saw a chrysalis suspended 
in the web. Not knowing what it was, I took it home, and several 
days after, a small moth emerged and proved to be Atteva aurea. 
As I knew the food plant now, I looked in the same neighborhood and 
found several similar webs containing newly hatched, as well as full 
grown, larvae and also chrysalids in them. The full grown larva is 
about i% inches long, blackish, with a distinct brown stripe all along 
its back, while the sides are dotted with fine white spots. When dis- 
turbed the larva moves quite actively in the web. Looking for eggs, 
1 found some attached to the web, distributed half an inch apart from 
each other, and this method of laying the eggs very likely accounts 
for the finding of newly-hatched caterpillars, as well as full grown 
larvae in the same web. The larva turns into a chrysalis in the same 
web. Previously to finding these, I occasionally took the moths in 
July, sitting on the flowers of the button ball bush, iron weed, etc.. 
but never later. But this proves that the moths must be double 
brooded around Philadelphia, as all the moths hatched in September 
and October. As far as I could find out, there is no record as to 
food plant or life history of this little moth, but should any other col- 
tors have made any observations in this respect, I would like to hear 
from them. CARL ILG, 2728 Somerset St., Philadelphia. 


DINNER IN HONOR of MR. D. K. MCMILLAN. The departure from 
Brownsville, Texas, of Mr. D. K. McMillan, Bureau of Entomology, 
was the occasion of a farewell dinner given in his honor by other 
entomologists stationed there. Matamoros, Mexico, just across the 
river from Brownsville, was the scene df the entertainment, which was 
held on the night of March 8, 1911. The dinner was given in the 
French restaurant, and was followed by a theatre and "Boliche" party. 
Mr. McMillan was engaged in truck crop insect investigations in the 
Brownsville country. He will go North to take a position in Illinois 
under Dr. Forbes, and will investigate insects injurious to vegetables 
in the vicinity of Chicago. Besides the guest of honor, the following 
were present: Mr. R. A. Vickery, of the Cereal and Forage Crop 
Insect Investigations, Bureau of Entomology ; Mr. M. M. High, of the 
Truck Crop and Stored Product Insect Investigations, Bureau of En- 
tomology, and Mr. T. E. Holloway, at present on furlough from the 
Bureau and engaged in parasite investigations for the Deli Experiment 
Station, of Sumatra. 

For several years the University of Michigan Museum and the Mich- 
igan Geological and Biological Survey have been co-operating in a 
biological survey of the State. The survey has had a small annual 
appropriation for this work, and has deposited the collections in the 
museum, but the expeditions sent out from the latter have nearly all 
been made possible by gifts from persons interested in the progress 
of the work or in the institution. 

In the summer of 1910, Hon. W. B. Mershon, Saginaw, Mich., placed 
in the hands of the chief field naturalist of the survey, who is also the 
head curator of the museum, a sum sufficient to send a small party to 
the Charity Islands in Saginaw Bay, for the purpose of investigating 
the fauna and flora. 

The men engaged to do the work and the groups to which they de- 
voted most of their time were as follows: W. W. Newcomb (butter- 
flies and moths), N. A. Wood (vertebrates), A. W. Andrews (beetles). 
Frederick Gaige (ants), C. K. Dodge (plants). The museum and 
survey are greatly indebted to these men, for they did the field work 
without other remuneration than their expenses, and are now preparing 
their results for publication. 

The results of the expedition will be published in various journals 
and in the annual reports of the Michigan Academy of Science under 
the common title "Results of the Mershon Expedition to the Charitv 
Islands, Lake Huron." As most of the field work was done in the late 
summer and fall, the survey plans to continue the work in the spring 
and early summer of 1911. ALEXANDER G. RUTHVEN, University of 
Michigan Museum (in Science). 


COUAS NASTES STRECKERI Gr. Grum-Grshimailo. Mr. Henry H. Ly- 
man has sent me the following: "I see in your supplement* a reference 
to a species streckeri described by Grote. Has his description ever 
been published in any American journal? If not, I wish you would get 
the editor of the ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS to re-publish this description 
in English, if the original description was in any other language, as I 
know nothing of this form." Gr. is the abbreviation used for Gr. Grum- 
Grshimailo and Mr. Lyman can't be blamed for taking it to stand for 
Grote. The International Entomological Congress, I believe, has a 
project on foot to adopt a uniform plan for authors' names. 

We have three specimens of Colias nastes in our collection, taken in 
the vicinity of Laggan, Alberta, by Mr. Thomas E. Bean. Mr. Bean 
also supplied Strecker with the material that found its way to Europe. 
I have compared our Canadian nastes with specimens from Europe and 
do not find any difference. In my opinion they do not deserve even a 
varietal name. HENRY SKINNER, M.D. 

[The original description by Gr. Grum-Grshimailo was published in 
Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 29,290, 1895, and is as follows : 

"Colias Nastes var. Streckeri. 

Forma ad. Col. cocandicam transitum efficiens. 

Alae $ 9. virescenti-sulphureae ; anticarum limbo externo latiore, 
disco in nervis rarius nigrescenti-consperso ; posticarum macula dis- 
cocellulari supra lurida, subtus permagna ad marginem externum ut 
in Col. cogene et cocandica bidentata rufa. 

Specimen unum hujus varietatis sub nomine 'Colias beliriif a 
lepidopterologo germanico D-re O. Staudinger anno 1891, quattuor 
specimina, in provincia Alberta ad Laggan collecta, a lepidopterologc 
americano Dom. H. Strecker, cujus in honorem hanc forman nomin- 
avi, accepi." 

This may be rendered into English as follows : 

Colias nastes var. streckeri. A form transitional to C. cocandica. 
Wings $ $ greenish-sulphur; external margin of the primaries wider, 
veins in the disc more thinly sprinkled with blackish; discocellular 
spot of the secondaries lurid above, below very large at the external 
margin bidentate reddish as in C. eogene and cocandica. 

I received one specimen of this variety under the name "Col:as 
behriif" from the German lepidopterologist, Dr. O. Staudinger in 1891, 
and four specimens, collected at Laggan in the province of Alberta, 
from the American lepidopterologist, Mr. H. Strecker, in whose honor 
I have named this form.] 

*A Synonymic Catl. North Am. Rhop. Suppl. No. i. Publ. by Amer- 
ican Entomological Society. 


very glad to publish the following reply from Dr. Felt to our inquiry 
concerning the fire in Albany. ED.] 

April 3, 1911. 

Thank you very much indeed for your query in regard to the recent 
fire in the State Capitol. 

The office of the State Entomologist is in Geological Hall and there- 
fore was not directly affected by the recent disastrous fire in the 
State Capitol. Unfortunately, we depend largely upon the reference 
works in the [State] library [in the Capitol] and it is probable that 
our bibliographic work will be seriously hampered for some months to 
come. It is gratifying to state that the office library, exceptionally 
efficient along economic lines in particular, escaped intact. E. P. FELT, 
State Entomologist. 

Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

4 The Canadian Entomologist. 5 Psyche, Cambridge, Mass. 
6 Journal, New York Entomological Society. 7 U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 8 The Entomolo- 
gist's Monthly Magazine, London. 9 The Entomologist, London. 
10 Nature, London. 11 Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 
London. 14 Proceedings, Zoological Society of London. 22 
Zoologischer Anzeiger, Leipzig. 35 Annales, Societe Entomolo- 
gique de Belgique. 38 Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. 40 So- 
cietas Entomologica, Zurich. 50 Proceedings, U. S. National Mu- 
seum. 62 Handlingar, Konglige Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademi- 
ens, Stockholm. 64 Annalen, K. k. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 
Wien. 69 Bolletino, Societa Italiana Entomologica. 81 Biologi- 
sches Centralblatt, Erlangen. 90 Revue Scientifique, Paris. 97 
Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Zoologie, Leipzig. 123 Bulletin, 
Wisconsin Natural History Society, Milwaukee. 143 Ohio Nat- 


uralist. 148 New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva. 
163 American Journal of Science, New Haven, Conn. 172 The 
American Museum Journal, New York. 180 Annals, Entomologi- 
cal Society of America. 182 Revue Russe d'Entomologie, St. 
Petersburg. 184 Journal of Experimental Zoology, Philadelphia. 
186 Journal of Economic Biology, London. 193 Entomologische 
Blatter, Nurnberg. 196 Arkiv for Zoologie, Stockholm. 198 Bio- 
logical Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. 
200 Bulletin Scientifique de la France et de la Belgique, Paris. 
216 Entomologische Zeitschrift, Stuttgart. 227 Memorias, In- 
stitute Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro. 240 Maine Agricultural 
Experiment Station, Orono. 248 Hawaii Agricultural Experiment 
Station, Honolulu. 259 Publications, Carnegie Institution of 
Washington. 279 Jenaische Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft, 
Jena. 284 Bulletin, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Re- 
union Mensuelle des Naturalistes du Museum, Paris. 317 Mittei- 
lungen der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft in Winterthur. 
318 Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Sciences. 319 
Annual Report and Transactions of the Manchester Entomologi- 
cal Society, Manchester (England). 320 Der Tropenpflanzer, 
Berlin. 321 Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 322 
Journal of Morphology, Philadelphia. 323 Annales de 1'Univer- 
site de Lyon. Nouvelle serie. I. Sciences, Medecine. 324 Journal 
of Animal Behavior, Cambridge, Mass. 325 Skandinavisches Ar- 
chiv fur Physiologic, Leipzig. 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Anon. Insect and fungoid pests (re- 
view of work done, etc.), 10, Ixxxvi, 161-162. Fullaway, D. T. 
Insects attacking the sweet potato in Hawaii, 248, Bull. No. 22, 9-31. 
Hartzell, F. Z. A preliminary report on grape insects, 148, Bui. 
No. 331, 485-581. Kirchner, O. von. Blumen und Insekten. Ihre 
Anpassungen aneinander und ihre gegenseitige Abhangigkeit. 436 
pp. Leipzig und Berlin. B. G. Teubner, 1911. Pearse, A. S. The 
influence of different color environments on the behavior of certain 
arthropods, 324, i, 79-l]<). Picado, C. Documents sur le mimetisme 
recueillis en Costa-Rica, 200, xliv, 89-108. Preuss, P. Ueber Schad- 
linge der Kokospalme, 320, xv, 59-91. Rosa, D. L'opera zoologica 
di E. H. Giglioli, 69, xli, 19-27. Washburn, F. L. 13th Report of 
the state entomologist of Minnesota to the governor for the years 
1909-1910. 184 pp. 

APTERA AND NEUROPTERA. Alderson, E. M. Notes on 
Chrysopa dorsalis, 8, xxii, 49-54. Atmore, E. A. Further Notes on 
Chrysopa dorsalis, 8, xxii, 54-56. Escherich, K. Termitenleben 
auf Ceylon. Neue Studien zur Soziologie der Tiere, zugleich ein 
Kapitel kolonialer Forstentomologie. Jena. Gustav Fischer, 1911. 


262 pp. Handlirsch, A. New paleozoic insects from the vicinity 
of Mazon Creek, Illinois (cont.), 163, xxxi, 297-326 (*). Jones & 
Horton. The orange thrips (Euthrips citri) : A report of the prog- 
ress for the years 1909 and 1910, 7, Bull, No. 99, pt. i, 16 pp. Mutt- 
kowski, R. A. Miscellaneous notes and records of dragon flies, 
123, viii, 170-179 (*). Rimsky-Korsakow, M. Ueber die systema- 
tische Stellung der Protura, 22, xxxvii, 164-168. Schmutz, K. Zur 
Kenntnis einiger neuen Thysanopterengenera (Tubilifera), 64, xxiii, 
273-281, 342-347. Wolley Dod, F. H. Habits of Smerinthus gemi- 
natus and cerisyi, 4, xliii, 104. Zawarzin, A. Histologische Stu- 
dien ueber Insekten. I. Das Herz der Aeschnalarven, 97, xcvii, 

ORTHOPTERA. Borelli, A. Mission geodesique de 1'equateur. 
Forficulides, 284, 1910, 156-158. Jensen, J. P. The structure and 
systematic importance of the spermatophores of crickets, 180, iv, 
63-66. Pocock, R. I. Remarks upon, and exhibition of two draw- 
ings illustrating an instance of ant-mimicry by the larvae of a 
species of Mantis; with a note on the mimicry of the larva of the 
Ceylonese Leaf-insect (Phyllium sp.?), 14, 1910, 837-840. .Zacher, 
F. Studien ueber das System der Protodermapteren, 22, xxx, 303- 

HEMIPTERA. Barber, H. G. Descriptions of some new He- 
miptera-Heteroptera, 6, xix, 23-31 (*). Bedau, K. Das Facetten- 
auge der Wasserwanzen, 97, xcvii, 417-456. Bergroth, E. New 
Neotropical Ploeariinae, 5, xviii, 15-20. Distant, W. L. Rhyncho- 
tal notes, LIII: Neotropical Pentatomidae, 11, vii, 242-258. Fulla- 
way, D. T. Description of a new Coccid species, Ceroputo am- 
bigua, with notes on its life-history and anatomy, 318, xii, 223- 
240 (*). Gadd, G. Contributions a 1'anatomie comparee des cigales 
et de Tettigonia viridis (Russian), 182, x, 205-213. Hodgkiss, H. E. 
-The apple and pear membracids, 148, Tech. Bui., No. 17, 81-112. 
Muir & Kershaw. On the homologies and mechanism of the 
mouth-parts of Hemiptera, 5, xviii, 1-12. Neiva, A. Beitraege zur 
Biologic des Conorhinus megistus, 227, ii, 207-212. Wilson, H. F. 
Notes on the synonymy of the genera included in the tribe 
Lachnini, 180, iv, 51-54. 

LEPIDOPTERA. A. L. Les diverses especes de Vers a Soie, 
90, xlix, 184. Barnes & McDunnough. Additions to list of Sphin- 
gidae of America, north of Mexico, 5, xviii, 34. Coolidge, C. R. 
Western Lepidoptera, IV, 5, xviii, 32-34. Druce H. Descriptions 
of some n. sp. of Heterocera from tropical South America, and 
two n. sp. of Geometridae from West Africa, 11, vii, 287-294. Her- 
rick, G. W. Notes on the life-history of the larch case-bearer 
(Coleophora laricella), 180, iv, 68-70. Johnas, W. Das Facetten- 


auge der Lepidopteren, 97, xcvii, 218-261. Newcomer, E. J. The 
life histories of two Lycaenid butterflies, 4, xliii, 83-88. Nurse, 

C. G. The duration of the larval stage in some of the Sesiidae, 9, 
xliv, 94-95. Peterson, E. Beitrage zur Anatomic und Histologie 
des Darmkanals der Schmetterlinge, 279, xlvii, 161-216. Schaus, W. 

New species of Heterocera from Costa Rica, VI, 11, vii, 262-286. 
Stierlin, R. Der Kiefernspinner als Waldverwuester, 317, 1910, 14- 
24. Strand, E. Notes on the cocoons and descriptions of four n. 
sp. of the genus Trichostibas, 11, vii, 237-241. Swett, L. W. 
Geometrid notes on the genus Hydriomena, 4, xliii, 73-82. Verson, 
E. Beitrag zur naheren Kenntnis der Hautung und der Hautungs- 
drusen bei Bombyx mori, 97, xcvii, 457-480. Watson, J. H. Notes 
on the life histories of certain species of the Saturnidae. Descrip- 
tion of a new species of Hemileuca from western Nevada, 319, 1910, 
22-34 (*). 

DIPTERA. Aldrich, J. M. Meigen 1800 once more, 4, xliii, 
108. Austen, E. E. On the occurrence in N. Am. of the European 
Eristalis oestraceus, 8, xxii, 63-64. Chittenden, F. H. The Aspara- 
gus Miner (Agromyza simplex), 7, Circ. No. 135, 5 pp. Coquillett, 

D. W. Ueber die Nomenklatur der Acalyptratengattungen nach 
Th. Beckers Katalog der palaarktischen Dipteren. Bd. 4, 38, xxx, 
62-64. Felt, E. P. A generic synopsis of the Itonidae, 6, xix, 31- 
62 (*). Summary of food habits of Amer. gall midges, 180, iv, 55-62. 
Fulton, B. B. The Stratiomyidae of Cedar Point, Sandusky, Ohio. 
143, xi, 299-301. Handlirsch, A. Zur Phylogenie und Flugelmor- 

phologie der Ptychopteriden, 64, xxiii, 262-272. Hendel, F. Ueber 
von Prof. J. M. Aldrich erhaltene und einige andere amerikanische 
Dipteren, 38, xxx, 19-46 (*). Herms, W. B. The photic reactions 
of Sarcophagial flies, especially Lucilia caesar and Calliphora vomi- 
toria, 184, x, 167-226. Hine, J. S. A new species of Nothomyia, 
143, xi, 301-302 (*). Holmes, S. J. The reactions of mosquitoes 
to light in different periods of their life history, 324, i, 29-32. 
Johannsen, O. A. The typhoid fly and its allies, 240 (University 
of Maine. Four insect pests. Pamphlet 401-1-11), 24 pp. Krogh, 
A. On the hydrostatic mechanism of the Corethra larva with an 
account of methods of microscopical gas analysis, 325, xxv, 183-203. 
Lutz, A. Zweiter Beitrag zur Kenntnis der brasilianischen Simu- 
liumarten, 227, ii, 213-267. Lutz, F. E. Flea carriers of the 
plague, 172, xi, 95-98. Experiments with Drosophila ampelophila 
concerning evolution, 259, No. 143, 40 pp. Massonnat, E. Contri- 
bution a 1'ettule des pupipares. 323, Fasc. 28, 388 pp. Moenkhaus, 
W. J. The effects of inbreeding and selection on the fertility, vigor 
and sex ratio of Drosophila ampelophila, 322, xxii, 123-154. Pat- 
terson T. L. Investigations into the habits of certain Sarcophagi- 


dae, 7, Tech. S'er., No. 19, pt. 3, 25-32 pp. Shipley, A. E. Rat 
fleas, 186, vi, 12-20. Stevens, N. M. Further studies on hetero- 
chromosomes in mosquitoes, 198, xx, 109-120. Thienemann, A. 
Das Sammeln von Puppenhauten der Chironomiden, 40, xxv, 99- 

COLEOPTERA. Aurivillius, C. Neue oder wenig bekannte 
Coleoptera Longicornia, 196, vii, No. 3, 44 pp. Bowditch, F. C. 
Notes on Diabrotica and descriptions of new species, 4, xliii, 89-97. 
Champlain, A. B. Some Carabidae taken in Connecticut, 5, xviii, 
35-36. Chittenden, F. H. A list of insects affecting stored cereals, 
7, Bull. No. 96, pt. 1, 18 pp. Fassl, A. H. Tropische Reisen, III. 
Die Erforschung des Monte Tolima, 216, xxiv, 263-264, 267-268. 
Girault & Zetek. Further biological notes on the Colorado potato 
beetle, Leptinotarsa 10-lineata, including observations on the num- 
ber of generations and lengths of the period of oviposition. II, 
Illinois, 180, iv, 71-83. Jordan, H. Die Wirkungsweise der Mund- 
werkzeuge bei Seidenraupen, 81, 'xxxi, 111-114. Kerremans, Ch. 
Monographic des Buprestides (Damarsila), v, 257-320. Kleine, R. 
Biologische Beobachtungen an Pyrochroa coccinea (Schluss), 
193, vii, 62-66. Leng, C. W. A new species of Dineutes, 6, xix, 11 
(*). Notes on Coccinellidae, IV. Variable maculation, 6, xix, 
6-10. Pic, M. Mission geodesique de 1'equateur. Ptinides, Anthi- 
cides, et Hylophilides, 284, 1910, 154-156. Volker, H. Ein Sonder- 
ling aus der Kafergilde, 193, vii, 44-47. Weise, J. Dritter Beitrag 
zur Kenntnis der Hispinen, 35, Iv, 39-78. 

HYMENOPTERA. Adlerz, G. Lefnadsforhallanden och in- 
stinkter inom familjerna Pompilidae och Sphegidae III, 62, xlv, 
No. 12, 75 pp. Brues, C. T. Notes on some genera of Ophioninae 
with toothed femora, 5, xviii, 21-26 (*). Cockerell, T. D. A. De- 
scriptions and records of bees, 11, vii, 225-237 (*). Bees in the 
collection of the U. S. National Museum, 50, xxxix, 635-658 (*). 
Crawford, J. C. Descriptions of new Hymenoptera, I, 50, xxxix, 
617-623 (*). Ducke, A. -Terzo supplemento alia revisione dei Cri- 
sididi dello stato Brasiliano del Para, 69, xli, 89-115. Girault, A. A. 
Descriptions of three new North American species of the myma- 
rid genus Polynema parasitic on membracid eggs, with a list of 
the sp. described since 1898, 6, xix, 12-23 (*). Graenicher, S. 
New Zealand's experience with the red clover and bumblebees, 
123, viii, 166-169. Kieffer, J. J. Nouveaux Cynipides exotiques du 
British Museum de Londres, 69, xli, 244-254. Krausse-Heldrungen, 
A. H. Enbiontische Fahigkeiten bei Insecten, 69, xli, 84-87. Mann, 
W. M. Notes on the guests of some Californian ants, 5, xviii, 27- 
31 (*). Pietschker, H. Das Gehirn der Ameise, 279, xlvii, 43-114. 
Rohwer, S. A. The genotypes of the sawflies and woodwasps, or 


the superfamily Tenthredinoidea, 7, Tech. Ser. No. 20, pt. 2, 69-100 
pp. Santschi, F. Formicides recoltes par Prof. F. Silvestri aux 
Etats Unis en 1908, 69, xli, 1-7. Stenton. R. On the economy of 
the ichneumon id Monoblastus palustris, 9, xliv, 87-90. Strand. E. 
Fine echte Eucera von Sudamerika? 38, xxx, 78-79. Turner, C. H. 
A notice on the hunting habits of an American Ammophila, 5. 
xviii, 13-14. Wheeler, W. M. The North American ants of the 
genus Camponotus Mayr, 321, xx, 295-354 (*). Yerkes, R. M. 
Wheeler on ants (review), 324, 1, 74-77. 

Doings of Societies. 


Meeting of. January 26, 1911 ; Mr. Philip Laurent, Director, 
presided ; eleven persons present. 

Mr. Rehn made a few remarks on a study of the Orthoptera 
of the Great Lake region of Central Africa in which he is now 
engaged. By the aid of an outline map he indicated the east- 
ern limit of the great Congo Forest, the fauna of which is 
strongly represented in the Great Lake region. Specimens of 
Polyspilota validissima, a Mantid which the speaker found 
ranged almost across the Congo State, individuals of Amor- 
phoscelis, an aberrant Manticl not previously examined by the 
speaker, and the type of the first African species of Hittn- 
berticlla, a genus previously known only from the East Indies, 
were exhibited. 

Mr. H. W. Wenzel reported the capture of Aptcnodcs 
sphenarioides in Philadelphia on January the i8th. He also 
spoke of the good work shown in some recent papers in which 
the species were well studied, particularly the life histories, 
as by Prof. Hopkins, in Dendroctonus. He also spoke of the 
value of a recent paper on Pissodes. 

Dr. Skinner spoke in appreciation of the work being done 
by the African Entomological Research Committee and of the 
Bulletin they are publishing. He also exhibited specimens of 
Argynnis sakuntala, a species he had recently described, and 
compared it with rhodope and allied forms. 


Meeting of March 23, 1911. Mr. Philip Laurent, Director, 
presiding; fifteen persons present; Mr. Nathan Banks, of 
Washington, D. C., visitor. 

Mr. Banks said he came to Philadelphia to study some 
Hymenoptera in the Cresson collection. He was pleased to 
meet the members and would like to have a collecting trip with 
them in this locality and would also gladly exchange specimens. 

Mr. Rehn exhibited specimens illustrating the variability in 
structural and color characters found by him in the Acridiid 
Eritetti.v simplex. One hundred and forty-eight specimens from 
Sulphur Springs, North Carolina, were the basis of his work. 
The supplementary carinae of the pronotum were found 
strongly or faintly indicated or lacking, while two marked, dom- 
inant, color phases were found, connected by a number of 
intermediates. The same speaker also exhibited the type of a 
remarkable new genus and species of African Mantidae. 

Dr. Skinner exhibited a large series of Lycaena enoptcs, 
battoides and glancon. He considered them variants of one 

Dr. Calvert gave a very interesting description of the coun- 
try on the Pacific side of Costa Rica. There are no railroads 
in the province of Guanacaste, and in the wet season it is prac- 
tically untraversable. While sleeping in a school house at 
Santa Cruz, he had been bitten by an insect and in the morn- 
ings found two specimens of a Conorhlnus (which were ex- 
hibited), and attributed the bites to them. 

Mr. Banks referred to the severe disease carried to man from 
monkeys by these insects in Brazil. 

Mr. Laurent stated that some lepidopterists were under the 
impression that Danais plc.rippus was three-brooded in the 
State of New Jersey, which the speaker said was a mistake, 
and that he was sure that no species of Rhopalocera or butter- 
fly, found in New Jersey, unless it was Pieris rapae or Lycaena 
pseudargiolus, was more than two-brooded, and that a number 
of species were represented by only one brood in a season, as 
for instance Pamplnla metea, pontiac, leonardus, etc. The 


speaker then went into details concerning the migrating habit 
of Danais ple.vippus. 

Mr. Harbeck referred to the fact that insects are not infre- 
quently cited and recorded in error. As an instance of this he 
mentioned Carabus neinorellns reported from Maplewood in 
the "New Jersey list." 

Mr. Banks cited the Coddling Moth as illustrating the liabil- 
ity of error in stating the number of broods of an insect from 
dates of capture without actual breeding experiments from 
known females. The question of variation was generally dis- 
cussed. HENRY SKINNER, Recorder. 



The daily newspapers announce the death of this veteran 
botanical explorer and collector at his home, 207 Twelfth 
Street, Southwest, Washington, D. C., on April 10, 1911. He 
was born in England, January 12, 1821, came to America at 
the age of eighteen and settled first at Cleveland, Ohio. An 
interesting sketch of his life by W. E. SafTord, read in cele- 
bration of his eightieth birthday, was published in the Popular 
Science Monthly for April, 1911. Although Dr. Palmer was 
primarily engaged in botanical researches, he made collections 
of animals also, including insects, some of his specimens of 
these last being in the Museum in Cambridge and Washington 
(see page 198 of this NEWS). His most noteworthy expeditions 
were to various parts of the southwestern United States and 
to Mexico. His zeal was maintained throughout his long life, 
as in 1910 he collected near Tampico.-Tamaulipas, Mexico. 


A recent number of the Zoologischer Anzeiycr informs us 
of the death of this distinguished physiologist and entomologist 
on March 4, 1911, in Ghent, where he had long been a Pro- 


fessor in the University. He was born June 16, 1841. His 
researches were largely directed to the little cultivated and 
technically difficult field of the functions of Arthropod organs 
and of the relations of these animals to the surrounding media. 
Some of his principal memoirs are Snr la force musculaire dcs 
insects (1865, 1866), Recherches sur les Crustaces d'eau douce 
de Belgique (1870), Recherches physico-chimiques sur les 
ArticuUs aquatiqiies (1871), Qu'cst-ce que I'aile d'un Insecte? 
(1871), Recherches expcrimcntales sur la position du centre 
de gravitc chez les insectes (1872), Recherches physico- 
chemiques sur les articulcs aquatiqiies. II. Resistance a I'asphy- 
xie par submersion, action du froid, action de chaleur (1872) ; 
Recherches sur les phcnomenes de la digestion chez les Insectes 
(1874-77), chcz les Myriapodes (1876), ches les Phalangidcs 
(1876), chcz les Araneides dipneurnones (1877) ; Sur les 
moui'ements et I'innervation de I'organe central de la circulation 
chcs les animdux articules (1879) ; Influence de I'cau de mcr 
sur les aniniaux d'eau douce et de I'eau douce sur les aniniaux 
niarins (1883), Recherches expcrimentales sur les inouvcments 
respiratoires des Insectes (1884), Experiences sur le role dcs 
palpcs chcz les Arthropodes maxilles (1885), Recherches cx- 
pcriincntalcs sur la vision ches les Arthropodes (1885-1889), 
Les Myriapodes niarins et la resistance dcs Arthropodes a res- 
piration aericnne a la submersion (1890) ; articles on the Arach- 
nids (1895) and Crustacea (1900) in Richet's Dictionnaire de 
Physiologic; Les flcurs, comment attirent-ils les insects? 
(1904).* Most of these appeared in the publications of the 
Royal Academy of Belgium. 

At its annual meeting in December, 1910, the Entomological 
Society of Belgium elected Prof. Plateau Honorary President. 
This title had been conferred previously on but two persons, 
Constantin Wesmael and Edmond de Selys Longchamps. 

* For this partial list of Prof. Plateau's writings we have drawn 
chiefly on the bibliographies in Folsom's Entomology and v. Fiirth's 
Vergleichende chetnische Physiologic der niederen Ticre (1903). The 
latter contains summaries of some of these papers. 



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Plate VII. 







VOL. XXII. JUNE, 1911. No. 6. 


Davis The Woolly Aphis of Oak (Phyl- 
laphis ? querci Fitch) (Hemip.).--. 241 

Kirkaldy A new Species of Gerris 
(Hemip.) 246 

Rehn Notes on Paraguayan Orthop- 
tera, with descriptions of a new 
Genus and four new species 247 

Skinner Lycaena enoptes, battoides 
and glaucon (Lepid. ) 259 

Rohwer A new Sawfly of Economic 

Importance (Hymen.) 263 

Barnes and McDunnough Concerning 
Archylus tener Druce (Lepid.) 265 

Barnes and McDunnough Some re- 
marks on Mastor bellus and M. 
phylace ( Lepid.) 267 

Barber Arrangement of the Species of 
Dendrocoris Bergr., with the de- 
scriptions of two new Species 268 

Dow On some rare Cicindela (Coleop.) 271 
Dury Some new Beetles from North 
Carolina, with Ecological Notes 

(Coleop.) 273 

Editorial 276 

Notes and News 277 

Entomological Literature 279 

Doings of Societies 285 

Obituary Dr. Herman Willem van der 

Weele 287 

Dr. Edouard Piaget 288 

Dr. Samuel Hubbard Scud- 
der 288 

The Woolly Aphis of Oak (Phyllaphis? querci Fitch) 



(Plate VII) 

A woolly aphis, which is possibly the species described by 
Fitch as Eriosoma querci, has been collected by us on oak foli- 
age from various localities in Illinois, definite collections hav- 
ing been made at Chicago, Joliet, Aurora, Rockford, Peoria 
and Danville. I have also received this species from Mr. W. 
P. Flint, who collected it on oak at Normal, Illinois. 

Doctor Fitch described this species in his Fifth Report t as 

follows : 

"Oak Blight, Eriosoma querci, new species. 

"A species of blight, or a woolly aphis upon oak limbs, puncturing 
them and exhausting them of their sap, was met with in northern 
Illinois ,but I have never seen it in New York. It is very like a simi- 
lar insect upon the basswood. The winged individuals are black 
throughout, and slightly dusted over with an ash-gray powder re- 
sembling mold. The fore wings are clear and glassy, with the stigma- 

*Formerly of the office of the State Entomologist, Urbana, Illinois ; 
now at the Experiment Station Building, Lafayette, Indiana. 

t Fifth Report of the State Entomologist of New York. Ann. 
Rep. N. Y. State Agr. Soc. f. 1858 (1859), P- 804. 



spot dusky and feebly transparent, their rib-vein black, and their third 
oblique vein abortive nearly or quite to the fork. It is 0.16 long to the 
tip of its wings. I find no woolly aphis mentioned by European authors 
as infesting the oak, except the Eriosoma quercus of Sir Oswald 
Mosley (Gardener's Chronicle, i. 828), which, in the List of Homop- 
terous Insects of the British Museum, p. 1083, is supposed to be the 
Coccus lanatus of Geoffrey, and would hence appear to be a very dif- 
ferent insect from the one now described." 

Walsh! next lists the species from the United States, and 
Thomas* some years later quotes, in part the description as 
given by Fitch, and placing it in the genus Schizoneura, in 
which genus it has been placed by all writers since. In his 
list of Minnesota Aphididaet Oestlund states that he found 
apterous forms of what he supposes to be this species in Min- 
nesota, and the next year (1887) tt he again reports with some 
doubt, this species, quoting from the original description. 
Packard lists the species among the forest insects, quoting 
from Thomas. Cowen** questionably determines as this spe- 
cies, immature wingless forms collected in Colorado, "August 
19, in woolly patches on young shoots of Quercus undulata," and 
briefly describes them. Clarkeff next lists the species from Cali- 
fornia, giving no descriptive notes other than color, which is 
said to be black. Davidsontt reports it as abundant in Califor- 
nia on live oak (Quercus agrifolia}. In a letter dated No- 
li On the Genera of Aphididae found in the United States. Proc. 
Ent. Soc. Phila., Vol. i (1862), p. 303. 

*Eighth Report of the State Entomologist of Illinois. Trans. Dept. 
Agr. 111., Vol. XVI (1880), p. 139- 

t List of the Aphididae of Minnesota. Fourteenth Ann. Rep. Geol. 
and Nat. Hist. Surv. Minn., 1886, p. 55. 

tt Synopsis of the Aphididae of Minnesota. Bull. Geol. and Nat. 
Hist. Surv. Minn., No. 4 (1887), p. 29. 

Insects injurious to forest and shade trees. Fifth Rept. U. S. Ent. 
Com. 1890, p. 212. 

**A preliminary list of the Hemiptera of Colorado. Bull. Colo. Agr. 
Exper. Station, No. 31, Tech. Ser. No. i (1895), PP- 116-117. 

tfA list of California Aphididae. Can. Ent., Vol. XXXV (Sept., 
1903), p. 248. 

it Further notes on the Aphididae collected in the vicinity of Stan- 
ford University. Journ. Econ. Ent., Vol. Ill (Aug., 1910), p. 374. 


vember 15, 1910, Mr. Davidson writes: "I found Schizoneura 
querci Fitch in flocculent masses on the under side of the leaves 
and also on the twigs of live oaks (Q. agrifolia and Q. wis- 
lensii}. I have taken a few winged specimens, and the vena- 
tion is that of Schizoneura!' The present writer listed this 
species from Illinois, upon Fitch's authority and refers to a 
Phyllaphis collected in Illinois on oak leaves which he consid- 
ers probably distinct from querci of Fitch. 

It is with considerable doubt that I place the species found 
in Illinois the past few years as identical with the species de- 
scribed by Fitch as querci. The species which we have found 
and describe later in this paper lives on the upper- and under- 
surfaces of the leaves in small colonies, which are completely 
covered with a rather dense flocculence. During the summer 
only wingless viviparous females were found, while winged 
males and oviparous females were collected in October. In 
one instance a wingless male was taken. The species is quite 
variable, but evidently does not belong to the genus Schison- 
eura. Neither does it fully agree with the genus Phyllaphis, 
although it is more nearly related to this than it is to Schison- 
eura. From the unusually loose description given by Fitch, 
it is impossible to positively recognize the species. The prin- 
cipal characters of querci as given by Fitch are its habitat and 
color, the former agreeing quite well with the species before 
us, but the color being quite different, our species being pale 
greenish in the viviparous to pale brownish in the oviparous 
forms. Ashmead* described a black aphid on oak which he 
called Phyllaphis niger, which agrees more nearly with the spe- 
cies characterized by Fitch as querci. Full descriptions are 
herewith given, hoping that they will be an aid to future in- 
vestigations. As the writer has above indicated, he is of the 
opinion that Fitch's species is possibly different from the one 
here described, but that this one is the same as the species 
considered as querci Fitch by Oestlund, Cowen and Davidson. 

A list of the Aphididae of Illinois, with notes on some of the spe- 
cies. Journ. Econ. Ent., Vol. Ill (Oct., 1910), p. 413. 

*On the Aphididae of Florida, with descriptions of new species. 
Can. Ent, Vol. XIII (1881), p. 155. 


Wingless viviparous female. Head and thorax usually yellow or 
yellowish brown, the fore part of the head being pale dusky. Abdo- 
men, after removal of the white flocculence, usually pale green, but 
sometimes pale yellow or yellowish green, and usually darkest on the 
sides. Eyes blackish. Beak not reaching, or barely reaching, the coxae 
of second pair of legs. Antennae very pale greenish or yellowish, ex- 
cepting distal ends of IV and all of V and VI, which are dusky to 
blackish; rather short, being a third or less the length of the body; 
segments vary in length as will be noticed from the accompanying fig- 
ures ; usually 6-segmented, but often only 5 ; as a rule III and VI sub- 
equal, II and IV sub-equal, V longer than IV but shorter than VI; 
sensoria only at distal ends of V and VI. (Fig. i drawn from speci- 
mens collected in Chicago, October 22, 1908, show two antennae from 
the same specimen, one being 5- and the other 6-segmented ; figs. 2 and 
3 were drawn from different individuals, but both from same colony 
collected in Chicago September 15, 1008; fig. 4 drawn from specimen 
collected by Mr. W. P. Flint at Normal, April 9, 1908). Legs pale 
greenish excepting distal half of tarsi, which are black. Abdomen 
with six longitudinal rows of wax glands, three on each side of the 
median line, one of these being on the lateral edge. Cornicles very 
slightly elevated above the surface, but quite distinct, being represent- 
ed by dusky to blackish rings. Style sub-obsolete. 

Wingless male. A single specimen was collected at Chicago, Sep- 
tember 15, 1908, and no color notes were taken. The size and general 
appearance of the body much resembles that of the winged male de- 
scribed below. Antennae barely reaching to cornicles ; the last four 
segments sub-equal, V being invariably shorter than II or IV, and VI 
invariably longer than III or IV; segment III with 3-4 circular sen- 
soria in a row, IV with 3-5, V with 2-4 in addition to the usual one 
at distal end, and VI with 2-4 and the usual one at end of basal por- 
tion. (PI. VII, fig. 5}. 

Winged male. Head and thoracic shield dusky brownish to black- 
ish, neck yellowish, abdomen pale greenish to yellowish. One speci- 
men had indistinct irregular dusky markings. (PI. VII, fig. n). In 
colonies beneath a heavy flocculence, and individuals covered with a 
fine pulverulence. Beak reaching a little beyond coxae of first pair of 
legs but not to coxae of second pair. Eyes dark red to black. An- 
tennas dusky, paler at base ; reaching about to cornicles ; last four 
segments about sub-equal; III with 3-8 circular sensoria; IV with 
4-7, V with 6-n, and VI with 5-10. (PI. VII, fig. 6). Legs pale ex- 
cepting joints and the tarsi, which are dusky. Wing veins blackish. 
Venation variable, as follows : Of the five specimens before me, two 
individuals have the discoidal of both wings twice branched (PI. VII, 


fig. 7) ; another specimen has one wing with discoidal twice branched 
and in the other wing it is only once branched (PI. VII, fig. 8) ; one 
specimen has a once-branched discoidal in one wing and a partial sec- 
ond branching in the other wing; the last individual has both discoi- 
dals only once-branched. Summing up, there are five twice-branched 
discoidals, one with partial second branch, and four only once-branch- 
ed. Mr. J. T. Monell very kindly loaned me a slide bearing two 
winged males of this species. Two of the wings have discoidal twice 
branched, another no branching (PI. VII, fig. 9), and the fourth wing 
is missing. The specimens from Monell's collection were collected by 
Mr. Theo. Pergande on Quercus alba and Q. prinus, Washington, D. 
C, October 24, 1882. Cornicles very slightly elevated above surface 
abdomen, dusky, with blackish line indicating the opening. Described 
from five individuals collected at Chicago, October 22, 1908, and at 
Danville, 111., October 8, 1910. 

Measurements. Average: Length of body, i.oi mm.; width, 0.43 
mm.; length of wings, 1.42 mm.; width, 0.54 mm.; antennae III, 0.20; 
IV, 0.20; V, 0.18; VI, 0.19; average total, including segments I and II 
0.88 mm. 

Wingless oviparous female. Entire body covered with a rather 
heavy pulverulence, beneath which the body color is greenish to pale 
brownish, more often the latter, especially late in the season. Head 
dusky. Prothoracic segment with two dusky spots near the anterior 
and two near the posterior margin. Body with two longitudinal rows 
of dots close together on each side of the dorsal median line and a 
single row on each side at the margin. Eyes dark red. Beak not 
quite, or barely, reaching the coxae of the second pair of legs. An- 
tennae dusky, more uniform than in the viviparous female, and are, as 
a rule, of a type shown in fig. 4. Legs short and dusky, hind tibiae 
with many circular sensoria on the basal two-thirds. (PI. VII, fig. 12), 
Cornicles indicated by dark circular rings. In size and other respects 
it has the appearance of the viviparous female. 


Phyllaphis (?) querci Fitch. Figs, r, 2, 3 and 4, antennas of wing- 
less viviparous female; 5, antenna of wingless male; 6, antenna of 
winged male; 7, 8 and 9, fore wing of winged male; 10, hind wing of 
winged male; n, winged male; 12, hind tibia of wingless oviparous 

Camera lucida drawings, figs. I, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 12, with a one- 
inch eyepiece and two-thirds objective; 9, 10 and u, with a two-inch 
eyepiece and two-thirds objective. In other words, 9, 10 and u are 
drawn to three-fifths the size of the others. 


A New Species of Gerris (Hemip.). 

By the late G. W. KIRKALDY, F. E. S.* 

Garris buenoi n. sp. 

Belongs to sub-genus Gerris. Middle tarsi moderately slender with 
the first segment three times as long as the second; hind tibiae and 
tarsi together scarcely as long as their femur. 

Sternites in the male flattened, not carinate, the seventh doubly 
emarginate at the apical margin, the middle (ad) emargination broad 
and somewhat roundedly angular; not produced into a spine at the 
angles of the sternite; eighth sternite in the female transverse. Meta- 
sternal tubercle small, black ; pronotum not suffused on the disc with 
reddish or yellowish but with the fore lobe with a marginal flavescent 
line. Length, males, macropterous form, 7 to J 1 /- mm. ; apterous form, 
7 mm. Length, females, macropterous form, 7^-2 to 8 mm. ; apterous 
form, 7^4 mm. 

[Note by J. R. T. B. This species is a very near neighbor 
of Gerris marginatns Say, with which it has often been con- 
founded in collections. Aside from the correlated structural 
characters, however, the flavescent margin of the anterior lobe 
of the pronotum serves to distinguish it at once. It can also 
be separated by its smaller size, pronounced sutures between 
the abdominal segments, and more or less flattened abdomen 
in the male. 

My good friend, Mr. E. P. Van Duzee sent me specimens of 
this species labelled "Gerris snlcatus Uhler," but neither he, 
Kirkaldy, nor myself have succeeded in finding a description by 
this author anywhere, hence Kirkaldy concluded that it was 
merely a manuscript name and decided to describe it, naming 
it after me. The last I much deprecate, since my views are 
decidedly against the practice of giving to insects some form of 
the name borne by an individual. 

The species is widely distributed and ranges from British 
Columbia to the Atlantic States.] 

*This is one of several fragments left by my lamented friend. It 
is, as may be seen, a rough preliminary diagnosis, which I have gone 
over, but it is distinctly not to be regarded or considered as in any 
way my work, as my share in it has been that of a transcriber only. 
J. R. T. B. 


Notes on Paraguayan Orthoptera, with Descriptions 

of a new Genus and Four new Species. 
BY JAMES A. G. REHN, Academy of Natural Sciences, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

The following notes and descriptions are based on a small 
but very interesting collection of Orthoptera submitted to me 
for study by the well-known naturalists, A. de Winkelried Ber- 
toni and Prof. C. Schrottky, of Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay, 
from which locality the greater portion of the material was se- 
cured. Prof. Bruner has already reported* on a collection of 
Acridoidea from this locality. 

Pyragra brasiliensis (Gray). 

Puerto Bertoni. One female (Schrottky). 
Pyragra paraguayensis Borelli. 

Paraguay. One male (Schrottky). This specimen is slight- 
ly smaller than the original measurements of the species, but 
otherwise it is typical. 

Demogorgon bates! Kirby. 
Puerto Bertoni. One male (Schrottky). 

Pseudomops sp. 

Puerto Bertoni. November. One broken specimen. (Ber- 
toni, No. 715). 

Ischnoptera bilunata Saussure. 

Asuncion. 1900. Two males. This species was described 
from Chiquitos, Bolivia. 

Nyctibora sericea Burmeister. 

Puerto Bertoni. October, 1904. (Bertoni, No. 413). 
Panchlora thalassina Saussure and Zehntner. 

Puerto Bertoni. December, 1909. Two females. (Bertoni, 
No. 401 ) . 

*ENT NEWS, XXI, pp. 301-307. 


Caudell has recorded this from Sapucay, Paraguay, while 
Giglio-Tos reported it from Tala and San Lorenzo, Argentina. 

Tribonium spectrum (Eschscholtz). 

Puerto Bertoni. October, 1909. One female. (Bertoni, 
No. 402). 

This species has been recorded from Brazil (numerous au- 
thors), and Caiza, Bolivian Chaco (Giglio-Tos), while a record 
of a larva of an undetermined species of this genus from Villa 
Rica, Paraguay (Giglio-Tos) may refer to this species. 

Monastria biguttata (Thunberg). 
Yaguarasapa. 1892. One male. (Bertoni, No. 479). 

Blaberus minor Saussure. 

Paraguay. 1904. One female. (Bertoni, No. 412). Giglio- 
Tos has recorded this species from San Lorenzo, Argentina and 
Aguairenda, Bolivian Chaco and numerous authors have cred- 
ited it to Brazil. 

Blaberus sp. 

Yaguarasapa. 1892. One female. (Bertoni, No. 475). 

This species is probably new and related to B. rufescens on 
one hand and the postica group on the other. It seems inadvis- 
able to make a definite determination of this specimen until 
more material belonging to this extremely variable genus is in 

Blaberus sp. 
Puerto Bertoni. 1905. One nymph. (Bertoni, No. 743.) 

Hormetica atlas n. sp. 

Type. $ ;Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay. 1905. (Bertoni, No. 
420). [A. N. S. P. type, No. 5174.] 

Allied to H. lacvigata Burmeister, but differing in the more 
elongate pronotum and tegmina, the blackish coloration of the 
"horse-shoe" on the pronotum and in the non-annulate an- 

Size, large ; form moderately depressed ; surface of pronotum 
rugulose ; of abdomen tuberculate. Head completely hidden under the 
pronotum ; interspace between the eyes very great and equal to that 
between the antennal bases ; face considerably flattened. Pronotum 

Vol. xxiil 



with the lateral and cephalic margins strongly arcuate and slightly 
produced cephalad. The margin proper cingulate and strongly ele- 
vated and sub-lamellate cephalad ; caudal margin arcuato-truncate, 
rather narrowly rounding laterad in the lateral margins, surface with 
an elevated swollen horseshoe-shaped design, the "heels" directed 

cephalad and thicker and more elevated 
than the other portions of the pattern, 
having at their internal angle a blunt 
tubercle; area within the "horseshoe" 
biundulate and with seven low more 
or less parallel ridges, cephalad of 
which are several low diverging sub- 
arcuate folds, of which the distal is sub- 
tuberculate, while immediately cephalad 

Fig. i.-Hormetica atlas n. sp. Dor- of the elevated "heel" of the pattern is 
sal outline of pronotum of type a i ow |j ut acute tubercle; lateral por- 

showing general form of the ele- \ 

vated " horse-shoe " pattern. tions of the pronotum distinctly deflect- 
ed. Tegmina slightly exceeding the 

length of the pronotum, subovate, width nearly three-fourths of the 
length, coriaceous ; costal margin hardly arcuate proximad, strongly 
arcuate distad, apex well rounded, sutural margin straight; anal sul- 
cus reaching slightly distad of the middle of the sutural margin. 
Wings falling but little short of the tegmina. Abdomen with the 
greatest width slightly exceeding the tegminal length, dorsum dis- 
tinctly but finely tuberculate mesad ; supra-anal plate damaged ; cerci 
short, depressed, sub- fusiform; sub-genital plate distinctly emarginato- 
sinuate on the right side, styles lateral and extremely short. 

General color tawny, darker and more rufescent on the head, pro- 
notum, tegmina and limbs ; pronotal pattern seal brown, the enclosed 
area dark chocolate; antennae with the proximal joint of the color of 
the head, followed by seal brown fading into fawn color distad ; eyes 
of the general color ; base of the tegminal vein trunk blackish ; dorsal 
abdominal segments with the median section of their distal halves 
darker than the other portion of the segments ; tibial spines blackish. 


$ Type. $ Paratype. 

Length of body 45.5 mm. 35.5 mm. 

Length of pronotum 15.5 mm. n. mm. 

Greatest width of pronotum 19.5 mm. 14.5 mm. 

Length of tegmen 18.5 mm. 12.8 mm. 

Greatest width of tegmen 14.2 mm. 10. mm. 

Greatest width of abdomen 20.5 mm. 16.2 mm. 


A paratypic female (Bertoni, No. 704) has also been examined, the 
measurements for it being given above. It differs from the type in 
the characters usual in that sex of species of this genus, viz. : The 
smaller size, the great suppression of the pronotal "horseshoe" pat- 
tern and the absence of the marked lamellato-elevate character of the 
cephalic pronotal margin. The supra-anal plate is perfect in this speci- 
men and transverse arcuate in form with the faintest possible median 

Dasyposoma nigra Brunner. 

Puerto Bertoni. 1905. One female. (Bertoni, No. 421). 

This specimen is somewhat smaller than Brunner's measure- 
ments (type from Brazil), but otherwise the Puerto Bertoni in- 
dividual does not appear separable. 

Acanthops sinuata (Stoll). 

Puerto Bertoni. One male. (Schrottky, No. 3). 

Puerto Bertoni. 1909. One male. (Bertoni, No. 398). 

This species has been recorded from Sapucay, Paraguay, and 
Paraguay without further locality. 

Apotettix bruneri Hancock. 
Puerto Bertoni. One female. (Schrottky). 
This is the first record of the species with exact locality. 

Sisantum gracilicornis (Bruner). 

1910. Orphula gracilicornis Bruner , ENT. NEWS, XXI, p. 301, 
[Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay.] 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. January 18, 1910. (Schrott- 
ky, No. 2). 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. No date. (Schrottky). 

When compared with a paratype of Sisantum notochloris, the 
type of the genus Sisantum, and specimens of Orphula pagana, 
the type of the genus Orphula, we cannot agree with the origi- 
nal author in his generic assignment of this species. While it 
is true that the apex of the tegmina is narrowly oblique trun- 
cate, it is by no means the obliquely truncate apex of O. pagana, 


while the apex of the same in Sisantum notochloris is not 
decidedly rounded, much approaching that seen in gracilicornis. 
Again the caudal femora and fastigio-facial angle are far 
nearer the type found in notochloris than in 0. pagana, 
the quite elongate, little inflated femora found in pagana being 
quite different from the more robust, distinctly inflated charac- 
ter of these parts in Sisantum notochloris and gracilicornis. 

The two specimens in hand are slightly larger than the meas- 
urements of the female sex given by Bruner. 

Orphulella punctata (DeGeer). 
Puerto Bertoni. One female. (Schrottky). 
This individual belongs to the form elegans. 

Ommexecha virens Serville. 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. December 13, 1909. (Ber- 
toni, No. 394 part). 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. No date. (Schrottky). 

One of these specimens is suffused with ferruginous, while 
the other has a "salt and pepper" effect of gray on brownish. In 
response to a query regarding the color variation of individuals 
of this and other species of the genus, Senor Bertoni writes 
that "the Ommexechae live in communities, are very variable 
in color and the green and obscure individuals are encountered 
in copula." 

Tropinotus discoideus Serville. 

Puerto Bertoni. Three males, two females. (Schrottky). 
Two of the males have green on the dorsum as previously de- 
scribed by Rehn.* 

Chromacris Stolli (Pictet and Saussure). 

Puerto Bertoni. January, 1910. One male, one female. 
(Schrottky, No. i). 

Adimantus vitticeps (Blanchard). 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. (Schrottky, No. 6). 

The following notes on the nymphal condition of this speci- 
men have been supplied by the collector. 

*Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 1907, p. 170. 


No. 6. Nymph $ (the same individual I sent you after its trans- 
formation.) Food-plant: Sugar cane. January. Not common. 
Head above yellow with two green stripes with a black center, behind 
the eyes a large green spot. Face green with black shades, mouth- 
parts whitish, palpi with black points at apex. Pronotum yellowish 
green ; on each side two longitudinal stripes composed of blackish green 
specks ; mesopleurae yellow with three blackish green transverse stripes ; 
wings clear green. Abdomen above yellowish green, each segment on 
both sides with two longitudinal stripes of dark green color, so that 
four stripes, more or less complete, run over the dorsum of abdomen, 
the last segment yellow with black cerci. Legs greenish and with 
black spots in regular intervals; femora III yellowish, the outer side 
with a dark green longitudinal stripe ; tibias and tarsi III spotted with 
black. Sternum yellowish with a black margin and a red patch. Ven- 
ter greenish, each sternite with lateral triangular black spots. 

Isophya melanochloris n. sp. 

Type. $ ; Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay. November 2, 1909. 
(Bertoni, No. 397). [A. N. S. P. type, No. 5175.] 

A very distinct species of the genus with bidentate cerci, 
sharply pointed processes to the subgenital plate and a most 
striking livery of green and black. 

Size somewhat large (for the genus). Head short, occiput roundly 
declivent to the fastigium, very slightly inflated; fastigium about half 
again as broad as the proximal antennal joint, sub-quadrate, sulcate 
mesad, distal margin broadly in contact with the broad truncate facial 
fastigium ; eyes small, rather tumescent, ovate in outline ; antennae ex- 
ceeding the body in length. Pronotum deplanate dorsad, the disc 
slightly expanding caudad, the caudal width contained about one and 
one-quarter times in the length, cephalic margin of disc sub-truncate, 
caudal margin arcuato-subtruncate, caudal section with a very short 

but decided medio-longitudinal carina; 
lateral angles of disc rounded cephalad, de- 
cided caudad ; lateral lobes about one and 
one-third times as long as deep, ventro- 
cephalic angle sub-rectangulate, ventro- 
caudal angle and caudal margin regularly 

arcuate, humeral sinus hardly indicated. 
Fig. 2. Isophva melanochlons 

n. sp. Dorsal view of apex Tegmma very slightly shorter than the 

of abdomen of tvpe (x 5). > , , ., r ,, 

dorsal length of the pronotum, apex at the 

extremity of the principal veins and rounded, sutural margin regularly 
arcuate to the apex, costal margin sub-arcuate; tympanum covering al- 


most the entire tegmen, transverse vein moderately robust. Abdomen 
inflated; terminal dorsal abdominal segment semi-elliptically depressed, 
medio-longitudinally sulcate, distal margin slightly obtuse-angulate ; 
cerci straight, rather robust, apex bluntly pointed, internal face with 
a pre-apical and a median tooth, of which the former is slightly re- 
curved and distally spiniform; sub-genital plate* with a pair of 
slightly divergent styliform processes, between which the margin is 
sub-truncate. Cephalic, median and caudal femora unarmed on ventral 
surface and without genicular spines ; cephalic tibise with the tympanum 
open, all four margins of median and distal sections of tibiae armed 
with spines ; median tibise with the margins spined ; caudal tibise very 
slightly longer than the femora ; all tarsi without arolia between the 

General color apple green laterad, becoming olive green on the sides 
of the head and face and bistre on the dorsum of head and pronotum. 
Dorsum of abdomen with a moderately broad medio-longitudinal stripe 
of velvety black, reaching to the terminal abdominal segment. Teg- 
mina with the costal field blackish narrowly edged with ferruginous, 
the area of the principal veins slightly ferruginous, discoidal field oil 
green, tympanum varied with rufous, seal brown and pale greenish. 
Antennae black, more or less ferruginous proximad; eyes chestnut. 
Limbs burnt umber, more or less lined and washed with seal brown ; 
caudal femora with a broad lateral area of seal brown, proximal ex- 
tremity of the same apple green ; caudal tibiae largely seal brown. 

Length of body 22. mm. 

Length of pronotum 4.5 mm. 

Greatest dorsal width of pronotum 3.8 mm. 

Length of tegmen 5.5 mm. 

Width of tympanum of tegmen 3.8 mm. 

Length of caudal femur 20.5 mm. 
The type of this species is unique. 

Scaphura nigra (Thunberg). 

Puerto Bertoni. November, 1909. One immature male, one 
immature female. (Bertoni). 

Gymnocera fasciata (Brunner). 

Puerto Bertoni. October, 1904. One female. (Bertoni. 
No. 411). 

There is some uncertainty regarding the determination of 

*This is considerably mutilated in the type, but its structure is evi- 


this specimen, as it has lost a good portion of the original 

Phylloptera alliedea Caudell. 

Puerto Bertoni. October, 1907. One male. (Bertoni, No. 

Theudoria nigrolineata Brunner. 

Puerto Bertoni. One female. (Bertoni). 

This species was described from Buenos Ayres, this being the 
next record for the species. 

Theudoria melanocnemus (Stal). 

Puerto Bertoni. November, 1907. One female. (Bertoni, 
No. 414). 

The previous records of this form were from Buenos Ayres 
(type) and Montevideo. 

Dasyscelis normalis Brunner. 

Puerto Bertoni. November, 1905. One female. (Bertoni, 
No. 418). 

Lichenochrus hilaris Brunner. 

Puerto Bertoni. November, 1905. One female. (Bertoni, 
No. 417). 

This species was previously known only from Matto Grosso, 

Lichenochrus sp. 

Puerto Bertoni. November, 1909. One immature female. 
(Bertoni, No. 407). 

Paroxyprora tenuicauda Karny. 

Puerto Bertoni. One male. (Schrottky). 

Puerto Bertoni. 1905. One female. (Bertoni, No. 705). 

This species was recently described from Rio Grande do Stil. 
Brazil, and there is some little uncertainty regarding the deter- 
mination of the specimens in hand. 

Xiphilimum amplipenne Caudell. 

Puerto Bertoni. January, 1910. One female. (Bertoni, 
No. 408). 


This species was previously known only from Sapucay, Para- 


A member of the Agraeciini allied to Lobaspis Redtenbacher. 
from which it differs in having the tegmina and wings no long- 
er than the body, in having the genicular lobes of the cephalic 
femora and cephalic one of the median limbs non-spinose, and 
in the decidedly abbreviate limbs in the male. From Gonata- 
canthus Karny it can be immediately separated by the non- 
spinose cephalic genicular lobes, from Anthracites Redtenbach- 
er by the longer tegmina and shorter limbs, from Paralobaspis 
Giglio-Tos by the absence of the peculiar fastigial development 
of that genus, from Nannagroecia by the arcuate ovipositor 
and from Alphopteryx Redtenbacher by the different tegmina. 

Fastigium spiniform, contiguous ventrad with facial fas- 
tigium, antennae greatly exceeding length of body ; eyes sub- 
globose. Pronotum in male produced caudad over tegminal 
tympanum ; humeral sinus hardly indicated. Tegmina sub- 
coriaceous, no longer than body, apex rounded. Prosternum 
long bispinose. Supra-anal segment of male sub-angulate, fis- 
sate ; cerci of male short, strongly incurved, apically toothed : 
sub-genital plate of male with paired styliform appendages sur- 
mounted by true styles. Ovipositor falcate, acute, margins en- 
tire. Limbs short and robust ; genicular lobes of cephalic fe- 
mora and cephalic lobe of median femora rounded, non-spinose, 
caudal lobe of median femora spinose, genicular lobes of caudal 
femora spinose ; ventro-lateral margin of caudal femora spined. 
ventro-cephalic margins of cephalic and median femora each 
with several spines. 

Type. B. agraecioides n. sp. 

We take pleasure in dedicating this most interesting genus to 
Senor A. de Winkelried Bertoni, who collected the type and 
who has done so much to make known to science the rich fauna 
of Paraguay. 

Bertoniella agraecioides n. sp. 

Type. , $ ; Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay. November, 1909. 
(A. de Winkelried Bertoni.) [A. N. S. P., type No. 5176.] 



[June, 'n 

Size, rather small ; form, robust. Head broad, occiput nearly hori- 
zontal ; fastigium narrow, spiniform, apex rounded, not extending ce- 
phalad of the proximal antennal joint ; eyes globose, but little prominent ; 
antennae with proximal joint swollen on internal face. Pronotum with 
greater dorsal width contained more than twice in length of same, 
caudal section of disk produced caudad in an arcuate extension cover- 
ing almost the entire tympanal field of tegmina ; cephalic margin of 
disk truncate ; lateral lobes with their greatest depth contained over 

Fig. 3. Bertoniella agrarcioides n. gen., n. sp. Lateral view of male type (x 3). 

one and one-half times in greatest length; ventral margin oblique 
truncate, ventro-caudal angle obtuse-angulate, caudal margin oblique 
truncate, humeral sinus hardly appreciable. Tegmina sublanceolate, 
about reaching base of supra-anal segment, costal margin arcuate 
distad, apex rounded, structure coriaceous, subreticulate. Wings dis- 
tinctly but not greatly shorter than tegmina. Supra-anal segment (ter- 
minal dorsal abdominal segment) very narrowly fissate for about one- 
third of its length, margin very obtuse-angulate ; cerci with lateral 
face of proximal portion decidedly and roundly excavate ; subgenital 

plate with styliform appendages fairly robust, 
parallel, separated by about the width of one 
appendage, true styles short. Cephalic femora 
about two-thirds as long as the pronotal disk, 
armed with three spines distad on the ventro- 
cephalic margin, ventro-caudal margin un- 
armed ; median femora slightly shorter than 
cephalic pair, similarly armed ; cephalic tibiae 

with tympanum cleft-shaped, cephalic and 
Fig. 4. Bertoniella agrae- 

cioides n. gen., n. sp. median tibiae unarmed dorsad, armed on both 

Dorsal outline of prono- 

tum of male type x 3). margins ventrad ; caudal femora about as long 


as the tegmina, decidedly inflated in the proximal two-thirds, distal 
portion narrow, lateral margin with five to six distal spines, internal 
margin with one or two distal spines ; caudal tibiae subequal to the fem- 
ora in length, very slightly bowed. 

General color ochraceous, the limbs approaching tawny ochraceous; 
dorsum of head and entire dorsum of pronotum brownish black, this 
narrowing cephalad and extending over the dorsal surface of the 
fastigium ; genicular regions of the femora and tibiae, a spot at the 
distal extremity of tympanal slit and less clearly defined areas at the 
tips of the tibiae brownish black; eyes chestnut; antennal scrobes 
brownish black ; tegmina with the anal field strongly suffused with 
dark brownish, costal and discoidal fields with a few scattered irregu- 
lar spots of brownish black. 


Type $ 5 

Length of body 22.5 mm. 26.5 mm. 

Length of pronotum 9.2 mm. 8.5 mm. 

Greatest (caudal) dorsal width of pronotum 4.2 mm. 4. mm. 

Length of tegmen 13.5 mm. 16. mm. 

Length of caudal femur 13. mm. 16.2 mm. 

Length of ovipositor 13. mm. 

A female of this species taken by Schrottky at the type locality 

(without recorded date) gives the measurements entered in the above 

table with those of the type. The characters of disagreement with 

the male description are here given. 

Pronotum with caudal development of 
disk much less than in male, although of 
similar shape; caudal margin of lateral 
lobes slightly sigmoid, the humeral sinus 
hardly marked. Ovipositor nearly equal 
to caudal femora in length, rather broad, 

of ovipositor of female type f a i cate ; subgenital plate small, produced 

\ X 2 ). 

trigonal ; apex rather broadly fissate. Color 
as in male, ovipositor of general color. 

Lutosa* paranensis n. sp. 

Type. $ ; Puerto Bertoni, Paraguay. October, 1909. 
(Bertoni, No. 410). [A. N. S. P., type No. 5177.] 

Allied to L. brasiliensis (Brunner), from Santa Catharina, 
Brazil, from which it differs in the hardly curved caudal tibiae 
and considerably smaller size. 

*Pherterus of authors. 


Size medium; form robust, moderately compressed; surface polish- 
ed. Head with the occiput roundly declivent to the subvertical fasti- 
gium, which is slightly broader than the proximal antennal joint; 
margin bluntly acute-angulate ; antennas over twice the length of 
body, proximal joint elongate, cylindrical; eyes not at all prominent, 
pyriform; apex ventrad. Pronotum with the greatest width con- 
tained about one and one-third times in the length ; cephalic and 
caudal margins, subtruncate ; lateral lobes arcuate- angulate ventrad, 
ventral angles rounded. Cerci moderately elongate, slightly tapering, 
apex acute ; subgenial plate rectangulate emarginate caudad, styles 
flanking the emargination and of fair length. Cephalic and median 
limbs similar in size and spine development. Caudal femora very 
robust, the proximal three-fourths inflated, margins unarmed, external 
face with a regular pattern of oblique arcuate dorso-caudad impressed 
lines ; caudal tibias nearly straight ; principal internal caudal spur 
reaching to the apex of the third tarsal joint, claws without arolia. 

General color deep tawny ochraceous, ventrad becoming buffy and 
dorsad becoming suffused with seal brown ; a medio-longitudinal line 
on the abdomen is deep ochraceous rufous ; pronotum with the seal 
brown narrowed and much of the dorsum deep ochraceous, a narrow 
median line and large lateral patches of this color being present ; eyes, 
black; antennas ochraceous; fastigium and dorsum of head of the dor- 
sal color; face dirty clay color with the ocelli clear buff. 

Length of body 19.5 mm. 

Length of pronotum 7.2 mm. 

Greatest width of pronotum . 6.2 mm 

Length of caudal femur 18. mm. 

The type is the only specimen of the species seen by us. 

Khipipteryx brullei Serville. 

Puerto Bertoni. Two females. (Schrottky, No. 4). 

Eneoptera surinamensis (DeGeer). 

Puerto Bertoni. October 5, 1909. One female. (Bertoni. 
No. 406). 

ports that he took 150 species of Thecla in Costa Rica (64 are men- 
tioned in the Biologia as from that country) and over 300 species of 


Lycaena enoptes, battoides and glaucon (Lepid.). 
BY HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

This is a comparative study from the specimens at hand, 
no types having been seen and the descriptions being relied on. 
These three names represent the great difficulties encountered 
in a study of our butterflies, especially species of some of the 
earlier authors. The name species represented quite a different 
idea from what it does to-day, and slight differences in appear- 
ance were often taken to represent distinct entities in nature. I 
could never with any degree of satisfaction find butterflies that 
would adequately fit these three names as distinct species. The 
type of battoides Behr, I assume, was destroyed in the San 
Francisco fire. The type of enoptes Boisduval may, or may not, 
be in the Oberthur collection in Rennes, France, and the type of 
glaucon Edwards is doubtless in Dr. W. J. Holland's collection 
in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 

After a careful study of the original descriptions, in conjunc- 
tion with a fair amount of material, I have come to the con- 
clusion that the three names represent but one species. Bat- 
toides I take to be a variety of enoptes, and glancon also a 
slight variety. I have studied sixty-five specimens from the fol- 
lowing localities : 

California material has been received from Havilah, June n 
(F. Grinnell, Jr.), also June 19, Pasadena; June 7 and 13 
(Louis Wanka) ; Soldiers' Home (Max Albright) ; Brodie, 
July 3 (H. F. Wickham) ; Truckee, Sierra Nevada; Los An- 
geles, June 7; Eldorado County, June 19 (6800 ft.). There 
are also specimens with only a State label. 

Las Vegas, Nevada, May I and June 5 (Thomas Spalding). 

Fort Klamath, Oregon, June 12 to 26 (B. L. Cunningham). 

Chimney Gulch, Colorado, June 18 and 20 (E. J. Oslar). 
These are the only Colorado specimens with accurate data, the 
others bearing a label "Colorado, Bruce." 

Park City, Utah, July i and 3 (A. J. Snyder) ; City Creek 
Canyon, Salt Lake City, Utah, July 5 (Henry Skinner) ; Stock- 
ton, LJtah, June 10 to 26 (Thomas Spalding), also July 3; 
Provo, Utah, July 28, 30 (Thomas Spalding). 



[Tune. 'IT 

I have compared 
descriptions : 


Primaries above. 

Violet blue, with a 
rather wide black bor- 
der ; the fringe inter- 
sected with white and 

them according to the following original 

Primaries below. 

Ashy white, with a 
great number of black 
ocellate points. 

Secondaries above. 

Violet blue, with a 
rather wide black bor- 

Secondaries below. 
Ashy white, with a 


Primaries above. 

Wings of male of 
this species above 
blue, broadly margin- 
ed with black, fringes 

Primaries below. 

Whitish, with two 
basal dots in a trans- 
verse black band hard- 
ly bent backward and 
confluent with the dis- 
coidal line, a series of 
ordinary quadrangular 
black dots, a double 
submarginal series 
and no black margin. 

Secondaries above. 

Blue, broadly mar- 
gined with black, frin- 
ges checkered ; provi- 
ded with several yel- 
low submarginal lun- 

Secondaries below. 
Three basal black 


Primaries above. 

Male expands o 95 
inch. Pruinose blue, 
color of corny ntas ; 
blackish border to hind 
margin of equal width 
throughout and even 
edged within ; fringes 
short, white, cut with 
black at ends of nerv- 

Primaries below. 

Grey-brown, .a mar- 
ginal series of brown 
spots or imperfect lun- 
ules, preceded by a 
submarginal series of 
larger, distinct, black- 
ish spots, the two next 
inner angle suffused 
with fulvous; a median 
row of large blackish 
spots, the uppermost 
ones much advanced 
on costa ; a subreni- 
form spot on arc and 
a smaller spot in cell, 
both blackish. 

Secondaries above. 

Pruinose blue, color 
of comyntas ; rather 
wider border (than in 
primaries), lunate 
within and less dis- 
tinctly defined, the two 
lunations before anal 
angle surmounted 
with fulvous. 

Secondaries below. 
A distinct marginal 

Vol. xxiij 



great number of black 
ocellate points ; the 
two striae of posterior 
points are separated 
on the secondaries by 
a series of five yellow 

" It is found in May 
on dry hills " (Califor- 

dots and a fulvous 
band which reaches to 
an internal series of 
submarginal dots, but 
not to the external ser- 
ies of dots nor to the 
anterior apex. 

" Head-waters of 
San Joaquin Valley, 
California, eleven 
thousand feet." 

row of round brown 
spots, preceded by a 
second similar row, 
but which are partly 
lost in a bright orange 
stripe that occupies 
the space between the 
two rows from anal 
angle nearly a ,ross 
wing; median row sim- 
ilar to that of primar- 
ies ; a bent bar on arc; 
two rounded blackish 
spots a little posterior 
to this bar and be- 
tween it and costa ; a 
third spot on costa 
nearer the base and a 
fourth below cell. 

" Allied to batloides 
Behr. From two males 
and one female taken 
by Mr. Henry Edwards 
in Nevada." 

The larger number of specimens examined are males and 
the above descriptions refer to males only, the females not pre- 
senting any discoverable differences except in size. The males 
differ in expanse from 14 mm. to 25 mm., the smallest speci- 
mens being from Pasadena, Los Angeles and Havilah, Califor- 
. nia, and from Las Vegas, Nevada. The largest came from 
Prove, Utah. The specimens taken in July are all large and are 
the only ones having fulvous on the underside of the primaries. 
These are evidently a second brood, the first appearing in May. 

Enoptes may be taken as the species, having been described 
previous to the other two. The black border varies consider- 
ably in width, being from i mm. to 2 mm. One specimen from 
Fort Klamath, Oregon, has the border 3 mm. in width. The 
amount of orange on the underside of secondaries varies con- 
siderably and in some specimens it is entirely absent. Variety 
battoides has sub-marginal fulvous spots on the secondaries 


above. In the series from Fort Klamath, Oregon, some show 
this character and some do not. I restrict the name battoides 
to the specimens having this fulvous. This form is well figured 
in Dr. W. J. Holland's Butterfly Book, Plate 32, fig. 11. Glau- 
con I have restricted to the variety having two sub-marginal 
fulvous spots near anal angle of upperside of secondaries and 
having on the underside of the primaries the two spots next 
inner angle suffused with fulvous. Having fulvous markings 
on the underside of the primaries is an unusual condition judg- 
ing from the material at hand. 

It will be noted that the types of glaucon came from Nevada. 
whereas Mr. Edwards in his Catalogue of 1884 credits it to 
Colorado only. The Utah specimens are somewhat lighter in 
color than those from California, Nevada or Oregon, and there 
is more of a tendency for the marginal border of the second- 
aries above to break into spots. Some specimens from Havilah, 
California, and Las Vegas, Nevada, have a more brilliant lus- 
ter (Morpho-like) and are quite small. 

I would like very much to have additional specimens of any 
of these forms from any locality and I will also be pleased to 
name specimens. The student can make his own deductions 
from the original descriptions presented; my own studies and 
conclusions are here given for what they may be worth. 

INTENSIV AGRICULTURE. The letter-beds used by the Iowa State Col- 
lege of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Department of Zoology, in- 
cluding the Offis of the State Entomologist, bear the legend "Spelling 
authorized by the Simplified Spelling Board used in this offis." Strange 
to relate, the agricultural and mechanic arts, the cultivation of agri- 
cultural zoology, and the regulation of the insects of the State, go on 
just the same indeed a little better. Because scientific simplification 
applied to one department of life is sure to promote simplification in 
other departments of life. Spelling in accordance with reason will thus 
lead to the reduction of insect pests, and therefore increase the crops. 
If you do not believe this, state the opposit case, and tell us whether 
you believe that. Agriculturists have always tended toward simplicity 
of spelling, and here is a financial reason to confirm their views. 
Simplified Spelling Bulletin, March, 1911. 


A new Sawfly of Economic Importance* (Hymen.). 
BY S. A. ROHWER, Washington, D. C. 

Some time age Mr. R. A. Cushman, who was at that time 
stationed at Tallulah, Louisiana, sent to the Bureau of Ento- 
mology a sawfly which was found defoliating the peaches in 
that locality. The specimens sent represent a new species be- 
longing to the genus Caliroa (sub-genus Erio camp aides), and 
are herewith described. The habits of this species have been 
studied by Mr. Cushman, and will be described in a paper to be 
published by the Bureau of Entomology. Mr. Cushman states 
that they differ in a number of ways from those of the com- 
mon pear slug, although the larvae and work are superficially 

The accompanying figures were prepared from camera lu- 
cida sketches, and the description was made with the aid of a 
Carl Zeiss binocular with a magnification of thirty-five diame- 

Caliroa (Eriocampoides) amygdalina new species. 

Related to C. (Eriocampoides) quercus-coccinca (Dyar), but the 
frontal fovese are small, well denned, punctiform, not large and poorly 
defined; the third and fourth posterior tarsal joints have projections 
beneath; the stigma is shorter; the wings uniformly dark; the trans- 
verse radius is received basad of the middle of the cell, not beyond the 
middle ; and the saw has small, separate dorsal teeth, and larger ventral 

Female. Length 3.5 mm. Labrum broadly rounded, granular ; clypeus 
broadly emarginate, somewhat angular, the lobes broad, triangular ; 
supraclypeal area convex throughout its entire length, not mound-like; 
antennal foveae rather small ; middle fovea not sharply denned, large, 
somewhat circular in outline ; frontal foveset small, sharply defined, punc- 
tiform; sides of the pentagonal area ridged as in qncrcus-coccinea; ocel- 
lar basin shallow, circular in outline; postocellar furrow wanting; posto- 
cellar area twice as wide as its cephalo-caudad length ; antennre hairy, 
the third joint much longer than the fourth, but shorter than the fourth 

* Contributions from the Division of Forest Insects, Bureau o\ 
Entomology, Department of Agriculture. 

t The term "frontal foveae" is used for the fove;e which occur in 
some species, in the antennal furrows near the frontal crest. 



[June, ' 

and fifth combined ; stigma robust, about three times as long as the 
greatest width, widest where the transverse radius leaves it, oblique 
from the transverse radius; the third cubital cell but little broader 
apically, receiving the transverse radius distinctly basad of the middle ; 
hind wings without closed discal cells; the third and fourth joints of 
the posterior tarsi with long apical projections beneath; sheath rather 
narrow, straight above, broadly rounded below, the apex with a tuft 


Caliroa (Eriocampoides) amygdalina. Fig. i, anterior wing of female ; 2, third and 
fourth joints of the hind tarsi of female; 3, saw; 4, apex of the sheath; 5, 
antenna of female; 6, dorsal aspect of the genital armature of male. 

of white hair; saw slender, dorsally with small teeth apically, ventrally 
the teeth are large and are themselves dentate (see Figure 3). Black; 
the four anterior tibiae and tarsi, the basal half of the posterior tibiae 
and the post-basitarsus white, or whitish; wings uniformly blackish, 
venation dark brown. 
Male. Length 3 mm. Very like the female, but the middle fovea is 


rather smaller and more sharply defined, and the sides of the pentagon- 
al area are not as sharply denned. The hypopygidium is rather short, 
and is broadly rounded apically ; the genital stipes are large and broad- 
ly rounded apically, greatly exceeding the hypopygidium. The posterior 
tibiae, beyond the middle, and the posterior tarsi are black or strongly 

Type-locality. Tallulah, Louisiana. Many specimens rear- 
ed by Mr. R. A. Cushman from larvae on peach. Some of them 
under the Bureau of Entomology number "Hunter 1936." 

Type. Cat. No. 13,371, United States National Museum. 

Concerning Archylus tener Druce (Lepid.). 

BY WM. BARNES, M.D. and J. McDuNNOUGH, Ph.D., 

Decatur, 111. 

In the Proc. Ent. Soc., Wash., Vol. VI, p. 65, Dr. Dyar re- 
cords this species from southern Arizona, expressing at the 
same time some doubt as to the correct generic position of this 
insect. In the Proc. Ent. Soc., Wash., Vol. XII, 1910, he 
places the species in the genus Norape, stating (p. 167) that 
"the single type specimen has veins 3 and 4 of hind wing con- 
nate, 4 and 5 of fore wing separate, although very shortly so. 
It therefore must be placed in this genus. The Arizona form, 
supposed to be the same as the Mexican tener is referred to 
here under the genus Ramaca." On page 173 of the same 
journal he creates the genus Ramaca with pascora Schaus as 
type species, merely stating that this genus differs from Mesos- 
cia Hbn. "in having veins 4 and 5 of fore wing and 3-4 of 
hind wing connate." He then describes as a new species R. 
achriogelos from a single male specimen from southern Ari- 
zona, remarking, "Very like Norape tener Druce, but differ- 
ing in venation." If, as must be inferred from Dr. Dyar's 
remarks, the only point of difference between tener and 
achriogelos is in the venation, we fear that our worthy friend, 
from lack of material probably, has created a synonym. 

We have examined a series of 37 specimens from Cochise 


Co., Arizona, in the Collection Barnes, and have found a sin- 
gle specimen among them in which veins 4 and 5 of the fore 
wing are distinctly separate, although very shortly so just as 
Dr. Dyar states is the case with the type of tener. The re- 
maining specimens fall in about equal numbers into two 
groups, having veins 4-5 either stalked or from a point. In 
one case there was an extra vein between veins 3 and 4. The 
specimen with veins separate differs in no respect from the 
others, and all agree exactly both with the description and 
the figure given in the Biol. Cent. Amer. Dr. Dyar's descrip- 
tion of achriogelos would also apply equally well to tener. 

With regard to the hind wings of the specimens before us, 
most of them have veins 3-4 from a point (connate.) Sev- 
eral specimens however show these veins very distinctly but 
shortly separate. As the genera Mesoscia and Ramaca are 
separated by Dyar on the strength of veins 3-4 of hind wings 
being separate or connate, it is rather doubtful whether Ra- 
maca Dyar will hold. As however we have no South Ameri- 
can material before us, we leave this point to be decided by 
more competent authorities than ourselves. 

To return to tener, we consider then that achriogelos Dyar 
is an absolute synonym, the slight difference in venation in 
the type of tener being due to mere accidental variation. As 
to the genus into which this species should be placed we are 
rather at a loss to decide. Dr. Dyar has removed it from 
Archylus and placed it in Nor ape; it cannot remain there, 
however, as veins 4 and 5 of fore wing are more often con- 
nate or stalked than separate ; it is shut out from Ramaca 
owing to the fact that veins 3-4 of hing wings are sometimes 
separate, which would place it in the genus Mesoscia. It 
seems to vacillate between these two last named genera and 
has become an outcast and a wanderer, surely a harsh fate 
for such a delicate species. Let us hope it will find a firm 
abiding place without the necessity of creating still another 
new genus. 


Some Remarks on Master bellus and M. phylace 


By WM. BARNES, M.D., and J. McDoNNOUGH, Ph.D., 

Decatur, 111. 

In the January number of the Canadian Entomologist for 
1911, page 6, Mr. Coolidge, in an article on the genus 
Mastor, arrives at the conclusion that M. bellus and M. phy- 
lace are but the spring and summer broods respectively of 
one and the same species. He bases his conclusion on the 
fact that he has taken bellus abundantly in the Huachuca Mts. 
of Cochise Co., Ariz., from the end of May until about the 
middle of July and that Mr. V. L. Clemence has given him 
several specimens taken July i8th and 26th in the Chiricahua 
Mts., Cochise Co., Arizona, which "have the fringes of a 
pale, dirty, creamish color, answering perfectly to the de- 
scription of phylace Edw." Without stating any reasons he 
jumps to the conclusion that these second specimens must be 
the second brood of bellus, in other words, that a species tak- 
en in one locality in the latter half of July is but a seasonal 
form of another species taken in an entirely different locality 
by a different person from the middle of May until the mid- 
dle of July. Without additional proof such a statement as 
this is absolutely worthless; in fact, until satisfactory evi- 
dence is given that ova deposited by the early females pro- 
duce imagines corresponding to the other form, seasonal 
dimorphism cannot be definitely accepted. 

In the case in point it is our opinion that we are dealing 
with two nearly related but clearly distinct species. We have 
examined carefully series of both species, contained in Col- 
lection Barnes, and including specimens which have been 
compared with the actual types. The bellus are all from the 
mountain districts of southern Arizona and include specimens 
taken in May and June and others taken July 24-30, show- 
ing the species is probably double-brooded, as stated by 
Coolidge. No difference however between the two broods 
can be noted. 


Our phylace are from southern Colorado and New Mexico, 
several bearing the date June, which would tend to upset the 
seasonal form theory. 

As further evidence for the distinctness of the two species, 
we would call attention to the great and constant difference 
in the stigma on the fore wing of the males, a point which 
has always been considered of excellent specific value, and 
which is used in Europe with great success in separating the 
nearly allied species lineola and thaumas. In bellus the stigma 
is long and narrow, consisting usually of three distinct tufts 
of black hair, extending in a line from the space between veins 
Cui and Cu2 across the former to the anal vein. In phylace 
the stigma is much shorter and somewhat stouter: it con- 
sists of two tufts of hairs and is largely confined to the space 
between Cui and Cu2, extending but for a short distance 
across Cui and never reaching the anal vein. 

With regard to M. anubis G. & S. and M. bicolor Mabille, 
which Coolidge is also inclined to place as synonyms of 
phylace, we are unacquainted with either of these species, but 
would advise great care in making synonyms of species 
merely because the descriptions or figures appear to fit in 
fairly well with each other. Sufficient confusion has already 
been caused among our North American Lepidoptera by such 
procedure, and unless one has had access to the actual types 
themselves, or to specimens compared with the types by some 
reliable authority, it would be well to hold before one the 
motto advocated by the guides in the Alps of Switzerland, 

"Hurry slowly." 

Arrangement of the Species of Dendrocoris Bergr., 
with the Descriptions of two new Species (Hemip.). 

BY H. G. BARBER, Roselle Park, N. J. 

In my paper on the "Hemiptera from Southwestern Texas," 
published in the "Bulletin of the Museum of the Brooklyn In- 
stitute of Arts and Sciences," Vol. I, No. 9, 1906, I described 
Dendrocoris schaefferi and gave a synoptic key for distin- 


guishing the known species of the genus. At that time I did 
not have Dr. Bergroth's paper in which he had described D. 
fruticicola, and I depended for my diagnostic characters upon 
a specimen labelled as such, received from the National Mu- 
seum. The recent acquisition of Dr. Bergroth's paper and 
several specimens of the true fruticicola from Florida, kindly 
presented to me by Mr. Van Duzee, has shown that the species 
so indicated in my key is distinct, which I here describe as 
D. reticulatus. I collected several specimens of this species 
in the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona, in 1905, as well as an- 
other undescribed species which I have called D. arizonensis. 
This brings the total number of species of the genus Dcn- 
drocoris up to seven, which may readily be separated by the 
following synoptic table : 

Head incised in front, with lateral lobes not in contact. 

Humeri strongly prominent and very acute schaefferi barb. Tex. 
Head rounded in front with lateral lobes more or less in contact. 

Humeri rounded, not at all prominent, barely projecting beyond 
lateral margins of hemelytra. 
Lateral margins of prothorax somewhat convexly arcuated. 

pini Mont. S. W. States 

Humeri more or less rounded or obtuse, projecting well beyond 
costal margins. 
Lateral margins of prothorax concavely arcuated. 

Anterior one half of pronotum infuscated; connexivum with- 
out a small black spot at incisures. 

contaminatus Uhl. S. W. States. 
Anterior half of pronotum concolorous ; connexivum with a 

black spot or band at incisures humeralis Uhl. U. S. 

Lateral margins of prothorax nearly straight. 

Veins of membrane reticulated. Lateral margins of prothorax 

impressed and impunctate reticulatus n. sp. Ariz. 

Veins of membrane normal. Surface of pronotum punctured 
to the margins, which are not impressed. 
The stigmata, extreme apical angle of abdominal segments 
above and below and large spot at each incisure of the con- 
nexivum, next the costal margin, black. 

fruticicola Bergr. Fla. 

The stigmata concolorous; extreme apical angle of abdomi- 
nal segments below and with a band at base and apex of 
each abdominal segment of the connexivum, black or fus- 
cous arizonensis n. sp. Ariz. 


Dendrocoris reticulatus new species. 

Color pale ochraceous. Form short and broad. Head short and 
broad, lateral lobes slightly in contact before tylus and leaving the 
rounded apex slightly incised. Lateral edges lined with black and 
slightly concave before eyes. Whole surface of head coarsely and even- 
ly punctured with pale castaneous, punctures becoming blackish to- 
wards sides. Antennas except for straminously colored basal segment. 
pale rufous; second joint slightly longer than basal, third about one- 
third longer than second, slightly incrassate, fourth and fifth joints 
subequal in length and somewhat longer than third. Head beneath 
except anteriorly and laterally coarsely, concolorously punctate. Pro- 
notum and scutellum coarsely punctured with pale castaneous, punc- 
tures arranged somewhat in irregular broken transverse rows. Sharp- 
ly impressed lateral edge of pronotum almost straight, concolorous 
impunctate. The median longitudinal ridge very faint. Humeral angles 
rather prominent, rounded ; surface elevated within. Scutellum short 
and broad, with apex narrowly rounded. Pale castaneous punctures 
of the corium, more scattered on the disc, leaving some irregular smooth 
areas between exterior vein and clavus. Membrane suffused with pale 
fuscous and with the nervures pale and much reticulated. Expanded 
surface of the connexivum concolorous with the corium, rather sharply 
and coarsely punctured with pale castaneous, these sometimes more 01 
less blackish next the incisures ; apical angle of each segment tipped 
with black. Beneath paler with prosternum coarsely punctate with pale 
castaneous, meso- and metasternum except posteriorly with few punc- 
tures. Legs pale stramineous, shaded with rufous towards apex of 
tibiae and tarsi. Disc of venter smooth, laterally with scattered rufous 
punctures. Rim of spiracles and outer apical angle of segments 2-6 
black. Lateral impressed lobes of the genital segment of the male 
punctured. Length of $ 6.5 mm., 9 7-5 mm. Humeral width about 
5 mm. 

Described from five males and three females in my collection 
taken in the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona, and one 5 speci- 
men in the collection of the United States National Museum 
from Oracle, Ariz., which bears the label Dendrocoris frutici- 
cola Bergr. In some specimens the punctures on the sides of 
the head, pronotum, corium and venter are blackish. 

Dendrocoris arizonensis new species. 

Very closely related to D. fruticicola Bergr. It will average a little 
larger and proportionately broader. Ground color pale stramineous 
closely punctured with castaneous. Humeri are equally prominent as 
in fruticicola but usually more rounded. The connexivum is pale 


fulvous, closely and concolorously punctate except at base and apex 
of each segment where the surface is smudged with fuscous encircling 
the smooth pale callosed edges of the incisures ; lateral margin of con- 
nexivum either side of incisures black. All beneath and legs entirely 
clear pale stramineous, with lateral edges of abdomen either side of 
incisures of segments 2-5, tip of 6th and edges of genital segment of 
9, black. Spiracles concolorous. In the female the side pieces or 
lateral lobes of the genital segment are placed in a line with the long 
axis of the body and elongate, while in fruticicola these pieces are set 
more obliquely and not so much drawn out to an acuminate apex. 
Length of $ 7.5 mm., $ 8.5 mm. 

Described from one male and two females collected by me 
in the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona, July, 1905. 

On Some Rare Cicindelae (Coleop.). 

BY R. P. Dow, New York City. 

Among the material received last year from Mr. John Wood- 
gate, Ft. Wingate, New Mexico, were long series of a Cicindcla 
labelled by him mlturina. All were taken in July and August, 
and were about equally divided between black and green forms. 
The former agree perfectly with the description of santo- 
clarae Bates. The earlier insects are generally green. A 
month later the black predominates. Both forms are the same 
insect, beyond a doubt, but examination of elytra under a 
strong lens with transmitted light shows that the amount of 
pigment in the black form is easily twice that of the green, 
and the color of the former mainly due to broken light rays, 
rather than pigment. The black color is piceous. In over 300 
specimens there are no intermediates. I therefore suggest the 
varietal name anita for the black form. It is not ill known 
already to collectors. 

In the same material I found two specimens which are be- 
yond a doubt sperata. I have a good share of the color forms 
recognized in the E. D. Harris catalogue. The amount of 
pigment in all these forms is about equal and the color due al- 
most entirely to broken light rays. My two specimens are 
light emerald green. All others of the species that I have seen 


range through the gray, red and brown tones. I understand 
that Dr. Henry Skinner first noticed this emerald form and 
wrote to some specialists suggesting that it ought to be named. 
Both Mr. C. W. Leng and Mr. E. D. Harris concurred in that 
opinion, but both were generous enough to suggest that I 
name it. Hence the proposed varietal name marutha. Any- 
one who understands the spectrum can hardly expect an inter- 
mediate between two colors so far removed. 

A year ago last June I caught a few Cicindelas in rny hand, 
(having left net at home), at DeBruce, Sullivan County, New 
York. Three specimens were distinctly olivaceous. They 
were, however, ancocisconensis, as all agree in New York. I 
gave one such to Mr. Leng and Mr. Harris and retain the 
third. Next year I went back in June. Mr. Harris and Mr. 
W. T. Davis went in June and August, the last week in each. 
We took large series of ancocisconensis, but all typical in color. 

They are extremely local, found only on the roadway along 
the Mongaup river for the first three miles from DeBruce vil- 
lage. It is to be hoped that some collector will make a catch 
this year. Anyone interested will receive full information 
about locality if he will enclose postage for reply. Repanda 
and tranquebarica fly with them. 

Se.rguttata is common in the fall months on the Mongaup 
road. In June the form on the Willowemock road is entirely 
harrisii. So far as I can observe these two forms do not meet. 
I took one harrisii (which I gave to Mr. Leng), with head and 
thorax colored like purpurea. They fly together and I have 
seen male purpurea and female harrisii with unmistakable un- 
derstanding between them. Punctulata is common over the 
same road, but from midsummer only. I have never seen sex- 
guttata on this road. The evidence so far tends to substanti- 
ate Mr. Leng's claim for harrisii rather than Dr. W. Horn's 
curt dismissal. It is worthy of speculation whether harrisii did 
not originate from natural hybrids of purpurea blood. 

THE entire collections of British and exotic Hymenoptera, the Palae- 
arctic Hemiptera and the microscopical preparations of the late Ed- 
ward Saunders, F. R. S., are now in the Natural History Museum at 
South Kensington, London, S. W. 


Some new Beetles from North Carolina, with Eco- 
logical Notes (Coleop.). 

By CHARLES DURY, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

From June 16 to July 6, 1910, I collected insects in the Plott 
Balsum Mts., N. C. Every day of that time it rained. Some- 
times it poured for hours at a stretch, frequently all night, 
though generally there were a few hours each day when the sun 
was shining. But few diurnal Lepidoptera were seen, and they 
the most common species. Diptera and Hymenoptera were 
also very scarce. Coleoptera were more abundant, though 
mostly of common well known species. The rainfall at this 
season in these mountains is tremendous. The superintendent 
of the fibre mills at Canton told me that it rained one summer 
90 consecutive days since he had been there, at least a shower 
each day. A few new species of Coleoptera were secured, three 
of which are here described. Tn addition, I enumerate some 
of the more interesting and desirable species taken. 

Cychri were not abundant. They were canadensis, bicar- 
iiiatus, andrcu'sii and gnyotil. About a dozen species of Ptcr- 
ostichus were identified among which were P. sfloliatus. blanch- 
ardi, and pal mi. P. ado.vus was very abundant as was Platynus 
an gH status, which merged into the one described as gradient us 
bv intergrading forms. Three times I climbed to the top of 
"Tones' Knob" (over 6.000 feet"), each time to be driven back 
by a deluge of rain. From the trunk of a felled balsam tree 
some huge blue Anthophila.v had recently emerged : T found 
dead and broken ones but none living. A few Emmcsa con- 
nect ens Newm. were taken from under bark. Beating the large 
flowers of Rhododendron cataivbicnse brought down showers 
of beetles mostly Longicorns of five or six small species. 

Coiled under the bark of a fallen tree. I counted 14 beautiful 
little snakes of three species. The male snowbirds (Junco} were 
singing and several nests were found, all located on the ground. 
One of July i. had four fresh eggs in it. The concealment of 
this nest was so ingenious and perfect, it never could have 
been found had I not noted the bird fly out of it. It was on 


a sloping bank with a lace-like screen of ferns hanging down 
to hide the entrance. 

The growth of fungus was prolific, and some of the plants 
huge in size. O.vyporus and other Staphylinidae were plenty 
in these fungi. From one small Agaricus, about 2 inches in 
diameter, 24 O.vyporus ^-maculatus were taken. Under bark 
a few Hypoteles capito Lee. were found, in company with 
Rhizophagus minutus, and other flat species modified for an 
existence in the narrow crevices of close-lying bark. Beneath 
a flat stone in a nest of Termes were a number of Trichopscn- 
ius, curious little Staphylinids that are only found associated 
with Termes. When I had picked up three of the active little 
beetles, the rain came down in torrents. I replaced the stone 
over the nest, but next day when I went back hoping to get 
more, the Termes had departed, and their guests had gone with 
them. Of Pselaphidse, Adrancs coccus was found in a nest of 
black ants under a slab. Euplectus crinitus and a large Batri- 
sodes, perhaps a new species, together with B. globosus and 
virginiae occurred under bark. Centrodera decolorata was 
beaten from foliage and came down amid a shower of water. 
Flying about among the wet weeds on the mountain sides were 
many scorpion flies, of the genus Panorpa, P. signifer and 
P. maculosa especially abundant. 

At night many moths and beetles came to light and some 
fine ones were captured. In this work I was ably assisted by 
a setter dog belonging to the manager of the Lodge. The in- 
telligence of this dog was a marvel. After chewing up several 
specimens, his master told him not to bite them. He evidently 
understood for after that he knocked the beetles down with 
his paw and held them until we bottled them. The only Acan- 
thocinus nodosus taken, was caught in this way by the dog. 
This dog seemed to understand what we were doing better 
than the mountaineers, one of whom said to the manager of 
the Lodge, "What was the matter up to your house last night? 
I seen a feller jumping around on your porch waving a white 
flag." He had evidently mistaken our butterfly net for a flag 
of truce. Four species of Lachnosterna came to light, the most 
common of which was L. corrosa Lee. 


Less than 250 species of Coleoptera, and most of them com- 
mon, were identified on the trip. Rather a disappointment con- 
sidering the hard work done. Among the unidentified species 
the following seem to be new : 

Pinacodera virescens n. sp. 

Head and thorax piceous black, shining. The thorax with wide 
pale border, wider behind. Hind angle obtuse, margin punctured and 
transversely wrinkled. Elytra dull opaque green, strongly alutaceous. 
Legs and antennae pale. Length 9 mm.; width 4.50 mm. 

One male. Plott Balsam Mts., North Carolina, June, 1910, 
As compared with the other North American species, this is 
a shorter and broader insect. 

Scaphisoma (Scaphiomicrus) carolinae n. sp. 

Black, shining. Punctures of prothorax very minute, those of elytra 
slightly coarser. Each elytron with a sharply defined rufous spot near 
base, rounded in front and extending obliquely back to apex, leaving a 
triangular black area on dorsum of elytra, which area extends three- 
fourths way to elytral apex. Sutural striae flexed outward at base in 
male, straight in female. Beneath strongly punctured, except the last 
four ventral segments. Postcoxal plates not reaching one-half the 
length of basal segment. Parabolic in form behind. Three specimens, 
I 9 mm. 

Balsam, North Carolina, June. IQIO. Tn fungus. This 
species recalls Mr. Fall's S. ornata from Alabama, but is larger, 
much broader, elytral maculation different and punctures finer. 

Athous lengi n. sp. 

Color ochre-yellow with an oblong piceous cloud in middle of thorax, 
extending from base to apex, and another along elytral suture from 
scutellum to apex. Thorax closely and strongly punctate, elytra and 
body beneath more finely so. Antennal joints of male more serrate 
than in female. Second joint short, third to eleventh subequal in 
length. Front coxae covered with dense fine pale buff-colored pubes- 
cence. Male 13 mm., and female 16 mm. long. 

One from Balsam, North Carolina, and one from Clayton. 
Georgia. One also taken at Clayton by Dr. Lore of New 
York, June. A large stout species that recalls in facies the 
female of Corymbites longicornis from North Carolina, and 
Athous znttiger from the State of Washington, though very 
different structurally. Named in honor of Chas. W. Leng, of 
New York. 


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The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
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TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
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according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
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It will probably be of interest to the younger entomologists 
to know something of Major John Eatton LeConte, whose pic- 
ture appears on the covers of this year's issues of the NEWS, 
and will be placed on the title-page of the completed volume. 
"He was born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, in 1784 and died in 
1860, having lived most of his life in New York. Entering the 
corps of topographical engineers of the United States Army 
with the rank of captain, at the age of thirty-four, he remained 
in the government service until 1831, attaining the rank of 
brevet-major in 1828, for ten years' faithful service. His tastes 
were many sided, but his special studies, those which were the 
passion of his life, were in natural history. Before he entered 
the engineer corps he published a catalogue of the plants of 
New York City in the journal edited by Dr. Hosack, under 
whom his brother had studied medicine, and in subsequent 
years, during his connection with the army and afterwards, 
he published special studies on Urtricularia. Gratiola, PuclUa, 
Tillandsia, Viola and Pancratium, as well as on our native 
grape-vines, tobacco and pecan-nut. He published also a 
variety of papers on mammals, reptiles, batrachians and crus- 
tacea, mostly of a systematic character, and collected a vast 
amount of material for the natural history of our insects, as 
may be seen by a single installment that was published in 



Paris in conjunction with Boisduval upon North American 
butterflies (Histoire Generale et Iconographie des Lepidopter- 
es et des Chenilles de I'Amerique Septentrionale). Coleop- 
tera, however, may be said to have been his specialty, par- 
ticularly in the latter part of his career, though he published 
only four papers on them, and mainly upon a single family, 
the Histeridae. He not only amassed a considerable collec- 
tion, but left behind a most extensive series of water-color il- 
lustrations of our native insects and plants made with his own 
hands." * 

He was the father of Dr. John Lawrence LeConte, the dis- 
tinguished Coleopterist, who died in 1883. 

Notes and Ne\vs. 


AN oil portrait of Dr. John Lawrence LeConte, the distinguished 
American Coleopterist, was presented to the Academy of Natural 
Sciences of Philadelphia, on Tuesday, April 18, 1911, by Mrs. LeConte. 
Dr. Henry Skinner made the presentation on her behalf. 

A STATE Biological Survey has been organized at the University of 
Colorado, the work being in the hands of a committee consisting of 
Professors F. Ramaley, T. D. A. Cockerell and J. Henderson. The 
work of such a survey has been carried on for a number of years past, 
but until now there has been no definite organization. The work in- 
cludes fossil as well as living species of plants and animals. Science. 

TAXONOMIC VALUE of the Genital Armature in the Tse-tse flies 
(Glossina). Mr. Robert Newstead gave an address on this topic to 
the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society, December 19, 
19 10, an abstract of which occupies nearly a page each in theEntomolo- and the Entomologists' Monthly Magazine for March, 1911. He 
finds the male armature to be "the true and almost only natural ana- 
tomic elements that can at present be found in these insects." On 
this basis the eleven species now known fall into three very striking 
and distinct groups. 

*S. H. Scudder, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., Vol. XI. (Appendix). The 
superb collection of Major LeConte's drawings of insects are now the 
property of the Missouri Botanical Garden, and it is a great pity they 
have never been published, as they could be splendidly reproduced by 
tlit half-tone process. H. S. 


Jones proposes the new genus X-us, 1900, type species albus Smith, 
1890. It later develops that albus Smith, 1890, as determined by Jones, 
1900, is an erroneous determination. What is the genotype of X-us, 
1900; albus Smith, 1890, or the form erroneously identified by Jones as 
albus in 1900? , 

Discussion. -The nomenclatorial problem expressed in the caption of 
this note is solved in two diametrically opposite ways by different 
authors. Some writers maintain that the original albus Smith, 1890, is 
the genotype, while others maintain that the genotype is represented 
by the species actually studied by Jones and misdetermined as albus 
Smith. Cases of this general nature have given rise to considerable 
confusion in nomenclature, and several such cases have been referred 
to the International Commission on Nomenclature for opinion. At the 
last meeting of the commission, the principles involved came up for dis- 
cussion, but it was impossible to reach a unanimous agreement. On 
account of the differences of opinion, the secretary was instructed to 
make a careful study of a number of cases, and to report upon the 
same to the commission. It is not difficult to foresee that no matter 
how the cases are finally decided, great dissatisfaction will arise among 
zoologists because the opinion rendered is not the direct opposite of 
what it eventually will be. Recognizing that this is one of the most 
difficult cases that has ever been submitted to the commission, and 
recognizing the fact that regardless of our action we shall probably 
be criticized more on basis of our decision on this case than because 
of any other opinion that we have rendered, I am desirous of studying 
at least one hundred cases if possible, that would come under such 
ruling, before my report is formulated. In view of the foregoing 
premises, I respectfully request zoologists in different groups to call my 
attention to as many instances of this kind as possible, with which 
they are acquainted in their different specialties. Further, since the 
arguments on both sides of the problem appear to be almost equally 
valid, it does not seem impossible that the final decision will have to 
be based upon an arbitrary choice between the two possible rulings 
and on this account I am desirous of obtaining all possible arguments 
on both sides as they occur to different zoologists, and also any per- 
sonal views based upon convenience or inconvenience, or other grounds, 
which may be held by different colleagues. I will hold the case open 
at least until September i, for the presentation of arguments by any 
persons who may desire to submit their views. C. W. STILES, Secre- 
tary of the Commission. Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. Dept. 
Agric., Washington, D. C. (Reprinted from Science}. 


Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

3 The American Naturalist. 4 The Canadian Entomologist. 
7 U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 
8 The Entomologist's Monthly Mag-azine, London. 9 The 
Entomologist, London. 11 Annals and Magazine of Natural 
History, London. 19 Horae Societatis Entomologiae Rossicae. 
22 Zoologischer Anzeiger, Leipzig. 35 Annalen, Societe Ento- 
mologique de Belgique. 45 Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift. 
46 Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 50 Proceedings, U. S. Nation- 
al Museum. 73 Archives, Zoologie, Experimentale et Generale, 
serie 5, Paris. 84 Entomologische Rundschau. 89 Zoologische 
Jahrbucher, Jena. 92 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Insekten- 
biologie. 143 Ohio Naturalist. 148 New York Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station, Geneva. 163 American Journal of Science, New 
Haven, Conn. 179 Journal of Economic Entomology. 185 
Journal, Quekett Microscopical Club, London. 193 Entomologische 
Blatter, Nurnberg. 204 New York S'tate Museum Bulletin. 216 
Entomologische Zeitschrift, Stuttgart. 220 New Jersey Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station, New Brunswick, N. J. 240 Maine Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station, Orono. 272 Memorias, Real Aca- 
demia de Ciencias y Artes de Barcelona. 285 Nature Study Re- 
view, Urbana, Illinois. 305 Deutsche Entomologische National- 
Bibliothek, Berlin. 310 L'Echange, Revue Linneene, Moulins, 326 
Le Progress Agricole et Viticole, Villefranche, France. 327 
Scientific Memoirs by Officers of the Medical and Sanitary De- 
partments of the Government of India, (new Ser.), Calcutta. 328 
Anales del Museo Nacional de Montevido. 329 Zoologica, Stutt- 
gart. 330 London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Maga- 
zine and Journal of Science, London. 331 Annual Report, Ex- 
perimental Farms, Canada Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. 
332 Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 
Los Angeles. 


GENERAL SUBJECT. Felt, E. P. 26th report of the state 
entomologist on injurious and other insects of the state of New 
York, 1910, 204, No. 147, 104 pp. Handlirsch, A. New paleozoic 
insects from the vicinity of Mazon Creek, Illinois, (continuation), 
163, xxxi, 353-377 (*). Hartzell^ F. Z. A preliminary report on 
grape insects, 148, Bui. No. 331, 489-581. Hawkins, L. S. Studies 
of aquatic insects, 285 vii, 91-96. Hewitt, C. G. Report of the 
Entomologist (of Experimental farms of Canada), 331, 1910, 223- 
250. Johannsen, O. A. Insect notes for 1910, 240, Bui. No. 187, 
J.-10. Michelson, A. A. On metallic coloring in birds and insects, 
330, xxi, 554-567. Muller, R. Die uebertragung von krankheiten 
durch insekten, (cont.), 216, xxv, 17-19. Murtfeldt, M. E. Why 
collect insects? 179, iv, 229-230. Sherborn & Durrant Note on 
John Curtis' British Entomology, 1824-39; 1829-40; and 1862, 8, 
xxii, 84-85. Smith, J. B. Insects injurious to the peach trees in 
N. J., 220, Bui. No. 235. Sorauer, P. Handbuch der pflanzen- 
krankheiten. Lief. 23, 401-430 pp., Berlin. Wilson, H. F. Some 
old methods applied in a new manner to a collecting machine, 179, 
iv, 286-288. Zweigelt, F. Das sammeln in der natur und seine 
wissenschaftliche und psychologische bedeutung (cont.) 84, xxviii, 

APTERA & NEUROPTERA. Alderson, E. M. Notes on the 
life-history of Chrysopa flava, 9, xliv, 126-129. Hoffmann, R. W. 
Zur kenntnis der entwicklungsgeschichte der Collembolen, 22, 
xxxvii, 353-377. Krauss, H. A. Monographic der Embiden, 329, 
Heft 60, 78 pp. Lewis, R. T. Note on the larva of Mantispa, 185, 
xi, 213-216. Patch, E. M. Insect notes for 1910. Psyllidae, 240, 
Bui. No. 187, 10-20 (*). Schirmer, C. Libellen-studien, 84, xxviii, 

ORTHOPTERA. Bruner, L. Report on an interesting collec- 
tion of locusts from Peru, 19, xxxix, 464-488. Burr, M. Vorlaufige 
revision der Labiiden, 305, ii, 58-61 (n. g.). Caudell, A. N. De- 
scription of a n. sp. of Orthoptera from Texas, 4, xliii, 137-138 (*). 
Heymons, R. Ueber die lebensweise von Hemimerus, 45, 1911, 
163-174. Parrott, P. J. Oviposition among tree-crickets, 179, iv, 
216-218. Zacher, F. Die schadelbildung einiger Eudermaptera 
nebst bemerkungen uber die gattungen Elaunon und Diaperasticus, 
45, 1911, 145-148. 

HEMIPTERA. Davis, J. J. A list of the Aphididae of Illinois, 
with notes on some of the species, (cont.) 179, iii, 482-499. Dis- 
tant, W. L. Rhynchotal notes LIV. Pentatomidae from various 
regions, 11, vii, 338-354. On some controversial items concerning 


a few Rhynchota, 35, Iv, 88-89. Herrick, G. W. The cabbage 
aphis, Aphis brassicae, 179, iv, 219-224. Kershaw, J. C. Notes on 
the salivary-glands and syringe of two spp. Hemiptera, 35, Iv, 80-83. 
Lindinger, L. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Schildlause und ihrer 
Verbreitung, II (cont.), 92, vi, 437-441; vii, 9-12. Lohrenz, H. W. 
The woolly Aphis, Schizoneura lanigera, 179, iv, 162-170. Murt- 
ieldt, M. E. Habits of the honeysuckle aphis, Rhopalosiphum 
xylostei, 179, iv, 227-228. Patch, E. M. Plant lice of the apple in 
Maine, 240, 11-22. Insect notes for 1910, Aphididae, 240, 
Bui. No. 187, 20-23. Poppius, B. Zwei neue nearktische Miriden 
gattungen, 35, Iv, 84-87 (*). Schumacher, F. Beitrage zur Kennt- 
nis der Biologic der Asopiden (cont.), 92, vi, 430-437. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Bethune,, C. J. S. Smerinthus cerisyi Kirby, 
(not cerysii), 4, xliii, 132. Busck, A. Descriptions of tineoid moths 
from So. America, 50, xl, 205-230. Foster, S. W. Life history of 
the codling moth and its control on pears in California, 7, Bull. No. 
97, pt. 2, 13-51 pp. Fyles,, T. W. Gnorimoschema gallaediplopap- 
pi and G. gallaeasterella, 4, xliii, 135-137. Gerould, J. H. The 
inheritance of polymorphism and sex in Colias philodice, 3, xlv, 
257-283. Gibson, A. The preparatory stages of Phragmatobia as- 
similans, variety franconia, 4, xliii, 125-128. Grinnell, F., Jr. Notes 
and additions to the list of Southern California Lepidoptera, 332, 
x, 12-13. Kopec, S. Ueber den feineren bau einer zwitterdruse von 
Lymantria dispar, 22, xxxviii, 262-270. Kusnezov, N. J. On the 
probable viviparity in some Danaid, i. e., Pierid, butterflies. (Rus- 
sian, summary in English), 19, xxxix, 634-651. Patch, E. M. Cut 
worms in Maine, 240, 23-24. Picard, F. Les micrilepidopteres de 
la vigne, Pyrale, Cochylis, Eudemis, 326, xxxii, 448-469. Schaus, 
W. New species of Heterocera from Costa Rica, 11, vii, 355-372. 
Thiele, R. Die aufzucht der seidenraupen mit schwarzwurzelblat- 
tern, 45, 1911, 220-221. Tremoleras, J. Apuntes lepidopterologicos, 
328, i, 89-95. Webster, R. L. Notes on the wheat-head army worms 
(Meliana albilinea) as a timothy pest, 179, iv, 179-184. Wheeler, G. 
-The Athalia group of the genus Melitaea, (cont.), 9, xliv, 10-13. 
Wildermuth, V. L. The alfalfa caterpillar (Eurymus eurytheme), 
7, Circ. No. 133. 

DIPTERA. Banks, N. Four n. sp. of Asilidae, 4, xliii, 128-130 
(*). Cunningham, J. The destruction of fleas by exposure to the 
sun, 327, No. 40. Dean, W. H. The sorghum midge (Contarinia 
sorghicola), 7, Bull. No. 85, pt. IV revised. De Meijere, J. C. H. 
Ueber in farnen parasitierende Hymenopteren-und Dipteren-larven, 
46,, liv, 80-127. Felt, E. P. Miastor larvae, 4, xliii, 134-135. Hen- 
del, F. Bie arten der Dipteren-subfamilie Richardiinae, 45, 1911, 


181-212 (*). Hine, J. S. New species of Diptera of the genus Erax, 
143, xi, 307-311 (*). Johannsen, O. A. The typhoid fly and its al- 
lies, 240, 1-7. Schnabel, J. Ueber die gattungsrechte der gattung 
Pegomyia, 19, xxxix, 105-114. Schoene, W. J. Notes on the life 
history and habits of Pegomya brassicae, 179, iv, 210-216. Thiene- 
mann, A. Das sammeln von puppenhauten der Chironomiden, 45, 
1911, 161-162. 

COLEOPTERA. Arrow, G. J. On lamellicorn beetles belong- 
ing to the subfamilies Ochodaeinae, Orphninae, Hybosorinae, and 
Troginae; 11, vii, 390-397 (*). Bofill y Pichot, J. M. Algunos datos 
analomicos y biologicos del Anthrenus verbasci, 272, viii, No. 26, 
11 pp. Britten, H. Coleoptera from underground wasps' nests, 
8, xxii, 89-90. Chittenden, F. H. The broad-nosed grain weevil 
(Caulophilus latinastus) and the long-headed flour beetle (Lathe- 
ticus oryzae), 7, Bull. No. 96 pt. 2. The lesser and larger grain- 
borer (Rhizopertha dominica and Dinoderus truncatus), 7, Bull. 
No. 96 pt. 3. Felsche, C. Coprophage Scarabaeiden, 45, 1911, 133- 
141. Franck, P. Ueber einen argentinischen russelkafer, der im 
wasser schwimmen kann, 45, 1911, 141-144. Gahan, C. J. On some 
recent attempts to classify the Coleoptera in accordance with their 
phylogeny, 9, xliv, 121-125. Gebien, H. Die gattung Phrenapates, 
45, 1911, 149-161. Coleopterorum catalogus, Paris. 28: Tenebrioni- 
dae III, 357-585 pp. Hinds & Turner Life history of the rice 
weevil (Calandra aryza) in Alabama, 179, iv, 230-236. Holdhaus, 
K. Die Oekologie und die Sammeltechnik der terricolen Coleop- 
teren, 193, vii, 6-9, 47-55, 76-86. Kelly, E. O. G. The maize bill- 
bug (Sphenophorus maidis), 7, Bui. No. 95 pt. 2. McDermott & 
Crane A comparative study of the structure of the photogenic 
organs of certain American Lampyridae, 3, xlv, 306-313. Morris, 
F. J. A. Beetles found about foliage, 4, xliii, 109-118. Nusslin, O. 
Phylogenie und system der Borkenkafer, (cont.), 92, vii, 1-5. Phil- 
lips, W. J. The timothy stem-borer, a new timothy insect, (Mordel- 
listena ustulata), 7, Bull. No. 95, pt. 1, 9 pp. Pic, M. Coleopteres 
exotiques nouveaux ou peu connus, (cont.), 310, 1910, 5-7, 12-14, 
20-22, 28-30, 36-37, 45-47, 53-54, 60-63, 69-71, 74-78, 86-87, 94-95. 
Webster, F. M. The lesser clover-leaf weevil (Phytonomus nigri- 
rostris), 7, Bull. No. 85, pt. 1. The alfalfa weevil (Phytonomus 
murinus), 7, Circ. No. 137. 

HYMENOPTERA. Bradley, J. C. A new Thynnid wasp from 
Brazil, 45, 1911, 131-132. Brauns, H. Biologisches ueber sudafri- 
kanische Hymenopteren, (cont.), 92, vi, 445-447; vii, 16-19. Cock- 
erell, T. D. A. Some new bees from flowers of Cactaceae, 4, xliii, 
131-132 (*). Bees in the collection of the U. S. Nat. Museum, 2, 


50, xl, 241-264 (*). De Meijere, J. C. H. Ueber in farnen para- 
sitierende Hymenopteren-und Dipteren-larven, 46, liv, 80-127. 
Girault, A. A. An egg-parasite of the codling moth belonging to 
the family Mymaridae, 4, xliii, 133-134. Howard, L. O. A n. sp. of 
Coccophagus, with a table of the host relations of those species 
of the genus known to the writer, 179, iv, 276-277 (*). Kaye, W. J. 
New species of Syntomidae from Br. Guiana and So. Brazil, 9, 
xliv, 142-146. Popovici-Baznosanu, A. Contribution a 1'etude bio- 
logique des sphegiens (Trypoxylon et Psenulus), 73, vi, xciii-ciii. 
Rohwer, S. A. Notes on Tenthredinoidea, with descriptions of 
n. sp. Paper XIII, Miscellaneous notes, 4, xliii, 119-123. Rudow, 
Dr. Afterraupen der blattwespen und ihre entwicklung, (cont.), 
84, xxviii, 53-54, 61-62. Schon, A. Bau und entwicklung des tibia- 
len chordotonalorgans bei der honigbiene und bei ameisen, 89, 
xxxl, 439-472. Turner, R. E. Notes on Fossorial Hymenoptera 
III, 11, vii, 297-310. Viereck, H. L. Descriptions of six n. g. and 
thirty-one n. sp. of Ichneumon flies, 50, Ix, 173-196 (*). 

By Edward Doubleday Harris, Truan Press, Yonkers, New 
York, 1911. 

The advent of the printed pin-locality-label marked a distinct ad- 
vance in the study of entomology, as many interesting problems will 
be solved by a study of geographical distribution and seasonal appear- 
ance. Mr. Harris has given the student of distribution a useful guide 
and has made his splendid collection of these beetles of use to the 
scientific world. There are too many collections that are only a source 
of pleasure to the owners and contain a large amount of valuable data 
tliat may or may not become of use. The genus Cicindela is a very 
interesting one from the standpoint of evolution and illustrates the 
words of LeConte spoken many years ago : "The prevailing character 
of tropical faunas is individuality, the production of peculiar forms 
within limited regions, while the distinguishing feature of temper- 
ate and Arctic faunas is the repetition of similar or identical forms 
through extensive localities." The Coleopterists have been prone to 
poke fun at the Lepidopterists, alleging lack of anatomical characters 
ir descriptive work, and undue reliance on color. A careful study of 
specific values in the Cicindelidae will show some surprising things, 
and I am afraid, in some instances, the best method of determining 
species is to rely on the locality label. This work by Mr. Harris will 
be found very useful to the systematist, and the student of distribu- 
tion and geographical variation. H. S. 


drew Gray Weeks, Jr. Second volume. University Press, Cambridge, 
Mass. This work contains twenty-one beautiful and accurate illustra- 
tions of new species lithographed in color. The species were taken in 
the neighborhood of the Suapure River in Venezuela. Mr. Weeks 
is to be congratulated on this excellent work as it is a valuable contri- 
bution to the literature of exotic Rhopalocera. The frontispiece is an 
engraved portrait of the late distinguished student of the butterflies, 
Mr. William Henry Edwards. There is given a list of the writings of 
Mr. Edwards and a list of the species received from Suapure. We 
hope to see additional volumes by Mr. Weeks. If all new species were 
illustrated in this way the study would be relieved of many difficulties. 

It may be well in this connection to call attention to the joint work 
"Illustrations of North American Lepidoptera Sphingidae," by J. W. 
Weidemeyer, S. Calverley and W. H. Edwards, published by the 
American Entomological Society in 1903. H. S. 

PHIA, 1859-1909. Prepared by request of the Society by E. T. Cresson 
with an introduction by the Rev. Henry C. McCook, D.D., Philadelphia, 
Pa. This pamphlet of sixty pages has been issued by the society whose 
name and seal it bears on the title-page as a result of the meeting 
held February 15, 1909, in commemoration of its fiftieth anniversary. 
At that meeting, Mr. E. T. Cresson, sole survivor of the three founders 
of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, read a history of the 
earlier years of its existence and then moved that a Committee be ap- 
pointed to bring the history up-to-date. This action having been de- 
cided on, Rev. Dr. Henry C. McCook, Mr. Benjamin H. Smith and 
Dr. Henry Skinner were charged with this duty, and the present 
pamphlet is the result of their labors. Its contents are: an Introduc- 
tion by Dr. McCook, the history of the Society, 1859-1909 (18 pages), 
the proceedings of the fiftieth anniversary meeting, statements of the 
contents of the Society's collections of insects and library, lists of the 
names and terms of officers, a list of the past and present resident and 
corresponding members, and a copy of the act of incorporation of the 
Entomological Society of Philadelphia by the Legislature of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1862. (By action of the Court, this charter was on petition 
amended in 1867, and the Society's name changed to "The American 
Entomological Society"). The pamphlet is illustrated by three por- 
traits those of Dr. Thomas B. Wilson, (died March 15, 1865), its early 
and greatest benefactor; Dr. John L. LeConte (president 1859-60, 1870- 
83), and Dr. George H. Horn (president 1867-68, 1884-97). 


Doings of Societies. 


Meeting of February I5th, 1911, at 1523 S. I3th St., Phila- 
delphia. Twelve members were present. President Haim- 
bach in the chair. 

Prof. Smith read a very interesting article entitled "Entomol- 
ogy the Old and the New," contrasting the older and young- 
er generations. This led to a general discussion on collectors 
and the lack of knowledge displayed by the majority of these. 

Mr. Daecke recorded the following species of Diptera which 
did not appear in the latest New Jersey List: Diachlorus fer- 
rugattts Fabr., "The Yellow Fly of the Dismal Swamp," col- 
lected by himself at Weymouth, VII-3O-'o4 and Stone Har- 
bor VIII-3-'o7. 

Mr. Harbeck exhibited five species of Tachinidae, showing 
their extremes in size and mentioning their hosts ; they were : 
Archytas aterrima Desv., Wintheinia quadripustitlata Fabr., 
Senotainia trilineata V. d W., Cryptomeigenia tJientis Walker 
and Cistogastcr immaculata Macq. 

A vote of thanks was extended to Mr. Haimbach for the 
manner in which he entertained the Social in January. 

Adjourned to the annex. 

Meeting of March i5th, 1911, at 1523 S. i3th St., Phila- 
delphia. Eight members were present. Vice-President Wenzel 
in the chair. 

Mr. Laurent mentioned the different broods of the Periodi- 
cal Cicada, and said that they could be easily traced, but it was 
hard to understand their overlapping. The same speaker 
also made some remarks regarding the collecting of Lepidop- 
tera while away on a long trip, stating that all specimens of one 
inch or less expanse should be pinned with the wings hanging 
downwards, as such specimens were easily relaxed and good 
mounts could be made. This was particularly the case with 
the butterflies of the genus Pamphila, as where the specimens 


had been papered it was almost impossible to make a good and 
perfect mount. The pin in the field should be two sizes smaller 
than the one finally used for the collection. This led to a 
general discussion on the different modes of mounting other 

Mr. Wenzel exhibited several boxes of his recently re- 
mounted and re-arranged weevils. 

Adjourned to the annex. GEO. M. GREENE, Secretary. 


The regular meeting that was to be held on February 12, 
191 1, at the Newark Turn Hall was dispensed with, and in- 
stead the following fifteen members Angelman, Brehme, Broad- 
well, Buenson, Doerfel, Doll, Erhard, Franck, Keller, Lem- 
mer, McCormack, Mayfield, Porter, Schmich and Schleckser, 
on the invitation of Mr. Kearfott, visited him at his residence 
in Montclair. Mr. Kearfott invited the "boys" to look at his 
collection of Micro-lepidoptera which contains about 150,000 
specimens, and which without doubt is one of the largest of 
its kind in the world. 

Several hours were spent in looking over the tiny insects, 
and then Mr. Kearfott invited the visitors to take lunch and 
refreshments. The members appreciated the hospitality very 
much and a vote of thanks was tendered to Mr. Kearfott. 

Meeting of March I2th, 1911, at the Newark Turn Hall. 
President Buchholz in the chair; eleven members present, Mr. 
H. Kircher and H. Schwandke, visitors. 

Mr. Herpers presented the Society with a set of the Bulle- 
tin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society, Volumes 1-2-3 and 
5, and also a copy of Explanation of Terms used in Entomo- 
logy, published by the Brooklyn Entomological Society in 1883. 
A series of seventeen year locusts, collected by Mr. Herpers in 
1894, were donated to the Society's collection. 

Mr. Kircher reported finding a Ccratomia midnlosa cater- 
pillar feeding on Trumpet Vine. 


Meeting of April gth, 1911, at Newark Turn Hall. Presi- 
dent Buchholz in the chair ; twelve members present. 

On the motion of Mr. Keller to hold a field meeting on May 
30th, the President appointed Messrs. Keller, Brehme and Er- 
hard as a committee to select a suitable place for the meeting. 
The Field Committee selected Springfield, New Jersey, for 
this meeting. 

Mr. Keller reported that he had seen the Starlings (Sturnus 
vulgaris) picking the soft Arctia cocoons from sides of houses. 

A general discussion on Forestry and Collecting in the 
United States and Germany by Messrs. Keller, Kircher and 
Buchholz was very interesting. The general belief was that 
more collecting is done by beating trees in Germany than in 
the United States. HERMAN H. BREHME, Secretary. 



From a memorial notice (in Dutch) contributed to the latest 
issue (Volume 54, first Aflevering, April 8, 1911) of the Tijd- 
sckrift voor Entomologie by Dr. Ed. Everts, we learn some 
particulars of the life of this young Dutch neuropterist. Van 
der Weele was born October 8, 1879. His education was ob- 
tained at the Leyden High School, especially under Prof. A. 
C. K. Hoffman, and later at the University of Berne, Switzer- 
land, at which latter, under Prof. W. Studer's direction, he pro- 
duced his dissertation Morphologic und Entwicklnng der Gon- 
apophysen der Odonaten and obtained his doctor's degree. 
He became second conservator of insects at the Leyden Mu- 
seum of Natural History, and went thence to the Dutch East 
Indies where he succumbed to cholera in Batavia, Java, August 
29, 1910. His bibliography comprises twenty-seven titles of 
papers in English, French and German, the most extensive 
among them being two fascicules, on Ascalaphides, Sialides 
and Rhaphidides, of the Catalogue Systematique et descriptif 


des collection zoologiques du Baron Edm. de Selys Long- 
champs. The memorial notice is accompanied by a portrait of 
van der Weele. 


The same number of the Tijdschrift contains also a bio- 
graphical notice (in Dutch) of Dr. E. Piaget, with two portraits 
at different periods of his life, by Dr. H. J. Veth. Dr. Piaget 
was born November 3, 1817, at Les Bayards, canton of Neucha- 
tel, Switzerland. He went to Holland about the age of eight- 
een, and studied law at the University of Leyden, intending 
to return to Switzerland as an advocate. He remained in 
Holland, however, until 1882, much of the time as lector in 
the Erasmian Gymnasium and in the Higher Burgerschool, at 
Rotterdam. Returning to his native land, he remained there 
until his death in the hospital at Couvet, September 10, 1910. 
He was interested in Botany and Entomology, in the latter be- 
ing chiefly known for his work on the Pediculina, his principal 
memoir being Les Pediculines, Essai Monographique (Leide, 
E. J. Brill, 1880, pp. xxxix. 714, and atlas of 54 plates) with 
a Supplement thereto in 1885 (pp. xii, 162, 17 plates). His 
entomological papers date from 1869 to 1895. His entomolo- 
gical collection, herbarium and library were presented to the 
city of Neuchatel in 1905. He was also the author of a history 
of the Jesuit order. 


The daily newspapers announce the death of this veteran 
entomologist and paleontologist at his home in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, on May 17, 1911. We hope to publish a notice 
of his life and work in the next number of the NEWS. 


Lines 14 to 17, page 227, of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS for May, 1911, 
should be transferred to the note on "Platypsylia castoris Rits. in Cali- 
fornia'' at the top of the same page. 



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JULY, 1911. 


Vol. XXII. No. 7 

Major John Eatton Le Conte, 1784-1860. 

PHILIP P. CALVERT, Ph.D., Editor. 
E. T. CRESSON, JR., Associate Editor. 

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Plate VIII. 






VOL. XXII. JULY, 1911. No. 7. 


Obituar> Samuel Hubbard Scudder. . 289 Walton Notes on Pennsylvania!! Dip- 
Haskin and Grinnell Thecla clytie, tera. with two new species of Syr- 

leda and ines fLepid.) 293 ' phidae . . 318 

Skinner A new Variety of Megathy- ; Schroers Observations on the Lepid- 

mus yuccae CLepid.) 300 t optera of St. Louis, Missouri, and 

Doll A new Datana 300 , vicinity during 1910 322 

Felt Four new Gall Midges (Dipt.). . 301 Fditorial 325 

Knah Chrvsomela staphylea Linne in 
North America 306 

Smith Notes on the species of Acro- 
nycta ; Descriptions of new species 309 

Notes and News 326 

Entomological Literature 328 

Doings of Societies 335 

Samuel Hubbard Scudder. 

(Portrait, Plate VIII) 

This distinguished American entomologist died May I7th, 
1911, aged seventy-four years. He was born in Boston, 
Mass., April I3th, 1837, an d lived in Cambridge, at 156 
Brattle Street. He was educated at Williams College and 
received honorary degrees from Harvard and the University 
of Pittsburgh. From 1864 to 1870 he was Custodian of the 
Boston Society of Natural History, and from 1879 to 1882 
Assistant Librarian at Harvard University. From 1886 to 
1892 he was Paleontologist to the U. S. Geological Survey; 
he served as General Secretary of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science in 1875, and was a Vice 
President of the Association in 1894. 

He was the greatest Orthopterist America has produced. 
His first paper on recent Orthoptera, in 1861, in the Proceed- 
ings of the Boston Society of Natural History, volume VIII, 
was "On the genus Raphidophora, Serville," etc. ; his last on 
recent Orthoptera was published in April, 1902, in conjunc- 
tion with Professor T. D. A. Cockerell, entitled "A first list 



of the Orthoptera of New Mexico" in Proceedings of the 
Davenport Academy of Sciences, volume IX. 

The total number of his writings on North American Or- 
thoptera is 131, and his work was chiefly upon the North 
American forms of the order, but over one hundred exotic spe- 
cies also were described by him. 

The most noteworthy of these North American papers were 
the following: 

Entomological Notes, which ran in the Proceedings of the 
Boston Society of Natural History, volumes XI to XIX, 
(1868-78) and treated of Lepidoptera as well as Orthoptera. 

A Century of Orthoptera, Decades I-X, in the same Pro- 
ceedings, volumes XII-XX, (1868-79). Some of these ap- 
peared also as portions of the Entomological Notes series. 

Catalogue of the Orthoptera of North America described 
previous to 1867. Washington, 1868. 

Various papers based on the collections made by Packard, 
Hayden, Wheeler and others in the government survey and 
expedition work of the '6o's and '70*5. 

Guide to the Genera and Classification of the North Ameri- 
can Orthoptera found North of Mexico. Cambridge, 1897. 

Revision of the Orthopteran Group Melanopli, Wash., 

Catalogue of the Described Orthoptera of the United States 
and Canada. Davenport, 1900. 

Alphabetical Index to North American Orthoptera describ- 
ed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Boston, 1901. 

His work on the Orthoptera may be summed up by say- 
ing that it was the basis on which the present classification of 
North American Orthoptera was developed. 

J. A. G. R. 

Dr. Scudder began writing on the diurnal lepidoptera about 
fifty years ago, and contributed very largely to the literature 
of the subject. His papers are to be found in most of the 


entomological journals of the country, and also in the most of 
the publications of the learned societies of New England. He 
described a goodly number of our butterflies, and the students 
of the future will often think of him in connection with such 
interesting species as Argynnis montinus, Melitaea harrisii, 
Anaea andria, Colias interior, Pamphila metea, mystic, mana- 
taaqua, panoquin, hianna, Amblyscirtes samoset, Pyrgus tes- 
sellata, Thanaos martialis, etc. He described about thirty 
species of butterflies found in the United States. His writ- 
ings cover practically all phases of the subject and show mark- 
ed originality : they number about one hundred papers and 
some valuable books and memoirs, the work entailing the 
greatest amount of labor, and research being his Butterflies 
of the Eastern United States and Canada, with special refer- 
ence to New England, in three volumes, Cambridge, 1889, 
(published by the author). This is a mine of information, 
from all sources, and will be invaluable for many years to 
come. Special attention was given to the distribution, habits, 
and life-histories and careful descriptions of the various 
stages of life. An important feature is the mention of the 
"desiderata" or the gaps in our knowledge of the species in 
any particular. 

Other works are as follows: The Life of a Butterfly 
(Anosia plexippus) (1893) > Butterflies: Their Structure, 
Changes and Life Histories, with Special Reference to Ameri- 
can Forms, (1881) : A Brief Guide to the Commoner Butter- 
flies of the United States, (1893) ' Fossil Butterflies; Histori- 
cal Sketch of the Generic Names Proposed for Butterflies; 
Frail Children of the Air (1895); Every-Day Butterflies, A 
Group of Biographies ('1899); Entomological Correspondence 
of Thaddeus William Harris. 

He was for many years the editor of Psyche, the organ of 
the Cambridge Entomological Club, and contributed largely 
to its pages, and was Editor erf Science, 1883-1885. Another 
invaluable work and one that entailed an immense amount of 

292 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS U u ly> * ir 

labor was the compilation of The Nomenclator Zoologicus or 
Universal Index to the Genera in Zoology (1882). In 1890 
appeared The Tertiary Insects of North America, a work of 
663 pages and 28 plates. Mr. Scudder was the foremost 
student of fossil insects in America, and in addition to this 
large work wrote other important papers in this branch of 
study, such as the section on fossil Myriopods, Arachnoids 
and Insects in Zittel's great Handbuch dcr Paleontologie 
(1885, English translation 1900). He contributed largely to 
our knowledge of the fauna of the New England States, and 
particularly of the White Mountains of New Hampshire. His 
studies in classification were largely accepted the world over. 
In conjunction with Edward Burgess he was a pioneer in the 
study of the genitalia of the butterflies ; on antigeny or sexual 
dimorphism, on androconia and other parts of the minute 
anatomy, he did important work. In a brief notice it is im- 
possible to even mention all his activities. 

He was perhaps the greatest scholar and man of the great- 
est literary ability among the entomologists that America has 
produced. His biography of John Lawrence LeConte well 
illustrates this ability and his painstaking care in research. He 
was a man of culture, refinement and gentlemanly instincts, 
and in his home was hospitable and kindly to all that came 
to seek knowledge and consult the wealth of material in his 
collection. He added great lustre to the study of entomol- 
ogy in America, and his high abilities were recognized with 
honorary or corresponding membership by leading scientific 
societies of the Old World. H. S. 

THE PUGET SOUND MARINE STATION established by the University 
of Washington at Friday Harbor, Washington, in the summer of 
1004, and since 1908 placed upon a co-operative basis, (practically all 
of the educational institutions of the Northwest participating in the 
organization), will this year offer courses in Botany and Zoology, 
from June 26 to August 3, opportunities for research, etc. For in- 
formation apply to Professor Trevor Kincaid, University of Washing- 
ton, Seattle, Wash. 


Thecla clytie, leda and ines (Lepid.). 

By J. R. HASKIN, Los Angeles, Cal., and F. GRINNELL, JR. 

In May and June, 1908, Mr. Grinnell took twenty specimens 
of a small Thecla near Dos Palmos Spring, in the Santa Rosa 
Mountains, southern California, at an elevation of 3500 feet. 
In July, 1910, Mr. Haskin took seven specimens of the same 
species at Cananea, Mexico, thirty miles south of the Ameri- 
can border, at 5000 feet elevation. In June, 1908, Mr. V. L. 
Clemence collected a number in the Chiricahua Mountains, of 
southern Arizona. In June and July, 1910, Messrs. Coolidge 
and Clemence collected others in the Huachuca Mountains, of 
southern Arizona, at about 5000 feet elevation. 

Mr. W. G. Wright, in his Butterflies of the West Coast, fig- 
ures the same species as Thecla ines from specimens taken in 
the Santa Rita Mountains, of Arizona and southern California, 
in October, 1892-3. Dr. Holland figures the same as Thecla 
clytie, Plate XXX, fig. 6, ? . This we presume is from the 
Edwards unique type specimen. Again in Thecla ines, Plate 
XXIX, fig. 35, $ , we find the same species. Mr. W. S. Wright, 
in the Journal of the New York Entomological Society, XVI, 
Sept., 1908, P. 162, mentions Thecla ines as taken by Mr. G. 
H. Field in July, at Jacumba, San Diego County, California. 
He supposes there are two broods, one in July and the other 
in October. 

An attempt by us to name correctly our specimens, together 
with others taken by Mr. Clemence, has led us to the conclu- 
sion that clytie, leda and ines are one and the same butterfly. 
We first made use of Holland's Butterfly Book and found that 
the ines description and figures most nearly approached our 
specimens. All of ours, however, are very distinctly marked 
with a line clear across both wings in which bright red is 
predominant. The details of this line are given in the de- 
scription which follows. In a general way we can describe 
it by saying that it is like the extra-discal line on Thecla me- 
linns with which all collectors are familiar. In fact, our speci- 
mens on the under side look very much like diminutive, pale- 
gray melinus. 



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The figure of clytie attracted our attention but the descrip- 
tion was meagre and unsatisfactory. Lacta's description men- 
tioned red on the under side, but the figure showed a differ- 
ent species. Edwards' description of lacta in Butterflies, I, 
141, Plate 47, proved that we did not have laeta. 

We next turned to Papilio, Vol. 2, pages 23-4-5, where we 
found W. H. Edwards' original descriptions of Theda leda, 
clytie and ines, clytie being reprinted from Field and Forest, 
Vol 3, page 232, 1877. A very close reading of these descrip- 
tions showed, that while our specimens most nearly resembled 
leda, still there was really less difference outlined in the three 
descriptions than could be found in a good series of T. melinns 
from one locality. They seem to be three different word pic- 
tures of the same object. In clytie Mr. Edwards polished off 
his description with great detail, and evidently made consid- 
erable use of a low power microscope. 

Leda was well finished but not quite so much attention was 
paid to detail. Ines was treated quite crudely, as compared 
with the others. Again the various details were not described 
in the same order in any two of the three descriptions and this, 
with the use of different words for the same things, gives the 
reader a first impression of a very different species. We have 
rearranged the order of the details, omitting nothing in any of 
them, however, and then compared them with our specimens. 
The results are given above and we believe will be of inter- 
est to other students. 

Concerning the body, legs, palpi, etc., these insects are so 
minute that a magnifying glass is required to follow the de- 
scriptions. We find that most of the specimens, having been 
dried and relaxed for spreading, have suffered a loss of fresh- 
ness. We feel that minute descriptions of one or two speci- 
mens under these conditions are of no value, and we therefore 
omit them. As nearly as we can gather from our best speci- 
mens the description should conclude as follows : 

Body above covered with blue scales and hair ; abdomen 
above white with a slight amount of light orange. Beneath 
white with a yellowish tinge on abdomen. Legs generally 


white, palpi white, antennae annulated black and white, club 
black tipped with ferruginous. 

Conclusion A careful comparison of these descriptions will 
show that the specimens described had only such minute dif- 
ferences as could be expected from different sections and 
different seasons. In fact there is as much or more difference 
between our description and the others as there is between 
them. If they are all legitimate we would be justified in giv- 
ing still another name to our set of specimens. 

We might conclude to call this butterfly leda, the descrip- 
tion of which most nearly approaches our specimens, with a 
lowland form clytie and a fall form ines. This, to our minds 
would be as justifiable as Edwards' fine differentiation of the 
eastern pseudargiolus forms. Clytie has apparently a distinct 
orange spot on anal angle, while our specimens show only a 
minute orange patch in the best. In clytie the thread-like line 
along under edge of wings is red, while in ours it is brown. 
And finally clytie has an almost microscopic wholly white an- 
terior tail as against our black tipped with white. Ines, on the 
other hand, is not so fully colored as our specimens. The red 
of the extra^discal line on under side disappears except for 
some ferruginous scales on certain specimens. Other minute 
color details also seem to be subdued as might easily occur 
in fall specimens. These differences, however, are really so 
minute that we consider even form names a superfluity. 

Thecla clytie was described in 1877. Leda and ines were 
described in 1882. Mr. Aaron has stated that clytie might 
possibly be adria Hewitson. Until this is demonstrated by 
some one, we believe that the synonymy of this butterfly is : 
Thecla clytie Edwards. 
Syn. leda Edwards. 
Syn. ines Edwards. 

ERISTALIS OESTRACEUS L. a North American insect. Mr. E. E. Aus- 
ten finds that E. (Syrphus) oestriformis Walker, described from the 
Albany River, Ontario, is a synonym of Linnaeus' oestraceus. (Ent. 
Mo. Mag., March, 1911, pp. 63-64). , 


A new Variety of Megathymus yuccae (Lepid.)* 

By HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Megathymus navajo n. var. 

The specimens appear to be all males. They are black in 
color, while all the specimens of yuccae 1 have seen are chest- 
nut brown. They range in size 40, 45, 47 and 50 mm. in ex- 
panse respectively. The specimens of yuccae in our collection 
range in size from 62 to 68 mm. This variety is similar to 
coloradensis Riley, but is quite different in color. The speci- 
mens were sent to me by Mr. W. C. Wood of New York, 
along with a lot of specimens of Megathymus streckeri Skin- 
ner, and at first I took the four small, black specimens of 
navajo to be males of streckeri as they are the same color 
(black). They came from Fort Wingate, New Mexico and 
were taken May I3th, 25th, 3ist and June I3th. One speci- 
men's label says "on mountain back of Fort." 

The name navajo was suggested by Mr. Wood. The but- 
terfly comes from the home of these Indians. 

The specimens of streckeri were taken on various dates 
through the month of June and make a new record for the 

Yuccae and its two varieties may be distinguished from the 
other species of the genus by the distinct triangular white spot 
below the centre of the costa on the under-side of the secon- 
dary wings. 

A new Datana (LepicL). 

By JACOB DOLL, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Datana neomexicana n. sp. 

Very near Datana integerrima var. cochise Dyar in coloration but 
differs in having the fore wings of almost uniform pale gray color, 
sprinkled more distinctly with small, dark punctures ; the costal 
shade rather feebly contrasted and of pale ochreous color; distal 
spot obsolete ; the lines as usual ; the oblique dash near apex obso- 
lete; the form of fore wings as in Datana calif arnica Dyar. 

Habitat New Mexico. 

Type One pair in the collection of the Museum of the 
Brooklyn Institute; cotype, one pair in my collection. 

This species is very distinct from D. integerrima var. cochise 
Dyar, which it resembles at first sight more than any other 
Datana, by the characters given above which are constant in 
the specimens I have seen through the kindness of Messrs. 
Brehme and Erb. 


Four new Gall Midges (Dipt.)- 

By E. P. FELT, Albany, N. Y. 

The four species described below, including the representa- 
tive of a new genus, were reared by Mr. W. H. Patterson, St. 
Vincent, W. I. Our knowledge of the gall midges of Tropi- 
cal America is exceedingly fragmentary. Careful collecting 
and rearing would result in the finding of numerous unknown 
forms, some of which would doubtless throw much light upon 
taxonomic questions. 

Asphondylia pattersoni n. sp. 

This reddish brown midge was reared February 3, 1911, 
from the flowers of fiddlewood, Cltharc.vylnm quadrangular c. 

Male. Length, 1.75 mm. Antennae distinctly longer than the body, 
sparsely haired, light brown ; 14 segments, the fifth cylindric, with a 
length five times its diameter; terminal segment wanting. Palpi: first 
segment subquadrate, the second with a length three times its diameter, 
somewhat expanded distally, the third fusiform, slightly curved, as 
long as the second. Mesonotum reddish-brown, the submedian lines an 
obscure yellowish. Scutellum yellowish brown, postscutellum fuscous 
yellowish. Abdomen rather thickly haired, yellowish brown, the basal 
segments darker, the genitalia slightly darker than the apex of the 
abdomen. Wings hyaline, costa light brown, the third vein uniting with 
the margin at the apex of the wing. Femora and tibiae mostly dark- 
brown ; claws moderately stout, strongly curved, simple, the pulvilli a 
little shorter than the claws. Genitalia: basal clasp segment greatly 
swollen, stout ; terminal clasp segment short, greatly swollen, bidentate 
apically; dorsal plate divided, the lobes orbicular, sparsely setose. Other 
organs indistinct. 

Female. Length 1.75 mm. Antennae a little shorter than the body, 
sparsely haired, light brown : 14 segments, the fifth cylindric, with a 
length about five times its diameter; the thirteenth segment subqua- 
drate, the fourteenth subglobosc. Palpi : first segment short, sub- 
quadrate, the second subglobose. the third with a length four times its 
diameter and somewhat dilated. Ovipositor, when extended, about as 
long as the abdomen, the aciculate portion moderately stout ; dorsal 
pouch apparently represented by an indistinct, thickly setose lobe hardly 
comparable with the highly developed organ observable in most species 
of Asphondylia. 

Type. Cecid a2i32, N. Y. State Museum. 



The unidentate anterior claws and two circumfili indicate a 
relationship to Erosomyia Felt from which it is easily separated 
by alar characters. The dentate anterior claws prevent the 
reference to this form to Contarinia and the same is true of 
the genitalia, which latter approach in structure those of The- 

Type. To.i'omyia fwigicola n. sp. 

Toxomyia fungicola n. sp. 

The small, yellowish midge was reared February 3, 1911, 
from the teleutospores of Puccinia species on Emilia sonchi- 

Male.. Length .75 mm, Antennae twice the length of the body, 
thickly haired, light brown ; 14 segments, the fifth having the two por- 
tions of the stem with a length 2^/2 and 3^2 times their respective 
diameters ; the basal enlargement subglobose. the subbasal whorl thick, 
the circumfilum with long loops, those on the dorsal surface produced 
to extend beyond the subglobose distal enlargement, which latter has 
a scattering subbasal whorl of stout setae and a circumfilum with long 
loops, likewise somewhat produced on the dorsal surface and extend- 
ing beyond the base of the following segment ; distal segment produced, 
the basal portion of the stem with a length fully seven times its 
diameter, the distal enlargement subglobose and with a slightly taper- 
ing, finger-like process having a length five times its diameter; mouth- 
parts somewhat produced. Palpi : first segment short, subquadrate, the 
second with a length twice the first, rather slender, the third as long 
as the second, the fourth a little longer than the third ; the entire body 
a pale yellowish or yellowish red ; the genitalia somewhat fuscous. 
Wings hyaline, costa light straw, subcosta uniting with the margin at 
the basal third, the third vein a little beyond the apex; the fifth vein 
uniting with the posterior margin at the distal fourth, its short branch 
near the basal third. Halteres yellowish transparent, fuscous apically. 
Legs mostly pale straw, the distal tarsal segments darker ; claws long, 
slender, evenly curved, the anterior unidentate. the pulvilli rudimentary. 
Genitalia : basal clasp segment moderately long, slender, with a distinct, 
broadly rounded, setose lobe at the internal basal angle ; terminal clasp 
segment slightly swollen basally, long and evenly curved ; dorsal plate 
short, roundly and triangularly emarginate, the lobes broad, truncate 
and sparsely setose ; ventral plate a little longer, rather broad, tri- 
angularly emarginate, the lobes rather stout, slightly diverging and 


setose apically ; style moderately long, tapering, broadly rounded 

Female. Length .75 mm. Antennae a little longer than the body, 
thickly haired, dark brown ; 14 segments, the fifth with a stem one- 
third the length of the cylindric basal enlargement, which latter has a 
length over twice its diameter; subbasal whorl of setae stout and 
sparse ; subapical band scattering ; terminal segment produced, the 
basal enlargement subcylindric, with a length fully four times its 
diameter and apically a rather stout, finger-like process. Ovipositor 
short, the terminal lobes narrowly oval, slightly constricted basally and 
sparsely setose. Other characters nearly as in the male. 

Larva. Length 1.25 mm., rather stout, pale yellowish with pinkish 
extremities. Head rather long, narrowly triangular, the anterior third 
chitinized. Antennae rather stout, with a length five times their diame- 
ter and arising from distinct elevations ; breast-bone wanting. Skin 
coarsely shagreened, the segments each with a lateral seta near the 
middle; posterior extremity contracted, the thirteenth segment half the 
width of the twelfth, the fourteenth about a third narrower than the 
thirteenth, truncate, with a long seta at each latero-posterior angle and 
two pairs of submedian short, stout, semi-transparent tubercles at the 
dorsal extremity. 

Type. Cecid 3.2134, N. Y. State Museum. 

Contarinia lycopersici n. sp. 

The species described below was reared February 3, 1911, 
from the flowers of tomatoes, Lycopersicum cscnlcntum. It 
appears to be allied to C. solani Rubs, though there are marked 
differences in colorational characters, and a comparison with 
a female specimen of the European form, kindly sent us b\ 
Prof. Rubsaamen. shows certain structural differences. The 
West Indian species has relatively longer and more slender 
antennal segments. 

Male. Length .75 mm. Antennae twice the length of the body, 
thickly haired, light brown ; 14 segments, the fifth having the basal 
portion of the stem with a length one-half greater than its diameter, 
the distal part with a length 2^ times its diameter; basal enlargement 
subglobose, the subbasal whorl sparse, the loops of the circumfilum 
long, those on the dorsum produced and extending to the apex of the 
segment, the distal enlargement slightly produced, broadly oval, with a 
sparse whorl of setae and a similar circumfilum, the loops of the latter 
extending to the tip of the basal enlargement on the following seg- 


ment; terminal segment produced, the basal portion of the stem with 
a length four times its diameter, the distal enlargement fusiform, with 
a length nearly three times its diameter and apically with a long, fin- 
ger-like process. Palpi : first segment short, subquadrate, the second 
narrowly oval, with a length about twice its diameter, the third one-half 
longer than the second, more slender, the fourth a little longer and 
more slender than the third. Mesonotum reddish brown, the sub- 
median lines yellowish. Scutellum and postscutellum fuscous yellow- 
ish. Abdomen mostly fuscous yellowish. Wings hyaline or nearly so. 
Halteres yellowish transparent, fuscous apically. Legs mostly dark 
brown, the basal third of the tibiae, especially those of the posterior 
legs, yellowish ; claws long, slender, evenly curved, the pulvilli a little 
shorter than the claws. Genitalia : basal clasp segment rather long, 
stout; terminal clasp segment stout, tapering; dorsal plate rather long, 
deeply and roundly emarginate, the lobes diverging, sparsely rounded ; 
ventral plate deeply and triangularly incised, the lobes diverging, taper- 
ing, both sparsely setose ; style short, tapering, acute. 

Female. Length I mm. Antennae nearly as long as the body, rather 
thickly haired, dark brown ; 14 segments, the fifth with a stem one- 
quarter the length of the cylindric basal enlargement, which latter has 
a length 2 r / 2 times its diameter ; subbasal whorl sparse, subapical band 
rather long, the setae long and strongly curved; terminal segment 
produced, with a length four times its diameter and apically with a 
rather stout process, having a length fully twice its diameter. Palpi : 
first segment subquadrate, the second narrowly oval, with a length 
twice its diameter, the third a little longer and more slender than the 
second, the fourth longer and more slender than the third. Mesonotum 
reddish brown, the submedian lines yellowish. Scutellum reddish 
brown, postscutellum probably darker. Abdomen dark brown. Wings 
subhyaline, with rather distinct fuscous spots on costa and at the 
posterior margin near the basal third, at the distal fifth on the third 
vein and on the posterior branch of the fifth, some specimens showing 
a rather indistinct fuscous band near the distal fifth of the wing. Ovi- 
positor, when extended, distinctly longer than the body; terminal lobes 
very slender, with a length five times the diameter and sparsely setose. 

Larva. Length 1.5 mm., yellowish white, rather stout. Head small; 
antennae short, stout ; breast-bone with a subquadrate head, bidentate ; 
the short, obliquely truncate, blunt teeth widely separated, yellowish 
brown, the remainder of this structure semi-transparent, the shaft be- 
ing slender. Skin nearly smooth, posterior extremity broadly rounded. 

Type. Cecid a2i35 and 32090, N. Y. State Museum. 


Hyperdiplosis coffeae n. sp. 

The midge described below was reared February 3, 1911, 
from the fruits of the Liberian coffee tree, Coffea libcrica. 
It is tentatively referred to this genus, since the claws are less 
strongly bent, while the circumfili are more produced than in 
other species placed in this group. 

M^ale. Length i mm. Antennae nearly twice the length of the body, 
thickly haired, light brown : 14 segments, the fifth having the two por- 
tions of the stem, each with a length about thrice the diameter; the 
basal enlargement subglobose, the subbasal whorl rather thick, stout, 
the circumfihim with loops extending to the produced distal enlarge- 
ment, which latter has a length twice its diameter, a sparse whorl of 
rather long setae, subbasal and subapical circumfili, the loops of the 
latter extending to the apex of the segment; terminal segment pro- 
duced, the basal portion of the stem with a length four times its 
diameter, the distal enlargement subcylindric, tapering distallv and 
with a length four times its diameter and apically a loner, finsrer-like 
process with a length four times its diameter and subacute distallv. 
Palpi : first segment probably subquadrate. the second slender, with a 
length four times its diameter, the third a little longer than the second, 
more slender; the fourth as long as the third, dilated : eves large, 
black. Entire body a pale yellowish. Wings yellowish white, costa 
very pale yellowish, the third vein uniting with the margin well beyond 
the apex of the wing. Halteres whitish transparent. Legs mostly 
a light straw, the distal tarsal segments darker; claws stout, strongly 
bent and swollen subapically, simple, the pulvilli shorter than the 
claws. Genitalia: basal clasp segment short, stout, obliquely truncate; 
terminal clasp segment as long as the basal clasp segment, swollen 
basally, curved: dorsal plate nearly as long as the ventral plate, trian- 
gularlv incised, the lobes obliquely emarginate and sparselv setose; 
ventral plate long, broad, very deeply and roundly emarginate, the 
slender lobes diverging, narrowlv rounded and sparsely setose apically; 
style long, stout, broadly rounded. 

Female. Length i mm. Antennae about as long as the body, thickly 
haired, yellowish brown ; 14 segments, the fifth with a stem about three- 
quarters the length of the cylindric basal enlargement, which latter 
has a length thrice its diameter; subbasal whorl sparse, the subapical 
band thick, the setae long and strongly curved ; terminal segment pro- 
duced, the basal enlargement subcylindric, with a length four times its 
diameter and apically with a long, finger-like process. Ovipositor short, 
the terminal lobes narrowly lanceolate and sparsely setose. Other 
characters nearly as in the male. 

Type. Cecid a2i33, N. Y. State Museum. 


Chrysomela staphylea Linne in North America (Col.). 

By FREDERICK KNAB, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

In order to settle, if possible, the identity of certain 
Coleoptera, described by Kirby, from Nova Scotia, I wrote 
letters to several collectors at Halifax. As the result of this 
correspondence I received a box of beetles kindly collected 
for me by Mr. Joseph Perrin, of MacNabs Island, near Hali- 
fax. They were all larger beetles, mostly familiar species, 
and none of the species I wished to see were among them. 
There were, however, three specimens of a Chrysomela (re- 
stricted sense) which I at once recognized as distinct from 
any of the species attributed to our fauna. Yet the insect 
had a strangely familiar appearance, and naturally the suspi- 
cion arose that it might be one of the numerous European 
species. So it proved, and the specimens were quickly identified 
as Chrysomela staphylea Linne, a very common species in 
Northern Europe. In fact, the species is one of distinctly 
boreal distribution, extending through Siberia and Northern 
Europe, and ranging southward to the Caucasus, Dalmatia, the 
Tyrol and the Pyrenees. 

Comparison with European material and with descriptions 
showed that the Nova Scotia specimens agree in every respect 
with typical European ones. The beetle is uniformly ferrugin- 
ous brown in color, with a slight brassy luster on the upper 
surface. Immature specimens are a lighter, opaque rust-red, 
without the metallic luster. In form it is similar to our 
Chrysomela auripennis, although slightly broader and with 
less prominent humeri. The pronotum is very finely, and rather 
densely punctured. The elytral punctuation is coarser and 
more sparse, in more or less confused double series ; in some 
specimens two or three impunctate intervals appear. 

There appears to be but one previous record of the beetle 
from North America, and this with a query. A single speci- 
men is reported by Mr. J. D. Evans as taken at Halifax in 


Mr. Evans had some doubt that his specimen belong- 
ed to the European species, for he had only a single European 
specimen for comparison and this showed differences in the 
punctuation and in size. A good series of European speci- 
mens of Chrysoinela staphylea before me shows considerable 
variation in these respects, fully covering the differences noted 
by Mr. Evans. The three specimens recently captured by Mr. 
Perrin remove all doubt that Mr. Evans had the European 

The occurrence of Chrysomela staphylea at a seaport in 

constant communication with Europe naturally leads to the 

supposition that it was introduced through commerce. It is 

barely possible that we have here an additional circumpolar 

species, but in this case it should have been found in other 

northern localities ; however, our knowledge of the insect 

fauna, past and present, of boreal America is too limited to 

warrant a conclusion. All three specimens sent by Mr. Perrin 

were captured on MacNabs Island near Halifax. I wrote to 

Mr. Perrin to ascertain if much European shipping touched 

at this point, and the presence of the beetles could be account- 

ed for in this way. Mr. Perrin replied as follows : "The beetle 

you refer to may have been imported with some farm and gar- 

den seeds that we have had, or else by the former owner of this 

place. There being no shipping to the island, I cannot account 

for it in any other way. Of course there is much shipping from 

Europe done at Halifax, but that is at least two and a half 

miles from the nearest point of land from here." Entomologists 

will agree with me that the probability of the beetle having 

been introduced with garden seed is rather remote it probably 

reached the island indirectly, as it seems from the above record 

that it was previously established on the nearby mainland. At 

all events the insect is well established on the above named is- 

land, specimens having been captured at considerable intervals, 

one of them on June 18, 1910, the other two on August 5 of 

1 List of Coleoptera from Halifax, N. S. Can. Ent., vol. 31, p. 320- 
321 (1899). 


the same year. Chrysomela staphylea should be looked for 
elsewhere in eastern Canada. If the beetle proves to be restrict- 
ed to a limited area about Halifax, it will be evident that it 
is an importation. On the other hand, wide distribution will 
indicate that the species is indigenous. 

The beetle is one that would not be diffused rapidly, as it 
is sluggish in habits and incapable of flight. Although pro- 
vided with wings, these are reduced in size and not functional. 
They are narrow, corneous pads, no longer than the elytra, 
and lie under these without folding. Several specimens that 
I examined, from both sides of the Atlantic, all showed the 
same condition. About the only chance for rapid distribution 
of such an insect would be along some river, where the 
hibernated beetles would be carried down stream by the spring 
floods ; but this cannot operate in the case of a species which 
has become established at the seaboard. 

Although Chrysomela staphylea is a common species in 
Europe, very little appears to be known of its habits. Rosen- 
hauer 2 and Buddeberg 3 have bred the beetle and described 
the early stages. Both obtained their larvae from eggs feid by 
captive females. Rosenhauer obtained eggs in September, and 
again in March from the hibernated beetles. The eggs laid 
in the fall did not hatch until the following spring 4 , a rather 
remarkable occurrence in a chrysomelid. We can hardly im- 
agine the eggs surviving the rigorous winters of Nova Scotia. 
Eggs were obtained in March, by both Rosenhauer and Bud- 
deberg, from females taken in flood drift. Rosenhauer states 
that these eggs hatched very irregularly during April and 
May ; the larvae avoid the light and, particularly when young, 
are very sluggish. 

"Entom. Zeitung, Stettin, vol. 43, p. 151-152 (1882). 

"Jahrbiicher Nassau. Ver. Naturk., vol. 41, p. 33-34 (1888). 

4 Tt is interesting 1 , in this connection, to note the observation of Bird- 
deberg on the hibernation of the eggs of Timarcha tenebricosa F. (I.e., 
p. 43). He found that the eggs deposited in the summer hibernated 
regularly, in spite of the fact that in July the young larvae were al- 
ready fully developed within. 


There appear to be no records of the food-plants of the 
beetle in nature Buddeberg remarks that he has never found 
the beetle on a plant and most writers speak of the beetle as 
being found under stones, or running on the ground. Probably, 
like many other European species of Chrysomela, it is crepus- 
cular or nocturnal. 

The beetle was called "staphylea" by Linne, not because it 
was supposed to feed on the plant of this name, but on ac- 
count of its resemblance in color to the seeds of the plant. 
Rosenhauer fed his larvae with Mcntha crispa from the green- 
house, and later with Mentha sylvestris and Ranunculus acris 
Buddeberg offered a great variety of plants to his beetles and 
found that they preferred Veronica beccabunga, leaving the 
other plants untouched. The larvae showed a preference for 
the same plant, but also ate Mcntha aquatic a and Lye opus 

Notes on the Species of Acronycta and Descriptions 
of new Species (Lepid.). 

By JOHN B. SMITH, Sc.D., New Brunswick, New Jersey. 

Incident to the preparation of a paper on the California!! 
species of Acronycta, I found it desirable to compare my 
collection with the revision by Sir George F. Hampson, in Vol. 
VIII of his Catalogue of British Museum Noctuidae. The 
receipt of a number of species for determination, including a 
little lot from Mr. E. Firmstone Heath, of Cartwright, Mani- 
toba, gave further opportunity of comparing some of the 
species rather closely, and these notes are the result. 

As a rule, I am inclined to follow Hampson in his identi- 
fications and synonymical references, even when I am not 
fully agreed, because of the desirability of getting at some 
fixed determination of species. Furthermore, he is usually 
right where he has had sufficient material upon which to base 
a satisfactory conclusion. Finally, there are some cases where 
a number of specimens marked types by the original describer 


and distributed in different collections, are not really the 
isame species, and in most of such cases the British Museum 
specimens have the best claim to be considered the determin- 
ing forms. And so in the case of the Acronycta, I have ac- 
cepted the references of Vol. VIII, except where I feel 
reasonably certain that they will not stand the test of future 
comparisons, or where for some reason an error would follow 
an acceptance of the conclusion. 

With the method of arrangement adopted by Hampson, 
I do not agree at all ; but that is a purely subordinate matter 
based on a difference in the fundamental characters used in 
making the subdivisions. 

My own views are sufficiently given in the Monograph of 
the genus, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., XXI, i 194, 1898. 

Acronycta hastulifera S. & A. 

Hampson records this species as unknown to him. Under 
the name insita Wlk., he figures on PL CXXVII f. 3, a species 
that is almost certainly the species in my collection and in 
others under the name hastulifera. My denvera is cited as a 
synonym of insita, which it is not, if insita is really 
hastulifera, as I believe. The descriptions of larvae differ ; but 
whether Dyar, who furnished both descriptions, had the larva 
of the Colorado form or not, I have no way of determining. 

I believed my denvera to be a form of dactylina; in that I 
was probably in error, and it may be nearer to hastulifera. 
If there is a species insita, so near to hastulifera that neither 
the description nor the picture avail to separate the two, I 
do not know that species. I saw insita in 1900, and at that 
time compared the $ with $ dactylina. 

Acronycta lepusculina Gn. 

This species had been altogether misidentified in American 
collections and is the form I had determined as insita. 

Hampson has pointed this out after an examination of the 
type and gives the name chionochroa to the form mistakenly 
characterized in the monograph under the Guenee name. 


Acronycta felina Grt. 

My identification of this was erroneous. The scant material 
from the original locality led to an error in estimating range 
of variation. This error extended also to the author in 
labelling the original type series; hence the types are not 
conspecific. The British Museum material, containing the 
specimens from the author's own collection, must be accepted 
as having the true type, and that is as figured by Hampson. 
I have only one example, which had been associated with my 

Acronycta metra n. sp. 

Head, thorax and primaries very dark blue gray, powdered by black 
atoms, but not roughened or irrorate. Sides of palpi black, and a 
black line to base of primaries. Thorax without markings of any 
kind. Primaries without trace of transverse maculation : veins only 
a trifle darkened, so that the wing appears almost uniform in color. 
A narrow black basal streak, extending about one third across wing 
in sub-median interspace, and a slightly more conspicuous streak not 
continuous with it, through outer third of same space, not quite reach- 
ing the outer margin. Orbicular wanting, reniform indicated by a 
small blackish dot at outer angle of cell inferiorly. Fringes very 
narrowly cut with black over the interspaces. Secondaries soiled 
whitish, darker and with the veins marked in the female. Beneath 
whitish ; all wings with a discal spot and a broken extra-median line. 

Expands 41-49 mm. = : 1.65-1.95 inches. 

Habitat Seattle, Washington: Colorado (Bruce). 

The $ is the smaller, lacks the abdomen, but is otherwise 
in good condition. The female, from Bruce, is an old specimen 
that I had kept questionably as felina for many years, and is 
in fair condition. The thoracic vestiture is hairy, as in the 
oblinita series, the collar and patagia not well marked, the 
wing form trigonate, apices somewhat drawn out, much as 
in frigida Sm., and cyanescens Hampson. 

Acronycta turpis n. sp. 

Head, thorax, abdomen and primaries very pale bluish gray, with 
a scant powdering of black scales. Palpi at sides and a narrow line 
to base of primaries black. Primaries with all the veins marked by 
black scales so as to make them traceable throughout their course. 
A narrow black streak from base through sub-median interspace, al- 


most lost before the middle of the wing, then better marked again 
through outer third, almost to the outer margin. Orbicular lost; 
reniform a very narrow dusky crescent at end of cell. T. a. line lost. 
T. p. line traceable across the wing as a rather broad though vague 
whitish sinuate line. Secondaries white. Beneath almost snow white, 
with small discal spots, primaries with a trace of an extra-median 
Expands 42 mm. = 1.70 inches. 

Habitat Provo, Utah, VII, 24. 

A single male, in good condition, from Mr. Thomas Spald- 
ing. The species is an ally of metro,, with similar habitus, 
vestiture and wing-form, but much paler and whiter through- 
out, with the narrow, crescent-like reniform and pale s. t. 
line. The simplicity of the maculation should render it easily 

Acronycta amicora n. sp. 

Head, thorax, abdomen and primaries ashen gray, with a faint 
yellowish tinge. Palpi black at sides, with a narrow black line ex- 
tending to the base of the primaries. All transverse maculation of 
primaries lost; all the veins slightly darker and feebly relieved. A 
narrow black line extends from base to outer margin through sub- 
median space, traceable only as a line of black scales at the middle of 
its course. Another short black streak is in the interspace beyond the 
cell, and the fringes are rather distinctly cut with black on the Inter- 
spaces. Orbicular elongate, decumbent, pointed anteriorly, obscurely 
outlined by black scales. Reniform a dusky lunule at end of cell. 
Secondaries soiled whitish, with a yellowish suffusion. Beneath 
whitish with a yellowish tinge, somewhat powdery, all wings with 
a good sized, round, somewhat diffuse discal spot, but without extra- 
median line. 

Expands 46 mm. : : 1.85 inches. 

Habitat Senator, Arizona. 

One female, an old specimen and perhaps a little discolored. 
It is obviously related to metra and turpis, but differs from 
both by the black streak opposite cell and by the narrow, de- 
cumbent orbicular. , , 

There is nothing on the specimen to indicate the source 
from which I originally received it. 


Acronycta hasta Gn. 

This species as described by Hampson in Vol. VIII, p. 
73, and figured on PI. CXXIV, f. 22, is not the hasta of my 
collection or of my Monograph, nor, I believe, of Guenee. 
It is the species that for many years masqueraded as clarescens 
Gn., and was subsequently referred by me to pruni Harr. The 
type of hasta is not in the British Museum, and there is no 
statement by Hampson that he has seen it. Guenee's descrip- 
tion does not in the least fit pruni, which is never a deep 
violaceous ashen "cendre violatre fonce," but rather "gris- 
cendre clair saupoudre de noiratre." Nor could pruni ever 
be called "tres voisine" of fnrcifera. As the matter stands, 
I prefer to retain pruni Harr., as representing the species 
now known to us in all stages, while for hasta I prefer to retain 
the dark blue gray species which is really a very near neighbor 
of furcifcra. I might add that Hampson apparently includes 
under fnrcifera, the species that I have separated as hasta. 

Acronycta telum Gn. Noct. 1, 45. 

This species has not heretofore been definitely identified in 
collections. Guenee described it from a single male out of his 
own collection, comparing it with furcifera and hasta, and 
giving the locality as "Amerique Septentrionale." Walker 
turned the original description into Latin, abbreviating and 
laying stress upon the character of the secondaries, as by the 
terms of the original he was justified in doing. He gives the 
locality as "United States," but apparently knew nothing more 
of the species. 

Mr. Grote, in the Bull U. S. Geol. Surv. VI, 571, 1883, 
translates Guenee's description into English, omitting, probably 
by accident, a portion of the description of primaries. He 
adds that "I do not identify this description." In Papilio, 
III, 67, he remarks that this must resemble hasta and furci- 

In my Catalogue of 1893 no progress is recorded and the 
species yet stands unindentified. 

In my revision of Acronycta, p. 87, 1898, telum is referred 


as a synonym to hasta without explanation or comment. I do 
not at this time remember my reason for this action which 
has been followed without question by later writers, including 
Hampson in 1909. 

Two female specimens received from Mr. Heath, one dated 
VI, 29, '08, the other, VIII, 19, '09, attracted my attention 
at once by their resemblance to hasta and their immediate 
suggestion of a different species, based first, upon the brilliantly 
clear maculation of primaries, and second, upon the pearly 
lustred blackish secondaries. On the underside especially, the 
secondaries are very strongly marked, and comparison with 
the original description of telum makes it as certain as an 
identification from a description can well be, that the real 
"telum" has been at last discovered. 

It gives us the three species in the order described by 
Guenee furcifera, hasta and telum, close allies in a way, 
in the order seen by him, and makes his descriptions clear. 
Furcifera is the largest of the species and has a decided 
yellowish shading throughout, but more conspicuous in the 
secondaries, which are strongly mottled beneath and often 
have, in the best marked examples, a longitudinal black streak 
in the cell near base. Hasta is decidedly smaller, the primaries 
are blue gray, the black markings thicker and more con- 
spicuous, the secondaries whitish with very little yellow shad- 
ing, especially on the male. On the under side the mottling is 
much reduced, and in none of my specimens is there a longi- 
tudinal black bar in the cell. 

Telum is as intense a blue gray as hasta, but is distinctly 
more black powdered, and the maculation seems more in- 
tensely black. The secondaries are really blackish, especially 
toward outer border and the pearly lustre is obvious. The 
under side is as heavily marked as in the best furcifera and 
the streak in the cell is obvious. It is more than likely, how- 
ever, that this is a somewhat variable feature and may not be 
nearly so well marked in all examples. 


Acronycta exilis Grt. and A. modica Wlk. 

In the monograph I united these two forms. After seeing 
the types, in 1900, I admitted their possible distinctness (Can. 
Ent. XXXII, 335). Hampson describes and figures them as 
separate. After looking over the series before me, I am as 
undecided as ever and cannot find a single reliable character 
on which to base two series. There are always some three 
or four examples that will not fit better into one series than 
into the other. With the British Museum material only at 
hand, the two forms seem distinct enough ; exilis being smaller, 
paler and apparently rare. 

Acronycta inclara Sm. 

This name was proposed by me in 1900, Can. Ent. XXXII, 
335, for the species theretofore known as hamamelis in collec- 
tions, and it has no type. There is a considerable range of 
variation in this aggregation, and it may be convenient to fix 
more definitely the one to be covered by this name. Hampson 
in his Catalogue Vol. VIII, p. 8, describes, and on PI. CXXIV, 
28, figures one of the common types, and this may be accepted 
as the type of the name. 

There seems almost no end to the variations in this species, 
and many of these seem local ; but there is on the whole a 
characteristic facies that distinguishes a series, and that is 
not well brought out in the figure. There is an obscure 
streak crossing the s. t. line in the sub-median interspace, 
beginning a little beyond the middle of the wing. From the be- 
ginning of this line a triangular dusky shade extends above it, 
reaching the outer margin at vein 7 and forming a darker 
triangular patch, which is traceable in every specimen and 
characteristic in a large series. There are variations in ground 
color from white to gray, mossy shadings, brown shadings 
and yellowish shadings, and no end to the differences in con- 
trasts; but this one feature remains throughout. 

I have had from Mr. Heath, at various times, nearly a 
dozen examples of what seems to be a local race, at least, 
and which he is inclined to consider specifically distinct from 


inclara. It is a little smaller than the normal examples, lacks 
all reddish or mossy suffusions, and has the maculation a 
clearer, more contrasting white and black or blackish. The 
secondaries also are decidedly more blackish gray without the 
distinct yellowish tinge. I cannot, however, draw any line 
at present and call attention to the matter here for the benefit 
of those who may be so situated as to work out the relation 
of the two. As a race it may be called inconstans. 

Acronycta tristis n. sp. 

With all the normal maculation of inclara; but without contrasts, 
the lines and markings just enough darker than the ground to be 
easily made out. Ground color a uniform dark smoky ashen gray, 
the pale annulus to the round orbicular being usually the only obvi- 
ously relieved feature of the wing. Secondaries sub-transparent 
white, soiled with blackish, tending to blackish in the female, the 
lines and discal spot of underside showing clearly. Beneath with a 
pearly lustre, blackish outwardly, both wings with discal spots and 
conspicuous, more or less lunulate, extra-median lines. 

Expands 35-37 mm. = 1.40-1.50 inches. 

Habitat Canada VIII, 5; Cohasset, Mass., VII, i, 4; 
Johnson City, Term., VII. 

Four males and two females, in fair condition. These 
specimens had been included as uniform examples of inclara 
in my collection ; but they differ obviously in lacking all trace 
of the triangular dark shading, which is characteristic of that 

This is not the hamamelis figured by Hampson, despite its 
uniform dark tint. Hampson's figure shows correctly, the 
small, round, white-ringed orbicular which is characteristic of 
affticta and its immediate allies. In none of the forms of 
the inclara series does this type of orbicular ever occur. 

Acronycta haesitata Grt. = = A. clarescens Gn. 

In the monograph I concluded that these two names re- 
ferred to one species, basing my opinion on the best available 
information as there set out. In 1900, when I saw the types, 
I wrote myself in error, (Can. Ent. XXXII, 335) and con- 
cluded that the species were distinct. Mr. Crete's species was 


as I had it; but darescens Gn., I concluded, was really the 
species that had been called so by Mr. Grote, and for which I 
had resurrected pruni Harris. This "pruni" is a common 
enough species, I had dozens of bred specimens, and I thought 
I knew it under all circumstances. 

Hampson cites, in consequence, A. darescens Gn., : : pruni 
Harr. (Smith) ; A. hacsitata Grt., : : darescens Sm., nee Gn. 
He figures darescens and haesitata on PI. CXXIV, figs. 29 and 
21, respectively, apparently from the types, and of a certainty 
neither of these figures nor the descriptions can possibly re- 
fer to pruni Harr., which is the species figured and described 
by Hampson as hast a Gn. 

In looking carefully over my series of hacsitata, I have ex- 
act duplicates of the figures of both haesitata and darescens, 
and find it possible to separate the series passably into two 
forms, satisfying the requirements of Hampson's tables and 
descriptions. The figures are characteristic, and I do not see 
how an error is possible ; but if Hampson is right in his identi- 
fication of these two forms, then my original conclusion that 
hacsitata Grt. : = darescens Gn., is correct. 

That would make necessary an admission on my part that 
with two specimens of a form so well known to me as haesi- 
tata, I positively declared one of them to be a distinct and 
equally well known other species, and that admission T am not 
ready to make. Hampson refers to two females from Tren- 
ton Falls as the types of darescens, and that is in accord with 
Guenee's record. The female type of haesitata is from Penn- 
sylvania. In my notes I refer to a "type" of darescens. and 
a possibility remains that the two Guenee specimens are not 
specifically identical. The two certain points are that dares- 
cms Hamns. : r hacsitata Hamps. and that darescens Hamps. 
is not pruni Harr. , 

Acronycta hamamelis Gn. 

Hampson lists this as a good species, closely allied to afflicta, 
based on one male and one female. The figure is based on the 
type, and from my recollection and notes it seems to be accu- 


rate. I yet believe that it is not different from aMicta, all the 
characteristic maculation being obvious. The only disturb- 
ing feature is in the smoky secondaries, those of all the aMicta 
that I have ever seen being whitish. 

I am ready, under the circumstances, to admit a species that 
I have never seen, and which is the true hamamelis Gn., as 
distinct from afHicta Grt. 

Acronycta speratina Smith. 

Hampson refers this as a synonym to sperata, mentioning it 
again under Ab. i, as larger and paler, fore wing with the 
markings more diffused. 

As species go in this genus, I am not ready to assent to this 
disposition of speratina, which is at least a very good geo- 
graphical race, and I am inclined to hold out for its rank as a 
good species. 

Notes on Pennsylvanian Diptera, with two new 
Species of Syrphidae. 

By W. R. WALTON, Bureau of Entomology, Washington, 

D. C* 
(Plate IX). 

Criorhina (Penthesilia) nigriventris n. sp. 

Habitat Pennsylvania. $ Length 17 mm. Antennae blackish, ist 
joint black, shining, a little longer than second which is black verging 
to brown on apical end. Third joint distinctly broader than long, 
front border convex. Front and face golden yellow pollinose, some- 
what more dense on sides. Cheeks and oral margin shining black. 
Sides of antennal tubercle and transverse impression of face sparsely 
clothed with long black hairs. Pile of ocellar triangle black, that 
of vertex yellow. Thorax black with a median opaque band, also 
an elongate opaque spot extending from post alar callus nearly to 
but not touching the transverse suture. Elsewhere shining and 
covered with long pale yellow pile excepting a faint transverse band 
of black hairs just caudad of the transverse suture. Scutellum 
black, shining, covered with long pale yellow pile. Pleurae yellow 
pilose. Abdomen broad, entirely shining pitchy black, covered with long 

*Published by permission of the Chief of Bureau. 


black pile excepting a triangular area on the disc of second segment 
which is nearly bare. All femora black, shining, bearing long black 
hairs. Tibiae black, apical ends brownish. Hind tibiae strongly bent 
ventrad. Front and middle tarsi light brown, apical joints darker. 
Hind tarsi black above and brown below. Wings smoky, stigma 

Type a unique $ . Deposited in U. S. National Museum, 
Washington, D. C. Collected by W. S. Fisher, Harrisburg, 
Pa., March 24, 1910, resting on a tree trunk. Mr. D. \Y. Co- 
quillett has kindly compared this and the following species 
for me. 

Syrphus fisherii n. sp. 

Habitat Pennsylvania. 9 Length 8 mm. Antennae brownish, eyes 
glabrous. Face yellow with whitish pollen ; in the middle a shining 
brown stripe extends from the oral margin across the facial prom- 
inence but ends abruptly before the base of antennae; oral margin 
brown. Front, shining pitchy black with a band of grayish pollen 
forming a continuous Gothic arch above antennal tubercle ; the sides 
of this arch run down along the eyes and coalesce with the facial 
pollen. Antennae inserted on a distinctly yellow ground. No part 
of face or front shows any trace of metallic color. Thorax black 
with a faint green metallic tinge, scutellum and halteres dull yellow, 
scutellum brown at extreme ends. Abdomen rather narrow, some- 
what constricted at base, first segment black; second segment, yel- 
low cross band very broad, narrowly interrupted forming two large, 
lemon yellow, quadrate spots reaching anterior margin, remainder of 
segment shining black ; third and fourth segments shinins: black, with 
basal, narrow, nearly straight, interrupted, cross bands of ochre 
yellow, reaching laterad but not touching anterior margin of seg- 
ment : fifth segment black with small ochre yellow triangle at outer 
corners touching anterior margin, also a very narrow lunule border- 
ing posterior margin : remainder of abdomen black. Front and middle 
legs testaceous, femora brown at base. Hind legs blackish, knees 

Type a unique 9 , from Tnsrlenook, Pa., September 12. The 
species is named in honor of Mr. W. S. Fisher, who collected 
it and to whom the author is indebted for this and many other 
fine Diptera. 

Microdon laetus Loew. 

Type locality, Cuba. The validity of this species seems 
previously to have been somewhat doubtful. The specimens 


from which the following descriptions are drawn were taken 
in the vicinity of Harrisburg, Pa., and have been determined 
by Mr. D. W. Coquillett. 

$ Length 10 mm. Slender, shining metallic green. Face me- 
tallic shining green, narrow, sides parallel, sparsely clothed with 
pale yellow pile; front rather strongly constricted midway between 
ocelli and base of antennae, metallic shining green excepting ocel- 
lar tubercle which is violaceous : pile of front black sprinkled with 
yellow. Antennae black, third joint somewhat shorter than first. 
Ocelli quite remote from vertex. Eyes shortly and sparsely pilose. 
Thorax, dorsum and pleurae metallic shining green, thinly cover- 
ed with pale yellowish pile which is more dense on pleurae. Scu- 
tellum subconvex, metallic green, impressed, sparsely pale yellow pi- 
lose, bearing an obtuse concolorous tubercle upon each side of apex. 
Abdomen slender, metallic green, punctulate and thinly clothed with 
pale yellow pile ; apical segment blackish. Femora and tibiae me- 
tallic green ; tarsi blackish above and brown beneath. 

9 Differs as follows from $. Pile of face nearly white, sides 
of front parallel. Color of entire body of somewhat bluer cast. 
Disc of thorax with violet tinge; last two segments of abdomen 

One specimen, Carlisle Junction, Pa., F. Craighead. One 
specimen, Enola, Pa., H. F. Adams. One specimen, Rock- 
ville, Pa., author. 
Idana marginata Loew. 

In life this is a very handsome species. Apparently it is 
quite local in distribution and exists but a short time in the 
adult stage. It is to be found in shady spots bordering road- 
sides or along the edges of wooded land, and seems to be par- 
ticularly fond of roosting on old rail fences, and is to be sought 
only upon warm, still days. It has the habit in common with 
many other Ortalids of strutting about with the wings held 
at right angles to the body, occasionally rotating them through 
a quarter circle forward and back while held in this position. 
The species flies swiftly but usually aliehts within a few feet 
of its original resting place. During life the darker portions 
of the wings and body have a metallic purplish luster which 
entirely disappears in dead and dried specimens. Taken rather 
plentifully some years in June near Harrisburg, notably at 
Progress, Pa., in 1909 by Mr. H. D. Bailey and the writer. 


Plate IX. 



Sapphao -jToheni i ; abdoraeo. 

Microdon laetao, 
heads 6 > o 



Eustalomyia vittipes Zett. (Anthomyidae'). 

In describing the male of this species, Mr. P. Stein com- 
ments upon the rarity of the fly in collections. It may be of 
interest, therefore, to record the fact that this fly has twice 
been reared from material collected from the interior of rotten 
logs in the winter season at Harrisburg, Pa. The insect was in 
the pupal stage and upon both occasions was in close proximity 
to cells of hymenopterons. Collections made by Paul Myers 
and A. B. Champlain. The following hymenopterons were 
reared in connection with it. Crabro (Xestocrabro} trifas- 
ciata Say. Crabro maculatns Fabr., Thyreopns (Blepharipns) 
impressifrons F. Sm. and Pcmphredon concolor Say. 

The puparium is chestnut brown, 8 to 9 mm. in length and 
from 2 1-2 to 3 mm. broad. Dorsally extremely polished, ven- 
tral side minutely wrinkled between the segments. 

Ectecephala albistylum Macq. 

Type locality North America. This rather curious Oscinid 
seems to have escaped recording for some reason. It seems 
to be not uncommon in the vicinity of Harrisburg, Pa., Mr. 
W. S. Fisher having swept it from grass on several occasions, 
and the writer has also taken it in Harrisburg. Mr. D. W. 
Coquillett has confirmed our determination. 

Pyrellia serena Meigen. = = (P. cyanicolor Loew.). 

This Muscid, apparently adventitious from Europe, appears 
to have been overlooked by collectors ; it is rather common in 
Pennsylvania, but as it resembles superficially the much more 
common Morellia tnicans, its presence in collections possibly 
remains unsuspected. 

The distinguishing characters may be summarized as fol- 
lows: Color of body, dark steely blue, occasionally greenish 
blue; thorax with three longitudinal, rather faint, hoary 
pollinose stripes. Sterno-pleural bristles 1-3; a stout bristle 
on the flexor surface of the middle tibia, first posterior cell 
rather widely open, 4th vein being only gently curved forward. 

I first recognized this species among some Muscids collect- 
ed by Mr. Erich Daecke, on the flowers of Trillium erectum, 


near Harrisburg, and which were referred to me for identifi- 
cation. Subsequently it was found in both my own and Mr. 
Daecke's collections, having been confused with Morellia 
micans, which it quite closely resembles. 

From several collections made during the winter months 
by Mr. A. B. Champlain at Harrisburg, Pa., it is shown that 
at least some of the adults of both sexes hibernate in such 
places as old stumps and rotten logs. 

Observations on the Lepidoptera of St. Louis, Miss- 
ouri and Vicinity during 19 10. 

Compiled by PAUL A. SCHROERS, St. Louis, Mo. 

The salient feature was the scarcity of Rhopalocera and 
the abundance of Heterocera. 

Following several weeks of hot weather during March and 
early April, all the early species of Lepidoptera, double brood- 
ed and overwintering forms were on the wing. Then came a 
severe cold wave with blizzards and killing frosts which left 
the green garb of Spring burnt to a rusty crisp, and insect 
life practically annihilated. It was a dreadful blow, from 
which many species never recovered fully. Most of the ovi- 
positing was over and newly hatched caterpillars, as well as 
others that had hibernated, were found in icicles hanging from 
trees and shrubs. 

Those that suffered mostly were the : Pieridae, Lycaenidae 
and Papilionidae. The latter, however, recuperated some- 
what in the second brood. 

Here are the principle observations made on different spe- 
cies following the usual order : 


Phyciodes Common in late summer only. 

Grapta Unusually common ; the elms in and around the 
city being fairly covered with larvae, except progne and com- 

Vanessa and Euptoieta scarce. 

Junonia coenia Absent altogether. Not a single specimen 
seen by any member of the Club. 

Basilarchia as ty an ax Normally common. 

Basilar chia disipptis Very scarce, showing its larva to be 
possibly more sensitive to sudden extremes of temperature 
than that of the preceding species. 


Apatura clyton This species outnumbered Apatura celtis; 
it is usually by far the reverse. 

Anaea andria Mr. Hermann Schwarz found this insect 
very common at De Soto, Mo., on Oct. 12 to 17, 1910, but 
mostly males. In the near vicinity of St. Louis the appearance 
of both sexes was normal. 

Coenonympha enrytris This species, which usually disap- 
pears in July, was yet very much in evidence in late Septem- 

Sa-tyrus alope Numerous specimens were taken by the 
members of the Club at West Kimmswick on their field day, 
July 1 7th. 

Thccla Very scarce; Thecla titus was captured at West 
Kimmswick by Mr. J. Nelle on the same date. 

Chrysophunus Very scarce, thoe as well as hypophleas. 

Pierinae Fairly scarce around St. Louis. Mr. Hermann 
Schwarz, however, found the following species unusually 
common near De Soto : Colias philodice, eurytheme, Zerene 
coesonia and var. rosca; Eurema nicippe and enterpe. 

Hesperidae : normal. 

New species taken Pamphila bellus and Thanaos naevius. 


The following species were unusually common : 

Hemaris thysbe and diffinis This seems to indicate that their 
eggs withstood the intense cold of late April. 

Ampelophaga choerilus Plentiful at Creve Cceur, Mo. 
Usually scarce. 

Smerinthiis geminatus, Marmnba modesta, Paonias myops 
and excaecatus, Cressonia juglandis in wide variations, Actias 

Calloscimia promethea This species seems to have had two 
distinct generations, one pupating in July and the other in Oc- 
tober. It was extremely common, 1745 cocoons being taken 
by the writer on the hills near Creve Cceur Lake. Two hundred 
was considered a good harvest so far. 

Citheronia recalls Many females were caught by the writer 
at lights in the country and no males, while Mr. Hosenfeldt 
captured only males at light in the city. From the above fe- 
males 432 fertile eggs were obtained and larvae raised. 

Adelocephala bicolor and bisecta Of these a fine series was 
obtained by Mr. Geo. Hosenfeldt. 

Other species very plentiful Enthysanotia grata and unto 
Phoeocima hmifera, Homoptcra lunata and edusa. 


New species recorded Pygarctia spraguei, Schinia lynx 
and jagarina, Choephora fungorum, Lagoa crispata at West 
Kimmswick and the little day-flying Rheumaptera hastata. 

The collecting of Catocalae was remarkable for the sharp 
contrast between good and unproductive days. On July 4th 
Mr. F. Malkmus found almost every tree trunk occupied by 
them in a grove that had been given up as deserted by the 
other collectors after numerous fruitless expeditions. 

Amongst the most remarkable captures of last summer, the 
following are foremost : 

Catocala lachrymosa var. ulalume Strecker, one male taken 
at Meramec Highlands on the trunk of a white oak, Aug. 25th. 

C. lachrymosa var. zelica French, one female at the same 
locality, Aug. 2oth. 

C. parta Guenee, one male, same locality, July 25th. This 
is the most southern point at which this species was taken. 

C. serena Hy. Edwards, one male, on black oak, same lo- 
cality, July 25th. 

These captures all stand to the credit of Mr. Ernest 

C. viduata Grote. Four specimens were taken by Mr. Her- 
mann Schwarz near Columbia, 111., about fifteen miles from 
St. Louis, Aug. loth. 

Certain species of Sphingidae seem almost threatened with 
annihilation, through the unusual activity of parasites of the 
Ichneumon type. Dolba hylaeus larvae showed a percentage 
of 95 parasitized, while Ceratomla amyntor and undulosa cater- 
pillars were all lost. Even Citheronia regalis and some of the 
woolly bears which are usually irmmme from the attacks of 
these parasites, were attacked by them this summer. 

Observations reported by Mr. C. F. Selous, who watched the be- 
havior of insects attracted by small carcases (rat, mole, young rabbit), 
lead him to think that species of Alcochara, Creophilus, Leistotrophus, 
Silpha, Hister and Saprinus feed upon the Dipterous larvae to be 
found in the decaying bodies and not on the decaying substance it- 
self. He is not convinced that even Necrophorus is a true carrion- 
feeder, but thinks it possible that it feeds on "smaller Coleoptera as 
well as, or instead of, the fly larvae," nor does he think that "the 
burying of the carcase is due only to the Necrophori or that it is a 
purposive act." He suggests that its sinking into the ground is an 
accompaniment of the processes of decay and of the action of deleteri- 
ous juices on the vegetation which chances to lie beneath the cadaver. 
Notes on the manner in which Coleoptera approach the dead animals 
are included, and a suggestion is made as to the importance of the 
feeding habits of these beetles in the destruction of Diptera convey- 
ing human diseases. (Ent. Mo. Mag., April, 1911). 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change in form and without covers, will be given free, when they are 
wanted; if more than twe.ity-five copies are desired, this should be stated 
un the MS. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. Proof will 
be sent to authors for correction only when specially requested. Ed. 


The author of an article recently contributed to the NEWS 
asks, "Could you not write a short editorial along the line of 
indiscriminate naming of new species from one or two speci- 
mens?" The topic is an old one and probably most of us who 
have perpetrated descriptions of species novae have erred 
"along the line" complained of by our correspondent. It may, 
or it may not, be true that more of such mis judgments were 
made in the days when collecting in the United States west of 
the One Hundredth Meridian was attended with much risk to 
the collector's scalp, and as a result of that risk long series of 
varying specimens were the exception and not the rule. The 
temptation to make known what appears to be undescribed has 
always been strong in the possessor of an apparent rarity and, 
on the other hand, not a few entomologists have regretted the 
excess of caution whereby they or their friends have lost the 
opportunity of being first in the field or in the printed page. 
Here as elsewhere there is a golden mean to be sought, the 
over-timid to be encouraged to press onward, the hasty to be 
checked until it is certain that he has made himself acquainted 
with the many sources of information before he commits him- 
self and the journal to the announcement of a novelty. 

We would remind our readers of the statement printed on 
the second page of the cover of each month's issue of the 
NEWS that no numbers are published for August and Septem- 



Notes and News. 


bauer and Kolbe, not hitherto discussed in English, are described in 
articles by Mr. C. J. Gahan, beginning in the Entomologist for April, 

reports, in The Entomologists' Monthly Magazine for March and 
April, 1911, the finding of living, mottled green and red Chironomid 
larvae in the mantel and mantel cavity of the snail, Limnaea peregra, 
in the fountains in Trafalgar Square, London. He observed a larva 
entering the pulmonary orifice of the snail. The presence of these para- 
sites "inconveniences the host," resulting in some cases at least in its 
death, but apparently not producing dwarfing or deformity. 

WE regret to learn that "Arcadia" at Sound Beach, Connecticut, 
the home and laboratory of Mr. Edward F. Bigelow, President of 
the Agassiz Association and Editor of The Guide to Nature, must 
be vacated and that Mr. Bigelow is obliged to seek quarters else- 
where. The Agassiz Association, under the presidency of Mr. Har- 
lan H. Ballard, did a great work in interesting the young people of 
America in natural history in our own youth and Mr. Bigelow de- 
serves aid and encouragement in his endeavors to continue his pre- 
decessor's beneficial labors. A fund, amounting on June 8, 1911, to 
$826.75, has been started for a new Arcadia, and we wish it and our 
contemporary Guide every success. 

PLUSIOTIS BEYERI SKINNER. This elegant beetle, described by Dr. 
Skinner from the Huachuca mountains of Cochise County, Arizona, 
appears to be abundant in northern Sonora, Mexico. Mr. J. R. Has- 
kins, of Los Angeles, has recently given me a small series from Cananea, 
where he reports it to be common about arc lights. His specimens 
were taken July 18, 19, 1910, near the Chivatena (Sheep Herder) 
Mine, at an elevation of about 5,000 feet. He also took a few lecontei 
and gloriosa. Mr. Haskins is not a coleopterist, and collected the speci- 
mens only on account of their beauty. No doubt a coleopterological 
collector visiting the lights there at the proper season could reap a 
rich harvest. I took a few beyeri in the Huachucas this last season, 
one the first day of June and others up to July 26, but they were few 
and far between. There seems to be no established rule as to obtain- 
ing them. I have taken examples at light and others flying at mid-day 
in the hot sunshine. Not a few deceased but mutilated remains were 


found. The period of life in beyeri as an adult, is evidently rather 
hrief. Mr. C. R. Biedermann, Entom. News, vol. 18, p. 7, '07, has pub- 
lished an interesting account of his experiences with beyeri in the Hua- 
chucas. KARL R. COOLIDGE. 

Hamilton, M. R. C. S., of 30 Sussex Square, Brighton, England, sends 
us a reprint from the London Financial News of February 13, 1911, 
in which he urges the organization of an International Anti-Locust 
Commission. He points out what an enormous amount of capital is 
invested in Argentina and in the development of its agriculture, and 
then shows the immeasureable damage done by the locusts, thereby 
presenting a strong argument for a study of conditions which would 
result in the practical handling of the locust problem. He refers to 
the wonderful results which have come from the efforts to suppress 
the mosquito, and claims that similar success can meet a fight against 
the locusts." Bulletin of the Pan-American Union (Washington), 
March, 1911, p. 401. 

describing some of the habits of these insects at the meeting of the 
Zoological Society of London, of May 3, 1910, said: The Green Tree- 
Ant is found in the open forest country or "bush" on the edge 
of the thick jungle or "scrub," along the sea-coast of Northern 
Queensland. It is a very active pugnacious insect, from half to three- 
quarters of an inch long, living wholly or almost wholly in trees. The 
nest is built on the bough of a tree and consists of a very large 
number of leaves, generally fresh and green. These are matted to- 
gether with a gelatinous material exuded from larvae which the worker 
ants bring up to the site of the projected nest, where other ants hold 
the edges of adjacent leaves together. This process is repeated until 
the bundle may be several feet in diameter. 

The bridge formed of the bodies of the ants shown on the [lantern 
slide] screen was re-formed, when broken, by festoons of ants hang- 
ing from the upper leaf until some of them, dropping from the fes- 
toon, joined momentarily with others on the top of the leaf and twigs 
below. Others quickly joined in strengthening the bridge until it was 
about four ants' width and eight ants' length. Then the one leaf was 
seen to be dragged slowly nearer the other, decreasing the bridge to 
five ants' length, and at this stage it remained for several days, when 
I left the place. The ants "on duty" in the bridge over which other 
ants ran to and fro, carrying their "game" were watched carefully for 
eighty minutes, and none in the center of the bridge was relieved dur- 
ing that time a rather remarkable feat of strength and endurance. 


Entomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated, the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

4 The Canadian Entomologist. 5 Psyche, Cambridge, Mass. 
7 U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 8 
The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, London. 9 The En- 
tomologist, London. 16 Bulletin, Societe Nationale d'Acclima- 
tion de France, Paris. 18 Ottawa Naturalist. 22 Zoologischer 
Anzeiger, Leipzig. 24 Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift. 25 
Bolletino, Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata d. R. Uni- 
versita di Torino. 35 Annales, Societe Entomologique de Bel- 
gique. 36 Transactions, Entomological Society of London. 38 
Wiener Entomologische Zeitung. 40 Societas Entomologica, 
Zurich. 44 Verhandlungen, K. k. zoologisch-botanischen Gesell- 
schaft in Wien. 50 Proceedings, U. S. National Museum. 56 
Mittheilungen, Schweizerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft. 
S'chaffhausen. 60 Anales, Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires. 65 
La Feuille des Jeunes Naturalistes, Paris. 73 Archives, Zoo- 
logie Experimentale et Generale, Paris. 84 Entomologische 
Rundschau. 86 Annales, Societe Entomologique de France, Paris. 
89 Zoologische Jahrbucher, Jena. 92 Zeitschrift fur wissen- 
schaftliche Insekten-biologie. 97 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaft- 
liche Zoologie, Leipzig. 119 Archiv fur Naturgeschichte, Berlin. 
143 Ohio Naturalist. 153 Bulletin, American Museum of Natur- 
al History. New York. 166 Internationale Entomologische 
Zeitschrift, Guben. 175 Aus der Natur, Berlin. 176 Archiv fur 
entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen, Leipzig. 189 Pomona 
Journal of Entomology, Claremont, Cala. 191 Natur, Munchen. 
195 Bulletin, Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard Col- 
lege, Cambridge, Mass. 197 Proceedings, Royal Society, Biologi- 
cal Sciences, Series B., London. 198 Biological Bulletin, Marine 
Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. 201 Memoires, So- 
ciete Entomologique de Belgique. 216 Entomologische Zeit- 


schrift, Stuttgart. 227 Memorias, Institute Oswaldo Cruz, Rio 
de Janeiro. 239 Annales, Biologic Lacustre, Brussels. 243 Year- 
book, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 266 Sit- 
zungsberichte, d. k. B. Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften. Mathe- 
matische-naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Prag. 274 Archiv fur 
Zellforschung, herausgeben von Dr. R. Goldschmidt, Leipzig. 303 
Entomologiske Meddelelser, udgivne af Entomologisk Forening, 
Copenhagen. 305 Deutsche Entomologische National-Bibliothek, 
Berlin. 313 Bulletin of Entomological Research, London. 333 
La Revue Scientinque du Limousin, Limoges. 334 Proceedings 
of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston. 335 
Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 337 Meddelelser om Gron- 
land. Denmark Ekspeditionen til Gronlands Nordostkyst, 1900-08, 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Brocher, F. Observations biologiques 
sur quelques insects aquatiques, 239, iv, 367-379. Butler, A. G. A 
few words respecting insects and their natural enemies, 36, 1910, 
151-154. Clement, A. Les insectes du cresson, 16, 1910, 158-159. 
Cockerell, T. D. A. Some insects from Steamboat Springs, Colo. 
Ill, 4, 1911, 208. Fossil insects from Florissant, Colorado, 153, 
xxx, 71-82 (*). Deegener, Dr. Zur beurteilung der insekten- 
puppe, 22, xxxvii, 495-505. Fejervary, J. Note a propos d'une 
simplification dans la nomenclature, 92, vii, 425-427. Gulick, A. 
Ueber die geschlechtschromosomen bei einigen Nematoden nebst 
bemerkungen uber die bedeutung dieser chromosomen, 274, vi, 
339-382. Hancock,, J. L. Nature sketches in temperate America. 
A series of sketches and a popular account of insects, birds and 
plants . _ .451 pp., Chicago, A. C. McClurg & Co., 1911. Hollande, 
A. Ch. Etude histologique comparee du sang des insectes a hem- 
urrhee et des insects san hemorrhee, 73, xlvi, 283-323. Johansen. 
F. General remarks on the life of insects and arachnids in North- 
ern Greenland. 337, xliii, 35-54. Morgan, A. C. Insect enemies of 
tobacco in the U. S., 243, 1910, 281-296. Muller, R. Die.uebertra- 
yung von krankheiten durch insekten (cont.), 216, xxv, 46-47. 
Nielsen, I. C. A catalogue of the insects of Northeast Green- 
land with descriptions of some larvae, 337, xliii, 55-68 (*). Nus- 
sac, L. de Les entomologistes Limousine. Maurice Noualhier, 
333, 1911, 37-65. Slevogt, B. Welche bedeutung hat der geriu-h- 
-inn fur insekten, 40, xxvi, 13-14. Wolff, P. Der insektenbeo- 
bachter. Die farben bei Schmetterlingen, 191, 1911, 114-116. 
Zweigelt, F. Das sammeln in der natur und seine \\issenschaft- 
liche und psychologische bedeutung, 84, xxviii, 77-79, 87. 


APTERA AND NEUROPTERA. Crawford, D. L. American 
Psyllidae IV, 189, iii, 480-503 (*). Sulc, K. Monographia generis 
Trioza. Species regionis palaearcticae, 266, 1910, pt. xvii, 34 pp. 
Ris Collections Zoologiques du baron E. de Selys Longchamps 
Libellulinen. Fasc XII Catalogue. Systematique et descriptif. 
385-528 (*). 

ORTHOPTERA. Borelli, A. Decrizione di una nuova specie 
di Forncola di Costa Rica, 25, xxv, No. 623. Burr, M. A pre- 
liminary revision of the Labiduridae, a family of the Dermaptera, 
36, 1910, 161-203. Caudell, A. N. Notes on Orthoptera, 4, xliii, 
156. Notes on some genera of Blattidae, 5, xviii, 88-89. Giglio- 
Tos, E. Fasmidi esotici, 25, xxv, No. 625. Pemberton^ C. Stridu- 
lation of the shield-backed grass hoppers of the genera Neduba 
& Aglaothorax, 5, xviii, 82-83. 

HEMIPTERA. Ball, E. D. Additions to the Jassid fauna of 
N. A., 4, 1911, 197-204 (*). Essig, E. O. Host index to California 
plant lice, 189, iii, 457-468. Notes on Coccidae VI, 189, iii, 469. 
Muir & Kershaw. On the later embryological stages of the head 
of Pristhesancua papuensis, 5, xviii, 75-79. Sulc, K. "Pseudov- 
itellus" und ahnliche gewebe der Homopteren sind wohnstatten 
symbiotischer Saccharomyceten, 266, 1910, pt. Ill, 39 pp. Sym- 
biotische Saccharomyceten der echten Cicaden, 266, 1910, pt. xiv, 
6 pp. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Bastelberger, Dr. Sechs neue Hemitheinae 
aus meiner sammlung, 166, v, 53-54. Chapman, T. A. On Callo- 
phrys avis, (biological treatment), 36, 1910, 85-106. Closs, A. 
Neue S'phingiden-formen in meiner sammlung, 166, v, 50-51. Cool- 
idge, K. R. Notes on Rhopalocera, 189, iii, 511-514. Dervitz, J. 
Ueber die entstehung der farbe gewisser schmetterlingskokons, 
176, xxxi, 617-636. Dognin, P. Heteroceres nouveaux de 1'Amer- 
ique du Sud, 201, xviii, 151-188. Frings, C. Ueber einige mon- 
strositaten, 40, xxvi, 11. Gerwein, E. Deskriptives und biolotj- 
isches uber Taeniocampa rorida, 24, Iv, 174-178. Gibson, A. 
Studies in the life histories of Canadian Noctuidae. I, 4, xliii, 
157-159. Kosminsky, P. Weitere untersuchungen uber die ein- 
wirkung ausserer einflusse auf Schmetterlinge, 89, xxx, 321-338. 
Leigh, S. H. A biological inquiry into the nature of melanism in 
Amphidasys betularia, 9, xlvi, 162-165. McDonnough, J. On the 
nomenclature of the male genitalia in Lepidoptera, 4, xliii, 181-189. 
Moulton, J. C. A Lycaenid in attendance on an Homopteron. 
(note), 36, 1910, xxxviii-xli. Newcomb, U. W. The life history 
of Chrysophanus dorcas, 4, xliii, 160-168. Pearsall,, R. F. A new 
Geometrid genus, and a n. sp. from the extreme southwest, 4, 1911, 


205-207 (*). Prout, L. B. On the Geometridae of the Argentine 
Republic, 36, 1910, 204-345. Rothschild, N. C. An entomological 
riddle, 40, xxvi, 18-19. Strand, E. Sechs neue Gelechiidae aus 
Argentinien, 24, Iv, 165-173. Trimen, R. Mr. A. D. Millar's Ex- 
perimental breeding from the ova of the Natalian forms of the 
nymphaline genus Euralia, 36, 1910, 498-513. Vogel, R. Ueber die 
innervierung der schmetterlingsflugel und uber den bau und die 
verbreitung der sinnesorgane auf denselben, 97, xcviii, 68-134. 
Voss, H. V. Die entwicklung der raupenzeichnung bei einigen 
Sphingiden, 89, xxx, 573-642. Wolley Dod, F. H. Further notes 
on Alberta Lepidoptera, 4, xliii, 143-156. 

DIPTERA. Aldrich, J. M. The dipterous genus Diostracus, 
5, xviii, 70-73 (*). A revision of the N. A. sps. of the dipterous 
genus Hydrophorus, 5, xviii, 46-70 (*). Brethes, J. Dipteros 
nuevos o poco conocidos de Sud-America, 60, xiii, 469-484. Cross, 
A. Notes sur les larves de Stratiomyia anubis et leurs parasites, 
65, xli, 99-103. Eysell, A. Bas schupfen der stechmucke, 305, 
ii, 69-72. Felt, E. P. Two new gall nudges, 4, 1911, 194-196. 
A n. sp. of Lasioptera with observations on certain homologies, 5, 
xviii, 84-86 (*). Hendel, F. Ueber die typenbestimmung von 
gattungen ohne ursprunglich bestimmten typus. Ein protest gegen 
die anwendlung des artikels 30, punkt g, der Internationalen 
Regeln der Zoolog. Nomenklatur, 38, xxx, 89-92. Howard, L. O 
Remedies and preventives against mosquitoes, 7, Farm. Bui, 
No. 444. Johnson, C. W. Notes on the dipterous genera proposed 
by Billberg in his Enumeratio Insectorum, 5, xviii, 73-74. Keller, 
C. Neues aus dem leben der S'yrphus-larven, 175, vii, 70-74. 
Kleine, R. Variationserscheinungen im flugelgeader von Lepis 
vitripennis, 24, Iv, 193-202. Knab, F. The food habits of Megar- 
hinus, 5, xviii, 80-82. Ludlow, C. S. A new Alaskan mosquito, 
4, xliii, 178-179 (*). Lutz, A. Dipterologische notizen, 227, ii, 
58-63. Metcalf, C. L. Preliminary report on the life histories of 
two sp. of Syrphidae, 143, xi, 337-346. Morse, A. P. Lucilia ser- 
icata as a household pest, 5, xviii, 89-92. Newstead, R. A revision 
of the tsetse-flies (Glossina), based on a study of the male genital 
armature, 313, ii, 9-36. Ritter, W. The flying apperatus of the 
blow-fly, 335, Ivi, No. 12, 76 pp. Stein, P. Die von schnus in 
Sudamerika gefangenen Anthomyiden, 119, 1911, 61-189. Thiene- 
mann, A. Das sammeln von puppen hauten der Chironomiden 
nuch einmal eine bitte um mitarbeit, 239, iv, 380-382. 

COLEOPTERA. Bernhauer et Schubert. Coleopterorum cat- 
alogus. Pars 29: Staphylinidae II, 87-190. Boucomont, A. Con- 


tribution a la classification des Geotrypidae, 86, Ixxix, 333-350. 
Boving, A. Nye bidrag til Carabernes udviklingshistorie. (Lar- 
vae) 303, vi, 129-180. Brocher, F. Recherches sur la respiration 
des insects aquatiques adultes des Dyticides, 239, iv, 383-398. 
Champion, G. C. Note on the methods used to obtain minute 
blind Staphylinidae, 8, 1911, 138-139. Csiki, E. Coleopterorum 
catalogus. Pars 32; Hydrocaphidae Ptiliidae. 61 pp. Dalla 
Torre, K. W. V. Coleopterorum catalogus. Pars 30: Cioidae. 
32 pp. Coleopterorum catalogus. Pars 31: Aglycyderidae, Pro- 
terrhinidae. 8 pp. Gahan, C. J. On some recent attempts to 
classify the coleoptera in accordance with their phylogeny, 9, 
xliv, 165-169. Hegner, R. W. Experiments i\vith chrysomelid 
beetles. III. The effects of killing parts of the eggs of Leptino- 
tarsa decemlineata, 198, xx, 237-251. Joy, N. H. The behavior of 
Coleoptera in time of floods, 36, 1910, 379-385. Kerrmans, C. 
Monographic des Buprestides Tome. v. 11-12 livr, 321-384 pp. 
(Polybothris). Kleine, R. Biologische betrachtungen an Gas- 
troidea (Gastrophysa) viridula, 166, v, 70-72. Kraus, E. J. A 
revision of the powder-post beetles of the family Lyctidae of the 
U. S. and Europe, 7, Tech. S'er. No. 20, pt. 3 (*). McDermott, 
F. A. The "eye-spots" of Alaus oculatus, 4, xliii, 190-192. Moser, 
J. Beitrag zvir kenntnis der Cetoniden, 35, Iv, 119-129. Nusslin, 
O. Phylogenie und system der borkenkafer, 92, vii, 47-51. Pan- 
gella, G.- Viaggio del Dr. E. Festa nel Darien, nell' Ecuador e 
regioni vicine. Viaggio del Dott. A. Borelli nel Chaco Boliviano, 
nel Matto Grosso e nella Republica Argentine. Buprestidi, 25, 
xxv, Nos. 618, 619. Pierce, W. D. Notes on insects of the order 
Strepsiptera, with descriptions of n. sps., 50, xl, 487-511 (*). 
Thery, A. Buprestides nouveaux (2d. pt.), 201, xviii, 1-58. Titus, 
E. G. Another imported clover weevil, 5, xviii, 74. Webb, J. L. 
Injuries to forests and forest products by round headed borers, 
243, 1910, 341-358. Wenzel, H. A. & H. W. Coleoptera collected 
in Northern Ontario, 18, 1911, 48-56. Wickham, H. F. Fossil 
Coleoptera from Florissant with descriptions of n. sp., 153, xxx, 
53-69 (*). 

HYMENOPTERA. Beutenmuller, W. Two new sp. of Cyn- 
ipidae, 4, 1911, 211-212 (*). Two n. sps. of Holcaspis from Mex- 
ico, 5,, xviii, 86-87 (*). Brethes, J. Himenopteros Argentines, 
60, xiii, 205-316. Buckingham, E. N. Division of labor among 
ants, 334, xlvi, 425-507. Bugnion, E. Recherches anatomiques 
sur Aulacus striatus. Tube digestif, ovaires, oeufs, pedicules, 56, 
xii, 43-48. Crawford, J. C. Descriptions of new Hymenoptera. 


2, 50, xl, 439-449 (*). Doncaster, L. Gametogenesis of the gall- 
fly Neuroterus lenticularis. Pt. II, 197,, Ixxxiii, 476-489. Donis- 
thorpe, H. K. Some experiments with ants' nests. 36, 1910, 142- 
150. Girault, A. A. The chalcidoid parasites of the coccid Kermes 
pubescens, with desc. of two n. g. and three n. sps. of Encyrtinae 
from Illinois, 4, xliii, 168-178 (*). Heikertinger, F. Wclche Halti- 
cinenarten gehoren Europa und Nordamerika gemeinsam an? 44, 
Ivi, 1-20. Kesenheimer, H. Neues verfahren zum sammln von 
hornissen-, wespen- und hummelnestern, 84, xxviii, 81-84 
Mokrzecki, S. Biologische notiz uber Pimpla pomorum, 92, vii, 
63-64. Morley, C. On the position of the Rhopalosomidae with 
the description of a second sp., 36, 1910, 386-390. Rohwer, S. A.- 
Studies in the sawfly genus Hoplocampa, 7, Tech. Ser. No. 20, 
pt. 4, 139-148 (*). Descriptions of n. sp. of wasps with notes on 
described species, 50, xl, 551-587 (*). Rudow, Dr. Afterraupen 
der blattwespen und ihre entwicklung (cont.), 84, xxviii, 71-72, 
79-80, 87-88. Schmidt. A. Funf neue Aphodiinen aus dem mus- 
eum zu London, 40, xxvi, 14-16 (*). Schumacher, F. Beitrage 
zur kenntnis der biologie der Asopiden, 92, xii, 40-47. Strand, E. 
Neue und wenig bekannte exotische arten der Chalcididengat- 
tungen Megastigmus, Mesodiomorus (n. g.), Polychromatium, und 
Leucospis, 38, xxx, 93-99. S'echszehn novitaten der gattung Sten- 
opistha und zwei neue gattungsnamen in Chalcididae, 119, 1911, 
199-210. Eine neue sudamerikanische biene der gattung Corynura, 
166, v, 35-36. Tanquary, M. C. Experiments on the adoption of 
Lasius, Formica and Polyergus queens by colonies of alien species, 
198, xx, 281-308. Viehmeyer, H. Morphologie und Phylogenie 
von Formica sanguinea, 92, vii, 427-441. Wheeler, W. M. Addi- 
tions to the ant fauna of Jamaica, 153, xxx. 21-29. Ants collected 
in Grenada, W. I. by Mr. C. T. Brues, 195. liv. 167-172. Zavattari, 
E. Sulla posizione sistematica del genere Bradynobaenus, 25, 
xxv. No. 621. 

THE HOUSE FLY Disease Carrier. An account of its Dangerous Ac- 
tivities and of The Means of Destroying It. By L. O. Howard, 
Ph.D., New York. Frederick Stokes Company, Publishers. 
Price $1.60. 

In the last few years this insect has received a large amount of 
attention from many sources. A large number of articles have ap- 
peared in relation to it in scientific, medical and popular magazines 
and in the newspapers. The house fly has been found guilty of many 
offences and the general public has become interested in it. Dr. 


Howard has taken 312 pages to tell the story of the species and its 
iniquities and has done the work admirably. There is a frontispiece 
showing Musca domestica in all its glory, and forty text-cuts. The 
scope of the work is shown by the main headings of the various 
chapters: Zoological Position; Life History and Habits; Natural 
Enemies; Carriage of Diseases by Flies (typhoid fever, cholera, dys- 
entery, diarrhea, tuberculosis, anthrax, yaws, ophthalmia, diphtheria, 
smallpox, plague, tropical sore and parasitic worms) ; Remedies and 
Preventive Measures; Other Flies Frequenting Houses; Bibliography 
and five Appendices as follows: Flies Frequenting Human Dejecta 
and those found in Kitchens ; On some Flies Reared from Cow 
Manure; Regulations of the Health Department of the District of 
Columbia Relating to House Flies; Orders of the Commissioners of 
Columbia; Directions for Building a Sanitary Privy; A Simple Ap- 
paratus for Use in the Safe Disposal of Night-Soil. 

Nothing of importance appears to have been overlooked and the 
volume covers the subject in all its phases carefully and accurately. 
-H. S. 

cock, M.D., F.E.S. With 215 original illustrations in the text 
and 12 colored plates by the author. Chicago. A. C. McClurg 
& Co., 1911. 12 mo., pp. xviii, 451. $2.75. 

This book is divided into eight sections : I. Evolution and Natural 
Selection (Introduction) ; II. Adaptations in Animals and Plants, 
with examples; III. Protective Resemblance, with examples; IV. 
Mimicry, with examples; V. Warning Colors, Terrifying Markings 
and other Protective Devices, with examples; VI. Animal Behavior, 
with examples; VII. General Observations and Sketches Afield, with 
examples ; VIII. Ecology Interpretation of Environment as ex- 
emplified in the Orthoptera. 

The method of treatment is set forth in the preface : "The work 
has been divided into sections mainly through an endeavor to show 
the philosophy of evolution. First, I have brought forward sketches 
showing special adaptations and animal behavior. Secondly, by 
walks afield I have attempted in a simple manner to show the appli- 
cation of evolution to the objects viewed. In the table of contents 
will be found other subdivisions of the subject. When not other- 
wise stated, these word sketches have been drawn from my diary 
notes covering many years, made at Lakeside, Berrien County, Michi- 

On a frame-work of copious quotations, summaries and abstracts 
of the works of the great and well known evolutionary biologists, 
Dr. Hancock has hung his own observations as illustrations. He 


treats many of the most fundamental and difficult problems in or- 
ganic nature and it is too much to expect that his views of the signi- 
ficance of the structures and habits which he describes will satisfy 
all his readers. The book will no doubt fulfill one of its author's 
aims in suggesting to field naturalists and nature lovers some of the 
deeper meanings of the phenomena all around us. 

More consideration is confessedly given to the insects than to other 
groups of animals. Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, Orthoptera, 
Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Neuroptera, Odonata and Spiders all figure 
in these interesting pages. As is quite appropriate to the author's 
well-known position as a specialist, the Orthoptera receive a larger 
share of attention than any other insects, the eighth section compris- 
ing 118 pages and including a list of Classified Habitats of Various 
Species of Orthoptera based on their egg-laying sites, to show their 
relation to plant formations in general (n pp.), and four pages of 
Definitions of common environmental complexes and the various 
habitats of plants grouped under formations. There is an apparent- 
ly full index of 17 pages. 

The plates are three-color reproductions from colored photographs, 
most of them presenting flower and insect groups. P. P. C. 

PROF. Vernon L. Kellogg's THE ANIMALS AND MAN, An Elementary 
Textbook of Zoology and Human Physiology (New York, Henry 
Holt & Co., 1911, 16 mo.) devotes 70 pages to insects out of a total 
of 495, which is, perhaps, an instance of admirable self-control on 
the part of its distinguished entomological author. From a peda- 
gogical point of view it may be interesting to note how those 70 
pages are distributed, in the different parts of the book : External 
structure of the grasshopper 3, Mosquitos and caterpillars 12, Insects 
in general 4, Fighting insect pests n, Mutual Aid and Communal 
Life 15, Colors and Markings of Animals 12, Insects and flowers 10, 
Collecting and Preserving 3. P. P. C. 

Doings of Societies. 


Meeting of April 27th, 1911. Dr. Philip P. Calvert, Presi- 
dent, in the chair, fifteen persons present. 

Dr. Skinner made some remarks on the classification of the 
Hesperidae and said he believed in using any available char- 
acters for keys, irrespective of natural affinities. Mr. Rehn 


said he approved of using all available characters for such a 

Dr. C'alvert exhibited a small collection of Odonata from 
Pennsylvania, which Mr. E. Daecke had submitted for identi- 
fication. The most interesting specimen among them was a 
male Aeshna mntata Hagen (as defined by Messrs. William- 
son, 1908, and E. M. Walker, 1908), labeled "W. Fairview, 
Pa., VII, 4, 10, coll. by Kirk." This is the first record of 
the species for Pennsylvania, previously known localities be- 
ing Massachusetts and Indiana. 

Mr. Rehn exhibited representatives of a number of bizarre 
species of Acrydinae (Tettiginae of most authors), eighteen 
genera being shown. A number of the species in the series 
were new forms from Ruwenzori and the Virunga volcanoes, 
Central Africa. Particular attention was called to the super- 
ficial resemblance of species of Choryphyllum, Hypsaens, 
Xerophyllum and Trypophyllum to the species of Membraci- 

Mr. Cresson exhibited a very large Acanthomerid fly taken 
by Prof. Stewardson Brown in Venezuela. It lives in the 

Dr. Calvert read an extract from an article in the Ento- 
mologist's Monthly Magazine on Carrion-feeding Coleoptera, 
in which the author maintained that the beetles visited the 
carrion in search of dipterous larvae. Mr. Wenzel said the 
length of time the carcass has been dead largely determined 
the genera and species of Coleoptera in attendance. Mr. 
Laurent said Necrophorus came first and Silplia afterward. 

Dr. Calvert also called attention to articles by Mr. C. J. 
Gahan in The Entomologist on recent classifications of the 
Coleoptera, and to one in the Entomologist's Monthly Maga- 
zine, in which it was stated that certain Chironomid larvae 
were parasitic in snails. 

It was decided to hold the meetings in June and December 
on the second Monday instead of the fourth Thursday. 

HENRY SKINNER, Secretary. 



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Vol. XXII. No. 8. 

Major John Eatton Le Conte, 1784-1860. 

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Plate X. 

-r ( ' * 






VOL. XXII. OCTOBER, 1911. No. 8. 


Obituary Daniel William Coquillett 337 , Skinner Two rare spp. of Coleoptera. . 354 
Coolidge Collecting in Southern Ari- Beutenmueller Description of a new 

zona 339 

Dryophanta (H)men.) 357 

Needham Notes on a few Nymphs of ] Girault A new Polynema from Mexico 

Agrioninae (Order Odonata) of the (Hymen.) 358 

Hagen Collection 342 Bower Early Stages of Lycaena lyg- 

Bishop A new Root Gall Midge from 
Smilacina ( Dipt. I 346 

Girault The Probable Occurrence of 
the Mymarid Genus Dicopus Knock 
in North America (Hymen.) 347 

Alexander Notes on Two Tipulidae 
(Dipt.) 349 

damus Dpubleday (Lepid.) 359 

Girault Critical notes on some species 

of Mymaridae (Hymen.) 363 

Editorial 369 

Notes and News 370 

Entomological Literature 374 

Doings of Societies 379 

Daniel William Coquillett. 

(Portrait, Plate X.) 

Daniel William Coquillett was born January 23, 1856, on 
a farm in Pleasant Valley, between Woodstock and Marengo, 
Illinois, and died July 7, 1911, at Atlantic City, New Jersey, 
of heart failure. 

It was with great regret that we heard of the death of our 
leading Dipterist. There are many who will miss his cheer, 
and his help in the determination of their finds in Diptera, and 
the United States National Museum has lost a valuable mem- 
ber of its staff. 

He had been interested in insects as a young man on his 
father's farm in Pleasant Valley, and he contributed liberally 
to the literature of applied entomology. In 1881 he became 
Assistant State Entomologist of Illinois, but was compelled 
to remove to California for his health, where in 1885 he be- 
came field agent for the Division of Entomology of the United 
States Department of Agriculture, and continued as such until 
1893, when he was transferred to Washington as an assistant 
to the Entomologist of the Department. In 1896 he was raised 
to the office of Honorary Custodian of Diptera of the U. S. 
National Museum, which he held at the time of his death. 



While in California he did valuable work in the suppression 
of insect pests which were causing much damage, particularly 
the scale insects and locusts. He discovered and perfected the 
hydrocyanic gas treatment which is used to-day for the control 
of most of the scale insects, by the fruit growers of California 
and elsewhere. He also perfected a mash which successfully 
checked the onslaughts of the locusts or grasshoppers in Cen- 
tral California. It was through his careful thorough work that 
the parasite of the cottony cushion scale was established to 
destroy that pest. 

Since 1883 he contributed many papers on biological and 
systematic Dipterology, especially the latter, which are inval- 
uable to the students of North American Diptera. Among 
these are papers on the Bombyliidae, Asilidae, Empididae, 
Therevidae, Culicidae and Tachinidae which are monographs 
or synopses of most of the genera and species of these fam- 
ilies. His last paper of note, entitled "The Type-Species of 
the North American Diptera" was completed a short time be- 
fore his death, as the result of many years' study, and is of 
the utmost importance to students of this order. His work 
is to be classed with that of Loew and Osten Sacken in its 
importance, and his connection with the U. S. National Mu- 
seum as custodian of Diptera gave him the opportunity to 
investigate and study along his special lines with the aid of 
the best collection. The work of determining the great mass 
of material received by the Museum, gave him little time to 
devote to the descriptions of new forms, so that we are now 
complaining of his short diagnoses. He described over 1000 
species from North America and many from other parts of 
the world. His views regarding the limits of species, and on 
nomenclature were very conservative, and no amount of favor, 
sentiment or criticism would influence him in his opinions. 
That he was one of the greatest American Dipterists there 
is no doubt, and there are few if any who can fill his place 
as well as he did. He was a member of the Washington 
Academy of Science, the Washington Entomological Society 
(its president 1903-1904), the Entomological Society of 
America, the Association of Economic Entomologists, and the 
American Association for the Advancement of Science. E. T. 
C, JR. 


Collecting in Southern Arizona. 
By KARL R. COOLIDGE, Ceres, California. 

One would scarcely think when viewing through a car win- 
dow the barren saline alkali plains of southern Arizona and the 
various mountain stocks that loom up on all sides, that such a 
region could afford anything of particular interest to the ento- 
mologist. Yet these mountains, and especially the Huachucas. 
are as rich, if not richer than any other collecting grounds in 
the United States. 

For the past thirty years or more, naturalists have collected 
here in all branches of biology, but new and interesting discov- 
eries invariably greet the latest arrival, and it will be many 
years before we shall have obtained a satisfactory faunal 
knowledge. As we have no way of judging the future but by 
the past, I may presume then that in the coming years ento- 
mologists will continue to visit this region, and my object in 
presenting the article is that it may be of some service to fu- 
ture collectors. For, having strenuously gone through the mill 
myself, I can assure the intending entomologist that experi- 
ence as a teacher here exacts heavy dues, and unless one is ac- 
quainted with the country and the conditions governed by its 
environment, he may lose much precious time, and otherwise 
suffer undesirable inconveniences. 

The Huachuca Mountains, on the Sierra Espuela, as they 
were termed by the early explorers, lie in the extreme south- 
west corner of Cochise County, and are almost wholly within 
the United States, extending from the International line in a 
northerly and somewhat westerly direction to a distance of 
about forty miles, reaching the Barbcomari River, which 
empties into the San Pedro at Fairbanks. The range is com- 
posed of a single backbone or ridge, the highest point of which 
is Hasslops, or Miller Peak as it is better known, an elevation 
of 9472 feet, and the mountains rise to this from a base level 
of nearly 5000 feet. The western canyons are quite short and 
with little or no water, as the slope on that side is steep and 
rugged. On the eastern slope, however, the canyons are broad- 


er and the majority of them well watered. Montezuma Can- 
yon borders on the line, and the canyons from there are Ash, 
Clark, Miller, Carr, Ramsey, Brown, Tanner, Rock and Fort. 
Of these Ramsey is by far the best and most logical, as it con- 
tains a good stream, is easy of access and is quite gradual in 
its ascent. Miller Canyon has also been collected extensively. 
Tanner Canyon, or Garden Canyon as it is now known, the 
Post garden being situated there, has the largest flow of water, 
which has been reported as containing fish. On the western 
slope the most prominent canyons are Cave, Bear, Copper 
Glance, and Old Mill, but in none of these would I consider it 
advisable to camp permanently. Cave Canyon, as the name in- 
dicates, contains a number of caves, in one of which I believe 
water has been found, and some interesting blind forms may 
possibly occur there. In Montezuma Canyon the collector is 
quite liable to encounter some new introduced cave subspecies, 
in the nature of Mexican mescal smugglers, who rendezvous 
in that locality. Ramsey Canyon can easily be reached from 
Hereford, the headquarters of the Green Cattle Company, the 
distance being about fourteen miles. A semi-weekly stage is 
run between these points. About two miles up the canyon 
there is a beautiful flower garden, the property of Mr. William 
Berner, and it affords excellent collecting. A small store is 
also kept in Ramsey Canyon, managed by the genial and able 
proprietor of the Hotel de Jack. 

The Huachuca Mountains are still a fairly well wooded 
range, notwithstanding the onslaughts of the lumber hogs who 
thrived here before this region was declared a forest reserve. 
The higher parts are covered by various conifers, including six 
species of pines, Finns arizonica, P. ponderosa, P. strobi- 
fortnis, P. cembroides, P. maryiana, and P. chihuchuana. 
Along the streams grow various maples, alders, ash, walnuts, 
madrones, and the splendid Arizona sycamore (Plat anus 
wrightii Watson.) Eight species of oak are found here, these 
being 0. hypolcnca, Q. chrysolepis, Q. emoryi, Q. reticulata, Q. 
arisona, Q. gambelii, Q. oblongifolia and Q. undulata. The 
latter is a scrub oak and occurs in extensive grooves, particu- 


larly about the foothills. Among other trees that might be men- 
tioned are the Douglass spruce (Pseudotsuga mucronata Sud- 
worth) ; one seed juniper (Juniper us monosperma Sargent) ; 
alligator juniper /. pachyphloea Torrey) ; four willows, 5. 
nigra Marshall, 5". occidentalis longipes Beff, S. lasiolepis Bent- 
ham, 5\ ta.vifolia Humboldt, Bonpland and Kunth ; the quak- 
ing asp (Populns trcmuloides Michaux), and another Populous, 
the beautiful Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii Watson) ; 
two species of Hackberry (C. occidentalis Linnaeus, and C. 
reticulata Torrey) ; the Mexican mulberry (Morns ccltidifolia 
Humb., Bonpland and Kunth), and two mahoganies (C. parvi- 
folius betuloides Sargent, and C. p. paucidentatus Watson) ; 
the Mexican cherry (Prunus salicifolia Humb., Bonpland and 
Kunth) ; Devil's claws (Acacia greggi Gray), and A constric- 
ta Bentham ; New Mexican locust (Robinia neomexicana 
Gray), hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata Linnaeus), wild china tree 
(Sapindus marginatus Wildenow), Mexican elder (Sambucus 
ine.vicana Preal.) There are many mescals and a few yuccas 
about the foothills, and both of these, when in blossom, attract 
innumerable insects and are of the greatest value to the lepi- 
dopterist, dipterist and hymenopterist. Along the water 
courses the gnarled manzanita, A. pungens H. B. and K., 
grows in profusion. There are a few clusters of mesquite, 
Prosopis glandnlosa Torrey, at the base of the mountains and 
on these there is excellent collecting, especially when in bloom. 

For the lepidopterist, August is the earliest month in which 
to visit the mountains, collecting from then on being at its 
best. While a number of single-brooded species will be miss- 
ed, yet the richness of the fall months more than make up the 
deficit. Arizona having two so-called rainy seasons winter 
and summer there is but little collecting save in the months 
immediately following these. The summer rains generally be- 
gin in early July, and sometimes continue considerably into 

The water question in the Huachucas, while not a serious 
one, is worthy of some consideration. A canteen will prove to 
be a very useful article. Moreover a small calibre rifle or re- 


volver should be part of the collector's paraphernalia, as the 
little hydrophobia skunk seems to be particularly partial to ento- 
mologists and his visits are largely nocturnal. Tin boxes 
should be used in packing specimens, as they not only safe- 
guard the contents from the ravages of ants, but also to a con- 
siderable degree are mouldproof. For night collecting, an 
acetylene lamp is quite indispensable. Sugaring I have found 
to be highly unproductive. 

Notes on a few Nymphs of Agrioninae (Order 
Odonata) of the Hagen Collection. 

By JAMES G. NEEDHAM, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. 

(Plate XI.) 

Supplemental to the descriptions and figures of nymphs of 
Calopteryginae that were published in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 
for March, 1911, I present herewith some descriptive notes 
and drawings of three nymphs of Agrioninae. The species 
are <from India. The specimens are in the Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology, where I studied them in 1905. Although 
long in Dr. Hagen's possession they were not described by 
him. They present some peculiarities of structure that will 
be of special interest and value when the primary subdivisions 
of the subfamilies of Zygoptera shall come to be accurately 

Legion Podagrion s. lat. gen. ? sp. ? (Plate XI, figs. 1-4). 

A few poorly preserved specimens of this species bear the 
M. C. Z. number 334. 

A well-grown nymph measures; in length, 28 mm.; gills, / mm. ad- 
ditional ; abdomen, 21 mm. ; hind femur, 5 mm. Width of head, 5 mm. ; 
of abdomen, 3.5 mm. 

A smooth and rather slender species with long abdomen and 
rather short legs. Head widest across the middle of the large, 
laterally prominent eyes, which cover two-thirds of its side margins. 
Hind angles low, broadly rounded, subspinulose ; between them the 
hind margin is deeply notched. Ocelli large, close together. Antennae 
about as long as the head is wide, the length of the several seg- 
ments from the base outward is as I : 1.3: 2.1 : 1.7 : 1.3 : i : .6. 
Labium elongate slender, the hinge reaching porteriorly to the 


metathorax ; mentum widened to the bases of the rather short lateral 
lobes ; median lobe somewhat prominent, completely divided by a 
nearly closed median cleft which descends below the level of the 
base of the lateral lobes and widens at the bottom to an oval en- 
closure. Lateral lobe with a long and strong movable hook, and 
two stout incurved hooks on the end, the outer hook being simple 
and half as large as the inner. No raptorial setae. 

Legs short, longitudinally carinate, the carinae beset with minute 
prickles. Wings reaching the base of the fourth abdominal seg- 

Abdomen cylindric, becoming compressed and slightly narrowed 
on segments 9 and 10, with a dorsal ridge on 10, slightly excavate 
at the apical margin. Segments 5-9 are laterally carinate, the 
carinse spinulose serrate, ending in sharp lateral spines, the one 
on segment 5 rudimentary. Gills obovate, widest beyond the middle, 
and abruptly rounded on tip, each jointed on a distinct basal segment 
that is about as long as high, the middle gill about a tenth shorter 
than the other two. External genitalia of both sexes remarkably 
well developed. 

The identity of this nymph is not disclosed by the imperfectly 
preserved venation. Ante and post-nodals are 2:16 and 2:14 in fore 
and hind wing respectively. The hind margin appears to be "petiolate" 
from the level of the cross vein opposite the inner end of the 
subquadrangle, although this is not very clear. The stigma is nearly 
four times as long as wide, slightly convex both before and behind, 
strongly braced at its inner end, and there are two cross veins in 
the space behind it, placed at the first and second thirds of its length. 
Vein M2 arises opposite the fourth cross vein beyond the nodus, 
is widely separated from vein Mi opposite the outer end of the 
stigma with four cell rows between (three of them below vein 
Mia) and strongly convergent with vein Mi to the wing margin. 
In the apical costal space beyond the stigma there are about ten 
long simple cross veins in the fore wing, and somewhat fewer, dis- 
tinctly forking ones in the hind wing. The arculus is in line with 
the second antenodal cross vein, but inclines outward to meet the 
inner angle of the rather obliquely placed quadrangle. The latter 
is trapezoidal, its front margin much shorter than the others, being 
about half as long as the outer side and hardly more than a third 
as long as the hinder side. The branches of the cubital vein di- 
verge strongly at their departure from the quadrangle, and then ex- 
tend parallel. 

These details should be sufficient for the determination of 
the genus at least, if one had before him representatives of 
the Indian fauna. I know no adult Agrionid with venation 


of the sort described. The reference is made to the legion 
Podagrion of de Selys, because of the existence of two inter- 
polated sectors (one long and one short) between veins M 3 
and Rs, with a number of short oblique ones behind the tip 
of vein M 3 . 

Pseudagrion sp. ? (supposition), (Plate XI, figs. 5-8). 

Nymphs are in the M. C. Z. collection bearing numbers 327 
and 355, collected by Rev. M. A. Carleton, in the Himalayas, 
in 1871. 

A well grown nymph measures 19 mm., gills 6 mm. additional ; 
abdomen, 14 mm. Width of head, 3.2 mm. 

A rather slender nymph, readily recognized by the extreme angula- 
tion of the hind angles of the head, and by the conspicuous joint in 
the middle of the gills. The head save for the hind angles, is of the 
ordinary Agrionine form, with ocelli close together upon the middle 
of the dorsal side. The antennae are apparently but six jointed, the 
relative lengths of the joints being as i: .9: i.i : 1.2: .9: .7. Legs 
slender. The wing cases reach the middle of the fourth abdominal 
segment. Vein M2 arises opposite the fifth cross vein after the nodus 
in the fore wing, opposite the fourth cross vein in the hind wing. 
There are no interpolated sectors save Mia which arises in the hind 
wing opposite the base of the brace vein to the stigma. The hind 
side of the stigma is shorter than the cell behind it. The front side 
of the quadrangle is in the fore wing about equal in length to the 
inner end, but much longer in the hind wing. The gills are diver- 
gent basally, distinctly divided into two segments by an oblique suture 
at the middle of their length, and thereafter parallel to their rather 
obtuse tips. In a wide transparent marginal area there are small pig- 
mentation figures of more or less dendritic form, and the denser 
more opaque median band is traversed by long and nearly parallel 
tracheal branches, which gradually diverge to the margins. 

Aciagrion sp. ? (supposition), (Plate XI, figs. 9, 10). 

Nymphs of this species in the Museum of Comparative Zoo- 
logy bear the numbers 395 ("Swamp, E. Jumma, India. Old 
Holy Tank"), and 324 ("Ibania, East India. Old Holy 
Tank"). They are interesting as showing a minimum devel- 
opment of the median cleft of the labium. 

A well grown specimen measures : in length, 12.5 mm., gills 3.5 
mm. additional ; abdomen, 7.5 mm. ; hind femur, 3 mm. Width of 
head, 3 mm., of abdomen 2 mm. 

A not very slender nymph with short gills. Head rather deeply 


Plate XI. 



and squarely notched behind between wide hind angles that are 
obtusely rounded externally and beset with minute prickles or tuber - 
culr.tions. Antennae seven-jointed, the relative length of the segments 
being as i : 1.6 : 2 : 1.9 : 1.6 : 1.2 : .6. 

The legs are short and rather stout with spinulous longitudinal 
carinae. The femora show indistinct subapical rings of paler colora- 
tion. The wing-cases reach the middle of the fourth abdominal seg- 
ment. Abdomen rather short, cylindric, slightly tapering posteriorly 
with a row of pale dots across the apical border of each segment. 
Gills oval, widest just beyond the middle, tapering to both ends, but 
more abruptly to the submucronate apex. They are without the 
middle transverse suture of the preceding species, but they retain 
the chitinized margins bearing minute serratures and spinules in 
something less than the basal half of the dorsal margin of the 
superior gill and of the ventral margin of the paired gills. The 
tracheal branches are all long. They issue separately near the base 
and gradually diverge as they pass outward along the axial thicken- 
ing of the gill. 

The genitalia are well marked in both sexes. The ovipositor of 
the female is large, its supporting valves bear on the ventral margin 
several spinules and have a thorn-like decurved apex. The ninth 
segment in the male is armed ventrally with two sharp pyramidal 
triangular spines. 

I have ventured to publish these brief descriptions for the 
purpose of calling attention to the cleft condition of the 
labium in two true Agrioninae. Also, for the purpose of calling 
attention to the almost untouched problem of the segmenta- 
tion of the caudal gills which the three forms herewith describ- 
ed present. The first of these has gills with a short basal 
segment, something as in Lestes. The second has a distinct 
joint in the middle of the gill. The third has lost the middle 
suture, but has retained a slight differentiation of the margin 
of the basal portion, as have some other well known agrionine 

Explanation of Plate XI. Figures I to 4, unknown nymph cf ;hc 
legion Podagrion. I The head from above. 2 The labium from 
within. 3 The lateral lobe of the same. 4 A single caudal gill. 

Figures 5 to 8 Pseudagrion (supposition). 5 The head from 
above. 6 The labium from within. 7 The lateral lobe of the 
same. 8 The end of the abdomen of the male nymph, showing 


Figures 9 and 10 Aciagrion (supposition). 9 The labium from 
within. 10 The lateral lobe of the labium of the same. 


A New Root Gall Mtdge from Smilacina (Dipt.). 

BY SHERMAN C. BISHOP, Clyde, New York. 

Dasyneura smilacinae n. sp. 

The insect described below was reared by me at Ithaca, New 
York, January 15, 1910, from root galls on false Solomon's 
Seal, Smilacina racemosa. 

Female. Length 1.5 to 2.5 mm. Face, light yellow, slightly darker 
at apex ; labrum, yellow, somewhat darker at tip and fringed on its 
free margin with fine hairs. Antennae, dark brown; 17 sessile seg- 
ments, extending to second abdominal segment; basal segment, goblet 
shaped; second, globular and inserted in hollow of first; first two and 
basal half of third segments lighter in color than remaining segments; 
the fifth cylindric, with a length about twice its diameter ; subbasal 
whorl sparse, subapical whorl long, scattering; terminal segment nar- 
rowly conical, with a length three times its diameter and tapering 
rather abruptly from the distal third. Palpi quadriarticulate, first seg- 
ment subquadrate, the second rectangular with a length three times 
its diameter, the third one-half longer, more slender; the fourth longer 
and more slender than the third. 

Pro- and meso-thorax marked dorsally with three dark brown longi- 
tudinally extending spots, placed side by side, with center one slightly 
cephalad. Center spot rounded in front, tapering to a point behind. 
Outer spots roughly crescent shaped, with convex sides placed towards 
the center. 

Abdomen light yellow or white, covered dorsally with brown scales, 
forming broad but somewhat indistinct bands. Posterior margins of 
segments fringed with long yellow hairs. Ovipositor, fully extended, 
about three- fourths as long as body; terminal lobes with a length four 
to five times their width, slightly tapering, thickly setose ; minor lobes 

Wings hyaline covered sparsely with long light brown hairs ; sub- 
costa uniting with costa at the basal third; the third vein slightly 
curved and joining the margin at the distal ninth; the fifth at the 
distal fourth, its branch just before the basal half; costa thickly clothed 
with brown hairs and a few elongated scales. 

Halteres with stalk transparent and knob light brown or with an 
opaque spot. 

Legs, light straw, sparsely covered with short light brown hairs. 
Tarsi somewhat darker ; first two segments as long as last three ; claws 
slender, strongly curved, unidentate, the pulvilli a little shorter than 
the claws. 

Male. Length, i mm. Antennae probably with 17 segments, the 
fifth with a stem about one-third the length of the cylindric basal en- 
largement, which latter has a length twice its diameter. Stalks of seg- 
ments lighter in color than basal enlargements. Other characters of 
male indistinct, the one specimen being in very bad condition. 


The Probable Occurrence of the Mymarid Genus 
Dicopus Enock in North America (Hymen.). 

BY A. A. GIRAULT, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 

Several weeks ago, Dr. C. Gordon Hewitt, Dominion Ento- 
mologist, Ottawa, Canada, turned over to me for identification 
a number of slide-mounted parasitic Hymenoptera obtained 
from spruce budworm rearing material, among which I found 
a single mymarid so minute as almost to be lost in the medium in 
which it was mounted. Casually, I placed it at once as an 
Alaptus but more leisurely examination showed that it differed 
from that genus in having two more segments in the antennae. 
This being the case, the species could not be placed into any of 
the genera of the Gonatocerinre, since there are none in that 
sub-family which bear twelve-jointed antennae in the males. 
There is an English genus, however, recently described by 
Enock for Dicopus minutissima Enock, which closely resem- 
bles Alaptus Haliday in form, but which differs in bearing two 
more antennal segments ; the male of this genus is unknown. 
Now, this Canadian species precluded from being an Alaptus 
must belong to Dicopus, at least until we know 7 to the contrary. 
It is one of the smallest North American Mymaridse and be- 
cause of this and also because of its characteristic appearance, 
I believe it incumbent on me to describe it rather than risk its 
being lost. It can be easily recognized ; thus, it is an Alaptus 
male with two more segments in the antennae, the antennal 
funicle peculiar because of the abrupt narrowing of the second 
joint and the fore wings more or less characteristic by reason 
of their comparatively abundant discal ciliation. I describe the 
species in detail herewith. 

Family Mymaridae, Subfamily Gonatocerinae, Tribe Gonatocerini, Ge- 
nus Dicopus Enock. 

1. Dicopus halitus new species. 
Normal position. 

Male. Length, 0.23 mm. Very minute, barely visible to the naked 
eye as a fleck of dust. Abdomen sessile; tarsi 5-jointed. 

General color sooty black, all of the legs and the whole of the an- 
tenme pallid yellowish; wings very sliyhtly clouded throughout, the 


margins of the fore wings distad rimmed with yellowish. Eyes dark 

With all of the characters of Alaptus Haliday, male, but the anten- 
nae 12-jointed; resembling an Alaptus. However, the fore wing is 
slenderer at that portion just distad of the venation and the caudal 
wings are as narrow as it is possible for them to be and still have a 
blade, narrower by a half than those of Alaptus. Fore wings shaped 
as in Alaptus, their marginal cilia long and slender, the longest at and 
around the apex where they are four or more times longer than the 
wing is wide just before apex (its widest portion), the ci'ia sym- 
metrical along each margin, those around the dilated apical portion of 
the blade colorless a short distance out from their insertions, making 
the usual colorless path which follows the outlines of the margins of 
the apex. Blade of the fore wing characterized by bearing in the 
dilated portion (distal half or less) a single midlongitudinal paired 
line of short discal cilia and a single line of the same along each mar- 
gin, all three lines about equal in length. Venation as in Alaptus and the 
wing has the usual dilated portion proximad, along the caudal margin. 
Caudal wings very narrow and nearly straight but slightly widening 
distad, their marginal cilia long, the longest (at apex) about half the 
length of the longest of the fore wing, present farther proximad along 
the caudal margin of the blade; the blade of the posterior wing bearing 
along the distal half or less, at each margin, a single line of discal 
cilia, distinct but short ; no discal cilia in the midlongitudinal line of 
the posterior wing. All tarsal joints short, the proximal one longest, 
the tibial spurs single, minute, straight. Legs simple, slender, but of 
the usual length. 

Antennas 12-jointed, filiform as in male Alaptus; characterized by 
having the second funicle joint abruptly narrower and slightly shorter 
than the first, somewhat as the case with Alaptus iceryae Riley but the 
joint is slenderer and longer than wide; scape and pedicel short, the 
latter widest of all segments ; funicle i shorter and much narrower 
than the pedicel ; 2 abruptly narrower and slightly shorter than I, a 
half shorter than 3 which is also distinctly broader; 4 and 5 subequal, 
each a fourth shorter than 3, each longer than I ; 6, 7, 8 and 9 subequal, 
each slightly longer than the one preceding, 6 subequal to 3, 9 longest 
of the flagellum. Joint TO or the club conical, subequal to 4. All 
flagellar segments distinctly longer than wide. Pubescence sparse and 
minute. (From i specimen, 2-3 inch objective, i-inch optic, Bausch 
and Lomb.) 

Female, Unknown. 

Described from a single male specimen on a slide in balsam 
received for identification from Dr. C. Gordon Hewitt, Do- 
minion Entomologist, Ottawa, Canada, the slide being- labelled 

Vol. xxii] 



"Ex. Spruce budworm material, Maniwaki, P. Q., 27 VI. 'n 
Division of Entomology." The supposed host is Tortrix fumi- 
fcrana Clemens, but of course the record is doubtful ; I would 
suggest, instead, a psocid egg or a coccid pupa present in the 
host material. 

Habitat. Canada Quebec (Maniwaki), G. E. Sanders. 

Host. Unknown. 

Type. Cat. No. 14,184, United States National Museum. 
Washington, D. C., one male in balsam. 

Notes on Two Tipulidae (Dipt.). 

The following species were taken in Fulton County, New 
York, during 1909 and 1910. The first species is a novelty 
and cannot be referred to any of the known genera of crane 
flies. After a careful examination of the literature, I have de- 
cided to erect the following genus : 

SACANDAGA gen. nov. 

Subcosta, long ; vein R 2 very short, oblique ; no radial cross- 
vein; Mi +2 fused to margin. Antennae of 16 segments; 
basal segment rather globular ; second globular, cyathiform ; 

Fig. i. Sacandaga flava dorsal aspect of head ; Cotype No. 2. 

first segment of the flagellum globular ; second to ninth gradu- 
ally cylindrical ; tenth to fourteenth, elongate-cylindrical ; all 


of the segments of the flagellum armed with from two to 
four stiff hairs. Palpus of four segments; fourth segment ir- 
regularly cylindrical, longer than the third ; second about as 
long as the fourth ; first longest ; all armed with many stiff 
hairs. Eyes large, rather approximated behind. Legs rather 
short, fore legs about 13.5 mm. long; middle, 10.5 mm. long; 
hind, 13.5 mm. long. Last four tarsal segments very slender 
at their point of attachment with the segment preceding. The 
last tarsal joint is small, irregular in shape, rather smooth on 
the outer face; inner face, concave, with slight convexities at 
each end, the proximal with from six to eight hairs, the distal 
one with a single conspicuous bristle on each side, the whole 
inner face being rather finely clothed with hair; at the base of 
the segment on the outer face, are about four stiff hairs. 
Penultimate segment generally similar to the fifth in shape and 

Fig. 2. Sacandaga fla-ua middle leg, showing last two tarsal segments. 

size, but more thickly covered with stout hairs. Claws long, 
slender, smooth, those of the posterior legs nearly two-thirds 
as long as the fifth tarsal segment. 

This genus belongs to the tribe Polymedini (Eriopterini 
of authors.) It is most similar in venation to Hmpeda and 
Goniomyia, which it approaches in the shape of cell R 2 . It is 
easily distinguished by the much greater length of subcosta, 
lack of radial cross-vein, the deflection of Cu 1 fusing with M s 


under cell first M 2 (discal cell of Osten Sacken), not proxi- 
mal to it, and the consequent insignificant fusion of Cu 1 
with M 3 . The resemblance to these two genera is probably 
merely accidental, as, in general appearance, the flies are very 

The type, and only known species, is : 

Sacandaga flava sp. nov. 

Type Alcoholic 9 , in C. U. collection ; Sport Is., Sacan- 
daga River, June 12, '09. Cotypes; (i) Sport Island, July 5, 
'09 (collection Bost. Soc. Nat. Hist.). (2}, $ ; June 27, '10; 
same locality. (3), $ ; June 12, '09; same locality. (4), 
Gloversville, N. Y., July 3, '09. 

Length 5 mm. ; wing, from 6 to 7 mm. See table of leg measure- 
ments at the end of description. 

Antennae blackish-brown ; first segment, head and palpi, reddish- 
brown ; eyes black. 

Thoracic dorsum with a broad median stripe of reddish-brown on 
a more yellowish ground, beginning on the anterior margin of the 
praescutum, terminating within a short distance of the posterior 
margin. To the side of this, and more or less distinctly separated 
from it, is a broad stripe, beginning near the caudal end of the 
scutum and extending forwards on the side of the praescutum to 
near the middle of the latter. A narrow brown stripe extends from 
the anterior margin of the prsescutum to the cephalic margin of the 
neck. Sides of the neck and thorax, honey-yellow, becoming infus- 
cated toward the venter. Legs dusky yellow; halteres light yellow 
throughout. Abdomen dirty yellowish. Wings hyaline, opalescent; 
stigma somewhat distinct. 

Details of venation of the species : Subcosta long, Sci at least 
five times the length of Sc2. Radius quite long, parallel to subcosta 
till the latter ends, and then parallel to costa for a short distance, 
at its tip sharply turned upward. The radial sector arises near the 
middle of R. R2 is very short, oblique, shorter than the cross-vein 
r-m and only one quarter the length of Ri,. R$ a trifle longer than 
R2+3. Basal deflection of 7?4+S as long as Rz; beyond the r-m cross- 
vein, the vein runs nearly parallel between R2+3 and Mi+2. 

Media: basal deflection of Mi+2 about one-half the length of R2\ 
thence, to the m cross-vein, twice the length of R2. Basal deflection 
of MS equals R2. Fused portion of M3+ Cui equal to one and one- 
half R2. Second deflection of A/3, two-thirds the length of R2. 



[Oct., 1911 

Cubitus: Basal deflection of Cm (great cross-vein of Osten Sack- 
en) two-thirds the length of Cn2 or one and one-half R2. 

1st Anal, nearly parallel to cubitus, more divergent toward the 
wing-margin. 2nd Anal, gently bisinuate and diverging posteriorly, 
leaving cell ist A very large. 

Fig. 3. Sacandaga flava wing; Cotype No. 5. 

Cell R2 is triangular, small; cell ist M2 (discal cell of Osten 
Sacken) hexagonal, small. The proportions of the veins holds good 
in the specimens examined but may vary somewhat in a large series. 

Leg measurements of cotype No. 2 ( $ ) : 




Tarsus i 

3.6 mm. 
4.8 " 
3-3 " 

3.6 mm. 

3-7 " 

2.0 " 

4.9 mm. 

4-5 " 
2-35 " 

" 2 

I.O " 

75 " 

.90 " 


-3 " 

.28 " 

35 " 


.14 " 

.14 " 

.14 " 

" . 5 

n " 

13 " 

.13 " 


13.27 mm. 

10.60 mm. 

13.27 mm. 

More complete notes on the habits and occurrence will be given in 
"Fulton Co. (New York) Tipulidse; Pt. II." 

Adelphomyia senilis. 

A second species which deserves mention is a little crane-fly 
of the tribe Limnophilini. It belongs to the genus Adel- 
phomyia, hitherto known only from the Old World, and is un- 
doubtedly the same as the common European, A. senilis Hali- 
day. The specimens at hand, over a hundred in number, agree 


so closely with Loew's detailed description (as Cladura fnscula, 
Beschr. Europ. Dipt. Ill, p. 65), that it must be referred to 
senilis until a comparison with European specimens proves it 

The fly is very common in Fulton County, New York, in 
late summer and early autumn, and with the exception of the 
all-predominant Cladura flavofermginea O. S., is the most 
common Amphinomine (Limnobine] at this season. 

The venation, as shown by figure 4, is, in general, similar 
to a Phylidorca (Limnophila), but Sc l is longer than in any 
of the species of this genus in Eastern America, at least. All of 
the distal cells possess long prominent hairs on the membrane. 
These hairs occur all over cells 2nd R 1 , R 2 , R s , R 5 , M\ M 2 , 

Fig 4. Adelpkomyia senilis wing. 

Af 3 , CM 1 , a few in cell 2nd M 2 (discal cell of authors), and 
a few on the extreme distal edge of cells Cu, R and Sc l . There 
is never any of this hairiness on the proximal half of the wing 
as in Ulomorpha and the character of the hair is different in 
the two genera. 

Adelphomyia senilis might be mistaken for a small Phyli- 
dorea, but it is smaller than any of the described Eastern spe- 
cies. From Ulomorpha, it readily separates by its smaller size, 
presence of cell M 1 and characters mentioned above. 

In Fulton County, New York, the species is well distributed, 
as follows : 

(1) Woodworth's Lake; alt. 1665 ft.; Aug. 21, 22, '09; Aug. 
22, 1910. 

(2) Sport Is. ; Sacandaga R. ; alt. 750 ft. ; one only, Aug. 24, 


(3) Johnstown; alt. 600 ft.; Aug. 3i-Sept. 22, 1910. 

(4) Gloversville ; alt. IOGO ft.; Sept. 23, 1910. 

Mr. M. D. Leonard, a most careful student of the family, 
took two specimens at Ridgewood, Bergen Co., N. J. (Brook, 
Ridgewood Heights, Sept. 16, 1910), thereby adding an inter- 
esting species to the New Jersey State list. 

Besides receiving help from a number of students at Cornell, 
I wish, especially, to thank Dr. J. G. Needham for his very 
kind assistance throughout the course of this study. 

Two Rare Species of Coleoptera. 

BY HENRY SKINNER, M.D., Sc.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

It seems of interest at this time to put on record in more 
concrete form a short history of this interesting beetle. It was 
described under the name of Lucanus brevis by Thomas Say 
in the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila- 
delphia, Volume V, pt. I, p. 202, 1825. No locality was men- 
tioned other than the United States. The next mention of the 
species is probably by J. H. B. Bland, Proceedings of the En- 
tomological Society of Philadelphia, I, 263, 1862. He gives a 
brief account of the records of the species and a figure. 
Three specimens are mentioned as having been found within a 
few miles of each other in the months of July and August. 
The specimen figured, a male, was taken alive near Wey- 
mouth, New Jersey. This specimen is in the collection of the 
American Entomological Society. "Of the other two, one a 
female, is in the collection of Dr. Leconte [now Museum of 
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts], the other, 
a male, is in Mr. Eland's collection, both being more or less im- 
perfect." The specimen mentioned as being in Mr. Eland's 
collection passed into the hands of the late Charles Wilt and 
is now in the collection of the American Entomological So- 
ciety. Mr. Bland stated that the species had been lost from 
our fauna since 1831. All the specimens were collected by G. 


W. Quinn, two of them being found dead, lying in the open 
road. These two were found in the vicinity of Da Costa, At- 
lantic County, New Jersey. 

It is not my purpose to say anything about the generic posi- 
tion or the specific value of this beetle; this has been done, 
however, by Dr. George H. Horn, in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS, 
3, 73, 1892, under the title Dor ens parellus Say. I made the 
photograph for Dr. Horn and superintended the printing of 
the illustration accompanying his article. It is somewhat 
doubtful whether Dr. Horn's views will be acceded to by the 
Coleopterists of to-day. The annual report of the New Jersey 
State Museum, including a Report of the Insects of New Jer- 
sey for 1909, page 311, credits the species to Da Costa (Say) 
and Weymouth (Daecke). The locality whence Say received 
the species appears to be unknown and Daecke has never 
taken the species. Da Costa and vicinity have been the 
stamping ground of the Philadelphia entomologists for over 
half a century and none of them ever found a specimen of 
Dorcns brevis, with the exception of those above mentioned 
taken by G. W. Quinn, who lived at Da Costa. The locality 
where brevis was taken is a very wild one and is a good sec- 
ond in midsummer to the desert of Sahara. It has changed 
considerably since the early days. This part of Jersey is cov- 
ered with scrub pine and oak, but the axe of the woodsman 
and forest fires have greatly changed things. Many of 
the old sand roads through the woods have been surfaced with 
gravel. Weymouth is about six miles southwest of Da Costa. 
I have collected at Da Costa on hot days and found it about as 
trying a place as I have ever been in. The lack of water and 
the heat reflected from the sand make a combination that only 
the enthusiastic entomological collector can stand. 

The way to get brevis would be to spend a couple of months 
at Da Costa (July and August) and make a regular campaign 
for the insect. My interest in the species was brought about 
by a conversation with Mr. Henry \Y '. Wenzel, who has known 
the locality for years and often collected there. He is also fa- 
miliar with the early history of the species. The Bland famiK- 


lived in Da Costa at one time and G. W. Quinn was a b'rother- 
in-law of Bland and also lived there. If there are additional 
specimens (other than the three mentioned) it would be of in- 
terest to have them placed on record. 


This beautiful species was described by Dr. G. H. Horn in 
the Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 12, 
124, 1885, and he speaks of it as follows: 

"Two specimens from the Rio Grande, Texas, collected by 
my friend, Dr. H. C. Wood, to whom I have great pleasure in 
dedicating the species. I have seen another specimen in the 
Museum of the Jardin des Plantes at Paris." 

When I described Plusiotis beyeri in ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS 
16, 289, 1905. 1 endeavored to find out the exact place where 
ivoodii was taken and wrote to Dr. Wood in regard to the mat- 
ter. He said he believed the two specimens (male and female 
types) were taken either at El P'aso or in the valley of the Tor- 
nillo Creek which runs into the "great bend" of the Rio 
Grande, Texas. Mr. H. W. Wenzel predicted that the home 
of woodii would be found to be somewhere in the mountains 
of southern Texas, and such proves to be the case. A number 
of specimens in beautiful condition have been obtained by the 
Wenzel-Green expedition to the Great Bend of the Rio 
Grande. These specimens were taken July roth, 1911, on Davis 
Mountain, 5200 ft. altitude in Jeff Davis County, Texas. They 
were beaten from walnut trees. The specimens agree perfectly 
with the types in the Horn collection and show no variability 
and are very distinct from the other species in the genus. The 
expedition members are Mr. H. A. Wenzel, of Philadelphia, 
and Mr. J. W. Green, of Easton, Pennsylvania. 

It is extremely interesting to have Plusiotis woodii refound 
after a period of twenty-six years. The collectors deserve 
great credit for their enterprise and they will doubtless find 
many other species of interest in this unexplored region. In 
addition to woodii they found P. gloriosa, which greatly ex- 
tends the range of the latter species. 


Four specimens of woodii were also taken in Moss Canyon 
in the Chisos Mountains. P. gloriosa was also found in these 

Plusiotis beyeri has been found by Prof. H. A. Pilsbury at 
Agua Caliente, Santa Rita Mountains, Arizona (7000 ft.), and 
by J. R. Haskin, near Cananea, Sonora, Mexico (5000 ft.) 

Description of a New Dryophanta (Hymen.). 

American Museum of Natural History, New York City. 

Dryophanta pulchella sp. nov. 

Female. Head rufous or pitchy brown, finely punctate, median 
ridge rather broad. Antennae 14-jointed, dark brown, first and sec- 
ond joints yellowish brown. Thorax dark reddish brown or black, 
smooth and shining. Parapsidal grooves sharply defined with the 
margins rounded ; they are widely separated anteriorly and very 
close together at the scutelluna. Median groove broad anteriorly 
and gradually becoming narrower and very fine at the scutellum. 
Anterior parallel lines and lateral grooves wanting. Pleurae punc- 
tate with a large, smooth, glossy area. Scutellum dark rufous or 
black, rugose, with two large depressions or fovese at the base, separat- 
ed by a fine carina. Abdomen rufous, smooth and shining. Legs rufous. 
Wing long, hyaline with a number of large brown clouds and patches 
of different sizes. Veins heavy, brown and infuscated. Areolot small, 
Cubitus continuous to the first cross-vein. Radial area open, radial 
vein curved and running outwardly for a short distance below the 
costal margin. Length, 3 3.50 mm. 

Habitat: Catalina Island, California, (C. F. Baker) ; Hood 
River, Oregon. June 2Oth. 

In the specimen from Oregon the thorax is black, other- 
wise it does not differ from the form with the red thorax. 
It is a beautiful species and may be readily known by the 
large spots and cloud on the fore wings. The male and gall 
are unknown. 

LIEUT. COL. WIRT ROBINSON, Coast Artillery, has been nominated 
by the President of the U. S. to be Professor of Chemistry at West 
Point, to take effect on October 3rd. Colonel Robinson is interested 
in Ornithology and Entomology. He was the discoverer of the 
home of Papilo homerns in the Cuna Cuna Pass in the Blue Moun- 
tains of Jamaica. His interesting article on his experiences in search 
of this large and rare species was published in the NEWS. 


A New Polynema from Mexico (Hymen.). 
By A. A. GIRAULT, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 

The following species was found in a collection of Signi- 
phorinae loaned to me for study by Dr. L. O. Howard. It 
was at first identified as Polynema howardii (Ashmead) but 
a comparison with the type of the latter shows such differ- 
ences that the two cannot very well be the same. 

Polynema aspidioti sp. n. 

Normal position. Male. Length, 0.65 mm. Moderate in size for 
the genus. 

Similar to howardii but differing in the following details : 

The fore wings differ somewhat in shape but more specifically 
in having shorter marginal cilia at the wing apex and along the 
cephalic wing margin ; in howardii the apical margin cilia and those 
along the cephalic margin are twice longer than with this species, 
nearly as long as half the greatest wing width; in aspidioti, however, 
they are only about a fourth the greatest wing width ; the fore 
wing is shaped still more like that characteristic of Stethynium 
Knock. The species differ in coloration : in howardii all of the 
legs are black or nearly so, but in aspidioti the first two pairs of legs 
are pallid yellowish, only slightly dusky in places, the distal tarsal 
joints blackish, while, excepting the trochanters, all of the posterior 
legs are blackish; in howardii only the proximal three tarsal joints 
of all of the legs are yellowish ; in aspidioti all of the tarsal joints 
of the caudal legs are black. Otherwise the two species are identical. 
The line of fovese across the scutellum is present here ; the 
parapsidal furrows are complete ; all of the antenna concolorous 
with the body; petiole of abdomen yellowish; joints of flagellum 
short, slightly more than twice longer than wide. 

From one specimen, 2-3 inch objective, i inch optic, Bausch and 

Female. Unknown. 

A species characterized by the shape of the fore wing and 
the arrangement of its marginal cilia. 

Described from a single male specimen mounted on a slide 
with a species of Signiphora and labelled "1734. Aspidiotus 
carinatus. On Lime, Cuautla, Morelos, Mex., July 2, '97. 
Koebele." The host may be the Aspidiotus or else some Jassid 


Habitat: North America Mexico (Morelos). 

Type : Type No. 14,027, United States National Museum, 

Washington, D. C., one female in balsam. 


Early Stages of Lycaena lygdamus Doubleday (Lepid.). 
By H. M. BOWER, Chicago. 

(Plate XII.) 

On May I4th while collecting at Palos Park, a small town 
about twenty miles southwest of Chicago, it was my good for- 
tune to observe a female lygdamus ovipositing on Lathyrus 
ochroleucus Hook, and L. caroliniana Walt, which grew abun- 
dantly on a particular knoll in that vicinity. Upon further 
search many eggs were found and a few larvae. 

The eggs in most cases, were laid on the outside of the ten- 
der leaf buds, though one was occasionally found on the under 
side of the older leaves. Upon hatching the young larvae ate 
small holes in the tender leaves and leaf buds. In the former 
case they would sometimes bore through the leaf and remain 
within the cylinder of the curled leaf. The buds were sim- 
ply bored into until the third or fourth segment was out of 
sight when the hole was abandoned and another started. 
These tender leaves and the leaf buds were preferred through- 
out the life of the larvae. 

Having occasion to visit this place later for food, I found 
a number of the more mature larvae. These were in almost 
every case attended by several ants which made the search 
rather easy as the ants invariably led to the discovery of a 

Several cases of cannibalism were observed in raising the 
larvae. Though supplied with abundant food some larvae 
partially consumed others which were moulting. 

Before entering into the detailed description I wish to ex- 
press my appreciation of the kindness of Mr. W. J. Gerhard, 
of the Field Museum who, among other things, took me to 
the haunts of lygdamns, which appears to be quite local. 

Egg. Length .70 mm. ; height, .30 mm. Turban-shaped with 
micropyle slightly depressed. Color, when fresh, pale green, turn- 
ing dull white before hatching. There is a raised white network 
forming polygonal cells. At the angle of each cell there is a rounded 
protuberance. The latter are largest at the edge of the egg and 
yrow smaller at the base and around the micropyle. The cells formed 


by the network are of various shapes, triangles predominate though 
crude squares and diamonds are present especially around the 
micropyle. Incubation period 3^ to 4 days. The larvae emerged 
by eating the shell at the top but in no case more than sufficient to 
get out. 

Young larva. Length, i mm. ; slug-shaped. Color, light brown. 
Head, black. Feet, dark brown. There is a row of small tubercles 
on each side of the dorsal line, one on each segment, which bears a 
long hair, brown at the base but growing lighter at the tip, and point- 
ing slightly backward on segments 2 to n inclusive, forward on the 
first segment. A little below and posterior to this row, each of seg- 
ments I to 9 bears another hair which, with the exception of those 
on segments I and 2, bends abruptly backward and is shorter than 
the first described hair. On segments i and 2 they are of about 
equal length and point forward, especially on the first segment. The 
lateral line, marked by minute hairs at the forward edge of each 
segment is present on segments 2 to 10 inclusive. 

The substigmatal line is light brown, raised and has three dark 
tubercles on each segment, the middle one being lower down in the 
line than that on either side. Each bears one hair, the middle one 
being the longest. 

The cervical shield is dotted with black. Prolegs light brown, 
each bearing one small hair. The last segment has a number of 
small hairs around the edge. Spiracles, dark brown. 

Each segment is slightly depressed vertically in the center and has 
several minute dots ; one slightly below, and one on, the lateral line, 
and two others, one above the other toward the dorsum. 

As the larva grows older, the color becomes light green, dorsal 
line dark green, with a light line on either side. Substigmatal line, 
light green. Head toward the end of this stage is hidden by the 
first segment which is carried horizontally. 

Time between hatching and the first moult 4 days. 

After first moult. Length 3 mm. Feet and head black. Body 
pale green. The first segment is carried horizontally and is covered 
with small colorless hairs pointing forward. Segments 2 to 9 and 
segment 1 1 bear each one long hair pointing backward, and set in 
a small light green tubercle on each side of the dorsal line. There 
are also numerous smaller hairs scattered over the dorsum. In the 
middle of the loth segment there is a gland opening at right angles 
to the dorsal line. It is the secretion of this gland that is attrac- 
tive to the ants. The last segment is edged with short hairs. 

The raised substigmatal line is yellow-green and is fringed with 
small colorless hairs, the three of the preceding stage being promi- 
nent. Sutures, dark green. 


Plate XII. 




The cervical shield, in the shape of a curved triangle with the 
base forward, is light green spotted with black. 

Spiracles dark brown. 

The dorsal line is dark green edged on each side with yellow green, 
the edging being most prominent in the middle of each segment. 
Starting from the light edging of the dorsal line a yellow line runs 
obliquely from the front of each segment and is continued on the 
succeeding segment as a broken sublateral line. On the first two 
segments this line is fainter, appearing as a sublateral line only. In 
some specimens these obliques were not evident until later in this 

The middle of the first ten segments is slightly depressed. The 
body is covered with small hairs. Venter green. 

Some larvae are green overshot with brown. Dorsal line deep 
claret. Style of markings the same. 

Time in this stage 5 days. 

After second moult. Length, 4 mm. Color, yellow green. Legs 
and head black. Dorsal line, dark green, widest on the second seg- 
ment and gradually growing narrower, edged on each side with yellow 
green. Substigmatal line raised, yellow, and fringed with hairs as 
before. Cervical shield, pale brown edged with dark green and 
spotted with black. First segment covered with short, white hairs. 
Segment 2 bears two long hairs on each side of the dorsal line. 
Segments 3 to 9 inclusive bear each one long hair on each side of 
the dorsal line, set in a colorless tubercle. The nth segment bears 
one long hair on the dorsal line. 

The oblique lines are definite yellowish stripes starting with the 
light edging of the dorsal line at the anterior part of one segment, 
cross the segment and appear on the succeeding segment. They are 
broadly edged below with dark green. These obliques are faint on 
segment 3 and appear on the second segment as a sublateral line only, 
edged above and below with dark green. Segments 10 and n are 
marked by a continuation of the obliques of segment 9. 

The tenth segment has the gland as in the preceding stage and 
on the nth segment below and behind both spiracles are eversible 
organs. When retracted they leave small, oval, light colored patches; 
everted they are white columns crowned with movable straight pro- 

Duration of this stage 4 days. 

After third moult. Length, about 8 mm. Color, clear green. 
Markings as in the preceding stage but much more pronounced, 
especially the dorsal oblique with its wide dark green edging below. 
Substigmatal line the most conspicuous mark, cream colored, e<h' ! 
above and below in the middle of each segment with dark ^ 


Cervical shield pale brown with black spots, edged on the sides 
with a continuation of the dark upper edging of the sublateral line. 
Principal hairs located as in the previous stage Gland and eversible 
organs as before. 

Duration of this stage 4 days. 

After fourth moult. Length of mature larva, 14 mm. Greatest 
width (gth and loth segments) 4 mm. Greatest height (3rd to 5th 
segments) 3.50 mm. Slug-shaped. Color, light green. Head and 
feet black. Body granulated with white points. Cervical shield light 
brown spotted with minute short black spines terminating in a 
star-shaped process. Dorsal line dark green, interrupted by the cer- 
vical shield but appearing on the first segment, which is carried 

The dorsal line is edged on each side with light yellow green. 
There is a short hair on segments 2 to 9 inclusive on each side of 
the dorsal line toward the rear of each segment. Segment 10 has 
one hair on the dorsal line behind the gland. Segment 2 also has 
one on each side of the dorsal line on the anterior part of the seg- 
ment. Segment i has many hairs indiscriminately placed. 

The oblique markings are as in the previous stage and very promin- 
ent. Substigmatal line as before, edged with hairs of even length 
as is also the case in the preceding stage. 

Subventral line a trace,- light yellow green bearing short hairs. 
Spiracles round, clear, surrounded with minute erect brown hairs. 
Venter, clear green. Prolegs green. 

Segment 10 bears the oval sac as before. The eversible organs 
present on the nth segment. 

As the time for pupation draws near the larvae turn blue green. 

The above is a description of the average larva. In some cases 
the dorsal line is dark brown, in others deep wine-colored. In one 
instance the color of the dorsal line was suffused over the top of the 
second and third segments giving them a rose color. The type of 
the markings is, however, constant. 

Time in this stage 5 to 6 days. 

The larvae in almost every instance pupated in the bottom of the 
receptacle suspending themselves under leaves by a short girdle 
passing between segments 4 and 5. 

Average time of suspension 2 days. 

Time from laying of egg to pupa 26 days. 

Pupa. Length, 9 mm. ; width, 4 mm. Of the usual Lycaenid shape. 
Suspended by a short girdle. The color varies from black with no 
markings to brown with dark dorsal line and light brown patches 
on the dorsum. In the light forms the wing-covers are greenish 
brown with the veins showing in green. The whole surface is heavily 


reticulated, giving it a rough appearance under the lens. The spir- 
acles are dull red. Minute setae present on the hind abdominal 
segments in the vicinity of the spiracles. 

Fig. I. Egg. 

Fig. II. Showing pattern of network surrounding the egg. 
Fig. III. Young larva just emerged. 
Fig. IV. Mature larva. 

Fig. V. Last three segments showing position of gland and eversible 

Fig. VI. Eversible organ distended. 
Fig. VII. Dorsal view of pupa. 
Fig. VIII. Lateral view of pupa. 
Fig. IX. Ventral view of pupa. 

Critical Notes on Some Species of Mymaridae 


BY A. A. GIRAULT, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 

Genus Litus Haliday. 
1. Litus cynipseus Haliday. 

It will be of interest to compare this European species with 
another species, described from Ceylon, namely, Litus cnocki 
Howard. I have the type of the latter and of the former, a fe- 
male specimen sent to the U. S. by Mr. Frederick Enock, of 
London, and determined by an English authority (see beyond). 
The slide containing it was labelled "Fredc. Enock, Preparer. 
Order Hymenoptera. Family Mymaridae. Genus Litus. Spe- 
cies cynipseus 9 . The Fairy Fly. Spot lens, 2-inch to i-inch." 
The two species differ as follows: The European species is 
thrice the size of the species from Ceylon but nearly of the same 
color, a very intense, dark brown ; however, all of the antenna? 
and the femora are concolorous, not lighter as in enocki. The 
antennae differ in that the proximal funicle joint in cynifiscu* 
is distinctly much shorter than funicle joint 2, not much longer 
than wide; the two joints are slender and sub-equal in cnocki; 


also in the European species the fourth funicle joint is shorter 
and thicker than in enocki and the antennal club much stouter, 
comparatively enormous. The fore wings differ very much in 
shape, having a pronounced curve in enocki but nearly straight 
in cynipseus and more slender. The caudal wings are more 
similar but they are dusky and spotted with white in cynipseus 
and appear to lack the line of discal cilia along one margin, 
bearing only the midlongitudinal line of discal cilia. Also in 
cynipseus the tarsal joints are longer. Another difference is 
that the scape of the European species along each margin is 
serrated, each serration giving origin to a seta ; this is espe- 
cially true of the outer margin but probably the whole surface 
of the scape is roughened, seen thus only in outline at the mar- 
gins. In cynipseus, the strigil is strong. The two species 
agree, or nearly, in other points but enough has been said to 
show that they are very distinct from each other. 


Genus Anaphes Haliday. 
1. Anaphes punctum (Shaw) Haliday. 

I have as a loan a single female specimen of a mymarid 
which has been identified by an English entomologist (E. A. 
Fitch See Enock, Trans. Ent. Soc., of London, 1909, p. 450), 
as the above species and transmitted to Dr. L. O. Howard, by 
Mr. Fred. Enock, of London. It will be of value to point out 
how this species differs from the American species so far 
known and described. It is most closely related to hercules 
Girault but is brown instead of black and differs structurally 
from that species in having both wings somewhat broader and 
the proximal tarsal joints of the intermediate legs distinctly 
longer. Otherwise, they are very much alike. However, both 
appear to be good species. The British species does not re- 
semble closely any of the other American forms of the genus 
with the possible exception of pratensis Foerster which, as I 
have published elsewhere, is a member of our fauna, providing 
my identification be correct. The species punctum differs from 
pratensis in being different in color, brown instead of black and 
structurally in possessing differently shaped antennae; thus, in 


pratensis the antennal club is short and stout, only twice longer 
than broad, thrice longer than broad in the other species and in 
pratensis also, the second funicle joint is distinctly a third long- 
er and much narrower than funicle joint 6, only a fourth long- 
er and but slightly narrower in punctual. (The specimen of 
pratensis was captured in Illinois and compared with specimens 
in the United States National Museum labelled, "Anaphes pra- 
tensis Forst., France." I have written of them elsewhere). 

Genus Polynema Haliday. 
1. Polynema euchariforme Haliday. 

A female of this species, loaned to me by Dr. L. O. Howard 
and also identified by the English gentleman mentioned above 
and received in the U. S. through the kindness of Mr. Fred. 
Knock, should also receive some attention in this connection. 
As represented here, the species is different from any American 
form so far known to me, but is much like both consobrinus 
Girault and striaticorne Girault in the shape and ciliation of the 
fore wing. However, it differs from the former in that the 
fore wings are noticeably less clavate and consequently some- 
what narrower ; the antennae differ but not very much, in 
euchariforme the funicle joints all slightly shorter; other dif- 
ferences are the shorter posterior femora and abdominal petiole 
and the uniformly pallid yellowish legs in the British species. 
The difference from striaticorne is more pronounced the 
much less robust body, shorter leg and antennal segments 
specifically, in euchariforme the third funicle joint is only about 
half the length of the second, in striaticorne three- fourths the 
length of the second and nearly twice longer of itself than that 
of the British species narrower wings and differently colored 
legs. The fore wings in euchariforme bear about ten longitudi- 
nal lines of discal cilia at their widest blade portion and their 
longest marginal cilia are nearly as long as the greatest width 
of those wings. The club and funicle of antennae and the dis- 
tal tarsal joints are concolorous with the brownish black of the 

At this same time it is desirable to compare this British spe- 
cies with several other European forms which I happen to 


have with me. These two are Polyncma flavipes Walker and 
P. fumipennc Walker ; the specimens of the former are from 
the collections of the United States National Museum and of 
the latter (two specimens) from Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, some- 
time of the British Museum. The specimens of fumipcnne 
(identified by Mr. Waterhouse, perhaps in association with Mr. 
Enock) I have described elsewhere; it differs very pronounc- 
edly from euchariforme ; the fore wings are very much broad- 
er, their discal ciliation very much coarser, the body and ap- 
pendages much longer and slenderer, the legs more intensely 
colored (orange) and thus the two species should never be con- 
fused. The species flavipes differs nearly as much, but the dis- 
cal ciliation of the fore wings in this species is moderately fine, 
not coarse ; the coloration is somewhat as in fumipcnne. L 

Thus, here are three distinct British species of the genus 
which differ from any American form known to me and I de- 
scribe a fourth below. 

The following specimens : Polynema euchariforme Haliday 

a single female on a slide loaned by Dr. L. O. Howard and 

labelled "Fredc. Enock, preparer. Order Hymenoptera. Fam- 

iiy Mymaridas. Genus Cosmocoma. Species euchariformis 9. 

The Large Fairy Fly. Spot lens, 2-inch to y 2 -mch." 

Polynema flavipes Walker A pair found mounted on tags 
in the United States National Museum collection, now re- 
mounted in xylol-balsam and labelled "Polynema flavipes, 
Walker, 9 $ Am. Ent. Soc. To be returned." 

Polynema fumipcnne Walker Two females kindly sent to 
me by Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, now mounted in xylol-balsam 
and labelled, ''Cosmocoma fumipcnnis Walker. Eng. Richmond, 
24.9.09. C. Waterhouse, Whitehouse Plantations." 

2. Polynema brittanum new species. 
Normal position. 

Male. Length, 0.80 mm. Moderate to moderately small for the 
genus. About the same size as euchariforme with which it was con- 

General color brownish black or black suffused with some brown, 
including venation, antennae, intermediate and posterior femora and 
tibiae and distal tarsal joints. Pedicel of antenna suffused with yel- 
lowish. Trochanters, knees, tips of tibia?, proximal three tarsal joints 
and cephalic legs yellowish, the tarsal joints paler. Wings hyaline. 


Falls in with the group of allied species containing conso- 
brinns Girault, aspidioti Girault, hoivardii Ashmead, striaticorne 
Girault and enchariforine Haliday, and most closely allied with 
consobrinus and striaticorne; it resembles both casually. How- 
ever, it differs from consobrinus in having the discal ciliation 
of the fore wing finer and more uniform, the wing somewhat 
wider (about 16 longitudinal lines of discal cilia across the wid- 
est part), its marginal cilia distinctly shorter (the longest about 
two-thirds the greatest wing width), especially noticeable 
along the cephalic margin of the blade ; the marginal cilia of 
the posterior wings are likewise shorter, about a half shorter ; 
the proximal tarsal joints are much longer and slender, those 
of the cephalic tarsi for example, being at least a third longer. 
The two species otherwise alike as far as could be seen. 

From striaticorne Girault, the species differs about as much 
as it does from consobrinus, in having the marginal cilia of the 
fore and posterior wings shorter but the fore wing is some- 
what narrower than in striaticorne; the legs are formed very 
much as in the latter but the intermediate and caudal femora 
are distinctly shorter; the joints of the flagellum are uniform- 
ly shorter than those of striaticorne, about a fourth or more 
shorter. Thus, brittanum is more nearly like the last named 
species, especially in tarsal segments, color and discal ciliation 
of the fore wings. 

From the species hozvardii Ashmead it may be distinguished 
much as striaticorne may be, namely by lacking the peculiar ar- 
rangement of the marginal cilia of the fore wing; also brit- 
tanum has finer discal ciliation in the fore wing which is also 
narrower and bears (as does also the caudal wing) much 
shorter marginal cilia. The caudal wing in brittanum is fu- 
mated distad as it is slightly with howardii. 

From the species aspidioti Girault, brittanum differs again 
in lacking the peculiar arrangement of the marginal cilia of 
the fore wings and in bearing distinctly shorter marginal cilia 
on that wing ; again, in having the wing differently shaped ; 
around the apex of the fore wing in aspidioti the marginal ciliri 
shorten just at the apex ; in brittanum no shortening occurs but 
a gradual lengthening from the cephalic wing margin ; brit- 
tanum differs from aspidioti in the color of the legs, all tarsi 


being pallid yellowish to the distal joint as in the cephalic and 
intermediate legs of aspidioti, but all of the caudal tarsus in 
the latter species is brown black. The antennal joints are 
slightly longer in brittanum. 

From euchariforme Haliday, with which this species was 
confused as shown below, brittanum differs in bearing dis- 
tinctly broader fore wings which bear distinctly shorter mar- 
ginal cilia along the cephalic wing margin and in having dark- 
er legs. Its wings (speaking of brittanum} are moderately 

(From one specimen, two-thirds-inch objective, one-inch op- 
tic, Bausch and Lomb). 

Female. Unknown. 

Described from a single male specimen loaned to me for 
study by Dr. L. O. Howard, and being another one of the 
series of English species sent to the U. S. by Mr. Fred. 
Enock, of London. The slide bearing it was labelled, "Fredc. 
Knock, preparer. Order Hymenoptera. Family Mymaridse. 
Genus Cosmocoma. Species euchariformis $ . The Large 
Fairy Fly. Spot lens, 2-inch to ^2 -inch." Thus, the species 
was taken for the male of euchariforme Haliday. 

Habitat. England ( PLondon or vicinity). 

Type. Catalogue No. 14,207, United States National Mu- 
seum, Washington. D. C., one male in balsam. 

I have pointed out in this brief paper the characteristics of 
some of the European forms of the family Mymaridre, evidently 
some of the more common and abundant of the species occur- 
ring in England. They have all proved to be distinct from our 
more common American species. Anaphes pratensis Foerster, 
however, occurs in this country as noted above and elsewhere : 
I have no knowledge concerning whether or not it may have 
been introduced or whether it may not have originated here. 
As concerns the identification of these species I am not alto- 
gether satisfied, since the European Mymaridae are now in a 
state of much confusion due to their long neglect and also be- 
cause in most cases the authority for identifications is not defi- 
nitely stated. 


[The Conductors of ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS solicit and will thank- 
fully receive items of news likely to interest its readers from any source. 
The author's name will be given in each case, for the information of 
cataloguers and bibliographers.] 

TO CONTRIBUTORS. All contributions will be considered and passed 
upon at our earliest convenience, and, as far as may be, will be published 
according to date of reception. ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS has reached 
a circulation, both in numbers and circumference, as to make it neces- 
sary to put "copy" into the hands of the printer, for each number, four 
weeks before date of issue. This should be remembered in sending special 
or important matter for a certain issue. Twenty-five "extras," without 
change in form and without covers, will be given free, when they are 
wanted; if more than twenty-five copies are desired, this should be stated 
on the MS. The receipt of all papers will be acknowledged. Proof will 
be sent to authors for correction only when specially requested. Ed. 


During the past twelve months three papers and doubtless 
others have appeared urging a reformation in the prepara- 
tion and manner of publication of scientific papers. 

One of these, "How to Prepare a Paper for Publication," 
read at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Wood's Hole, Mass., 
July 5, 1910, by C. Bowyer Vaux, of the Wistar Institute of 
Anatomy and Biology, Philadelphia, will be forwarded by the 
Waverly Press, Williams & Wilkins Co., Proprietors, Balti- 
more, Maryland, to anyone interested. This pamphlet of 
twenty pages describes the various technical processes involved 
in editing, making and printing both text and illustrations, and 
publishing, and offers many suggestions to authors, as well as 
to the others concerned. 

The other two prpers appeared in June, 1911, in Number 2. 
Volume IV, of the Annals of The Fntomological Society of 
America. Prof. T. D. A. Cockerell offers "Some Suggested 
Rules to Govern Entomological Publications," particularly in 
regard to descriptions of new species. Mr. R. A. Muttkow- 
ski's "The Composition of Taxonomic Papers" is longer ( it 
occupies 24 pages) and is directed especially at authors, al- 
though editors also are involved. It proposes standards for 
descriptions, colors, nomenclature, keys to genera and species, 
indices, titles and reprints. 



That reformation and standardization are highly desirable 
most will probably admit, even though we may not agree 
on all the details. The first step in the reform is to acquaint all 
concerned with the proposals which have been made and the 
NEWS can not urge too strongly the reading of these three 
articles. If each author will then take care to improve his 
own manuscripts as suggested, great progress will be made. 
The refusal by editors of manuscripts which do not conform 
to well-considered requirements may be a future movement in 
the same direction. 

Notes and. Ne\vs 


AN ENTOMOLOGICAL POST CARD. No. 403 of Raphael Tuck & Sons' 
Educational Series of Post Cards, entitled "Butterflies," contains five 
colored embossed pictures of East Indian butterflies with their tech- 
nical names, habitats and a brief nine-line statement in small type of 
the life history of Lepidoptera in general and the features distinguish- 
ing butterflies from moths. 

LEPIDOPTERA OF ST. Louis, Mo.., 1910. I think Strenoloma lunilinea 
ought to be added to the list of Heterocera unusually common in the 
vicinity of St. Louis, Mo., during 1910 (See the NEWS for July, 1911, 
page 323). During the latter part of summer this species was a 
veritable pest to the collector at sugar. EDWIN P. MEINERS, St. Louis, 

EREBUS ODORA in the United States. We have just captured here 
at Madison, Wisconsin, July 7th, 1911, following several days of ex- 
treme heat and south winds, an almost perfect specimen of the West 
Indian Erebus odora. J. G. SANDERS. 

On August 6, 1911, at Sachem Head, Connecticut, on Long Island 
'Sound, Mr. Richard Shryock brought to me a vigorous E. odora 
taken in a house there. P. P. CALVERT. , 

CABBAGE WHITE BUTTERFLIES. Would some entomologist state if 
he knows of any reference to the fact that the larvae of the Large 
Cabbage White seek to arrange themselves in pairs male and female 
when they pupate? 

Can the sexes be distinguished externally in the larval and in the 
pupal stages? E. W. READ, Sutherland Technical School, Golspie, 
England. (From Nature, for July 20, 1911.) 


CATOCALA DULCIALA, described by Grote, was collected by Dr. M. 
G. Conklin, of Dayton, Ohio, and not by me. G. R. PILATE, Loma 
Linda, California. 

IMPROVED METHODS OF PHOTOGRAPHING the tunnels of bark-beetles 
are suggested in a German translation from the Russian of P. Wino- 
gradoff, in Entomologische Blatter, VII, pp. 146-147, 1911. 

MR, ROBERT NEWSTEAD, lecturer in economic entomology and parasi- 
tology in the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine has been appoint- 
ed to the newly-established Dutton Memorial Chair of Entomology 
in the University of Liverpool. Science. 

BOOK-DESTROYING INSECTS. An exhibition of books collected from 
different parts of the world by William R. Reinick, of the Free 
Library of Philadelphia, showing the various ways in which they 
are destroyed by insect life, was held in the library of the University 
of Pennsylvania, Thirty-fourth and Locust streets, for two weeks 
commencing July 28, 1911. Mr. Reinick also delivered an illustrated 
lecture upon "Insects Destructive to Books" in the lecture hall of 
Houston Hall, of the same university, on July 28. 

HONORARY DEGREES conferred on Entomologists. On June 14, 1911, 
the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, conferred the degree 
of doctor of science on Dr. Henry Skinner, Editor Emeritus of the 
NEWS. A few days later, The George Washington University, of 
Washington, gave to Dr. L. O. Howard, Chief of the U. S. Bureau 
of Entomology, the honorary degree of doctor of medicine, for "dis- 
tinguished services to science in relation to preventive medicine." 

MYRIADS OF MOTHS. Kensington, (Philadelphia) was invaded last 
night (July 9, 1911) by myriads of a small species of moth or "mil- 
ler," which swarmed in the streets and stores so thickly that business 
and even traffic was for a time suspended. 

They flew so thickly in the streets that hundreds of pedestrians 
took refuge in the stores along Kensington and Frankford avenues 
and the streets running between them. They then began to fly into 
the stores, and at the lights, so that merchants had to close their 
doors and discontinue business while they secured brooms and swept 
out the dead ones. 

In many places the sidewalks were covered to the depth of an 
inch for a block or more, and by getting into the eyes, nostrils, ears 
and mouths of pedestrians the little "millers" almost completely 
stopped traffic. 

A Second and Ritner streets trolley car was completely held up. 
Without any notice a vast company of the "millers" swarmed through 
the open window on the front platform, blinding and choking the 
motorman, and doing the same for the passengers and conductor. 


The motorman, John Sirch, stopped his car until he and his conduc- 
tor, George Sands, and the passengers could rid themselves of vhe 

Friday night is the busiest time of the week for the Kensington 
merchants, and it is said that the enforced discontinuance of business 
for an hour or more last night means the loss of several thousands 
of dollars to the business men. , 

The great army of moths eventually destroyed itself by flying 
against the street lights and store windows and practically carpeted 
the entire section. Philadelphia Public Ledger, July 10, 1911. 

[Some of the moths were observed also at the Academy of Natural 
Sciences and were identified by Dr. Henry Skinner as Tortrix funii- 
ferana Clemens.] 

A HEMIPTEROUS FISHERMAN. The habits of the Belostomidae are 
known in a general way, but specific examples seem to be scarce in 
literature. Mr. J. R. Bueno (Journal of New York Entomological 
Society, XVIII, 143) cities Uhler (Standard, now Riverside, Natural 
History, II, 256), Howard (Insect Book, 278), and others (Proceed- 
ings Washington Entomological Society, III, 87) to the effect that 
the larger species of the family feed upon small aquatic animals, even 
fish, and that they may become quite harmful if abundant where young 
fish are reared by artificial methods. 

On September 3d, 1910, the following letter, with accompanying 
specimens, was received at the Experiment Station and referred 
to me. 

Lyme, Conn., Sept. 2, 1910. 
Agricultural Expt. Station. 

Gentlemen : 

I am sending you under separate cover a bug for identification. 
While watering my cattle at a small stream, my attention was 
drawn to a small fish flopping in the water near the shore. Think- 
ing it was caught in the grass, I poked it into the stream, when I 
saw that it was caught by a bug. 

The bug had its three pairs of legs around the fish so tightly 
that the fish was creased by the legs. The bug had its "beak" stuck 
into the seam under the fish's under jaw (gills), and seemed to be 
sucking the life out of it. 

I took bug and fish to my home and showed them to my family, 
and it was not until a pin was about to be thrust through them 
that the bug released the fish, which by that time was dead. 

I am greatly interested, as I never before heard of a bug prey- 
ing upon small fish. 




The bug in question was Lethocerus (Belostoma) ainericanus 
Leidy, and measured about two and one-fourth inches in length. 
The fish was a young banded pickerel, Lucius amcricanus Gmelin, 
nearly three and five-eighths inches long. It was kindly identified 
for me by Professor Bashford Dean. I send Mr. Davison's letter, 
thinking that the observation may be of some interest to readers of the 
NEWS, as it records a specific instance of a fish being captured by one 
of these bugs. W. E. BRITTON, New Haven, Conn. 

THE COLLECTION AND LIBRARY of the well-known Dipterologist Victor 
V. Roeder, who died in Hoyen, Anhalt, Germany, Dec. 26 1910, have- 
been presented to the Zoological Museum of the University of Halle. 

4. One and a quarter million dead flies in one heap, contributing a 
pile three feet high and five feet wide, represents the slaughter wrought 
by small boys as the result of a fly-killing contest which closed here 
today. Robert Basse carried off first prize of $10 with an official 
record of 484320 dead flies. Newspaper. 

Worcester, Mass., July 13. More than 10 barrels of flies were 
gathered by 232 contestants in an anti-fly crusade, which began on 
June 22 and ended tonight. The winner, who gets a prize of $100, 
turned in 95 quarts, or a total of 1,219,000 flies captured in traps of 
his own construction, and claims the world's championship. He is 
Earl C. Bousquet, 12 years old. Newspaper. 

has become Assistant Professor of Systematic Entomology at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois, and his address is now 604 East John Street, Cham- 
paign, Illinois. Members of the Entomological Society of America, 
of which Dr. MacGillivray is Secretary-Treasurer, are requested to 
take notice of his removal. 

Dr. J. Chester Bradley has accepted the position of Assistant Profes- 
sor of Systematic Entomology in Cornell University, as the successor 
of Dr. MacGillivray; his address is The Entomological Laboratory, 
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 

Mr. A. A. Girault, recently at Urbana, Illinois, has been appointed 
Entomologist to the Department of Agriculture of Queensland, and 
should be addressed at Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 

artic Coleoptera formed by Herr J. Schilsky, the present President 
of the Deutsche Entomologische Gesellschaft, has come into the posses- 
sion of the Royal Zoological Museum in Berlin. It consists of 107,814 
specimens of 8181 palaeartic species. It includes types of about 500 
species described by its possessor, especially in the families Dasytidae, 


Anobiidae, Bostrichidse, Cioidse, Sphindidse, Mordellidae, Bruchidse, 
Rhynchitidae, Apoderidae and many Curculionidae, particularly the 
genera Apion, Phyllobius, Polydrosus, etc. There are also many spec- 
imens which have been compared with the types of Desbrochers, 
Eppelsheim, Ganglbauer, V. Heyden, Kraatz, Reitter, Weise and other 
authors. Further details will be found in Deutsche Entomologische 
Zeitschrift, 1911, pp. 107-109. The same museum has also acquired 
the "greatest special collection of Italian beetles," that of Prof. Fiori 
(I- c. p. 353)- 

lECntomological Literature. 


Under the above head it is intended to note papers received at the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia, pertaining to the En- 
tomology of the Americas (North and South), excluding Arachnida and 
Myriapoda. Articles irrelevant to American entomology will not be noted; 
but contributions to anatomy, physiology and embryology of insects, how- 
ever, whether relating to American or exotic species, will be recorded. 
The numbers in Heavy- Faced Type refer to the journals, as numbered 
in the following list, in which the papers are published, and are all 
dated, the current year unless otherwise noted. This (*) following a 
record, denotes that the paper in question contains description of a new 
North American form. 

For record of Economic Literature, see the Experiment Station Record, 
Office of Experiment Stations, Washington. 

4 The Canadian Entomologist. 5 Psyche, Cambridge, Mass. 
7 U. S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. 9 
The Entomologist, London. 12 Comptes Rendus, L'Academie 
des Sciences, Paris. 22 Zoologischer Anzeiger, Leipzig. 46 
Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 50 Proceedings, U. S. National 
Museum. 51 Novitates Zoologicae, Tring, England. 59 Sit- 
zungsberichte, Gesellschaft der naturforschenden Freunde, Berlin. 
73 Archives, Zoologie Experimentale et Generale, Paris. 75 
Annual Report, Entomological Society of Ontario, Toronto. 84 
Entomologische Rundschau. 92 Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche 
Insektenbiologie. 102 Proceedings, Entomological Society of 
Washington. 123 Bulletin, Wisconsin Natural History Society, 
Milwaukee. 131 Proceedings, South London Entomological and 
Natural History Society. 143 Ohio Naturalist. 166 Interna- 
tionale Entomologische Zeitschrift, Guben. 179 Journal of Eco- 
nomic Entomology. 186 Journal of Economic Biology, London. 
193 Entomologische Blatter, Nurnberg. 241 Marcellia. Rivista 
Internazionale di Cecidologia. Avellino. 245 Zeitschrift, Natur- 
wissenschaften, Halle. 251 Annales, Sciences Naturelles, Zoolo- 
gie, Paris. 278 Annales, Societe Zoologique Suisse et du Museum 


d'Histoire de Geneve, Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 322 Journal of 
Morphology, Philadelphia. 336 Board of Agriculture, Trinidad. 
338 University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, 
St. Paul. 339 Kosmos. We Lwowie (Limberg). 

GENERAL SUBJECT. Barber, H. S. A simple trap-light de- 
vice, 102, 1911, 72-73. Chapman, T. A. On insect teratology (re- 
marks to introduce a discussion on Teratological specimens), 131, 
1910-11, 39-53. Gibson, A. Basswood or linden insects IV, 75, 

1910, 99-101. Girault, A. A. Incidental observations on a queen 
of Polistes pallipes while founding a colony, including fragmentary 
biological notes, 123, 1911, 49-63. Heuer, A. Ein erprobter puppen- 
kasten, 166, v, 77. Hewitt, C. G. The teaching of insect life and 
its practical importance, 18, 1911, 63-67. Some observations on the 
practical importance of the study of parasitic insects, 75, 1910, 62- 
64. The more injurious insects in Canada during the year 1910, 
75, 1910, 27-29. Howard, L. D. Brief notes of two recent trips, 
102, 1911, 77-79. Kaye, W. J. An entomological trip to South 
Brazil, 131, 1910-11, 54-66. Lefroy, H. M. The training of an 
economic entomologist, 186, 1911, 50-58. Needham, J. G. The role 
of insects in water-life, 75, 1910, 42-43. Pemberton, C. E. The 
sound-making of Diptera and Hymenoptera, 5, 1911, 114-118. 
Sitowski, L. Merkwurdige mimikry-beispiele der heimischen in- 
sekten fauna (Native), 339, 1911, 251-262. Swaine, J. M. Some in- 
sects of the larch, 75, 1910, 81-88. Trotter, A. Contribute alia con- 
oscenza delle galle dell' America del Nord, 241, x, 28-61 (*). Wash- 
burn, F. L. Cut worms, army worms and grasshoppers, 338, Bull. 
No. 123. Webster, F. M. The diffusion of insects in North Ameri- 
ca, 102, 1911, 2-4. 

APTERA & NEUROPTERA. Banks, N. Paranthaclisis hageni 
in Texas, 102, 1911, 71. Holmgrem, N. Bemerkungen uber einige 
termiten-arten, 22, xxxvii, 545-553. Jacobson, E. Mallophaga 
transported by Hippoboscidae, 46, 1911, 168-169. Jordan & Roths- 
child Katalog der Siphonapteren des Koniglichen Zoologischen 
Museums in Berlin, 51, xviii, 57-89. Lucas, W. J. The natural or- 
der of insects Neuroptera, 131, 1910-11, 66-73. Moulton, D. 
Synopsis, catalogue and bibliography of North American Thysan- 
optera, with descriptions of n. sp., 7, Tech. Ser. No. 21, 56 pp. (*). 
Muttkowski, R. A. New records of Wisconsin dragon flies, II, 
123, 1911, 28-41 (*). Rothschild, N. C. On the bat-fleas described 
by Kolenati. 51, xviii, 48-56. Some n. g. and sp. of Siphonaptera, 
51. xviii, 117-122. Urich, F. W. The cacao thrips. 336, 14 pp. 

ORTHOPTERA. Allard, H. A. The stridulations of two in- 
teresting Locustidae, 5, 1911, 118-119. Xiphidion stridulations. 102, 

1911. 84-87. Caudell, A. N. A new cactus-frequenting Orthopteron 


from Texas, 102, 1911. 79-86 (*). Criddle, N. The miration of 
some native locusts, 75, 1910, 60-61. Severin & Severin. A few sug- 
gestions on the care of the eggs and the rearing of the walking- 
stick, Diapheromera femorata, 5, 1911, 121-123. The life history 
of the walking-stick, Diapheromera femorata, 179, 1911, 307-320. 

HEMIPTERA. Davis, J. J. List of the Aphididae of Illinois 
with notes on some of the species, 179, 1911, 325-331. Gillette, C. 
P. Two Rhopalosiphum species and Aphis pulverulens, n. sp., 179, 
1911, 320-325 (*). Jacobson, E. Biological notes on the Hemip- 
teron Ptilocerus ochraceus, 46, 1911, 175-179. Jarvis, T. D. The 
coccidae of Canada, 75, 1910, 64-76. Aleyrodidae of Ontario, 75, 

1910, 78-81. Kirkaldy, G. W. Some remarks on the reduviid sub- 
family Holoptilinae and on the species Ptilocerus ochraceus, 46, 

1911, 170-174. Lindinger, L. Beitrage zur kenntnis der schild- 
lause und ihre verbreitung II, 92, 1911, 86-90, 126-130 (cont.). Mc- 
Dermott, F. A. The attack of a larval Hemiptera upon a cater- 
pillar, 102, 1911, 90-91. Pemberton, C. The California Christmas- 
berry tingis, 179, 1911, 339-343. Quayle, H. J. Locomotion of cer- 
tain young scale insects, 179, 1911, 301-306. .Sasscer, E. R. Cata- 
logue of recently described Coccidae III, 7, Tech. Ser., No. 16, pt. 
iv. de la Torre Bueno, J. R. On Halobaslopsis beginii, 4, 1911, 
226-228. Urich, F. W. Identification of the sugar cane froghopper, 
336, S'oc. Pap. No. 448,, 3 pp. Interim report of froghoppers, 336, 
8 pp., 1910. 

LEPIDOPTERA. Bordas, L. L'appareil digestif et les tubes 
de Malpighi des larves des lepidopteres, 251, xiv, 191-192. Britton, 
W. E. The leopard moth as a pest of apple nursery stock, 179, 
1911, 298-299. Cory, E. N. Notes on the egg-laying habits and 
emergence of adult of Sanninoidea exitiosa, 179, 1911, 332-336. 
Dyar, H. G. Notes on the grass-feeding Hemileucas and their 
allies. A note on Halisidota cinctipes, 102, 1911, 5-10 (*). A new 
Arctian new to our fauna, 102, 1911, 15. Notes on the American 
species of Olene. Two Noctuids new to our fauna, 102, 1911, 16- 
20 (*). A synonymic note (Isogona reniformis Smith = I. agi- 
laria Druce). Two sp. of Phycitinae new to our fauna, 102, 1911, 
30 (*). A new Basilodes from Texas, 102, 1911, 64 (*). Two new 
North American species of Eustrotia. A n. g. for Cirrhophanus 
duplicatus. Note on an Arizona Notodontian, 102, 1911, 68-69 (*). 
A new sp. of Dioryctria, 102, 1911, 81 (*). A new Coloradia, 102, 
1911, 89 (*). Change of genus for certain species of Cochlidiidae 
102, 1911, 106. Forbes, W. T. M. Another aquatic caterpillar 
(Elophila), 5, 1911, 120-121. Glaser, R. Ueber temperaturexperi- 
mente bei Schmetterlengspuppen, 84, xxviii, 89-92. Grossbeck, J. 


A. A new Canadian Geometrid, 4, 1911, 225-226 (*). Heath, E. 
F. Notes of captures of Lepidoptera at sugar and light during 
1910 at my farm on Long River, near Cartwright, Southern Mani- 
toba, and also of the results of the overhauling of several cases 
of duplicates, 4, 1911, 245-250. Jordan, K. Descriptions of new 
Saturniidae. Some new Sphingidae, 51, xviii, 129-136. Kaye, W. 
J. Neuration of Lepidoptera, 131, 1911, 81-93. Pearsall, R. F. 
Geometridae as yet undescribed, 4, 1911, 250-253 (cont.) (*). 
Rothschild, W. New Aegeriidae. New syntomidae in the Tring 
Museum, 51, xviii, 24-47 (*). Sasscer, E. R. Note on the cork- 
covered orange tortricid. (Platynota rostrana), 179, 1911, 297-298. 
Schaus, W. New sp. of Heterocera from Costa Rica, 11, vii, 612- 
634. Descriptions of six new American Heterocera, 102, 1911, 42- 
44. Stobbe, R. Ueber das abdominale sinnesorgan und uber den 
gehorsinn der Lepidopteren mit besonderer berucksichtigung der 
Noctuiden, 59, 1911, 93-105. Strand, E. Eine neue Pericopiide aus 
Brasilien, 166, v, 77. Sweet, L. W. Geometrid notes. A new 
Eupithecia, 4, 1911 255-256 (*). Wolley Dod. F. H. Further notes 
on Alberta Lepidoptera, 4, 1911, 229-236, 281-286. 
' DIPTERA. Ainslie, C. N. A note on the occurrence of Chry- 
somyza demandata, 102, 1911, 118-119. Collin, J. E. On Carnus 
hemapterus (Cenchridobia eggeri) and its systematic position 
among the Diptera, 51, xviii, 138-139. DeMeijere, J. C. H. Zur 
metamorphose der myrmecophilen Cuclide Harpagomyia splen- 
dens, 46, 1911, 162-167. Felt, E. P. Rhopalomyia grossulariae n. 
sp., 179, 1911, 347 (*). Graenicher, S. Wisconsin Diptera. A 
supplement to the preliminary list of Bombyliidae Syrphidae and 
Conopidae, 123, 1911, 66-72. Hasper, M. Zur entwicklung der 
geschlechtsorgane von Chironomus, 89, xxxi, 543-612. Howitt, J. 
E. The bean maggot (Pegomyia fusciceps) in Ontario in 1910, 
75, 1910, 56-59. Jacobson, E. Nahere mitteilungen uber die myr- 
mecophile culicide Harpagomyia splendens, 46, 1911, 158-161. Knab, 
F. Ecdysis in the Diptera, 102, 1911, 32-42. Liebe, J. Die larve 
von S'imulia ornata, 245, 1910, 345-372. McAtee, W. L. 
Facts in the life history of Goniops chrysocoma, 102, 1911, 21-29. 
Niswonger, H. R. Two sp. of Diptera of the genus Drosophila, 
143, 1911, 374-376. Van Duzee M. C. A list of Diptera taken at 
Kearney, Ontario, in July, 1909, 4, 1911, 237-244. 

COLEOPTERA. Bishopp, C. F. An annotated bibliography of 
the Mexican cotton boll weevil, 7, Circ. No. 140. Bugnion, E. 
Les pieces buccales et le pharynx d'un S'taphylin de Ceylan 278, 
1911, 135-152. Buhk & Baur. Beobachtungen uber die lebensweise 
des Hydroporus sanmarki, 92, 1911, 96-97. Gahan, A. B. Some 
notes on Parandra brunnea, 179, 1911, 299-301. Gahan, C. J. On 


some recent attempts to classify the Coleoptera in accordance 
with their phylogeny, 9, 1911, 214-219, 259-262 (cont.). Guppy, P. 
L. The life history and control of the cacao beetle, 336, Circ. No. 
1, 34 pp. Preliminary notes on the cocoa beetles, 336, 6 pp., 1910. 
Hubenthal, W. Die gattung Pseudopsis, 193, 1911, 97-103. Jeannel, 
R. Revision des Bathysciinae. Morphologic. Distribution geo- 
gi;aphique, Systematique, 73, xlvii, 1-641. Krizenecky, J. Neue 
monstrositaten bei coleopteren, 193, 1911, 113-119. Mann, W. M. 
On some northwestern ants and their guests, 5, 1911, 102-109 (*). 
Marlatt, C. L. The mango weevil (Cryptorhynchus mangiferae), 
7, Circ. No. 141. Mitchell & Pierce The weevils of Victoria Co., 
Texas, 102, 1911, 45-62 (*). Morris, F. J. A. Beetles found about 
foliage, 75, 1910, 45-51. Nusslin, O. Phylogenie und system der 
borkenkafer, 92, 1911, 77-82, 109-112 (cont.). Pierce, W. D. Some 
factors influencing the development of the boll weevil, 102, 1911, 
111-117. Piper, C. V. Notes on Pterostichus johnsoni, 102, 1911, 
62-64. Popenoe & Smyth An epidemic of fungous diseases among 
soldier beetles. 102. 1911, 75-76. Schaeffer, C. Sphaeridium bipus- 
tulatus found in the neighborhood of N. Y. City, 4, 1911, 254-255. 
Strohmeyer, O. Die biologische bedeutung sekundarer geschlecht- 
scharaktere am kopfe weiblicher Platypodiden, 193, 1911, 103-107. 
Swaine, J. M. A few new Ipadae, 4, 1911, 213-224 (*). Wheeler, 
W. M. On Melanetaerius infernalis, 5, 1911, 112-114. Winn, A. 
F. The horse-radish flea-beetle (Phyllotreta armoraciae), 75, 1910, 

HYMENOPTERA. Cockerell, T. D. A. Names applied to bees 
of the genus Nomada found in North America, 50, xli, 225-243. 
Cornetz, V. La conservation de 1'orientation chez la fourmi, 278, 
1911, 153-173. Crawford, J. C. Descriptions of new Hymenoptera, 
50, xli, 267-283 (*). A n. sp. of the genus Cheiloneurus, 102, 1911, 
126 (*). Crawford & Bradley A new Pelecinus-like genus and 
species of Platygasteridae, 102, 1911, 124-125 (*). Girault, A. A. 
Two n. sp. of Trichogrammatidae from the U. S. and West Aus- 
tralia, 9, 1911 197-199 (*). Luderwalt, H. Nestbau von Neocory- 
nura erinnys, 92, 1911, 94-96. Mann, W. M. On some northwes- 
tern ants and their guests, 5, 1911, 102-109. Rohwer, S. A. De- 
scriptions of new species of wasps with notes on described species, 
50, 1911, 551-587 (*). A preoccupied name in wasps (Didineis 
vierecki n. n. for D. crassicornis Vier.), 102, 1911, 4. A preoccu- 
pied name in saw-flies. (Pteronus wrighti n. n. for P. californicus 
Marlatt), 102, 1911, 31. Rudow, Dr. Afterraupen der blattwespen 
und ihre entwicklung, 84, xxviii, 95, 118-119. Sasscer, E. R. Notes 
on a saw fly injurious to ash, 102, 1911, 107-108. Schrottky, C. 
A new Dianthidium from Paraguay, 102, 1911, 14-15. Viereck, H. 


L. Hymenoptera in Smith's insects of New Jersey, 3rd edition, 
1910, 102, 1911, 93-99. Two genera of Ichneumonoidea, 102, 1911, 
123. Wheeler, W. M. Two fungus-growing ants from Arizona, 
5, 1911, 95-101 (*). The ant-colony as an organism, 322, xxii, 307- 

LEPIDOPTERORUM CATALOGUS. W. Junk of Berlin announces that he 
has undertaken the p